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Lumbini And Its Master Plan

Uddhab puri
Chief Editor of
Ithas Pravah

Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha1 and the Fountain of World
Peace2 is one of the most holy places.The Buddhists or non - Buddhists,
Who loves peace want to develop and further promote Lumbini for the
world peace and prosperity. Nepal must be proud of it and dedicate for the
conservation and completion of it's Master Plan3. His Majesty's Government
of Nepal and Lumbini Development Trust are fully committed to the
development of Lumbini according to the Master Plan.

But after 27 years of the implementation of the Master Plan, there are no
good conservation, preservation and adequate development work as
anticipated. Few works are done by Lumbini Development Trust. The office
-bearers of the Trust claim with pride that all development works are going
on according to the Master Plan but in reality there is no substantial
achievement. Most of the development works of Lumbini are done in
haste and rush, so it has not attained anticipated consequence. The major
hidden aspect of such drawback is acceptance of commission and
employment of the disqualified and involvement of the inexperienced
technicians. Government, concerned ministry and Trust must have clear
vision and commitment for the development of the Master Plan and
conservation of birth place of Lord Buddha, but it may not be hyper
criticism on the Trust's miss management. The bitter comment is made here
for the better future of Lumbini.

Lumbini, the birth place of Buddha is a historically and culturally

rich sanctuary. There are ancient and archaeological relics dating back to
the third century B.C. and earlier.4 It is one of the world prominent
heritages and it is for the future generation. Archaeological relics of the
Lumbini relating to the Lord Buddha, representative of the peace and
betterment for world society, must be well conserved5. Lumbini is the
matter of world concern. United Nations Organization had taken much
interest for its development and asked Prof. Kenzo Tange, Japan, to
prepare the Master Plan6. Master Plan was finalized in 1978 A.D.

The Lumbini Master Plan covers 1 3 sq. miles expanding 1 mile east
west and 3 miles north-south. Total holding land of Lumbini is 77o(1150
bighas) hectres and Lumbini Development Trust has ownership of
the area. Before, discussing about the Master Plan of Lumbini, we can not
forget late king Mahendra and late U Thant,the Secretary General of United
Nations, who had made substantial contributions for the development of
Lumbini. Late U Thant visited Lumbini and later on met late king
Mahendra in 1967. As a result, the United Nations Organization made a
decision to get the Master Plan prepared for the development of Lumbini.

According to the Master Plan, Lumbini's tropical landscape is

north-south and Lumbini area is divided into three zones like Sacred
Garden Zone, Monastic Zone and New Lumbini Village Zone ,which
include four elements: the Sacred Garden, Lumbini Center, Cultural Center
and the Monastic Enclaves7.

Sacred Garden

Within the Master Plan, the Sacred Garden is in the extreme southern part.
It is the most important living historical and archaeological site. Asokan
Pillar, Marker Stone and other relics found there are related to Lord
Buddha. The Sacred Garden, the focal point of Lumbini Garden circle is
900m. The Asokan Pillar was erected in Lumbini 249 Maurya
Emperor Asoka. He was there guided by his preceptor Upagupta. In that
stone pillar an inscription stating clearly here Sakyamuni Buddha was
born(Hida Budhe Jate Sakyamuniti)8. The Marker Stone pinpoints the exact
location of the birth place of Lord Buddha. It was discovered during the
excavation of the Maya Devi Temple site in 1996 A. D. Lumbini was
discovered on Dec 1,1896 A.D. by Gen Khadga Shamsher, the then governor
of Palpa,Nepal and German scholar Dr. Alois Fuhrer, an archaeological
surveyor in British India. The Nativity Sculpture, the image of Buddha
and Maya Devi is dated back to 4th

century A.D. The Marker Stone and the Nativity sculpture are well managed
inside the Maya Devi Temple. The Puskarani or Sacred Pond is famous as
Maya Devi took bath just before giving birth to the Buddha and Buddha was
also given his first purification bath there. At the holy complex of Lumbini
Garden covered group of Stupas (ancient Lumbini Village) back to the 3rd
century B.C9.

The Master Plan designs here to create an atmosphere of Buddha's

message of spirituality and peace. New construction would be removed. The
Sacred Garden area is surrounded by man made pond, a circular levee and
forest10. After long time discussion, construction of Maya Devil temple was
completed according to UNESCO archaeological norms11. But it is not fully
satisfactory so UNESCO has also made a complaint.
His Majesty's Government has done archaeological excavation and
conservation in the Maya Devi Temple complex, pond and circular levee to
be completed. Lack of trained manpower and dedicate archaeologists, the
work of archaeological conservation process is progressing in the tortoise

The Monastic Zone

The Monastic Zone has covered one mile sq. of the Master Plan. It is
in North of the Sacred Garden or the center of the forest area. Monastic Zone
is divided by main canal in two plots, for the Theravada and Mahayana
Monasteries. Forty two plots, 13 in east and 29 in west are there 12. On the
eastern side of the Zone, Theravadi monasteries are built by Myanmar,
Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and in the western side, Mahayani monasteries
are built by China, Korea, Japan, Nepal, Vietnam, France, Germany, Austria,
and others. The current state of allocation of monastery is 8 in east and 20 in
west and remaining plots are 5 in east and 9 in west13 . There will be research
center, library, auditorium, museum and cultural center for the study of
Buddhism. But most of the constructions are not in accordance with the
Master Plan. There is lack of co-ordination between Trust and Monastry.
Because of poor supervision, some monastery holders and some L.T.D.
persons are making undue monetary benefit.

