Sunteți pe pagina 1din 153

Similar aircraft masses (MTOW) (kg) A380-700 A380-800 747-8I 560000 590000 442000

Initial guess (MTOW) (kg) 450000

Considered large transport aircraft, subsonic, engines on the rear fuselage Mach number 0.85 Aspect ratio 7.9616 Cruise ceiling 45000 ft 13716 m ==> Temp P a Palyoad 90000 kg

-46.5 14746.45 0.226668 301.7957

C Pa Kg/m^3 m/s

Wing span Wing area LE sweep angle 1/4 chord sweep angle Thickness/chord at root Tip to root chords ratio Aircraft design mass Design diving speed Long range aircraft coeff

b S M N Vd C1 MAC

79.608 796 27.01509 22.50222 0.138889 0.25 450000 2.5 256.5264 0.028

m m2 kg m/s EAS -

11.2 m

Fuselage max length Fuselage max breadth Fuselage max height Shape factor Length from nose to parallel section Length from rear to parallel section Nose finenness ratio Rear fineness ratio Mean diameter c2 Allowable working stress

L B H Kf l l' fn ft D c2 f

77 9 5 0.785

m m m -

Shell surface area

12.41322 m 2.091382 1.773317 0.298769 7 0.9 -

Tail arm Pressure differential

LT k1 p k3

30 0.983869 0.66 0.12

m bar -

Skin mass

Stringer mass

Frame mass

Total gross shell weight Skin area removed Stringer area removed Frame area removed Eq wetted area of windscreen A1 A2 A3 Aw Aw Aw Aw Nw m2 m2 m2 8 m2 m2 2.09 m2 20.0276 m2 220 m2 Net shell mass Cutouts reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows Modified shell mass Cabin length Max number of seats Flight deck length Number of crew seats Freight bay length Number of rows of containers Bulkhead area lc Nb lf Nc lb k4 Ab 55 853 6 3 38.1 25 35.34292 m m m m2 Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment Total mass of the fuselage

Number of windows

Tail surface area

STU

m2

c3 NLG mass/MLG mass

0.038 0.243246

kerosene LH2

Air conditioning, press, 02 De-icing Average people mass Passengers Pilots Crew 88 853 4 22 kg -

Fire protections Paint

Passengers Pilots Crew

Guess

231191

Mw Mw Mw

Wing structure mass 57826 kg 34208 49620 kg

Eq 1 Eq 2 Eq 3

Shell surface area

Sf Sf

Fuselage structure mass 1616 m2 1462 m2

Eq 9a Eq 9b

Mf Mf Mf Mf

50833.06406 kg 72001.78637 kg 65140.63943 kg

Eq 10a Eq 10b Eq 10c Eq 10c

Skin mass

ms1 ms1 ms2

Breakdown 9055.42427 kg 8135.292289 kg 6159.181869 kg

Eq 11a Eq 11a Eq 11e

Stringer mass

Frame mass

mf mf MSG MSN

3582.615581 kg 3351.283766 kg 18797.22172 kg 18797.22172

Eq 11f Eq 11f Eq 12a

al gross shell weight

t shell mass

outs reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows MSM 513.2210961 0 7.315 560.7314 836 20714.48922 87879.055 kg 293.76 kg 19697.7 kg 485.8570392 kg 1032.5 kg 1580.623245 kg 1264 kg 5400 kg 600 138947.9845 kg Eq 13a Eq 13b Eq 13c Eq 13d Eq 13e Eq 13e Eq 13f Eq 13f Eq 13g kg kg kg kg kg Eq 12c Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12f

dified shell mass Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment

al mass of the fuselage

Tail unit structure mass MTU MTU 0 kg 6891.19314 kg Eq 14 Eq 17a

Undercarriage MUC 17100 kg Eq 18

Powerplant structure 2185.87 kg

Fuel system 1665.482276 kg Fuel Residual fuel Kerosene Density Kerosene volume Hydrogen 1125 153614 785 195.6866242 6150 kg kg kg/m3 m3 kg

Powerplants Fans Generators Turboshafts 2630 kg 4228.7 kg 15000 kg

Flight control system 3664.061008 kg

Fuel tanks 1956.866242 kg ? APU 900 kg

Hydraulics and pneumatics 2146.625258 kg

Electrics 13030.78708 kg

ECS Air conditioning, press, 02 4265 kg 1450.002471 kg

Total furnishings 27356.94078 kg

Equipment 300 kg

Radio, radar & navigation 170 kg

Miscellaneous Fire protections 1350 kg 807.8125422 kg

Passengers and crew Passengers 75064 kg 352 kg 1936 kg

Baggages 26370 kg

CG location 44.7866233 m 0 Calculated mass 494677 kg Mass used for CG calculation 494676.7 kg

