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The Project on Integrated Urban Development Master Plan for the City of Nairobi in the
The Project on Integrated Urban
Development Master Plan for the City of
Nairobi in the Republic of Kenya
Telecommunications Sector
Telecommunications Sector
1. Current Condition of Telecommunication Sector 2. Draft Master Plan
1.
Current Condition of Telecommunication
Sector
2.
Draft Master Plan
October 8, 2013 Masahiro Sakagami Nippon Koei Co., Ltd.
October 8, 2013
Masahiro Sakagami
Nippon Koei Co., Ltd.

Contents

1.Current Condition of Telecommunication Sector

(1) Major Indicator on Telecommunication Sector

(2) Related Plan

(3) Fact (Constraint/Problem)

2. Draft Master Plan

(1) Demand and Gap Analysis

(2) Development Plan

(3) Priority Project

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

Table1: Major Indicator on Telecommunications

Items

Penetration Ratio

Fixed Telephone Penetration Ratio

0.7% (as of 2011)

Mobile Telephone Penetration Ratio

64.8% (as of 2011)

Internet Use Penetration Ratio

28% (as of 2011)

Broadband User

1.8% (as of 2012)

Postal Service Use

12%(as of 2011)

Source: ITU, National ICT survey report 2011 (CCK), Anural Report 2011/12 (CCK)

Table2: Digital Divide among Nairobi city and Provinces

Province

Fixed-telephone

Mobile Phone

Internet

(%)

(%)

(%)

Nairobi

11.9

76.2

28.3

Central

1.4

74.0

7.1

Coast

6.3

50.7

8.4

Eastern

2.0

64.2

4.9

North Eastern

1.2

41.1

3.6

Nyanza

1.8

57.3

5.8

Rift Valley

2.3

58.0

4.7

Western

1.2

49.5

1.5

Source: National ICT survey report 2011 (CCK)

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

Current Trend of Telecommunications

Fixed telephone and Mobile

Number of Users (1000 users)

35,000

30,000

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000

0

25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934
25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934
25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934
25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934
25,280 20,119 17,362
25,280
20,119
17,362
29,703
29,703
29,703

29,703

29,703
25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934
25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934
25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934
25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934

12,934

527 697

460

379 263

527 697 460 379 263
20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934 527 697 460 379 263 Year number of mobile users number of
20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934 527 697 460 379 263 Year number of mobile users number of
Year
Year
20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934 527 697 460 379 263 Year number of mobile users number of

number of mobile users10,000 5,000 0 25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934 527 697 460 379 263 Year number of

number of fixed users10,000 5,000 0 25,280 20,119 17,362 29,703 12,934 527 697 460 379 263 Year number of

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on CCK Annual Report 2011/12

Figure 1: Number of Users of Fixed and Mobile in Kenya

Comparing with rapid growth of

mobile users, fixed telephone

subscribers tend to have decreased.

70 64.8 61.6 60 49.1 50 42.4 40 30.3 mobile penetration 30 fixed penetration 20
70
64.8
61.6
60
49.1
50
42.4
40
30.3
mobile penetration
30
fixed penetration
20
10
1.7
1.7
1.2
0.9
0.7
0
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Year
Penetration(%)

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU Statistics

Figure2 : Penetration Ratio of Fixed and Mobile in Kenya

Fixed penetration ratio from 2007 to

2011 is about 1% and tends to fall by

year. On the other hand, mobile

penetration raises about 30 to 65% in

same period. This means that most

of telephone users in Kenya incline

toward mobile.

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

Current Trend of Telecommunications

Internet

Postal and Courier Services

40 35 30 25 20 InternetPenetration 15 10 BroadbandPenetration 5 0 2007 2008 2009 2010
40
35
30
25
20
InternetPenetration
15
10
BroadbandPenetration
5
0
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
Year
Penetration Ratio (%)

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU and CCK Annual Report

2011/12

Figure 1: Penetration Ratio of Internet in Kenya

Internet User from 2010 to 2013 is

increasing rapidly. However,

broadband user who can connect to

internet at a speed of over 256kbps is

less that 3% of the population.

200 180 160 140 120 100 Number of Licenced 80 Postal and Courier Operators 60
200
180
160
140
120
100
Number of Licenced
80
Postal and Courier
Operators
60
40
20
0
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Year

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on CCK Anural Report 2011/12

Figure2 : Number of Licensed Postal and Courier Operators

Number of licensed postal/courier

operator is increasing at a rate of 10%

per year.