New Lumbini Village

The northern part(1mile.) of the holy place is called New Lumbin

Village. According to Master Plan, there will be administrative office
building, post- office, telephone office, bank, police station, school,
restroom, staff quarters and other necessary offices14. It is a gateway for the
tourists to visit Lumbini.

According to Master Plan, after the development of the New

Lumbini Village, all kind of visitors will be enjoying and have comfortable
time there. But there is no remarkable visible development.

Lastly, we must accept the reality of the Master Plan. One can not
but criticize the slow and incorrect implementation of the Master Plan. We
must complete Master Plan of the Lumbini following its norms. Then only
we will be appreciated by the world. We must not forget ,Lumbini is not
only tourism product it is the birth place of the Lord Buddha the glorious
pride of Nepal and Fountain of World Peace.


1, Asokan Pillars inscription situated at the Lumbini - Sacred Garden

2,Theme paper of the First World Buddhist Summit, held on Nov 30 toDec2,1998
3, Towards completing the Lumbini Master Plan , Lumbini Development Trust,
2004(no page number)
4, Bhuwan Lal Pardhan, Lumbini- Kapilwastu-Dewadaha,CNAS T.U.,1979, pp 16-18
5, Dr. Young Hoon Kwaak, Report for the Vision and Scoping Mission,Lumbini The
Fountain of World Peace, 1999
6,Lumbini The birthplace of Buddha, United Nations, Newyork- 1983,(no page no)
7, Help to Develop Lumbini(all profiles), Lumbini Development Trust, 2003,(all page)
8,f.n.No1, Asokan Pillar.....
9, Archaelogical Research at Maya Devi Temple, Lumbini, Japan Buddhist Federation,

10, The Lumbini Master Plan(A compilation of twenty construction components),
Lumbini Development Trust, 2004, P. 2
11, Restoration of Mayadevi Temple at Lumbini,Nepal, Institute of Engineering
Consultancy Services,2003
12, s.n.10, The Lumbini Master Plan........
13, Brief Note of Lumbini, Lumbini Development Trust,
14, Introducing Lumbini The Fountain of World Peace, Lumbini Development
Trust,2004, pp, 11to13.

ko{6gdf n'lDagL If]q

kqsf/ Pj+
kl/ro (Introduction)
g]kfnsf] slknj:t'sf] uf}6Lxjf, lglUnxjf / ?kGb]xLsf] n'lDagL tLg
dfgja'4x? qms'R5Gb, sgsd'gL / l;4fy{uf}tdsf] hGd:ynx? x'g\ .
To;dWo] kl5Nnf uf}td a'4sf] ;Gb]zn] dfgjlxt, sNof0f / zflGt
ljZje/ km}nfpg ;kmn eof] . pgsf] bz{g clxn] klg TolQs}
;fGble{s 5 hlt klxn] lyof] . ljz]ifu/L l;4fy{ uf}tda'4sf] kljq
hGd:yn n'lDagL / pgL;+u ;DalGwt slkna:t', ?kGb]xL / gjnk/f;L
If]qsf ljleGg :ynx?n] O;fk"j{ ;ftf}+ ztfAbL b]lv ;g\ !#!@ ;Ddsf
k|frLg / dWosfnLg k'/ftflTjs kl/ro af]s]sf 5g\ . o; ;Gbe{df
uf}tda'4sf] hGd:yn n'lDagL If]q cfkm}+df cg';Gwfg / vf]hsf]
nflu cWoog s]Gb|, ljZje/sf af}4 wdf{nDaLx?sf] clt kljq
tLy{:ynsf ;fy} ;f+:s[lts ko{6gsf nflu klg dxTjk"0f{ 5 .

;g\ !*(^ l8;]Da/ ! df h= v8\u zdz]/ /f0ff / lj|l6«; Ol08ofsf

k'/ftTjljb\ 8f=Pnf]O;\ P06f]gL km'xf//n] g]kfnsf] n'lDagL
uf}tda'4sf] kljq hGd:yn xf] eGg] cflwsfl/stf lbnfP . To;kl5 ;g\ !
(&* df n'lDagL ljsf;sf] u'? of]hgfsf] lgdf{0f / sfo{fGjogdf
;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf] ;d]t ljz]if ;xof]u k|fKt e} n'lDagL
cGt//fli6«o rf;f] / dxTjsf] If]q aGof] .