Chap. 2 Wing location Root chord LE loc TE loc

++++

80% wing mass at 45% y 80% mass location

++++ Chap. 3

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third 20% mass location

F Total body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass location

Chap. 4

Chap. 4

100% mass location

M Assumed at the TE location 100% mass location Chap. 5 Assumed at flight deck location 100% mass location

Chap. 6 100% mass location

Po

Assumed at the mid root chord 100% mass location residual kerosene LH2 100% mass location 100% mass location 100% mass location

Turbo 100% mass location

Assumed at TE location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Air-co anti-ic People 77352 kg Payload 103722 kg

100% mass location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Pai 100% mass location

Pas 100% mass location

100% mass location

from nose

LE cr

x y1 y 80% wing mass at 45% y

Wing structure CG 55 % 18 m 42.35 m 60.35 m 12.3564 6.3 11.7

of fuselage from nose from nose from nose

46260.57 kg 47.615 m

from nose

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third of root chord 11565.14 kg 51.65

Fuselage structure CG

body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass 65140.64 kg 42.35 m

from nose

100% mass

Tail Unit CG 6891.193 kg 68 m

from nose

Main Landing Gear CG 12940.49 kg 60.35 m from nose Nose Landing Gear CG 4159.507 kg 4m

med at the TE location 100% mass

med at flight deck location 100% mass

100% mass

Powerplant structure CG 2185.87 kg 69

Fuel system CG 1665.482 kg 51.35 m Fuel CG 1125 kg 51.35 m 153614 kg 51.35 m 6150 kg 51.35 m

med at the mid root chord 100% mass

from nose

100% mass 100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose from nose

100% mass

Turboshafts and generators CG 19228.7 kg 69 m from nose Fans CG

100% mass

2630 kg 60.35 m

from nose

100% mass

FCS CG 3664.061 kg 55.85 m

from nose

100% mass

Fuel tanks CG 1956.866 kg 51.35 m

from nose

100% mass

APU CG 900 kg 76 m

from nose

Hydraulic system CG 100% mass 2146.625 kg 64.675 m Electric system CG 100% mass 13030.79 kg 38.5 m ECS CG 4265 kg 33.5 m 1450.002 kg 42.35 m Furnishings CG 27356.94 kg 33.5 m

from nose

from nose

100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose

100% mass

from nose

100% mass

Equipments CG 300 kg 3m

from nose

100% mass

Instruments CG 170 kg 4.12 m

from nose

100% mass

Paint & Fire protection CG 2157.813 kg 42.35 m from nose

100% mass

Passengers, pilots, crew CG 77352 kg 33.5 m from nose

100% mass

Baggages CG 26370 kg 20 m

from nose

Nose y (m) 0 0

Wing LE Wing TE 42.35 60.35 0 0

Aerocenter 44.03 46.27 0 0

TU 68 0

Rear 77 0

-1 0

-0.5

0.5

10

20

30 CG 40
Wing

Nose Rear 50 TU
Aerocenter

60

70

80

90

Considered large transport aircraft, subsonic, engines on the rear fuselage Mach number 0.85 Aspect ratio 8.083461 Cruise ceiling 45000 ft 13716 m ==> Temp P a Palyoad 90000 kg

-46.5 14746.45 0.226668 301.7957

C Pa Kg/m^3 m/s

Wing span Wing area LE sweep angle 1/4 chord sweep angle Thickness/chord at root Tip to root chords ratio Aircraft design mass Design diving speed Long range aircraft coeff

b S M N Vd C1 MAC

79.608 784 27.01509 22.50222 0.138889 0.25 494677 2.5 256.5264 0.028

m m2 kg m/s EAS -

11.2 m

Fuselage max length Fuselage max breadth Fuselage max height Shape factor Length from nose to parallel section Length from rear to parallel section Nose finenness ratio Rear fineness ratio Mean diameter c2 Allowable working stress

L B H Kf l l' fn ft D c2 f

77 9 5 0.785

m m m -

Shell surface area

12.41322 m 2.091382 1.773317 0.298769 7 0.9 -

Tail arm Pressure differential

LT k1 p k3

30 0.983869 0.66 0.12

m bar -

Skin mass

Stringer mass

Frame mass

Total gross shell weight Skin area removed Stringer area removed Frame area removed Eq wetted area of windscreen A1 A2 A3 Aw Aw Aw Aw Nw m2 m2 m2 8 m2 m2 2.09 m2 20.0276 m2 220 m2 Net shell mass Cutouts reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows Modified shell mass Cabin length Max number of seats Flight deck length Number of crew seats Freight bay length Number of rows of containers Bulkhead area lc Nb lf Nc lb k4 Ab 55 853 6 3 38.1 25 35.34292 m m m m2 Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment Total mass of the fuselage

Number of windows

Tail surface area

STU

m2

c3 NLG mass/MLG mass

0.038 0.243246

kerosene LH2

Air conditioning, press, 02 De-icing Average people mass Passengers Pilots Crew 88 853 4 22 kg -

