Sunteți pe pagina 1din 0
W P C A
W
P
C
A

Worldwide Pollution

Control Association

WPCA-Duke Energy

FF/HAPS Seminar

October 12-13, 2011

All presentations posted on this website are copyrighted by the Worldwide Pollution Control Association (WPCA). Any unauthorized downloading, attempts to modify or to incorporate into other presentations, link to other websites, or to obtain copies for any other purposes than the training of attendees to WPCA Conferences is expressly prohibited, unless approved in writing by the WPCA or the original presenter. The WPCA does not assume any liability for the accuracy or contents of any materials contained in this library which were presented and/or created by persons who were not employees of the WPCA.

which were presented and/or created by persons who were not employees of the WPCA. Visit our

Visit our website at www.wpca.info

WPCA-Duke Energy Pulse-Jet

Fabric Filter Training

Robert Brinkley Babcock & Wilcox Tim Stark GE-Fabric Filter © 2005 by General Electric Company.
Robert Brinkley
Babcock & Wilcox
Tim Stark
GE-Fabric Filter
© 2005 by General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved.

Typical SDA System Schematic

Reheat Section Economizer Stack Silo Baghouse SDA/Slurry Tower Steam Ash/Reagent Generator Silo Baghouse
Reheat
Section
Economizer
Stack
Silo
Baghouse
SDA/Slurry
Tower
Steam
Ash/Reagent
Generator
Silo
Baghouse
Hoppers
Induced
Air Heater
Draft Fan

Hot Gas Market APC Trends

Historically, 95% of applications utilized Reverse Air collector designs:

Woven Fiberglass bags

Woven Fiberglass with PTFE

2:1 air-to-cloth ratio

11.5" x 30' filters (29cm x 9m)

4 8 year filter life

Large footprint housing

11.5" x 30' filters (29cm x 9m) • 4 – 8 year filter life • Large

Hot Gas Market APC Trends

In the past 10 years, the trend is moving to Pulse Jet

collectors (approximately 80% of applications):

Felt used for under 375°F (190°C)

2.5-3.5:1 Air-to-Cloth ratio

3 6 year filter life

Smaller housing footprint

3 – 6 year filter life • Smaller housing footprint Municipal Solid Waste Incineration GE Proprietary

Municipal Solid Waste Incineration

GE Proprietary

16 MW 65,000 ACFM

Waste Incineration GE Proprietary 16 MW – 65,000 ACFM Coal-fired Industrial Boiler 110,000 ACFM Utility Boiler

Coal-fired Industrial Boiler 110,000 ACFM

GE Proprietary 16 MW – 65,000 ACFM Coal-fired Industrial Boiler 110,000 ACFM Utility Boiler 500,000+ ACFM

Utility Boiler

500,000+ ACFM

44

Pulse-Jet Baghouse

Pulse-Jet Baghouse Proprietary and Confidential .5

Proprietary and Confidential

.5

Three Types of Cleaning Systems

High Pressure/Low Volume

8-7bar (80-100psi)

Medium Pressure/High Volume

2-3bar (30-45psi)

Low Pressure/High Volume

1bar (15psi)

Medium Pressure/High Volume

2.5" to 3" pulse valves

Typically round filters with cages

Do not use traditional venturis

Filters: 125-159mm x 3000-6000mm

5"-6.25" x 10'-20‘

Requires an air compressor

Pulse Jet Baghouse

Pulse Jet Baghouse Proprietary and Confidential Clean Gas Outlet Dirty Gas Inlet

Proprietary and Confidential

Clean

Gas Outlet

Dirty

Gas Inlet

Pulse Jet Baghouse Proprietary and Confidential Clean Gas Outlet Dirty Gas Inlet

Pulse-Jet Designs

Hatch Design

Bags & Cages
Bags & Cages
Plenum Design Bags & Cages
Plenum Design
Bags & Cages

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2011 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.9

Pulse Jet Fabric Filter

Clean Gas Outlet
Clean
Gas Outlet

Flue

Gas Inlet

Pulse Jet Fabric Filter Clean Gas Outlet Flue Gas Inlet Proprietary and Confidential 8 and 10