ko{6sLo b[li6«sf]0fn] g]kfn laZjd} ;af{lws dxTj /fVg]

b]zx?dWo]df kb{5 . laz]ifu/L g]kfndf /x]sf ct'ngLo k|s[lts /
;f+:s[lts ;Dkbfx?n] ko{6sx?nfO{ ;w} cfs{lift kfg]{ u/]sf5g\ . t/
laut s]xL aif{ b]lv g]kfndf rNb} cfPsf] hgo'4sf sf/0f ko{6sLo
ultlalwdf gs/fTds k|efj k/] klg xfn}sf lbgx?df ePsf] /fhg}lts
kl/jt{g kl5 ko{6s cfudgdf pT;fxhgs a[l4 x'g yfln;s]sf] 5 . o;
;Gb{edf yk ko{6sLo cfsif{0fsf nflu gofF ;f]r larf/sf ;fy laleGg
gofF pkfox? ;dodf g} canDag ug{ To:tf ko{6sLo a:t'x?sf] Jofks
k|rf/ k|;f/ x'g' h?/L 5 . d'Vo?kdf g]kfndf /x]sf k|fs[lts tyf ;fF:s[lts
;Dkbfx?sf] klxrfg / vf]hL tyf ltgsf] plrt k|rf/ k|;f/ ePdf laZje/sf
ko{6sx?nfO{ g]kfn k|lt ;w} nfnflot u/fpg ;lsG5 . h;af6 g]kfnsf]
cfGtl/s / afx\o ko{6gnfO{ a[l4 u/fO{ To;af6 ;DalGwt ko{6g
Joa;foL / /fHon] ;d]t k|r'/ kmfObf p7fpg ;Sb5 . n'lDagLIf]q

g]kfnsf] cfGtl/s / afXo ko{6gsf] To:t} ko{6sLo a:t' xf] . t/
o;sfnflu g]kfnsf] k|rlnt k;Dk/fut k|rf/ k|;f/sf] z}nLnfO{ eg]
ko{6gsf] ;}4flGts cfwf/df kl/jt{g u/L cGt{/fli6«o jf pRr lalw jf
gofF ;f]r, larf/ / cawf/0ffsf] k|of]u x'g' lgtfGt cfaZjs e} ;s]sf]5

ko{6sLo b[li6sf]0fdf n'lDagL If]qsf] e|d0f xfnsf lbgx?df klg

Kofs]hdf tLg lbg b]lv kfFr lbg;Ddsf nflu ;lhn} to ug{ ;lsG5 .
x'gt g]kfn ;/sf/, n'lDagL lasf; sf]if / :yfgLo ;/sf/ tyf :yfgLo :t/sf
ko{6g Joa;foLx?n] o;sf]] plrt Joa:yfkgnfO{ Wofg lbPsf] kfOb}g
. t/ klg n'lDagL u'?of]hgfsf] sfo{s|dn] n'lDagLnfO{ s]Gb|dfgL
uf}tda'4 nufot cGo a'4x? / pgLx?;+u ;DalGwt If]qx?df
ko{6sLo ultlalw u/fpg ;lsg] cjwf/0ff eg] agfPsf] 5 . clxn]t
n'lDagL If]q ;f+:s[lts ko{6gsf nfludfq geP/ k|fs[lts ko{6gsf
gLnufO{, ;f/; nufotsf s'/fx?df klg w]/} dxTj af]Sg yfln;s]sf] 5 .
oxfF n'lDagL If]qsf] s]xL d'Vo ko{6sLo dxTj / ltgsf af/]df
;fdfGo rrf{ ul/b}5 .

:yfg (Location)
g]kfnsf] klZrd If]qsf] r'/Lof kj{tsf] km]bL xfnsf] ?kGb]xL lhNnf
ef/tLo ;Ldf ss/xjf;+u} n'lDagL cal:yt 5 . t/fO{ ePsfn] oxf udL{
x'G5 . oxf g]kfnsf] h'g;'s} efuaf6 klg hfg ;lsG5 . laz]if u/L
sf7df08f}+af6 a; / xafOhxfhaf6 n'lDagL k'Ug ;lsG5 . /fhwfgL
sf7df08f}af6 s/La #)) ls=ld= b'/Ldf /x]sf] n'lDagL k'Ug a;af6
em08} cf7 b]lv bz 306f / xafOhxfhaf6 n'lDagL glhssf] e}/xjf
ladfg :yn k'Ug $% ldg]6 hlt nfUb5 . e}/xjfaf6 sl/a @) lsnf]ld6/
df]6/ af6f] eP/ n'lDagL hfg ;lsG5 .

Oltxf; (History)
O{=k"= ^@# df l;4fy{ uf}tdsf] hGd n'lDagLdf ePsf] lyof] .
l;4fy{ uf}td slkna:t'sf /fhf z'4f]wg / /fgL dfofb]aLsf klxnf] ;Gtfg
x'g\ . dfofb]aLnfO{ cfkm\gf] dfOtL b]abx hfgnfUbf af6f]df
kg]{ n'lDagLdf k'Ubf k|;j a]bgf eof] . ;fn jf czf]s a[I / laleGg
/+uL r+uL km"nx?sf] 3gf h+unsf]] dfu{df a}zfv k"0fL{dfsf
lbg hGd]sf /fhs'df/ l;4fy{n] #% aif{sf] pd]/df a'4Tj k|fKt u/]kl5

zflGtsf b"t Pjd\ eujfg uf}td a'4sf gfdn] ljZje/ km}lnP / uf}td
a'4sf] hGd:ynsf sf/0f n'lDagLsf] dxTj a9\g uof] . af}4
wdf{anDaLx?sf nflu rf/ dWo] Ps clt dxTjk"0f{ klaq tLy{ :ynsf ?
kdf o;sf] u0fgf ePsf] 5 . oxf a'4 hGdbfsf kf]v/L / a'4 hGd
:df/ssf] ;+/If0f eof] . laleGg r}To / laxf/x? ag] . df}o{ ;d|f6
czf]s cfkm\gf u'? pku'Kt;+u O{=k"= @$( df n'lDagL cfP /
uf}tda'4sf] hGd:yndf lxba'w]hft] ;Sod'gLlt egL pNn]v ePsf]
czf]s:tDe :yfkgf u/] .

