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Materials System Specification

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids Custody Measurement Standards Committee Members
Fadhl, Khalid Ahmed, Chairman Roumi, Sulaiman Hamad, Vice Chairman Awami, Luay Hussain Bakhsh, Abduljalil Hamed Britton, Richard Leo Far, Husain Salah Grainger, John Francis Hijji, Abdullah Saleh Jumah, Yousif Ahmed Khan, Farooq Saeed Louisse, Mart Marri, Saeed Mohammad Othman, Fahad Adel Rockwell Jr., William Allen Sanna'a, Zaki Abbas Shaikh Jaffar, Abdullah Mohammed Torairi, Mohammed Saleh Trembley, Robert James

2 May 2009

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Scope............................................................. 2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2 References..................................................... 2 Definitions....................................................... 4 General Requirements................................... 5 General Design Requirements....................... 8 Redundancy................................................. 24 Sampler........................................................ 25 Shipping Requirements................................ 25 Documentation............................................. 26 Testing.......................................................... 27

Miscellaneous Reports & Appendix.................... 28


Previous Issue: 6 September 2008 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Primary contact: Mohammed Salim on 966-3-874-7958
CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2009. All rights reserved.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Scope This specification, together with instrument specification sheet and purchase requisition, defines the minimum requirements for flow computers in royalty/custody transfer measurement applications for hydrocarbon liquids.

Conflicts and Deviations 2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs), Standard Drawings, (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran. Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran. Direct all requests for interpretation of this specification in writing to the Company or Buyer Representative who shall forward them to the Chairman, Custody Measurement Standards Committee for resolution. The Chairman, Custody Measurement Standards Committee shall be solely responsible for determining whether a proposed installation meets the requirements of this specification.

2.2

2.3

References Material or equipment supplied to this specification shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted. 3.1 Saudi Aramco References Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard SAES-A-112 Meteorological and Seismic Design Data

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Saudi Aramco Forms and Data Sheets SA-8020-841-ENG ISS-Flow Computer for Custody Transfer of Hydrocarbon Liquids

3.2

Industry Codes and Standards Electronic Industries Association EIA/TIA-232-E Interface between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Circuit-Terminating Equipment Employing Serial Binary Data Interchange Electrical Characteristics of Balanced Voltage Digital Interface Circuits Electrical Characteristics of Generators and Receivers for use in Balanced Digital Multipoint Systems

EIA RS-422-A EIA RS-485

American National Standards Institute/Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers ANSI/IEEE 802.3 Supplement to ISO/IEC 8802-3, Local and Metropolitan Area Networks Section 13 & 14

National Electrical Manufacturers Association NEMA ICS 6 NEMA 250 Enclosures for Industrial Controls and Systems Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts Maximum)

American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM D1250-52 ASTM D1250-80 ASTM Petroleum Measurement Tables ASTM Petroleum Measurement Tables

International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 61000-3-2(2000) IEC 61000-3-3(2000) IEC 61000-4-3(2000) Electromagnetic Compatibility Part 3 Section 2Limits for Harmonic Current Emissions Electromagnetic Compatibility Part 3 Section 3Limitations of Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker Electromagnetic compatibility Part 4 Section 3Radiated, Radio-Frequency, Electromagnetic Field Immunity Test Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosures
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IEC 60529 (IP Code)

Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization CENELEC EN 50018 CENELEC EN 50019 Electrical Apparatus for Potentially Explosive Atmospheres - Flameproof Enclosure 'D' Electrical Apparatus for Potentially Explosive Atmospheres - Increased Safety 'E'

National Fire Protection Association NFPA 70 National Electrical Code (NEC)

API Manual of Petroleum Measurements Standards (MPMS) Chapter 1 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 21 Vocabulary Proving Systems Metering Physical Properties Data Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Flow Measurement Using Electronic Metering Systems

Definitions Batch: A parcel of a single petroleum liquid consigned separately in a pipeline. The batch may contain several tickets. Custody Transfer Measurement: A specialized form of measurement that provides quantity and quality information used for the physical and fiscal documentation of a change in ownership and/or responsibility of commodities. The following measurements are custody transfer measurements: Measurement of hydrocarbon liquid or gas movements (deliveries or receipts) between Saudi Aramco and its customers, suppliers, or transport contractors. Measurement of hydrocarbon liquid or gas transfers between Saudi Aramco refineries, fractionation plants, bulk plants, terminals, pipelines, VELA ships, etc. where the measurement is used for accounting or loss control.

Flow Computer: A dedicated off-the-shelf electronic device specifically designed for calculating and totaling metered volumes, and/or calculating meter factors during meter proving for one or more meters. Redundant Devices: Two identical devices that operate in an interchangeable primary/secondary arrangement in which the functions of the primary device are
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duplicated in the secondary and are automatically transferred to the secondary if the primary fails without the intervention of a third device. Royalty Measurement: A specialized form of measurement that is used as the basis for paying royalty to the Saudi Arabian Government. Ticket: A document specifying the quantity and quality of hydrocarbon measured using a meter or tank. Vendor: The party that supplies or sells integrated metering systems, metering equipment, or components. 5 General Requirements The flow computer shall be labeled per the tag provided on the Instrumentation Specification Sheet SA-8020-841-ENG. 5.1 Environmental Conditions 5.1.1 Indoors (Air Conditioned Buildings) The flow computer installed indoors shall be designed to operate during prolonged failure of the air conditioning system at an ambient temperature of 35C and relative humidity of 20% to 80%, noncondensing. 5.1.2 Temperature The flow computer shall operate continuously under the following ambient air temperatures without any degradation of the manufacturer's guaranteed performance:
Indoor Air (2) Conditioned 35C (95F) 10C (50F) Outdoor (1)(2) Sheltered 55C (131F) 0C (32F) Outdoor (2) Unsheltered 65C (149F) 0C (32F)

Maximum Minimum

Notes: 1) "Sheltered" refers to permanent, ventilated enclosures or buildings, or permanently fixed sunshades with a top and three sides. 2) For instruments which dissipate internal heat and are installed in custom engineered enclosures (e.g., enclosures not included in the original manufacturer's temperature certification), an additional 15C shall be added to the above maximum temperatures. An example, for "indoor air conditioned" installation, the equipment must perform at 35 + 15 = 50C. Similarly, for the "outdoor unsheltered" case, the equipment shall be designed for a maximum operating

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013
temperature of 65 + 15 = 80C.

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

5.1.3

Ambient Air Quality The flow computer shall be protected from airborne contaminants as specified in SAES-A-112, paragraph 4.7, to prevent corrosion and operational failure.

5.1.4

Offshore and Nearshore Environment If the flow computer is not enclosed or hermetically sealed, but is situated offshore or nearshore shall be protected against failure due to windborne seawater spray and the accumulation of wetted salt (NaCl).

5.2

Electrical Area Classification 5.2.1 The vendor shall be responsible for furnishing the flow computer that meets the area classification as specified in the Instrument Specification Sheet SA-8020-841-ENG or purchase requisition. Certification All Electrical equipment intended for operation in locations classified under the requirements of NFPA 70, Article 500, shall be listed or labeled by any of the agencies listed in Appendix 1. Equipment certified by authorities not listed in Appendix 1 may be used with prior approval of the Supervisor, Instrumentation Unit, Process Instrumentation Division, P&CSD.

5.2.2

5.3

Enclosures The flow computer enclosure shall conform to NEMA ICS 6, NEMA 250, or IEC 60529. Enclosures not required to be explosion proof, shall be specified as NEMA 4.

5.4

Electrical Requirements Unless specified otherwise on Instrument Specification Sheet SA-8020-841ENG, the flow computer shall meet the following requirements: 5.4.1 Voltage and Frequency Variations The AC/DC power supply requirement for the flow computer shall be per the Instrument Specification Sheet SA-8020-841-ENG.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

The flow computer shall be suitable for operation and interface to any devices within the specified voltage variations as given in Table 1. Table 1 Supply Voltages
System/Device Field switch contacts Analog signal (loop power) Instrumentation power Nominal 24 VDC 125 VDC 120 VAC, 60 2 Hz 24 VDC (4-20 mA)/1-5V 24 VDC 120 VAC, 60 2 Hz Supply Voltage Tolerance 21 - 28 VDC 113 - 137 VDC 110 - 126 VAC 21 28 VDC 21 - 28 VDC 110 - 126 VAC NEC Class 1 or 2 1 or 3 1 or 3 1 or 2 1 or 2 1 or 3

5.4.2 5.4.3 5.4.4

Supplies to DC instrument loads: Voltage stabilization shall be provided to maintain the output voltage within tolerable limits of the loads served. A plainly marked, easily accessible equipment enclosure grounding connection shall be provided. External wiring connections shall be to screw-type terminal blocks or channel (rail) mounted, strip-type terminal blocks, with tubular box clamp connector and compression bar or yoke.

5.5

Conformal Coating Printed circuit boards and embedded components used within the flow computer shall be coated with a solderable clear coating, Humiseal or equivalent. PCB edge connectors shall be gold plated.

5.6

Electromagnetic Compatibility and Electromagnetic Immunity Electrical and electronic equipment shall carry the EC conformity mark ("CE") designating compliance with European EMC Directive 89/336/EEC. A conformance certificate from an authorized agency stating the equipment is immune to electromagnetic interference, electrostatic discharge, radio frequency interference, surge and fast transients, voltage dips and interruptions at Performance Level A in accordance with IEC 61000-6-2. The certificate must confirm the equipment is immune to radiated, radio frequency and electromagnetic emissions in accordance with IEC 61000-4-3 using Test Level 3.

5.7

Vendor Responsibility The vendor shall guarantee to support all system hardware, firmware, and software with spare parts and services for a period of five (5) years from the system delivery date or as defined in the contract or purchase order. This
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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

support shall not be contingent on the customer upgrading to later releases of software or hardware unless this upgrade is supplied at no additional cost. The vendor shall notify Saudi Aramco of product termination at least 3 years before the product is removed or discontinued from service, support and/or production. 5.8 Units of Measurement The units of measure for the flow computer will be specified on Instrument Specification Sheet SA-8020-841-ENG, and shall be either the U.S. Customary (USC) or metric (SI) system of units used for the custody transfer measurement:
Item Mass Volume Temperature Pressure Density Flow Metric (SI) Kilograms, Metric Tons Cubic Meters, Liters Degrees Celsius (C) Kilopascals Gauge [kPa (ga)] Kilograms per Liter, Kilograms per Cubic Meter Cubic Meters per Hour U.S. Customary (USC) Long Tons Barrels, U.S. Gallons Degrees Fahrenheit (F) Pounds per Square Inch Gauge (psig) Degrees API, Relative Density (Specific Gravity) Barrels per Hour

5.9

Reference Conditions All observed liquid volumes shall be corrected to the reference temperature and pressure appropriate for the system of units.
Item Reference Temperature Metric (SI) 15C 101.325 kPa (abs) (0 kPa (ga)) or Equilibrium Vapor Pressure at Operating Temperature, Whichever is Greater U.S. Customary (USC) 60F 14.696 psia (0 psig) or Equilibrium Vapor Pressure at Operating Temperature, Whichever is Greater

Reference Pressure

General Design Requirements 6.1 Volume Correction Factors The flow computer shall be capable to perform liquid calculations per the following tables for the liquids specified in the ISS.

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Correction

Commodity
Crude Oil JP4 Gasoline, Jet A1, JP5, JP8, Kerosene, Diesel, Fuel Oil Naphtha Lube Oils, Lube Oil Blending Stocks Natural Gasoline Butane, Propane, NGL NGL (C2+) NGL (C3+ to C5+) NGL (C6+) Crude Oil JP4 Gasoline, Jet A1, JP5, JP8, Kerosene, Diesel, Fuel Oil Naphtha Lube Oils, Lube Oil Blending Stocks Natural Gasoline Butane, Propane, NGL NGL (C2+) NGL (C3+ to C5+) NGL (C6+) Crude Oil JP4 Gasoline, Jet A1, JP5, JP8, Kerosene, Diesel, Fuel Oil Naphtha Lube Oils & Lube Oil Blending Stocks Natural Gasoline Butane, Propane, NGL NGL (C2+) NGL (C3+ to C5+) NGL (C6+)

Metric (SI)
ASTM D1250-04
1

U.S. Customary (USC)


ASTM D1250-52 Table 5 ASTM D1250-041 ASTM D1250-042 ASTM D1250-042 ASTM D1250-043 ASTM D1250-52 Table 23 ASTM D1250-52 Table 23 GPA TP-25 Table 23E ASTM D1250-52 Table 23 ASTM D1250-52 Table 5 ASTM D1250-52 Table 6

ASTM D1250-042

Observed Density to Density at Reference Temperature

ASTM D1250-04

ASTM D1250-041 ASTM D1250-042 ASTM D1250-042 ASTM D1250-043 ASTM D1250-52 Table 24 ASTM D1250-52 Table 24 GPA TP-25 Table 24E ASTM D1250-52 Table 24 ASTM D1250-52 Table 6 ASTM D1250-041

ASTM D1250-042

Volume at Observed Temperature to Volume at Reference Temperature

ASTM D1250-04

ASTM D1250-041 ASTM D1250-042 ASTM D1250-042 ASTM D1250-043 ASTM D1250-041 API MPMS 11.2.2 & Addendum API MPMS 11.2.2 & Addendum API MPMS 11.2.2 & Addendum ASTM D1250-041

ASTM D1250-042

Volume at Observed Pressure to Volume at Reference Pressure

1 2

Generalized Crude Oils Commodity Group Generalized Refined Products Commodity Group 3 Generalized Lubricating Oils Commodity Group

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Commentary Note: The product commonly referred to as "Naphtha" at Yanbu Gas Plant is considered to be "Natural Gasoline" for measurement purposes.

