Sunteți pe pagina 1din 9

Position Max Min Des Max Des Min

0 35.57 22.76 4.31 17.84 -28.09 -31.83 -4.05 -34.24 35.57 -34.24
1 677.38 695.33 685.27 672.95 398.77 410.25 404.29 396.15 695.33 396.15
2 1322.83 1320.14 1342.32 1351.59 780.98 781.17 794.36 790.16 1351.59 780.98
3 1904.82 1919.84 1918.97 2068.58 1121 1132.64 1132.14 1175.48 2068.58 1121
4 2398.34 2405.92 2415.82 2498.25 1406.42 1415.07 1420.83 1407.41 2498.25 1406.42
5 2833.75 2832.25 2831.09 2881.5 1655.64 1659.44 1658.81 1655.64 2881.5 1655.64
6 3192.11 3186.97 3185.35 3178.58 1851.4 1851.03 1850.16 1844.04 3192.11 1844.04
7 3471.41 3470.02 3468.71 3460.53 2002.39 2001.96 2001.27 1996.54 3471.41 1996.54
8 3671.19 3672.17 3672.16 3665.02 2100.05 2099.68 2099.68 2097.21 3672.17 2097.21
9 3803.7 3816.63 3817.98 3803.06 2157.42 2161.07 2161.59 2157.17 3817.98 2157.17
10 3845.89 3859.98 3856.93 3845.41 2172.85 2176.39 2175.42 2172.69 3859.98 2172.69
11 3738.83 3750.21 3744.85 3737.98 2130.34 2134.04 2131.76 2129.97 3750.21 2129.97
12 3569.69 3578.4 3569.38 3565.48 2052.47 2056.36 2052.11 2050.46 3578.4 2050.46
13 3325.77 3328.56 3317.64 3323.87 1923.89 1926.82 1920.99 1919.09 3328.56 1919.09
14 3015.63 2999.11 3013.63 3009.87 1755.21 1749.82 1757.66 1752.06 3015.63 1749.82
15 2613.95 2618.68 2606.04 2607 1531.25 1538.89 1531.53 1527.23 2618.68 1527.23
16 2142.89 2148.09 2133.71 2134.98 1258.63 1265.2 1256.84 1254.06 2148.09 1254.06
17 1611.14 1616.81 1600.69 1602.28 951.32 956.81 947.46 946.2 1616.81 946.2
18 997.12 977.01 978.85 979.3 587.95 577.31 578.41 577.4 997.12 577.31
19 320.33 299.48 301.5 300.85 187.82 175.85 177.04 176.32 320.33 175.85
20 31.73 14.43 7.04 9.43 -12.93 -7.83 -4.21 -14.62 31.73 -14.62
Bending Moments
4000
3750
3500
3250
3000
2750
2500
2250
kN.m

2000
1750
1500
1250
1000
750
500
250
0
-250
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Chainage

