Sunteți pe pagina 1din 15

ISO 286 / DIN 7151

Steel Hardness Chart

287

Tensile Strength

288

Determining Metric Tolerances

291

Technical Reference

287

Steel Hardness Chart

U.S. 800-626-6653

Values in parentheses are not contained in the normal


definition range for hardness checking, but are often
used in comparable measure.

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

20
21
22
24
25
26
28
29
30
32
33
34
36
37
38
40
41
42
45
47
50
52
55
57
59
62
64
66
67
69
71
72
74
75
77
79
80
81
83
84
86
87
88
91
93

Steel Hardness Chart

Also known as Firth


Diamond Hardness
Number.

SHORE HARDNESS
HS

*A 10mm steel ball is used


for 450 BHN and below.
A 10mm carbide ball is
used above 450 BHN.

CROSS-REFERENCE BETWEEN DIFFERENT HARDNESS MEASUREMENTS


VICKERS HARDNESS
ROCKWELL HARDNESS ROCKWELL HARDNESS ROCKWELL HARDNESS
HV
HRA
HRB
HRC
136 DIAMOND
BRALE PENETRATOR,
1/16 INCH BALL,
BRALE PENETRATOR,
PYRAMID, 10kgf LOAD
60kgf LOAD
100kgf LOAD
150kgf LOAD
90
48
100
56.2
110
62.3
120
66.7
130
71.2
140
75
150
78.7
160
81.7
(0)
170
85
(3)
180
87.1
(6)
190
89.5
(8.5)
200
91.5
(11)
210
93.4
(13.4)
220
95
(15.7)
230
96.7
(18)
240
60.7
98.1
20.3
250
61.6
99.5
22.2
260
62.4
(101)
24
270
63.1
(102)
25.6
280
63.8
(103.5)
27.1
290
64.5
(104.5)
28.5
300
65.2
(105.5)
29.8
320
66.4
(107)
32.2
340
67.6
(108)
34.4
360
68.7
(109)
36.6
380
69.8
(110)
38.8
400
70.8
40.8
420
71.8
42.7
440
72.8
44.5
460
73.6
46.1
480
74.5
47.7
500
75.3
49.1
520
76.1
50.5
540
76.7
51.7
560
77.4
53
580
78
54.1
600
78.6
55.2
620
79.2
56.3
640
79.8
57.3
660
80.3
58.3
680
80.8
59.2
700
81.3
60.1
720
81.8
61
740
82.2
61.8
760
82.6
62.5
780
83
63.3
800
83.4
64
840
84.1
65.3
880
84.7
66.4

Technical Reference

BRINELL HARDNESS
BHN*
10mm BALL,
3000kgf LOAD
86
95
105
114
124
133
143
152
162
171
181
190
200
209
219
228
238
247
256
265
275
284
303
322
341
360
379
397
415
433
452
471
488
507
525
545
564
582
601
620
638
656
670
684
698
710
722
745
767

Technical Reference

288

Technical Reference

Tensile Strength

Tensile Strength

HARDNESS
BRINELL
ROCKWELL
HARDNESS
HARDNESS
BHN*
HRC
BRALE
10mm BALL,
PENETRATOR,
3000kgf LOAD
60kgf LOAD
86
95
105
114
124
133
143
152
(0)
162
(3)
171
(6)
181
(8.5)
190
(11)
200
(13.4)
209
(15.7)
219
(18)
228
20.3
238
22.2
247
24
256
25.6
265
27.1
275
28.5
284
29.8
303
32.2
322
34.4
341
36.6
360
38.8
379
40.8
397
42.7
415
44.5
433
46.1
452
47.7
471
49.1
488
50.5
507
51.7
525
53
545
54.1
564
55.2
*A 10mm steel
ball is used
for 450 BHN
and below.
A 10mm
carbide ball
is used above
450 BHN.

GENERAL STEEL GROUP THROUGH HARDNESS VERSUS APPROXIMATE TENSILE STRENGTH


TENSILE STRENGTH
STAINLESS STEEL
AUSTENITIC TYPE

PLAIN CARBON STEEL


AND LOW ALLOY STEEL

STAINLESS STEEL
CHROMIUM TYPE

N/mm2
(APPROX.)

PSI
(APPROX.)

kgf/mm2
(APPROX.)

N/mm2
(APPROX.)

PSI
(APPROX.)

kgf/mm2
(APPROX.)

N/mm2
(APPROX.)

PSI
(APPROX.)

285
320
350
385
415
450
480
510
545
575
610
640
675
705
740
770
800
835
865
900
930
965
1,030
1,095
1,155
1,220
1,290
1,350
1,420
1,485
1,555
1,630
1,700
1,775
1,845
1,920
1,995

41,334
46,410
50,761
55,837
60,188
65,264
69,615
73,966
79,042
83,393
88,470
92,820
97,897
102,248
107,324
111,675
116,026
121,102
125,453
130,529
134,880
139,856
149,383
158,810
167,512
176,939
187,091
195,793
205,945
215,372
225,525
236,402
246,554
257,432
267,584
278,461
289,339

50
56
62
62
68
68
75
75
80
80
85
88
91
94
97
100
109
118
127
136
145
156
167
178
189
200
209
218
227
236
245

490
549
608
608
667
667
736
736
785
785
834
863
892
922
951
981
1,069
1,157
1,245
1,334
1,422
1,530
1,638
1,746
1,853
1,961
2,050
2,138
2,226
2,314
2,403

