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Homework -1.11.2013 Page 19/ex 4 a.

Difference between illness and disease Illness = the state of being ill or of having a disease Disease = a serious illness, especially one that is caused by infection and which usually lasts a long time The difference between disease and illness is that the first one is more serious than the other. b. The neuro-hormonal reaction is the hormonal response of the nervous system at various stimuli.

c. Physical and mental stimuli are agents (as an environmental change, tiredness) that directly influences the activity of living protoplasm (as by exciting a sensory organ or evoking muscular contraction or glandular secretion)

d. Difference between perfect and harmoniously Perfect = as good, correct, or accurate as it is possible to be Harmoniously = which is forming a consistent whole Between perfect and harmoniously, the second one is used in the medical language. e. Deviation definitions: 1. A turning away or aside from the normal point or course. 2. An abnormality. 3. In psychiatry and the behavioral sciences, a departure from an accepted norm, role, or rule. 4. A statistical measure representing the difference between an individual value in a set of values and the mean value in that set.

Page 21/ ex 7 1. Sntatea cuprinde un echilibru ntre o condiie fizic bun , o component psihic i o parte sufleteasc. 2. O persoan sntoas in general caut s evolueze i s se depeasc pe sine , i s ii justifice viaa prin cutarea unui neles mai profund, mai mre dect simpla existen sau supravieuire. 3. Sntatea individului este afectat atat negative ct i pozitiv de impactul cu mediul fizic, biologic i sociocultural. Asta nseamn c evoluia tehnologic i tiinific nu vin fr un cost.

4. Factorii de risc asociai cu creterea bolilor cardiace include ereditatea, vrsta, sexul, rasa, lichidele din snge, hipertensiunea i fumatul. Ali factori contribuitori sunt obezitatea, inactivitatea fizic i stresul. 5. Hipertensiunea este un factor de risc primar ce mrete numrul de atacuri de cord i cazurile de infarct. Principalii factori ce duc la o predispoziie de evoluie a hipertensiunii include ereditatea, obezitatea, excesul de sare, alcool i tensiunea psihic. 6. Global, pneumonia i ifecii respiratorii uoare reprezint singura cea mai important cauz a mortalitii la copii sub 5 ani. 7. Cltoriile internaionale pot prezenta diferite riscuri pentru sntate, depinznd att de caracteristicile cltorului ct i a tipului de cltorie: cltorii pot ntmpina brute i significante n altitudine, umiditate, temperatur i microbe, lucru ce poate duce la probleme de sntate.