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Greater transparency, accountability, and public par- • Securing Federal systems and national informa-
ticipation are central to the President’s open Government tion infrastructure against natural and malicious
agenda. These principles will allow the American people threats;
to have a stronger role in how their Government address-
es the challenges we confront as a Nation. New technol- • Saving taxpayer dollars by improving the IT invest-
ogy has the potential to drive innovation in Government ment planning process through leveraging invest-
by making it possible to connect Government employees ments for wider use across Federal agencies, elimi-
to one another and to the American people, thereby en- nating duplicative and poorly managed projects, and
abling the sharing of information and expertise, and the streamlining IT procurement.
solving of problems in new and more effective ways.
The 2010 Budget reflects the growing responsibilities
The President’s Budget invests resources to support for Federal IT management. Leadership for IT manage-
these goals, coordinated with policies that emphasize ment is assigned to the Federal Chief Information Officer
sound investments of taxpayer dollars, assure informa- (CIO) in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
tion security, and protect individual privacy. As such, The history of this position goes back to the Information
Federal information policies will focus on: Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 (Clinger-
Cohen Act), which created Federal department and agen-
• Fulfilling the President’s pledge for a more trans- cy chief information officers to plan and manage agency
parent, participatory, and collaborative Government information resources and better achieve program mis-
through the adoption of innovative web 2.0 technolo- sions. The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, Federal
gies; Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA),
E-Government Act of 2002, and the Federal Funding
• Modernizing and improving the effectiveness of Gov- Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (FFATA) all
ernment services through the adoption of modern in- contribute to the requirements for managing Federal IT.
formation technology (IT) systems;


Transparency—The Administration is dedicated to recipients of funding accountable for performance, and

making more Federal data available to the public in more use the resulting information to create value for them-
usable forms. To further this priority, selves and others.
is being reoriented, and the initiative will be The Federal CIO Council is creating Data.
launched. gov, an online repository for access to Government data On his first full day in office, the (not otherwise subject to valid privacy, security, or privi-
President issued a memorandum to the heads of Federal lege restrictions, consistent with Federal law). Through
agencies emphasizing that greater openness and transpar- information presented in downloadable formats on top-
ency is critical to strengthening our democracy and pro- ics such as the environment, energy, health care, and the
moting efficiency and effectiveness in Government. Full operations of Government, has the potential to
implementation of the Federal Funding Accountability drive innovation in the public and private sector. Just as
and Transparency Act of 2006 (“Transparency Act”) is a Internet mapping industries developed from the release
cornerstone of these efforts, and the Administration is of public geographic locational information, data trans-
committed to achieving the Act’s goals. parency can spur economic, scientific, and educational
At, citizens will be able to see how, innovation.
when, with whom, and on what the Government is spend- The American Recovery and Reinvestment
ing taxpayer funds, and whether or not that money is de- Act (Recovery Act) is an extraordinary effort to jumpstart
livering results. Visitors to the site will be able to down- our economy, create and save millions of jobs, and put a
load data and related information from down payment on addressing long-neglected challenges
to combine into different data sets, conduct analysis and so the country can thrive. To give the public a thorough
research, or power new information-based products and understanding of how and where Recovery Act funds are
businesses. In sum, citizens will be able to track spending invested, the Act itself provides for unprecedented levels
and results, participate in holding the Government and of transparency and accountability so that citizens will