A look-up table shall be used whenever ASTM D1250-52 is specified. A computer algorithm and its implementation procedures shall be used whenever ASTM D1250-04 is specified. A mathematical model shall be used when API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 11.2.2 is specified. 6.2 Hardware The flow computer shall have a date and time clock that can be set locally through the front panel or downloaded via the communication link. The clock shall have battery backup. The clock shall be capable of being synchronized by a host system. The flow computer shall be equipped with battery supported RAM, certified EEx ia, to safeguard start after minimum 1 year power off. 6.2.1 Frequency Inputs Each flow computer shall have two pulse inputs from (normally designated A & B) Pre-amps for each assigned meter. The flow computer shall be capable of handling at minimum from 0 up to 5 KHz at its input. The total number of pulse inputs required in the flow computer shall be specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet SA-8020-841-ENG. As specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet SA-8020-841-ENG, the flow computer shall be capable of accepting a frequency input from a density meter. Inputs shall be protected from transients and over voltages. 6.2.2 Analog Inputs Analog inputs shall be 4-20 mA or selectable to be 4-20 mA or 1-5V. Each flow computer shall have the following analog inputs as minimum: Temperature for each assigned meter Pressure for each assigned meter Prover temperature
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Prover pressure Observed density (when required) Density temperature (when required) Density pressure (when required)

Each flow computer shall be capable of accepting temperature inputs from either 3 or 4 wire platinum RTDs and temperature transmitters. It shall be possible to individually calibrate each analog input channel on the flow computer. Analog inputs shall be protected from transients and over voltages. A/D conversion shall be 14 bits minimum. 6.2.3 Discrete Inputs The flow computer shall have the following discrete inputs as minimum: Prover 4-way/Interchange valve differential pressure switch. Prover detector switches (2 or 4 switches). Prover 4-way status indication. Prover line-up status Prover seal Watchdog status from opposite flow computer (panel mount). Master/Slave status inputs. No/low slip stream flow for density meter.

The prover detector switch input shall activate a high-speed pulse counter which is dedicated to the proving function. Signals from prover detectors shall be read as interrupts. 6.2.4 Analog Outputs Analog outputs shall be 4-20 mA or selectable to be 4-20 mA or 1-5V. The flow computer shall have the following analog outputs as a minimum: Flow control output signal(s) from the flow computer for each meter. Prover FCV selectable from the flow computer for each meter. A user selectable output for station flow for each meter.

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It shall be possible to individually calibrate each analog output channel on the flow computer. Analog outputs shall be protected from any transients and over voltages. D/A conversion shall be by 12 bits minimum. 6.2.5 Discrete Outputs The flow computer shall have the following discrete outputs as minimum: 6.2.6 Selection of flow control valve to be used during proving Commands for the operation of the meter 4-way valve or interchange. A watch dog timer output that activates upon hardware or software failure of the flow computer shall be provided. Master/Slave output status/command A pulse output capable of driving an external electro-mechanical counter shall be provided for each assigned meter. An output for the sampler

Communications The flow computer shall as a minimum, support multiple EIA/RS-232, EIA/RS-422, EIA/RS-485, and ANSI/IEEE 802.3 ports for communicating with external devices such as metering supervisory computers or PC/laptop. Acceptable data communications protocols include Modbus/RTU, Modbus/ASCII, TCP/IP, and OPC. In addition, each flow computer shall have an EIA/RS-232, EIA/RS-422, EIA/RS-485 port suitable for uploading and downloading its entire operating configuration using a portable computer or local PC. If the flow computer is connected to a network via TCP/IP, appropriate security protection shall be applied, e.g., IP or MAC address filters allow only certain computers to have access to the measurement flow computers. Network communication shall utilize a protocol where protection and security is a part of the protocol, e.g., TCP/IP. All communication links in the flow computer shall support error correction and multiple retries.

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Single and double precision floating-point values shall conform to the IEEE floating-point formats. The flow computer shall implement error check over its communication links incorporating either Cyclical Redundancy Checking (CRC) or Longitudinal Redundancy Checking (LRC) or Vendor equivalent method, in conjunction with bit parity checks, fail-safe transmission timer and message error detection. Information transmitted over the flow computer communications links shall include, but not be limited to: Metering configuration All dynamic data (pulse totals, temperatures, pressures, volumes, etc.) I/O & alarm status Data input locally by the operator Reports (audit trail, alarms, etc.).

The flow computer shall be capable of accepting input as floating point, digital and alphanumeric data to its memory via the front panel or via a communications link. Such data shall include as minimum: Set points and mode changes Batch / transaction data (batch start/stop, size, etc.) Product, density/API gravity, densitometer temperature, S&W content Date and time Re-calculation of receipt/deliveries based on manual input of composite API gravity or Relative density (Specific Gravity) and Sediment & Water values (S&W). Product menu Product specific meter factor calibration data for each meter (up to a maximum of 12 flow rates and corresponding meter factors) Base meter factor and normal meter flow rate for each meter Meter data (serial number, nominal K factor) Prover data (serial number, base volume, outside diameter, wall thickness, prover material, coefficient of cubical expansion, modulus of elasticity)

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One of the links shall be configurable for a serial printer for reports, event logs, alarms, etc. When required it shall be also possible to obtain archived reports (audit tail, alarms, etc.) over the IEEE 802.3 network communications link from the flow computer. 6.2.7 Front Panel a) Full custody transfer measurement data inputs and outputs, including but not limited to configuration, batching, proving, flow control shall be accessible via the front panel of the flow computer. The resolution on the flow computer display shall be sufficient to verify the requirements for calculation accuracy. The flow computer shall provide full configuration of a metering application from its front panel. The front panel on each flow computer shall be capable of displaying 8-digit totalized meter readings and volume totals. The totalized meter readings and volume totals shall be displayed in whole units (e.g., barrels, cubic meters, etc.). It shall also be possible through the front panel to review and modify set points or other non-protected measurement data in the flow computer. All calculation constants shall be securely stored within the computer and shall also be easily available for inspection through the flow computer display. Flow computer firmware and its databases shall be designed so that measurement accuracy is not compromised by inadequate resolution on the flow computer display of critical constants. The update time for the flow computer display shall be within 1 second to perform any major function including but not limited to computations, batching, proving and flow control. Sufficient keypad keys or touch screen points must be provided on the front panel to verify main parameters and /or data for custody transfer measurement at the flow computer. User assignable keys or other methods shall be provided for troubleshooting and easy access to various functions in the flow computer.

b) c) d)

e)

f)

g)

h)

i)

6.2.8

Security The hardware shall be protected from uncontrolled access by


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keylock/wire seal. The metering data and configuration constants shall be protected by password from the front panel and communication ports. 6.3 Software a) b) A software version number or configuration certificate shall be accessible to enable changes in software to be identified. The flow computer shall have option to change the fiscal day for continuous measurement systems (e.g., 00:00). The flow computer shall operate correctly, i.e., calculate and report correct regardless of change in day, month, year, decade. The program firmware for calculation of custody transfer quantities shall be stored in tamper-proof and non-volatile memory, e.g., Flash or EPROM. The flow computer's program and data memory shall have battery backup with minimum retention time of 1 month of all custody transfer measurement data. A restart after power interruption or program fault detection of the flow computer shall be automatic and shall include a restart for all devices and programs including correct time from a battery backed real-time calendar clock within 5 seconds from interruption of fault. This requirement shall be verifiable. The flow computer shall have self-test with diagnostic routines for watchdog circuits and diagnostic algorithms running in the background mode, on each scan cycle to monitor the health of all elements contributing to the fiscal measurement, including system software and external/internal communications. Flow computer shall have the capability to perform proportional and integral (P+I) flow control with secondary override control selectable for each meter run. A minimum of two meter runs shall be configurable in the flow computer using dual pulse inputs for each meter run. The flow computer shall meet all requirements per API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapters 21.2 and its addendum in addition to the requirements stated in this document. Flow computer shall calculate meter factors, and volume and mass totals for each meter in accordance with API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapters 4.8 and 12.2, the applicable API/ASTM tables specified in Section 6.1.

c)

d)

e)

f)

g) h)

i)

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j)

Each meter run shall be operated individually or configured for a station with other meters in the flow computer for batching operations. All measurement data and commands shall be available in the flow computer for such a configuration. The flow computer shall perform the following operations at least once a second: Read all inputs Compute all factors and volumes Perform all output control functions Programming and Configuration a) Configuration software shall be provided by Vendor for the flow computer for configuring, editing, debugging, etc. the metering application. The configuration software shall be compatible with standard of the shelf personal computer(s) (i.e., PCs, laptops), operating within a Microsoft Windows XP, Vista or latest proven operating system. The configuration software shall be capable of supporting both online and off-line configuration. Making on-line configuration, (e.g., updating meter curves, default values, Alarm limits, etc.) shall be possible without having to reset or re-initialize metering application program currently running within the flow computer or corrupting the current ticket measurement. Off-line configuration will involve making changes to the copy of the current configuration prior to updating the flow computer. The configuration software shall have the ability to automatically read and display the current condition of all measured values that are important to the integrity of the custody transfer measurement process. These values are typically pressure, temperature, density, flowrate values (current batch volume, meter factor, etc.), proving data, etc. Simple flow computer configuration is preferred with minimal effort to establish custody transfer measurement setup. Extensive programming to customize the custody transfer measurement setup is not acceptable. The flow computer shall be a standard off-the-shelf electronic device provided by the manufacturer with tamper-proof program memory. Flexibility in custody transfer measurement design can be implemented through basic Boolean logic, arithmetic and simple
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k)

6.3.1

b)

c)

d)

e)

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programmable instructions which shall be fully documented and flow charted by the vendor. 6.3.2 Configuration Data and Commands a) Configuration data shall include the following as minimum: Meter manufacturer, model, size, serial number, nominal K factor, tag number, etc. Flow computer manufacturer, model number, serial number, tag number; and product specific meter calibration data (up to a maximum of 12 flow rates and corresponding meter factors), base meter factor and nominal meter flow rate for each assigned meter Prover manufacturer, base volume, calibration date, outside diameter, wall thickness, prover material, coefficient of cubical expansion, modulus of elasticity, serial number, tag number, etc.

b)

Normal operational commands shall include the following as minimum: Set batch identification Start a ticket on a meter Stop a ticket on a meter Start a new ticket on a meter Change Product on the fly. Initiate an "Unofficial" (maintenance) ticket Set Density Set sediment and water content Set flow control mode (auto/manual), set points, outputs Re-calculate ticket based on manual input of composite API gravity or Relative density (Specific Gravity) and Sediment & Water values (S&W).

c)

Normal commands associated with meter proving shall include the following as minimum: Select meter to be proved Designate a proof as "Official" or "unofficial". The "unofficial" proof shall not implement the results into the flow computers. Initiate proof
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d)

Abort a proof Accept meter factor Set product density Rotate prover 4-way MOV.

The meter factor for a successful proof shall be implemented automatically. If Test 1 or Test 2 fails, the flow computer shall not implement the result, and sets an alarm for a failed proof. All daily counters, registers, internal switches, etc. will be reset at the programmed hour each day, in such a way that no data is lost and there is no effect on the accuracy of calculations. The flow computer shall have auto selection of default temperature, pressure and density in the event of transmitter failure.

e)

f) 6.3.3

Ticket Calculations a) The flow computer shall calculate the following as minimum: b) Indicated volume (IV) Gross Standard volume (GSV) Net Standard volume (NSV) Mass flow. Density at standard conditions Hourly and daily totals. Average flow rates. Average flow-weighted process variables. Average meter factor per meter.

