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Thesis Statement: Definition of Terms Informal Settler/Squatter - a person who settles on land or occupies property without title, right, or payment of rent. -A "squatter" (in The Concise Oxford Dictionary) is a person who settles on new especially public land without title; a person who takes unauthorized possession of unoccupied premises 1. Kinds of Squatters 1. The really poor ones, mostly immigrants from provinces who tests their faith in the city, or other long time squatters who do not have enough income everyday, to give their families. 2. The professional squatters are those who make squatting their means of livelihood. 3. The syndicate squatters. There is a syndicate behind every squatter colony. I. A. History of Squatter Areas in Metro Manila When? 1. World- As early as Ancient Rome 2. Philippines- Spanish Era Introduction of the Encomienda system Why? 1. Internal reasons Lack of collateral assets; lack of savings and other financial assets; daily wage/low-income jobs External reasons High cost of land and other housing services; apathy and anti-pathy on the part of the government to assist them; high "acceptable" building standards and rules and regulations; loopsided planning and zoning legislation. Why it persists

B. a. b. c. . a. b. c.

. The squatter problem in the Philippines has been made complicated by misguided Filipinos who think that it is the Philippine governments sole responsibility to provide housing, education and health for them. Not only is this notion unsustainable, it is an unfair burden on taxpayers. a. b. c. d. II. Lack of Urban Planning. Weak and inconsistent implementation of existing laws. Job and resource concentration Persistence of poverty itself

Current condition of Squatter Areas A. Effects to the dwellers 1. They are always vulnerable to calamities because of their unstrategic 2. Health Issues - Propagation of diseases


B. Effects to a wider scale (nation)

1. Many government or even private establishment projects are being hindered in progressing

because of the existence of informal settlers.

2. Environmental deterioration 3. Population growth in these areas increase vehicular requirements and greater traffic congestion


Pros (if any) and Cons of Squatter Areas

IV. A.

Accounts/thoughts of Families Living in Squatter Areas Psychology on Available Lands (from Phil. history)

B. They always thought that living in a city will automatically improve their economic status, because many job opportunities are available. C. They always thought that living in a city is always better even if they only have blue-collared jobs, like carpentry, driving, barking etc., than farming in their provinces. Reaping rice that do not even belong to them, belong to tyrant landowners who doesnt plan on giving back the lands to the farmers.

V. .

Accounts/thoughts of Filipino citizens Unfair to tax payers 1. They have no concern or respect for the rights or property of others and have total disregard for the environment and welfare of other people. - (

Squatters indiscriminately dump waste onto Manilas waterways. - (

VI. .

Actions of Government Established Laws 1. Republic Act No. 7279 Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 - Also known as the Lina Law 2. Presidential Decree No. 772 Penalizing Squatting and Other Similar Acts Ferdinand E. Marcos Squatting and other similar acts is a crime


Republic Act No. 8368 Anti-Squatting Law Repeal Act of 1997

A. Successes 1. Relocation a. The Philippine government plans to move about 100,000 squatters from their homes on crucial waterways in Manila by June 2013 as a flood control measure and for their own safety. In recent months, squatter communities have violently resisted relocation efforts but Francisco said those on the waterways realized they had to move.

b. Informal settlers vacate San Juan river homes- Aug. 5, 2013: The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) said a total of 87 families had already moved in to their new homes in San Jose del Monte Heights as of August 6, 2013. c. The relocation of informal settler families from Metro Manilas waterways will start at the San Juan River and Tullahan River and will cover families in San Juan, Quezon City, Caloocan, Malabon and Valenzuela, according to DSWD. Martin Perfecto, DSWD focal person in charge of the relocation project, said the process will start with validation of informal settler families living within the three-meter easement of the waterways. He also said that the DSWD has the technical capability to implement the registration of the families with biometrics system . Failures Relocation a. Bill for humane eviction of informal settlers welcomed- Aug. 7, 2013 b. Pasay starts clearing slums for Naia Expressway- Aug. 16, 2013 c. North Triangle residents in Quezon City set up their barricades in anticipation of a possible demolition of their homes. Agham road project 2. a. b. Only temporary solutions sweeping it under the rug subsidizing informal settlers relocation to unsustainable environments c. covering the settlements with glamorous walls and paint jobs, Metro Gwapo C. Issues/Controversies Professional squatting syndicates - pautang for construction material - illegal water and electricity connections - organize and lead resistance efforts - sell or rent-out government housing Politicians subsidizing the settlers because they are a valuable and huge voting force VII Conclusion, Possible Solutions + Critique A. B. C. D. Agricultural Technology for the Provinces More Job opportunities in more dispersed and varied locations Stricter implementation of the law Reform Urbanization

Sources: ** BjYiy9fKln_HICOgc_6_E0k7fE6pPKbpLv8N3Jn1mji6Q&inline=1&ext=1380645952&hash=ASs84SikHWg uXGsx

**,-not-just-relocation,000-squatters blog post) former-senator