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Pronunciation Guide. Listen to the Spanish speakers as you work through this section.

Spanish has three letters in its alphabet that dont exist in English. The first is che, written [ch] which sounds like the /ch/ in church, Poncho, chico, cha-cha-cha. The second is elle, a double l which is pronounced like the /lyi/ in million, Sevilla, paella, millon. The third is like a letter n but with a sign called the tilde (~) over it. Its pronounced like the /nyi/ in onion, seor, seorita, Espaa. Listen now to the whole alphabet in Spanish. Alphabet Aa Bb Cc CH (ch) Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Sound Ah Beh Theh Cheh Deh Eh Eh-feh Heh Ahcheh Ee Alphabet Jj Kk Ll LL (ll) Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Sound Hoh-tah Kah Eh-leh Ehl-yeh Eh-meh En-neh Ehn-yeh Oh Peh Koo Alphabet Rr RR (rr) Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz Sound Eh-reh Doble Eh-reh Eh-seh Teh Oo Veh Whoah Ekis Yeh Zeta/Zeda

Spanish vowels. The vowels in Spanish have one sound each, unlike English vowels which are very complex. Try to get them right and not to substitute English sounds. a - /ah/ is nearer to Southern English cup than cap, or hut than hat. /ah/ - casa, maana, Salamanca, aguila. e - /eh/ is like the e in egg. /eh/ - Enrique, Benavente. i - /ee/ is long like the /ee/ in feet, not short like the /i/ in fit. /ee/ - fino, finsimo, kikiriki. o - /oh/ is an open vowel as in pop or top, never close as in no or toe. This vowel often slips back to the English. Try to avoid saying Pedro or Rodrigo. /oh/ - Pedro, Rodrigo, Santiago de Compostela. u - /oo/ has a long sound like the /oo/ in pull. /oo/ - ubeda, burgos, lugo. But, /oo/ is silent between g and e or i, guera, guia, guernica, unless it has two dots over it. cincenta, gisqui. Spanish consonants. Some consonants sound differently in Spanish from those of English. Listen to these examples. B and v have roughly the same sound in stand of Spanish, though in some regions they are pronounced as in English. Spaniards often have to ask, do you spell that with a b or a v? For example, Barcelona, Valencia, Vizcaya, alava, bilbao, villaviciosa, Benavente. Z is pronounced like English th, as in thing or breath, Zamora, zazra, Zaragoza. C is pronounced the same way if its followed by e or i, Barcelona, Valencia, Albacity, civilizacion. D is not so hard as in English, especially if it occurs at the end of the word, Madrid, Valladolid, el cid. H is always silent, Huesca, Huelva, majadahonda, alhambra. J is

guttural, Jan, quijon, Jose, Javier. G has the same guttural sound when followed by e or i. Jorge, Quigon, Gerona. Qu always sounds like k never as in English quick. Quiosco, Enrique, Jadraque. In Spanish, always try to trill your r with the tip of the tongue. A single r has a short trill, a double r a stronger one. For example, granada, corua, Rodrigo, guadarrama, torrejon. Finally, read through the section in the book which explains the stress rules. Here are the examples given. Words which are stressed on the last syllable, valladolid, el escolar, Santander, liberaltar. And words which stressed the syllable before last, Granada, Toledo, valdepeas. And words which break the rules, Jose, Jijn, kilometro, caliz, Mlaga, civilizacion. Now practice your pronunciation by repeating these place names after the speakers. Check on the map in the book to see where they are. 1. La Corua 2. San Sebastian 3. Burgos 4. Zaragoza 5. Tarragona 6. Salamanca 7. Madrid 8. Cuenca 9. Badajoz 10. Sevilla 11. Granada 12. Mlaga 13. Santiago de Compostela 14. Bilbao 15. Pamplona 16. Barcelona 17. Valladolid 18. Zamora 19. Toledo 20. Albacity 21. Caceres 22. Gargola 23. Almeria 24. Caliz

Here are the words and phrases listed in the book under the heading the bare essentials. Repeat them after the speakers. Buenos dias. Buenas tardes Buenas noches Hola Adios Hasta luego Por favor Gracias

Muchas gracias De nada Perdone Se puede? Basta, gracias No entiendo No se Quien es quien?

Dayalogo uno Isabel is going to meet Pacos colleagues. Before the party, he showed us some pictures. She asked Paco to tell her who those people are. Isabel: Quien es este Seor? Paco: Ese Seor Ortega. Isabel: Esta Seora es Luisa? Paco: No, no es Luisa, es Juanita. Isabel: Y esta seores quien es son? Paco: Estos son nos seores eredo. Later Isabel introduces herself to one of them. Isabel: El Seor Eredo, buenas tardes. Seor Ortega: No soy, el Seor Eredo. Soy el Seor Ortega. Isabel: Oh, perdone Seor. Seor Ortega: De nada, Seorita y quien es usted? Usted es Isabel no? Isabel: Si, soy Isabel. When youve worked through the actividades 2-4. Try this extra exercise which is in the book. Youre in a group of people and you find yourself talking to Isabel, youll hear a prompt in English which you should

try to convey in Spanish. Youll then hear what you might have said in Spanish followed by the reply. Use the pause button to give yourself time to speak. Say Good morning Miss. Buenos dias seorita. Buenos dias. Ask if she is Luisa. Usted es Luisa no? No, no soy Luisa, soy Isabel. Apologize. Perdone seorita. De nada. Y usted, quien es usted? Say you are Mr. Smith. Soy es Seor Smith. Ask who these other people are. Esto seores quien es son? Son los Seores Alba. Thank Isabel, say goodbye for now. Gracias Isabel, hasta luego.

Unit 1 Dayalogo 2 This time, Paco is invited as a guest to Isabels party and he wont know everyone there. He asks her to identify a few people from her photo album. Como se llamas seorita? Se llama Anna. Y este seor, como se llama?

Ese es el Seor Careda. Esto seores quien es son? Son los Seores Alba. At the party Paco introduces himself to Mr. and Mrs. Alba. Buenas tardes seores. Mi llamo Paco. Ustedes Seores Alba no? Si, somos los Seores Alba. When youve done the rest of the exercises in this unit, look again for a moment at documento number 1. See if you can answer the following questions as if you are talking on a very bad telephone line. The exercise is in the book, so you will hear the answer after each question. Como se llama este hotel? Se llama hotel San Nicolas. Ese us tan San Nicolas? No, es el hotel San Nicolas. Se llama Don Nicolas? No, se llama San Nicolas. Se llama hotel Sto. Tomas? No, San Nicolas. N i c o l a s. Nicolas.