71,115
79,649
88,183
88,183
96,716
96,716
106,673
106,673
113,784
113,784
120,896
125,162
129,429
133,696
137,963
142,230
155,031
167,831
180,632
193,433
206,234
221,879
237,,524
253169
268,815
284,460
297,261
310,061
322,862
335,663
348,464

50
53
59
59
65
65
71
71
78
78
81

490
520
579
579
637
637
696
696
765
765
794

71,115
75,382
83,916
83,916
92,450
92,450
100,983
100,983
110,939
110,939
115,206

88

863

125,162

96

941

136,541

106
113
120
127
134

1,040
1,108
1,177
1,245
1,314

150,764
160,720
170,676
180,,632
190588

Values in
The Tensile Strength relationship to hardness is inexact, even for the steel, unless it is determined for a specific material. Therefore, this
parentheses are chart provides only very general approximate Tensile Strength values.
not contained
in the normal
definition range
for hardness
checking, but
are often used
in a comparable
measure.

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Technical Reference

291

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 1: Description of Preferred Fits
Table 1 is pulled from the ANSI metric tolerances section of thee machinists handbook, which conforms to the ISO and DIN tolerances for hole
basis and shaft basis ts. Table 1 provides an overview of the hole basis and shaft basis ts that make up clearance t, transition t and interference t combinations.

ISO SYMBOL

C11/h11

H9/d9

LOOSE RUNNING FIT

FOR WIDE COMMERCIAL TOLERANCES OR


ALLOWANCES ON EXTERNAL MEMBERS.

D9/h9

FREE RUNNING FIT

NOT FOR USE WHERE ACCURACY IS ESSENTIAL,


BUT GOOD FOR LARGE TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS, HIGH RUNNING SPEEDS, OR HEAVY
JOURNAL PRESSURES.

H8/f7

F8/h7

CLOSE RUNNING FIT

FOR RUNNING ON ACCURATE MACHINES


AND FOR ACCURATE LOCATION AT MODERATE
SPEEDS AND JOURNAL PRESSURES.

H7/g6

G7/h6

SLIDING FIT

NOT INTENDED TO RUN FREELY, BUT TO MOVE


AND TURN FREELY AND LOCATE ACCURATELY.

H7/h6

H7/h6

LOCATIONAL CLEARANCE FIT

PROVIDES SNUG FIT FOR LOCATING STATIONARY PARTS; BUT CAN BE FREELY ASSEMBLED
AND DISASSEMBLED.

H7/k6

K7/h6

LOCATIONAL TRANSITION FIT

FOR ACCURATE LOCATION, A COMPROMISE


BETWEEN CLEARANCE AND INTERFERENCE.

H7/n6

N7/h6

LOCATIONAL TRANSITION FIT

FOR MORE ACCURATE LOCATION WHERE


GREATER INTERFERENCE IS PERMISSIBLE.

H7/p6*

P7/h6

LOCATIONAL INTERFERENCE FIT

FOR PARTS REQUIRING RIGIDITY AND ALIGNMENT WITH PRIME ACCURACY OF LOCATION
BUT WITHOUT SPECIAL BORE PRESSURE
REQUIREMENTS.

H7/s6

S7/h6

MEDIUM DRIVE FIT

FOR ORDINARY STEEL PARTS OR SHRINK


FITS ON LIGHT SECTIONS, THE TIGHTEST FIT
USABLE WITH CAST IRON.

FORCE FIT

SUITABLE FOR PARTS WHICH CAN BE HIGHLY


STRESSED OR FOR SHRINK FITS WHERE THE
HEAVY PRESSING FORCES REQUIRED ARE
IMPRACTICAL.

H7/u6

U7/h6

Excerpt from Machinists Handbook, pg. 661, 25 Ed., Industrial Press.


*The H7/p6 Hole Basis t is a transition t for basic sizes in ranges from 0 through 3mm.

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Determining Metric Tolerances

INTERFERENCE
FITS

H11/c11

TRANSITION
FITS

SHAFT BASIS

Technical Reference

CLEARANCE
FITS

HOLE BASIS

Technical Reference

292

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 2: Commonly used Hole-Basis System of ts
Table 2 shows closer detail on the hole-basis system of ts than Table 1. When using the hole-basis system of ts, the smallest diameter in the
hole tolerance range is xed to the zero line (basic nominal hole size or diameter), and the clearance between the shaft and hole extends below
the zero line, or negative relative to the basic nominal hole size.

LETTER SYMBOLS AND GRADE NUMBERS OF SHAFTS


BASIC
HOLES

CLEARANCE FITS
b

TRANSITION FITS
f

H5

H10

js

6*

6*

6*

6*

7*

7*

*Exceptions occur in some steps of dimensions.

Table 3: Commonly used Shaft-Basis System of ts

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances

H9

4
5

H8

H6

H7

INTERFERENCE FITS

Table 3 shows closer detail on the shaft-basis system of ts than Table 1. When using the shaft-basis system of ts, the largest diameter in the
shaft tolerance range is xed to the zero line (basic nominal shaft size or diameter), and the clearance between the shaft and hole extends above
the zero line, or positive relative to the basic shaft size.

LETTER SYMBOLS AND GRADE NUMBERS OF HOLES


BASIC
SHAFTS

CLEARANCE FITS
B

TRANSITION FITS
F

h5
h6

h7

h8

h9
h10

10

INTERFERENCE FITS

Js

6*

6*

7*

7*

10

10

*Exceptions occur in some steps of dimensions.

