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Object 1

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Write the participle forms of the following verbs. shut shut ;spend spent ;give given ;teach taught ;sell sold Complete the table in present perfect simple. positive We have chatted. The lesson has started.subject auxiliary verb - main verb negative We have not chatted.Subject auxiliary verb - not - main verb The lesson has not started. question Have we chatted?auxiliary verb - Subject - main verb Has the lesson started? auxiliary verb - subject - main verb

We have won.subject - auxiliary We have not won.subject - auxiliary Have we won? verb - main verb verb - not - main verb Has she turned around? She has not turned around.subject She has turned around. auxiliary verb - subject - main auxiliary verb - not - main verb verb They have arrived.subject Have they arrived?auxiliary They have not arrived. auxiliary verb - main verb verb - subject - main verb Write sentences in present perfect simple. 1. we / reach / our goal - We have reached our goal.With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.-----regular verb - just add 'ed' 2. our team / lose / the match - Our team has lost the match.With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.--irregular verb - 3rd column of irregular verbs (lose-lost-lost) 3. she / underline / the word - She has underlined the word.With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.---regular verb ending in 'e' - only add 'd' 4. they / not / discover / the treasure - They have not discovered the treasure.With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.--regular verb - just add 'ed' 5. Ron / not / talk / about the problem - Ron has not talked about the problem.With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.---regular verb - just add 'ed'

Object 2

Write questions in present perfect simple. 1. you / knock / at the door - Have you knocked at the door?With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.--regular verb - just add 'ed' 2. the teacher / mark / the tests - Has the teacher marked the tests?With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.--regular verb - just add 'ed' 3. she / buy / a new computer - Has she bought a new computer?With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.--irregular verb - 3rd column of irregular verbs (buy-bought-bought) 4. they / rescue / the girl - Have they rescued the girl?With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.--regular verb ending in 'e' - only add 'd' 5. Brad / wear / a blue shirt - Has Brad worn a blue shirt?With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.--irregular verb - 3rd column of irregular verbs (wear-wore-worn)

Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence. 1. They have seen him at the library. - Where have they seen him?interrogative - auxiliary verb subject - main verb 2. Robby Robber has robbed another bank. - What has Robby Robber robbed?interrogative auxiliary verb - subject - main verb 3. Bill has ordered three desserts. - How many desserts has Bill ordered?interrogative - auxiliary verb - subject - main verb 4. Clara has repeated the sentence five times. - How often has Clara repeated the sentence? interrogative - auxiliary verb - subject - main verb 5. Jane has asked a question. - Who has asked a question?If we ask for the subject, simply replace the subject with 'who' (for people) or 'what' (for things). The rest of the sentence remains the same.

Present Perfect Simple


Positive Negative Question I / you / we / the I have spoken. I have not spoken. Have I spoken? y He has not he / she / it He has spoken. Has he spoken? spoken. The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result. For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see list of irregular verbs, 3rd column). For regular verbs, just add ed. Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ed Exceptions in spelling when adding ed after a final e only add d final consonant after a short, stressed vowel or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled final y after a consonant becomes i Example love loved admit admitted travel travelled hurry hurried

Use of Present Perfect


puts emphasis on the result .Example: She has written five letters. action that is still going on .Example: School has not started yet. action that stopped recently .Example: She has cooked dinner. finished action that has an influence on the present .Example: I have lost my key. action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking Example: I have never been to Australia. Signal Words of Present Perfect

already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now

Write the participle forms of the following verbs. make made ;drink drunk ;catch caught ;have had ;sit sat Complete the table in present perfect simple. positive He has swum. She has slept.subject - auxiliary verb - main verb You have phoned.subject auxiliary verb - main verb negative He has not swum.Subject - auxiliary verb - not - main verb She has not slept. question Has he swum?auxiliary verb - subject - main verb Has she slept?auxiliary verb subject - main verb

