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S!

&""' "( EE)ECE)CpE

ECE031/T

REPORT: Materials handling and storage


Prepared by:

Submitted by: MALLARI, Jeannine Ann T

S!"re

En#r Ram"n $ $ar!ia


In%tru!t"r OBJECTIVES:

In t&i% pre%entati"n, *e *i'' di%!u%%:

Minimum OS+A re,uirement% ("r materia' &and'in#, %t"ra#e C"-er %a(e %t"ra#e "( materia'% Re-ie* pr"per u%e "( ri##in# e,uipment .e!"me (ami'iar *it& ba%i! met&"d% "( !"ntr"''in# t&e%e &a/ard%

INTRODUCTION

T&e e((i!ient &and'in# and %t"rin# "( materia'% i% -ita' t" indu%try T&e%e "perati"n% pr"-ide !"ntinu"u% ('"* "( ra* materia'%, part%, and a%%emb'ie% t&r"u#& t&e *"r0p'a!e, and en%ure t&at materia'% are a-ai'ab'e *&en needed 1et, t&e impr"per &and'in# and %t"rin# "( materia'% !an !au%e !"%t'y in2urie%

+A34LI3$ A34 STORI3$ MATERIALS


In-"'-e% di-er%e "perati"n%: Manua' materia' &and'in# Carryin# ba#% "r materia'% 5npa!0in# materia'% Materia' &and'in# -ia ma!&ine 6"r0'i(t Crane Ri##in# Sta!0in# "r %t"rin# 'i0e drum%, barre'%, 0e#%, 'umber, '""%e bri!0% "r "t&er materia'%

I3J5RIES
Li(tin# "b2e!t% i% a ma2"r !au%e "( ba!0 in2urie% in t&e *"r0 p'a!e Impr"per %t"rin# and &and'in# "( materia' and e,uipment !an !au%e %tru!0 by and !ru%&ed by in2urie% T&e *ei#&t and bu'0ine%% "( "b2e!t% 'i(ted i% a ma2"r !"ntributin# (a!t"r t" in2urie% 7"r0er% a'%" (re,uent'y !ited b"dy m"-ement a% !"ntributin# t" t&eir in2urie% .endin#, ("''"*ed by t*i%tin# and turnin#, *ere t&e m"re !"mm"n'y !ited m"-ement% t&at !au%ed ba!0 in2urie%

+A8AR4S
Impr"per manua' 'i(tin# "r !arryin# '"ad% t&at are t"" 'ar#e "r &ea-y and bein# %tru!0 by materia'% "r bein# !au#&t in pin!& p"int% )Cru%&ed by ma!&ine%, (a''in# materia'% "r impr"per'y %t"red materia'% )In!"rre!t'y !uttin# tie% "r %e!urin# de-i!e% Emp'"yer% and emp'"yee% !an and %&"u'd e9amine t&eir *"r0p'a!e% t" dete!t any un%a(e "r un&ea't&(u' !"nditi"n%, pra!ti!e%, "r e,uipment and ta0e t&e ne!e%%ary %tep% t" !"rre!t t&em

MA35AL +A34LI3$
See0 &e'p: 7&en a '"ad i% t"" bu'0y t" pr"per'y #ra%p "r 'i(t 7&en y"u !an:t %ee ar"und "r "-er t&e '"ad 7&en y"u !an:t %a(e'y &and'e t&e '"ad

Atta!& &and'e% t" '"ad% t" redu!e t&e !&an!e% "( #ettin# (in#er% %ma%&ed Materia' &and'in# ta%0% %&"u'd be de%i#ned t" minimi/e t&e *ei#&t, ran#e "( m"ti"n, and (re,uen!y "( t&e a!ti-ity 7"r0 met&"d% and %tati"n% %&"u'd be de%i#ned t" minimi/e t&e di%tan!e bet*een t&e per%"n and t&e "b2e!t bein# &and'ed Repetiti-e "r %u%tained t*i%tin#, %tret!&in#, "r 'eanin# t" "ne %ide are unde%irab'e C"rre!ti"n% !"u'd in!'ude rep"%iti"nin# bin% and m"-in# emp'"yee% !'"%er t" part% and !"n-ey"r% St"re &ea-y "b2e!t% at *ai%t 'e-e' Pr"-ide 'i(t)a%%i%t de-i!e%, and 'i(t tab'e% 7&en p'a!in# b'"!0% under a '"ad: ) En%ure t&e '"ad i% n"t re'ea%ed unti' &and% are rem"-ed (r"m under t&e '"ad

) .'"!0in# materia'% %&"u'd be 'ar#e and %tr"n# en"u#& t" %upp"rt t&e '"ad %a(e'y