All calculations shall be accordance with API MPMS Chapter 12. Calculation of standard density from measured density and calculation of operating density from standard density, use of correction factors shall all be per API MPMS Chapter 12 unless stated otherwise in this document. The parameters in the calculation of each correction factor shall be user selectable. All flow increment calculations shall be performed to full computer accuracy. (No truncation or rounding.). The interval between each cycle for computation of instantaneous flow shall not exceed 1 second for calculations and flow control. This requirement shall be verifiable.

c)

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

d) e)

All calculations performed by the flow computer shall be manually verified to be within 0.001%. The flow computer shall accept manual input for secondary sensors (temperature, pressure, density) as necessary to perform calculations. The manual input values shall be verifiable without rounding off or truncation of digits. The flow computer shall retain totalized meter reading for each assigned meter in an internal register which can be read remotely and/or via the front panel but cannot be reset or modified. Totalizers on individual meters and station shall have sufficient digits to prevent rollover more frequently than once every 6 months. The resolution of the totalizers should be such as to comply with this rollover criterion. The flow computer shall set an alarm flag to indicate that a rollover has occurred and shall be indicated on printed reports. Non-resettable registers shall be provided in battery backed memory when they are of non-electro-mechanical type. Flow computer shall be capable of accepting up to 12 meter factors and corresponding flow rates for use in the volume calculations. The new generated MF at operating flow rate must be adjusted to the base MF in the flow computer. This increment shall be applied dynamically to the full curve. The historical base meter factor curve shall not be altered by the flow computer during any proving or other operation. The accepted meter factor for the proof during any delivery/receipt shall be applied to the meter retroactively from the beginning of the delivery/receipt. The flow computer shall be able to re-calculate 4 previous tickets stored in its historical data memory. When fixed values or fallback values are used instead of the live signals during the report interval, this shall be visually identified on the flow computer display and any reports generated. The flow computer shall capture the following data for each assigned meter at intervals configurable via communications link for a ticket: 1) gross indicated volume, 2) gross standard volume, 3) net standard volume and 4) raw pulses. The data shall be stored
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f)

g)

h) i) j)

k) l)

m) n)

o)

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

in internal registers that can be read remotely via a communications link. 6.3.4 Proving and Flow Control a) Integrated proving within the same flow computer is preferred for all proving methods outlined in API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapters 4.8. The process value for the prover flow control valve (FCV) shall come from the meter selected for proof. The ability to change modes, enter a percent (%) output and set points, shall be available locally as well as remotely through communications links in the flow computer. The interval between each calculation cycle for P&I function shall be within 1 second to meet operational parameters for pipeline control. This requirement shall be verifiable. The flow computer shall abort proof and set an alarm whenever the prover 4-way valve has not completely sealed or passing prior to activation of the first detector switch or the seal is lost during either pass of a meter proving trial. The flow computer shall abort proof and set an alarm whenever it deviates from set values as stated below as minimum: e) Flow rate fluctuation Temperature deviation between meter and prover Prover pass travel time between detector switches Seal Failure Rate exceed maximum or below minimum Pressure below minimum

b)

c)

d)

The calculated meter factor at normal meter flow rate (MFCPFRN) shall be incorporated automatically in the historical data base for use in the next proof, provided the meter factor is within the tolerance of Tests 1 and 2 as described below: 1 Calculated Meter Factor vs. Initial Base Meter Factor: Maximum deviation of 0.25% (Test 1). % Dev. Test 1=(MFCPFRN - Initial Base Meter Factor) * 100 (Initial Base Meter Factor)

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Calculated Meter Factor vs. Average of Previous Ten Factors: Maximum deviation of 0.1% (Test 2).

% Dev. Test 2= (MFCPFRN - Avg. of last 10 MFs at Meter Rate)*100 (Avg. of Last 10 Meter Factors at Normal Meter Rate) f) g) The limits of Test 1 and Test 2 and the number of meter factors to be used shall be configurable in the flow computer. Only valid meter factors at normal flow rate shall be incorporated into the historical data base. When the limits from either tests exceed or the repeatability criteria is not met within 10 trials, the meter factor shall not be used for measurement, and the corresponding meter factor at the normal meter flow rate shall not be entered in the historical data base. Proving reports shall be annotated as "ABORTED" with cause of failure stated. If a proof is rejected, the flow computer shall use the previous acceptable proof for the particular hydrocarbon liquid as a basis for the volume calculations. In case of reduced volume or compact prover, the pulse interpolation to meet requirement for 0.01% volume resolution during meter calibration, shall be in according with API MPMS Chapter 4.6. The method of meter proving will be an approved method in accordance with API MPMS Chapter 4.8 and Chapter 12.2. It shall be possible to select and configure the method in the flow computer from the front panel or via a communication link.

h)

i)

j)

6.3.5

Batching a) The flow computer shall terminate a batch by the following methods as minimum: b) Batch volume count Density change (interface) Manual command.

Flow computers shall support multi-product, multi-batch operation when required. Startup and shutdown ramp functions shall be available when the flow computer is in use for loading/unloading operations.

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c)

The flow computer configured for batch measurement shall have but not limited to batch totals, cumulative totals, maintenance mode totals, average flow rates, average meter factors and current and average process values. All average values shall be flowweighted by volume.

6.3.6

Reports a) The following reports shall be available in the flow computer as minimum: b) c) Meter Proving Report Delivery/Receipt Ticket Current Snapshot/Status Report Historical alarms report Audit trail report

All average values shall be flow-weighted. The flow computer shall have the capability to store as a minimum, 8 previous reports for tickets and proving. All correction factors applied in the calculation and all data required for manual verification shall be recorded in the reports. Test 1 and Test 2 results shall always be available on the proof report regardless of passing or failing the proof. The tickets and proof reports format shall be per the samples provided in this document. Simple text or RTF format are acceptable. All data on the reports shall be in accordance with API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapters 12.

d) e)

6.3.7

Alarms/Events a) The flow computer shall continuously monitor and generate alarms or appropriate events as follows as minimum: Watch-dog timer timeout Memory error (RAM or ROM) Program errors I/O failures Ticket/Batch start, end, preset reached, recalculated. Proving aborted, seal failure, prover pass travel time failure. Successful proof, meter under proof, proof completed
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b)

Power failure to flow computer Alarms for all parameters impacting measurement (sensor failure, measured value out of range, pulse errors, etc.) Any user configured alarms

Any alarms generated by the flow computer shall be accessible to authorized persons and recorded within the flow computer database. It shall be possible to configure additional alarms as required by the user. It shall be possible to read the status of alarms within the flow computer database remotely via a communication port. The flow computer shall raise alarms, save alarms to history. The historical alarm report shall be accessible from the front panel or via a remote link. Hardware and software watchdog alarm shall be implemented. There shall be a command to acknowledge alarms/events for each meter run from the front panel or via a remote link from a higher level system. Acknowledging of all alarms/events through a single command is preferred. The flow computer shall log all events including changes made from a higher level system which impacts measurements and operator action to history. The event log shall be accessible via the front panel of the flow computer and/or by a remote link.

c)

d) e)

f)

6.3.8

Data Archiving The flow computer shall have the ability to store data for the purpose of troubleshooting custody transfer measurement discrepancies or establishing some aspect of audit trails. The flow computer shall provide as a minimum the following data archiving options: Raw data archive ASCII data archive Historical reports archive

These can be preconfigured or user selectable or the combination of both. A minimum of 1 month data archive shall be available. 6.3.9 Pulse & Data Security a) Each flow computer shall use dual pulse inputs for each meter to perform Level B pulse security in accordance with API Manual of
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Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 5.5. b) It shall not be possible to modify any measurement related data and proving data (e.g., volumes, meter factors, average process data, etc.) from the front panel or via any communications link. Metering data and configuration constants shall be under keylock/wire seal and/or password protection via front panel and/or via communication ports. Access to view measurement data, input values or set points within a flow computer shall not be protected by password or keylock. The flow computer shall write protect by either keylock or password security techniques, or a combination of both such that the application program and memory contents are protected from unauthorized alteration. The flow computer shall be designed such that constants can be changed only at the appropriate level of password security. Where it is necessary to use manual data inputs within the computer, parameters as defaults, fallback values and setting alarm limits, the use of this data shall be logged automatically. The flow computer shall provide as a minimum three level of password security from the front panel to protect custody transfer measurement as follows: 7 Redundancy 7.1 Flow computers shall be capable of operating in a redundant, primary/secondary configuration without the intervention of any higher level system. The secondary flow computer shall be a hot standby to the primary flow computer. In the event of failure of the primary flow computer, the back-up must take full control in a bumpless switch-over. There shall be no data loss or change when switching over to a standby system. There shall be an option to switch manually (on-demand) the primary/secondary flow computers duty from the communication ports. None (view only) Operator level Technician level Engineering level

c)

d)

e)

f)

7.2

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7.3

In a redundant configuration, each flow computer shall be capable of calculating and totaling metered volumes, and calculating meter factors. Each flow computer shall also be capable of closed loop control for the metering and proving operations. In a redundant configuration, the primary flow computer shall control the meter run FCV's, and the prover FCV. The secondary flow computer shall operate as a "hot" standby utilizing its own inputs to read process data for its volume calculations. To ensure complete totalizer autonomy within both primary and secondary flow computers, process control: mode status, valve position, and setpoint data shall be passed from primary to secondary through a communication link. Proving result data is also passed from primary to secondary flow computer to ensure the 'previous prove result' database in the secondary flow computer matches the primary flow computer database. In the event of failure of the primary flow computer, the back-up must take full control in a bumpless switch-over. There shall be no loss of control and minimal flow disturbance when switching over to the standby flow computer. In a redundant configuration, any transactions between the flow computers shall be user selectable based on metering station design configuration. All fiscal measurement data required to maintain the flow computers in synchronization with each other must be available for selection.

7.4

7.5

7.6

Sampler 8.1 When pacing of an automatic sampler is to be accomplished using the custody transfer meters, the flow computer(s) shall provide a pulse output(s) proportional to each meter's flow rate and/or the total station flow rate. In a redundant flow computer arrangement, the primary flow computer shall issue the pulse to the sampler while the secondary flow computer operates in a hot-standby. In the event of the primary flow computer failing, the secondary will assume primary duty and will continue to provide the pulse to the sampler.

8.2

Shipping Requirements 9.1 9.2 All necessary repairs, replacements or modifications to hardware, firmware, and software, shall be completed by the Vendor prior to shipment. The Vendor shall be responsible for ensuring the equipment is properly prepared for shipment, including, but not limited to, the requirements specified hereafter.

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

9.2.1

General a) All equipment and internals being shipped shall be braced and temporary supports shall be provided, if required, to prevent damage during shipment. Equipment shall be marked with water-soluble materials that will not attack or damage the equipment at either ambient or operating temperatures. Marking materials shall be free of lead, sulfur, zinc, cadmium, mercury, chlorine and all other halogens. Markings for export shall conform to the requirements specified on the purchase order.

b)

c) 9.2.2

Electronic and Electrical Equipment a) The Vendor shall determine if electronics and instruments are susceptible to damage from shock, weather or extremes of temperature during shipment. If required, such items shall be removed after the functional test and shipped separately. Electronic equipment shall be prepared and protected for shipment in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. As a minimum, the equipment shall be fitted with a vapor phase inhibitor emitter (CORTEC VCI-101, VCI-105, VCI-110 or equivalent). Electrical boxes shall be fitted with vapor phase inhibitor emitters (CORTEC VCI-101, VCI-105, VCI-110 or equivalent).

b)

c)

10

Documentation In addition to documentation required in the purchase order, Vendor shall furnish the following additional documentation upon receipt of a purchase order: a) Operation Manual, describing flow computer operation and calibration procedures allowing field personnel to start-up, operate and safely shut down the flow computer. Configuration Manual Installation Manual. Trouble Shooting Manual, containing trouble shooting diagrams that allow field personnel to identify a fault by means of a simple step-by-step procedure. Recommended list of spare parts.

b) c) d) e)

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11

Testing Each flow computer shall have as part of the purchase delivery a factory test certificate verifying the perfect health prior to leaving vendor site. A full set of calculations and input tests shall be carried out when the flow computer is configured for a metering application. The tests shall include but not limited to self check and self diagnostics at start-up and continuously during normal operation shall be part of the Vendor tests. The algorithms and fixed parameters important for accurate computation of custody transfer quantities shall be verified as part of the Vendor tests.

6 September 2008 2 May 2009

Revision Summary New Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification. Editorial revision.

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Miscellaneous Reports & Appendix


Commentary Note: Titles of actual attachments are preceded by a "#". Items annotated with a "#" should not be considered a part of the respective formats.

Meter Proving Report Formats & Procedures Attachment 1A Proving Report for Bi-Directional & UniDirectional Sphere Provers - Refined Products (Metric Units) Proving Report for Bi-Directional & UniDirectional Sphere Provers - Refined Products, Naphtha & Lube Oils (USC Units) Proving Report for Bi-Directional & UniDirectional Sphere Provers - Crude Oil (USC Units) Proving Report for Bi-Directional & UniDirectional Sphere Provers Natural Gasoline, Butane, Propane, & NGL (USC Units) Proving Report for Small Volume Provers

Attachment 1B

Attachment 1C

Attachment 1D

Attachment 1E

Meter Ticket Formats & Procedures Attachment 2A Attachment 2B Attachment 2C Attachment 2D Attachment 3 Rounding Conventions Attachment 4 Rounding Conventions Meter Ticket - Refined Products (Metric Units) Meter Ticket - Refined Products, Lube Oils & Naphtha (USC Units) Meter Ticket - Crude Oil (USC Units) Meter Ticket Natural Gasoline, Butane, Propane & NGL (USC Units) Meter Ticket Calculations

Appendix 1 Approval Agencies for Equipment in Hazardous Area

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

#Attachment 1A: Proving Report for Bi-Directional & Uni-Directional Sphere Provers #Refined Products (Metric Units) PROVING REPORT SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) REPORT NUMBER XXXXXX ( ) OFFICIAL ( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ABORTED
LOCATION: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: METER SIZE (in): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: LIQUID: AAAAAAAAAA PULSES L-R R-L 1 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 2 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 3 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 4 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 10 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 AVG OF LAST 4 TRIALS TRIAL AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA XX.XXX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM PROVER MANUFACTURER: PROVER SERIAL NUMBER: PROVER BASE VOLUME (m): PROVER OUTSIDE DIAMETER(in): PROVER WALL THICKNESS (in): PROVER MATERIAL: COEF. OF CUBICAL EXPANSION (1/C): MODULUS OF ELASTICITY (kPa): AAAAAAAA XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS XXX.XXX X.XXX AAAAAAAA 0.0000XXX XXX,XXX,XXX

OBSERVED DENSITY X.XXX5 kg/L AT XX.X5C = XXXX.X kg/m AT 15C TOTAL XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.X TOTAL TIME(s) XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X PRESS (KPA (ga)) PROVER METER XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX TEMP (C) PROVER METER XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 XX.X5 TRIAL M.F. MFt X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX

REPEATABILITY FOR LAST 4 TRIALS = X.XXX% A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. 0. BASE PROVER VOLUME AT 15C & 101.325 kPa [0 kPa (ga)] TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER TEMP. CORRECTION. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR PROVER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER INDICATED METER VOLUME TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER PRESS. COR. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR METER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR METER AVG. METER FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ PROVING FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X m/h METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS (%): 1) X.XX 2) X.XX (BPV) (CTSp) (CPSp) (CTLp) (CPLp) (CCFp) (GSVp) (IVm) (CTLm) (CPLm) (CCFm) (GSVm) 6 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 DIGITS 6 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 DIGITS XXXXX.X X.XXXX X.XXXX m

m m

m m/h

HISTORICAL DATA OF METER FACTORS @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X m/h INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR (DATE: MM/DD/YY) = X.XXXX DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(): DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(): MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX%

PROVED FOR SAUDI ARAMCO BY: ______________________________________ DATE: _______________ WITNESSED BY: ______________________________________________________ DATE: _______________

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER PROVING REPORT


1 GENERAL INFORMATION NOTES: "AAAAAA" - Computer generated alpha-numeric values. "XXX.XX" - Computer generated numeric values.