Max Column C Column D Column E Min Column G Column H Column I Des Max Des Min
Data Input Strength Class
1 Concrete Class = C45/55 45 Concrete Class C20/25 C25/30 C30/37 C35/45 C40/50 C45/55 C50/60
2 K Value = 0.8 % Stress of Ultimate Tendon Stress 35 fctm (N/mm2) 2.2 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.1
3 Element Class = Class 1 Allowable cracking to occur Ecm (kN/mm2) 30 31 33 34 35 36 37
4 System = Post - Tensioning System fcu (N/mm2) 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
Design Section Properties
3 A = 700,250 mm2 Section Area 0.700
4 Z1 = 1.50E+08 mm3 Section Modulus for Top of Design Section 149.980
5 Z2 = 2.88E+08 mm3 Section Modulus Bottom of Design Section 288.270
6 Y1 = 832 mm From Bottom Edge to Centroid
7 Y2 = 433 mm From Top Edge to Centroid
Auto Dmax = 1,265 mm Total Section Depth
8 Tendon - cover = 225 mm Concrete Cover + Reinforcing + Cable Centroid
Design Concrete Stresses
At Service
Auto fa max = 14.9 MPa 33% f cu (Design Concrete Strength) Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Limiting Design Stress - Class 2 Sections
Auto fa min = 0.0 MPa 14.9 14.9 14.9 System Concrete Grade (Mpa)
At transfer 0.0 -2.4 -2.0 30.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 60.0
Auto fa maxt = 20.3 MPa 45% of f ci (Concrete Strength at Transfer) 20.3 20.3 20.3 Pre - 0 2.9 3.05 3.2 3.5
Auto fa mint = -1.0 MPa -1.0 -3.1 -3.0 Post - 2.1 2.3 2.43 2.6 2.8
Tension Force - At Transfer -1.000 2.1 2.3 2.43 2.55 2.8
Auto ƒ1 min = 40.2 MPa
ƒ
Auto 2 min = -7.5 MPa
Auto Pe min = 6167.6 kN Pre-stress Force
Auto es max = 607.1 mm Eccentricity
Tension Force - At Service Loading
Auto ƒ1 max = 29.3 MPa
Auto ƒ2 max = -6.1 MPa
Auto Pe min = 4231.1 kN Pre-stress Force
Auto es max = 825.7 mm Eccentricity
Bending Moments
9 Mmax = 3,860.0 kN/m Maximum Bending Moments (without Dn)
10 Mdn = 2,172.7 kN/m Bending moments due to own Dn
11 Mmin = 0.0 kN/m Minimum Bending moments (without Dn)
Magnel Diagram Construction
Auto emax TOP = 400 mm Plotting: Upper Range Limit for Prestress Offset
Auto emax BOT = 1,000 mm Plotting: Lower Range limit for prestress Offset
Pe - Post Tensioning Force
Magnel Diagram e values Min Pe Min Pe Max Pe Min Pe
150,000 Max Negative Value 400 9,822 -150,152 7,164 -186,221
125,000 -10 427.27 9,405 112,260 6,859 139,226
-9 454.55 9,021 40,857 6,580 50,671
100,000
-8 481.82 8,668 24,973 6,322 30,972
75,000 -7 509.09 8,341 17,982 6,083 22,301
50,000 -6 536.36 8,038 14,049 5,862 17,424
-5 563.64 7,756 11,528 5,657 14,297
25,000
-4 590.91 7,493 9,774 5,465 12,122
0
Min Pe -3 618.18 7,248 8,483 5,286 10,521
1/Po

-25,000 Min Pe -2 645.45 7,018 7,493 5,118 9,293


-50,000 -1 672.73 6,802 6,711 4,961 8,323
Max Pe
0 700.00 6,599 6,076 4,813 7,535
-75,000 Min Pe 1 727.27 6,408 5,551 4,674 6,884
-100,000 2 754.55 6,227 5,109 4,542 6,337
-125,000 3 781.82 6,057 4,733 4,418 5,870
4 809.09 5,895 4,408 4,300 5,467
-150,000
5 836.36 5,742 4,125 4,188 5,116
-175,000 6 863.64 5,597 3,876 4,082 4,807
-200,000 7 890.91 5,459 3,655 3,981 4,534
400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1 8 918.18 5,328 3,459 3,886 4,289
000 9 945.45 5,202 3,282 3,794 4,070
10 972.73 5,083 3,122 3,707 3,872
e-offset
80 Mx Positive Value 1000 4,969 2,978 3,624 3,693
21 Pe = 5200.0 kN Enter Pre-stress Force from Magnel Diagram at Max es 570 7,693 11,064 5,611 13,722
Bending Moments (kN.m) Po at Transfer Po at Service
Chainage Mmin Mmax Zt & Mmin Zb - Mmin Zt & Mmax Zb & Mmax
Design Data from Pre-stress Calcs 0 -34.24 35.57 461 363 -609 -206
K Value = 0.8 Factor % Stress of Ultimate Tendon Stress 1 396.15 695.33 543 446 -450 -47
fmax
All values from previous sheet
= 14.85 (N/mm2) Calculated from concrete class 2 780.98 1351.59 617 520 -292 111
fmin = 0.0 (N/mm2) Minimum is 0 3 1121 2068.58 683 585 -120 283
f'max = 20.25 (N/mm ) Less than 0.45 x fcu for Upper Boundary Conditions
2
4 1406.42 2498.25 738 640 -17 386
f'min = -1.0 (N/mm2) Less than Zero for Lower Boundary Conditions 5 1655.64 2881.5 785 688 75 478
Zt = 2.88E+08 mm3 Section Modulus of Top Beam Section 6 1844.04 3192.11 822 724 150 553
Zb = 1.50E+08 mm3 Section Modulus of Bottom Section 7 1996.54 3471.41 851 754 217 620
A = 700250 mm2 Section Area 8 2097.21 3672.17 870 773 265 669
Emax Top = -658 mm Max Offset from Centroid to Top of Edge of Beam 9 2157.17 3817.98 882 785 300 704
Emax Bot = 607 mm Max Offset from Centroid to Top of Edge of Beam 10 2172.69 3859.98 885 788 311 714
P (Mmax) = 5,200,000 N Minimum Pre-stress Force 11 2129.97 3750.21 877 779 284 687
12 2050.46 3578.4 861 764 243 646
13 1919.09 3328.56 836 739 183 586
14 1749.82 3015.63 804 706 108 511
15 1527.23 2618.68 761 664 12 415
16 1254.06 2148.09 708 611 -101 302
17 946.2 1616.81 649 552 -229 174
18 577.31 997.12 578 481 -378 26
19 175.85 320.33 501 404 -540 -137
20 -14.62 31.73 464 367 -610 -207
Minimum Values 461 363 -610 -207
Maximum Values 885 788 311 714