SA6E LI6TI3$
).rea0 '"ad int" part% )$et &e'p *it& &ea-y "r bu'0y item% )Li(t *it& 'e#%, 0eep ba!0 %trai#&t, and d" n"t t*i%t )5%e &and'in# aid% ) %u!& a% %tep%, tre%t'e%, %&"u'der pad%, &and'e%, and *&ee'% )A-"id 'i(tin# ab"-e %&"u'der 'e-e'

Safe lifting training %&"u'd a'%" in!'ude: ; +ea't& ri%0% re'ated t" impr"per 'i(tin# ; T&e ba%i! anat"my "( t&e %pine, t&e mu%!'e%, and t&e 2"int% "( t&e trun0 and t&e !"ntributi"n% "( intra)abd"mina' pre%%ure *&i'e 'i(tin# ; A*arene%% "( indi-idua' b"dy %tren#t&% and *ea0ne%%e%<determinin# "ne:% "*n 'i(tin# !apa!ity ; Re!"#niti"n "( p&y%i!a' (a!t"r% t&at mi#&t !"ntribute t" an a!!ident and &"* t" a-"id t&e une9pe!ted ; =n"*'ed#e "( b"dy re%p"n%e%<*arnin# %i#na'%<t" be a*are "( *&en 'i(tin#

MATERIALS

ANDLIN! AND E"UI#MENT

Emp'"yee% mu%t be trained in t&e pr"per u%e and 'imitati"n% "( t&e e,uipment t&ey "perate

Con$e%ors
7&en u%in# !"n-ey"r%, *"r0er%> &and% may be !au#&t in nip p"int% *&ere

t&e !"n-ey"r run% "-er %upp"rt member% "r r"''er%? *"r0er% may be %tru!0 by materia' (a''in# "(( t&e !"n-ey"r? "r t&ey may be!"me !au#&t "n "r in t&e !"n-ey"r, t&ereby bein# dra*n int" t&e !"n-ey"r pat& T" redu!e t&e %e-erity "( an in2ury, an emer#en!y butt"n "r pu'' !"rd de%i#ned t" %t"p t&e !"n-ey"r mu%t be in%ta''ed at t&e emp'"yee>% *"r0 %tati"n C"ntinu"u%'y a!!e%%ib'e !"n-ey"r be't% %&"u'd &a-e an emer#en!y %t"p !ab'e t&at e9tend% t&e entire 'en#t& "( t&e !"n-ey"r be't %" t&at t&e !ab'e !an be a!!e%%ed (r"m any '"!ati"n a'"n# t&e be't T&e emer#en!y %t"p %*it!& mu%t be de%i#ned t" be re%et be("re t&e !"n-ey"r !an be re%tarted .e("re re%tartin# a !"n-ey"r t&at &a% %t"pped due t" an "-er'"ad, appr"priate per%"nne' mu%t in%pe!t t&e !"n-ey"r and !'ear t&e %t"ppa#e be("re re%tartin# Emp'"yee% mu%t ne-er ride "n a materia'% &and'in# !"n-ey"r 7&ere a !"n-ey"r pa%%e% "-er *"r0 area% "r ai%'e%, #uard% mu%t be pr"-ided t" 0eep emp'"yee% (r"m bein# %tru!0 by (a''in# materia' I( t&e !r"%%"-er i% '"* en"u#& ("r *"r0er% t" run int", it mu%t be #uarded t" pr"te!t emp'"yee% and eit&er mar0ed *it& a *arnin# %i#n "r painted a bri#&t !"'"r

&OR'LI&TS
)Center t&e '"ad "n t&e ("r0% and a% !'"%e t" t&e ma%t a% p"%%ib'e t" minimi/e t&e p"tentia' ("r t&e tru!0 tippin# "r '"ad (a''in# )O-er'"adin# a 'i(t tru!0 ma0e% it &ard t" !"ntr"' and !"u'd ma0e it tip "-er )P'a!e t&e '"ad at t&e '"*e%t p"%iti"n ("r tra-e'in# )4"n:t p'a!e e9tra *ei#&t "n t&e rear "( a !"unterba'an!ed ("r0'i(t t" a''"* an "-er'"ad

#o(ered ind)strial tr)*+ a**idents


, !au%e appr"9imate'y 100 (ata'itie% and 3@,3A0 %eri"u% in2urie% a year ) are !au%ed, at 'ea%t in part, by inade,uate trainin# BC0 D CEF e%timateG

