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2-1. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force F R = F 1 + F 2 and its direction, measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis.

measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis. 2-6 . Resolve the force F 2 into components

2-6. Resolve the force F 2 into components acting along the u and v axes and determine the magnitudes of the components.

and v axes and determine the magnitudes of the components. 2-17 . Determine the design angle

2-17. Determine the design angle θ (0 o ≤ θ ≤ 90 o ) for strut AB so that the 400-lb horizontal force has a component of 500 lb directed from A towards C. What is the component of force acting along member AB? Take ϕ = 40°.

2-27. The beam is to be hoisted using two chains. If the resultant force is to be 600 N directed along the positive y axis, determine the magnitudes of forces F A and F B acting on each chain and the angle of F B so that the magnitude of F B is a minimum. F A acts at 30° from the y axis, as shown.

the angle of F B so that the magnitude of F B is a minimum .
the angle of F B so that the magnitude of F B is a minimum .
2–49. If the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the eyebolt is 600 N

2–49. If the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the eyebolt is 600 N and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis is = 30 o , determine the magnitude of F 1 and the angle .

, determine the magnitude of F 1 and the angle . 2–59. If the resultant force

2–59. If the resultant force acting on the bracket is required to be a minimum, determine the magnitudes of F 1 and the resultant force. Set = 30°.

of F 1 and the resultant force. Set = 30°. 2–78. Three forces act on the

2–78. Three forces act on the ring. If the resultant force F R has a magnitude and direction as shown, determine the magnitude and the coordinate direction angles of force F 3 .

and the coordinate direction angles of force F 3 . 2–71. If the resultant force acting

2–71. If the resultant force acting on the bracket is directed along the positive y axis, determine the magnitude of the resultant force and the coordinate direction angles of F so that β < 90°.

F2–20. Determine the length of the rod and the position vector directed from A to

F2–20. Determine the length of the rod and the position vector directed from A to B. What is the angle θ?

vector directed from A to B . What is the angle θ ? 2–87. Determine the

2–87. Determine the lengths of wires AD, BD, and CD. The ring at D is midway between A and B.

, and CD . The ring at D is midway between A and B . 2–110.

2–110. The cable attached to the shear-leg derrick exerts a force on the derrick of F = 350 lb. Express this force as a Cartesian vector.

of F = 350 lb. Express this force as a Cartesian vector. 2–113. Determine the angle

2–113. Determine the angle θ between the edges of the sheet-metal bracket.

the angle θ between the edges of the sheet-metal bracket. 2–129. Determine the magnitude of the

2–129. Determine the magnitude of the projected component of F along AC. Express this component as a Cartesian vector.

2–137. Determine the components of F that act along rod AC and perpendicular to it.

2–137. Determine the components of F that act along rod AC and perpendicular to it. Point B is located 3 m along the rod from end C.

to it. Point B is located 3 m along the rod from end C . 3–19.

3–19. The unstretched length of spring AB is 3 m. If the block is held in the equilibrium position shown, determine the mass of the block at D.

position shown, determine the mass of the block at D . 3–32. Determine the maximum weight

3–32. Determine the maximum weight of the bucket that the wire system can support so that no single wire develops a tension exceeding 100 lb.

so that no single wire develops a tension exceeding 100 lb. 8–39. Determine the smallest force

8–39. Determine the smallest force the man must exert on the rope in order to move the 80-kg crate. Also, what is the angle θ at this moment? The coefficient of static friction between the crate and the floor is µ s = 0.3.

8–41. Two blocks A and B have a weight of 10 lb and 6 lb, respectively. They are resting on the incline for which the coefficients of static friction are µ A = 0.15 and µ B = 0.25. Determine the angle θ which will cause motion of one of the blocks. What is the friction force under each of the blocks when this occurs? The spring has a stiffness of k = 2 lb/ft and is originally unstretched.

a stiffness of k = 2 lb/ft and is originally unstretched. 3–46. If the bucket and
a stiffness of k = 2 lb/ft and is originally unstretched. 3–46. If the bucket and

3–46. If the bucket and its contents have a total weight of 20 lb, determine the force in the supporting cables DA, DB, and DC.

the force in the supporting cables DA, DB , and DC . 3–54. Determine the tension

3–54. Determine the tension developed in cables AB and AC and the force developed along strut AD for equilibrium of the 400-lb crate.

along strut AD for equilibrium of the 400-lb crate. 3–60. The 800-lb cylinder is supported by

3–60. The 800-lb cylinder is supported by three chains as shown. Determine the force in each chain for equilibrium. Take d = 1 ft.