1.1 METER PROVING REPORT NUMBER Unique number generated by the metering supervisory computer or flow computer. Numbers are consecutively generated beginning with the first proving for the system. 1.2 OFFICIAL - The report is automatically marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates a normal proving when initiating the proving operation, and the meter factor at the normal flow rate is determined to be valid. 1.3 UNOFFICIAL - The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates such when initiating the proving operation. Such provings are normally initiated during maintenance activities. The results are not incorporated in the metering supervisory or flow computer data base and not used in any volume calculations. 1.4 ABORTED - Report is marked "(X) ABORTED" if the operator manually aborts the proving, the prover sphere (piston) activates the first displacer switch prior to obtaining a 4-way valve or interchange seal, repeatability for the last four of ten trials is greater than 0.05%, or the meter factor at the normal flow rate does not meet the criteria for Test 1 or 2. An abbreviated proving report shall automatically be generated showing all proving data used in calculating the trial meter factors whenever a proof is aborted. 1.5 LOCATION; METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE & MODEL & TAG NUMBER; PROVER MANUFACTURER Fixed values entered in the metering system computer or flow computer during initialization. METER SERIAL NO. & NOMINAL K FACTOR; PROVER SERIAL NO., BASE VOLUME, OUTSIDE DIAMETER, WALL THICKNESS, MATERIAL, CUBICAL COEFFICIENT OF EXPANSION, & MODULUS OF ELASTICITY Fixed values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the proving calculations. 1.6 LIQUID - Operator entry. 1.7 OBSERVED DENSITY, OBSERVED TEMPERATURE - Data from the density meter and density temperature transmitter, or data from density test which is entered manually by operator. 1.8 DENSITY AT 15C - Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using observed density (kg/m) and observed temperature of density sample (C). Commentary Note: Observed density is entered in kg/L and converted to kg/m prior to calculation.

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

PROVING DATA 2.1 PULSES, TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURES - Data logged from field instrumentation during proving. 2.2 TIME - Time required for left-to-right and right-to-left passes of sphere. 2.3 METER FACTOR (TRIAL) (MFt) - Calculated as shown in Steps A through L of Item 3 below using the pulses, pressure and temperature data recorded for each trial. 2.4 REPEATABILITY: (Max MFt - Min MFt) * 100 / Min MFt where: Max MFt Min MFt = = Maximum meter factor from the last four trials. Minimum meter factor from the last four trials.

METER FACTOR CALCULATION The meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter factor at the normal meter flow rate are computed in accordance with API MPMS Chapter 12, using average pulses, temperatures and pressures, etc., for the last four trials: A. B. BASE PROVER VOLUME (BPV) - Six or seven digit volume entered in the flow computer during initialization. See Item 1.5. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CTSp): CTSp = 1 + [ (Tp (avg) - Tb) * Gc] where: Tp (avg) = Tb = = Gc = = = = = C. Average prover temperature (C) Base Temperature 15.00C Coefficient of cubical expansion of the prover material (1/C) 0.0000335/C for mild carbon steel 0.0000518/C for 304 stainless steel 0.0000477/C for 316 stainless steel 0.0000324/C for 17-4 stainless steel

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CPSp): CPSp = 1 + [(Pp (avg) * ID) / (E * WT)] where : Pp (avg) = ID = = E = = = = = Average prover pressure [kPa (ga)] Internal prover diameter (in) OD - (2*WT) Modulus of elasticity for prover material 2.07*108/ kPa for mild carbon steel) 1.93*108/ kPa for 304 stainless steel 1.93*108/ kPa for 316 stainless steel 1.97*108/ kPa for 17-4 stainless steel

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 OD WT D. = = Outside diameter of prover (in) Prover wall thickness (in)

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CTLp): Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using density at 15C (kg/m) (Item 1.8) and average prover temperature (C).

E.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CPLp): Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using density at 15C (kg/m) (Item 1.8), average prover temperature (C) and average prover pressure [kPa (ga)].

F. G. H.

COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE PROVER (CCFp): CCFp = CTSp * CPSp * CTLp * CPLp GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER (GSVp): GSVp = BPV * CCFp INDICATED METERED VOLUME (IVm) IVm = Navg / NKF where: Navg NKF = = Average pulses for last four trials Nominal K factor for meter (pulses/m)

I.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CTLm) Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using density at 15C (Item 1.8) and average meter temperature (C).

J.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CPLm) Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using density at 15C (kg/m) (Item 1.8), average meter temperature (C) and average meter pressure [kPa (ga)].

K. L. M.

COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE METER (CCFm): CCFm = CTLm * CPLm GROSS STANDARD METER VOLUME (GSVm): GSVm = IVm * CCFm AVERAGE PROVING FLOW RATE (FWAp): FWAp = IVm * 3600 / TIME(avg) where: TIME(avg) = Average time for last four proving trials (s).

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

METER FACTOR AT NORMAL METER FLOW RATE (MFFRN) - The meter factor at normal meter flow rate is calculated from the meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter's base meter curve as follows: MFFRN = MF + MFBFRN - MFB where: MF MFBFRN MFB = Meter factor at proving flow rate from Item N = Meter factor at normal meter flow rate interpolated from the meter's base calibration curve. = Meter factor at proving flow rate interpolated from the meter's base calibration curve.

METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS - The results from meter factor control Tests 1 and 2. See Attachment 2, Meter Factor Control Procedure. 4 HISTORICAL DATA 4.1 NORMAL METER FLOW RATE - The normal meter flow rate is used to permit an evaluation of meter performance over the life of the meter. The normal meter flow rate is selected by P&CSD/PID/CMU & Operations, and is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.2 INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR - The meter factor at the normal meter flow rate that is determined from the meter's initial base curve. Factor is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.3 HISTORICAL FACTORS AND ASSOCIATED DATA: - Meter factors at normal meter flow rate from the previous 10 valid provings for the specific product, the corresponding dates, and deviations from Test 1 shall be listed with the oldest as No. 1 and newest as No. 10. Factors in this list shall be discarded on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis.

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# Attachment 1B: Proving Report for Bi-Directional & Uni-Directional Sphere Provers #Refined Products, Naphtha & Lube Oils (USC Units)

PROVING REPORT
SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) REPORT NUMBER XXXXXX ( ) OFFICIAL ( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ABORTED
LOCATION: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: METER SIZE (in): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: LIQUID: AAAAAAAAAA TRIAL PULSES L-R R-L 1 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 2 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 3 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 4 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 10 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 AVG OF LAST 4 TRIALS AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA XX.XXX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM PROVER MANUFACTURER: PROVER SERIAL NUMBER: PROVER BASE VOLUME (bbl): PROVER OUTSIDE DIAMETER(in): PROVER WALL THICKNESS (in): PROVER MATERIAL: COEF. OF CUBICAL EXPANSION (1/F): MODULUS OF ELASTICITY (psi): AAAAAAAA XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS XXX.XXX X.XXX AAAAAAAA 0.0000XXX XX,XXX,XXX

OBSERVED DENSITY XXX.X deg API AT XXX.XF = XXX.X deg API AT 60F TOTAL XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.X TOTAL TIME(s) XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X PRESS (psig) PROVER METER XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 TEMP (F) PROVER METER XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X TRIAL M.F. MFt X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX

REPEATABILITY FOR LAST 4 TRIALS = X.XXX% A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. 0. BASE PROVER VOLUME AT 60 F & 14.696 psia TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER TEMP. CORRECTION. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR PROVER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER INDICATED METER VOLUME TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER PRESS. COR. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR METER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR METER AVG. METER FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ PROVING FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X bbl/h METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS (%): 1) X.XX 2) X.XX (BPV) (CTSp) (CPSp) (CTLp) (CPLp) (CCFp) (GSVp) (IVm) (CTLm) (CPLm) (CCFm) (GSVm) 6 OR 7 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS 6 OR 7 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS XXXXX.X X.XXXX X.XXXX bbl

bbl bbl

bbl bbl/h

HISTORICAL DATA OF METER FACTORS @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X bbl/h INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR (DATE: MM/DD/YY) = X.XXXX DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(+): DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(+): MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX%

PROVED FOR SAUDI ARAMCO BY: ______________________________________ DATE: _________________ WITNESSED BY: ______________________________________________________ DATE: _______________

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER PROVING REPORT


1 GENERAL INFORMATION NOTES: "AAAAAA" - Computer generated alpha-numeric values. "XXX.XX" - Computer generated numeric values.

1.1 METER PROVING REPORT NUMBER - Unique number generated by the metering supervisory computer or flow computer. Numbers are consecutively generated beginning with the first proving for the system. 1.2 OFFICIAL - The report is automatically marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates a normal proving when initiating the proving operation, and the meter factor at the normal flow rate is determined to be valid. 1.3 UNOFFICIAL - The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates such when initiating the proving operation. Such provings are normally initiated during maintenance activities. The results are not incorporated in the metering supervisory or flow computer data base and not used in any volume calculations. 1.4 ABORTED - Report is marked "(X) ABORTED" if the operator manually aborts the proving, the prover sphere (piston) activates the first displacer switch prior to obtaining a 4-way valve or interchange seal, repeatability for the last four of ten trials is greater than 0.05%, or the meter factor at the normal flow rate does not meet the criteria for Test 1 or 2. An abbreviated proving report shall automatically be generated showing all proving data used in calculating the trial meter factors whenever a proof is aborted. 1.5 LOCATION; METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE, MODEL, & TAG NUMBER; PROVER MANUFACTURER Fixed values entered in the metering system computer or flow computer during initialization. METER SERIAL NO. & NOMINAL K FACTOR; PROVER SERIAL NO., BASE VOLUME, OUTSIDE DIAMETER, WALL THICKNESS, MATERIAL, CUBICAL COEFFICIENT OF EXPANSION, & MODULUS OF ELASTICITY Fixed values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the proving calculations. 1.6 LIQUID - Operator entry. 1.7 OBSERVED DENSITY, OBSERVED TEMPERATURE - Data from the density meter and density temperature transmitter, or data from density test which is entered manually by operator. 1.8 DENSITY AT 60F - Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using observed density (deg API) and observed temperature of density sample (F). 2 PROVING DATA 2.1 PULSES, TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURES - Data logged from field instrumentation during proving. 2.2 TIME - Time required for left-to-right and right-to-left passes of sphere. 2.3 METER FACTOR (TRIAL) (MFt) - Calculated as shown in Steps A through L of Item 3 below

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

using the pulses, pressure and temperature data recorded for each trial. 2.4 REPEATABILITY: (Max MFt - Min MFt) * 100 / Min MFt where: Max MFt = Maximum meter factor from the last four trials. Min MFt = Minimum meter factor from the last four trials. 3 METER FACTOR CALCULATION The meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter factor at the normal meter flow rate are computed in accordance with API MPMS Chapter 12, using average pulses, temperatures and pressures, etc., for the last four trials: A. B. BASE PROVER VOLUME (BPV) - Six or seven digit volume entered in the flow computer during initialization. See Item 1.5. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CTSp): CTSp = 1 + [ (Tp (avg) - Tb) * Gc] where Tp (avg) = Tb = = Gc = = = = = C. Average prover temperature (F) Base Temperature 60.0F Coefficient of cubical expansion of the prover material (1/F) 0.0000186/F for mild carbon steel 0.0000288/F for 304 stainless steel 0.0000265/F for 316 stainless steel 0.0000180/F for 17-4 stainless steel

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CPSp): CPSp = 1 + [(Pp (avg) * ID) / (E * WT)] where : Pp (avg) = ID = = E = = = = = OD = WT = Average prover pressure (psig) Internal prover diameter (in) OD - (2*WT) Modulus of elasticity for prover material (psi) 3.00*107/ psi for mild carbon steel) 2.80*107/ psi for 304 stainless steel 2.80*107/ psi for 316 stainless steel 2.85*107/ psi for 17-4 stainless steel Outside diameter of prover (in) Prover wall thickness (in)

D.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CTLp): Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8) and average prover temperature (F). Page 36 of 68

Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 E.