Operating a forklift safely

7&en tran%p"rtin# '"ad%, ne-er rai%e t&e '"ad m"re t&an H in!&e% (r"m t&e #r"und =eep y"ur '"ad ti'ted ba!0 Ta0e time t" ad2u%t t&e ("r0% "n y"ur 'i(t t" (it t&e '"ad y"u *i'' be !arryin# Ad2u%tin# t&e ("r0% "ut*ard ("r *ide '"ad%, &e'p% y"u t" !enter t&e '"ad, and ma0e it m"re %tab'e 7&en dri-in# an empty tru!0, tra-e' in re-er%e up an in!'ine, and ("r*ard d"*n an in!'ine T&e !enter "( #ra-ity ("r t&e tru!0 i% ab"-e t&e (r"nt dri-e *&ee'% I( y"u are dri-in# a '"aded tru!0, tra-e' ("r*ard up an in!'ine, and ba!0*ard d"*n an in!'ine 3EIER turn *&i'e dri-in# up "r d"*n a ramp "r in!'ine 3EIER dri-e a!r"%% a ramp "r in!'ine .e!au%e 'i(t tru!0% are bui't Jnarr"*,J t&e !enter "( #ra-ity !an ,ui!0'y %&i(t "ut%ide t&e %tabi'ity trian#'e, !au%in# t&e tru!0 t" tip "-er

#O-ERED INDUSTRIAL TRUC' TRAININ!


T&e trainin# pr"-ided mu%t be app'i!ab'e t" t&e *"r0 %ite and *"r0in# !"nditi"n% Trainee% mu%t be %uper-i%ed by !"mpetent per%"n% and may n"t "perate tru!0% *&ere t&ey *"u'd endan#er any"ne T&e re,uirement% "( t&e %tandard% mu%t be tau#&t, a% *e'' a% tru!0)re'ated and *"r0p'a!e)re'ated t"pi!% T&ree %eparate a%pe!t% "( p"*ered indu%tria' tru!0 trainin# mu%t be !"mp'eted: 1 6"rma' trainin# D 'e!ture, di%!u%%i"n, intera!ti-e !"mputer 'earnin#, *ritten materia'% C Pra!ti!a' trainin# D dem"n%trati"n% and e9er!i%e% per("rmed by t&e trainee 3 E-a'uati"n D pra!ti!a' "b%er-an!e and determinati"n "( t&e trainee%: !"mpeten!e and !apabi'ity

CRANES

Crane% are an imp"rtant pie!e "( e,uipment "n a !"n%tru!ti"n %ite T&e OS+A 10)&"ur pr"#ram re!"mmend% a %eparate pre%entati"n "n !rane% )C&e!0 t&e '"ad !&art in t&e !ab )6re,uent'y in%pe!t )3e-er 'i(t pe"p'e )C&e!0 "-er&ead p"*er 'ine% )En%ure area "( tra-e' i% !'ear

RI!!IN! E"UI#MENT SLIN!S


Type% "( %'in#% !"-ered are t&"%e made (r"m a''"y %tee' !&ain, *ire r"pe, meta' me%&, natura' "r %ynt&eti! (iber r"pe, and %ynt&eti! *eb T&e type% "( %'in#% !"-ered are t&"%e made (r"m a''"y %tee' !&ain, *ire r"pe, meta' me%&, natura' "r %ynt&eti! (iber r"pe B!"n-enti"na' t&ree %trand !"n%tru!ti"nG, and %ynt&eti! *eb Bny'"n, p"'ye%ter, and p"'ypr"py'eneG SLING INSPECTION Ea!& day be("re bein# u%ed, t&e %'in# and a'' (a%tenin#% and atta!&ment% %&a'' be in%pe!ted ("r dama#e "r de(e!t% by a !"mpetent per%"n de%i#nated by t&e emp'"yer Additi"na' in%pe!ti"n% %&a'' be per("rmed durin# %'in# u%e, *&ere %er-i!e !"nditi"n% *arrant 4ama#ed "r de(e!ti-e %'in#% %&a'' be immediate'y rem"-ed (r"m %er-i!e

7e'ded a''"y %tee' !&ain %'in#% %&a'' &a-e permanent'y a((i9ed durab'e identi(i!ati"n %tatin# %i/e, #rade, rated !apa!ity, and %'in# manu(a!turer

7IRE ROPE SLI3$S Se'e!ti"n !"n%iderati"n%: %tren#t&

abi'ity t" bend *it&"ut !ra!0in# abi'ity t" *it&%tand abra%i-e *ear abi'ity t" *it&%tand abu%e