Proprietary and Confidential

Pulse Jet Fabric Filter Clean Gas Outlet Flue Gas Inlet Proprietary and Confidential 8 and 10
Pulse Jet Fabric Filter Clean Gas Outlet Flue Gas Inlet Proprietary and Confidential 8 and 10

8 and 10 m bags

Pulse Jet Fabric Filter Clean Gas Outlet Flue Gas Inlet Proprietary and Confidential 8 and 10

Pulse Air System

“J” Pipes Tubesheet
“J” Pipes
Tubesheet

Bag/Cage

Blow Pipes

Proprietary and Confidential

Pulse Jet Baghouse

Pulse Header Pulse Valves Solenoid Boxes
Pulse Header
Pulse Valves
Solenoid Boxes

Proprietary and Confidential

.12

Medium Pressure Cleaning System

Medium Pressure Cleaning System GE Proprietary 1313

GE Proprietary

1313

Cleaning Systems

Cleaning Systems GE Proprietary 1414

GE Proprietary

1414

Cleaning Systems

Cleaning Systems GE Proprietary 1515

GE Proprietary

1515

Medium Pressure / High Volume Pulsing

Standard pulsing system

14" nominal diameter compressed air header

3" diameter pulse valve & blowpipe

Blowpipes typically include nozzle extensions at each blow

hole

3" diameter pulse valve @ 30 psi consumes 140 scfm max. pulse interval: 6 seconds duration: 230ms

volume: 14.03 scfm/pulse

Horsepower required to compress air to 30 psi:

15.26 Hp = 11.38 Kwh

Formula:

HP = 0.2267Q [[PSI/14.7+1] 0.283 1] + 30% safety factor

GE Proprietary

1616

Cleaning Systems

Cleaning Systems GE Proprietary 1717

GE Proprietary

1717

ACFM

Actual Cubic Feet of gas per Minute

The volume of the gas flowing per unit of time at

the operating temperature, pressure and

composition.

(also measured in cubic meters per hour)

GE Proprietary

1818

Air-to-Cloth calculations

Air-to-cloth ratio = acfm÷total filter area

(Filter dia. X length x 3.14)= filter area

Total # filters x filter area = total filter area

GE Proprietary

1919

Air-to-Cloth ratio (filter rate)

Type of Filter

Cleaning System

Shaker

Reverse Air

Pulse-Jet:

A. Cylindrical Filter Bags:

-For elevated temp

Maximum Recommended

Air-to-Cloth Ratio

Imperial 3.0

Metric 0.91

2.5

0.76

2.5-4

.76-1.22

B. Pleated Filters (Non-Paper Media)

3.5

1.07

C. Pleated Filters (Paper Media)

2.0

0.67

GE Proprietary

2020

Can velocity In a pulse jet dust collector with the filter elements suspended from the
Can velocity
In a pulse jet dust collector with
the filter elements suspended
from the tubesheet and a
hopper level inlet, Can Velocity is
the upward air stream speed
passing between the filters
calculated at the horizontal
cross-sectional plane of the
collector housing at the bottom
of the filters.
GE Proprietary
2121

Can velocity

GE Proprietary

6:1 AC Ratio

6' bags
6' bags
Can velocity GE Proprietary 6:1 AC Ratio 6' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC

6:1 AC Ratio

8' bags
8' bags
GE Proprietary 6:1 AC Ratio 6' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'
GE Proprietary 6:1 AC Ratio 6' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'

6:1 AC Ratio

10' bags
10' bags
GE Proprietary 6:1 AC Ratio 6' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'

6:1 AC Ratio

12' bags
12' bags
GE Proprietary 6:1 AC Ratio 6' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'

2222

Can velocity

Industry Standard with hopper inlet:

<300 fpm

Point of measuring can velocity (bag bottom)

<300 fpm Point of measuring can velocity (bag bottom) 6:1 AC Ratio 6' bags GE Proprietary
6:1 AC Ratio 6' bags
6:1 AC Ratio
6' bags

GE Proprietary

L W
L
W

6:1 AC Ratio

8' bags
8' bags
Ratio 6' bags GE Proprietary L W 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'
Ratio 6' bags GE Proprietary L W 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'

6:1 AC Ratio

10' bags
10' bags
Ratio 6' bags GE Proprietary L W 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'