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Technical Reference

293

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 4: IT Standard Tolerances
Table 4 details the ISO-basic tolerances (International Tolerance Grades, or, IT) which apply to all linear sizes (external and internal sizes, diameters, lengths, widths and thicknesses). An IT-grade number establishes the magnitude of the tolerance zone, while the tolerance position letter
determines where the tolerance zone is in relation to the zero line. The combination of tolerance position letter (A-X, a-x) and IT-grade number
(01-8) creates the overall tolerance symbol (i.e., F8/h7 when using the shaft-basis system of ts).
For nominal size range up to 500mm according to DIN 7151/ISO 286, and for nominal size range over 500mm, according to DIN 7172/ISO 286.

IT STANDARD TOLERANCES (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

OVER

TO

IT01

IT0

IT1

IT2

IT3

IT4

IT5

IT6

IT7

IT8

IT9

IT10

IT11

IT12

IT13

IT14

IT15

IT16

IT17

IT18

0.3

0.5

0.8

1.2

10

14

25

40

60

100

140

250

400

600

0.4

0.6

1.5

2.5

12

18

30

48

75

120

180

300

480

750

1500

10

0.4

0.6

1.5

2.5

15

22

36

58

90

150

220

360

580

900

10

18

0.5

0.8

1.2

11

18

27

43

70

110

180

270

430

700

1100 1800 2700

18

30

0.6

1.5

2.5

13

21

33

52

84

130

210

330

520

840

1300 2100 3300

30

50

0.6

1.5

2.5

11

16

25

39

62

100

160

250

390

620

1000 1600 2500 3900

50

80

0.8

1.2

13

19

30

46

74

120

190

300

460

740

1200 1900 3000 4600


1400 2200 3500 5400

120

1.5

2.5

10

15

22

35

54

87

140

220

350

540

870

180

1.2

3.5

12

18

25

40

63

100

160

250

400

630

1000 1600 2500 4000 6300

180

250

4.5

10

14

20

29

46

72

115

185

290

460

720

1150 1850 2900 4600 7200

250

315

2.5

12

16

23

32

52

81

130

210

320

520

810

1300 2100 3200 5200 8100

315

400

13

18

25

36

57

89

140

230

360

570

890

1400 2300 3600 5700 8900

400

500

10

15

20

27

40

63

97

155

250

400

630

970

1550 2500 4000 6300 9700

500

630

4.5

11

16

22

30

44

70

110

175

280

440

700

1100 1750 2800 4400

80
120

Technical Reference

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

ITEMS IN MM

800

10

13

18

25

35

50

80

125

200

320

500

800

1250 2000 3200 5000

800

1000

5.5

11

15

21

29

40

56

90

140

230

360

560

900

1400 2300 3600 5600

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Determining Metric Tolerances

630

Technical Reference

294

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 5: Fundamental deviations of holes and shafts
Table 5 details fundamental deviations between holes and shafts, and is provided for reference.

IT6 TO IT16

LETTER SYMBOLS

SIGNS

260

145

76

22

290

160

80

24

320

170

86

350

195

98

ABOVE

UP TO

500

560

560

630

630

710

710

800

800

900

900

1000

1000

1120

1120

1250

1250

1400

1400

1600

1600

1800

1800

2000

Js

26

44

78

150

280

400

600

155

310

450

660

30

50

88

175

340

500

740

185

380

560

840

26

34

56

100

210

430

620

940

220

470

680

1050

28

40

66

120

250

520

780

1150

DEVIATIONS
(+/) IT/2
390

220

110

30

48

78

140

260

580

840

1300

300

640

960

1450

330

720

1050

1600

370

820

1200

1850

400

920

1350

2000

440

1000

1500

2300

460

1100

1650

2500

550

1250

1900

2900

580

1400

2100

3200

240

120

32

58

92

170

480

260

130

34

68

110

195

520

290

145

38

76

135

240

SIGNS

LETTER SYMBOLS

430

2000

2240

2240

2500

SHAFTS

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(UPPER DEVIATIONS)

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(LOWER DEVIATIONS)

DIVISIONS

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances

HOLES

GRADE

2500

2800

2800

3150

ABOVE

UP TO

DIVISIONS

js

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(LOWER DEVIATIONS)

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(UPPER DEVIATIONS)

GRADE

IT6 TO IT16

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Technical Reference

295

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 6: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes)
Table 6 details tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) based relative to the tolerance symbol. Upper and lower values are provided as either positive or negative (or zero) values relative to the nominal size chosen. Pick the range in which the desired nominal value falls into, and then either
add or subtract the tolerances to nd the upper and lower tolerance range for the desired nominal size.
UNITS IN MM
OVER

