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## Isi dokumen ini sepenuhnya merupakan milik SMPN1PDG dan tidak

LESSON PLAN

diperbolehkan menggandakan baik sebagian maupun seluruhnya tanpa seijin tertulis dari manajemen SMPN1PDG

A. Identities School Grade / Semester Subject SMPN 1 Padang VIII / I Science-Physics 3. Comprehending work, force, and energy role in daily life. Basic Competence
3.2 Explain the relationship between energy form and the energy conversion, work and energy principle, and applied in daily life

Indicators

1. Explain the meaning of energy 2. Explain the kind of energy and the example 3. Explain kind energy conversion 4. Explain Law of energy preservation

Allocation of time

## 3 x 40 Minutes (1x meeting)

B. Learning Objectives After following the learning process, the students are be able to: 1. Explain the meaning of energy 2. Explain the kind of energy and its examples 3. Explain kind energy conversion 4. Explain energy transformation 5. Explain law of energy preservation 6. Determine potential energy and kinetic energy 7. Explain concept of mechanic energy

## C. Learning Materials ENERGY

A. Meaning of energy Energy is the ability to conduct work. The unit of energy in SI is joule (J). The relation between joule and calorie is as follows 1 calorie = 4.2 joule or 1 joule = 0.24 calorie B. The kind of energy and its examples 1. Heat energy Heat energy is caused by kinetic energy of particles which form objects. If the temperature of object increases, its particles move faster, so that the heat energy is bigger. Example of heat energy is energy produce by stove that use to boil the water 2. Electricity energy Electricity energy is the energy produced by electric current. A television can turn on because of electricity energy. Instruments which can produce electricity energy are dry cell (battery), accumulator, and generator. 3. Chemical energy Chemical energy is the energy that comes from reaction of compounds. For examples: energy stored in food, drink, and fuel. 4. Sound energy Sound energy is the energy produced by all objects that vibrate. For example: A string of guitar strummed, a drum beaten, and broken glass. 5. Light energy Light energy is the energy produced by presence of electromagnetic wave radiation in frequency of visible light. For example: energy from light makes our room bright. 6. Nuclear energy Nuclear energy is the energy produced by radioactive material. C. Kind of Energy Alternative 1. Solar energy The main source of energy is the sun. Sun radiates energy in the form of heat and light. Solar energy can be changed into electric energy using solar cells known as

photovoltaic. 2. Wind energy Wind is one of renewable source of energy because it always available in nature. 3. Waterfall energy Moving water can rotate the turbine which produces electricity. Moving water has sufficient potential and kinetic energy. And we usually used waterfall as hydroelectric power plant. 4. Geothermal energy Geothermal energy produces by geyser (hot water) that is formed because water inside the earth is heated by volcanic rock, which is located several kilometers below earth. We usually use geyser as geothermal power plant. 5. Tidal energy The tidal of water river can be used as power plant which known as tidal power plant. 6. Nuclear energy Nuclear energy can be produced by fusion reaction and fission reaction. We can be used nuclear energy as nulear power plant. D. The transformation of energy Mechanical energy changes to electrical energy (dynamo) Electrical energy changes to heat energy (iron) Electrical energy changes to sound energy (radio) E. Law of energy conservation State of conservation energy: energy cannot be created and cannot be destroyed, but the energy can only be transformed from one form to another. F. Potential energy and kinetic energy 1. Potential energy The energy had by a body because of its position is called the potential energy. Gravitational potential energy is depended on its position and its mass. If a body has high position, so its potential energy became higher. Mathematically, potential energy is formulated as: Ep = m . g . h

Where: Ep = potential energy (J) m = mass of body (kg) g = gravitational due to gravity (m/s2) h = height of body from the earth surface (m) 2. Kinetic energy Energy kinetic is energy of a body that caused by its motion. Mathematically, kinetic energy is formulated as: Ek = . m .v2 Where : Ek = kinetic energy (J) m = mass of body (kg) v = velocity of body (m/s) G. Concept of mechanic energy Mechanical energy consists of potential energy and kinetic energy. Em = Ep + E k In the roller coaster, mechanical energy in every position is constant. In highest position mechanical energy is equal to potential energy, because potential energy in highest position is maximum and kinetic energy is minimum (zero). In lowest position mechanical energy is equal to kinetic energy because kinetic energy is maximum and potential energy is minimum.