6:1 AC Ratio

12' bags
12' bags
Ratio 6' bags GE Proprietary L W 6:1 AC Ratio 8' bags 6:1 AC Ratio 10'

2323

GE Proprietary 2424

GE Proprietary

2424

Diaphragm valve

Diaphragm valve GE Proprietary 2525

GE Proprietary

2525

Manifold

Manifold GE Proprietary 2626

GE Proprietary

2626

Solenoid valve with bleeder tube or integral to valve

Solenoid valve with bleeder tube or integral to valve GE Proprietary 2727

GE Proprietary

2727

Blowpipe

Blowpipe GE Proprietary 2828

GE Proprietary

2828

Tubesheet (cell plate)

Tubesheet (cell plate) GE Proprietary 2929

GE Proprietary

2929

Bags

Bags GE Proprietary 3030

GE Proprietary

3030

Cages

Cages GE Proprietary 3131

GE Proprietary

3131

GE Proprietary 3232

GE Proprietary

3232

GE Proprietary 3333

GE Proprietary

3333

GE Proprietary 3434

GE Proprietary

3434

GE Proprietary 3535

GE Proprietary

3535

Valve / solenoid operation

Valve / solenoid operation GE Proprietary 3636

GE Proprietary

Valve / solenoid operation GE Proprietary 3636

3636

Pulse Air Headers

Pulse Air Headers Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.37

Pulse Jet Valves

Pulse Jet Valves Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.38

Inside a Compartment

Inside a Compartment Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All
Inside a Compartment Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All
Inside a Compartment Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.39

Compartment Outlet Dampers

Compartment Outlet Dampers Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.40

Bypass Dampers

Bypass Dampers Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.41

GE Proprietary 4242

GE Proprietary

4242

GE Proprietary 4343

GE Proprietary

4343

Valve

Energy

.05 .15
.05
.15

Time (standard for 1.5” DD valve, .250 sec target for 3” valve)

GE Proprietary

4444

Clean-on-Demand system

Clean-on-Demand system High-Low set points at no greater than 1" apart… Ideal is no more than

High-Low set points at no greater than 1" apart… Ideal is no more than 0.5"

GE Proprietary

system High-Low set points at no greater than 1" apart… Ideal is no more than 0.5"

4545

3 1/2 - 4
3 1/2 - 4

GE Proprietary

4646

Gauge Connection Modification

GE Proprietary

Clean Air Plenum

Gauge Connection Modification GE Proprietary Clean Air Plenum Weld Gauge Copper or Plastic Tubing Pipe Cap
Gauge Connection Modification GE Proprietary Clean Air Plenum Weld Gauge Copper or Plastic Tubing Pipe Cap

Weld

Gauge

Copper or Plastic Tubing

Clean Air Plenum Weld Gauge Copper or Plastic Tubing Pipe Cap Reducer 12" Pipe Nipple (or
Clean Air Plenum Weld Gauge Copper or Plastic Tubing Pipe Cap Reducer 12" Pipe Nipple (or

Pipe Cap Reducer

12" Pipe Nipple (or shorter)

2 1/2" diameter

Dusty Air Plenum or Hopper Wall

4747

1 4 7 10 2 5 8 3 6 9
1
4
7
10
2
5
8
3
6
9

Cleaning sequence

GE Proprietary

4848

Multi-Compartment Cleaning

Multi-Compartment Cleaning GE Proprietary 4949

GE Proprietary

4949

Common Inlet Design  Inlet baffle directs airflow down into hopper.  Collected material can
Common Inlet Design
 Inlet baffle directs airflow
down into hopper.
 Collected material can swirl
upward, causing heavier than
design grain-loading.
 Narrow hoppers and nearby
bag bottoms may experience
abrasion damage.