Fire protections Paint

Passengers Pilots Crew

Guess

239786

Mw Mw Mw

Wing structure mass 58758 kg 34789 55065 kg

Eq 1 Eq 2 Eq 3

Shell surface area

Sf Sf

Fuselage structure mass 1616 m2 1462 m2

Eq 9a Eq 9b

Mf Mf Mf Mf

57598.355 kg 72001.78637 kg 65140.63943 kg

Eq 10a Eq 10b Eq 10c Eq 10c

Skin mass

ms1 ms1 ms2

Breakdown 9055.42427 kg 8135.292289 kg 6159.181869 kg

Eq 11a Eq 11a Eq 11e

Stringer mass

Frame mass

mf mf MSG MSN

3582.615581 kg 3351.283766 kg 18797.22172 kg 18797.22172

Eq 11f Eq 11f Eq 12a

al gross shell weight

t shell mass

outs reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows MSM 513.2210961 0 7.315 560.7314 836 20714.48922 87879.055 kg 293.76 kg 19697.7 kg 485.8570392 kg 1133.022555 kg 1770.757477 kg 1389.094735 kg 5936.120291 kg 600 139899.8563 kg Eq 13a Eq 13b Eq 13c Eq 13d Eq 13e Eq 13e Eq 13f Eq 13f Eq 13g kg kg kg kg kg Eq 12c Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12f

dified shell mass Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment

al mass of the fuselage

Tail unit structure mass MTU MTU 0 kg 7454.436793 kg Eq 14 Eq 17a

Undercarriage MUC 18797.71425 kg Eq 18

Powerplant structure 2185.87 kg

Fuel system 1796.499753 kg Fuel Residual fuel Kerosene Density Kerosene volume Hydrogen 1236.691727 168975 785 215.2547771 6765 kg kg kg/m3 m3 kg

Powerplants Fans Generators Turboshafts 2630 kg 4228.7 kg 15000 kg

Flight control system 3952.299457 kg

Fuel tanks 2152.547771 kg ? APU 989.3533818 kg

Hydraulics and pneumatics 2250.664194 kg

Electrics 13989.50502 kg

ECS Air conditioning, press, 02 4265 kg 1549.3338 kg

Total furnishings 30647.72557 kg

Equipment 300 kg

Radio, radar & navigation 170 kg

Miscellaneous Fire protections 1484.030073 kg 807.8125422 kg

Passengers and crew Passengers 75064 kg 352 kg 1936 kg

Baggages 26370 kg

CG location 44.9631434 m 0 Calculated mass 519248 kg Mass used for CG calculation 519248.5 kg

Chap. 2 Wing location Root chord LE loc TE loc

++++

80% wing mass at 45% y 80% mass location

++++ Chap. 3

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third 20% mass location

F Total body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass location

Chap. 4

Chap. 4

100% mass location

M Assumed at the TE location 100% mass location Chap. 5 Assumed at flight deck location 100% mass location

Chap. 6 100% mass location

Po

Assumed at the mid root chord 100% mass location residual kerosene LH2 100% mass location 100% mass location 100% mass location

Turbo 100% mass location

Assumed at TE location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Air-co anti-ic People 77352 kg Payload 103722 kg

100% mass location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Pai 100% mass location

Pas 100% mass location

100% mass location

from nose

LE cr

x y1 y 80% wing mass at 45% y

Wing structure CG 55 % 18 m 42.35 m 60.35 m 12.3564 6.3 11.7

of fuselage from nose from nose from nose

47006.1 kg 47.615 m

from nose

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third of root chord 11751.53 kg 51.65

Fuselage structure CG

body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass 65140.64 kg 42.35 m

from nose

100% mass

Tail Unit CG 7454.437 kg 68 m

from nose

Main Landing Gear CG 14225.25 kg 60.35 m from nose Nose Landing Gear CG 4572.469 kg 4m

med at the TE location 100% mass

med at flight deck location 100% mass

100% mass

Powerplant structure CG 2185.87 kg 69

Fuel system CG 1796.5 kg 51.35 m Fuel CG 1236.692 kg 51.35 m 168975 kg 51.35 m 6765 kg 51.35 m

med at the mid root chord 100% mass

from nose

100% mass 100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose from nose

100% mass

Turboshafts and generators CG 19228.7 kg 69 m from nose Fans CG

100% mass

2630 kg 60.35 m

from nose

100% mass

FCS CG 3952.299 kg 55.85 m

from nose

100% mass

Fuel tanks CG 2152.548 kg 51.35 m

from nose

100% mass

APU CG 989.3534 kg 76 m

from nose

Hydraulic system CG 100% mass 2250.664 kg 64.675 m Electric system CG 100% mass 13989.51 kg 38.5 m ECS CG 4265 kg 33.5 m 1549.334 kg 42.35 m Furnishings CG 30647.73 kg 33.5 m

