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Proiect

ConstructiidinLemnI

Student:VarareanEmilian
Grupa32216
FacultateadeConstructii
Tema proiectului:
Structura de rezistenta pentru sarpanta unei cladiri cu regim de inaltime P+E, avand urmatoarele
caracteristici:
- clasa de exploatare: 1
- unghiul acoperisului: 42
o
- amplasament: - zona de actiune a zapezii: 2.00 kN/m
2
- zona de actiune a vantului: 30 m/s
- clasa de calitate I ==> C24
Nota: calculele se vor efectua conform standardului SR-EN 1995-1-1-2004
Note de calcul
Evaluarea incarcarilor:
1) Evaluarea incarcarilor din zapada (SR EN 1991-1-3 ) :
incarcarea caracteristica din zapada la sol ( ZONA II ) : s
k
2.00
kN
m
2
:=
coeficientul de expunere (topografie normala): c
e
1 :=
c
t
1 :=
coeficientul termic (acoperis "normal"):
coeficientul de forma ( 42 := ) :
1
0.8
60
30
|

\
|
|
.
0.48 = :=
s
zapada
s
k
c
e
c
t

1
0.96
kN
m
2
= :=
2) Evaluarea incarcarilor din vant (SR EN 1991-1-4 ) :
}
}
}
}
}
}
viteza fundamentala a vantului: v
b.o
30
m
s
:=
coeficientul de directie: c
dir
1 := ===>
c
season
1 :=
factorul de anotimp:
viteza de referinta a vantului la inaltimea de 10m, de la sol: v
b
v
b.o
c
dir
c
season
30
m
s
= :=
categoria de teren - zona III :===> inaltimea de rugozitate z
0
0.3m := z
min
5m := z
max
200m :=
inaltimea de rugozitate (categ. II): z
0.II
0.05m :=
factorul de teren :
k
r
0.19
z
0
z
0.II
|

\
|
|
|
.
0.07
0.215 = :=
inaltimea cladirii deasupra terenului : z 10.25m :=
c
r.z
k
r
ln
z
z
0
|

\
|
|
.
0.761 = :=
factorul de rugozitate
factorul orografic: c
0.z
1 :=
viteza medie la inaltimea z=10.25m este: v
m
c
r.z
c
0.z
v
b
22.818
m
s
= :=
k
1
1 :=
factorul de turbulenta este:
abaterea standard a turbulentei vantului este:
v
k
r
v
b
k
1
6.462
m
s
= :=
intensitatea turbulentei vantului este:
I
v

v
v
m
0.283 = :=
densitatea aerului(care este asteptata in regiune in timpul furtunior):
1.25
N
m
3

s
2
m
:=
valoarea de varf a presiunii, la inaltimea z=10.25m:
q
p
1 7 I
v
+
( )
1
2
v
m
2
0.97
kN
m
2
= :=
Calculul presiunii exterioare:
Zona F
F
11.30
h 10.25m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 11.30m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.11.30...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.1 = :=
w
e.F11.30.s
q
p
c
pe.11.30...42
0.097
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.70 :=
c
pe.11.30...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.66 = :=
w
e.F11.30.p
q
p
c
pe.11.30...42
0.641
kN
m
2
= :=
F
2.10
h 9.15m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 2.10m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.5 :=
c
pe.2.10...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0 = :=
c
pe.2.10...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
1.178 = :=
c
pe.2.10...42
c
pe.2.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.2.10...45
c
pe.2.10...30

( )

45 30
0.236 = :=
w
e.F2.10.s
q
p
c
pe.2.10...42
0.229
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.7 :=
c
pe.2.10...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.66 = :=
w
e.F2.10.p
q
p
c
pe.2.10...42
0.641
kN
m
2
= :=
F
3.60
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 3.60m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.5 :=
c
pe.3.60...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0 = :=
c
pe.3.60...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.944 = :=
c
pe.3.60...42
c
pe.3.60...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.3.60...45
c
pe.3.60...30

( )

45 30
0.189 = :=
w
e.F3.60.s
q
p
c
pe.3.60...42
0.183
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.7 :=
c
pe.3.60...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.66 = :=
w
e.F3.60.p
q
p
c
pe.3.60...42
0.641
kN
m
2
= :=
F
2.24
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 2.24m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.5 :=
c
pe.2.24...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0 = :=
c
pe.2.24...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
1.15 = :=
c
pe.2.24...42
c
pe.2.24...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.2.24...45
c
pe.2.24...30

( )

45 30
0.23 = :=
w
e.F2.24.s
q
p
c
pe.2.24...42
0.223
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.7 :=
c
pe.2.24...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.66 = :=
w
e.F2.24.p
q
p
c
pe.2.24...42
0.641
kN
m
2
= :=
F
1.49
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 1.49m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.5 :=
c
pe.1.49...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0 = :=
c
pe.1.49...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
1.327 = :=
c
pe.1.49...42
c
pe.1.49...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.1.49...45
c
pe.1.49...30