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

Current Trend of Telecommunications

Internet Connection

Table1: Subscriptions and Users of Internet

Subscriptions / Users

2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

May 2013

Terrestrial Mobile Data/Internet

1,562,065

3,059,906

4,189,720

7,655,576

9,589,851

Subscription

Terrestrial Wireless Data/Internet

8,602

22,134

29,979

21,709

24,011

Subscription

Satellite Data/Internet Subscription

26

953

960

519

727

Fixed Digital Subscriber Line(DSL)

7,822

9,631

15,168

11,682

10,390

Data/Internet Subscription

Fixed Fiber Optic Data/Internet

851

4,303

22,460

49,371

55,007

Subscription

Fixed Cable Modem (Dial Up)

21

25

 

25

25

Data/Internet Subscription

-

Total Internet Subscription

1,824,203

3,096,952

4,258,287

7,738,882

9,680,011

Estimated Internet Users*

3,648,406

7,832,352

12,538,030

14,032,366

16,444,861

Note:* The number of Internet users is estimated by multiplying by 1 the number of mobile data/internet

subscriptions, by 10 terrestrial wireless subscriptions, and by 100 fixed DSL, Fibre optic and satellite subscriptions.

There is no scientific method of estimating internet users; for the purpose of this report the methodology adopted is

Source: Source: CCK Annual Report 2011

borrowed from the recommendation from ITU and Internet Market Study 2006 carried out by the Commission.

Source: Source: CCK Annual Report 2011/12, Sector Statistics Report(3

rd

Quarter 2012/13)

For the number of the internet subscriptions, over 98 % of them have been

mobile users since 2009/10 and over 50% of the internet users connects to the

internet through their mobile in 2011/12.

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

Current Trend of Telecommunications

Internet Broadband Service

Table: Broadband Subscriptions

Subscriptions

2010/11

2011/12

May 2013

Fixed Broadband (DSL, Satellite

and Fibre)

6,552

35,265

N/A

Wireless (Wimax)

5,646

17,282

N/A

Mobile

108,928

674,255

N/A

Total

121,126

726,802

1,178,077

Source: Source: CCK Annual Report 2011/12, Sector Statistics Report(3

rd

Quarter 2012/13)

The broadband subscription as of 2012 represented about only 1.8% of the

population of Kenya.

As same as the internet user, mobile user represents 90 % of the internet

subscriptions

It can be seen that mobile expands at an explosive pace.

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

Current Trend of Telecommunications

Major Operators in Kenya

 

Category

Safa

Operator

Note

Fixed phone

 

Telkom Kenya (Orange)

 

subscription

Mobile phone

Safaricom

As of March 2013, 78% of total

subscription

Internet

M-Pesa

 

Telkom Kenya (Orange)

mobile subscribers used M-pesa

Airtel Network Kenya

service.

 

Essar Telecom Kenya

 

Internet

 

Wananchi Telecom

These 5 operators provide

subscription

Kenya Data Network (KDN)

internet connection services and

 

Access Kenya

account for 90% of market.

Telkom Kenya

Safaricom

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on Sector Statistics Report Q3 2012/13 issued by CCK on July 2013

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

Comparative Position of Kenya

80 60 Kenya 40 Ethiopia 20 Tanzania Uganda 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year
80
60
Kenya
40
Ethiopia
20
Tanzania
Uganda
0
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Year
%

Figure 1: Penetration ratio of Mobile Subscriptions in

Kenya among 4 countries 30 25 20 Kenya 15 Ethiopia 10 Tanzania 5 0 Uganda
Kenya among 4 countries
30
25
20
Kenya
15
Ethiopia
10
Tanzania
5
0
Uganda
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Year
%

Figure 2: Penetration ratio of Individual Using the Internet in

Kenya among 4 countries

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU statistics

1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Year
%

Kenya

Ethiopia

Tanzania

Uganda

Figure 3: Penetration ratio of Fixed-telephone

subscriptions in Kenya among 4 countries

1. Percentage of mobile subscription is the

highest in Kenya among countries as shown

in Figure 1, on the other hand fixed

subscription tends to decrease as shown in

Figure 3.

2. Increasing Internet users in Kenya is a

notable point comparing with neighboring

counties.