from nose

from nose

100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose

100% mass

from nose

100% mass

Equipments CG 300 kg 3m

from nose

100% mass

Instruments CG 170 kg 4.12 m

from nose

100% mass

Paint & Fire protection CG 2291.843 kg 42.35 m from nose

100% mass

Passengers, pilots, crew CG 77352 kg 33.5 m from nose

100% mass

Baggages CG 26370 kg 20 m

from nose

Nose y (m) 0 0

Wing LE Wing TE 42.35 60.35 0 0

Aerocenter 44.03 46.27 0 0

TU 68 0

Rear 77 0

-1 0

-0.5

0.5

10

20

30 CG 40
Wing

Nose Rear 50 TU
Aerocenter

60

70

80

90

Considered large transport aircraft, subsonic, engines on the rear fuselage Mach number 0.85 Aspect ratio 7.709773 Cruise ceiling 45000 ft 13716 m ==> Temp P a Palyoad 90000 kg

-46.5 14746.45 0.226668 301.7957

C Pa Kg/m^3 m/s

Wing span Wing area LE sweep angle 1/4 chord sweep angle Thickness/chord at root Tip to root chords ratio Aircraft design mass Design diving speed Long range aircraft coeff

b S M N Vd C1 MAC

79.608 822 27.01509 22.50222 0.138889 0.25 519248 2.5 256.5264 0.028

m m2 kg m/s EAS -

11.2 m

Fuselage max length Fuselage max breadth Fuselage max height Shape factor Length from nose to parallel section Length from rear to parallel section Nose finenness ratio Rear fineness ratio Mean diameter c2 Allowable working stress

L B H Kf l l' fn ft D c2 f

77 9 5 0.785

m m m -

Shell surface area

12.41322 m 2.091382 1.773317 0.298769 7 0.9 -

Tail arm Pressure differential

LT k1 p k3

30 0.983869 0.66 0.12

m bar -

Skin mass

Stringer mass

Frame mass

Total gross shell weight Skin area removed Stringer area removed Frame area removed Eq wetted area of windscreen A1 A2 A3 Aw Aw Aw Aw Nw m2 m2 m2 8 m2 m2 2.09 m2 20.0276 m2 220 m2 Net shell mass Cutouts reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows Modified shell mass Cabin length Max number of seats Flight deck length Number of crew seats Freight bay length Number of rows of containers Bulkhead area lc Nb lf Nc lb k4 Ab 55 853 6 3 38.1 25 35.34292 m m m m2 Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment Total mass of the fuselage

Number of windows

Tail surface area

STU

m2

c3 NLG mass/MLG mass

0.038 0.243246

kerosene LH2

Air conditioning, press, 02 De-icing Average people mass Passengers Pilots Crew 88 853 4 22 kg -

Fire protections Paint

Passengers Pilots Crew

Guess

246581

Mw Mw Mw

Wing structure mass 61334 kg 36592 58081 kg

Eq 1 Eq 2 Eq 3

Shell surface area

Sf Sf

Fuselage structure mass 1616 m2 1462 m2

Eq 9a Eq 9b

Mf Mf Mf Mf

61404.62043 kg 72001.78637 kg 65140.63943 kg

Eq 10a Eq 10b Eq 10c Eq 10c

Skin mass

ms1 ms1 ms2

Breakdown 9055.42427 kg 8135.292289 kg 6159.181869 kg

Eq 11a Eq 11a Eq 11e

Stringer mass

Frame mass

mf mf MSG MSN

3582.615581 kg 3351.283766 kg 18797.22172 kg 18797.22172

Eq 11f Eq 11f Eq 12a

al gross shell weight

t shell mass

outs reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows MSM 513.2210961 0 7.315 560.7314 836 20714.48922 87879.055 kg 293.76 kg 19697.7 kg 485.8570392 kg 1188.309023 kg 1876.824237 kg 1457.895673 kg 6230.981457 kg 600 140424.8716 kg Eq 13a Eq 13b Eq 13c Eq 13d Eq 13e Eq 13e Eq 13f Eq 13f Eq 13g kg kg kg kg kg Eq 12c Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12f

dified shell mass Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment

al mass of the fuselage

Tail unit structure mass MTU MTU 0 kg 7760.495694 kg Eq 14 Eq 17a

Undercarriage MUC 19731.44128 kg Eq 18

Powerplant structure 2185.87 kg

Fuel system 1867.541127 kg Fuel Residual fuel Kerosene Density Kerosene volume Hydrogen 1298.121137 177168 785 225.6917197 7093 kg kg kg/m3 m3 kg

