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INSTRUCTIONS:

Question 1

HMEF5023/SEPT2010-F/FA

1. THERE ARE EIGHT (8) QUESTIONS IN THIS PAPER. 2. ANSWER FIVE (5) QUESTIONS ONLY.

Leadership can be classified into transactional, transformational, and moral leadership.

a. Explain TWO (2) characteristics of each of the type of leadership.

[6 marks]

b. Is moral leadership important? Give FOUR (4) reasons.

Question 2

[4 marks]

[TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

According to Cheng (1994), there are five dimensions of school principal leadership, namely, structural, human, political, symbolic, and educational leadership.

a. Discuss any THREE (3) of the five dimensions.

[6 marks]

b. Give an example of EACH of the three selected dimensions in (a).

Question 3

[4 marks] [TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

The Path-Goal Theory of leadership effectiveness states that a leader needs to be skilful in the following four patterns of behaviours: directive, supportive, participative, and achievement- oriented (House & Mtichell, 1974).

a. Explain any THREE (3) of the behaviours.

[6 marks]

b. Discuss how the THREE (3) selected behaviours in (a) can be implemented.

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[4 marks]

[TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

Question 4

HMEF5023/SEPT2010-F/FA

Jenkins (1988) states that to empower others is to give stakeholders a share in the movement and direction of the enterprise.

a. Explain how empowerment occurs in school.

[3 marks]

b. Give THREE (3) reasons why empowerment fails in school.

[3 marks]

c. Discuss TWO (2) ways to ensure successful empowerment in school.

Question 5

[4 marks] [TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

The potential for conflict exists whenever principals, teachers, students, and parents come into

contact.

a. Explain FOUR (4) causes of conflicts in schools.

[4 marks]

b. As a leader, how would you deal with EACH of the above four causes of conflicts? [6 marks] [TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

Question 6

Creative leadership can transform schools.

a. Discuss FOUR (4) characteristics of creative leaders.

[4 marks]

b. Explain FOUR (4) ways to enhance creativity in schools.

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[6 marks] [TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

Question 7

HMEF5023/SEPT2010-F/FA

Supportive communication has eight attributes (Whetten and Cameron, 2002). Three of the attributes are (i) supportive communication is problem-oriented, not person-oriented; (ii) supportive communication is descriptive, not evaluative; and, (iii) supportive communication is owned, not disowned.

a. Explain the meaning of the THREE (3) attributes mentioned in the above statement. [6 marks]

b. Discuss FOUR (4) strategies to promote supportive communication.

[4 marks] [TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

Question 8

Schools are places where teaching and learning takes place. Students learn to acquire knowledge, skills and the right-values and attitudes. In recent years, management’s experts have suggested that schools too need to learn, i.e. because it is by becoming “learning organisations” that they would be able to survive and prosper.

a. What does the term ‘learning organisation’ mean?

[3 marks]

b. What are the THREE (3) reasons to promote learning organisation?

[3 marks]

c. Discuss FOUR (4) obstacles in the setting up of schools as learning organisations.

[4 marks] [TOTAL: 10 MARKS]

QUESTION PAPER ENDS HERE

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