You have not phoned.Subject Have you phoned? auxiliary verb - not - main verb Tina has not cried.Subject - auxiliary Has Tina cried?auxiliary verb Tina has cried. verb - not - main verb - subject - main verb They have run.subject - auxiliary Have they run?auxiliary verb They have not run. verb - main verb - subject - main verb Write sentences in present perfect simple. 1. Phil / not / miss / the bus - Phil has not missed the bus.With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.---regular verb - just add 'ed' 2. they / not / plant / a tree - They have not planted a tree.With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.---regular verb - just add 'ed' 3. Vanessa / catch / the ball - Vanessa has caught the ball.VWith he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.---irregular verb - 3rd column of irregular verbs (catch-caught-caught) 4. we / sell / our old car - We have sold our old car.With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.---irregular verb - 3rd column of irregular verbs (sell-sold-sold) 5. the train / leave / the station - The train has left the station.With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.---irregular verb - 3rd column of irregular verbs (leave-left-left) Write questions in present perfect simple. 1. you / correct / my mistakes - Have you corrected my mistakes?With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.---regular verb - just add 'ed' 2. you / practise / your English - Have you practised your English?With I, you, we, they or a plural noun, use have.---regular verb, das auf 'e' endet - only add 'd' 3. she / tidy up / her room - Has she tidied up her room?With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.---regular verb, ending in consonant (d) + 'y' - 'y' becomes 'i', then add 'ed' 4. the boss / sign / the letter - Has the boss signed the letter?With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has.---regular verb - just add 'ed' 5. Mary / shut / the door - Has Mary shut the door?With he, she, it or a singular noun, use has. irregular verb - 3rd column of irregular verbs (shut-shut-shut)

Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence. 1. Tony has built a house. - What has Tony built?interrogative - auxiliary verb - subject - main verb 2. Avril has crossed the street at the traffic lights. - Where has Avril crossed the street? interrogative - auxiliary verb - subject - main verb 3. They have never been to Australia. - How often have they been to Australia?interrogative auxiliary verb - subject - main verb 4. Rupert has dialled the number. - Who has dialled the number?If we ask for the subject, simply replace the subject with 'who' (for people) or 'what' (for things). The rest of the sentence remains the same. 5. Betty has spent 200 euros at the shopping mall. - How much has Betty spent at the shopping mall?interrogative - auxiliary verb - subject - main verb

Fill the gaps with 'have' or 'has'. 1. I 2. She 3. They 4. You 5. It 6. We 7. He 8. Jenny 9. The girls 10.John and Sophie answered the question. opened the window. called us. carried a box. rained a lot. washed the car. closed the window. locked the door. visited the museum. helped in the garden.

have or has
Fill the gaps with 'have' or 'has'. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. I haveWith I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. answered the question. She hasWith he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. opened the window. They haveWith I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. called us. You haveWith I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. carried a box. It hasWith he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. rained a lot. We haveWith I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. washed the car. He hasWith he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. closed the window.

8. Jenny hasWith he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. locked the door. 9. The girls haveWith I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. visited the museum. 10.John and Sophie haveWith I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. NOte: John and Sophie are both singular nouns, but together they are 2 people (=plural), that's why we use have helped in the garden.

Exercise on Present Perfect Simple


Questions with Interrogative Particles in Present Perfect Simple
Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence. 1. I have been in the garden. 2. My sister has cooked dinner. 3. Sue has read the book twice. 4. My computer has crashed. 5. Jeane has been on holiday for eight days. 6. Fred has done his homework. 7. Gavin has stopped at the corner. 8. Sarah has bought five books. 9. Jason has talked to his teacher. 10.Catherine has cleaned the house because she is having a party tonight.

Questions with Interrogative Particles in Present Perfect Simple


Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence. 1. I have been in the garden. - Where have you been?interrogative particle - have/has - subject main verb 2. My sister has cooked dinner. Who has cooked dinner?If we ask for the subject, we only replace the subject with 'who' (for people) or 'what' (for things). 3. Sue has read the book twice. - How often has Sue read the book?interrogative particle have/has - subject - main verb 4. My computer has crashed. - What has crashed?If we ask for the subject, we only replace the subject with 'who' (for people) or 'what' (for things). 5. Jeane has been on holiday for eight days. How long has Jeane been on holiday?interrogative particle - have/has - subject - main verb 6. Fred has done his homework. What has Fred done?interrogative particle - have/has - subject main verb 7. Gavin has stopped at the corner. Where has Gavin stopped?interrogative particle - have/has -

subject - main verb 8. Sarah has bought five books. - How many books has Sarah bought?interrogative particle have/has - subject - main verb 9. Jason has talked to his teacher. Who has Jason talked to?interrogative particle - have/has subject - main verb 10.Catherine has cleaned the house because she is having a party tonight. Why has Catherine cleaned the house?interrogative particle - have/has - subject - main verb