( )

45 30
0.265 = :=
w
e.F1.49.s
q
p
c
pe.1.49...42
0.258
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.7 :=
c
pe.1.49...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.66 = :=
w
e.F1.49.p
q
p
c
pe.1.49...42
0.641
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona G
G
42.20
h 10.25m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 42.20m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.42.20...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.1 = :=
w
e.G42.20.s
q
p
c
pe.42.20...42
0.097
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.7 := c
pe.10...45
0.70 :=
c
pe.42.20...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.7 = :=
w
e.G42.20.p
q
p
c
pe.42.20...42
0.679
kN
m
2
= :=
G
6.00
h 9.15m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 6.00m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.5 :=
c
pe.6.00...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0 = :=
c
pe.6.00...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.722 = :=
c
pe.6.00...42
c
pe.6.00...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.6.00...45
c
pe.6.00...30

( )

45 30
0.144 = :=
w
e.G6.00.s
q
p
c
pe.6.00...42
0.14
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.7 := c
pe.10...45
0.7 :=
c
pe.6.00...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.7 = :=
w
e.G6.00.p
q
p
c
pe.6.00...42
0.679
kN
m
2
= :=
G
3.73
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 7.45m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 7.45m = :=
A 3.73m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.5 :=
c
pe.3.73...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0 = :=
c
pe.3.73...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.928 = :=
c
pe.3.73...42
c
pe.3.73...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.3.73...45
c
pe.3.73...30

( )

45 30
0.186 = :=
w
e.G3.73.s
q
p
c
pe.3.73...42
0.18
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.7 := c
pe.10...45
0.7 :=
c
pe.3.73...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.7 = :=
w
e.G3.73.p
q
p
c
pe.3.73...42
0.679
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona H
H
58.70
h 10.25m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 58.70m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.2 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.58.70...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.04 = :=
w
e.HG58.70.s
q
p
c
pe.58.70...42
0.039
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.40 := c
pe.10...45
0.60 :=
c
pe.58.70...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.56 = :=
w
e.H58.70.p
q
p
c
pe.58.70...42
0.543
kN
m
2
= :=
H
24.66
h 9.15m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 24.66m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.2 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.24.66...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.04 = :=
w
e.H24.66.s
q
p
c
pe.24.66...42
0.039
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.40 := c
pe.10...45
0.60 :=
c
pe.24.66...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.56 = :=
w
e.H24.66.p
q
p
c
pe.24.66...42
0.543
kN
m
2
= :=
H
21.25
h 9.15m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 7.45m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 7.45m = :=
A 21.25m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.2 := c
pe.10...45
0.00 :=
c
pe.21.25...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.04 = :=
w
e.H21.25.s
q
p
c
pe.21.25...42
0.039
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.40 := c
pe.10...45
0.60 :=
c
pe.21.25...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.56 = :=
w
e.H21.25.p
q
p
c
pe.21.25...42
0.543
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona I :
I
32.86
h 10.25m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 32.86m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.4 := c
pe.10...45
0.3 :=
c
pe.32.86...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.32 = :=
w
e.I32.86.s
q
p
c
pe.32.86...42
0.311
kN
m
2
= :=
I
23.98
h 10.25m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 23.98m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.4 := c
pe.10...45
0.3 :=
c
pe.23.98...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.32 = :=
w
e.I23.98.s
q
p
c
pe.23.98...42
0.311
kN
m
2
= :=
I
68.33
h 10.25m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 68.33m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.4 := c
pe.10...45
0.3 :=
c
pe.68.33...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.32 = :=
w
e.I68.33.s
q
p
c
pe.68.33...42
0.311
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona J :
J
9.10
h 10.25m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 9.10m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.7 := c
pe.10...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.2 :=
c
pe.9.10...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.6 = :=
c
pe.9.10...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.72 = :=
c
pe.9.10...42
c
pe.9.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.9.10...45
c
pe.9.10...30

( )

45 30
0.624 = :=
w
e.J9.10.s
q
p
c
pe.9.10...42
0.606
kN
m
2
= :=
J
5.03
h 10.25m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 5.03m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.7 := c
pe.10...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.2 :=
c
pe.5.03...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.6 = :=
c
pe.5.03...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.849 = :=
c
pe.5.03...42
c
pe.5.03...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.5.03...45
c
pe.5.03...30

( )

45 30
0.65 = :=
w
e.J5.03.s
q
p
c
pe.5.03...42
0.631
kN
m
2
= :=
J
2.74
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 8.65m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 8.65m = :=
A 2.74m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.7 := c
pe.10...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.2 :=
c
pe.2.74...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.6 = :=
c
pe.2.74...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.981 = :=
c
pe.2.74...42
c
pe.2.74...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.2.74...45
c
pe.2.74...30

( )

