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ROLUL MASAJULUI N RECUPERAREA POSTTRAUMATIC

Coordonator: Prof. Univ. Dr. Veronica Blteanu Autor: Prac Sergiu Universitatea ,,Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Iai Facultatea de Educaie Fizic i Sport Specializarea: Master-Kinetoterapia n traumatologia sportiv

Contact: Telefon: 0767180091, email: partacsergiu@yahoo.com


Cuvinte-cheie: recuperare, traumatism, durere, sechele.

Rezumat
Lucrarea de fa are ca scop principal prezentarea importanei masajului i a kinetoterapiei n ceea ce privete recuperarea sechelelor posttraumatice specifice activitii sportive, ct i a activitii omului obinuit. Ipoteza lucrrii se refer la urmtoarea presupunere : dac procedeele de masaj terapeutic se vor aplica ntrun mod contiincios, cu sim de rspundere, individualizate i adaptate fiecrui pacient n parte, atunci procesul complex al recuperrii va fi uurat, obinndu-se rezultate pozitive ntr-un timp mai scurt. n ceea ce privete testele i metodele folosite, am utilizat scala analog-vizual pentru detrminarea durerii i am realizat testingul articular i muscular, n vederea stabilirii restandului funcional. Subiecii cercetrii au fost diagnosticai cu diferite afeciuni, iar introducerea masajului n cadrul programului de recuperare a condus la obinerea unor efecte benefice n ceea ce privete mbuntirea procesului de recuperare: diminuarea durerii i a contracturii musculare, mbuntirea circulaiei i a strii fizice i psihice. Orice traumatism, att la omul obinuit, dar mai ales la sportivi, se soldeaz cu instalarea unor sechele ce necesit recuperare pentru vindecare. n acest sens kinetoterapia reprezint terapia de baz datorit multitudinilor de metode i mijloace specifice acesteia. n acelai timp este necesar ca masajul s reprezint o terapie adjuvant kinetoterapiei, datorit efectelor benefice obinute prin aplicarea manevrelor specifice. Rezultatele cercetrii evideniaz rolul major pe care l joac manevrele de masaj n ceea ce privete recuperarea sechelelor posttraumatice. n primul rnd se obine o relaxare fizic, dar i psihic, ceea ce uureaz programul de recuperare. n al doilea rnd manevrele de masaj previn agravarea simptomelor datorit mbuntirii circulaiei locale i ameliorrii contracturilor musculare. n concluzie ipoteza a fost confirmat, astfel nct pot spune c importana masajului n recuperarea sechelelor posttraumatice rezult din nsi efectele obinute prin aplicarea manevrelor de masaj i anume ameliorarea durerii, combaterea contracturilor musculare, mbuntirea strii psihice, precum i obinerea relaxrii neuro-musculare.

THE ROLE OF MASSAGE IN THE POSTTRAUMATIC RECOVERY


Coordinator: Prof. Univ. Dr. Veronica Blteanu Author: Prac Sergiu University ,,Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Iai Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Specialization Master- Physical Therapy in Sports Traumatology
Keywords: recovery, trauma, pain, sequels.

Abstract
The purpose of the present work is to presenting the main importance of the massage and kinesitherapy in respect of the recovery of the posttraumatic sequels which are specific to the sports activity and ordinary human activity, too. The work hypothesis refers to the following conjecture: If the therapeutic massage procedures had applied conscientiously, with sense of responsibility, individualized and adapted to each individual patient, then the process of recovery would have been facilitated and get positive results in a shorter time.

In terms of the tests and methods, I used the visual-analog scale for pain detrmination and I realized the articular and muscular testing, to establish functional restand. The research subjects were diagnosed with different diseases and the introduction of the massage in the rehabilitation program has led to beneficial effects regarding to the improvement of the recovery process: the reduction of pain and muscle contracture, the circulation improving and the improving of the mental and physical condition. Any injury, so common to the ordinary man, but mostly to athletes, leads to installation of sequels requiring recovery for healing. In this sense the kinesitherapy represent the basic therapy thanks to the specific methods and means. At the same time it is necessary to introduce the massage as a adjunctive therapy, thanks to the beneficial effects obtained. The research results highlight the main role played by massage manoeuvres regarding to the recovery of the posttraumatic sequels. Firstly it obtain a physical and mental relaxation and so the recovery process is facilitated.,. Secondly the massage procedures prevent the worsening of the symptoms thanks to the local circulation improving and to the muscle contractures countering. In conclusion the hypothesis formulated has been confirmed, so I can say that the importance of massage in the rehabilitation of posttraumatic sequelae resulting from the specific effects.