;g\ $)# df k|Voft lrgLof ofqL kmf—lxofg n'lDagL k'u]sf] s'/f

pgsf] ofqf a[tfGtdf pNn]v 5 . To; ;dodf pgn] TofFxf a'4 hGdbf
dfofb]aLn] ;dft]sf] a[If, a'4nfO{ :gfg u/fOPsf] klaq kf]v/L
nufotsf laifodf pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . To:t} ;g\ ^#^ df csf{ lrgLof
ofqL x'og ;fªn]] klg t]nf/ gbL, n'lDagL, czf]s:tDe nufotsf af/]df
pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . ;g\ !#!@ df klZrd g]kfnsf /fhf l/k" dNn TofxfF
k'u]sf] s'/f pgn] czf]s :tDesf] dflyNnf] efudf lnvf]6 agfO
lbPsf]af6 k|i6 x'G5 . To;kl5 k|frLg wfld{s, ;fF:s[lts / k|fs[lts
;Dkbfn] ;DkGg n'lDagL pGgfO;f} ztfJbLsf] cGTo lt/;Dd x/fO g}
/Xof] .

;g\ !*(^ df lal6«z Ol08ofsf sfo{/t k'/ftTjlab\ 8f=cnf]O;\

km'x//n] tTsfnLg kfNkfsf a8fxflsd v8\u zdz]/sf] ;xof]udf k8]l/of
ufpFl:yt n'lDagL h+unsf] leq v8f/x]sf] pSt 9'Ëf czf]s :tDe xf]
egL k|dfl0ft u/] kl5 uf}td a'4sf] klaq hGd:yn n'lDagL g]kfnsf] ?
kGb]xL lhNnfdf kb{5 eGg] s'/f laZjJofkL km}lnof] . To;kl5
n'lDagL laZj ;Dkbfs} Ps lx:;fsf] ?kdf dxTjk"0f{ tLy{:ynsf] ?kdf
laZjkl/lrt x'g yfNof] .

;g\ !(^& df ;+o'St /fi6« dxf;+3sf tTsfnLg dxf;lra p yfGt\

n'lDaglsf] e|d0fdf cfP / g]kfnsf tTsfnLg /fhf dx]Gb|;+u ePsf]
;xdlt / ;xof]usf] aftfj/0fn] n'lDagLn] gofF hLjgk|fKt u¥of] .
h;fg';f/ ;g\ !(&) df n'lDagLsf nflu cGt/f{i6«o ;xof]u ;ldlt aGof] .
hfkfgsf af:t'lab\ :j=k|f]= s]Ghf] 6fFu]n] tof/ kf/]sf] xfnsf]
:j?ksf] n'lDagLsf] u'?of]hgf ;g\ !(&* df :jLs[t e} sfo{Gjog x'g
yfNof] h'g clxn];Dd klg k"0f{ x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . n'lDagL ;g\ !
((& b]lv laZj ;Dkbf ;"rLdf k/]sf] 5 .

u'?of]hgf (Master Plan)

n'lDagL lasf;sf] u'?of]hgf -Master Plan_ cg';f/ o;nfO{ tLg If]qdf
laefhg ul/Psf] 5 . u'?of]hgf tLg au{dfOn jf !!%% ljufx-
&&)x]S6/_ e"efudf km}lnPsf] 5 .

-s_ klaq pBfg If]q (Sacred Garden Zone)

uf}td a'4sf] hGd:yn If]qnfO{ klaq pBfg If]q elgPsf] 5 .
u'?of]hgfsf] blIf0f efudf /x]sf] o; If]q ()) ld6/ Jof; cfsf/df
km}lnPsf] 5 . u'?of]hgfsf] Project Component cg';f/ @=* ls=ld=
sf] Circular Levee leqsf] kf]v/L kl5sf] If]q k'/ftlTjs :yn x'g\ . o; If]q
leq a'4sf] hGd:df/s lznf (Marker Stone), dfofb]jL dlGb/ klaq s'08,
czf]s :tDe / n'lDagL ufpF /x]sf] 5 . Toxf pTvgg x'g afFsL y'k|]}
7fpFx? 5g\ . klaq pBfg If]qsf d'Vo d'Vo ko{6sLo dxTj ;d]tsf
wfld{s :ynx? lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ —

dfofb]aL dlGb/ (Maya Devi Temple)