45 30
0.676 = :=
w
e.J2.74.s
q
p
c
pe.2.74...42
0.656
kN
m
2
= :=
J
3.34
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 18.3m = :=
A 3.34m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.7 := c
pe.10...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...45
0.6 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.2 :=
c
pe.3.34...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.6 = :=
c
pe.3.34...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.938 = :=
c
pe.3.34...42
c
pe.3.34...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.3.34...45
c
pe.3.34...30

( )

45 30
0.668 = :=
w
e.J3.34.s
q
p
c
pe.3.34...42
0.648
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona K
K
13.03
h 10.25m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 13.03m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.3 :=
c
pe.13.03...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.34 = :=
w
e.K13.03.s
q
p
c
pe.13.03...42
0.33
kN
m
2
= :=
K
10.28
h 10.25m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 10.28m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.5 := c
pe.10...45
0.3 :=
c
pe.10.28...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.34 = :=
w
e.K10.28.s
q
p
c
pe.10.28...42
0.33
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona L :
L
10.52
h 10.25m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 10.52m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
1.4 := c
pe.10...45
1.3 :=
c
pe.10.52...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
1.32 = :=
w
e.L10.52.s
q
p
c
pe.10.52...42
1.281
kN
m
2
= :=
L
3.64
h 9.15m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 3.64m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
1.4 := c
pe.10...45
1.3 :=
c
pe.1...45
2 :=
c
pe.1...30
2 :=
c
pe.3.64...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
1.607 = :=
c
pe.3.64...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
1.663 = :=
c
pe.3.64...42
c
pe.3.64...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.3.64...45
c
pe.3.64...30

( )

45 30
1.618 = :=
w
e.L3.64.s
q
p
c
pe.3.64...42
1.571
kN
m
2
= :=
L
2.92
h 9.15m :=
inaltimea acoperisului
b 7.45m :=
latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului)
e min b 2 h , ( ) 7.45m = :=
A 2.92m
2
:=
aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
1.4 := c
pe.10...45
1.3 :=
c
pe.1...45
2 :=
c
pe.1...30
2 :=
c
pe.2.92...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
1.674 = :=
c
pe.2.92...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
1.721 = :=
c
pe.2.92...42
c
pe.2.92...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.2.92...45
c
pe.2.92...30

( )

45 30
1.684 = :=
w
e.L2.92.s
q
p
c
pe.2.92...42
1.634
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona M :
M
14.65
h 10.25m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 25.55m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 20.5m = :=
A 14.65m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.8 := c
pe.10...45
0.8 :=
c
pe.14.65...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.8 = :=
w
e.M14.65.s
q
p
c
pe.14.65...42
0.776
kN
m
2
= :=
M
10.00
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 7.45m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 7.45m = :=
A 10.00m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.8 := c
pe.10...45
0.8 :=
c
pe.10.00...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.8 = :=
w
e.M10.00.s
q
p
c
pe.10.00...42
0.776
kN
m
2
= :=
M
9.30
h 9.15m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 9.45m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 9.45m = :=
A 9.30m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.8 := c
pe.10...45
0.8 :=
c
pe.1...45
1.2 :=
c
pe.1...30
1.2 :=
c
pe.9.30...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.1...45
c
pe.10...45

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.813 = :=
c
pe.9.30...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.1...30
c
pe.10...30

( )
log
A
m
2
|

\
|
|
.
0.813 = :=
c
pe.9.30...42
c
pe.9.30...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.9.30...45
c
pe.9.30...30

( )

45 30
0.813 = :=
w
e.M9.30.s
q
p
c
pe.9.30...42
0.789
kN
m
2
= :=
Zona N :
N
54.49
h 10.25m := inaltimea acoperisului
b 8.65m := latimea cladirii (perpendiculara pe directia vantului) e min b 2 h , ( ) 8.65m = :=
A 54.49m
2
:= aria expusa
Suctiune :
c
pe.10...30
0.2 := c
pe.10...45
0.2 :=
c
pe.54.49...42
c
pe.10...45
45 42 ( ) c
pe.10...45
c
pe.10...30

( )

45 30
0.2 = :=
w
e.N54.49.s
q
p
c
pe.54.49...42
0.194
kN
m
2
= :=
Presiunea vantului, care actioneaza pe invelitoare in zona H58.70, este cea mai semnificativa:
w
e.H58.70.p
0.543
kN
m
2
= pe o suprafata A 58.70m
2
:=
3) Evaluarea incarcarilor utile (SR EN 1991-1-1 ) :
categoria zonei de incarcare( acoperis inaccesibil) : H
incarcarea concentrata : Q
k
1
kN
m
2
:=
incarcarea distribuita: q
k
0.5
kN
m
2
:=
Dimensionarea elementelor sarpantei

