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Queen Annes Lace (Daucus carota)- Queen Anne's Lace, also called "Wild Carrot," is a common plant in dry

fields, ditches, and open areas. It was introduced from Europe, and the carrots that we eat today were once cultivated from this plant Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)- Japanese honeysuckle occurs across the southern U.S. from California to New England and the Great Lakes region. Escaped populations also occur in Hawaii. Severe winter temperatures and low precipitation may limit its distribution in northern latitudes and in the West, respectively. A ubiquitous invader, Japanese honeysuckle thrives in a wide variety of habitats including fields, forests, wetlands, barrens, and all types of disturbed lands. Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora)- Multiflora rose occurs throughout the U.S., with the exception of the Rocky Mountains, the southeastern Coastal Plain and the deserts of California and Nevada. Multiflora rose has a wide tolerance for various soil, moisture, and light conditions. It occurs in dense woods, prairies, along stream banks and roadsides and in open fields and pastures. They are from japan, Korea, and eastern china. Kudzu (Pueraria montana)-Kudzu is a vine native to asia and was introduced in the late 1800s. it was introduced for erosion control. Kudzu crowds out native species and takes over a area. Chinese Privet (Ligustrum sinense)- Privets invade lowland and upland sites and form dense thickets. These invasive shrubs colonize by root sprouts and seeds that are dispersed primarily by birds. Privets form dense stands in the understory of bottomland forests and exclude native plants, drastically altering wildlife habitat. Tree-ofHeaven (Ailanthus altissima)- Tree-of-heaven is a fast-growing tree and a prolific seeder, that can take over sites, replacing native plants and forming dense thickets. Ailanthus also produces chemicals that prevent the establishment of other plant species nearby. Its root system may be extensive and has been known to cause damage to sewers and foundations. Tree-of-heaven is occurs in many states across the continental U.S. and Hawaii and to date has been reported to be invasive in natural areas in 30 states , this plant is from china. Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)- Garlic mustard poses a severe threat to native plants and animals in forest communities in much of the eastern and midwestern U.S. Garlic mustard ranges from eastern Canada, south to Virginia and as far west as Kansas and Nebraska and is from Europe. Deeprooted Sedge (Cyperus entrerianus)- Deeprooted sedge is a wetland sedge that invades disturbed areas throughout the southeastern United States. Deeprooted sedge invades wet, disturbed areas such as highway ditches and field margins, where it can displace native vegetation. Construction, agricultural activities, and roadside mowing are spreading the seeds and dispersing this plant to new areas. Deeprooted sedge is native to South America and was accidentally introduced into the United States around 1990. Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea)- Perennial with creeping stems that root at the nodes and foliage that emits a mint-like odor when mowed. Primarily a weed of turfgrass and landscapes that is found in the northeastern, north-central and southern United States. Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica)- Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, Cogongrass is native to southeast Asia and infests nearly 500 million acres of plantation and agricultural land worldwide. It is found on every continent. Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)- Purple loosestrife is an erect perennial herb in the loosestrife family, with a square, woody stem and opposite or whorled leaves. Purple loosestrife adapts readily to natural and disturbed wetlands. As it establishes and expands, it outcompetes and replaces native grasses, sedges, and other flowering plants that provide a higher quality source of nutrition for wildlife. Chinese Silvergrass (Miscanthus sinensis)- Ecological Threat: Chinese silvergrass escapes from ornamental plantings and can form large clumps along disturbed areas, displacing native vegetation. The grass is also extremely flammable and increases fire risks of invaded areas. Chinese silvergrass is native to Asia and was introduced into the United States for ornamental purposes during the late 1800s Persian Silk Tree (Albizia julibrissin)- In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands. It has become an invasive species in Japan; and in the United States it has spread from southern New York, New Jersey and Connecticut, west to Missouri and Illinois, and south to Florida and Texas. It is cultivated in California and Oregon, but is not invasive there. Breeding work is currently under way in the United States to produce ornamental plants which will not set seed and can therefore be planted without risk. However, in the eastern United States it is generally a short-lived tree, being highly susceptible to mimosa vascular wilt. Puncturevine (Tribulus terrestris)- Puncturevine is an invasive annual low-spreading forb native to the Mediterranean. Fruit are circular, spiny burs that split into five sections. Burs can cause injury to bicycle tires, bare feet, and even small truck tires. Plants invade roadsides, pastures, fields, and other disturbed areas. Plants are toxic to sheep and other grazers. Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum)- Solanum viarum is a perennial, shrubby forb that is on the Federal Noxious Weed list. Solanum viarum invades pastures, fields, and parks, but also has the potential to invade open forest and other natural areas. This plant forms thick stands that can be impenetrable to livestock, large wildlife, and humans. Parrotfeather (Myriophyllum aquaticum)- parrotfeather is a non-native water plant. Parrotfeather forms dense mats of vegetation that can entirely cover the surface of the water in shallow lakes, ponds, ditches, and backwaters in rivers. The plant does not grow out into deep water, but will colonize all shallow waters. The tough stems make it difficult to boat, swim, fish, or water ski. It provides ideal habitat for mosquito larvae and the mass of the plant can cause flooding to occur. rom Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata)- Hydrilla is a submersed plant. It can grow to the surface and form dense mats. It may be found in all types of water bodies. Hydrilla stems are slender, branched and up to 25 feet long. Hydrilla's small leaves are strap-like and pointed. They grow in whorls of four to eight around the stem. The leaf

margins are distinctly saw-toothed. Hydrilla often has one or more sharp teeth along the length of the leaf mid-rib. Hydrilla produces tiny white flowers on long stalks. It also produces 1/4 inch turions at the leaf axils and potato-like tubers attached to the roots in the mud. Giant Salvinia (Salvinia molesta)- Giant salvinia is native to South America. It is a small free-floating plant that grows in clusters and develops into dense, floating mats or colonies in quiet water, undisturbed by wave action. Dense salvinia colonies provide Habitat for micro invertebrates but if salvinia completely covers the surface of a pond it will cause oxygen depletions. These colonies will also eliminate submerged plants by blocking sunlight penetration. Alligator Weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides)- alligator weed was First reported in Alabama in 1897, it forms dense mats that crowd out native species and impede recreational activities such as boating, swimming, and fishing Creeping Waterprimrose (Ludwigia peploides)- Creeping water primrose is a perennial plant that stands erect along the shoreline but also forms long runners (up to 16 feet) that creep across wet soil or float out across the water surface. Kingdom: Animal European Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar) Hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae) Red Imported Fire Ant (Solenopsis invicta) Cabbage White (Pieris rapae) Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) Vertebrate Burmese Python (Python molurus bivittatus) Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) Nutria (Myocastor coypus) Animal: Aquatic Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) Banded Mystery Snail (Viviparus georgianus) Asian Clam (Corbicula fluminea) Red-rimmed Melania (Melanoides tuberculata) Veined Rapa Whelk (Rapana venosa) Vertebrate Red Lionfish (Pterois volitans) Northern Snakehead (Channa argus) Flathead Catfish (Pylodictis olivaris) Red Shiner (Cyprinella lutrensis) Black Carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) Asian Swamp Eel (Monopterus albus) Common Rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus) Blueback Herring (Alosa aestivalis) Kingdom: Fungi Chestnut Blight (Cryphonectria parasitica)Dutch Elm Disease (Ophiostoma ulmi) Laurel Wilt (Raffaelea lauricola) (animal vector) Kingdom:Parasite Whirling Disease (Myxobolus cerebralis) Eel swimbladder nematode (Anguillicoloides crassus) Kingdom: Virus West Nile (Flavivirus) Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia (VHS) (Novirhabdovirus) VOCAB Native: of the area it was first in. Exotic: Originating in or characteristic of a distant foreign country. Invasive: Tending to spread prolifically and undesirably or harmfully. Extirpated: Rooted out and destroyed completely Indigenous: Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native: "the indigenous peoples of Siberia". Endemic: Regularly found among particular people or in a certain area.