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (1) Indicator on Telecommunications

 

150

100

%

 

50

0

 
  Developed Developing World Kenya

Developed

  Developed Developing World Kenya

Developing

  Developed Developing World Kenya

World

  Developed Developing World Kenya

Kenya

Comparative Position of Kenya

50 40 30 20 10 0 Developed Developing World Kenya %
50
40
30
20
10
0
Developed
Developing
World
Kenya
%

Figure 1: Penetration ratio of Mobile Subscriptions in

Kenya as World Comparison

Figure 3: Penetration ratio of Fixed-telephone

subscriptions in Kenya as World Comparison

80 60 40 20 0 Developed Developing World Kenya %
80
60
40
20
0
Developed
Developing
World
Kenya
%

Figure 2: Penetration ratio of Individual Using the Internet in

Kenya as World Comparison

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU statistics

1. Ownerships of mobile and Internet in Kenya almost

line up among developing countries and the whole

world.

2. As for individual using of Internet in Kenya, its

penetration ratio is almost the same as developing

countries and the whole world.

3. In the matter of fixed-telephone subscriptions in

Kenya, low penetration ratio stands out compared

with other rest of the world.

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (2) Related Plan

Kenya Vision 2030 (Government of Kenya)

Roadmap for Kenya's transformation into a newly

industrializing, and middle-income country.

National Broadband Strategy for Kenya(2013)

(MOICT/CCK)

Strategy and its implementation plan for 2013-2017

on Telecommunications Sector to achieve Kenya

Vision 2030

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (3) Fact (Constraint/Problem)

Summary of Current Condition

1. Mobile penetration of Kenya reached more than half of the

population meanwhile fixed telephone, internet use, postal

service are not in widespread use.

2. Telecommunications Indicators for Nairobi City are higher

than the national figures thus there is a difference on

distribution of ICT equipment between urban and rural area.

3. Unintegrated telecommunications infrastructure in Nairobi

have adverse effect on preservation of urban landscape as

service provider.

4. Quality of construction or installation works is varied.

5. Insufficiency of information sharing and inefficiencies in

governmental administrative services

6. Insufficiency of information dissemination (especially lack of

push-based information dissemination system) to the citizens

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications (3) Fact (Constraint/Problem)

Pull-based / Push-based information

dissemination

Pull-based information dissemination

Information is provided based on the user's request.

Information

Request

based on the user's request. Information Request Get Push-based information dissemination Information is
based on the user's request. Information Request Get Push-based information dissemination Information is

Get

based on the user's request. Information Request Get Push-based information dissemination Information is provided

Push-based information dissemination

Information is provided irrespective of user's wish.

Information

Dissemination

irrespective of user's wish. Information Dissemination Source: JST Figure Pull-based and Push-based information
irrespective of user's wish. Information Dissemination Source: JST Figure Pull-based and Push-based information

Source: JST

Figure Pull-based and Push-based information Dissemination

1. Current Condition of Telecommunications

(3) Fact (Constraint/Problem)

Fact (problem, constraint)

(3) Fact (Constraint/Problem) Fact (problem, constraint) C a u s e Issue Low fixed-telephone penetration ratio

Cause

Fact (problem, constraint) C a u s e Issue Low fixed-telephone penetration ratio (0.7%) Low

Issue

Fact (problem, constraint) C a u s e Issue Low fixed-telephone penetration ratio (0.7%) Low

Low fixed-telephone penetration

ratio (0.7%)

Low internet penetration ratio

(28%)

Low broadband penetration ratio

(1.7%)

ratio (28%) Low broadband penetration ratio (1.7%) Low postal service use (12%) Telecommunication
ratio (28%) Low broadband penetration ratio (1.7%) Low postal service use (12%) Telecommunication

Low postal service use (12%)

penetration ratio (1.7%) Low postal service use (12%) Telecommunication infrastructure uses land inefficiently

Telecommunication infrastructure

uses land inefficiently and ruins the

urban landscape.

Variability of construction quality

the urban landscape. Variability of construction quality Communication lines don't reach all of residences.
the urban landscape. Variability of construction quality Communication lines don't reach all of residences.

Communication lines don't reach all

of residences.