lemn
4.2
kN
m
3
:=
clasa de calitate a lemnului C24: ===>
unghiul acoperisului: 42 :=
1) Dimensionarea si verificarea sipcilor
b
s
5cm :=
predimensionare: - latimea sipcii
- inaltimea sipcii
- distanta intre sipci
- distanta intre capriori
h
s
3cm :=
l
s
35cm :=
l
c
75cm :=
determinarea greutatiilor permanente
G
tigla
0.50
kN
m
2
:=
1) invelitoare greutatea la sol/m
2 :
G
k.tigla
G
tigla
cos ( )
0.673
kN
m
2
= :=
greutatea pe un plan inclinat =42
o :
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.tigla
l
s
0.235
kN
m
= :=
greutatea care revine unei sipci :
:
2) greutatea sipcilor
G
k.sipca
b
s
h
s

lemn
6.3 10
3

kN
m
= :=
G
k.perm.y
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.sipca
+
( )
cos ( ) 0.18
kN
m
= :=
G
k.perm.z
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.sipca
+
( )
sin ( ) 0.162
kN
m
= :=
determinarea greutatiilor temporare:
1) zapada s
zapada
0.96
kN
m
2
=
greutatea la sol/m
2 :
greutatea pe un plan inclinat =42
o :
Q
k.zapada
s
zapada
cos ( ) 0.713
kN
m
2
= :=
Q
k.zapada.s
Q
k.zapada
l
s
0.25
kN
m
= :=
greutatea care revine unei sipci :
:
Q
k.zapada.y
Q
k.zapada.s
cos ( ) 0.186
kN
m
= :=
Q
k.zapada.z
Q
k.zapada.s
sin ( ) 0.167
kN
m
= :=
2) vant
presiunea vantului pe invelitoare(actioneaza perpendicular pe suprafata invelitorii) w
e.H58.70.p
0.543
kN
m
2
=
Q
k.vant.y
w
e.H58.70.p
l
s
0.19
kN
m
= :=
Q
k.vant.z
0 l
s
0
kN
m
= :=

G
1.35 :=
Q
1.5 :=
0
0.7 :=
A Starea limita ultima: SLU
cea mai defavorabila situatie (actiunea din vant este mai mare decat cea din zapada pe directia Y)
E
d.y

G
G
k.perm.y

Q
Q
k.vant.y
+
Q

0
Q
k.zapada.y
+ 0.723
kN
m
= :=
cea mai defavorabila situatie (actiunea din zapada este mai mare decat cea din vant pe directia Z)
E
d.z

G
G
k.perm.z

Q
Q
k.zapada.z
+
Q

0
Q
k.vant.z
+ 0.469
kN
m
= :=
M
y
E
d.y
l
c
2

8
0.051 mkN = :=
W
y
b
s
h
s
2

6
7.5 10
6
m
3
= :=

m.y.d
M
y
W
y
6.776 10
3

kN
m
2
= :=
M
z
E
d.z
l
c
2

8
0.033 mkN = := W
z
h
s
b
s
2

6
1.25 10
5
m
3
= :=

m.z.d
M
z
W
z
2.638 10
3

kN
m
2
= :=
pe directia y:
rezistenta caracteristica a lemnului de clasa C24 : f
mk
24
N
mm
2
2.4 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
coeficientul partial de siguranta pentru lemn masiv:
M
1.3 :=
clasa de exploatare 1 (actiunea de scurta durata, pentru lemn masiv): k
mod
0.9 :=
k
h.y
min
150mm
h
s
|

\
|
|
.
0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

1.3 = :=
incovoiere pe Y ===>
f
m.y.d
k
mod
k
h.y

f
mk

M
2.16 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
pe directia y:
rezistenta caracteristica a lemnului de clasa C24 : f
mk
24
N
mm
2
2.4 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
coeficientul partial de siguranta pentru lemn masiv:
M
1.3 :=
clasa de exploatare 1 (actiunea de durata medie , pentru lemn masiv): k
mod
0.8 :=
k
h.z
min
150mm
b
s
|

\
|
|
.
0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

1.246 = :=
incovoiere pe Z ===>
f
m.z.d
k
mod
k
h.z

f
mk

M
1.84 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
sectiune rectangulara ===> k
m
0.7 :=
k
m

m.y.d
f
m.y.d


m.z.d
f
m.z.d
+ 0.363 =
. 1 s
Verifica

m.y.d
f
m.y.d
k
m

m.z.d
f
m.z.d
+ 0.414 =
. 1 s
B Starea limita de exploatare normala SLEN : (SR EN 1995-1-1-2004)
k
def
0.6 :=
clasa de exploatare 1, lemn masiv (tab 3.2/pag31):
momentul de inertie al sipcilor pe y:
I
y
h
s
b
s
3