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CPLp): Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8), average prover temperature (F) and average prover pressure (psig).

F. G. H.

COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE PROVER (CCFp): CCFp = CTSp * CPSp * CTLp * CPLp GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER (GSVp): GSVp = BPV * CCFp INDICATED METERED VOLUME (IVm) IVm = Navg / NKF where: Navg NKF = = Average pulses for last four trials Nominal K factor for meter (pulses/bbl)

I.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CTLm) Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8) and average meter temperature (F).

J.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CPLm) Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8), average meter temperature (F) and average meter pressure (psig)..

K. L. M.

COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE METER (CCFm): CCFm = CTLm * CPLm GROSS STANDARD METER VOLUME (GSVm): GSVm = IVm * CCFm AVERAGE PROVING FLOW RATE (FWAp): FWAp = IVm * 3600 / TIME(avg) where: TIME(avg) = Average time for last four proving trials (s).

N. O.

METER FACTOR AT PROVING FLOW RATE (MF) MF = GSVp / GSVm METER FACTOR AT NORMAL METER FLOW RATE (MFFRN) - The meter factor at normal meter flow rate is calculated from the meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter's base meter curve as follows: MFFRN = MF + MFBFRN - MFB

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 where: MF MFBFRN MFB = = =

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Meter factor at proving flow rate from Item N Meter factor at normal meter flow rate interpolated from the meter's base calibration curve. Meter factor at proving flow rate interpolated from the meter's base calibration curve.

METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS: - The results from meter factor control Tests 1 and 2. See Attachment 2, Meter Factor Control Procedure. 4 HISTORICAL DATA 4.1 NORMAL METER FLOW RATE - The normal meter flow rate is used to permit an evaluation of meter performance over the life of the meter. The normal meter flow rate is selected by P&CSD/PID/CMU & Operations, and is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.2 INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR - The meter factor at the normal meter flow rate that is determined from the meter's initial base curve. Factor is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.3 HISTORICAL FACTORS AND ASSOCIATED DATA: - Meter factors at normal meter flow rate from the previous 10 valid provings for the specific product, the corresponding dates, and deviations from Test 1 shall be listed with the oldest as No. 1 and newest as No. 10. Factors in this list shall be discarded on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

# Attachment 1C: Proving Report for Bi-Directional & Uni-Directional Sphere Provers #Crude Oil (USC Units) PROVING REPORT SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) REPORT NUMBER XXXXXX ( ) OFFICIAL ( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ABORTED
LOCATION: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: METER SIZE (in): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA XX.XXX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM PROVER MANUFACTURER: PROVER SERIAL NUMBER: PROVER BASE VOLUME (bbl): PROVER OUTSIDE DIAMETER(in): PROVER WALL THICKNESS (in): PROVER MATERIAL: COEF. OF CUBICAL EXPANSION (1/F): MODULUS OF ELASTICITY (psi): AAAAAAAA XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS XXX.XXX X.XXX AAAAAAAA 0.0000XXX XX,XXX,XXX

LIQUID: AAAAAAAAAA OBSERVED DENSITY XXX.X deg API AT XXX.XF = XXX.X deg API AT 60F TRIAL PULSES TOTAL PRESS (psig) TEMP (F) TRIAL M.F. L-R R-L TOTAL TIME(s) PROVER METER PROVER METER MFt 1 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXX.X XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.X XXX.X X.XXXX 2 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXX.X XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.X XXX.X X.XXXX 3 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXX.X XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.X XXX.X X.XXXX 4 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXX.X XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.X XXX.X X.XXXX 10 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXX.X XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.X XXX.X X.XXXX AVG OF LAST 4 TRIALS XXXXX.X XXX.X XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.X XXX.X X.XXXX REPEATABILITY FOR LAST 4 TRIALS = X.XXX% A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. 0. BASE PROVER VOLUME AT 60F & 14.696 psia TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER TEMP. CORRECTION. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR PROVER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER INDICATED METER VOLUME TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER PRESS. COR. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR METER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR METER AVG. METER FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ PROVING FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X bbl/h METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS (%): 1) X.XX 2) X.XX (BPV) (CTSp) (CPSp) (CTLp) (CPLp) (CCFp) (GSVp) (IVm) (CTLm) (CPLm) (CCFm) (GSVm) 6 OR 7 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS 6 OR 7 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS XXXXX.X X.XXXX X.XXXX bbl

bbl bbl

bbl bbl/h

HISTORICAL DATA OF METER FACTORS @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X bbl/h INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR (DATE: MM/DD/YY) = X.XXXX DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(): DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(): MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX%

PROVED FOR SAUDI ARAMCO BY: _______________________________________ DATE: _______________ WITNESSED BY: _______________________________________________________ DATE: _______________

Page 39 of 68

Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER PROVING REPORT


1 GENERAL INFORMATION NOTES: "AAAAAA" - Computer generated alpha-numeric values. "XXX.XX" - Computer generated numeric values.

1.1 METER PROVING REPORT NUMBER - Unique number generated by the metering supervisory computer or flow computer. Numbers are consecutively generated beginning with the first proving for the system. 1.2 OFFICIAL - The report is automatically marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates a normal proving when initiating the proving operation, and the meter factor at the normal flow rate is determined to be valid. 1.3 UNOFFICIAL - The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates such when initiating the proving operation. Such provings are normally initiated during maintenance activities. The results are not incorporated in the metering supervisory or flow computer data base and not used in any volume calculations. 1.4 ABORTED - Report is marked "(X) ABORTED" if the operator manually aborts the proving, the prover sphere (piston) activates the first displacer switch prior to obtaining a 4-way valve or interchange seal, repeatability for the last four of ten trials is greater than 0.05%, or the meter factor at the normal flow rate does not meet the criteria for Test 1 or 2. An abbreviated proving report shall automatically be generated showing all proving data used in calculating the trial meter factors whenever a proof is aborted. 1.5 LOCATION; METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE, MODEL, & TAG NO.; PROVER MANUFACTURER Fixed values entered in the metering system computer or flow computer during initialization. METER SERIAL NO. & NOMINAL K FACTOR; PROVER SERIAL NO., BASE VOLUME, OUTSIDE DIAMETER, WALL THICKNESS, MATERIAL, CUBICAL COEFFICIENT OF EXPANSION, & MODULUS OF ELASTICITY Fixed values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the proving calculations. 1.6 LIQUID - Operator entry. 1.7 OBSERVED DENSITY, OBSERVED TEMPERATURE Data from density meter and density temperature transmitter, or data from density test which is entered manually by operator. 1.8 DENSITY AT 60F - Determined from ASTM D-1280-52, Table 5 using observed density (deg API) and observed temperature of density sample (F). 2 PROVING DATA 2.1 PULSES, TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURES - Data logged from field instrumentation during proving. 2.2 TIME - Time required for left-to-right and right-to-left passes of sphere. 2.3 METER FACTOR (TRIAL) (MFt) - Calculated as shown in Steps A through L of Item 3 below using the pulses, pressure and temperature data recorded for each trial.

Page 40 of 68

Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 2.4 REPEATABILITY: (Max MFt - Min MFt) * 100 / Min MFt where: Max MFt = Min MFt = 3

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Maximum meter factor from the last four trials. Minimum meter factor from the last four trials.

METER FACTOR CALCULATION The meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter factor at the normal meter flow rate are computed in accordance with API MPMS Chapter 12, using average pulses, temperatures and pressures, etc., for the last four trials: A. B. BASE PROVER VOLUME (BPV) - Six or seven digit volume entered in the flow computer during initialization. See Item 1.5. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CTSp): CTSp = 1 + [ (Tp (avg) - Tb) * Gc] where Tp (avg) = Tb = = Gc = = = = = C. Average prover temperature (F) Base Temperature 60.0F Coefficient of cubical expansion of the prover material (1/F) 0.0000186/F for mild carbon steel 0.0000288/F for 304 stainless steel 0.0000265/F for 316 stainless steel 0.0000180/F for 17-4 stainless steel

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CPSp): CPSp = 1 + [(Pp (avg) * ID) / (E * WT)] where : Pp (avg) = ID = = E = = = = = OD = WT = Average prover pressure (psig) Internal prover diameter (in) OD - (2*WT) Modulus of elasticity for prover material (psi) 3.00*107/ psi for mild carbon steel) 2.80*107/ psi for 304 stainless steel 2.80*107/ psi for 316 stainless steel 2.85*107/ psi for 17-4 stainless steel Outside diameter of prover (in) Prover wall thickness (in)

D.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CTLp): Determined from ASTM D1250-52 Tables 6 using the density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8) and average prover temperature (F).

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 E.

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CPLp): Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils Commodity Group using density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8), average prover temperature (F) and average prover pressure (psig).

F. G. H.

COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE PROVER (CCFp): CCFp = CTSp * CPSp * CTLp * CPLp GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER (GSVp): GSVp = BPV * CCFp INDICATED METERED VOLUME (IVm) IVm = Navg / NKF where: Navg NKF = = Average pulses for last four trials Nominal K factor for meter (pulses/bbl)

I.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CTLm) Determined from ASTM D1250-52 Table 6 using density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8) and average meter temperature (F).

J.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CPLm) Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils Commodity Group using density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8), average meter temperature (F) and average meter pressure (psig).

K. L. M.

COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE METER (CCFm): CCFm = CTLm * CPLm GROSS STANDARD METER VOLUME (GSVm): GSVm = IVm * CCFm AVERAGE PROVING FLOW RATE (FWAp): FWAp = IVm * 3600 / TIME(avg) where: TIME(avg) = Average time for last four proving trials (s).

N. O.

METER FACTOR AT PROVING FLOW RATE (MF) MF = GSVp / GSVm METER FACTOR AT NORMAL METER FLOW RATE (MFFRN) - The meter factor at normal meter flow rate is calculated from the meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter's base meter curve as follows: MFFRN = MF + MFBFRN MFB

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 where: MF MFBFRN MFB = = =

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Meter factor at proving flow rate from Item N Meter factor at normal meter flow rate interpolated from the meter's base calibration curve. Meter factor at proving flow rate interpolated from the meter's base calibration curve.

METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS - The results from meter factor control Tests 1 and 2. See Attachment 2, Meter Factor Control Procedure. 4 HISTORICAL DATA 4.1 NORMAL METER FLOW RATE - The normal meter flow rate is used to permit an evaluation of meter performance over the life of the meter. The normal meter flow rate is selected by P&CSD/PID/CMU & Operations, and is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.2 INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR - The meter factor at the normal meter flow rate that is determined from the meter's initial base curve. Factor is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.3 HISTORICAL FACTORS AND ASSOCIATED DATA: - Meter factors at normal meter flow rate from the previous 10 valid provings for the specific product, the corresponding dates, and deviations from Test 1 shall be listed with the oldest as No. 1 and newest as No. 10. Factors in this list shall be discarded on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

# Attachment 1D: Proving Report for Bi-Directional & Uni-Directional Sphere Provers #Natural Gasoline, Butane, Propane, & NGL (USC Units) PROVING REPORT SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) REPORT NUMBER XXXXXX ( ) OFFICIAL ( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ABORTED
LOCATION: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: METER SIZE (in): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: LIQUID: AAAAAAAAAA TRIAL PULSES L-R R-L 1 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 2 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 3 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 4 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 10 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 AVG OF LAST 4 TRIALS AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA XX.XXX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM PROVER MANUFACTURER: PROVER SERIAL NUMBER: PROVER BASE VOLUME (bbl): PROVER OUTSIDE DIAMETER(in): PROVER WALL THICKNESS (in): PROVER MATERIAL: COEF. OF CUBICAL EXPANSION (1/F): MODULUS OF ELASTICITY (psi): AAAAAAAA XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS XXX.XXX X.XXX AAAAAAAA 0.0000XXX XX,XXX,XXX

OBSERVED RELATIVE DENSITY OF X.XXX5 AT XXX.XF = X.XXXX AT 60F TOTAL XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.0 XXXXX.X TOTAL TIME(S) XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X PRESS (psig) PROVER METER XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 XXX.0 TEMP (F) PROVER METER XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X XXX.X TRIAL M.F. MFt X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX X.XXXX

REPEATABILITY FOR LAST 4 TRIALS = X.XXX% A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. 0. BASE PROVER VOLUME AT 60F & 14.696 psia TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR STEEL OF PROVER TEMP. CORRECTION. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER PRESS. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN PROVER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR PROVER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER INDICATED METER VOLUME TEMP. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER PRESS. COR. FACTOR FOR LIQUID IN METER COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR METER GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR METER AVG. METER FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ PROVING FLOW RATE METER FACTOR @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X bbl/h METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS (%): 1) X.XX 2) X.XX (BPV) (CTSp) (CPSp) (CTLp) (CPLp) (CCFp) (GSVp) (IVm) (CTLm) (CPLm) (CCFm) (GSVm) 6 OR 7 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS 6 OR 7 DIGITS X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX 6 OR 7 DIGITS XXXXX.X X.XXXX X.XXXX bbl

bbl bbl

bbl bbl/h

HISTORICAL DATA OF METER FACTORS @ NORMAL METER FLOW RATE OF XXXXX.X bbl/h INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR (DATE: MM/DD/YY) = X.XXXX DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(): DATE: FACTOR: DEVIATION(): MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX% MM/DD/YY X.XXXX X.XX%

PROVED FOR SAUDI ARAMCO BY: ______________________________________ DATE: _______________ WITNESSED BY: ______________________________________________________ DATE: _______________

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER PROVING REPORT


1 GENERAL INFORMATION NOTES: "AAAAAA" - Computer generated alpha-numeric values. "XXX.XX" - Computer generated numeric values.