Strength < 6un!ti"n "( %i/e, #rade, and !"n%tru!ti"n It mu%t be %u((i!ient t" a!!"mm"date t&e ma9imum '"ad t&at *i'' be app'ied T&e ma9imum '"ad 'imit i% determined by mean% "( a mu'tip'ier &atig)e < A *ire r"pe mu%t &a-e t&e abi'ity t" *it&%tand repeated bendin# *it&"ut t&e (ai'ure "( t&e *ire% (r"m (ati#ue 6ai'ure i% t&e re%u't "( t&e de-e'"pment "( %ma'' !ra!0% under repeated app'i!ati"n% "( bendin# '"ad% A.rasi$e -ear < t&e abi'ity t" *it&%tand abra%i"n i% determined by t&e %i/e, number "( *ire%, and !"n%tru!ti"n "( t&e r"pe A.)se < Abu%e *i'' !au%e a *ire r"pe %'in# t" be!"me un%a(e '"n# be("re any "t&er (a!t"r Abu%in# a *ire r"pe %'in# !an !au%e %eri"u% %tru!tura' dama#e t" t&e *ire r"pe, %u!& a% 0in0in# "r bird !a#in# *&i!& redu!e% t&e %tren#t& "( t&e *ire r"pe

Storage of Hazardous Materials/Chemicals using Material Handling Equipment a. Read labels and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) before storing chemicals or flammable/combustible materials. Match storage conditions to material handling requirements (e.g., dry, cool, ventilated, etc.). Refer to ha!ter "#, $ hemical %andling and Storage&, of this Manual, for other ha'ardous materials storage requirements. Smo(ing and using o!en flames or s!ar()!roducing devices are !rohibited in chemical storage areas. *on)com!atible materials must be segregated in storage. Refer to ha!ter +,, $-ire .rotection&, of this Manual, for information on flammable/combustible materials. /rash, brush, long grass, and other combustible materials shall be (e!t a0ay from areas 0here flammable/combustible materials are handled or stored.

b.

c. 1ll s!ills of flammable/combustible materials shall be immediately cleaned u! follo0ing guidelines outlined in the facility 2mergency S!ill and 3ea( Res!onse .lan.

TRAININ! AND EDUCATION


OS+A re!"mmend% u%in# a ("rma' trainin# pr"#ram t" redu!e materia'% &and'in# &a/ard% In%tru!t"r% %&"u'd be *e'')-er%ed in matter% t&at pertain t" %a(ety en#ineerin# and materia'% &and'in# and %t"rin# T&e !"ntent "( t&e trainin# %&"u'd emp&a%i/e t&"%e (a!t"r% t&at *i'' !"ntribute t" redu!in# *"r0p'a!e &a/ard% in!'udin# t&e ("''"*in#: A'ertin# t&e emp'"yee t" t&e dan#er% "( 'i(tin# *it&"ut pr"per trainin# S&"*in# t&e emp'"yee &"* t" a-"id unne!e%%ary p&y%i!a' %tre%% and %train Tea!&in# *"r0er% t" be!"me a*are "( *&at t&ey !an !"m("rtab'y &and'e *it&"ut undue %train In%tru!tin# *"r0er% "n t&e pr"per u%e "( e,uipment Tea!&in# *"r0er% t" re!"#ni/e p"tentia' &a/ard% and &"* t" pre-ent "r !"rre!t t&em

.e!au%e "( t&e &i#& in!iden!e "( ba!0 in2urie%, %a(e 'i(tin# te!&ni,ue% ("r manua' 'i(tin# %&"u'd be dem"n%trated and pra!ti!ed at t&e *"r0 %ite by %uper-i%"r% a% *e'' a% by emp'"yee% A trainin# pr"#ram t" tea!& pr"per 'i(tin# te!&ni,ue% %&"u'd !"-er t&e ("''"*in# t"pi!%: A*arene%% "( t&e &ea't& ri%0% t" impr"per 'i(tin#<!itin# "r#ani/ati"na' !a%e &i%t"rie% =n"*'ed#e "( t&e ba%i! anat"my "( t&e %pine, t&e mu%!'e%, and t&e 2"int% "( t&e trun0, and t&e !"ntributi"n% "( intra)abd"mina' pre%%ure *&i'e 'i(tin# A*arene%% "( indi-idua' b"dy %tren#t&% and *ea0ne%%e%<determinin# "ne>% "*n 'i(tin# !apa!ity Re!"#niti"n "( t&e p&y%i!a' (a!t"r% t&at mi#&t !"ntribute t" an a!!ident, and &"* t" a-"id t&e une9pe!ted 5%e "( %a(e 'i(tin# p"%ture% and timin# ("r %m""t&, ea%y 'i(tin# and t&e abi'ity t" minimi/e t&e '"ad)m"ment e((e!t% 5%e "( &and'in# aid% %u!& a% %ta#e%, p'at("rm%, "r %tep%, tre%t'e%, %&"u'der pad%, &and'e%, and *&ee'% =n"*'ed#e "( b"dy re%p"n%e%<*arnin# %i#na'%<t" be a*are "( *&en 'i(tin#