Cable Zone
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
mm Offset

200
100
0
-100
-200
-300
-400
-500
-600
-700
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Beam Chainage

Po at Transfer Column L Po at Service Column N


Data Input
1 Concrete Class = C45/55 45 Concrete Class
Auto K Value = 0.8 % Stress of Ultimate Tendon Stress
Auto Element Class = Class 1 Allowable compressive Stress
Design Concrete Stresses
At Service
14.9 (N/mm ) 33% fcu
2
Auto fmax =
3 fmin = 0.0 (N/mm2) 36% x √fcu
At Transfer
4 f'max = 20.3 (N/mm2) 80% of fa max
5 f'min = -1.0 (N/mm2) 36% x √(80% fcu)
Design Section Properties
700,250 mm
2
6 A = Section Area
1.50E+08 mm
3
7 Ztop = Section Modulus for Top of Design Section
8 Z bot = 2.88E+08 mm3 Section Modulus Bottom of Design Section
9 Dmax = 1,265 mm Maximum Section Depth
10 Tendon - cover = 225 mm
Bending Moments
11 Mmax = 3,860.0 kN/m Maximum Bending Moments

12 Mmin = 2,172.7 kN/m Minimum Bending moments

Magnel Diagram Construction


Auto emax TOP = 0 mm Upper Range Limit for Prestress Offset
Auto emax BOT = 950 mm Lower Range limit for prestress Offset
Auto ZB/A = 412 mm
e value for Magnel Construction
Auto ZT/A = -214 mm

Magnel Diagram 106/Po - Post Tensioning Fo


400 Max Negative Value e values Max Po
-10 0 -105
350
-9 43.18 -84
300 -8 86.36 -63
-7 129.55 -41
250 -6 172.73 -20
-5 215.91 1
200 -4 259.09 22
Max Po -3 302.27 43
150
Max Po -2 345.45 64
1/Po

100 -1 388.64 85
Min Po
0 431.82 107
50 Min Po 1 475.00 128
2 518.18 149
0 3 561.36 170
4 604.55 191
-50 5 647.73 212
-100 6 690.91 234
7 734.09 255
-150 8 777.27 276
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 9 820.45 297
10 863.64 318
e-offset
3000 Mx Positive Value 906.82 339
13 emax = 820 mm Enter the Maximum e value within Area of 4 lines 950 361
Auto Max Po = 3,917 kN
Auto Min Po = 3,834 kN
14 emin = 600 mm Enter the Minimum e value within Area of 4 lines
Auto Max Po = 5,290 kN
Auto Min Po = 7,918 kN
Auto Pe = 5,200 kN Safe Value for Post tensioning Force
106/Po - Post Tensioning Force
Max Po Min Po Min Po 20
85 -92 51
94 -74 57
103 -55 62
112 -36 68
121 -18 73
130 1 78
139 19 84
148 38 89
157 57 95
166 75 100
175 94 105
184 112 111
193 131 116
202 149 121
211 168 127
220 187 132
229 205 138
237 224 143
246 242 148
255 261 154
264 280 159
273 298 165
282 317 170
fctm
Ecm
fcu

Class 1 Class 2 Class 3


14.9 14.9 14.9
0.0 -2.4 -2.0
11.9 11.9 11.9
-1.0 -3.1 -3.0

1,040
Strength Class
C20/25 C25/30 C30/37 C35/45 C40/50 C45/55 C50/60
(N/mm2) 2.2 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.1
(kN/mm2) 30 31 33 34 35 36 37
(N/mm )
2
20 25 30 35 40 45 50