GE Proprietary

5050

Photo of Bags as Viewed from the Hopper

1352 Bags Per Compartment

Proprietary and Confidential

Photo of Bags as Viewed from the Hopper 1352 Bags Per Compartment Proprietary and Confidential

Abrasion failure: Bottom of filter bags located directly in line with

inlet gas stream

Excessive movement of filters causing bag-to-bag abrasion

directly in line with inlet gas stream Excessive movement of filters causing bag-to-bag abrasion GE Proprietary

GE Proprietary

5353

GE Proprietary 5454

GE Proprietary

5454

GE Proprietary 5555

GE Proprietary

5555

Blowpipe problem

Blowpipe problem GE Proprietary 5656

GE Proprietary

5656

GE Proprietary 5757

GE Proprietary

5757

GE Proprietary 5858

GE Proprietary

5858

GE Proprietary 5959

GE Proprietary

5959

GE Proprietary 6060

GE Proprietary

6060

Blowpipe manifold/bag seam alignment

Blowpipe manifold/bag seam alignment GE Proprietary 6161

GE Proprietary

6161

GE Proprietary 6262

GE Proprietary

6262

Bag house refurbishment

Fabric characteristics and suitability for power generation applications

 

Polypropylene

Polyester

Acrylic

Fiberglass

Aramid

PPS

P84 ***

Teflon® ***

Max. continuous

170° F

275° F

265° F

500° F

400° F

375° F

500° F

500° F

operating temp.

(77° C)

(135° C)

(130° C)

(260° C)

(204° C)

(190° C)

(260° C)

(260° C)

Abrasion

Excellent

Excellent

Good

Fair*

Excellent

Good

Fair

Good

Energy absorption

Good

Excellent

Good

Fair

Good

Good

Good*

Good

Filtration properties

Good

Excellent

Good

Fair

Excellent

Excellent

Excellent

Fair

Moist heat

Excellent

Poor

Excellent

Excellent

Good

Good

God

Excellent

Alkaline dust

Excellent

Fair

Fair

Fair

Good

Excellent

Fair

Excellent

Mineral acids

Excellent

Fair

Good

Poor**

Fair

Excellent

Good

Excellent

Oxygen (>15%)

Excellent

Excellent

Excellent

Excellent

Excellent

Poor

Excellent

Excellent

Relative cost

$

$

$$

$$$

$$$$

$$$$$$

$$$$$$

$$$$$$$

* Sensitive bag-to-cage fit

** Fair with chemical or acid-resistant finishes *** Must oversize bag for shrinkage for temperatures above 450°F (232°C)

GE Proprietary

6363

Filtration Application Conditions Where PPS Excels

Continuous temperature is 375°F (192°C)

or less

Oxygen content is 15% or less

Sulfur is present in the fuel, and/or oxides of

sulfur are present in the flue gas

Moisture is present in the flue gas

Dew-point excursions take place

GE Proprietary

6464

Bag and cage selection

Standard recommended bag pinch Dependant upon fabric selection:

Bag Cage
Bag
Cage

GE Proprietary

6565

Precoating New Filters

GE Energy

Precoating New Filters GE Energy Copyright© GE 2004

Copyright© GE 2004

New fabric receives more airflow

New fabric accepts airflows in the range of

approximately 20 to 50 cfm.

Filter bags that have been in service and have

a good porous dustcake have airflows at 5 to

10 cfm.

The new filters will be subjected to three times

the airflows as the bags that are currently in

service, causing potential damage early in the bag’s life.

GE Proprietary

6767

PJFF Theory

Filters out particulates Filter cake on bags contributes about 20% of SO 2 reduction

Proprietary and Confidential

SO2

20% of SO 2 reduction Proprietary and Confidential SO 2 SO 3 HCl HF © 2008

SO3

of SO 2 reduction Proprietary and Confidential SO 2 SO 3 HCl HF © 2008 Babcock

HCl

2 reduction Proprietary and Confidential SO 2 SO 3 HCl HF © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox

HF

2 reduction Proprietary and Confidential SO 2 SO 3 HCl HF © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox
2 reduction Proprietary and Confidential SO 2 SO 3 HCl HF © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox
2 reduction Proprietary and Confidential SO 2 SO 3 HCl HF © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

“Clean Gas”

.68

Unprotected fabric

Unprotected fabric GE Proprietary Unprotected new fabric interstices work like miniature venturis to accelerate airflow

GE Proprietary

Unprotected new fabric interstices work like miniature venturis to accelerate airflow through the fabric, causing particulate impingement.

6969

Initial dustcake requirements:

Initial dustcake requirements: GE Proprietary 1. Porous, ensuring high airflows A. Range of particle sizes B.