dfofFb]aLsf] d"lt{ (Nativity Sculpture) nfO{ dfofb]aL dlGb/ leq

/flvPsf] 5 . dfofb]aLsf] d"lt{sf sf/0f To;nfO{ dfofFb]aL dlGb/
elgPsf] xf] . k'/ftTjlab\ kL=;L= d'vhL{n] ;g\ !*(( df u/]sf]
pTvgg\af6 xfnsf] dfofb]aLsf] d"lt{ k|dfl0ft ul/Psf] xf] . o; clw
To; d"lt{nfO{ agb]aL,?kfb]aL, ?kGb]aL nufotsf laleGg gfdn]
k"hfug]{ rng lyof] eg] uf}tda'4 hGd k|s[ofsf af/]df lrqf+lst
ul/Psf] k|dfl0ft ul/Pkl5 ToxfF k|rlnt anL k|yfnfO{ /f]lsPsf] lyof] .
dfofb]aLsf] d"lt{ rf}yf] ;tfJbL lt/ lgdf0f{ ul/Psf] dflgG5 . h;df
uf}tda'4nfO{ hGd lbbf dfofb]aLn] ?vsf] xfFuf ;dft]sf], ;fydf
uf}tda'4sL ;fgLcfdf uf}tdL k|hfkltn] k|;jsfndf lbbLnfO{ ;xof]u
ub}{ u/]sf] / l;4fy{ uf}td hGdgf;fy lx8\g yfn]sf] lrqf+lst ul/Psf]
5 . dfofb]aL d"lt{sf] xfnsf] hL0f{ ca:yf x'g'df tLg sf/0fx? x'g
;Sb5g\— !, d';ndfgx?sf] cfs|d0fsf] a]nf tfl;lbPsf], @, dWosfndf
w]/} k6s 7"nf 7"nf e'sDkx? uPsfn] To:tf] ePsf] klg x'g ;S5, #,
sof}+ ;o aif{ laTbf sfns|ddf To:tf] ePsf] klg x'g ;S5

hg/n v8\u zdDz]/ / To;kl5 s]z/ zDz]/n] ;+/If0f / pTvgg\sf] sfo{x?

u/] . k6s k6s ul/Psf To:tf sfo{x? a}1flgs Pj+ k'/ftTjsf] lalw cg';f/

gePsfn] sltko s'/fx? ;xL klxrfg / ;+/If0f x'g g;s]sf] klg b]lvG5 .
s]xL aif{ cufl8sf] dfofb]aL d+lGb/sf] :j?k jf cfsf/ s]z/ zDz]/n] ;g\
!(#@ b]lv !(#( sf] ;dodf lgdf0f{ u/fPsf x'g\ . dlGb/ slt k'/fgf] xf]
eGg] k|dfl0ft geP klg s]z/ zdz]/n] k'/fg} hu dfly O{6f yk]sf]n] /
Toxf t];|f] b]lv ;ftf}+ ;tfJbL;Ddsf] O{6f e]l6Psfn] dlGb/ klg
k'/fg} dfGg'kb{5 . k|frLg eUgfjz]ifx? ;+/If0fsf]nflu agfOPsf]
xfnsf] dlGb/ @%$& cf}+ a'4hoGtL Pjd\ n'lDagL lbj; @)^)
a}zfv k"l0f{dfsf lbg lgdf0f{ k"/f e} ;j{;fwf/0fsf nflu v'nf ul/Psf]
xf] . of] dlGb/ g]kfn ;/sf/sf]dfq sl/j ;ft s/f]8 nufgLdf ag]sf] xf]
eg] To;sf] l8hfOg klg g]kfnL af:t'lab\x?af6} ePsf] xf] . o;sf]
nDafO{ @&=!) dL= / @# dL= rf}8fO{df km}lnPsf] 5 . of]
dlGb/ :t'k lagf (=!) dL= cUnf] 5 eg] :t'k ;lxt !# dL= cUnf] 5 .

hGd:df/s lznf (Marker Stone)

uf}td a'4n] klxnf] kfOnf sxfF 6]s] eGg] laifodf laleGg dtdtfGt/
b]vfP klg xfn dfofFb]aL dlGb/ leq hd{gaf6 lemsfOPsf] a'n]6
k|'km lzzfn] ;'/lIft /flvPsf] &)×$)×!) ;L=Pd\= sf] k|rLg
9'ËfnfO{ dflgPsf] 5 . ;g\ !((@ b]lv !((^ ;Dd ePsf dfofb]aL
dlGb/sf] pTvgg\ sfo{sf] s|ddf klxrfg ul/Psf] pSt hGd:df/s lznf
/x]sf] :yfgdf g} a'4 hGd]sf] :jb]zL tyf lab]zL k'/ftTj lab\x?sf]
;xdlt ePkl5 g]kfn ;/sf/n] To;sf]] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] xf] .

k'is/0fL jf klaq kf]v/L (Sacred Pond)

klaq kf]v/Ldf dfofb]aLn] uf}tda'4nfO{ hGd lbg' cl3 cfkm"n]