Class Element
Prestress
Class 1 Loss %
Class 2 0
Class 3 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
17
18
19
Bending Moments (kN.m) Po at Transfer Po at Service Design Distance from soffit
Chainage Mmin Mmax Zt & Mmin Zb - Mmin Zt & Mmax Zb & Mmax Profile 1 offset Profile 2 offset Profile 3 Chainage Profile 1 Profile 2 Profile 3
Design Data from Pre-stress Calcs 0 -34.244 35.570 236 704 -313 -403 536 300 236 -300 -64 0 296 596 896
All values from previous sheet

K Value = 0.8 Factor % Stress of Ultimate Tendon Stress 1 396.146 695.330 319 787 -154 -245 535 285 250 -285 -35 1 297 582 867
fmax = 14.85 (N/mm2) Calculated from concrete class 2 780.981 1351.593 393 861 4 -87 545 265 280 -265 15 2 287 552 817
fmin = 0.0 (N/mm2) Minimum is 0 3 1120.997 2068.579 459 926 176 86 555 220 335 -220 115 3 277 497 717
f'max = 20.25 (N/mm2) Less than 0.45 x fcu for Upper Boundary Conditions 4 1406.415 2498.246 513 981 279 189 585 180 405 -180 225 4 247 427 607
f'min = -1.0 (N/mm2) Less than Zero for Lower Boundary Conditions 5 1655.638 2881.503 561 1,029 371 281 630 165 465 -165 300 5 202 367 532
Zt = 1.50E+08 mm3 Section Modulus of Top Beam Section 6 1844.041 3192.113 598 1,066 446 356 660 145 515 -145 370 6 172 317 462
Zb = 2.88E+08 mm3 Section Modulus of Bottom Section 7 1996.542 3471.409 627 1,095 513 423 670 130 540 -130 410 7 162 292 422
A = 700250 mm2 Section Area 8 2097.214 3672.167 646 1,114 562 471 670 110 560 -110 450 8 162 272 382
P (Mmax) = 5,200,000 N Minimum Pre-stress Force 9 2157.169 3817.980 658 1,126 597 506 670 100 570 -100 470 9 162 262 362
10 2172.692 3859.982 661 1,129 607 516 680 100 580 -100 480 10 152 252 352
11 2129.973 3750.208 653 1,121 580 490 670 100 570 -100 470 11 162 262 362
12 2050.456 3578.399 637 1,105 539 449 670 110 560 -110 450 12 162 272 382
13 1919.090 3328.564 612 1,080 479 388 670 130 540 -130 410 13 162 292 422
14 1749.816 3015.631 580 1,047 404 313 660 145 515 -145 370 14 172 317 462
15 1527.226 2618.684 537 1,005 308 218 630 165 465 -165 300 15 202 367 532
16 1254.058 2148.093 484 952 195 105 585 180 405 -180 225 16 247 427 607
17 946.196 1616.811 425 893 67 -23 555 220 335 -220 115 17 277 497 717
18 577.311 997.117 354 822 -82 -172 545 265 280 -265 15 18 287 552 817
19 175.850 320.328 277 745 -244 -335 535 285 250 -285 -35 19 297 582 867
20 -14.617 31.730 240 708 -314 -404 536 300 236 -300 -64 20 296 596 896
Minimum Values 236 704 -314 -404
Maximum Values 661 1,129 607 516

Cable Zone

1,100

900

700
mm Offset

500

300

100

-100

-300

-500
Row 3 Row 4 Row 5 Row 6 Row 7 Row 8 Row 9 Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
Beam Chainage

Zt & Mmin Zb - Mmin Zt & Mmax Zb & Mmax

Cable Profiles
700
650
600
550
500
450
400
mm Offset

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-50
-100
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Beam Chainage

Column Q Column O Column S


Design Data from Pre-stress Calcs
K Value = 0.8 Factor % Stress of Ultimate Tendon Stress CREEP COEFFICIENT OF CONCRETE - fck DRY ATMOSPHERES (INSIDE: 50% RH)
fmax = 14.85 N/mm2 Calculated from concrete class Concrete Cube Strength at Transfer HUMID ATMOSPHERES (OUTSIDE: 80% RH)
fmin = 0 N/mm2 Minimum is 0 System used Lower than 40 MPa Higher than 40 MPa
f'max = 20.25 N/mm2 Less than 0.45 x fcu for Upper Boundary Conditions Pre - Tensioning 5.33E-05 4.80E-05 4.80E-05
f'min = -1 N/mm2 Less than Zero for Lower Boundary Conditions Post - Tensioning 4.00E-05 3.60E-05 3.60E-05
Zt = 1.50E+08 mm3 Section Modulus of Top Beam Section 4.00E-05 3.60E-05
Zb = 2.88E+08 mm3 Section Modulus of Bottom Section
All Auto values from previous sheets