TO

A11

B8

B11

C11

D9

D10

D11

E8

E9

F6

F7

F8

G6

G7

H5

H6

H7

H8

H9

H10

+120
+60

+45
+20

+60
+20

+80
+20

+28
+14

+39
+14

+12
+6

+16
+6

+20
+6

+8
+2

+12
+2

+4
0

+6
0

+10
0

+14
0

+25
0

+40
0

+345 +158 +215 +145


+270 +140 +140 +70

+60
+30

+78
+30

+105
30

+38
+20

+50
+20

+18
+10

+22
+10

+28
+10

+12
+4

+16
+4

+5
0

+8
0

+12
0

+18
0

+30
0

+48
0

10

+370 +172 +240 +170


+280 +150 +150 +80

+76
+40

+98
+40

+130
+40

+47
+25

+61
+25

+22
+13

+28
+13

+35
+13

+14
+5

+20
+5

+6
0

+9
0

+15
0

+22
0

+36
0

+58
0

+400 +177 +260 +205


+290 +150 +150 +95

+93
+50

+120 +160
+50 +50

+59
+32

+75
+32

+27
+16

+34
+16

+43
+16

+17
+6

+24
+6

+8
0

+11
0

+18
0

+27
0

+43
0

+70
0

+430 +193 +290 +240 +117 +149 +195


+300 +160 +160 +110 +65 +65 +65

+73
+40

+92
+40

+33
+20

+41
+20

+53
+20

+20
+7

+28
+7

+9
0

+13
0

+21
0

+33
0

+52
0

+84
0

+470 +209 +330 +280


+310 +170 +170 +120 +142 +180 +240
+480 +219 +340 +290 +80 +80 +80
+320 +180 +180 +130

+89
+50

+112
+50

+41
+25

+50
+25

+64
+25

+25
+9

+34
+9

+11
0

+16
0

+25
0

+39
0

+62
0

+100
0

+530 +236 +380 +330


+340 +190 +190 +140 +174 +220 +290 +106 +134
+550 +246 +390 +340 +100 +100 +100 +60 +60
+360 +200 +200 +150

+49
+30

+60
+30

+76
+30

+29
+10

+40
+10

+13
0

+19
0

+30
0

+46
0

+74
0

+120
0

+600 +274 +440 +390


+380 +220 +220 +170 +207 +260 +340 +126 +159
+630 +294 +460 +400 +120 +120 +120 +72 +72
+410 +240 +240 +180

+58
+36

+71
+36

+90
+36

+34
+12

+47
+12

+15
0

+22
0

+35
0

+54
0

+87
0

+140
0

+68
+43

+83
+43

+106
+43

+39
+14

+54
+14

+18
0

+25
0

+40
0

+63
0

+100 +160
0
0

+79
+50

+96
+50

+122
+50

+44
+15

+61
+15

+20
0

+29
0

+46
0

+72
0

+115 +185
0
0

+1240 +561 +800 +620


+920 +480 +480 +300 +320 +400 +510 +191 +240
+1370 +621 +860 +650 +190 +190 +190 +110 +110
+1050 +540 +540 +330

+88
+56

+108 +137
+56 +56

+49
+17

+69
+17

+23
0

+32
0

+52
0

+81
0

+130 +210
0
0

+1560 +689 +960 +720


+1200 +600 +600 +360 +350 +440 +570 +214 +265
+1710 +769 +1040 +760 +210 +210 +210 +125 +125
+1350 +680 +680 +400

+98
+62

+119 +151
+62 +62

+54
+18

+75
+18

+25
0

+36
0

+57
0

+89
0

+140 +230
0
0

+1900 +857 +1160 +840


+1500 +760 +760 +440 +385 +480 +630 +232 +290 +108 +131 +165
+2050 +937 +1240 +880 +230 +230 +230 +135 +135 +68 +68 +68
+1650 +840 +840 +480

+60
+20

+83
+20

+27
0

+40
0

+63
0

+97
0

+155 +250
0
0

14
18

18

24

24

30

30

40

40

50

50

65

65

80

80

100

100

120

120

140

+710 +323 +510 +450


+460 +260 +260 +200

140

160

+770 +343 +530 +460 +245 +305 +395 +148 +185


+520 +280 +280 +210 +145 +145 +145 +85 +85

160

180

+830 +373 +560 +480


+580 +310 +310 +230

180

200

+950 +412 +630 +530


+660 +340 +340 +240

200

225

+1030 +452 +670 +550 +285 +355 +460 +172 +215


+740 +380 +380 +260 +170 +170 +170 +100 +100

225

250

+1110 +492 +710 +570


+820 +420 +420 +280

250

280

280

315

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Determining Metric Tolerances

10
14

+330 +154 +200


+270 +140 +140

Technical Reference

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

Technical Reference

296

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 6: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) continued