Powerplants Fans Generators Turboshafts 2630 kg 4228.7 kg 15000 kg

Flight control system 4108.590479 kg

Fuel tanks 2256.917197 kg ? APU 1038.49691 kg

Hydraulics and pneumatics 2305.884684 kg

Electrics 14507.50313 kg

ECS Air conditioning, press, 02 4265 kg 1602.812171 kg

Total furnishings 32483.49642 kg

Equipment 300 kg

Radio, radar & navigation 170 kg

Miscellaneous Fire protections 1557.745364 kg 807.8125422 kg

Passengers and crew Passengers 75064 kg 352 kg 1936 kg

Baggages 26370 kg

CG location 44.7915879 m 0 Calculated mass 534564 kg Mass used for CG calculation 534563.7 kg

Chap. 2 Wing location Root chord LE loc TE loc

++++

80% wing mass at 45% y 80% mass location

++++ Chap. 3

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third 20% mass location

F Total body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass location

Chap. 4

Chap. 4

100% mass location

M Assumed at the TE location 100% mass location Chap. 5 Assumed at flight deck location 100% mass location

Chap. 6 100% mass location

Po

Assumed at the mid root chord 100% mass location residual kerosene LH2 100% mass location 100% mass location 100% mass location

Turbo 100% mass location

Assumed at TE location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Air-co anti-ic People 77352 kg Payload 103722 kg

100% mass location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Pai 100% mass location

Pas 100% mass location

100% mass location

from nose

LE cr

x y1 y 80% wing mass at 45% y

Wing structure CG 55 % 18 m 42.35 m 60.35 m 12.3564 6.3 11.7

of fuselage from nose from nose from nose

49066.93 kg 47.615 m

from nose

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third of root chord 12266.73 kg 51.65

Fuselage structure CG

body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass 65140.64 kg 42.35 m

from nose

100% mass

Tail Unit CG 7760.496 kg 68 m

from nose

Main Landing Gear CG 14931.85 kg 51.35 m from nose Nose Landing Gear CG 4799.594 kg 4m

med at the TE location 100% mass

med at flight deck location 100% mass

100% mass

Powerplant structure CG 2185.87 kg 69

Fuel system CG 1867.541 kg 51.35 m Fuel CG 1298.121 kg 51.35 m 177168 kg 51.35 m 7093 kg 51.35 m

med at the mid root chord 100% mass

from nose

100% mass 100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose from nose

100% mass

Turboshafts and generators CG 19228.7 kg 69 m from nose Fans CG

100% mass

2630 kg 60.35 m

from nose

100% mass

FCS CG 4108.59 kg 55.85 m

from nose

100% mass

Fuel tanks CG 2256.917 kg 51.35 m

from nose

100% mass

APU CG 1038.497 kg 76 m

from nose

Hydraulic system CG 100% mass 2305.885 kg 60.175 m Electric system CG 100% mass 14507.5 kg 38.5 m ECS CG 4265 kg 33.5 m 1602.812 kg 42.35 m Furnishings CG 32483.5 kg 33.5 m

from nose

from nose

100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose

100% mass

from nose

100% mass

Equipments CG 300 kg 3m

from nose

100% mass

Instruments CG 170 kg 4.12 m

from nose

100% mass

Paint & Fire protection CG 2365.558 kg 42.35 m from nose

100% mass

Passengers, pilots, crew CG 77352 kg 33.5 m from nose

100% mass

Baggages CG 26370 kg 20 m

from nose

Nose y (m) 0 0

Wing LE Wing TE 42.35 60.35 0 0

Aerocenter 44.03 46.27 0 0

TU 68 0

Rear 77 0

-1 0

-0.5

0.5

10

20

30

CG Wing

40

Nose

Rear TU 50 Aerocenter
NLG

MLG 60

70

80

90

MLG load moment arm NLG load moment arm

6.558412 0.138509 40.79159 0.861491

Considered large transport aircraft, subsonic, engines on the rear fuselage Mach number 0.85 Aspect ratio 7.482212 Cruise ceiling 45000 ft 13716 m ==> Temp P a Palyoad 90000 kg

-46.5 14746.45 0.226668 301.7957

C Pa Kg/m^3 m/s

Wing span Wing area LE sweep angle 1/4 chord sweep angle Thickness/chord at root Tip to root chords ratio Aircraft design mass Design diving speed Long range aircraft coeff

b S M N Vd C1 MAC

79.608 847 27.01509 22.50222 0.138889 0.25 534564 2.5 256.5264 0.028

m m2 kg m/s EAS -

11.2 m

Fuselage max length Fuselage max breadth Fuselage max height Shape factor Length from nose to parallel section Length from rear to parallel section Nose finenness ratio Rear fineness ratio Mean diameter c2 Allowable working stress

L B H Kf l l' fn ft D c2 f

77 9 5 0.785

m m m -

Shell surface area

12.41322 m 2.091382 1.773317 0.298769 7 0.9 -

Tail arm Pressure differential

LT k1 p k3

30 0.983869 0.66 0.12

m bar -

Skin mass

Stringer mass

Frame mass

Total gross shell weight Skin area removed Stringer area removed Frame area removed Eq wetted area of windscreen A1 A2 A3 Aw Aw Aw Aw Nw m2 m2 m2 8 m2 m2 2.09 m2 20.0276 m2 220 m2 Net shell mass Cutouts reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows Modified shell mass Cabin length Max number of seats Flight deck length Number of crew seats Freight bay length Number of rows of containers Bulkhead area lc Nb lf Nc lb k4 Ab 55 853 6 3 38.1 25 35.34292 m m m m2 Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment Total mass of the fuselage