Insufficiency of wireless internet

access service including mobile and

wimax

Installation of fiber optic for trunk

communication and local access

network toward broadband access

Introduction of tower sharing for the

operators

Introduction of common

underground duct shared by the

operators

Encouragement of communication

through ICT equipment

Improve coordination among public

agencies (NCC, CCK, Road Operators)

Establishment of framework on

construction supervision and

maintenance works

on construction supervision and maintenance works Insufficiency of metro trunk communication network

Insufficiency of metro trunk

communication network capacity

Insufficiency of postal services

Development of SMS, E-mail,

Courier Service

Operators' uncoordinated

deployment of telecommunication

infrastructure

Incompliance of guideline/code for

construction works

Insufficiency of information sharing

and inefficiency of governmental

administrative services

Page 14

Insufficiency of information dissemination to the citizens

Insufficiency of information dissemination to the citizens No intranet in governmental offices Insufficiency of
Insufficiency of information dissemination to the citizens No intranet in governmental offices Insufficiency of

No intranet in governmental offices

Insufficiency of awareness of ICT

Insufficiency of information

dissemination tools

of ICT Insufficiency of information dissemination tools Introduction of government dedicated networking among
of ICT Insufficiency of information dissemination tools Introduction of government dedicated networking among

Introduction of government

dedicated networking among

governmental offices

ICT literacy education for officers

Introduction of push-based information dissemination system

2. Draft Master Plan (1) Demand and Gap Analysis

Demand of Mobile Telephone

1. Mobile growth rate of typical

African countries is nearly constant

and linear after it starts to

rise.(Figure 1)

140 120 100 Kenya S.Africa 80 64.8% % Tunisia 60 Algeria 40 Uganda 20 Ethiopia
140
120
100
Kenya
S.Africa
80
64.8%
%
Tunisia
60
Algeria
40
Uganda
20
Ethiopia
Tanzania
0
Year
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

Figure 1: Penetration Ratio of Mobile among counties

2. Penetration ratio of the seven major industries

countries move up at averagely 50 percent

points per decade. (Table 1)

Page 15

Table 1: Penetration Ratio of Developed Counties

                         

Growth Rate

Year

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

(2011)-(2001)

France

49.20

62.29

64.55

69.29

73.51

78.84

84.17

89.66

93.36

92.75

92.03

94.79

32.50

Japan

53.12

59.43

64.35

68.67

72.43

76.34

78.94

84.84

87.24

91.90

97.43

104.95

45.52

United

                         

Kingdom

73.80

78.32

82.96

91.03

99.66

108.75

115.76

121.25

125.24

130.17

130.76

130.75

52.44

United

                         

States

38.75

45.00

49.16

55.15

62.85

68.63

76.64

82.47

85.68

89.14

91.86

92.72

47.72

Germany

58.53

68.13

71.73

78.56

86.43

96.04

103.78

116.62

127.95

127.42

127.04

132.30

64.17

Canada

28.46

34.39

37.95

42.05

47.02

52.71

57.46

61.49

66.29

70.71

75.92

79.73

45.34

Italy

74.13

89.59

94.26

98.11

107.70

121.87

136.11

150.94

150.84

149.44

154.64

157.93

68.34

 

Average

62.45

 

113.31

50.86

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU statistics

2. Draft Master Plan (1) Demand and Gap Analysis

Demand of Mobile Telephone

1. Applying a growth rate of the 50 percent points per

decade, mobile demand is expected as below.(Table 1)

2. It is observed that mobile subscriber will exceed

current capacity before 2018.

Table 1: Demand of Mobile Telephone

Year

2013

2018

2023

2030

Population

43,300,000

49,500,000

56,000,000

65,600,000

Mobile Penetration (%)

 

69

102

127

162

Mobile subscription

29,849,336

*1

50,490,000

71,120,000

106,272,000

Capacity

49,977,000

*2

     

Note

*1: Sector Statistics Report Q3 2012/13 issued by CCK on July 2013

 

*2: Figure of capacity is as of 2012 based on CCK Annual Report 2011/12

 

2. Draft Master Plan (1) Demand and Gap Analysis

Demand of Internet Use

1. Penetration ratio of internet use in Kenya is rising

sharply and comes up to approximately 28 % in 2011.