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances

UNITS IN MM

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

OVER

TO

H11

H12

H13

J6

J7

J8

K6

K7

K8

M6

M7

M8

N6

N7

N8

R7

JS6

JS7

JS8

JS9

+60
0

+100 +140
0
0

+2
-4

+4
-6

+6
-8

0
-6

0
-10

0
-14

-2
-8

-2
-12

-2
-16

-4
-10

-4
-14

-4
-18

-10
-20

+3
-3

+5
-5

+7
-7

+12.5
-12.5

+75
0

+120 +180
0
0

+5
-3

+6
-6

+10
-8

+2
-6

+3
-9

+5
-13

-1
-9

0
-12

+2
-16

-5
-13

-4
-16

-2
-20

-11
-23

+4
-4

+6
-6

+9
-9

+15
-15

10

+90
0

+150 +220
0
0

+5
-4

+8
-7

+12
-10

+2
-7

+5
-10

+6
-16

-3
-12

0
-15

+1
-21

-7
-16

-4
-19

-3
-25

-13
-28

+4.5
-4.5

+7.5
-7.5

+11
-11

+18
-18

10

14

14

18

+110 +180 +270


0
0
0

+6
-5

+10
-8

+15
-12

+2
-9

+6
-12

+8
-19

-4
-15

0
-18

+2
-25

-9
-20

-5
-23

-3
-30

-16
-34

+5.5
-5.5

+9
-9

18

24

24

30

+130 +210 +330


0
0
0

+8
-5

+12
-9

+20
-13

+2
-11

+6
-15

+10
-23

-4
-17

0
-21

+4
-29

-11
-24

-7
-28

-3
-36

-20
-41

+6.5 +10.5 +16.5


-6.5 -10.5 -16.5

30

40

40

50

+160 +250 +390


0
0
0

+10
-6

+14
-11

+24
-15

+3
-13

+7
-18

+12
-27

-4
-20

0
-25

+5
-34

-12
-28

-8
-33

-3
-42

-25
-50

50

65

+190 +300 +460


0
0
0

+13
-6

+18
-12

+28
-18

+4
-15

+9
-21

+14
-32

-5
-24

0
-30

+5
-41

-14
-33

-9
-39

-4
-50

+220 +350 +540


0
0
0

+16
-6

+22
-13

+34
-20

+4
-18

+10
-25

+16
-38

-6
-28

0
-35

+6
-48

-16
-38

-10
-45

-4
-58

65

80

80

100

-30
-60

+23
-23

+37
-37

+11
-11

+17.5
-17.5

+27
-27

+43.5
-43.5

+12.5
-12.5

+20
-20

+31.5
-31.5

+50
-50

-63 +14.5
-109 -14.5

+23
-23

+36
-36

+57.5
-57.5

+26
-26

+40.5
-40.5

+65
-65

+18
-18

+28.5 +44.5
-28.5 -44.5

+70
-70

+20
-20

+31.5 +48.5 +77.5


-31.5 -48.5 -77.5

-38
-73
-41
-76

120

140

140

160

160

180

-53
-93

180

200

-60
-106

200

225

225

250

250

280

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

+31
-31

+15
-15

120

315

+12.5 +19.5
-12.5 -19.5

+26
-26

+9.5
-9.5

-32
-62

100

280

+8
-8

+13.5 +21.5
-13.5 -21.5

-48
-88
+250 +400 +630
0
0
0

+290 +460 +720


0
0
0

+18
-7

+22
-7

+26
-14

+30
-16

+41
-22

+4
-21

+47
-25

+5
-24

+12
-28

+13
-33

+20
-43

+22
-50

-8
-33

-8
-37

0
-40

0
-46

+8
-55

+9
-63

-20
-45

-22
-51

-12
-52

-14
-60

-4
-67

-5
-77

-50
-90

-67
-113
+320 +520 +810
0
0
0

+25
-7

+36
-16

+55
-26

+5
-27

+16
-36

+25
-56

-9
-41

0
-52

+9
-72

-25
-57

-14
-66

-5
-86

+360 +570 +890


0
0
0

+29
-7

+39
-18

+60
-29

+7
-29

+17
-40

+28
-61

-10
-46

0
-57

+11
-78

-26
-62

-16
-73

-5
-94

+400 +630 +970


0
0
0

+33
-7

+43
-20

+66
-31

+8
-32

+18
-45

+29
-68

-10
-50

0
-63

+11
-86

-27
-67

-17
-80

-6
-103

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

-74
-126
-78
-130
-87
-144
-93
-150
-103
-166
-109
-172

+16
-16

www.dme.net

Technical Reference

297

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 6: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) continued

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

TO

JS10

JS11

JS12

JS13

JS14

JS15

JS16

JS17

JS18

+20
-20

+30
-30

+50
-50

+70
-70

+125
-125

+200
-200

+300
-300

+24
-24

+37.5
-37.5

+60
-60

+90
-90

+150
-150

+240
-240

+375
-375

10

+29
-29

+45
-45

+75
-75

+110
-110

+180
-180

+290
-290

+450
-450

+750
-750

10

14

14

18

+35
-35

+55
-55

+90
-90

+135
-135

+215
-215

+350
-350

+550
-550

+900
-900

+1350
-1350

18

24

24

30

+42
-42

+65
-65

+105
-105

+165
-165

+260
-260

+420
-420

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1650
-1650

30

40

40

50

+50
-50

+80
-80

+125
-125

+195
-195

+310
-310

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+1950
-1950

50

65

65

80

+60
-60

+95
-95

+150
-150

+230
-230

+370
-370

+600
-600

+950
-950

+1500
-1500

+2300
-2300

80

100

100

120

+70
-70

+110
-110

+175
-175

+270
-270

+435
-435

+700
-700

+1100
-1100

+1750
-1750

+2700
-2700

120

140

140

160

+80
-80

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

160

180

180

200

200

225

+92.5
-92.5

+145
-145

+230
-230

+360
-360

+575
-575

+925
-925

+1450
-1450

+2300
-2300

+3600
-3600

225

250

250

280

280

315

+105
-105

+160
-160

+260
-260

+405
-405

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1600
-1600

+2600
-2600

+4050
-4050

315

355

355

400

+115
-115

+180
-180

+285
-285

+445
-445

+700
-700

+1150
-1150

+1800
-1800

+2850
-2850

+4450
-4450

400

450

450

500

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+485
-485

+775
-775

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

+4850
-4850

OVER

Technical Reference

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Determining Metric Tolerances

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

UNITS IN MM

Technical Reference

298

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 7: Tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts)
Table 7 details tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts) based relative to the tolerance symbol. Upper and lower values are provided as either
positive or negative (or zero) values relative to the nominal size chosen. Pick the range in which the desired nominal value fall into, and then either
add or subtract the tolerances to nd the upper and lower tolerance range for the desired nominal size.