7. Learning Methodes 1. Model : Direc istruction model Cooperative learning 2. Methode : a. Explanation b. Questioning c. Discussion d. Task

8. Learning Activities No 1. Times Stages of Learning Pre Activities Teacher prepares the students to follow the lesson by praying and checking attendence. (religious) Teacher reviews the last lesson about Newtons law. Teacher explains learning objectives. Teacher delivers the scope of learning. Whilst Activities The student observe the picture/video in powerpoint slide. (curiosity) The student give their opinion about teachers demonstration. (critical thinking,creative) Student answer teachers question about hers demonstration as the step to get general concept about energy. (critical thinking,creative) The student pay attention to the teacher explanation about energy and kind of energy. (tolerance, curiosity) The teacher orginize the student into 4 group. Students arrange their seat to do a group discussion. (disiplined). Students discuss topic in their group that is guided by the teacher, the discussion topic are: Energy and Kind of energy Energy alternatif Energy conservation. Energy mechanic. The student make their discussion result as a product of this activity. (responsibility) The student present their discussion result in front of the class.(tolerance, comunicative) The students pay attention to teachers explanation as reinforcement acrivity after discussion. The teacher gives a sample to solve simple problem about mechanic energy. The student solve another problem about mechanic energy guided by the teacher. Post Activities Students conclude the lesson material that is guided by the teacher. (minutes) 10

60

3.

10

Teachers gives a quiz as an evaluation to the students.(honesty) Teacher gives appreciation to the best group which participant in class discussion. Students get some exercise or homework as free exercise. (disciplined, independent) Teacher tells the students about next material.
Expected character: religious, responsibility, critical thinking, tolerance, disciplined, independent, curiosity, comunicative, creative,

## honesty. 9. Evaluation a. Evaluation Technique b. Evaluation Tool c. Instrument used No

1 Answer : 6 kinds of energy : a. Heat energy Example of heat energy is energy produce by stove that use to boil the water b. Electricity energy Example energy that produce from dry cell (battery), accumulator, and generator. c. Chemical energy Example: energy stored in food, drink, and fuel. d. Sound energy Example: A string of guitar strummed, a drum beaten, and broken glass. e. Light energy Example: energy from light makes our room bright. f. Nuclear energy 1 6 2 Mention 5 alternative energy resource! Answer : 5 alternative energy resource are: 1 1 1 1 1

Total

## Example: energy produce by an atom.

a. Solar energy b. Wind energy c. Waterfall energy d. Geothermal energy e. Tidal energy f. 3 Nuclear energy
2

1 1 1 1 1 5

If the acceleration due to gravity in certain place is 10 m/s , then calculate the potential energy of body, which mass is a. 4 kg at the height of 25 m above the ground! b. 1.5 x 10-5 gram at the height of 6 x 106 cm Answer : Given : g = 10 m/s2 a. m = 4 kg h = 25 m b. m = 1.5 x 10-5 gram = 1.5 x 10-8 kg h = 6 x 106 cm = 6 x 104 m Question: Ep of each question? Answer : a. 1 1 1 b. 1 1 1 1

1 4 During a hurricane, a large tree limb, with a mass of 2.0 kg and a height of 13.3 m above the ground, falls on a roof that is 6.0 m above the ground. Ignoring air resistance, find: a. The kinetic energy of the limb when it reaches the roof. b. The speed of the limb when it reaches roof. Answer : Given : m = 2 kg h = 13.3 m 1

## Question : a. Ek when reach roof? b. Speed when reached roof? Answer:

1 EM on tree = EP 1

1 a. 1

## 1 1 1 So kinetic energy when limb reach roof is 120 J b. 1 1

So the speed when limb reach roof is 5 How high up is a 3.00 kg object that has 300. J of energy? Answer : Given : m = 3 kg EP= 300 J Question: h? 1 1

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