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DESIGN OF BOX STRUCTURE FOR ROAD CROSSING THE CANAL

Number of vents= Height Width of each bay INPUT DATA: Unit weight of concrete= Concentrated Load on the Culvert roof= Uniform live load(due to material stacking etc) Height of soil over the Culvert roof= Depth of water in canal Height of saturated soil from roof Density of soil= Density of saturated soil= Angle of internal friction Coeff. Of earth pressure at rest thickness of vent= Effective length= Effective height= offsets on either side= DEAD LOADS Distributed load due to stacks Weight of embankment above sat. line( dry ) Submerged weight of soil= Weight of water Weight of traffic load on service road( from top) Weight of top slab= Weight of the lining of canal Total Dead load(excl. top slab)=

2 1.62m 3.49m

2.50 t/cum 0.00 t 2 0.00 t/m 6.88 m 0.00 m 6.88 m 1.80 t/sq.m 2.00 t/sq.m 25.00 deg 0.50 0.60 4.09 m 2.22 m 0.0 m

0.00 0.00 6.88 6.88 0.00 1.50 0.00 13.76

t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m

[A]

Width of the bearing area of the structure Total load Weight of vent/m length Weight of box structure Add weight of wearing for road way= Add weight of wearing coat at top =

8.78 m 120.81 t 33.61 0.00 0.00 33.61 t t t t

[B] [C]

Add IRC class AA tracked(eqv.) load on the slab(on both vents)= With dispersion= Total load [A+B+C] Uplift from the foundation= Add for unforseen load= 0.05 Total load on the foundation= Area on the foundation= Reaction side walls(max. when there is no traffic) Eccetricity side walls=
e min l D 0.023236 m 500 30

0.00 t 47.38 t 0.00 t 6.04 174.22 8.78 40.27 t t sq.m t

say

0.03 m 8.72 kg/sq.cm okay 4.70 kg/sq.cm okay 13.76 13.76 12.26 12.26 t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m t/sq.m

Compressive stress in side walls= On outer fibre Total pressure on the foundation(q)= Pressure acting on the base slab=(uplift-q)= Net upward pressure on the slab=p-wt. of slab= Net upward pressure on the slab(assumin 50% drainage)

DISPERSION OF LOAD

UDL on roof slab: Distributed load due to stacks weight of dry soil weight= submerged weight of soil Weight of water Weight of traffic load Total= Total load on the roof= say Load on each wall= say

0.00t/sqm 0.00t/sqm 6.88t/sqm 6.88t/sqm 0.00t/sqm 13.76t/sqm 129.065 t 130.00t/sqm 43.33t/sqm 45.00t/sqm

Intensity of Rectangular pressure due to soil= earth pressure due to dry soil earth pressure due to sub. soil water pressure due to side wall= Total=

0.00t/sqm 3.44t/sqm 6.88t/sqm 1.50t/sqm 11.82t/sqm

Intensity earth pressure at base= earth pressure due to dry soil earth pressure due to sub. soil water pressure due to side wall= Total= Permissible stresses: Grade of concrete Grade steel Permissible stress in concrete Permissible stress in steel m= k= j= Q= N/mm2 N/mm N/mm N/mm
2 2 2

0.00t/sqm 4.85t/sqm 9.70t/sqm 1.50t/sqm 16.05t/sqm

20 415 7 190.0 13.33 0.329 0.890


2 1.026 bd

MAB= MCD= MDA due to rect. load= MAD due to triangular. load= MDA due to triangular. load= Total fixed moments at joint A= Total fixed moments at joint D= Distribution factors: EI=constant for all members KAB=KBA KBE=KEB KBC=KCB JOINT -A for member AB r_1 for member AB r_2 JOINT -D for member DA for member DC

21.26 t-m 17.08 t-m 4.85 t-m 0.69 t-m 1.04 t-m 5.54 t-m 5.89 t-m

KDC=KCD KEF=KFE

KCF=KFC KAD=KDA 0.6483 0.3517

=EI/L1= =EI/L2=

0.30303 0.357143

0.64829937 0.35170063

JOINT MEMBER DF F.E.M. BALANCE C.O BALANCE C.O BALANCE C.O BALANCE C.O BALANCE C.O BALANCE C.O BALANCE TOTAL

C CD -17.08 -1.97 -1.79 -0.90 -0.41 -0.21 -0.19 -0.09 -0.04 -0.02 -0.02 -0.01 -20.28 0.00 10.68 DC 0.35 17.08 -3.94

D DA 0.65 -5.89 -7.26 5.10 -3.30 1.18 -0.76 0.54 -0.35 0.12 -0.08 0.06 -0.04 0.01 -0.01 -10.68 AD 0.65 5.54 10.19 -3.63 2.35 -1.65 1.07 -0.38 0.25 -0.17 0.11 -0.04 0.03 -0.02 0.01 13.66

A AB 0.35 -21.26 5.53 1.28

B BA 0.65 21.26 2.76 0.64 0.58 0.29 0.13 0.07 0.06 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01 -13.66 25.06

SPAN AB Sagging moment at face Fixed moment at face= Net fixing at face= Sagging moment at centre= fixed moments at centre= Net sagging moments at centre= SPAN CD Sagging moments at face= Fixing moments at face= Net fixing moments at face= Sagging moment at centre= fixed moments at centre= Net sagging moments at centre=

8.674 t-m 24.331 t-m 15.657 t-m 31.894 t-m 19.360 t-m 12.534 t-m

6.969 t-m 19.667 t-m 12.698 t-m 25.625 t-m 15.482 t-m 10.143 t-m

SPAN AD Sagging moments at face= Due to rectangular load: Due to triangular portion Total sagging moment= fixed moments at centre= Net sagging moments at centre=

3.401 t-m 0.466 t-m 3.867 t-m 11.086 t-m 7.219 t-m

Sagging moments at centre= Due to rectangular load: Due to triangular portion Total sagging moment= fixed moments at centre= Net sagging moments at centre=

7.270 t-m 1.331 t-m 8.602 t-m 12.172 t-m -3.570 t-m

Span AB CD AD max. Span AB CD AD max.

the net moments at face and centre of the different spans are tabulated below: Moments(t-m) d D steel Dia of bar at face cm cm sq.cm mm 15.657 hogging 39.06 50.00 23.14 20.00 12.698 hogging 35.17 45.00 21.45 20.00 7.219 hogging 26.52 40.00 14.23 20.00 15.657 hogging Moments at face( t-m) at centre 12.534 sagging 10.143 sagging -3.570 sagging 12.534 sagging d cm 34.95 31.44 18.65 D cm 45.0 45.0 30.0 steel sq.cm 21.17 17.13 10.55

area mm2 3.14 3.14 3.14

Dia of bar area mm mm2 20 3.141593 20 3.141593 20 3.141593

Maximum B.M. considered= Minimum effective thickness required=d= Assuming cover= Dia of bar= Overall depth= Overall depth adopted=

15.657 t-m 39.06 5 25 51.56 60 cm cm mm cm cm