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances

UNITS IN MM

TOLERANCES FOR OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (SHAFTS) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

OVER

TO

a11

b8

b11

c11

d9

d10

d11

e7

e8

e9

f6

f7

f8

f9

g5

g6

g7

h4

h5

h6

h7

-60
-270 -140 -140 -120
-330 -154 -200

-20
-45

-20
-60

-20
-80

-14
-24

-14
-28

-14
-39

-6
-12

-6
-16

-6
-20

-6
-31

-2
-6

-2
-8

-2
-12

0
-3

0
-4

0
-6

0
-10

-270 -140 -140 -70


-345 -158 -215 -145

-30
-60

-30
-78

-30
-105

-20
-32

-20
-38

-20
-50

-10
-18

-10
-22

-10
-28

-10
-40

-4
-9

-4
-12

-4
-16

0
-4

0
-5

0
-8

0
-12

10

-280 -150 -150 -80


-370 -172 -240 -170

-40
-76

-40
-98

-40
-130

-25
-40

-25
-47

-25
-61

-13
-22

-13
-28

-13
-35

-13
-49

-5
-11

-5
-14

-5
-20

0
-4

0
-6

0
-9

0
-15

10

14

14

18

-290 -150 -150 -95


-400 -177 -260 -205

-50
-93

-50 -50
-120 -160

-32
-50

-32
-59

-32
-75

-16
-27

-16
-34

-16
-43

-16
-59

-6
-14

-6
-17

-6
-24

0
-5

0
-8

0
-11

0
-18

18

24

24

30

-300 -160 -160 -110 -65 -65 -65


-430 -193 -290 -240 -117 -149 -195

-40
-61

-40
-73

-40
-92

-20
-33

-20
-41

-20
-53

-20
-72

-7
-16

-7
-20

-7
-28

0
-6

0
-9

0
-13

0
-21

30

40

40

50

-50
-75

-50
-89

-50
-112

-25
-41

-25
-50

-25
-64

-25
-87

-9
-20

-9
-25

-9
-34

0
-7

0
-11

0
-16

0
-25

50

65

65

80

-60
-90

-60 -60
-106 -134

-30
-49

-30
-60

-30
-76

-30
-104

-10
-23

-10
-29

-10
-40

0
-8

0
-13

0
-19

0
-30

80

100

100

120

-380 -220 -220 -170


-600 -274 -440 -390 -120 -120 -120 -72 -72 -72
-410 -240 -240 -180 -207 -260 -340 -107 -126 -159
-630 -294 -460 -400

-36
-58

-36
-71

-36
-90

-36
-123

-12
-27

-12
-34

-12
-47

0
-10

0
-15

0
-22

0
-35

120

140

-460 -260 -260 -200


-710 -323 -510 -450

140

160

-520 -280 -280 -210 -145 -145 -145 -85 -85 -85
-770 -343 -530 -460 -245 -305 -395 -125 -148 -185

-43
-68

-43
-83

-43 -43
-106 -143

-14
-32

-14
-39

-14
-54

0
-12

0
-18

0
-25

0
-40

160

180

-580 -310 -310 -230


-830 -373 -560 -480

180

200

-660 -340 -340 -240


-950 -412 -630 -530

200

225

-740 -380 -380 -260 -170 -170 -170 -100 -100 -100
-1030 -452 -670 -550 -285 -355 -460 -146 -172 -215

-50
-79

-50
-96

-50 -50
-122 -165

-15
-35

-15
-44

-15
-61

0
-14

0
-20

0
-29

0
-46

225

250

-820 -420 -420 -280


-1110 -492 -710 -570

250

280

280

315

-920 -480 -480 -300


-1240 -561 -800 -620 -190 -190 -190 -110 -110 -110
-1050 -540 -540 -330 -320 -400 -510 -162 -191 -240
-1370 -621 -860 -650

-56
-88

-56 -56 -56


-108 -137 -186

-17
-40

-17
-49

-17
-69

0
-16

0
-23

0
-32

0
-52

315

355

355

400

-1200 -600 -600 -360


-1560 -689 -960 -720 -210 -210 -210 -125 -125 -125
-1350 -680 -680 -400 -350 -440 -570 -182 -214 -265
-1710 -769 -1040 -760

-62
-98

-62 -62 -62


-119 -151 -202

-18
-43

-18
-54

-18
-75

0
-18

0
-25

0
-36

0
-57

400

450

450

500

-1500 -760 -760 -440


-1900 -857 -160 -840 -230 -230 -230 -135 -135 -135 -68 -68 -68 -68
-1650 -840 -840 -480 -385 -480 -630 -198 -232 -290 -108 -131 -165 -223
-2050 -937 -1240 -880

-20
-47

-20
-60

-20
-83

0
-20

0
-27

0
-40

0
-63

-310 -170 -170 -120


-470 -209 -330 -280

-80 -80 -80


-320 -180 -180 -130 -142 -180 -240
-480 -219 -340 -290
-340 -190 -190 -140
-530 -236 -380 -330 -100 -100 -100
-360 -200 -200 -150 -174 -220 -290
-550 -246 -390 -340

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Technical Reference

299

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 7: Tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts) continued

UNITS IN MM

TOLERANCES FOR OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (SHAFTS) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