Number of windows

Tail surface area

STU

m2

c3 NLG mass/MLG mass

0.038 0.243246

kerosene LH2

Air conditioning, press, 02 De-icing Average people mass Passengers Pilots Crew 88 853 4 22 kg -

Fire protections Paint

Passengers Pilots Crew

Guess

250874

Mw Mw Mw

Wing structure mass 62995 kg 37762 59968 kg

Eq 1 Eq 2 Eq 3

Shell surface area

Sf Sf

Fuselage structure mass 1616 m2 1462 m2

Eq 9a Eq 9b

Mf Mf Mf Mf

63806.52582 kg 72001.78637 kg 65140.63943 kg

Eq 10a Eq 10b Eq 10c Eq 10c

Skin mass

ms1 ms1 ms2

Breakdown 9055.42427 kg 8135.292289 kg 6159.181869 kg

Eq 11a Eq 11a Eq 11e

Stringer mass

Frame mass

mf mf MSG MSN

3582.615581 kg 3351.283766 kg 18797.22172 kg 18797.22172

Eq 11f Eq 11f Eq 12a

al gross shell weight

t shell mass

outs reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows MSM 513.2210961 0 7.315 560.7314 836 20714.48922 87879.055 kg 293.76 kg 19697.7 kg 485.8570392 kg 1222.768399 kg 1943.447161 kg 1500.778452 kg 6414.764796 kg 600 140752.6201 kg Eq 13a Eq 13b Eq 13c Eq 13d Eq 13e Eq 13e Eq 13f Eq 13f Eq 13g kg kg kg kg kg Eq 12c Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12f

dified shell mass Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment

al mass of the fuselage

Tail unit structure mass MTU MTU 0 kg 7950.008872 kg Eq 14 Eq 17a

Undercarriage MUC 20313.42185 kg Eq 18

Powerplant structure 2185.87 kg

Fuel system 1911.479291 kg Fuel Residual fuel Kerosene Density Kerosene volume Hydrogen 1336.409333 182288 785 232.2140127 7298 kg kg kg/m3 m3 kg

Powerplants Fans Generators Turboshafts 2630 kg 4228.7 kg 15000 kg

Flight control system 4205.25444 kg

Fuel tanks 2322.140127 kg ? APU 1069.127466 kg

Hydraulics and pneumatics 2339.643696 kg

Electrics 14827.25927 kg

ECS Air conditioning, press, 02 4265 kg 1635.76016 kg

Total furnishings 33636.58547 kg

Equipment 300 kg

Radio, radar & navigation 170 kg

Miscellaneous Fire protections 1603.691199 kg 807.8125422 kg

Passengers and crew Passengers 75064 kg 352 kg 1936 kg

Baggages 26370 kg

CG location 44.8481001 m 0 Calculated mass 544182 kg Mass used for CG calculation 544181.6 kg

Chap. 2 Wing location Root chord LE loc TE loc

++++

80% wing mass at 45% y 80% mass location

++++ Chap. 3

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third 20% mass location

F Total body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass location

Chap. 4

Chap. 4

100% mass location

M Assumed at the TE location 100% mass location Chap. 5 Assumed at flight deck location 100% mass location

Chap. 6 100% mass location

Po

Assumed at the mid root chord 100% mass location residual kerosene LH2 100% mass location 100% mass location 100% mass location

Turbo 100% mass location

Assumed at TE location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Air-co anti-ic People 77352 kg Payload 103722 kg

100% mass location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Pai 100% mass location

Pas 100% mass location

100% mass location

from nose

LE cr

x y1 y 80% wing mass at 45% y

Wing structure CG 55 % 18 m 42.35 m 60.35 m 12.3564 6.3 11.7

of fuselage from nose from nose from nose

50395.85 kg 47.615 m

from nose

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third of root chord 12598.96 kg 51.65