12
3.125 10
7
m
4
= :=
momentul de inertie al sipcilor pe z:
I
z
b
s
h
s
3

12
1.125 10
7
m
4
= :=
modulul de elasticitate mediu paralel cu fibrele:
E 11
kN
mm
2
1.1 10
7

kN
m
2
= :=
calculul sagetiilor din greutatea permanenta:
P
G.y
G
k.perm.y
0.18
kN
m
= := u
finG.y
5
384
P
G.y
l
c
4

E I
z

1 k
def
+
( )
0.957 mm = :=
P
G.z
G
k.perm.z
0.162
kN
m
= := u
finG.z
5
384
P
G.z
l
c
4

E I
y

1 k
def
+
( )
0.31mm = :=
calculul sagetiilor din actiunea zapezii :
P
zap
s
zapada
cos ( ) l
s
cos ( ) 0.186
kN
m
= :=
P
zap.y
P
zap
cos ( ) 0.138
kN
m
= :=
P
zap.z
P
zap
sin ( ) 0.124
kN
m
= :=

0.1
0.7 := coeficientul pt incarcarea principala, vantul

2.1
0.4 := coeficientul pt incarcarea principala, vantul
u
fin.zap.y
5
384
P
zap.y
l
c
4

E I
z


0.1

2.1
k
def
+
( )
0.432 mm = :=
u
fin.zap.z
5
384
P
zap.z
l
c
4

E I
y

1
2.1
k
def
+
( )
0.185 mm = :=
calculul sagetiilor din actiunea vantului :
P
vant.y
w
e.H58.70.p
l
s
0.19
kN
m
= :=
u
fin.vant.y
5
384
P
vant.y
l
c
4

E I
z

1
2.1
k
def
+
( )
0.785 mm = :=
u
fin
u
finG.y
u
fin.zap.y
+ u
fin.vant.y
+
( )
2
u
finG.z
u
fin.zap.z
+
( )
2
+ 2.229 mm = := . . s u
adm.
l
c
150
5mm = :=
2) Dimensionarea si verificarea capriorilor
b
c
9cm :=
predimensionare: - latimea capriori
- inaltimea capriorii
- distanta intre capriori
- distanta intre sipci
- distanta max de la cosoroaba la pana de varf
h
c
15cm :=
l
c
75cm :=
l
s
35cm :=
d
c
3.725m :=
lungimea maxima a unui caprior
L
c
d
c
0.6m +
cos ( )
5.82m = :=
determinarea greutatiilor permanente
G
tigla
0.50
kN
m
2
:=
1) invelitoare greutatea la sol/m
2 :
G
k.tigla
G
tigla
cos ( )
0.673
kN
m
2
= :=
greutatea pe un plan inclinat =42
o :
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.tigla
l
c
0.505
kN
m
= :=
greutatea care revine unui caprior :
:
2) greutatea sipcilor
G
k.sipca
b
s
h
s
l
c

lemn

1
l
s
0.014
kN
m
= :=
greutatea care revine unui caprior :
:
G
k.caprior
b
c
h
c

lemn
0.057
kN
m
= :=
3) greutatea prorie a unui caprior:
P
Gk.caprior
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.sipca
+ G
k.caprior
+ 0.575
kN
m
= :=
determinarea greutatiilor temporare:
1) zapada
s
zapada
0.96
kN
m
2
=
greutatea la sol/m
2 :
Q
k.zapada
s
zapada
cos ( ) 0.713
kN
m
2
= :=
greutatea pe un plan inclinat =42
o :
Q
k.zapada.c
Q
k.zapada
l
c
0.535
kN
m
= :=
greutatea care revine unui caprior :
:
P
zapada.caprior
Q
k.zapada.c
0.535
kN
m
= :=
2) vant
presiunea vantului pe caprior:
w
e.H58.70.p
0.543
kN
m
2
=
P
vant.caprior
w
e.H58.70.p
l
c
cos ( ) 0.303
kN
m
= :=

G
1.35 :=
Q
1.5 :=
0
0.7 :=
A Starea limita ultima: SLU
cea mai defavorabila situatie (actiunea din vant este mai mare decat cea din zapada pe directia Y)
E
d.caprior

G
P
Gk.caprior

Q
P
zapada.caprior
+
Q

0
P
vant.caprior
+ 1.897
kN
m
= :=
W
caprior
b
c
h
c
2

6
3.375 10
4
m
3
= :=
M
Ed
E
d.caprior
d
c
cos ( )
|

\
|
|
.
2

8
5.957 mkN = :=

m.d
M
Ed
W
caprior
1.765 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
rezistenta caracteristica a lemnului de clasa C24 : f
mk
24
N
mm
2
2.4 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
coeficientul partial de siguranta pentru lemn masiv:
M
1.3 :=
clasa de exploatare 1 (actiunea de scurta durata, pentru lemn masiv): k
mod
0.9 :=
k
h.
min
150mm
h
c
|

\
|
|
.
0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

1 = :=
f
md
k
mod
k
h.