:gfg u/]sf] / l;bfy{ uf}td hGd] kl5 klxnf] :gfg u/fOPsf] lyof]
eGg] pNn]v 5 . of] dfofFb]aL dlGb/ / czf]s:tDesf] blIf0f tkm{
/x]sf] 5 . h;sf] kfgL Hofb} klaq hnsf] ?kdf dflgPsf] 5 . la=;+=
@)^) ;fndf hfkfgaf6 /]o'sfOsf cGt/f{li6«o cWoIf n'lDagL e|
d0fdf cfpbf pgLx?n] @# aif{ b]lv lg;Gtfg /x]sf Ps hfkflgh
bDklQn] k':sl/gLsf] hn ;]jg u/]kl5 ;Gtfgsf] d'v b]Vg kfPsf] / ;f]
s'/f hfkfgsf kqklqsfx?df rrf{sf] laifo ePsfn] pgLx?n] klg Tofxfsf]
hnnfg dfu]sf lyP .

czf]s:tDe (Asokan Pillar)

O{=k"= @$( df cfkm\gf] /fHofleif]ssf] @) cf}+ aif{df czf]s
n'lDagL cfPsf lyP . pgn] n'lDagL / slkna:t'df tLg lznf:tDex? klg
/fv]sf lyP . n'lDagLsf] czf]]s:tDe klg pgn] g} :yfkgf u/]sf x'g\ .
pgL cfkm\gf] hLjgsf] kl5Nnf] ;dodf a'4sf cg'ofoL ePsfn] a'4wd{
km}nfpg] sfd klg u/]sf lyP . t/ sfnv08df pSt :tDe klg df6f]n]
5f]lkPsf] ca:yfdf lyof] . h;nfO{ k8]l/ofdf cfOk'u]sf km'x//n] lrg]
. pg}n] :tDesf] a||DXL lnlkdf n]lvPsf] kfnL efiffnfO{ cg'jfb u/L
k|rf/ k|;f/df NofP kl5 g} n'lDagLsf] Plsg ePsf] xf] . g]kfndf
n'lDagL ePsf] dfGg grfxg]x?nfO{ n'lDagLdf ePsf] pTvgg\n]
czf]s:tDesf] k|frLg hu km]nfkf/L ToxL k|lt:yflkt u/]kl5 bfaLsf
s'g} cf}lrTo ePg . czf]s:tDedf o;f] n]lvPsf] 5— b]jtfx?sf lk|o lk|
obzL{ -czf]s_ /fhf /fHoleif]ssf] @) jL jif{df cfkm} cfP . oxfF a'4
zfSod'lgsf] hGd ePsf]n] 9'Fufsf] Pp6f k|frL/ agfpg nufP / Pp6f
lznf:tDe :yfkgf agfP . oxfF eujfgsf] hGd ePsf]n] n'+ldlg u|fd
anL d'Qm ul/of] / ci6efuLo klg .

;g\ !*(# df d]h/ h;s0f{l;+xn] czf]s:tDe lrg] kl5 ;g\ !*(^ df

kfNkfsf a8fxflsd v8\u zDz]/sf] ;xof]udf 8f= Pnf]O; P06f]g
km"x//n] To;nfO{ k|dfl0ft u/] . To;kl5 ;tflJbof} b]lv x/fO/x]sf]
n'lDagLsf]] klxrfg eof] / ljZj;fd" of] kl/lrt x'gkfof] . pTvgg\ kl5
czf]s:tDenfO{ oyf:yfgdf g} ;'/lIft /flvPsf] 5 eg] lrlgof ofqL
x'ofg;fËn] ;ftf}+ ;tfJbLdf g} pNn]v u/] cg';f/ s'g} ;dodf
r6\ofËaf6 s]xL efu rls{g uPsf]n] xfn T;nfO{ :6Ln k]6Ln] awL
/flvPsf] 5 .

klaq pBfg If]qdf xfn pTvgg\ e} ;s]sf k|df0fx?sf] cfwf/df ToxfF

df}o{, z'u+, s'zfg / u'Ktsfnsf] lgdf0f{a:t'x? e]l6Psf 5g\ .
dfofb]aL d+lGb/ kl/;/df laleGg sfndf lgdf0f{ ePsf r}To, laxf/,
Ogf/ nufotsf eUgfaZf]ifx? klg b]Vg ;lsG5 . of] If]qdf k'/fgf] ufpF
klg /x]sf]n] dfofb]aL d+lGb/sf] blIf0f / k"a{ klZrddf klg pTvgg\
ug{ ;s] c? yk gofF s'/fx? klg kfpg ;lsG5 .

n'lDagLsf] klxrfgsf] a]nf b]lv xfn;Dd hfkg, ef/t, g]kfn nufotsf

b]zx?sf laleGg ;+3 ;:yfx? / k'/ftTjljb\x?n] a]nfa]nfdf pTvgg\
ul//x]sf 5g\ . g]kfnLsf] uf}/j dflgg] n'lDagLdf Joal:yt / lg:jfy{
pTvgg\ sfo{ ce}m ug{ afFsL 5 .