Fuselage structure CG

body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass 65140.64 kg 42.35 m

from nose

100% mass

Tail Unit CG 7950.009 kg 68 m

from nose

Main Landing Gear CG 15372.26 kg 51.35 m from nose Nose Landing Gear CG 4941.159 kg 4m

med at the TE location 100% mass

med at flight deck location 100% mass

100% mass

Powerplant structure CG 2185.87 kg 69

Fuel system CG 1911.479 kg 51.35 m Fuel CG 1336.409 kg 51.35 m 182288 kg 51.35 m 7298 kg 51.35 m

med at the mid root chord 100% mass

from nose

100% mass 100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose from nose

100% mass

Turboshafts and generators CG 19228.7 kg 69 m from nose Fans CG

100% mass

2630 kg 60.35 m

from nose

100% mass

FCS CG 4205.254 kg 55.85 m

from nose

100% mass

Fuel tanks CG 2322.14 kg 51.35 m

from nose

100% mass

APU CG 1069.127 kg 76 m

from nose

Hydraulic system CG 100% mass 2339.644 kg 60.175 m Electric system CG 100% mass 14827.26 kg 38.5 m ECS CG 4265 kg 33.5 m 1635.76 kg 42.35 m Furnishings CG 33636.59 kg 33.5 m

from nose

from nose

100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose

100% mass

from nose

100% mass

Equipments CG 300 kg 3m

from nose

100% mass

Instruments CG 170 kg 4.12 m

from nose

100% mass

Paint & Fire protection CG 2411.504 kg 42.35 m from nose

100% mass

Passengers, pilots, crew CG 77352 kg 33.5 m from nose

100% mass

Baggages CG 26370 kg 20 m

from nose

Nose y (m) 0 0

Wing LE Wing TE 42.35 60.35 0 0

Aerocenter 44.03 46.27 0 0

TU 68 0

Rear 77 0

-1 0

-0.5

0.5

10

20

30

CG Wing

40

Nose

Rear TU 50 Aerocenter
NLG

MLG 60

70

80

90

MLG load moment 6.50189992 arm 0.137315732 NLG load moment 40.84810008 arm 0.862684268

Considered large transport aircraft, subsonic, engines on the rear fuselage Mach number 0.85 Aspect ratio 7.352011 Cruise ceiling 45000 ft 13716 m ==> Temp P a Palyoad 90000 kg

-46.5 14746.45 0.226668 301.7957

C Pa Kg/m^3 m/s

Wing span Wing area LE sweep angle 1/4 chord sweep angle Thickness/chord at root Tip to root chords ratio Aircraft design mass Design diving speed Long range aircraft coeff

b S M N Vd C1 MAC

79.608 862 27.01509 22.50222 0.138889 0.25 544182 2.5 256.5264 0.028

m m2 kg m/s EAS -

11.2 m

Fuselage max length Fuselage max breadth Fuselage max height Shape factor Length from nose to parallel section Length from rear to parallel section Nose finenness ratio Rear fineness ratio Mean diameter c2 Allowable working stress

L B H Kf l l' fn ft D c2 f

77 9 5 0.785

m m m -

Shell surface area

12.41322 m 2.091382 1.773317 0.298769 7 0.9 -

Tail arm Pressure differential

LT k1 p k3

30 0.983869 0.66 0.12

m bar -

Skin mass

Stringer mass

Frame mass

Total gross shell weight Skin area removed Stringer area removed Frame area removed Eq wetted area of windscreen A1 A2 A3 Aw Aw Aw Aw Nw m2 m2 m2 8 m2 m2 2.09 m2 20.0276 m2 220 m2 Net shell mass Cutouts reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows Modified shell mass Cabin length Max number of seats Flight deck length Number of crew seats Freight bay length Number of rows of containers Bulkhead area lc Nb lf Nc lb k4 Ab 55 853 6 3 38.1 25 35.34292 m m m m2 Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment Total mass of the fuselage

Number of windows

Tail surface area

STU

m2

c3 NLG mass/MLG mass

0.038 0.243246

kerosene LH2

Air conditioning, press, 02 De-icing Average people mass Passengers Pilots Crew 88 853 4 22 kg -

Fire protections Paint

Passengers Pilots Crew

Guess

OEW 253538 kg

Mw Mw Mw

Wing structure mass 64003 kg 38475 61156 kg

Eq 1 Eq 2 Eq 3

Shell surface area

Sf Sf

Fuselage structure mass 1616 m2 1462 m2

Eq 9a Eq 9b

Mf Mf Mf Mf

65326.24142 kg 72001.78637 kg 65140.63943 kg

Eq 10a Eq 10b Eq 10c Eq 10c

Skin mass

ms1 ms1 ms2

Breakdown 9055.42427 kg 8135.292289 kg 6159.181869 kg

Eq 11a Eq 11a Eq 11e

Stringer mass

Frame mass

mf mf MSG MSN

3582.615581 kg 3351.283766 kg 18797.22172 kg 18797.22172

Eq 11f Eq 11f Eq 12a

al gross shell weight

t shell mass

outs reinforcement Windscreen Undercarriage Passenger doors Freight doors Windows MSM 513.2210961 0 7.315 560.7314 836 20714.48922 87879.055 kg 293.76 kg 19697.7 kg 485.8570392 kg 1244.408632 kg 1985.482143 kg 1527.70852 kg 6530.179372 kg 600 140958.6399 kg Eq 13a Eq 13b Eq 13c Eq 13d Eq 13e Eq 13e Eq 13f Eq 13f Eq 13g kg kg kg kg kg Eq 12c Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12e Eq 12f

dified shell mass Pax floor Flight deck floor Freight bay floor Pressure bulkhead Wing attachment Conv tail attach' NLG attachment MLG attachment Engine attachment

al mass of the fuselage

Tail unit structure mass MTU MTU 0 kg 8068.549047 kg Eq 14 Eq 17a

Undercarriage MUC 20678.90134 kg Eq 18

Powerplant structure 2185.87 kg

Fuel system 1938.943241 kg Fuel Residual fuel Kerosene Density Kerosene volume Hydrogen 1360.454036 185702 785 236.5630573 7435 kg kg kg/m3 m3 kg