2. According to trend of developed countries, It takes

around 19 years to jump up from 30% to 90%

90%
90%

11 years

80%
80%

8 years

30%
30%
to jump up from 30% to 90% 90% 11 years 80% 8 years 30% Figure 1:

Figure 1: Increasing Trend of Internet Use

11 years for jumping up from 30% to 80%
11 years for jumping
up from
30% to 80%

Figure 1: Penetration Ratio of Internet

Use of Developed Countries

Page 17

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU statistics

8 years for increasing from 80% to 90%
8 years for increasing from
80% to 90%

Figure 2: Penetration Ratio of Internet

Use of Nordic Countries

2. Draft Master Plan (1) Demand and Gap Analysis

Demand of Internet Use

1. Applying the trend, demand of internet use is expected

as below.(Table 1)

Table 1: Demand of Internet Use

Year

2013

2018

2023

2030

Population

43,300,000

49,500,000

56,000,000

65,600,000

Internet Penetration (%)

 

37

60

81

90

Estimated Internet User

16,444,861

*1

29,700,000

45,360,000

59,040,000

Note

*: Sector Statistics Report Q3 2012/13 issued by CCK on July 2013

 

Based on the number of estimated internet user,

demand of international internet bandwidth will be

predicted as shown in next slide.

Page 18

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU statistics

2. Draft Master Plan (1) Demand and Gap Analysis

Demand of Bandwidth for International Communication

Assumption

Broadband Subscription: Linear Increase

Individual Data Usage per day: 3Gbyte(Broadband

User), 300Mbyte(Narrowband User)

International Connection Ratio: 0.7 (Not all of

data go outward through the undersea cable and

satellite.

It is observed that international

bandwidth will exceed

current capacity before 2018.

Table 1: Demand of Bandwidth for International Connection

No.

Year

Unit

2013

2018

2023

2030

1

Population Internet User Internet User Ratio Broadband User Ratio

 

43,300,000

49,500,000

56,000,000

65,600,000

2

individual

16,444,861

29,700,000

45,360,000

59,040,000

3

%

38

60

81

90

4

%

2.7

8

13

20

5

Broadband subscription

1,178,077*

3,960,000

7,280,000

13,120,000

6

Individual Data Use per day

Mbyte

3,000

3,000

3,000

3,000

7

Individual Data Use per day

Mbit

24,000

24,000

24,000

24,000

8

Total Data Per day

Mbit

28,273,848,000

95,040,000,000

174,720,000,000

314,880,000,000

9

Necessary Bandwidth (Broadband User)

Mbps

327,244

1,100,000

2,022,222

3,644,444

10

Narrowband subscription

15,266,784

25,740,000

38,080,000

45,920,000

11

Individual Data Use per day

Mbyte

300

300

300

300

12

Individual Data Use per day

Mbit

2,400

2,400

2,400

2,400

13

Total Data Per day

Mbit

36,640,281,600

61,776,000,000

91,392,000,000

110,208,000,000

Necessary Bandwidth (Narrowband

Mbps

 

14

User)

424,077

715,000

1,057,778

1,275,556

15

Necessary Bandwidth (Internal)

Mbps

751,321

1,815,000

3,080,000

4,920,000

16

Internal Connection Ratio

0.70

0.70

0.70

0.70

17

International Necessary Bandwidth

Mbps

525,925

1,270,500

2,156,000

3,444,000

18

Page 19

International Available Bandwidth

Mbps

921,319*

*:Sector Statistics Report Q3 2012/13 issued on July 2013 (CCK)

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

Calculation

No.1 x No.4 /100

No.5 x No.7

No.8/24/60/60

No.2-No.5

No.10 x No.12

No.13/24/60/60

No.9+No.14

No.15 x No.16

2. Draft Master Plan (2) Development Policy

Development Policy 1. High Speed and Reliable Communications Network and its Connectivity 2. Collaboration among
Development Policy
1.
High Speed and Reliable Communications Network and its
Connectivity
2.
Collaboration among Governmental Players and Operators
3.
Policy, Regulation and Institution development
4.
Promotion of E-government
5.
Protecting the Citizens from Disaster and Extraordinary
Happenings

Development Goal

1.

Expansion of Broadband Services to Whole Area of Nairobi

County.

2.

Establishment of National Infrastructure Sharing Policy.

3.

Improvement of Digital Literacy of Nairobi citizens

4.

Provision of Prompt and Reliable Governmental Administrative

Service to Nairobi citizens

Page 20

5.

Disaster Prevention Information Dissemination to the Citizens

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST) based on ITU statistics

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project Necessary to realize Development Goals

1.

Fiber Optic Trunk Communication Network in Nairobi

City

2.

Common Infrastructure for Operators

3.

Introduction of Governmental Dedicated Network

among Governmental Offices

4.