-v_ laxf/ If]q (Monastic Zone)

klaq pBfg If]qsf] pQ/ tkm{ Ps lsnf]ld6/ If]qdf km}lnPsf] laxf/

If]q n'lDagLdf cGt/fli6«o ;Dks{ / ;dGjosf] cfwf/ xf] . o; If]qnfO{
k"a{ / klZrd u/L b'O{ If]qdf laefhg ul/Psf] 5 . k"j{ efudf y]/afb
laxf/ lgdf0f{sf] nflu !# j6f rSnfx? 5'6\ofOPsf] 5 . h;dWo] cf7
rSnfx? laleGg b]zx?nfO{ lat/0f e};s]sf] 5 . klZrd efudf dxfofg
af}4 laxf/ lgdf0f{sf] nflu @( j6f rSnfx?sf] Joa:yf ul/Psf] 5 . tL
dWo] @) rSnfx? lat/0f e} ;s]sf 5g\ . o:tf rSnfx? af}4 wd{
canDag ug]{ b]z / ;+3 ;+:yfx?sf] ;s[otfdf laxf/ jf u'Dafx?
lgdf0f{ ePsf 5g\ eg] s]xL lgdf{0fsf] s|ddf 5g\ . rLg, Dofgdf/,
>Ln+sf, yfONof08, e'6fg / d+uf]lnofn] ;/sf/L :t/af6} laxf/
lgdf0f{sf] nflu ;Demf}tf u/]sf 5g\ . oxf k"j{tkm{ g]kfn ljk:;gf
s]Gb| / klZrd tkm{ Dofgdf/sf] kl08tf/fdfsf] Wofg s]Gb| klg
;+rfng x'b} cfPsf 5g\ .

o; If]qsf] pQ/L efudf ;f+:s[lts s]Gb|sf] :yfg tf]lsPsf] 5 . xfn

ToxFf ;+u|xfno, n'lDagL cGt/f{li6«o cg';Gwfg s]Gb|, la4fgx?sf]
nflu cfaZos u[x, k':tsfno / cl86f]l/Pd nufotsf :yfgx? lgwf{/0f
ul/Psf] 5 .

sltko u'Dafx? n'lDagL lasf;sf] u'?of]hgfn] lgb]{zg u/] cg';f/

ag]sf 5}gg\ eg] leIf"x?sf] k|of]hgfy{dfq lgdf0f{ x'g'kg]{
cfjf;u[x xf]6]n em} lgdf0f{ e} Joa;foL ?kdf ;+rfng e} /x]sf 5g\
. a'4sf] af:tlas lzIff cWoog tyf k|rf/ / pgsf] cg'ofoLx?sf] laz]if
:ynsf] ?kdf Joa:yf ul/Psf] laxf/ If]qnfO{ lgoGq0f / Joal:yt ug{
g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;ls/x]sf] b]lvb}g .

-u_ gofF n'lDagL ufpF (New Lumbini Village)

n'lDagL u'?of]hgfsf] pQ/ tkm{sf] clGtd Ps dfOn If]qnfO{ gofF

n'lDagL ufpF elgG5 . n'lDagL If]qsf] Joa:yfkg nufot Toxf k'u]sf

ko{6s jf tLy{ofqLx?sf] ;Dk"0f ;'lawf / To;sf] ;+rfngsf] ;Dk"0f{
sfo{x? o; If]qaf6 ul/g] p2]Zo u'?of]hgfdf pNn]v 5 . o;df
u'?of]hgfn] lglb{i6 u/] cg';f/ tLy{ofqL cfjf; u[x, xfO{:s"n, k|
zf;lgs s]Gb|, b"/ ;+rf/, ljB't s]Gb|, a}+s, x'nfs, k;n, /]i6'/]G6,
kfls{Ë, k|x/L rf}sL nufotsf cfaZos laifox? ;dfa]z ul/Psf] eP klg
To;/L Joal:yt ul/Psf] eg] 5}g . rfn" xfntsf] Ps cGt/fli6«o xf]6]n,
laB'tsf] / b"/;+rf/sf] sfof{no, n'lDagL lasf; sf]ifsf sd{rf/Lx?sf]
cfjf;u[x /x]sf5g\ . o;} If]qdf u'?of]hgfdf ;dfj]z gePsf]
zflGt:t'kf hfkfgsf] g]kf]hg dfof]hL (Nipponzan Myohoji) n]
lgdf0f{ u/]sf] 5 . To:t} u'?of]hgfdf gePsf] zflGt bLk
laxf/If]qsf] blIf0f ;Ldfdf aflnPsf] 5 . s]xL If]q ;f/; ;+/If0fsf]
nflu Joa:yfkg ul/Psf] 5 .

uf}tda4sf] hGd:yn n'lDagL Ps klaq / rlr{t tLy{:yn

lgdf0f{df u'?of]hgfn] Hofb} dxTj /fVb5 . u'?of]hgfsf sf/0f
Toxf lgdf0f{ ul/Psf] k|fs[lts aftfj/0fsf sf/0f kof{—ko{6gsf
nflu klg cfsif{s s]Gb| aGg k'u]sf] 5 . Toxfsf] ag / ;Ld;f/
If]qdf b'n{j dflgPsf] ;f/; nufot @%) k|hfltsf r/fx? b]Vg ;lsG5
. s]xL h+unL hgfj/x?sf] cltl/St gLn ufO{ jf :yfgLo egfOdf
3f]8ubf klg b]Vg ;lsG5 . of] hgfj/ g]kfnsf] cGo If]qdf
kfOb}g . s]xL aif{ cufl8 ToxLaf6 alb{ofdf :yfgfGt/ klg
ul/Psf] lyof] .

