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Directional Drilling

Fs
WOB
Sliding
Bit Displacement
Lateral distance from the BHA centerline to
the bit center
B
D
= L
t
x sin [in]
where : L
t
(in) length from bend to bit
( ) bend angle
_______________________________________
Example :
9 5/8 Sperry-Drill, 6/7 lobe, 5.0 stage
L
m
= 32.14 ft
L
t
= 32.14 + 1.0 = 33.14 ft = 397.68
= 1.5
B
D
= 397.68 x sin 1.5 = 10.41 in
B
D

L
t
Bent sub
Bit Interference - example
B
i
= B
D
+ 0.5(D
M
+D
B
)-D
H
= 10.41 + 0.5(9.625 + 12.25) - 12.25
= 9.098 in
B
D
= 10.41 (in) bit displacement
D
m
= 9.625 (in) OD of the motor
D
b
= 12.25 (in) bit size
D
h
= 12.25 (in) hole size
D
m
D
b
D
h
B
i
B
D
Bent sub
Bit Displacement
Lateral distance from the motor centerline to
the bit center
B
D
= L
t
x sin [in]
where : L
t
(in) length from bend to bit
( ) bend angle
_______________________________________
Example :
9 5/8 Sperry-Drill, 6/7 lobe, 5.0 stage
L
t
= 129.4
= 1.5
B
D
= 129.4 x sin 1.5 = 3.39 in
B
D

L
t
ABH
D
m
D
b
D
h
B
i
Distance the bit would displace beyond the wall
of the wellbore if not constrained by formation.
Bit Interference
B
i
= B
D
+ 0.5(D
M
+D
B
)-D
H
[in]
where : B
D
(in) bit displacement
D
M
(in) OD of the motor
D
B
(in) bit size
D
H
(in) hole size
D
m
D
b
D
h
B
i
Bit Interference - example
B
i
= B
D
+ 0.5(D
M
+D
B
)-D
H
= 3.39 + 0.5(9.625 + 12.25) - 12.25
= 2.077 in
B
D
= 3.39 (in) bit displacement
D
M
= 9.625 (in) OD of the motor
D
B
= 12.25 (in) bit size
D
H
= 12.25 (in) hole size
Kick-off / Sidetracking
Kick-off / Sidetracking
Interference created side forces push the
bit to the side and cause sidetracking the hole
Sidetracking from Cement Plug
Time drilling : 4-5 in/hr progress
low WOB
monitor cement to formation
cuttings ratio
CMT Plug
50% cement
50% formation
100% cement
100% formation
side force
Effect of Bent Housing Angle
Effect of Bent Housing Angle
on Build Rates and Bit Side-loads
on Build Rates and Bit Side-loads
4 to
12 ft
Straight Hole
Dogleg
Severity
of Curved
Hole (/100 ft)
2.6
4.34
6.08
7.85
9.57
Bend
Angle
()
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
35 ft
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10,000
12,000
14,000
16,000
18,000
20,000
0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5
Bent Housing Angle, deg
Bit Side-Load
Bit Side-Load
Rotating in
Curved Hole
B
i
t

S
i
d
e
-
L
o
a
d
,

l
b
Theoretical DLS
) ft 100 / (
2 L 1 L
200
DLS
+ ++ +

= == =
R
Bend angle
Bit
Top stabilizer
Motor stabilizer
Curved borehole
L2
L1
T
Based on the assumption that the stabilizers are full gauge, and the bend is at the
motor stabilizer
Note : also called three point geometry
Performance Expectations
Performance Expectations
Bent Sub
bent sub angles - 0.5 to 3.00
dogleg expectancy - 1.00 to 6.00
Bent Housing
bent housing angle - 0.75 to 1.75
dogleg expectancy - 1.00 to 35.00
Oriented Build Rate Associated with 12-1/4 Hole Size, 8 Motor Adjustable Bent Housing, and
No Motor Top Stabilizer at Various Inclinations Based on Various Bent Housing Settings
Application (1)
Application (1)
Oriented Build Rate Associated with 12-1/4 Hole Size, 8 Motor Adjustable Bent Housing, and 11-1/2
Motor Top Stabilizer at Various Inclinations Based on Various Bent Housing Settings
Application (2)
Application (2)
What was the build rate for
What was the build rate for
that motor!
that motor!
Stabilizers
Stabilizers
Integral Blade Stabilizers
Integral Blade Stabilizers
TCI Inserts on Stabilizer Blade
TCI Inserts on Stabilizer Blade
No Hard facing on Fishing Neck
No Hard facing on Fishing Neck
Damaged Stabilizer Blade
Damaged Stabilizer Blade
Sleeve Stabilizer for a Motor
Sleeve Stabilizer for a Motor
Adjustable Gauge Stabilizer
Adjustable Gauge Stabilizer
Hole Sizes : 5-7/8 - 17-1/2
Gauge Change : 0.5 - 1.06
2- and 3- position tool
Operates on 400 psi
Cycles every time pump cycled
Pistons locked into body
Position indication by SPP shift
Normal drilling position: buttons
retracted
Adjustable Gauge Stabilizer
Adjustable Gauge Stabilizer
STATUS SIGNAL - SPP
PUMPS OFF
PUMPS ON
PUMPS ON PUMPS ON
PUMPS OFF
EXTENDED
RETRACTED
RETRACTED
Adjustable Stabilizer
Adjustable Stabilizer
AGS Used With PDM
AGS Used With PDM
mud motor
mud motor
What is This?
What is This?
DBS Cuttings Bed Impeller (CBI)
DBS Cuttings Bed Impeller (CBI)