Powerplants Fans Generators Turboshafts 2630 kg 4228.7 kg 15000 kg

Flight control system 4265.67513 kg

Fuel tanks 2365.630573 kg ? APU 1088.363229 kg

Hydraulics and pneumatics 2360.597325 kg

Electrics 15026.89189 kg

ECS Air conditioning, press, 02 4265 kg 1656.30643 kg

Total furnishings 34364.11402 kg

Equipment 300 kg

Radio, radar & navigation 170 kg

Miscellaneous Fire protections 1632.544843 kg 807.8125422 kg

Passengers and crew Passengers 75064 kg 352 kg 1936 kg

Baggages 26370 kg

CG location 44.8847244 m 0 Calculated mass 550397 kg Mass used for CG calculation 550396.8 kg

Chap. 2 Wing location Root chord LE loc TE loc

++++

80% wing mass at 45% y 80% mass location

++++ Chap. 3

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third 20% mass location

F Total body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass location

Chap. 4

Chap. 4

100% mass location

M Assumed at the TE location 100% mass location Chap. 5 Assumed at flight deck location 100% mass location

Chap. 6 100% mass location

Po

Assumed at the mid root chord 100% mass location residual kerosene LH2 100% mass location 100% mass location 100% mass location

Turbo 100% mass location

Assumed at TE location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Air-co anti-ic People 77352 kg Payload 103722 kg

100% mass location 100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

100% mass location

Pai 100% mass location

Pas 100% mass location

100% mass location

from nose

LE cr

x y1 y 80% wing mass at 45% y

Wing structure CG 55 % 18 m 42.35 m 60.35 m 12.3564 6.3 11.7

of fuselage from nose from nose from nose

51202.22 kg 47.615 m

from nose

20% wing mass at 55% of 2nd third of root chord 12800.55 kg 51.65

Fuselage structure CG

body weight at 55% length from nose 100% mass 65140.64 kg 42.35 m

from nose

100% mass

Tail Unit CG 8068.549 kg 68 m

from nose

Main Landing Gear CG 15648.84 kg 51.35 m from nose Nose Landing Gear CG 5030.06 kg 4m

med at the TE location 100% mass

med at flight deck location 100% mass

100% mass

Powerplant structure CG 2185.87 kg 69

Fuel system CG 1938.943 kg 51.35 m Fuel CG 1360.454 kg 51.35 m 185702 kg 51.35 m 7435 kg 51.35 m

med at the mid root chord 100% mass

from nose

100% mass 100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose from nose

100% mass

Turboshafts and generators CG 19228.7 kg 69 m from nose Fans CG

100% mass

2630 kg 60.35 m

from nose

100% mass

FCS CG 4265.675 kg 55.85 m

from nose

100% mass

Fuel tanks CG 2365.631 kg 51.35 m

from nose

100% mass

APU CG 1088.363 kg 76 m

from nose

Hydraulic system CG 100% mass 2360.597 kg 60.175 m Electric system CG 100% mass 15026.89 kg 38.5 m ECS CG 4265 kg 33.5 m 1656.306 kg 42.35 m Furnishings CG 34364.11 kg 33.5 m

from nose

from nose

100% mass 100% mass

from nose from nose

100% mass

from nose

100% mass

Equipments CG 300 kg 3m

from nose

100% mass

Instruments CG 170 kg 4.12 m

from nose

100% mass

Paint & Fire protection CG 2440.357 kg 42.35 m from nose

100% mass

Passengers, pilots, crew CG 77352 kg 33.5 m from nose

100% mass

Baggages CG 26370 kg 20 m

from nose

Nose y (m) 0 0

Wing LE Wing TE 42.35 60.35 0 0

Aerocenter 44.03 46.27 0 0

TU 68 0

Rear 77 0

-1 0

-0.5

0.5

10

20

30

CG

Nose Rear TU

40

Aerocenter NLG MLG

50

60

70

MLG load moment 6.465275614 arm 0.136542252 NLG load moment 40.88472439 arm 0.863457748

Fans Powerplant Systems Structure OEW MTOW 160077 253538 550397

0 1 2 3 4 5

450000 494677 519248 534564 544182 550397

600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 MTOW (kg) 200,000 100,000 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 Iteration