Equilibrium-3D Problem. The mass of the cylinder is 120 kg. Determine the tensions in cables AB, AC, and AD. Set the coordinate system as convenient.

rref([-.5071, 0, .6172, 0; -.1690, .4472, -.1543, 0; .8452, .8944, .7715,

1177.2])

0; -.1690, .4472, -.1543, 0; .8452, .8944, .7715, 1177.2]) 4–4. Determine the moment about point A
0; -.1690, .4472, -.1543, 0; .8452, .8944, .7715, 1177.2]) 4–4. Determine the moment about point A

4–4. Determine the moment about point A of each of the three forces acting on the beam.

4–22. The tool at A is used to hold a power lawnmower blade stationary while the nut is being loosened with the wrench. If a force of 50 N is applied to the wrench at B in the direction shown, determine the moment it creates about the nut at C. What is the magnitude of force F at A so that it creates the opposite moment about C?

F at A so that it creates the opposite moment about C ? 4–28. The connected
F at A so that it creates the opposite moment about C ? 4–28. The connected

4–28. The connected bar BC is used to increase the lever arm of the crescent wrench as shown. If a clockwise moment of M A = 120 N • m is needed to tighten the bolt at A and the force F = 200 N, determine the required extension d in order to develop this moment.

4–36. The curved rod lies in the xy plane and has a radius of 3 m. If a force of F = 80 N acts at its end as shown, determine the moment of this force about point O.

shown, determine the moment of this force about point O . 4–38. Force F acts perpendicular
shown, determine the moment of this force about point O . 4–38. Force F acts perpendicular

4–38. Force F acts perpendicular to the inclined plane. Determine the moment produced by F about point A. Express the result as a Cartesian vector.

about point A . Express the result as a Cartesian vector. 4–43. The curved rod has

4–43. The curved rod has a radius of 5 ft. If a force of 60 lb acts at its end as shown, determine the moment of this force about point C.

shown, determine the moment of this force about point C . 4–53. Determine the moment of

4–53. Determine the moment of the force F about an axis extending between A and C. Express the result as a Cartesian vector.

4–59. Determine the magnitude of force F in cable AB in order to produce a moment of 500 lb ft about the hinged axis CD, which is needed to hold the panel in the position shown.

, which is needed to hold the panel in the position shown. * 4–66. The A-frame
, which is needed to hold the panel in the position shown. * 4–66. The A-frame

*4–66. The A-frame is being hoisted into an upright position by the vertical force of F = 80 lb. Determine the moment of this force about the x axis when the frame is in the position shown. (The textbook requires finding the moment about y- axis)

(The textbook requires finding the moment about y - axis) 4–71. Two couples act on the

4–71. Two couples act on the beam. Determine the magnitude of F so that the resultant couple moment is 450 lb•ft, counterclockwise. Where on the beam does the resultant couple moment act?

Where on the beam does the resultant couple moment act? 4–92. If the magnitude of the

4–92. If the magnitude of the couple moment acting on the pipe assembly is 50 N m, determine the magnitude of the couple forces applied to each wrench. The pipe assembly lies in the x–y plane.

to each wrench. The pipe assembly lies in the x–y plane. 4–90. Determine the distance d

4–90. Determine the distance d between A and B so that the resultant couple moment has a magnitude of M R = 20 N m.

4–105. Replace the force system acting on the frame by a resultant force and couple moment at point A.

frame by a resultant force and couple moment at point A . 4–133. If the resultant
frame by a resultant force and couple moment at point A . 4–133. If the resultant

4–133. If the resultant force is required to act at the center of the slab, determine the magnitude of the column loadings F A and F B and the magnitude of the resultant force.

A and F B and the magnitude of the resultant force. 4–112. Handle forces F 1

4–112. Handle forces F 1 and F 2 are applied to the electric drill. Replace this force system by an equivalent resultant force and couple moment acting at point O. Express the results in Cartesian vector form.

at point O . Express the results in Cartesian vector form. 9–9. Locate the centroid (

9–9. Locate the centroid (x, y) of the area.

vector form. 9–9. Locate the centroid ( x , y ) of the area. 9–28. Locate

9–28. Locate the centroid (x, y) of the area.

9–3. Locate the centroid ( x , y ) of the homogeneous rod bent into

9–3. Locate the centroid (x, y) of the homogeneous rod bent into a parabolic shape.

x , y ) of the homogeneous rod bent into a parabolic shape. 9–39. Locate the

9–39. Locate the y–centroid of the paraboloid.

shape. 9–39. Locate the y –centroid of the paraboloid. 9–47. Locate the centroid of the quarter–cone.