f
mk

M
1.662 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
f
mk
2.4 10
4

kN
m
2
=
modulul de elasticitate mediu pentru lemn masiv E
0.05
7.4
kN
mm
2
7.4 10
6

kN
m
2
= :=

m.crit
0.78 b
c
2

h
c
d
c

E
0.05
8.367 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=

relativ
f
mk

m.crit
0.536 = :=
K
crit
-1 pentru
relat
<=0.75
-1.56-0.75
relat
pentru 0.75<
relat
<=1.4
-1/(
relat)
^2 pentru
relat
>1.4
====> k
crit
1 :=

m.d
k
crit
f
md

1.062 = . 1.03 s
B Starea limita de exploatare normala SLEN : (SR EN 1995-1-1-2004)
k
def
0.6 :=
clasa de exploatare 1, lemn masiv (tab 3.2/pag31):
momentul de inertie pe z:
I
z
b
c
h
c
3

12
2.531 10
5
m
4
= :=
modulul de elasticitate mediu paralel cu fibrele:
E 11
kN
mm
2
1.1 10
7

kN
m
2
= :=
calculul sagetiilor din greutatea permanenta:
P
Gk.caprior
0.575
kN
m
= u
finG.inst
5
384
P
Gk.caprior
d
c
4

E I
z

1 k
def
+
( )
8.281 mm = :=
calculul sagetiilor din actiunea vantului :

2.1
0 := P
vant.caprior
0.303
kN
m
=
u
fin.vant.inst
5
384
P
vant.caprior
d
c
4

E I
z

1
2.1
k
def
+
( )
2.727 mm = :=
P
zapada.caprior
0.535
kN
m
=

0.1
0.7 := coeficientul pt incarcarea principala, zapada

2.1
0.4 := coeficientul pt incarcarea principala, zapada
u
fin.zapada.inst
5
384
P
zapada.caprior
d
c
4

E I
z

1
2.1
k
def
+
( )
5.974 mm = :=
u
fin.inst
u
finG.inst
u
fin.vant.inst
+ u
fin.zapada.inst
+ 16.982 mm = := . . s u
adm
d
c
200
18.625 mm = :=
3) Dimensionarea si verificarea panelor
predimensionare: aleg distanta intre popi t 4.50m :=
l
p
t 2
l
c
2
3.75m = :=
lungimea de calcul a panei
sectiunea panei: b
p
18cm := h
p
18cm :=
determinarea greutatiilor permanente care actioneaza asupra panei prin caprior
G
tigla
0.50
kN
m
2
:=
1) invelitoare greutatea la sol/m
2 :
G
k.tigla
G
tigla
cos ( )
0.673
kN
m
2
= :=
greutatea pe un plan inclinat =42
o :
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.tigla
l
c
d
c
1.88kN = :=
greutatea care revine unui caprior :
:
2) greutatea sipcilor
G
k.sipca
b
s
h
s
l
c

lemn

1
l
s
d
c

cos ( )
0.068 kN = :=
greutatea care revine unui caprior :
:
G
k.caprior
b
c
h
c

lemn
d
c
0.211 kN = :=
3) greutatea prorie a unui caprior:
P
Gk.caprior
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.sipca
+ G
k.caprior
+ 2.159 kN = :=
4) greutatea prorie a unui pane : G
k.pana
b
p
h
p

lemn
0.136
kN
m
= :=
determinarea greutatiilor temporare care actioneaza asupra panei prin caprior
incarcarea din zapada
s
zapada
0.96
kN
m
2
= P
Qk.zapada
s
zapada
cos ( ) l
c
d
c
1.993 kN = :=
incarcarea din vant
suctiune
w
e.J2.74.s
0.656
kN
m
2
= Q
k.vant.s
w
e.J2.74.s
l
c
3
d
c
0.611 m
kN
m
= :=
Q
k.vant.p
w
e.H58.70.p
2 l
c

3
d
c
1.012 m
kN
m
= :=
presiune w
e.H58.70.p
0.543
kN
m
2
=
incarcari utile
Q
k
1kN :=
A Starea limita ultima: SLU

G
1.35 :=
Q
1.5 :=
0
0.7 :=
permanente P
G.caprior
P
Gk.caprior

G
2.914 kN = :=
P
G.caprior.y
P
G.caprior
cos ( ) 2.166 kN = :=
P
G.caprior.z
P
G.caprior
sin ( ) 1.95kN = :=
p
G.pana
G
k.pana

G
0.184 m
kN
m
2
= :=
P
Q.zapada
P
Qk.zapada

Q
2.99kN = :=
zapada
P
Q.zapada.y
P
Q.zapada
cos ( ) 2.222 kN = :=
P
Q.zapada.z
P
Q.zapada
sin ( ) 2kN = :=
vant P
Q.vant
Q
k.vant.s
Q
k.vant.p
+
( )