1.1 METER PROVING REPORT NUMBER - Unique number generated by the metering supervisory computer or flow computer. Numbers are consecutively generated beginning with the first proving for the system. 1.2 OFFICIAL - The report is automatically marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates a normal proving when initiating the proving operation, and the meter factor at the normal flow rate is determined to be valid. 1.3 UNOFFICIAL - The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates such when initiating the proving operation. Such provings are normally initiated during maintenance activities. The results are not incorporated in the metering supervisory or flow computer data base and not used in any volume calculations. 1.4 ABORTED - Report is marked "(X) ABORTED" if the operator manually aborts the proving, the prover sphere (piston) activates the first displacer switch prior to obtaining a 4-way valve or interchange seal, repeatability for the last four of ten trials is greater than 0.05%, or the meter factor at the normal flow rate does not meet the criteria for Test 1 or 2. An abbreviated proving report shall automatically be generated showing all proving data used in calculating the trial meter factors whenever a proof is aborted. 1.5 LOCATION; METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE, MODEL, TAG NO.; PROVER MANUFACTURER Fixed values entered in the metering system computer or flow computer during initialization. METER SERIAL NO. & NOMINAL K FACTOR; PROVER SERIAL NO., BASE VOLUME, OUTSIDE DIAMETER, WALL THICKNESS, MATERIAL, CUBICAL COEFFICIENT OF EXPANSION, & MODULUS OF ELASTICITY Fixed values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the proving calculations. 1.6 LIQUID - Operator entry. 1.7 OBSERVED RELATIVE DENSITY, OBSERVED TEMPERATURE - Data from density meter and density temperature transmitter, or data from density test which is entered manually by operator. 1.8 RELATIVE DENSITY AT 60F - Determined from ASTM D-1250-52, Table 23 using observed relative density and observed temperature of density sample (F). 2 PROVING DATA 2.1 PULSES, TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURES - Data logged from field instrumentation during proving. 2.2 TIME - Time required for left-to-right and right-to-left passes of sphere. 2.3 METER FACTOR (TRIAL) (MFt) - Calculated as shown in Steps A through L of Item 3 below using the pulses, pressure and temperature data recorded for each trial.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 2.4 REPEATABILITY: (Max MFt - Min MFt) * 100 / Min MFt where: Max MFt = Min MFt = 3

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Maximum meter factor from the last four trials. Minimum meter factor from the last four trials.

METER FACTOR CALCULATION The meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter factor at the normal meter flow rate are computed in accordance with API MPMS Chapter 12, using average pulses, temperatures and pressures, etc., for the last four trials: A. B. BASE PROVER VOLUME (BPV) - Six or seven digit volume entered in the flow computer during initialization. See Item 1.5. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CTSp): CTSp = 1 + [ (Tp (avg) - Tb) * Gc] where Tp (avg) = Tb = = Gc = = = = = C. Average prover temperature (F) Base Temperature 60.0F Coefficient of cubical expansion of the prover material (1/F) 0.0000186/F for mild carbon steel 0.0000288/F for 304 stainless steel 0.0000265/F for 316 stainless steel 0.0000180/F for 17-4 stainless steel

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE PROVER STEEL (CPSp): CPSp = 1 + [(Pp (avg) * ID) / (E * WT)] where : Pp (avg) = ID = = E = = = = = OD = WT = Average prover pressure (psig) Internal prover diameter (in) OD - (2*WT) Modulus of elasticity for prover material (psi) 3.00*107/ psi for mild carbon steel) 2.80*107/ psi for 304 stainless steel 2.80*107/ psi for 316 stainless steel 2.85*107/ psi for 17-4 stainless steel Outside diameter of prover (in) Prover wall thickness (in)

D.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CTLp): Determined from ASTM D1250-52 Tables 24 using relative density at 60F (Item 1.8) and average prover temperature (F).

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 E.

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE PROVER (CPLp): Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils Commodity Group or the following formula using relative density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8), average prover temperature (F) and average prover pressure (psig): CPLp = 1 / {1 - [ Pp(avg) - (Pep + Pb)] * Fp} where: Pp(avg) = Pep = Pb Fp = = Average prover pressure (psig) Equilibrium vapor pressure (psia) of liquid passing through prover as determined from API MPMS Chapter 11.2.2, Addendum using the relative density at 60F (Item 1.8) and average prover temperature (F) Reference (Base) Pressure = 14.696 psia Compressibility factor determined from API MPMS Chapter 11.2.2 algorithm using the relative density at 60F (Item 1.8) rounded to the nearest 0.002 and average prover temperature (F) rounded to the nearest 0.5F.

F. G. H.

COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE PROVER (CCFp): CCFp = CTSp * CPSp * CTLp * CPLp GROSS STANDARD VOLUME FOR PROVER (GSVp): GSVp = BPV * CCFp INDICATED METERED VOLUME (IVm) IVm = Navg / NKF where: Navg NKF = = Average pulses for last four trials Nominal K factor for meter (pulses/bbl)

I.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CTLm) Calculated from ASTM D1250-52 Table 24 using relative density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8) and the average meter temperature (F).

J.

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON THE LIQUID IN THE METER (CPLm) Calculated from computer algorithm for ASTM D1280-04, Generalized Crude Oils Commodity Group or the following formula using relative density at 60F (deg API) (Item 1.8), average meter temperature (F) and average meter pressure (psig): CPLm = 1 / {1 - [(Pm(avg) - (Pem + Pba)] * Fm} where: Pm(avg) = Pem = Pba Fm = = Average meter pressure (psig) Equilibrium vapor pressure (psia) of liquid passing through meter as determined from API MPMS Chapter 11.2.2, Addendum using the relative density at 60F (Item 1.8) and average meter temperature (F) Reference (Base) pressure = 14.696 psia Compressibility factor determined from API MPMS Chapter 11.2.2 algorithm using the relative density at 60F (Item 1.8) rounded to the nearest

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

0.002 and average meter temperature (F) rounded to the nearest 0.5F. K. L. M. COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR FOR THE METER (CCFm): CCFm = CTLm * CPLm GROSS STANDARD METER VOLUME (GSVm): GSVm = IVm * CCFm AVERAGE PROVING FLOW RATE (FWAp): FWAp = IVm * 3600 / TIME(avg) where: TIME(avg) = Average time for last four proving trials (s). N. O. METER FACTOR AT PROVING FLOW RATE (MF) MF = GSVp / GSVm METER FACTOR AT NORMAL METER FLOW RATE (MFFRN) - The meter factor at normal meter flow rate is calculated from the meter factor at the proving flow rate and the meter's base meter curve as follows: MFFRN = MF + MFBFRN - MFB where: MF = MFBFRN = MFB = Meter factor at proving flow rate from Item N Meter factor at normal meter flow rate interpolated from the meter's normal calibration curve. Meter factor at proving flow rate interpolated from the meter's base calibration curve.

METER FACTOR TEST RESULTS - The results from meter factor control Tests 1 and 2. See Attachment 2, Meter Factor Control Procedure. 4 HISTORICAL DATA 4.1 NORMAL METER FLOW RATE - The normal meter flow rate is used to permit an evaluation of meter performance over the life of the meter. The normal meter flow rate is selected by P&CSD/PID/CMU & Operations, and is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.2 INITIAL BASE METER FACTOR - The meter factor at the normal meter flow rate that is determined from the meter's initial base curve. Factor is entered in the flow computer at initialization. 4.3 HISTORICAL FACTORS AND ASSOCIATED DATA: - Meter factors at normal meter flow rate from the previous 10 valid provings for the specific product, the corresponding dates, and deviations from Test 1 shall be listed with the oldest as No. 1 and newest as No. 10. Factors in this list shall be discarded on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

# Attachment 1E: Proving Report for Small Volume Provers

The proving report format for small volume provers shall be tailored to the application and shall meet the requirements of API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 12.2.3.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

#Attachment 2A: Meter Ticket - Refined Products (Metric Units) METER TICKET SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) ( ) DELIVERY OR ( ) RECEIPT TICKET XXXX ( ) OFFICIAL
LOCATION: AAAAAAAA DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA

( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ACCEPTED
PRINT DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM METER SIZE (mm): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: XXX.XX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA

( ) RECALCULATED

PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: AAAAAAAA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. BATCH NUMBER TYPE OF LIQUID METER CLOSING READING (DATE/TIME) METER OPENING READING (DATE/TIME) NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME METER CLOSING READING METER OPENING READING INDICATED VOLUME AVERAGE FLOW RATE GROSS VOLUME AVERAGE METER FACTOR OBSERVED DENSITY OBSERVED TEMPERATURE DENSITY AT 15C WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CTLm) WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE PRESSURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CPLm) COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm) NET STD VOL AT 15C & 101.325 kPa [0 kPa (ga)] NET STD VOL AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig) NET WEIGHT NET WEIGHT XXXXX AAAAAAAA MM/DD/YY HH:MM MM/DD/YY HH:MM XX.XXX hours XXXXXXXX m XXXXXXXX m XXXXXX m XXXXX.X m/h XXXXXX.XXX m X.XXXX X.XXX5 kg/L A XX.X5C A XXXX.X kg/m XX.X5C X.XXXX XXXX.0 kPa (ga) X.XXXX X.XXXX XXXXXX.XXX m XXXXXXX.XX bbls XXXXXX.XX metric tons XXXXXX.XX long tons

NON-NEGOTIABLE, NON-TRANSFERABLE SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY CHECKED FOR Saudi Aramco BY: ______________________________________ DATE:_____________________ WITNESSED BY:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER TICKET


Commentary Note: For ticket purposes, the terms "delivery" and "receipt" are defined from the perspective of the bulk plant or refinery. A transfer to a pipeline or marine vessel at a refinery or bulk plant is considered a delivery from the refinery or bulk plant, and a transfer from a pipeline or marine vessel to a bulk plant is considered a receipt at the bulk plant. A new ticket shall be initiated upon delivery or receipt of a new batch; automatically at a configurable date/time and/or daily time; or when manually initiated by the operator. The ticket is printed after the operator inputs a manual density, or designates use of the density from the density meter. DELIVERY Marked "X" when meter is designated as a delivery meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. RECEIPT - Marked "X" when meter is designated as a receipt meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. METER TICKET NUMBER Computer generated number. Numbers for each meter are consecutively assigned by the metering system computer beginning with 12:00 midnight of the 1st day of each year. OFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as an "official" transfer. UNOFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as a non-transfer. RECALCULATED Marked "X" whenever the operator commands a recalculation of the ticket following input or acceptance of the density data. ACCEPTED Marked "X" when the operator accepts the ticket. After a ticket has been accepted, the MSC shall prohibit recalculation. LOCATION - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. PRINT DATE/TIME - Date and time when ticket is printed. DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE, MODEL - Alpha-numeric values entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER TAG NO., SERIAL NO., NOMINAL K FACTOR - Alpha-numeric values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the ticket calculations. 1 BATCH NUMBER - Entered by operator or from metering system computer. A "dummy" number of "00000" shall be automatically entered by the metering supervisory computer for a ticket designated as "Unofficial". LIQUID Selected by operator from a graphical user interface menu (e.g., Gasoline, Diesel, Jet A1). Menu is established in the metering system computer during initialization.