Disaster Information Gathering and Dissemination

System

5.

National Addressing System (On-going Project)

6.

Government Data Center and Cyber Security

7.

ICT Literacy Education for Citizens

8.

Establishment of Framework on Construction

Supervision and Maintenance Works

9.

Infrastructure Sharing Policy

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project1:

Fiber Optic Trunk Communication Network in Nairobi City

Responsibility:

Operates

Objective Effect  Increasing of the number of internet user  Establishment of high speed
Objective
Effect
 Increasing of the number of internet user
 Establishment of high speed network
 Enhancing of convenience of internet
 Improvement of connectivity from
 Promotion of citizens' participation to E-government
users
(Access to on-line government service)
 Upgrade of submarine cable capacity
 Promotion of ITS (Intelligent Transport System)
Mobile
National Backbone
Communication
【Legend】
Network
: Fiber Optic Ring
Office
Building
Upgrading of
: Main Exchange
Nairobi Metro
Upgrading of
Trunk
Local Access
Communication
Network
: Local Exchange
Network
Residence
Figure 1: Conceptual Diagram of Telecommunications Network
【Legend】
Tatu City
National Backborn
Communication Network
Metro Trunk
Githurai
Communication Network
Ruiru
(along the road network)
Runda-
Urban Core
Runda
Sub Center (Jct.)
Kasarani
Sub Center (Sta.)
Uthiru
Kabete
Dandora
Ruai
Dagoretti
Figure 3: Land Use Framework
Makadara
Woodlry
CBD
Karen
Airport
Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)
Imara
Page 22
North
Langata
Daima
Figure 2: Network Construction Plan
Shokimau

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project2:

Common Infrastructure for Operators

Responsibility:

NCC

Objective

Avoiding uncoordinated

infrastructure deployment by

operators

Effect

Coordinated land use

Improvement of urban landscape

Reduction of road constriction

Increasing of road user satisfaction

Reduction of telecommunication equipment/cabling work cost

Protection against vandalism

Table 1: Recommended Common Infrastructure

Item

Outline

Common underground duct

Operators can install their cables in

the underground duct according

 

without excavation works

Shared Antenna Tower

Operators can install their

antennas without installation of

 

new tower.

Casing pipe Cable Power Communication cables cables (fiber optic)
Casing pipe
Cable
Power
Communication cables
cables
(fiber optic)

Figure 1: Image of Common Underground Duct

Source: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism.

Kanto Regional Development Bureau website

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project3:

Introduction of Governmental Dedicated Network among

Governmental Offices

Responsibility:

NCC, MOICT

Objective

Information sharing

among

governmental offices, its site office,

ministries and agencies

Establishment of reliable exclusive

network which is unaffected by

communication congestion

Effect

Prompt and effective implementation of administrative management

Provision of prompt administrative service to citizens

Implementation of smooth BCP (Business continuity planning) when

disaster / unusual situation

Basis of introduction of E-government

unusual situation  Basis of introduction of E-government 【Legend】 Ministry of Devolution and Planning Nairobi
【Legend】 Ministry of Devolution and Planning Nairobi City County Headquarter
【Legend】
Ministry of Devolution
and Planning
Nairobi City County
Headquarter

Government Fiber

Optic Network

Government Fiber

Optic Network

: Ministry and agency

: Nairobi City County Headquarter

: Nairobi City County Site Office

:Data Center(Implementation in another project)

Figure 1: Conceptual Diagram; Introduction of Government Dedicated Network for Governmental Offices

Page 24

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project4:

Disaster Information Gathering and Dissemination System

Responsibility:

NCC

Objective

Effect

Information and data gathering

from sites and concerned

Conservation of the citizens lives and properties

Secure the safety of the citizens

organization

citizens

Widespread and coinstantaneous

Information dissemination to the

Deliver of administrative information disseminated during time

of peace

Page 25

Information Gathering Information Disseminating Information Sharing Concerned Governmental Organization Digital
Information Gathering
Information Disseminating
Information Sharing
Concerned
Governmental
Organization
Digital Signage
PC, Smartphone
Ministry of Environment, Water and
Dedicated
Natural Resource
Kenya Meteorological Department
Governmental
Disseminating Emergency
Kenya National Disaster Operation center
Network
Meteorological Info.
Information to the citizens
Internet
Disaster Info.
Dedicated Wireless
Communication
River Water
Level
Water Level Info.
Site Office
Rainfall Info.
Announce:
Dedicated Wireless
Evacuate to safe
Rainfall
area due to
Communication
expected flood!
NCC Headquarter
Observation Station
Disaster Management
Dedicated Wireless
· Risk Assessment/Planning
Communication
· Pre-impact Activity
· Emergency
Management/Operation
· Restoration of
Outside
Infrastructure/Services
Reporting Disaster
Megaphone
· Reconstruction
Portable Handset
Condition to Headquarter