Exercise on Present Perfect Simple


Questions in Present Perfect Simple
Write questions in present perfect simple. 1. you / answer / the question 2. Jenny / lock / the door 3. Walter / call / us 4. you / see / the picture 5. your parents / get / the letter 6. it / rain / a lot 7. how often / we / sing / the song 8. Maureen / watch / the film 9. how many books / Bob / read 10.ever / you / be / to London

Exercise on Present Perfect Simple


Questions in Present Perfect Simple
Write questions in present perfect simple. 1. Have you answered the question?With I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. regular verb - just add 'ed' 2. Has Jenny locked the door?With he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. regular verb - just add 'ed' 3. Has Walter called us?With he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. regular verb - just add 'ed' 4. Have you seen the picture?With I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have.

irregular verb - 3rd form (column) of irregular verbs (see-saw-seen) 5. Have your parents got the letter?We use have with plural nouns (parents). irregular verb - 3rd form (column) of irregular verbs (get-got-got) 6. Has it rained a lot?With he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. regular verb - just add 'ed' 7. How often have we sung the song?With I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. irregular verb - 3rd form (column) of irregular verbs (sing-sang-sung) 8. Has Maureen watched the film?With he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. regular verb - just add 'ed' 9. How many books has Bob read?With he, she, it or a singular noun, we use has. irregular verb - 3rd form (column) of irregular verbs (read-read-read) 10.Have you ever been to London?With I, you, we, they or plural nouns, we use have. irregular verb - 3rd form (column) of irregular verbs (be-was/were-been)

Present Perfect Simple


We use the present perfect to express what has (not) happened so far. (Note that no time in the past must be given otherwise you have to use simple past.) For further information, check out our grammar section: Present Perfect Simple. Write the verbs in present perfect simple. 1. Tourists from all over the world (be) 2. Most of them (see / not) to Loch Ness. Nessie, however. in

3. Only very few people say that the Loch Ness Monster (appear) front of them. 4. Even scientists (come) 5. And the boss of the Guinness brewery (promise) Pounds to the person who catches Nessie. to Loch Ness to find the monster.

to pay 500,000

Present Perfect Simple


We use the present perfect to express what has (not) happened so far. (Note that no time in the past must be given otherwise you have to use simple past.) Write the verbs in present perfect simple. 1. Tourists from all over the world have beenplural, that's why we use 'have' irregular verb - see 3rd column in the list of irregular verbs. to Loch Ness. 2. Most of them have not seenplural, that's why we use 'have' irregular verb - see 3rd column in the list of irregular verbs. Nessie, however. 3. Only very few people say that the Loch Ness Monster has appeared3rd person singular, that's

why we use 'has' regular verb - just add 'ed' in front of them. 4. Even scientists have comeplural, that's why we use 'have' irregular verb - see 3rd column in the list of irregular verbs. to Loch Ness to find the monster. 5. And the boss of the Guinness brewery has promised3rd person singular, that's why we use 'has' regular verb ending in 'e' - only add 'd'. to pay 500,000 Pounds to the person who catches Nessie.

Exercise on Present Perfect Simple


Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple). 1. I (not / work) 2. We (buy) 3. We (not / plan) 4. Where (be / you) 5. He (write) 6. She (not / see) 7. (be / you) 8. School (not / start) 9. (speak / he) 10.No, he (have / not)
have not worked

today. a new lamp. our holiday yet. ? five letters. him for a long time. at school? yet. to his boss? the time yet.

Exercise on Present Perfect Simple


Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple). 1. I have not workedI + have + past participle today. 2. We have boughtwe + have + past participle a new lamp. 3. We have not plannedwe + have + not + past participle our holiday yet. 4. Where have you beenquestion: have + you + past participle ? 5. He has writtenhe + has + past participle five letters. 6. She has not seenshe + has + not + past participle him for a long time. 7. Have you beenquestion: have + you + past participle at school? 8. School has not startedsingular noun + has + not + past participle yet. 9. Has he spokenquestion: has + he + past participle to his boss? 10.No, he has not hadhe + has + not + past participle the time yet.