slkna:t' (Kapilavastu)

slkna:t' uf}tda'4;+u hf]l8Psf] gfd xf] . To; If]qdf a'4sf lktf

;'4f]wgsf] /fhwfgL ltnf}/fsf]6 b]lv lnP/ uf}td a'4;+u
;DalGwt laleGg :yfgx? /x]sf 5g\ eg] cGo k|rLg b'O{ a'4
ss'5Gb / sgsd'gL a'4 ;d]tsf] k|frLg Oltxf; /x]sf] 5 .
n'lDagLaf6 sl/a @& lsnf]ld6/ pQ/ klZrddf /x]sf] slkna:t' slkn
dxlif{sf] tkf]e"ld klg xf] . ;fdfGotof of] lhNnf v'nf k'/ftlTjs ;+u|
xfno klg xf] . k|frLg gbL jf0fu+uf b]lv k"j{, sf]7L b]lv klZrd,
ef/tLo ;Ldf b]lv pQ/ dx]Gb|/fhdfu{b]lv blIf0fsf] rf}lsNnf
leqdfq !#* eGbf a9L :yfg a'4;+u ;DjlGwt P]ltxfl;s :ynx? /x]sf
5g\ . d'Vo?kdf wfld{s, Pltxfl;s Pj{ ko{6sLo b[li6sf]0fdf k|frLg
ltnf}/fsf]6, s'bfg, ;u/xjf, c8f}/fsf]6, lglUnxjf, l;;xlgofsf]6, z/s"k
nufot slkna:t' ;+u|xfno, tfn cflb dxTjsf :ynx? x'g\ .


g]kfn / ef/tdf u/L uf}tda'4sf] c:t'wft' ;lxtsf] cf7 j6f :t'kx?

lgdf0f{ ePsf] s'/f laleGg wfld{s u|Gyx/df pNn]v ePsf] kfOG5 .
To;dWo xfnsf]] gjnk/f;L lhNnfdf /x]sf] a'4sf] dfjfnL ufpF, sf]lno
/fHosf] /fdu|fddf a'4sf] lgaf{0f kl5 of] :t'k ag]sf] xf] . df}o{ ;d|
f6 czf]sn] cGo ;ft :t'kx?af6 c:t' wft' lems] . t/ /fdu|fd l:yt :t'k
:yfgLo afl;Gbfsf] cg'/f]wdf vf]lnPg . a'4sf] af:tlas c:t'wft' /x]sf] /
pTvgg\ gul/Psf] Psdfq df}lns :t'k oxL g} xf] . g]kfnsf] k'/ftTj
laefun] s]xL aif{ cufl8 ;f] :t'ksf] ;+/If0f sfo{ u/]sf] lyof] .


n'lDagLsf] sl/j #% lsnf]ld6/ pQ/ k"j{ tkm{ /x]sf] b]jbx

sf7df08f}af6 @$% ls=ld= 6f9fF kb{5 . uf}tda'4sf] dfjnL /
;;'/fnL vns sf]nLo hfltsf] /fHo b]jbx g]kfnsf] gjnk/f;L lhNnfdf
/x]sf] 5 . zfSox?sf] slkna:t' /fHo / sf]nLox?sf] b]jbx /fHosf] jLrdf
/f]lx0fL gbL ax]sf] 5 . b]jbxsf] pTvgg\ sfo{ pko'St ?kdf xfn;Dd
gePsf]n] o; If]qsf] cflwsfl/s 1fg xfl;n ug{ / b]jbxsf af/]df Plsg
ug{ ;lsPsf] 5}g . t/ b]jbx If]q ToxL xf] eGg] laleGg cflwsfl/s k|
df0fx? ePsfn] To;df eg]] s'g} laafb 5}g .

uf}tda'4sf] hGd, /fHo, dfjfnL, ;;'/fnL / pgn] a'4Tj k|fKt ul/;s]kl5

/ lgjf{0f kl5 laz]if sf/0f ag]sf :yfgx? k|frLg Oltxf;, k'/ftTj /
wfld{s b[li6sf]0fn] cGt/f{li6«o rf;f] / ;+/lIft If]q e} ko{6sLo
dxTjdf klg lglb{i6 ugtJo:yn aGg k'u]sf] xf] . tL 7fpFx?df laljw
ef}}uf]lns ca:yf, hfthflt / xfjfkfgL ePsfn] cfw'lgs ko{6g k|
j4{gsf nflu klg Tolts} dxTj /fVb5g\ . d'Vo?kdf s]xL lbgsf] ;d"xut
wfld{s jf ;f+:s[lts ko{6gsf] nflu oL If]qx?sf] Joa:yfkg x'g' cfjZjs
e} ;]s]sf] 5 . h;af6 n'lDagL If]q cfGtl/s / afXo ko{6gsf] ;bfaxf/
ugtJo aGg] 5 .