TO

h8

h9

h10

h11

j5

j6

j7

k5

k6

k7

k8

m5

m6

m7

n5

n6

n7

r6

js6

js7

0
-14

0
-25

0
-40

0
-60

+2
-2

+4
-2

+6
-4

+4
0

+6
0

+10
0

+14
0

+6
+2

+8
+2

+12
+2

+8
+4

+10
+4

+14
+4

+16
+10

+3
-3

+5
-5

0
-18

0
-30

0
-48

0
-75

+3
-2

+6
-2

+8
-4

+6
+1

+9
+1

+13
+1

+18
0

+9
+4

+12
+4

+16
+4

+13
+8

+16
+8

+20
+8

+23
+15

+4
-4

+6
-6

10

0
-22

0
-36

0
-58

0
-90

+4
-2

+7
-2

+10
-5

+7
+1

+10
+1

+16
+1

+22
0

+12
+6

+15
+6

+21
+6

+16
+10

+19
+10

+25
+10

+28
+19

+4.5
-4.5

+7.5
-7.5

0
-27

0
-43

0
-70

0
-110

+5
-3

+8
-3

+12
-6

+9
+1

+12
+1

+19
+1

+27
0

+15
+7

+18
+7

+25
+7

+20
+12

+23
+12

+30
+12

+34
+23

+5.5
-5.5

+9
-9

0
-33

0
-52

0
-84

0
-130

+5
-4

+9
-4

+13
-8

+11
+2

+15
+2

+23
+2

+33
0

+17
+8

+21
+8

+29
+8

+24
+15

+28
+15

+36
+15

+41
+28

+6.5 +10.5
-6.5 -10.5

0
-39

0
-62

0
-100

0
-160

+6
-5

+11
-5

+15
-10

+13
+2

+18
+2

+27
+2

+39
0

+20
+9

+25
+9

+34
+9

+28
+17

+33
+17

+42
+17

+50
+34

0
-46

0
-74

0
-120

0
-190

+6
-7

+12
-7

+18
-12

+15
+2

+21
+2

+32
+2

+46
0

+24
+11

+30
+11

+41
+11

+33
+20

+39
+20

+50
+20

0
-54

0
-87

0
-140

0
-220

+6
-9

+13
-9

+20
-15

+18
+3

+25
+3

+38
+3

+54
0

+28
+13

+35
+13

+48
+13

+38
+23

+45
+23

+58
+23

10

14

14

18

18

24

24

30

30

40

40

50

50

65
80

80

100

+12.5
-12.5

+9.5
-9.5

+15
-15

+11
-11

+17.5
-17.5

+12.5
-12.5

+20
-20

+109 +14.5
+80 -14.5

+23
-23

+60
+41
+62
+43
+73
+51

100

120

120

140

140

160

160

180

+113
+84

180

200

+106
+77

200

225

225

250

250

280

280

315

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

+88
+63
0
-63

0
-72

0
-100

0
-115

0
-160

0
-185

0
-250

0
-290

+7
-11

+7
-13

+14
-11

+22
-18

+16
-13

+25
-21

+21
+3

+24
+4

+28
+3

+33
+4

+43
+3

+50
+4

+63
0

+72
0

+33
+15

+37
+17

+40
+15

+46
+17

+55
+15

+63
+17

+45
+27

+51
+31

+52
+27

+60
+31

+67
+27

+77
+31

+90
+65

+113
+84
+126
+94

0
-81

0
-130

0
-210

0
-320

+7
-16

+16
-16

+26
-26

+27
+4

+36
+4

+56
+4

+81
0

+43
+20

+52
+20

+72
+20

+57
+34

+66
+34

+86
+34

0
-89

0
-140

0
-230

0
-360

+7
-18

+18
-18

+29
-28

+29
+4

+40
+4

+61
+4

+89
0

+46
+21

+57
+21

+78
+21

+62
+37

+73
+37

+94
+37

0
-97

0
-155

0
-250

0
-400

+7
-20

+20
-20

+31
-32

+32
+5

+45
+5

+68
+5

+97
0

+50
+23

+63
+23

+86
+23

+67
+40

+80
+40

+166
+103 +126
+40 +172
+132

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

+130
+98
+144
+108
+150
+114

+16
-16

+26
-26

+18
-18

+28.5
-28.5

+20
-20

+31.5
-31.5

Determining Metric Tolerances

+76
+54

65

+8
-8

Technical Reference

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

OVER

Technical Reference

300

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 7: Tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts) continued

UNITS IN MM

Technical Reference

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

Determining Metric Tolerances

OVER

TOLERANCES FOR OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (SHAFTS) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