A = 700250 mm2 Section Area


P (Mmax) = 5,200,000 N Minimum Pre-stress Force
Md = 2,173 kN.m Max moments due to Own Weight
e = 607 mm Maximum Cable Offset from Section Sentroid
fcu = 45 MPa Concrete Strength during Service
f'cu = 36 MPa Concrete Strength at Transfer
Ecm = 32 MPa Modulus of Elasticity for Concrete Shrinkage Coefficient
I = 1.248E+11 Ixx Moment of Inertia Shrinkage per Unit length
U = 6,515 mm Perimeter of X-section System
Humidity = 80% - Coastal Humidity Pre - Tensioning Post - Tensioning
System = Post - Tensioning 80% - Coastal 1.80E-04 1.40E-04 0
No = 3 no Number of cables 60% - Mostly inland 3.10E-04 2.50E-04 0
Diameter = 75 mm Sheath inside Diameter 35% - Low e.g. Windhoek 4.20E-04 3.50E-04 0
Ap = 13254 mm2 Total Tendon Area
Es = 195 kN/mm2 7-wire Strand
µ = 3.30E-01 Coefficient Manufacturers specs Modulus of Elasticity for Concrete
k = #N/A Factor Manufacturers specs Cube Strength (Mpa) Modulus of Elasticity (Gpa)
x = 10000 mm Midspan or Span/2 20 25
ec = 570 mm Total depth of cable eccentricity (maxe + mine) 25 26
Friction 30 28
r = 88 m Radius of Tendon Curvature 35 29.5
∂ = #N/A Stress Factor 40 31
∆P(x)R + ∆P(x)w = #N/A kN Losses due to friction caused by radius of duct and wobble 45 32
Wedge Slip 50 34
i = 6.5 mm Wedge Slip in (From Manufacturers) 60 36
ℓo = #N/A m Length of Tendon effected by wedge slip
Pℓo = #N/A kN Stress at ℓo Modulus of Elasticity for Steel
P'jack = #N/A kN Stressing at Anchor Description GPA
∆P(x)ws = #N/A kN Losses due to slip High Tensile Steel Wire 205
Elastic Shortening: 7-wire Strand 195
fcs = 20.25 MPa High Tensile Alloy Steel Bars 165
Es = 195.00 GPa
Ec = 32 MPa Friction Coefficient
Loss Ecs = 62 MPa Loss due to Elastic Shortening Lightly rusted Tendon, Unlined concrete Duct 0.55
= 3 kN Lightly rusted Tendon, Lightly rusted Duct 0.33
∆P1 = #N/A N Total Short Term Losses Strand or Wire in Steel Duct 0.25
P' = #N/A kN Total After Short Term Losses Pulled through Oversized Duct with water-saluble oil0.17
Creep: Grease strand running in plastic sleeve 0.05
f'cu = Higher than 40 Mpa Concrete Cube Strength at Transfer Manufacturers specs 0.18
fck = 3.60E-05 Creep Coefficient
0.4 x fcu = 18.00 MPa Concrete Stress Wobble Factor
∆fck = 126 MPa Stress x Creep Factor Minimum 3.30E-03
= 6.7 kN Losses due to Creep Strong Rigid Sheath - no displacement 1.70E-03
Shrinkage: Greased Strands in Plastic sleeves 2.50E-03
ε cs = 1.40E-04 Shrinkage Strain Manufacturers specs 1.70E-03
Shrinkage = 27 MPa
= 1 kN
P' - (∆P1 + ∆P2) = #N/A kN Long term and Short term losses Initial Jacking Force
Steel Relaxation 70%
Po = 80% Percentage of Ultimate Tendon Stressing Force - Pe 75%
Factor = 10% Relaxation % of Stressing force 80%
Pu = #N/A kN 85%
Initial Prestress Force 90%
#N/A Plosses = #N/A kN Total Losses 95%
Pinitial = #N/A kN Initial Stressing Force 100%