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Past perfect and continuous - Trecutul perfect si continuu

1. Trecutul perfect

Trecutul perfect (Past perfect), exprima o actiune care a avut loc si s-a terminat in trecut, inaintea altei actiuni tot din trecut. Acesta se formeaza cu had + participiu trecut al verbului. - Este un timp utilizat mai des n limba englez dect n limba romn pentru exprimarea anteriorittii. Exemple:
He had lived in London before he moved to Romania. - El locuise in Londra inainte de a se muta in Romania. You had finished the book before I came. - Tu terminasesi cartea nainte s vin eu. Mother had cooked the dinner by the time father arrived home. - Mama gtise deja cina cnd a ajuns tata acas.

Forma negativa se formeaza cu had not (sau hadn't) si participiul trecut al verbului.
He hadn't lived in Paris before he moved to Romania. - El nu locuise in Paris inainte de a se muta in Romania. He had not finished the book before I came. - El nu terminase cartea nainte s vin eu.

Forma interogativa se formeaza prin inversiunea dintre auxiliarul had si subiect.


How long had it been since you saw each other? - Cat timp fusese de cand v-ati vazut?

Exista cateva conjunctii si adverbe ce se folosesc adesea in trecutul perfect pentru a marca succesiunea evenimentelor (actiunilor). Acestea sunt:
by the time that (in (din) momentul n care), when (cand), after (dupa), as soon as (de indata ce), ever(vreodat), never (niciodata), just (tocmai), before (inainte), already (deja), for [time period] (timp de [o perioada de timp]), since [point of time] (incepand cu /de la [un punct in timp]), never ... before (niciodat ... nainte sa).

Exemple:
When I arrived Susan had already left. - Cand am sosit Susan plecase deja. He had just come into the room when the telephone rang. - El tocmai intrase in camera cand a sunat telefonul.

Conjugare
I had walked - Eu ma plimbasem you had walked - Tu te plimbasesi He had walked - El se plimbase she had walked - Ea se plimbase it had walked - Se plimbase we had walked - Noi ne plimbasem you had walked - Voi va plimbasesi they had walked - Ei se plimbase

Trecutul perfect - exercitii

2. Trecutul perfect continuu

Trecutul perfect continuu (Past perfect continuous /progressive) se foloseste pentru a accentua faptul ca o actiune a fost in curs de desfasurare pe o anumita perioada de timp inaintea altei actiuni din trecut. Trecutul perfect continuu se formeaza cu: Had + been + participiu prezent (-ing). Exemple:
I had been waiting for my friend since seven oclock when he finally arrived. - l asteptam pe prietenul meu de la ora sapte, cnd n sfrsit a sosit. He had been writing poems for two years when I met him. - Scria poezii de doi ani cnd l-am cunoscut.

Forma negativa - se adauga not intre auxiliarul had si been.


It had not been raining when you came. - Nu ploua cand ai venit. Forma interogativa se obtine prin inversiunea auxiliarului had cu subiectul. Had you been swiming before she left the piscine? - Inotai inainte sa plece ea de la piscina

Conjugare
I had been walking - Eu ma plimbam you had been walking - Tu te plimbai He had been walking - El se plimba she had been walking - Ea se plimba it had been walking - Se plimba we had been walking - Noi ne plimbam you had been walking - Voi va plimbati they had been walking - Ei se plimbau

Exemplu:
They had been playing tennis when you wrote your homework. - Ei se jucau tenis cand tu ti-ai scris tema.

Trecut perfect continuu - Exercitii si teste incepatori


- Scrieti verbul din paranteze la timpul Trecut perfect continuu, in acord cu subiectul. Ex.: "I ___ (to learn)" - had been learning 1. I ___ (to walk)
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2. You ___ (to look for) 3. We ___ (to work) 4. He ___ (to write) 5. They ___ (to read) 6. She ___ (to crochet)
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7. I ___ over there (to go)

8. Your sisters ___ here. (to play) 9. The whale ___ a lot. (to eat)

10. The cheetah __ very fast. (to run)

11. You ___ in the street. (to laugh) 12. He ___ a book. (to buy)
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13. She ___ for 3 hours. (to wait) 14. I ___ this morning. (to jog)
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15. You ___ every evening. (to run) 16. We ___ all week. (to travel)
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