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FIELD STUDY 1 THE LEARNERS DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT Episode 2 LEARNERS CHARACTERISTICS AND NEEDS

Name of FS Student: Mary Jane D. Salamanes Course: Bachelor of Secondary Education (Bio-Science) Year and Section: BSEd 4C Resource Teacher: Mr.Nelson Bello Signature _________________ Cooperating School : Gadgaran Integrated School Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competence in differentiating the characteristics and needs of learners from the different developmental levels. Your Map To reach your target, do the following tasks: Step 1 Observe 3 groups of learners from different levels (preschool, elementary, and high school). Step 2 Describe each of the learners based on your observation. Step 3 Validate your observation by interviewing the learners. Step 4 Compare them in terms of their interests and needs.

Your Tools Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. AN OBSERVATION GUIDE FOR THE LEARNERS CHARACTERISTICS Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. Your teacher may also recommend another observation checklist if a more detailed observation is preferred. Physical 1. Observe their gross motor skills. How they carry themselves. How they move, walk, run go up the stairs, etc. 2. Are gross movements clumsy or deliberate/smooth? 3. How about their fine motor skills? Writing, drawing, etc. Social 1. Describe how they interact with teachers and other adults. 2. Note how they also interact with peers. What do they talk about? What are their concerns? Emotional 1. Describe the emotional disposition or temperament of the learners. (happy, sad, easily cries, mood-shifts) 2. How do they express their wants/needs? Can they wait? 3. How do they handle frustrations? 4. Describe their level of confidence as shown in their behavior. Are they selfconscious?

Cognitive 1. Describe their ability to use words to communicate their ideas. Note their language proficiency. 2. Describe how they figure out things. Do they comprehend easily? Look for evidence of their thinking skills. 3. Were their opportunities for problem solving? Describe how did they show problem solving abilities. LEARNERS DEVELOPMENT MATRIX Record the data you gathered about the learners characteristics and needs in this matrix. This will allow you to compare the characteristics and needs of learners at different levels. The items under each domain are by no means exhaustive. These are just sample indicators. You may add other aspects which you may have observed. High School (Indicate age range of children observed: 11-13 yrs. old)

Development Domain

Preschooler (Indicate age range of children observed: 3-5 yrs. old)

Elementary (Indicate age range of children observed: 6-8 yrs. old)

Physical (Gross-motor skills Fine-motor skil Self-help skills)

Preschooler or the children in that stage likes walking, running and they always want to move around the room. They love to write, draw and put every color. And they are still dependent on their parents or teachers.

They carry themselves in a different way compare to the preschoolers. They move actively, walk there and here, going in and out of the room. They can do physical activities by themselves but they are still emotionally dependent to their parents.

They carry there self confidently and they can manage there self alone. Their skills are well developed compared to the elementary and preschoolers. They are now independent in some ways.

Social Interaction with Teachers

Children at this age always follow what their teacher says Interaction with and ask. They are classmates/friends still not too mature of the things Interests surround them. Most of the time they like playing with their peers.

They interact to their teachers with a respect like their parents. Some of them are naughty and some students love when his or her classmate cries and always back fight with them. They are also interested in playing.

They are aware of the rules and regulations of their teacher. Some of them dont respect their teachers Their interest in different activities developed most in sports, both in girls and boys.

Emotional (Moods and temperament, expression of feelings, Emotional independence Others)

The moods of this learners shifts most of the time, some would fight with each other and some would easily cry. And as usual this kind of learners is always noisy.

The temper of these learners explodes easily. They are a little bit conscious of them selves. Conflict among them exists.

They are more mature and can handle or control their emotions compared to the elementary and preschoolers. At this stage they have already crushes and some have already boyfriends and girlfriends. At this stage they already know the two languages that we use but some of them are still learning. Some of them already apply critical thinking. They can already perform problem solving.

Cognitive (Communication Skills, Thinking Skills, Problem-solving Others)

They can express what they think but not in a proper way because their communication skills is still limited. At this age they cannot comprehend easily.

They are still on the stage of developing the two languages the Filipino and English. Most of these learners are good in memorization and fond of exploring.

Your Analysis Write the most salient developmental characteristics of the learners you observed. Based on these characteristics, think of implications for the teacher.

Example: Level Salient Characteristics Observed Implications to the Teaching-Learning Process Therefore, the teacher should remember to use music and movement activities not just in PE but in all subject areas. Therefore, teachers should not expect preschoolers to stay seated for a long period of time.

Preschool Preschoolers like to move Age range of Learners around a lot. Observed __________

Write your own observation here. Level Preschool Age range of learners observed 3-5 yrs.old Elementary Age range of learners observed 6-12 yrs.old Highschool Age range of learners observed 12-above Salient Characteristics Observed Pre-schoolers likes to draw and coloring things. Implications to the Teaching-Learning Process Therefore, teachers should provide them with materials that can enhance their drawing skills together with colorful things. And so, teachers should provide them with different activities to enhance their skills. Therefore, teacher should remember instructional materials that could catch their attention to take down notes. For example use power point presentation.

They like to play and write. They are more on listening to the discussion rather than taking down notes.

Your Reflections 1. While you were observing the learners, what did you recall in your own experiences when you were their age? What similarities or differences do you have with the learners you observed? When Im observing the learners, I recall my childhood years, like them, Im also naughty that time. I love to play all the time and Im fond of roaming around our classroom. My experience that time was enjoyable like the learners do right now. 2. Think of a teacher you cannot forget for positive or negative reasons. How did she/he help or not help you with your needs (physical, emotional, social, cognitive)? How did it affect you? During my elementary years in the Calbayog Adventist Multigrade School, there is a teacher that I cannot forget for the rest of my life; she is Mrs. Joy A. Igloso. She is the one who taught me how to be strong person, she gave me advices when Im in trouble, and shes like my real mother that time. She is the best teacher I ever had. 3. Which is your favorite theory of development? How can this guide you as a future teacher? One of my favorite theories of development is the cognitive theory of John Piaget. In this theory this will guide us to become a better future teacher because in Piaget theory students use their minds or brains in order for us to think critically. 4. Share your insights here. In terms of the behavior of the students in the Gadgaran Integrated School, the students are very noisy and in terms of their performance in the class the females are the most active than males.