GE Proprietary

1. Porous, ensuring high airflows

A. Range of particle sizes

B. Varying particle shape

2. Provide a uniform coat.

(1/16” to 1/8”)

3. Material should be neutral (pH).

4. Safe to handle.

7070

New fabric protection & porosity

Unprotected

GE Proprietary

Protected

protection & porosity Unprotected GE Proprietary Protected Embedded Particles in Interstices Artificial Dustcake 7171

Embedded Particles in Interstices

Artificial

Dustcake

7171

Pre-coat injection

Insulation and sheet metal lagging. Poke hole port, usually 3” or 4” dia. Location is
Insulation and
sheet metal
lagging.
Poke hole port, usually 3”
or 4” dia. Location is too
low to inject Neutralite,
not enough air volume to
maintain velocity needed
to carry Neutralite to top
section of filter bags.
Hopper door lockout
procedures usually won’t
allow this access door to be
open while dampers are
open or fan is running.
Vacuum
Hose
Airlock or
To ash removal
system.
slide gate.
Hose Airlock or To ash removal system. slide gate. High on hopper wall 3” diameter x

High on hopper wall 3” diameter x 6” long pipe nipple. Neutralite ® can be injected here.

Hopper Side Wall

3” diameter x 6” long pipe nipple on inlet ductwork/elbow. Neutralite ® can be injected here.

Discharge Hose

Vacutrans

Compressed Air

Connects Here

GE Proprietary

7272

Apply Pre-coat Material into Hopper Door

Apply Pre-coat Material into Hopper Door Proprietary and Confidential © 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company. All rights reserved.

The Babcock & Wilcox Company.73

Startup Pre-Coated Bags

Startup Pre-Coated Bags Proprietary and Confidential © 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company. All rights reserved.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company. All rights reserved.

Season Bags

2 pounds on a 10

Meter x mm Bag Material

150

1.

Limestone

2.

Fly ash

3.

Aluminum

Silicate

4.

Diatomaceous

earth

The Babcock & Wilcox Company.74

Apply Pre-coat Material into Hopper Door

Apply Pre-coat Material into Hopper Door Proprietary and Confidential © 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company. All rights reserved.

The Babcock & Wilcox Company.75

Apply Pre-coat Material into Hopper Door

Apply Pre-coat Material into Hopper Door Proprietary and Confidential © 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company. All rights reserved.

The Babcock & Wilcox Company.76

GE Energy

Leak Detection

GE Energy Leak Detection

Purpose

Identify holes in filters

Check for proper installation

Detect structural air leaks

GE Proprietary

7878

Key information

Clean Air Plenum Access

Cloth Area

Injection Location

GE Proprietary

7979

Injecting Leak Detection Powder

Injecting Leak Detection Powder GE Proprietary 8080

GE Proprietary

8080

Keys to successful test

Shut off cleaning system

Fan in operation

Inject powder (1lb per 1000 sq ft of cloth)

Shut off Fan after sufficient time for powder to

disperse

Test with light

GE Proprietary

8181

BHA Visolite ® Leak Detection System

BHA Visolite ® Leak Detection System Powder collects around air leaks GE Proprietary 8282

Powder collects around air leaks

GE Proprietary

8282

Options:

BHA Visolite ® colors:

GREEN

ORANGE

Monchromatic lights:

PINK

YELLOW

Options: BHA Visolite ® colors: GREEN ORANGE Monchromatic lights: PINK YELLOW 8383 GE Proprietary
Options: BHA Visolite ® colors: GREEN ORANGE Monchromatic lights: PINK YELLOW 8383 GE Proprietary

8383

GE Proprietary

Startup

Startup Proprietary and Confidential © 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company. All rights reserved. • Preheat

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2007 The Babcock & Wilcox Company. All rights reserved.

Preheat hopper with heaters 24

hours prior to startup

Close all doors Verify Pulse Jets are operational Monitor

Temperatures & DP

The Babcock & Wilcox Company.84

PJFF Overview Screen

PJFF Overview Screen Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.85

PJFF Control

PJFF starts cleaning when the baghouse differential pressure exceeds the “start” setpoint. Stops cleaning

when the dP drops below the “stop” setpoint.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.86

PJFF Control Groups

Whole baghouse doesn’t clean at once! Cycles through pulse headers in “groups”.

at once!  Cycles through pulse headers in “groups”. Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock &

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.87

PJFF Control - Pulse Air Header Sequencers

One sequencer for each header. The DCS gives the sequencer a command to start firing pulse valves when it is time to clean. Two valves per header pulse at the same time.