9–47. Locate the centroid of the quarter–cone.

9–47. Locate the centroid of the quarter–cone. F9–7. Locate the centroid ( x , y ,

F9–7. Locate the centroid (x, y, z) of the wire bent in the shape shown.

( x , y , z ) of the wire bent in the shape shown. 9–55.

9–55. The three members of the frame each have a weight per unit length of 4 lb/ft. Locate the position (x, y) of the center of gravity. Neglect the size of the pins at the joints and the thickness of the members. Also, calculate the reactions at the fixed support A.

Also, calculate the reactions at the fixed support A . 9–61. Locate the centroid ( x

9–61. Locate the centroid (x, y) of the member’s cross section area.

Problem Centroids 1. Locate the centroid (x, y) of the composite area.

1. Locate the centroid ( x , y ) of the composite area. 9–89. Locate the
1. Locate the centroid ( x , y ) of the composite area. 9–89. Locate the

9–89. Locate the center of mass z of the assembly. The cylinder and the cone are made from materials having densities of 5 Mg/m 3 and 9 Mg/m 3 , respectively.

densities of 5 Mg/m 3 and 9 Mg/m 3 , respectively. F4-37 . Determine the resultant

F4-37. Determine the resultant force and specify where it acts on the beam measured from A .

and specify where it acts on the beam measured from A . 4–144. The distribution of

4–144. The distribution of soil loading on the bottom of a building slab is shown. Replace this loading by an equivalent resultant force and specify its location, measured from point O.

*4–153. Replace the loading by an equivalent resultant force and couple moment acting at point B.

from point O . * 4–153. Replace the loading by an equivalent resultant force and couple
* 5–2. Draw the free-body diagram of member ABC which is supported by a smooth

*5–2. Draw the free-body diagram of member ABC which is supported by a smooth collar at A, roller at B, and short link CD. Explain the significance of each force acting on the diagram.

the significance of each force acting on the diagram. 5–5. Draw the free-body diagram of the

5–5. Draw the free-body diagram of the uniform bar, which has a mass of 100 kg and a center of mass at G. The supports A,B, and C are smooth.

5–13. The 75-kg gate has a center of mass located at G. If A supports only a horizontal force and B can be assumed as a pin, determine the components of reaction at these supports.

pin, determine the components of reaction at these supports. 5–16. Determine the components of reaction at
pin, determine the components of reaction at these supports. 5–16. Determine the components of reaction at

5–16. Determine the components of reaction at the supports A and B on the rod.

5–25. Determine the magnitude of force at the pin A and in the cable BC needed to support the 500-lb load. Neglect the weight of the boom AB.

of force at the pin A and in the cable BC needed to support the 500-lb

5–30. The floor crane and the driver have a total weight of 2500 lb with a center of gravity at G. Determine the largest weight of the drum that can be lifted without causing the crane to overturn when its boom is in the position shown.

crane to overturn when its boom is in the position shown. 5–51. The rigid beam of
crane to overturn when its boom is in the position shown. 5–51. The rigid beam of

5–51. The rigid beam of negligible weight is supported horizontally by two springs and a pin. If the springs are uncompressed when the load is removed, determine the force in each spring when the load P is applied. Also, compute the vertical deflection of end C. Assume the spring stiffness k is large enough so that only small deflections occur. Hint: The beam rotates about A so the deflections in the springs can be related.

about A so the deflections in the springs can be related. RB-1 . A loading car

RB-1. A loading car is at rest on an inclined track. The gross weight of the car and its load is 5500 lb, and it is applied at at G. The cart is held in position by the cable. Determine the tension in the cable and the reaction at each pair of wheels.

in the cable and the reaction at each pair of wheels. 8–36. The thin rod has

8–36. The thin rod has a weight W and rests against the floor and wall for which the coefficients of static friction are µ A and µ B , respectively. Determine the smallest value of θ for which the rod will not move.

8–55. Determine the greatest angle θ so that the ladder does not slip when it

8–55. Determine the greatest angle θ so that the ladder does not slip when it supports the 75-kg man in the position shown. The surface is rather slippery, where the coefficient of static friction at A and B is µ s = 0.3.

of static friction at A and B is µ s = 0.3. 5–81. The sign has

5–81. The sign has a mass of 100 kg with center of mass at G. Determine the x, y, z components of reaction at the ball-and socket joint A and the tension in wires BC and BD.

socket joint A and the tension in wires BC and BD. 5–82. Determine the tensions in

5–82. Determine the tensions in the cables and the components of reaction acting on the smooth collar at A necessary to hold the 50-lb sign in equilibrium. The center of gravity for the sign is at G.

equilibrium. The center of gravity for the sign is at G . RB–2. Determine the tensions

RB–2. Determine the tensions T AE and T GF in the two supporting cables resulting from the 1.2–kN tension in cable CD. Assume the absence of any resisting moments on the base of the pole at O about the x– and y–axes, but not about z–axis. Use vector approach.