Q

0
0.421 kN = :=
P
Q.vant.y
P
Q.vant
cos ( ) 0.313 kN = :=
P
Q.vant.z
P
Q.vant
sin ( ) 0.282 kN = :=
utile 1
P
Q.utile
Q
k

Q
1.5kN = :=
P
Q.utile.y
P
Q.utile
cos ( ) 1.115 kN = :=
P
Q.utile.z
P
Q.utile
sin ( ) 1.004 kN = :=
1) Permanente+Zapada+Vant:
M
P.z.1
p
G.pana
P
G.caprior.y
P
Q.zapada.y
+ P
Q.vant.y
+
l
p
7 +
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
2

8
15.746 mkN = :=
M
P.y
P
G.caprior.z
P
Q.zapada.z
+ P
Q.vant.z
+
l
p
7 l
p
2

8
13.887 mkN = :=
2) Permanente+zapada+utile:
M
P.z.2
p
G.pana
P
G.caprior.y
0.7kN
Q
cos ( ) +
l
p
7 +
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
2

8
P
Q.utile.y
l
p

4
+ 11.034 mkN = :=
M
P.y
13.887 mkN =
M
P.z
max M
P.z.1
M
P.z.2
,
( )
15.746 mkN = :=
W
y
h
p
b
p
2

6
9.72 10
4
m
3
= := W
z
b
p
h
p
2

6
9.72 10
4
m
3
= :=

m.d.z
M
P.z
W
z
1.62 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=

m.d.y
M
P.y
W
y
1.429 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
rezistenta caracteristica a lemnului de clasa C24 : f
mk
24
N
mm
2
2.4 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
coeficientul partial de siguranta pentru lemn masiv:
M
1.3 :=
clasa de exploatare 1 (actiunea de durata medie , pentru lemn masiv): k
mod
0.8 :=
k
h.z
min
150mm
b
p
|

\
|
|
.
0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

0.964 = :=
incovoiere pe Z ===>
f
m.z.d
k
mod
k
h.z

f
mk

M
1.424 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
k
h.y
min
150mm
h
p
|

\
|
|
.
0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

0.964 = :=
incovoiere pe Y ===>
f
m.z.d
k
mod
k
h.z

f
mk

M
1.424 10
4

kN
m
2
= :=
modulul de elasticitate mediu pentru lemn masiv E
0.05
7.4
kN
mm
2
7.4 10
6

kN
m
2
= :=

m.crit
0.78 b
p
2

h
p
l
c

E
0.05
1.385 10
6

kN
m
2
= :=

relativ
f
mk

m.crit
0.132 = :=
K
crit
-1 pentru
relat
<=0.75
-1.56-0.75
relat
pentru 0.75<
relat
<=1.4
-1/(
relat)
^2 pentru
relat
>1.4
====>
k
crit
1 :=

m.d.y
k
crit
f
md

0.86 = . 1.03 s . 1.03 s

m.d.z
k
crit
f
md

0.975 =
B Starea limita de exploatare normala SLEN : (SR EN 1995-1-1-2004)
modulul de elasticitate mediu paralel cu fibrele:
E 11
kN
mm
2
1.1 10
7

kN
m
2
= :=
clasa de exploatare 1, lemn masiv (tab 3.2/pag31):
k
def
0.6 :=
permanente P
G.caprior
P
Gk.caprior
2.159 kN = :=
P
G.caprior.y
P
G.caprior
cos ( ) 1.604 kN = :=
P
G.caprior.z
P
G.caprior
sin ( ) 1.444 kN = :=
p
G.pana
G
k.pana
0.136 m
kN
m
2
= :=
P
Q.zapada
P
Qk.zapada
1.993 kN = :=
zapada
P
Q.zapada.y
P
Q.zapada
cos ( ) 1.481 kN = :=
P
Q.zapada.z
P
Q.zapada
sin ( ) 1.334 kN = :=
vant P
Q.vant
Q
k.vant.s
Q
k.vant.p
+
( )
0.401 kN = :=
P
Q.vant.y
P
Q.vant
cos ( ) 0.298 kN = :=
P
Q.vant.z
P
Q.vant
sin ( ) 0.268 kN = :=
utile 1
P
Q.utile
Q
k
1kN = :=
P
Q.utile.y
P
Q.utile
cos ( ) 0.743 kN = :=
P
Q.utile.z
P
Q.utile
sin ( ) 0.669 kN = :=
I
y
h
p
b
p
3

12
8.748 10
5
m
4
= := I
z
b
p
h
p
3

12
8.748 10
5
m
4
= :=
calculul sagetiilor din greutatea permanenta:
u
G.inst.y
5
384
P
G.caprior.y
l
p
p
G.pana
+
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
4

E I
z

1 k
def
+
( )
2.414 mm = :=
u
G.inst.z
5
384
P
G.caprior.z
l
p
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
4

E I
y

1 k
def
+
( )
1.649 mm = :=
calculul sagetiilor din zapada

2.i
0.4 :=
u
zapada.inst.y
5
384
P
Q.zapada.y
l
p
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
4