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

METER CLOSING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt stops as determined by flow computer. METER OPENING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt starts as determined by flow computer. NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME: Calculated by flow computer. Item 3 - Item 4 -Idle Time. METER CLOSING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt stops, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/m). METER OPENING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt starts, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/m). INDICATED VOLUME: Item 6 minus Item 7 AVERAGE FLOW RATE: Item 8 divided by Item 5 TOTAL GROSS VOLUME: Calculated by flow computer. See calculation sequence for details. AVERAGE METER FACTOR: Item 10 divided by Item 8. Metering system computer adds an asterisk "*" when the previous meter factor is used. OBSERVED DENSITY: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Metering system computer adds an "M" when the value is entered manually by the operator. OBSERVED TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Item shall be followed by an "M" when entered manually by the operator. DENSITY AT 15C: Calculated from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using Item 12*1000 and Item 13. WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CTLm): Calculated by flow computer from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using Items 14 and 15. WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CPLm): Calculated by flow computer from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group using Items 14, 15 and 17. COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm): Item 16 * Item 18. NET VOLUME AT 15C & 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)): Item 10 * Item 19. NET VOLUME AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig): Item 20 *Conversion Factor from ASTM D125080, Table 52. Conversion factor is determined from Table 52 using Item 14. METRIC TONS: Item 20 * Item 14 / 1000 LONG TONS: Quantity delivered/received expressed as long tons. Item 22 * Conversion factor from ASTM D1250-80, Table 1.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

#Attachment 2B: Meter Ticket - Refined Products, Naphtha & Lube Oils (USC Units) METER TICKET SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) ( ) DELIVERY OR ( ) RECEIPT TICKET XXXX ( ) OFFICIAL
LOCATION: AAAAAAAA DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA

( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ACCEPTED
PRINT DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM METER SIZE (in): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: XXX.XXX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA

( ) RECALCULATED

BATCH NUMBER TYPE OF LIQUID METER CLOSING READING (DATE/TIME) METER OPENING READING (DATE/TIME) NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME METER CLOSING READING METER OPENING READING INDICATED VOLUME AVERAGE FLOW RATE GROSS VOLUME AVERAGE METER FACTOR OBSERVED DENSITY OBSERVED TEMPERATURE DENSITY AT 60F WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CTLm) WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE PRESSURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CPLm) COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm) NET STD VOL AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig) NET STD VOL AT 15C & 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)) NET WEIGHT NET WEIGHT

XXXXX AAAAAAAA MM/DD/YY HH:MM MM/DD/YY HH:MM XX.XXX hours XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXX bbl XXXXX.X bbl/h XXXXXX.XX bbl X.XXXX XXX.X deg API A XXX.X F A XXX.X deg API XXX.X F X.XXXX XXXX.0 psig X.XXXX X.XXXX XXXXXXX.XX bbls XXXXXX.XXX m XXXXXX.XX long tons XXXXXX.XX metric tons

NON-NEGOTIABLE, NON-TRANSFERABLE SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY CHECKED FOR Saudi Aramco BY: ______________________________________ DATE:_____________________ WITNESSED BY:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER TICKET


Commentary Note: For ticket purposes, the terms "delivery" and "receipt" are defined from the perspective of the bulk plant or refinery. A transfer to a pipeline or marine vessel at a refinery or bulk plant is considered a delivery from the refinery or bulk plant, and a transfer from a pipeline or marine vessel to a bulk plant is considered a receipt at the bulk plant. A new ticket shall be initiated upon delivery or receipt of a new batch; automatically at a configurable date/time and/or daily time; or when manually initiated by the operator. The ticket is printed after the operator inputs a manual density, or designates use of the density from the density meter. DELIVERY - Marked "X" when meter is designated as a delivery meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. RECEIPT - Marked "X" when meter is designated as a receipt meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. METER TICKET NUMBER Computer generated number. Numbers for each meter are consecutively assigned by the metering system computer beginning with 12:00 midnight of the 1st day of each year. OFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as an "official" transfer. UNOFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as a non-transfer. RECALCULATED Marked "X" whenever the operator commands a recalculation of the ticket following input or acceptance of the density data. ACCEPTED Marked "X" when the operator accepts the ticket. After a ticket has been accepted, the MSC shall prohibit recalculation. LOCATION - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. PRINT DATE/TIME - Date and time when ticket is printed. DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE, MODEL - Alpha-numeric values entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER TAG NO., SERIAL NO., NOMINAL K FACTOR - Alpha-numeric values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the ticket calculations. 1 BATCH NUMBER - Entered by operator or from metering system computer. A "dummy" number of "00000" shall be automatically entered by the metering supervisory computer for a ticket designated as "Unofficial". LIQUID Selected by operator from a graphical user interface menu (e.g., Gasoline, Diesel, Jet A1). Menu is established in the metering system computer during initialization.

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34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

METER CLOSING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt stops as determined by flow computer. METER OPENING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt starts as determined by flow computer. NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME: Calculated by flow computer. Item 3 -Item 4 -Idle Time. METER CLOSING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt stops, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/bbl). METER OPENING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt starts, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/bbl). INDICATED VOLUME: Item 6 minus Item 7 AVERAGE FLOW RATE: Item 8 divided by Item 5 TOTAL GROSS VOLUME: Calculated by flow computer. See calculation sequence for details. AVERAGE METER FACTOR: Item 10 divided by Item 8. Metering system computer adds an asterisk "*" when the previous meter factor is used. OBSERVED DENSITY: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Metering system computer adds an "M" when the value is entered manually by the operator. OBSERVED TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Item shall be followed by an "M" when entered manually by the operator. DENSITY AT 60F: Calculated from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using Items 12 and 13. WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CTLm): Calculated by flow computer from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using Items 14 and 15. WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CPLm): Calculated by flow computer from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products or Lubricating Oils Commodity Group using Items 14, 15 and 17. COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm): Item 16 * Item 18. NET VOLUME AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig): Item 10 * Item 19. NET VOLUME AT 15C & 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)): Item 20 * Conversion factor from ASTM D1250-80, Table 52. Conversion factor is determined from Table 52 using Item 14. LONG TONS: Item 20 * Conversion Factor from ASTM D1250-80, Table 11. Conversion factor is determined from Table 11 using Item 14. METRIC TONS: Item 22 * Conversion factor from ASTM D1250-80, Table 1.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

#Attachment 2C: Meter Ticket - Crude Oil (USC Units)


METER TICKET SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) ( ) DELIVERY OR ( ) RECEIPT TICKET XXXX ( ) OFFICIAL ( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ACCEPTED PRINT DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM METER SIZE (in): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: XXX.XXX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA

( ) RECALCULATED LOCATION: AAAAAAAA DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA

PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: AAAAAAAA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. BATCH NUMBER TYPE OF LIQUID METER CLOSING READING (DATE/TIME) METER OPENING READING (DATE/TIME) NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME METER CLOSING READING METER OPENING READING INDICATED VOLUME AVERAGE FLOW RATE GROSS VOLUME AVERAGE METER FACTOR OBSERVED DENSITY OBSERVED TEMPERATURE DENSITY AT 60F WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CTLm) WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE PRESSURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CPLm) SEDIMENT & WATER SEDIMENT & WATER CORRECTION FACTOR (CSW) COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm) NET STD VOL AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig) NET STD VOL AT 15C & 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)) NET WEIGHT NET WEIGHT XXXXX XXXXXXXX MM/DD/YY HH:MM MM/DD/YY HH:MM XX.XXX hours XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXX bbl XXXXX.X bbl/h XXXXXX.XX bbl X.XXXX XXX.X deg API A XXX.X F A XXX.X deg API XXX.X F X.XXXX XXXX.0 psig X.XXXX XX.XXX % X.XXXXX X.XXXX XXXXXXX.XX bbls XXXXXX.XXX m XXXXXX.XX long tons XXXXXX.XX metric tons

NON-NEGOTIABLE, NON-TRANSFERABLE SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY CHECKED FOR Saudi Aramco BY: ______________________________________ DATE:_____________________ WITNESSED BY:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER TICKET


Commentary Note: For ticket purposes, the terms "delivery" and "receipt" are defined from the perspective of the bulk plant or refinery. A transfer to a pipeline or marine vessel at a refinery or bulk plant is considered a delivery from the refinery or bulk plant, and a transfer from a pipeline or marine vessel to a bulk plant is considered a receipt at the bulk plant. A new ticket shall be initiated upon delivery or receipt of a new batch; automatically at a configurable date/time and/or daily time; or when manually initiated by the operator. The ticket is printed after the operator inputs a manual density, or designates use of the density from the density meter, and inputs the sediment and water content. DELIVERY - Marked "X" when meter is designated as a delivery meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. RECEIPT - Marked "X" when meter is designated as a receipt meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. METER TICKET NUMBER Computer generated number. Numbers for each meter are consecutively assigned by the metering system computer beginning with 12:00 midnight of the 1st day of each year. OFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as an "official" transfer. UNOFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as a non-transfer. RECALCULATED Marked "X" whenever the operator commands a recalculation of the ticket following input or acceptance of the density data and input of the sediment and water content. ACCEPTED Marked "X" when the operator accepts the ticket. After a ticket has been accepted, the MSC shall prohibit recalculation. LOCATION - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. PRINT DATE/TIME - Date and time when ticket is printed. DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE, MODEL - Alpha-numeric values entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER TAG NO., SERIAL NO., NOMINAL K FACTOR - Alpha-numeric values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the ticket calculations. 1 BATCH NUMBER - Entered by operator or from metering system computer. A "dummy" number of "00000" shall be automatically entered by the metering supervisory computer for a ticket designated as "Unofficial". LIQUID Selected by operator from a graphical user interface menu (e.g., Arabian Light, Arabian Medium, etc.). Menu is established in the metering system computer during initialization.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

METER CLOSING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt stops as determined by flow computer. METER OPENING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt starts as determined by flow computer. NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME: Calculated by flow computer. Item 3 - Item 4 -Idle Time. METER CLOSING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt stops, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/bbl). METER OPENING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt starts, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/bbl). INDICATED VOLUME: Item 6 minus Item 7 AVERAGE FLOW RATE: Item 8 divided by Item 5 TOTAL GROSS VOLUME: Calculated by flow computer. See calculation sequence for details. AVERAGE METER FACTOR: Item 10 divided by Item 8. Metering system computer adds an asterisk "*" when the previous meter factor is used. OBSERVED DENSITY: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Metering system computer adds an "M" when the value is entered manually by the operator. OBSERVED TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Item shall be followed by an "M" when entered manually by the operator. DENSITY AT 60 F: Determined from ASTM D1250-52 Table 5 using Items 12 and 13. WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CTLm): Calculated by flow computer from ASTM D1250-52 Table 6 using Items 14 and 15. WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CPLm): Calculated by flow computer from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils Commodity Group using Items 14, 15 and 17. SEDIMENT & WATER CONTENT: Entered manually by operator. SEDIMENT & WATER CORRECTION FACTOR: 1 - (Item 19 / 100) COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm): Item 16 * Item 18 * Item 20. NET VOLUME AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig): Item 10 * Item 21. NET VOLUME AT 15C & 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)): Item 22 * Conversion Factor from ASTM D1250-52, Table 52. Conversion factor is determined from Table 52 using Item 14. LONG TONS: Item 22 * Conversion Factor from ASTM D1250-52, Table 11. Conversion factor is determined from Table 11 using Item 14. METRIC TONS: Item 22 * Conversion factor from ASTM D1250-52, Table 1.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

#Attachment 2D: Meter Ticket - Natural Gasoline, Butane, Propane & NGL (USC Units) METER TICKET SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY (Saudi Aramco) ( ) DELIVERY OR ( ) RECEIPT TICKET XXXX ( ) OFFICIAL
LOCATION: AAAAAAAA DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM: AAAAAAAA METER MANUFACTURER: METER MODEL: METER SERIAL NUMBER: AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA AAAAAAAA

( ) UNOFFICIAL ( ) ACCEPTED
PRINT DATE/TIME: MM/DD/YY HH:MM METER SIZE (in): NOMINAL K FACTOR: METER TAG NUMBER: XXX.XXX 5 DIGITS AAAAAAAA

( ) RECALCULATED

PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER: AAAAAAAA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. BATCH NUMBER TYPE OF LIQUID METER CLOSING READING (DATE/TIME) METER OPENING READING (DATE/TIME) NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME METER CLOSING READING METER OPENING READING INDICATED VOLUME AVERAGE FLOW RATE GROSS VOLUME AVERAGE METER FACTOR OBSERVED RELATIVE DENSITY OBSERVED TEMPERATURE RELATIVE DENSITY AT 60F WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CTLm) WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE PRESSURE CORRECTION FACTOR (CPLm) COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm) NET STD VOL AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig) NET STD VOL AT 15C & 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)) NET WEIGHT NET WEIGHT XXXXX AAAAAAAA MM/DD/YY HH:MM MM/DD/YY HH:MM XX.XXX hours XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXX bbl XXXXX.X bbl/h XXXXXX.XX bbl X.XXXX X.XXX5 A XXX.X F A X.XXXX XXX.X F X.XXXX XXXX.0 psig X.XXXX X.XXXX XXXXXXX.XX bbls XXXXXX.XXX m XXXXXX.XX long tons XXXXXX.XX metric tons

NON-NEGOTIABLE, NON-TRANSFERABLE SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY CHECKED FOR Saudi Aramco BY: ______________________________________ DATE:_____________________ WITNESSED BY:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

EXPLANATION OF METER TICKET


Commentary Note: For ticket purposes, the terms "delivery" and "receipt" are defined from the perspective of the bulk plant or refinery. A transfer to a pipeline or marine vessel at a refinery or bulk plant is considered a delivery from the refinery or bulk plant, and a transfer from a pipeline or marine vessel to a bulk plant is considered a receipt at the bulk plant. A new ticket shall be initiated upon delivery or receipt of a new batch; automatically at a configurable date/time and/or daily/time; or when manually initiated by the operator. The ticket is printed after the operator inputs a manual density, or designates use of the density from the density meter. DELIVERY - Marked "X" when meter is designated as a delivery meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. RECEIPT - Marked "X" when meter is designated as a receipt meter in the metering system computer or flow computer, as applicable. METER TICKET NUMBER Computer generated number. Numbers for each meter are consecutively assigned by the metering system computer beginning with 12:00 midnight of the 1st day of each year. OFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) OFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as an "official" transfer. UNOFFICIAL The report is marked "(X) UNOFFICIAL" if the operator designates the metering activity as a non-transfer. RECALCULATED Marked "X" whenever the operator commands a recalculation of the ticket following input or acceptance of the density data. ACCEPTED Marked "X" when the operator accepts the ticket. After a ticket has been accepted, the MSC prohibits recalculation. LOCATION - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. PRINT DATE/TIME - Date and time when ticket is printed. DELIVERED TO/RECEIVED FROM - Alpha-numeric value entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER MANUFACTURER, SIZE, MODEL - Alpha-numeric values entered in the metering system computer during initialization. METER TAG NO., SERIAL NO., NOMINAL K FACTOR - Alpha-numeric values entered in the flow computer during initialization. PRIMARY FLOW COMPUTER Alpha-numeric tag number from the flow computer performing the ticket calculations. 1 BATCH NUMBER - Entered by operator or from metering system computer. A "dummy" number of "00000" shall be automatically entered by the metering supervisory computer for a ticket designated as "Unofficial". LIQUID Selected by operator from a graphical user interface menu (e.g., Propane, Butane, etc.). Menu is established in the metering system computer during initialization.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