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

Figure 1: Disaster Information Gathering and Dissemination System

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project5:

National Addressing System

Responsibility:

MOICT, NCC, CCK

Objective   MOICT National Addressing System Database GIS WEB server server server
Objective
MOICT
National Addressing System
Database
GIS
WEB server
server
server

Effect

Making a database of property and

road with linking geographical

Efficient city management

Facilitating of identification of citizens, revenue collection, and

provision of efficient rescue services.

coordinates

Information provision to relevant

organization

Postal/Courier Operators

Door to door delivery service

Improving of delivery speed and

accuracy

Facilitating e-commerce

Centralization 47 counties in Kenya Stakeholder accuracy Nairobi County Power Company Water company •Property
Centralization
47 counties in Kenya
Stakeholder
accuracy
Nairobi County
Power Company
Water company
•Property number
Telecommunication Company
•Landlord, property owner
Tax Office
•Address
•Street name
•Resident
•Land reference number
•Name of the building
•Geographical coordinates of
the property
Information
Provision

Emergency / security Services

Increase of dispatching speed and

Efficient tax collection

Figure 1: Conceptual Diagram of National Addressing System

Page 26

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project6:

Government Data Center and Cyber Security

Responsibility:

MOICT, CCK, NCC

Objective

Centralizing data and information

Effect

Ensuring the security of the government information and data

Reduction of maintenance and operation cost for administrative

management

Smooth implementation of administrative management

1. Function of Datacenter

Operation Monitoring Troubleshooting Management
Operation
Monitoring
Troubleshooting
Management

Data storage and its backup

Monitoring of server, network equipment

Detecting the cause, arranging the alternation, replacement works

Account management, performance management

2.

Requirement of Datacenter

Uninterrupted power source
Uninterrupted power source
2. Requirement of Datacenter Uninterrupted power source Security Air conditioning Fire protection
Security Air conditioning Fire protection
Security
Air conditioning
Fire protection
Earthquake countermeasure
Earthquake countermeasure
Fire protection Earthquake countermeasure Emergency generator, UPS Lock-up interlocking with Entering

Emergency generator, UPS

Lock-up interlocking with Entering /leaving management (IC card

identification, biological identification), CCTV monitoring camera

Air conditioning for protection of server and network equipment

Fire-resistance division, smoke-detection sensor, gas fire

extinguisher

Quake-absorbing structure, Antiseismic structure

Page 27

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project6:

Government Data Center and Cyber Security

Table1: Example of Countermeasures

Responsibility:

MOICT, CCK, NCC

 

Item

Methodology

 

System

Update of operating system and installing of security patch on personal computers

Technical countermeasure

 

Introduction of user authentication system

Applying strict access control to network resource

Network

Monitoring network and detecting malfunction

Installing firewall to avoid intrusion from outside

Installing IDS(Intrusion Detection System) and IPS (Intrusion Prevention System) for

prompt detection and intrusion prevention

Data Security

Encipherment of data and hard disk

Virus

Installation of antivirus software

Updating virus definitions

 

Information

Establishment of information security policy

 

countermeasure

Security Policy

Compliance with information security policy

Internal rule

Stipulation of Ethical code and punitive clause to prevent an improper action

Information

Educating importance of information security and boosting its awareness

Human

Security Education

Password Control

Periodic renewal of password

Selecting a difficult password

 

Disaster

Earthquake resistant for building

 

countermeasure

Fire prevention system and fire alarm box

Waterproofing floor, wall and ceiling

Crime

Locking premises, building and room

Physical

Entering/leaving record system and monitoring camera

Equipment trouble

System redundancy

Data backup

Page 28

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project7:

ICT Literacy Education for Citizens

Responsibility:

MOICT,NCC

Objective

Improvement

literacy

of

citizens'

ICT

Effect

Economic growth to be caused by:

Job creation

Growth of investment opportunities,

Access to online government services, improved education

and training services

Minimum Contents for ICT Literacy Education

1.Fundamental of Computer

Necessity of Computer

Major Component of computer

Terminology of computer

Performance and function

Operating system

2. Internet and World Wide Web

Meaning of internet

Method of operation of browser software

E-commerce

Responsibility:

Sending and receiving E-mail message

MOICT, CCK, NCC

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

Page 29

3.Productivity Enhancement

through Computer

Word processing

Spreadsheet

Presentation

Database

4.Security and Privacy

Outline of computer security and privacy

Privacy protection

Securing computer on latest security

condition

Computer ethic

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Responsibility:

NCC

Project8:

Establishment of Framework on Construction Supervision and

Maintenance Works

Objective

Quality

construction

maintenance works

improvement

of

and

Effect

Reduction of maintenance cost

Prolonging life of infrastructure

Improvement

infrastructure

of

reliability

on

telecommunications

Promotion of cooperation among operator, contractor

and NCC

NCC manages and controls telecommunications construction as

public works not depending on contractors

Framework on telecommunication construction

Completion

Completion report (as-built drawing, inspection report) Road construction coordination meeting (For avoiding
Completion report (as-built drawing,
inspection report)
Road construction coordination
meeting (For avoiding repetition of
excavation at the same zone)
Design change request procedure Quality control (Stepwise inspection)
Design change request procedure
Quality control (Stepwise inspection)
Procedure of application from contractor for construction and its evaluation criteria Necessary document(location
Procedure of application from contractor
for construction and its evaluation criteria
Necessary document(location map,
working drawing)

Operators/players who will lay their

infrastructure under road inform their

construction plan to NCC periodically.

NCC controls construction schedule

and construction method to reduce

digging and back-filling.

Construction

stage

Pre-construction

stage

Page 30

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Project9:

Infrastructure Sharing Policy

Responsibility:

NCC

Objective

Effect

Consolidating management of

common infrastructure

Stipulating of methodology and

procedure for infrastructure

1.

sharing

Effective management of common infrastructure

Reduction of construction and maintenance cost

Promotion of cooperation among operator, contractor and NCC

Effect of Infrastructure Sharing Policy

Items to be Stipulated

Administrator of common infrastructures

Procedure of application to utilize common infrastructures

Equipment, cable or related apparatus allowed to be installed on common

infrastructure

Cost burden for construction and maintenance of common infrastructure

Page 31

Table 1: Merit of Infrastructure Sharing

Player

Merit

NCC

Effective infrastructure management and land use

CCK

Easy grasp of deployment of telecommunication infrastructure by

intercommunication with NCC

Operator

Reduction of construction and maintenance cost

Shortening of construction period

User

Reduction of construction work

Relieving traffic congestion

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Table1: Selection of Priority Project

 

Project

Urgency

Role of NCC to the

Beneficiary of the project

Evaluation Score

Note

 

initiative

(Direct benefit)

 

1.

Optic

Trunk

Communication

Network

in

High

2

Middle

1

NCC

4

7

 

Nairobi City

 

Operator

Selected

 

Government

User

 

2.

Common Infrastructure for Operators

 

High

2

High

2

NCC

2

6

 
 

Operator

Selected

3.

Introduction

of

Government

Dedicated

High

2

High

2

NCC

2

6

 

Network among Governmental Offices

 

Government

Selected

4.

Disaster

Information

Gathering

and

High

2

High

2

NCC

2

6

Selected

Disseminating System

 

User

5.

National addressing system (On-going Project)

Middle

1

Middle

1

NCC

2

4

 
 

Government

6.

Government Data Center with Cyber Security

Middle

1

Middle

1

NCC

1

3

 

7.

ICT Literacy Education for Citizens

 

Middle

1

Middle

1

User

1

3

 

8. Establishment of Framework on Construction

Middle

1

High

2

NCC

2

5

 

Supervision and Maintenance Works

 

Operator

9.

Infrastructure Sharing Policy

 

High

2

High

2

NCC

2

6

 
 

Operator

Selected

Note: Score to given for evaluation

 

High:2 pt.

 

High:2 pt.

 

4

players: 4 pt.

     
 

Middle:1 pt.

Middle:1 pt.

3

players: 3 pt.

2

players: 2 pt.

 

Page 32

1

player: 1 pt.

Source: JICA Survey Team (JST)

2. Draft Master Plan (3) Priority Project

Thank you for your attention.