SA&ET/ AND !UIDELINES

EALT

#RO!RAM MANA!EMENT

T" &a-e an e((e!ti-e materia'% &and'in# and %t"rin# %a(ety and &ea't& pr"#ram, mana#er% mu%t ta0e an a!ti-e r"'e in it% de-e'"pment 6ir%t)'ine %uper-i%"r% mu%t be !"n-in!ed "( t&e imp"rtan!e "( !"ntr"''in# &a/ard% a%%"!iated *it& materia'% &and'in# and %t"rin# and mu%t be &e'd a!!"untab'e ("r emp'"yee trainin# An "n) #"in# %a(ety and &ea't& pr"#ram %&"u'd be u%ed t" m"ti-ate emp'"yee% t" !"ntinue t" u%e ne!e%%ary pr"te!ti-e #ear and t" "b%er-e pr"per 2"b pr"!edure% OS+A>% re!"mmended JSa(ety and +ea't& Pr"#ram Mana#ement $uide'ine%J i%%ued in 1KHK !an pr"-ide a b'ueprint ("r emp'"yer% *&" are %ee0in# #uidan!e "n &"* t" e((e!ti-e'y mana#e and pr"te!t *"r0er %a(ety and &ea't& T&e ("ur main e'ement% "( an e((e!ti-e "!!upati"na' %a(ety and &ea't& pr"#ram are BaG mana#ement !"mmitment and emp'"yee in-"'-ement, BbG *"r0%ite ana'y%i%, B!G &a/ard pre-enti"n and !"ntr"', and BdG %a(ety and &ea't& trainin# T&e%e e'ement% en!"mpa%% prin!ip'e% %u!& a% e%tab'i%&in# and !"mmuni!atin# !'ear #"a'% "( a %a(ety and &ea't& mana#ement pr"#ram? !"ndu!tin# *"r0%ite e9aminati"n% t" identi(y e9i%tin# &a/ard% and t&e !"nditi"n% under *&i!& !&an#e% mi#&t "!!ur? e((e!ti-e'y de%i#nin# t&e 2"b %ite "r 2"b t" pre-ent &a/ard%? and pr"-idin# e%%entia' trainin# t" addre%% t&e %a(ety and &ea't& re%p"n%ibi'itie% "( b"t& mana#ement and emp'"yee% In%titutin# t&e%e pra!ti!e%, a'"n# *it& pr"-idin# t&e !"rre!t materia'% &and'in# e,uipment, !an add a 'ar#e mea%ure "( *"r0er %a(ety and &ea't& in t&e area "( materia'% &and'in# and %t"rin#

"UESTIONS:

A Li%t d"*n at 'ea%t t&ree Materia' &and'in# e,uipment u%e in t&e (ie'd "( !"n%tru!ti"n %ite An%*er: 1 Crane% C 6"r0'i(t% 3 C"n-ey"r%

. Identi(y t&e C met&"d% "( &and'in# e,uipment An%*er: A Manua''y E Me!&ani!a''y

C Identi(y t&e A %e'e!ti"n !"n%iderati"n% in !&""%in# &"i%t materia'% %u!& a% *ire r"pe %'in#% An%*er: @ Stren#t& L 6ati#ue H Abra%i-e 7ear K Abu%e

4 7&at i% t&e minimum re,uired &ei#&t in pi'in# a 'umbnerM An%*er: 10 C0 (eet

E Identi(y at 'ea%t A ri##in# e,uipment %'in#% u%ed in t&e indu%try An%*er: 11 C&ain 1C 7ire r"pe 13 Meta' me%& 1A Synt&eti!

6 Identi(y at 'ea%t 3 rea%"n% *&en t" %ee0 &e'p in &and'in# materia'% manua''y An%*er: 1E 7&en a '"ad i% t"" bu'0y t" pr"per'y #ra%p "r 'i(t 1@ 7&en y"u !an:t %ee ar"und "r "-er t&e '"ad 1L 7&en y"u !an:t %a(e'y &and'e t&e '"ad

$ Identi(y t&e t&ree main rea%"n% *&y *ire r"pe %'in#% %&"u'd be rem"-e (r"m %er-i!e An%*er: 1H .ird Ca#in# 1K =in0in# C0 Cru%&in#