METER CLOSING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt stops as determined by flow computer. METER OPENING (DATE/TIME): Date and time delivery/receipt starts as determined by flow computer. NET DELIVERY/RECEIPT TIME: Calculated by flow computer. Item 3 - Item 4 - Idle Time METER CLOSING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt stops, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/bbl). METER OPENING READING: Total accumulated meter pulses at the time the delivery/receipt starts, divided by the nominal K factor (pulses/bbl). INDICATED VOLUME: Item 6 minus Item 7 AVERAGE FLOW RATE: Item 8 divided by Item 5 TOTAL GROSS VOLUME: Calculated by flow computer. See calculation sequence for details. AVERAGE METER FACTOR: Item 10 divided by Item 8. Metering system computer adds an asterisk "*" when the previous meter factor is used. OBSERVED DENSITY: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Metering system computer adds an "M" when the value is entered manually by the operator. OBSERVED TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer or fixed value entered by operator. Item shall be followed by an "M" when entered manually by the operator. DENSITY AT 60F: Determined from ASTM D1250-52 Table 23 using Item 12 and 13. WEIGHTED AVERAGE TEMPERATURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CTLm): Calculated by flow computer from ASTM D1250-52 Table 24 using Items 14 and 15. WEIGHTED AVERAGE PRESSURE: Calculated by flow computer. CORRECTION FACTOR FOR EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON LIQUID IN METER (CPLm): Calculated by flow computer from algorithm for ASTM D1250-04, Generalized Crude Oils or Refined Products Commodity Group or API MPMS 11.2.2 and 11.2.2 Addendum algorithms using Items 14, 15 and 17. COMBINED CORRECTION FACTOR (CCFm): Item 16 * Item 18. NET VOLUME AT 60F & 14.696 psia (0 psig): Item 10 * Item 19. NET VOLUME AT 15C & 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)): Item 20 * Conversion factor from ASTM D1250-52, Table 52. Conversion factor is determined from Table 52 using Item 14. LONG TONS: Item 20 * Conversion Factor from ASTM D1250-52, Table 11. Conversion factor is determined from Table 11 using Item 14. METRIC TONS: Item 22 * Conversion factor from ASTM D1250-52, Table 1.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

# Attachment 3 Meter Ticket Calculations


Commentary Note: The following calculation sequence which involves delivery/receipt of refined products within Distribution Operations is intended to illustrate the steps to be undertaken by the flow computer for determining the delivery/receipt volumes. Minor modifications to the sequence, volume correction factor tables and/or units of measurement may be required when a delivery/receipt involves a different commodity or location.

SUMMARY 1 At scan intervals not to exceed 1 second, each flow computer reads the process data and performs volume calculations for its assigned meters. The calculated quantities for each scan include, but are not limited to: Flow rate for scan Total idle time Meter reading following scan Indicated volume for scan Total indicated volume following scan Gross volume for scan Total gross volume following scan Flow-weighted average observed density Flow-weighted average observed temperature Flow-weighted average meter temperature Flow-weighted average meter pressure Gross volumes are calculated using a product-specific table consisting of up to 12 meter factors and corresponding flow rates (base meter calibration curve) to determine the meter factors. 2 At the conclusion of the ticket period, the flow computer computes the ticket quantities.

NOMENCLATURE BATCH CF52A A distinct volume of a single product shipped in a pipeline, between TIME0 and TIME3. Factor from ASTM D1250-80 Table 52, used to convert net standard volume in cubic meters at 15C and 101.325 kPa (0 kPa (ga)) to net standard volume in barrels at 60F and 14.696 psia (0 psig). Correction for effect of pressure on metered liquid for ticket. Correction for effect of temperature on metered liquid for ticket. Average density at 15C for ticket. Average observed density (kg/m).
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CPLm CTLm DEN15 DENOBS

Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

FRi FRN FRWA GV GV1 GV1i GV2i GVC1 IDLE IDLE% IDLEi IV IV1 IVi LT MF1i MF2i MFA1 MFCPFRN MFPPFRN MFBFRN MFBi MFWA MFWA1 MRc MRi MRi-1 MRo MT

Flow rate for any Scan i. Normal meter flow rate. Entered in computer at initialization. Average flow rate for ticket. Gross Volume Gross volume for PERIOD1. Gross volume following Scan i in PERIOD1. Gross volume following Scan i in PERIOD2. Gross volume for PERIOD1 corrected for current meter factor. Total idle time for ticket. Configurable percentage of normal meter flow rate below which the scan time is accumulated as idle time. Idle time at conclusion of Scan i. Total indicated volume for ticket. Total indicated volume for PERIOD1. Total indicated volume following any Scan i. Net quantity delivered/received expressed in long tons. Meter factor at current flow rate (FRi) during any Scan i in PERIOD 1. Meter factor at current flow rate (FRi) during any Scan i in PERIOD 2. Meter factor for PERIOD1 adjusted for current proving. Meter factor from proving during current batch adjusted to normal meter flow rate (FRN). Meter factor from proving during previous batch adjusted to normal meter flow rate (FRN). Meter factor interpolated from meter's base calibration curve at the normal meter flow rate (FRN). Meter factor interpolated from meter's base calibration curve at the current flow rate (FRi) during any Scan i in PERIOD1 or PERIOD2. Average meter factor for ticket. Average meter factor for PERIOD1 prior to adjustment for current proving. Closing meter reading at the end of the batch. Meter reading at the end of the Scan i. Meter reading at the end of Scan i-1. Opening meter reading at the beginning of the batch. Net quantity delivered/received expressed in metric tons.
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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

NETTIME NKF NSV15 NSV60 PERIOD1 PERIOD2 PERIODi Pi PULSESi PWA PWAi RHOOBS RHOOBSi RHOOBSWAi TCP Ti TIME0 TIME1 TIME2 TIME3 TOBS TOBSi TOBSWAi TWA TWAi Vi

Net delivery time. Nominal K factor (pulses/m or pulses/bbl) assigned to a meter based on VENDOR calibration. Net standard volume delivered/received expressed in m at 15C and 101.325 kPa [0 kPa (ga)]. Net standard volume delivered/received expressed in barrels at 60F and 14.696 psia (0 psig). Period of time from start of batch to last scan prior to acceptance of new meter factor (TIME0 to TIME1). Period of time from last scan prior to acceptance of new meter factor to end of ticket (TIME1 to TIME3). Flow computer scan period (seconds) for any Scan i. (Must be less than 60 seconds.) Pressure of the meter at any scan i The flow pulses received by the computer and accumulated in a counter for any Scan i. Average meter pressure for ticket. Average meter pressure following any Scan i. Average observed density for ticket (kg/L). Observed density for any Scan i. Average observed density following any Scan i. Temperature of the meter at current proving. Temperature of the meter at any Scan i. Time of ticket initiation (start of PERIOD1). Time of last scan prior to acceptance of a new meter factor (end of PERIOD1). Time when a new meter factor is accepted. Time of ticket completion (end of PERIOD2). Average density temperature for ticket. Density temperature for any Scan i. Average density temperature following any Scan i. Average meter temperature for ticket. Average meter temperature following any Scan i. Volume for any Scan i in PERIOD1 or PERIOD2.

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

# Attachment 4 Rounding Conventions


Values on the proving report and meter ticket shall be rounded in accordance with API MPMS Chapter 12.2., Part 1, Paragraph 1.7.1 and Part 2, Section 7.1, as follows: When the figure to the right of the last place to be retained is 5 or greater, the figure in the last place to be retained should be increased by 1. If the figure to the right of the last place to be retained is less than 5, the figure in the last place retained should be unchanged.

PROVING REPORT (METRIC UNITS) Observed Density Observed Temperature Density at 15C Base Prover Volume Prover Outside Diameter Prover Wall Thickness Prover Coefficient of Cubical Expansion Prover Modulus of Elasticity Prover Temperature Prover Pressure CTSp CPSp CTLp CPLp CCFp Gross Standard Volume for Prover Nominal K Factor Meter Indicated Volume Meter Temperature Meter Pressure CTLm CPLm CCFm Gross Standard Volume for Meter Meter Factor X.XXX5 kg/L XX.X5C XXXX.X kg/m AB.XXXX m A.XXXXX m 0.XXXXXX m XXX.XX mm XX.XX mm 0.0000XXX/ C XXX,XXX,XXX kPa XX.X5C XXXX kPa (ga) X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX AB.XXXX m A.XXXXX m 0.XXXXXX m 5 Digits pulses/m AB.XXXX m A.XXXXX m 0.XXXXXX m XX.X5C XXXX kPa (ga) X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX AB.XXXX m A.XXXXX m 0.XXXXXX m X.XXXX

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 RECEIPT/ DELIVERY TICKET (METRIC UNITS) Nominal K Factor Time Opening Meter Reading Closing Meter Reading Indicated Volume Average Flow Rate Gross Volume Average Meter Factor Observed Density Observed Temperature Density at 15C Weighted Average Temperature CTLm Weighted Average Pressure CPLm CCFm Net Standard Volume Net Standard Volume Net Weight Net Weight PROVING REPORT (USC UNITS) Observed Density Observed Temperature Density at 60F Base Prover Volume XXX.X deg API X.XXX5 RD XXX.X F XXX.X deg API X.XXXX RD ABC.XXXX bbl AB.XXXX bbl A.XXXXX bbl 0.XXXXXX bbl XX.XXX in X.XXX in 0.0000XXX/F XX,XXX,XXX psi XXX.X F XXX.0 psig X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

5 Digits pulses/m XX.XXX hours XXXXXXXX m XXXXXXXX m XXXXXX m XXXXX.X m/h XXXXXX.XXX m X.XXXX X.XXX5 kg/L XX.X5C XXXX.X kg/m XX.X5C X.XXXX XXXX.0 kPa (ga) X.XXXX X.XXXX XXXXXX.XXX m XXXXXX.XX bbls XXXXXX.XX metric tons XXXXXX.XX long tons

Prover Outside Diameter Prover Wall Thickness Prover Coefficient of Cubical Expansion Prover Modulus of Elasticity Prover Temperature Prover Pressure CTSp CPSp CTLp CPLp CCFp

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013 Gross Standard Volume for Prover ABC.XXXX bbl AB.XXXX bbl A.XXXXX bbl 0.XXXXXX bbl 5 Digits pulses/bbl ABC.XXXX bbl AB.XXXX bbl A.XXXXX bbl 0.XXXXXX bbl XXX.X F XXX.0 psig X.XXXXX X.XXXXX X.XXXXX ABC.XXXX bbl AB.XXXX bbl A.XXXXX bbl 0.XXXXXX bbl X.XXXX

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Nominal K Factor Meter Indicated Volume

Meter Temperature Meter Pressure CTLm CPLm CCFm Gross Standard Volume for Meter

Meter Factor RECEIPT/ DELIVERY TICKET (USC UNITS) Nominal K Factor Time Opening Meter Reading Closing Meter Reading Indicated Volume Average Flow Rate Gross Volume Average Meter Factor Observed Density Observed Temperature Density at 60F Weighted Average Temperature CTLm Weighted Average Pressure CPLm Sediment & Water Content CSW CCFm Net Standard Volume Net Standard Volume Net Weight Net Weight

5 Digits pulses/bbl XX.XXX hour XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXXXX bbl XXXXXX bbl XXXXX.X bbl/h XXXXXX.XX bbl X.XXXX XXX.X deg API X.XXX5 RD XXX.X F XXX.X deg API X.XXXX RD XXX.X F X.XXXX XXXX.0 psig X.XXXX XX.XXX X.XXXXX X.XXXX XXXXXX.XX bbls XXXXXX.XXX m XXXXXX.XX long tons XXXXXX.XX metric tons

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Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Issue Date: 2 May 2009 Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

34-SAMSS-841 Flow Computer for Custody Transfer Measurement of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Appendix 1 Approval Agencies for Equipment in Hazardous Area


USA

USA/Canada USA USA Canada UK Belgium France France Germany Switzerland Italy Netherlands Europe

Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL) Intertek Testing Services (ITSNA) Note: Formerly known as ETL. National Recognized Testing Laboratory Factory Mutual Research Corp. (FM) Canadian Standards Assn. (CSA) Electrical Equipment Certification Service (EECS) Note: EECS operates the BASEEFA certification scheme. Institute National des Industries Extractives (INIEX) Centre d'Etudes et Recherches de Charbonnages de France (CHERCHAR) Laboratoire Central des Industries Electriques (LCIE) Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) Schweizerischer Elektrotechnischer Verein (SEV) Centro Elettrotechnico Sperimentale Italiano (CESI) KEMA Nederland B.V. (KEMA) ATEX directive 94/9/EC

Labeled or listed Labeled or listed Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified Certified

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