30 valves on a header, so it takes 15

pulses to complete a header. Pulses are 10 seconds apart.

The last pulse valve on a sequencer

10 seconds apart.  The last pulse valve on a sequencer sends a “sequencer complete” signal

sends a “sequencer complete” signal back to the DCS.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.88

PJFF Control

Once all 5 headers in a group say they are complete, the DCS moves on to the next group.

Just because a group is “ready”, doesn’t mean it is

pulsing!

a group is “ready”, doesn’t mean it is pulsing! Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock &

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.89

Monitoring the System

Usually, not much to look for. BUT If a pulse valve sticks open or pulse header air supply line ruptures:

Typically the PJFF air compressor pressure indication will drop a few psi and become erratic.

If the leak is bad enough, the pulse headers will stop firing due to low pulse header pressure. This is VERY BAD because differential pressure can rise rapidly without

cleaning at full load!

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.90

Hunting a Bag Leak

Typically, an opacity spike will occur when the leaking bag is pulsed.

an opacity spike will occur when the leaking bag is pulsed. Proprietary and Confidential © 2008

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.91

Hunting a Bag Leak

Trend data showed this leak was likely in PJFF-A, group B.

Trend data showed this leak was likely in PJFF-A, group B. Proprietary and Confidential © 2008

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.92

Hunting a Bag Leak

The location of the leak can be quickly narrowed down to

a particular compartment

header. After the offending group is identified:

Manually pulse each of the headers in the group one at a time and wait for an opacity spike to occur.

group one at a time and wait for an opacity spike to occur. Proprietary and Confidential

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.93

Hunting a Bag Leak

The header of the leaking bag is found! So, we’ve got it down to 500 out of a possible 22,000 bags. That’s still a lot of bags. What is the next step?

 That’s still a lot of bags. What is the next step? Proprietary and Confidential ©

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.94

Hunting a Bag Leak

The leaking bag can usually be identified easily once the compartment is locked out and entered. BUT

only if previous leaks in the compartment have been

thoroughly cleaned up!

leaks in the compartment have been thoroughly cleaned up! Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock &
leaks in the compartment have been thoroughly cleaned up! Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock &

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.95

Repairing a Bag Leak

The blow pipe is removed, the bag cage is pulled out, and the broken bag is extracted.

the bag cage is pulled out, and the broken bag is extracted. Proprietary and Confidential ©

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.96

Repairing a Bag Leak

This bag was damaged by rubbing against the compartment wall.

bag was damaged by rubbing against the compartment wall. Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock &

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.97

Repairing a Bag Leak

The area is vacuumed up, a new bag is installed, and the cleaned and inspected cage is re-inserted.

and the cleaned and inspected cage is re-inserted. Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.98

Bag Leaks Final Thoughts

Bag leaks are relatively painless to identify and correct IF opacity spikes are checked regularly and

compartments are thoroughly cleaned when bags are

replaced. Flue gas velocity in the compartments is very low. The ash path from bag to outlet damper won’t just sweep itself clean it must be vacuumed.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.99

Questions ?

Questions ? Proprietary and Confidential © 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2008 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.100

Bag Attachment to Tubesheet

Bag Attachment to Tubesheet Proprietary and Confidential © 2011 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2011 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

.101

Bag Cages

Process gas flows from the outside to the inside of the filter bags. Bag cages are installed inside each bag to prevent

their collapse during operation

Bag Cage Splice
Bag Cage Splice

Proprietary and Confidential

Pulse Valves

Pulse Valves and Pilot Solenoids Compressed air is

sequentially discharged to

each blowpipe through a pilot controlled pulse valve. The pulse valve is a double diaphragm valve. The pulse

valve is controlled using a

normally closed electrically operated solenoid air valve

is controlled using a normally closed electrically operated solenoid air valve Pulse Valve Proprietary and Confidential

Pulse Valve

Proprietary and Confidential

10 meter Filter Bags

10 meter Filter Bags Proprietary and Confidential © 2011 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc.

Proprietary and Confidential

© 2011 Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Surface Area -

8,704 filter bags 10 - meter length?

10 Acres

435,600 ft 2

.104