TO

js8

js9

js10

js11

js12

js13

js14

js15

js16

js17

js18

+7
-7

+12.5
-12.5

+20
-20

+30
-30

+50
-50

+70
-70

+125
-125

+200
-200

+300
-300

+9
-9

+15
-15

+24
-24

+37.5
-37.5

+60
-60

+90
-90

+150
-150

+240
-240

+375
-375

10

+11
-11

+18
-18

+29
-29

+45
-45

+75
-75

+110
-110

+180
-180

+290
-290

+450
-450

+750
-750

+13.5
-13.5

+21.5
-21.5

+35
-35

+55
-55

+90
-90

+135
-135

+215
-215

+350
-350

+550
-550

+900
-900

+1350
-1350

+16.5
-16.5

+26
-26

+42
-42

+65
-65

+105
-105

+165
-165

+260
-260

+420
-420

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1650
-1650

+19.5
-19.5

+31
-31

+50
-50

+80
-80

+125
-125

+195
-195

+310
-310

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+1950
-1950

+23
-23

+37
-37

+60
-60

+95
-95

+150
-150

+230
-230

+370
-370

+600
-600

+950
-950

+1500
-1500

+2300
-2300

+27
-27

+43.5
-43.5

+70
-70

+110
-110

+175
-175

+270
-270

+435
-435

+700
-700

+1100
-1100

+1750
-1750

+2700
-2700

+31.5
-31.5

+50
-50

+80
-80

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

+36
-36

+57.5
-57.5

+92.5
-92.5

+145
-145

+230
-230

+360
-360

+575
-575

+925
-925

+1450
-1450

+2300
-2300

+3600
-3600

+40.5
-40.5

+65
-65

+105
-105

+160
-160

+260
-260

+405
-405

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1600
-1600

+2600
-2600

+4050
-4050

+44.5
-44.5

+70
-70

+115
-115

+180
-180

+285
-285

+445
-445

+700
-700

+1150
-1150

+1800
-1800

+2850
-2850

+4450
-4450

+48.5
-48.5

+77.5
-77.5

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+485
-485

+775
-775

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

+4850
-4850

10

14

14

18

18

24

24

30

30

40

40

50

50

65

65

80

80

100

100

120

120

140

140

160

160

180

180

200

200

225

225

250

250

280

280

315

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Technical Reference

301

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 8: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes)
Table 8 details tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) based relative to the tolerance symbol. This table works the same way as Table 6, but is
pulled from a different source (ANSI standards) and details S7 and U7 ts. Pick the nominal size value that is closest to the desired nominal size to
determine the required tolerance range relative to the chosen tolerance symbol.

HOLE BASIS FIT


Example:

This Gives:

[mm]
60
50 to 65
IT7 (hole), IT6 (shaft)
H7/k6
Locational Transition Fit
0.030mm
0.019mm

Nominal size:
Size range to be used:
ISO-Grade No.:
Tolerance Symbol:
Desired Fit:
Allowance for hole:
Allowance for shaft:

Hole:
[mm]
H7

+0.030
-0

(0.030mm range)

k6

+0.021
+0.002

(0.019mm range)

60
Shaft:
[mm]
60

S7

U7

-14
-24

-18
-28

1.2

-14
-24

1.6

PICK CLOSEST VALUE TO DESIRED


DIMENSION (UNITS IN MM)

U7

25

-27
-48

-40
-61

-18
-28

30

-27
-48

-40
-61

-14
-24

-18
-28

40

-34
-59

-51
-76

-14
-24

-18
-28

50

-34
-59

-61
-86

2.5

-14
-24

-18
-28

60

-42
-72

-76
-106

-14
-24

-18
-28

80

-48
-78

-91
-121

-15
-27

-19
-31

100

-58
-93

-111
-146

-15
-27

-19
-31

120

-66
-101

-131
-166

-15
-27

-19
-31

160

-85
-125

-175
-215

-17
-32

-22
-37

200

-105
-151

-219
-265

10

-17
-32

-22
-37

250

-123
-169

-267
-313

12

-21
-39

-26
-44

300

-150
-202

-330
-382

16

-21
-39

-26
-44

400

-187
-244

-414
-471

20

-27
-48

-33
-54

500

-229
-292

-517
-580

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net

Determining Metric Tolerances

S7

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

PICK CLOSEST VALUE TO DESIRED


DIMENSION (UNITS IN MM)

Technical Reference

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

Technical Reference

302

Determining Metric Tolerances


Table 9: Tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts)
Table 9 details tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts) based relative to the tolerance symbol. This table works the same way as Table 7, but is
pulled from a different source (ANSI standards) and details s6 and u6 ts. Pick the nominal size value that is closest to the desired nominal size to
determine the required tolerance range relative to the chosen tolerance symbol.

HOLE BASIS FIT


Example:

Determining Metric Tolerances

This Gives:

Hole:
[mm]
F6

+0.033
-0

(0.013mm range)

h6

0
-0.013

(0.013mm range)

24
Shaft:
[mm]
24

TOLERANCES FOR OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (SHAFTS) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)


PICK CLOSEST VALUE TO DESIRED
DIMENSION (UNITS IN MM)

s6

u6

+20
+14

+24
+18

1.2

+20
+14

1.6

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

PICK CLOSEST VALUE TO DESIRED


DIMENSION (UNITS IN MM)

s6

u6

25

+48
+35

+61
+48

+24
+18

30

+48
+35

+61
+48

+20
+14

+24
+18

40

+59
+43

+76
+60

+20
+14

+24
+18

50

+59
+43

+86
+70

2.5

+20
+14

+24
+18

60

+72
+53

+106
+87

+20
+14

+24
+18

80

+78
+59

+121
+102

+27
+19

+31
+23

100

+93
+71

+146
+124

+27
+19

+31
+23

120

+101
+79

+166
+144

+27
+19

+31
+23

160

+125
+100

+215
+190

+32
+23

+37
+28

200

+151
+122

+265
+236

10

+32
+23

+37
+28

250

+169
+140

+313
+284

12

+39
+28

+44
+33

300

+202
+170

+382
+350

16

+39
+28

+44
+33

400

+244
+208

+471
+435

20

+48
+35

+54
+41

500

+292
+252

+580
+540

|
Technical Reference

[mm]
24
18 to 30
IT6
F6/h6
Clearance Fit
0.013mm
0.013mm

Nominal size:
Size range to be used:
ISO-Grade No.:
Tolerance Symbol:
Desired Fit:
Allowance for hole:
Allowance for shaft:

U.S. 800-626-6653

N

Canada 800-387-6600

N

www.dme.net