E I
z

1
2.i
k
def
+
( )
1.311 mm = :=
u
zapada.inst.z
5
384
P
Q.zapada.z
l
p
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
4

E I
y

1
2.i
k
def
+
( )
1.18mm = :=
calculul sagetiilor din vant
2.i
0 :=
0
0.7 :=
u
vant.inst.y
5
384
P
Q.vant.y
l
p
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
4

E I
z


0

2.i
k
def
+
( )
0.149 mm = :=
u
vant.inst.z
5
384
P
Q.vant.z
l
p
|

\
|
|
|
.
l
p
4

E I
y

1
2.i
k
def
+
( )
0.191 mm = :=
u
fin.inst
u
G.inst.y
u
vant.inst.y
+ u
zapada.inst.y
+
( )
2
u
G.inst.z
u
vant.inst.z
+ u
zapada.inst.z
+
( )
2
+ 4.912 mm = :=
. . s u
adm
l
p
200
18.75 mm = :=
4) Dimensionarea si verificarea popi
predimensionare: distanta intre popi t 4.50m :=
h
talpa
10cm :=
inaltimea talpii
sectiunea popului: b
pop
18cm :=
h
pop
18cm :=
inaltimea la coama H 3.77m :=
inaltimea pop H
pop
H h
p

h
c
cos ( )
h
talpa
3.288 m = :=
determinarea greutatiilor permanente care actioneaza asupra popului

lemn
4.2
kN
m
3
=
G
tigla
0.50
kN
m
2
:=
1) invelitoare greutatea la sol/m
2 :
G
k.tigla
G
tigla
cos ( )
0.673
kN
m
2
= :=
greutatea pe un plan inclinat =42
o :
G
k.tigla.pop
2 G
k.tigla

d
c
cos ( )
t 30.352 kN = :=
greutatea care revine unui pop :
:
2) greutatea sipcilor
G
k.sipca.pop
2 b
s
h
s

lemn

1
l
s

\
|
|
.
d
c

cos ( )
t 0.812 kN = :=
greutatea care revine unui pop :
:
3) greutatea capriorilor:
G
k.caprior
2 b
c
h
c

lemn
d
c

( )

cos ( )
t
75cm
3.41kN = :=
P
Gk.caprior
G
k.tigla.s
G
k.sipca
+ G
k.caprior
+ 5.358 kN = :=
4) greutatea prorie a unui pane :
G
k.pana
b
p
h
p

lemn
t 0.612 kN = :=
5) greutatea prorie a unui pop :
G
k.pop
b
pop
h
pop

lemn
H
pop
0.447 kN = :=
greutatea totala
G
k
G
k.tigla.pop
G
k.sipca.pop
+ P
Gk.caprior
+ G
k.pana
+ G
k.pop
+ 37.582 kN = :=
determinarea greutatiilor temporare care actioneaza asupra panei prin caprior
incarcarea din zapada
s
zapada
0.96
kN
m
2
= P
Qk.zapada
2 s
zapada
cos ( )
d
c
cos ( )
t 32.184 kN = :=
incarcarea din vant
Q
k.vant.p
w
e.H58.70.p
cos ( )
d
c
cos ( )
t 9.11m
kN
m
= :=
presiune w
e.H58.70.p
0.543
kN
m
2
=
incarcari utile
Q
k
1kN :=
A Starea limita ultima: SLU

G
1.35 :=
Q
1.5 :=
0
0.7 :=
permanente :
G
d.perm

G
G
k
50.736 kN = :=
temporare :
Q
d.zapada

Q
P
Qk.zapada
48.276 kN = :=
Q
d.vant

Q
Q
k.vant.p
13.665 kN = :=
I
pop
b
pop
h
pop
3

12
8.748 10
5
m
4
= :=
A
pop
b
pop
h
pop
0.032 m
2
= :=
f
c0k
21
N
mm
2
:=
E
0.05
7.4
kN
mm
2
:=
i
I
pop
A
pop
0.052 m = :=
H
pop
i
63.281 = :=

rel

f
c0k
E
0.05
1.073 = := . 0.3 > apare flambaj

c
0.2 := pentru lemn masiv
K
1
0.5 1
c

rel
0.3
( )
+
rel
2
+

1.153 = :=
K
c
1
K
1
K
1
2

rel
2
+
0.635 = :=
6. Determinarea efortului axial

c.0.d
G
d.perm
Q
d.zapada
+ Q
d.vant
+
A
pop
3.478 10
3

kN
m
2
= :=
K
mod
0.9 := clasa de exploatare 1 , incarcari de durata scurta (vant)
f
c.0.k
21
N
mm
2
:=
f
c.0.d
K
mod
f
c.0.k

M
14.538
N
mm
2
= :=
Verificare :

c.0.d
K
c
f
c.0.d

0.377 = . 1 <