6–6. Determine the force in each member of the truss, and state if the members are in tension or compression.

and state if the members are in tension or compression. * 6–20. Determine the force in

*6–20. Determine the force in each member of the truss in terms of the load P, and indicate whether the members are in tension or compression.

indicate whether the members are in tension or compression. 6–38. Determine the force in members FE

6–38. Determine the force in members FE and EC of the Fink truss and state if the members are in tension or compression.

and state if the members are in tension or compression. 6–46. Determine the force in members

6–46. Determine the force in members CD and CM of the Baltimore bridge truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. Also, indicate all zero-force members.

Baltimore bridge truss and state if the members are in tension or compression. Also, indicate all
6–36. Determine the force in members CD, CF , and CG and state if these

6–36. Determine the force in members CD, CF, and CG and state if these members are in tension or compression.

and state if these members are in tension or compression. 6–64. Determine the force P needed

6–64. Determine the force P needed to support the 20-kg mass using the Spanish Burton rig. Also, what are the reactions at the supporting hooks A, B, and C?

are the reactions at the supporting hooks A , B , and C ? 6–65. Determine

6–65. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force at C which member ABC exerts on member CEF.

of force at C which member ABC exerts on member CEF . 6–67. Determine the horizontal

6–67. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force at each pin. The suspended cylinder has a weight of 80 lb.

6–76. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force which the pins at A, B, and C exert on member ABC of the frame

pins at A, B , and C exert on member ABC of the frame 6–98. Determine
pins at A, B , and C exert on member ABC of the frame 6–98. Determine

6–98. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force at pin B and the normal force the pin at C exerts on the smooth slot. Also, determine the moment and horizontal and vertical reactions of force at A. There is a pulley at E

vertical reactions of force at A . There is a pulley at E 6–102. The tractor

6–102. The tractor boom supports the uniform mass of 500 kg in the bucket which has a center of mass at G. Determine the force in each hydraulic cylinder AB and CD and the resultant force at pins E and F. The load is supported equally on each side of the tractor by a similar mechanism.

6–103. The two-member frame supports the 200-lb cylinder and 500 lb–ft couple moment. Determine the force of the roller at B on member AC and the horizontal and vertical components of force which the pin at C exerts on member CB and the pin at A exerts on member AC. The roller C does not contact member CB.

on member AC . The roller C does not contact member CB . 6–84. Determine the
on member AC . The roller C does not contact member CB . 6–84. Determine the

6–84. Determine the required force P that must be applied at the blade of the pruning shears so that the blade exerts a normal force of 20 lb on the twig at E.

7–12. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and the moment at points C and D.

force, shear force, and the moment at points C and D . 7–25. Determine the shear
force, shear force, and the moment at points C and D . 7–25. Determine the shear

7–25. Determine the shear force and moment acting at a section passing through point C in the beam.

7–47. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam (a) in terms of the parameters shown; (b) set P = 800 lb, a = 5 ft, L = 12 ft.

shown; (b) set P = 800 lb, a = 5 ft, L = 12 ft. F7–8.
shown; (b) set P = 800 lb, a = 5 ft, L = 12 ft. F7–8.

F7–8. Determine the shear and moment as a function of x, then draw the shear and moment diagrams.

7–59. Determine the shear and moment as a function of x, then draw the shear and moment diagrams.

a function of x , then draw the shear and moment diagrams. 7–65. Determine the shear
a function of x , then draw the shear and moment diagrams. 7–65. Determine the shear

7–65. Determine the shear and moment as a function of x, then draw the shear and moment diagrams.

7–66. Determine the shear and moment as a function of x, then draw the shear and moment diagrams.

moment diagrams. 7–66. Determine the shear and moment as a function of x , then draw
10–11. Determine the moment of inertia of the area about the x and y axes.

10–11. Determine the moment of inertia of the area about the x and y axes.

moment of inertia of the area about the x and y axes. 10–22. Determine the moment

10–22. Determine the moment of inertia of the area about the y axis.

the moment of inertia of the area about the y axis. 10–25. Determine the moment of

10–25. Determine the moment of inertia of the area about the x axis.

the moment of inertia of the area about the x axis. 10–49. Determine the moment of

10–49. Determine the moment of inertia of the area about the y axis.