be able to know how, when, and where their tax dollars tion, the Federal IT agenda is focused on helping agen-
are being spent. is the main vehicle for cies use developing technologies to inform the work of
that transparency, giving people the tools to monitor the Government.
progress of the Recovery Act, track contracts and Federal Web 2.0 in Government. Agencies will be called upon
grants to an unprecedented degree, and provide feed- to take creative action in developing new approaches to
back on the status and results of those investments at citizen involvement, including the utilization of social
the community level. At the continually evolving website, and visual technologies, such as Web 2.0 tools. Existing
citizens have the opportunity to download program data Government websites need to be revitalized with com-
and related information, conduct analysis and research, munity-driven features and functionality. Opportunities
or power new information-based products and businesses. for engagement can be developed through context-driven
Participation and Collaboration—The Administration tools that push opportunities for participation to people
believes that public engagement enhances the on the websites and in other daily contexts. This will en-
Government’s effectiveness and improves the quality of able interactions and applications that were never before
its decisions. Knowledge is widely dispersed throughout possible. Through social media, individuals will be able
society, and the Nation benefits when all levels of gov- to increase collaboration on web content to create, orga-
ernment have access to that dispersed knowledge. To of- nize, edit or comment, combine, and share information us-
fer Americans increased opportunities to participate in ing Web 2.0 technologies and forms, including syndicated
policymaking and to provide their Government with the web feeds, video-sharing, podcasts, social networking and
benefits of the public’s collective expertise and informa- bookmarking, widgets, virtual worlds, and micro-blogs.1


Government IT Workforce—With rapid advances in and expertise to bear on how Federal IT systems are de-
IT, improved program performance depends heavily on signed and managed
those who manage the IT projects. Qualified project man- Securing Government Systems—As the Federal
agers and an IT workforce with the necessary competen- Information Security Management Act of 2002 enters its
cies are needed for agency investments to be well planned seventh year, it is clear that agencies and departments
and managed. In 2009, an IT Workforce Assessment are not yet secure. The Government Accountability Office
Survey will be developed from which a gap analysis will (GAO) continues to find security weaknesses at agen-
evolve, and agencies can adjust plans to improve their cies.2 The Nation cannot continue to ignore this threat.
workforce staffing and skills. The table below provides a In response, the President initiated a 60-day review of the
summary of the latest available data on agency progress plans, programs, and activities underway throughout the
toward hiring goals. Government that address our communications and infor-
Policies in agencies seeking to increase the assignment mation infrastructure. The purpose of the review is to de-
of qualified project managers to major IT investments con- velop a strategic framework to integrate, resource, and co-
tinue to be in effect. In the 2009 Budget, as reported on ordinate initiatives in this area both within the Executive
agencies’ Exhibit 53 IT spending summaries, 88 percent Branch and with Congress and the private sector.
of major IT investments have qualified project managers, OMB will work with agencies, IGs, CIOs, Senior Agency
an increase from approximately 83 percent in the prior Officials for Privacy, GAO, and the Congress to strength-
year. Going forward, agency performance in addressing en the Federal Government’s IT security and privacy
skill gaps will continue to be important contributors to the programs. As part of those activities, OMB will:
success of Federal IT investments, meaning that recruit-
ment and training will need to be enhanced, through en- Review Agency Business Cases. Part 7 (Exhibit 300)
hancements in IT systems and programs of recruitment, of OMB Circular A-11 requires agencies to submit
innovative and flexible training arrangements, and other a Capital Asset Plan and Business Case Justifica-
programs addressing the need to bring the best IT ideas tion for major information technology investments.
In their justification, agencies must answer a series
of security questions and describe how the invest-
Table 9–1. THe Federal iT workForce ment meets the requirements of the FISMA, OMB
Positions Filled policy, and NIST guidelines. The justifications are
30-Jun-08 Current
then evaluated against specific criteria to determine
whether the system’s cyber-security, planned or in
Enterprise Architecture ���������������������������������������������� 1,670 1,673 place, is appropriate.
Solutions Architecture ������������������������������������������������ 1,472 1,457

IT Security ����������������������������������������������������������������� 8,449 8,407

1 See Godwin, Bev, “Matrix of Web 2.0 Technology and Government,”
IT Project Management ��������������������������������������������� 6,061 6,248 and Web Best Practices, GSA Office of Citizen Services,
Total ..................................................................... 17,652 17,785 2 GAO, High Risk Update, GAO-08-271.