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RTU560

Remote Terminal Unit

System Description

Contents:

This document describes the features of the Remote Terminal Unit RTU560 Release 3 concerning the handling of process signal information and communication, parameterization and diagnostics.

Document identity:

1KGT 150 447 V001 1

RTU560 System Description

Revision

Revision

Document identity:

1KGT 150 447 V001 1

Revision:

0

Date: 05/2000

Revision:

1

Date: 02/2001 Extension and revision

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein.

Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

Copyright © 2001 ABB Utility Automation GmbH

Mannheim/Germany

Revision

RTU560 System Description

RTU560 System Description

Contents

Contents

ABBREVIATIONS

1

1 APPLICATION AND FEATURES

1-1

1.1 Application

1-1

1.2 Features

1-3

2 SYSTEM OVERVIEW

2-1

2.1 System Concept

2-1

2.2 Software structure

2-2

2.3 I/O Bus system

2-3

2.4 RTU560 Configuration Types

2-5

2.5 Redundancy

2-6

2.5.1 Redundant power supply in communication

2-6

2.5.2 Redundant CMUs

2-6

3 COMMUNICATION

3-1

3.1 General

3-1

3.2 Host communication interfaces

3-3

3.3 Sub-Device Communication Interface

3-5

4

RTUTIL NT

4-1

4.1 Basics

4-1

4.2 System requirements

4-1

4.3 RTUtil NT Structure

4-2

4.4 General Data Structuring and View

4-3

4.5 General Tree Structure

4-4

5 BOARDS AND MECHANICS

5-1

5.1

General Boards of the RTU560

5-1

5.1.1 Communication and Processing Unit 560SLI01/02

5-1

5.1.2 Communication and Processing Unit 560ETH01/02

5-3

5.1.3 Bus Connection Unit 560BCU01

5-5

5.1.4 Bus Connection Unit 560BCU02

5-6

5.1.5 Bus Connection Unit 560BCU03

5-7

5.1.6 Power Supply Unit 560PSU01

5-8

5.1.7 Power Supply Unit 23NG24

5-9

5.1.8 Real Time Clock 560RTC01

5-10

5.1.9 Real Time Clock 560RTC02

5-11

Contents

RTU560 System Description

5.1.10 Modem 23WT21

5-12

5.1.11 Modem 23WT22

5-12

5.1.12 Fibre Optic Coupler 23OK22

5-13

5.1.13 Mains Adapter 23VG23

5-15

5.1.14 Mains Adapter 23VG24

5-16

5.2 Input / Output Boards 5-17

5.2.1

Time Management on the I/O Boards

5-17

Board Design

5-17

5.2.3 Software Organization

5-18

5.2.4 Analog Output Board 23AA20

5-18

5.2.5 Analog Input Board 23AE21

5-20

5.2.6 Binary Output Board 23BA20

5-21

5.2.7 Binary Output Board 23BA22

5-23

5.2.8 Command Output 23BA30

5-25

5.2.9 Binary Input Board 23BE21

5-26

5.2.10 Binary Input 23BE30 5-27

5.3 Mechanical Construction 5-28

5.3.1 Assembly variants 5-29

5.3.2 Communication subrack 560CSR01

5-30

5.3.3 Extension Mounting Panel 23TP21

5-31

5.3.4 Extension Subrack 23ET23

5-32

5.3.5 Cabinet and Housing Types

5-33

6 TELECONTROL FUNCTIONS

6-1

6.1 General

6-1

6.2 Monitoring Direction

6-3

6.2.1 Indication Processing

6-3

6.2.2 Functions

6-4

6.3 Analog Measured Value Processing

6-5

6.3.1 Analog Measured Value Types

6-5

6.3.2 Functions

6-6

6.4 Digital Measured Value Processing

6-7

6.4.1

Functions

6-9

6.5 Integrated Total Processing

6-10

6.5.1 Integrated Total Value Types

6-10

6.5.2 Functions

6-11

6.6 Bitstring Input Value Processing

6-12

6.6.1

Bitstring Value Presentation

6-12

6.7 Command Direction

6-13

6.7.1 Object Commands

6-14

6.7.2 Single Object Command Output

6-15

6.7.3 Double Object Command Output

6-16

6.8 Regulation Step Command Output

6-20

6.8.1 Retrigger of Regulation Commands

6-20

6.8.2 Setpoint Messages

6-21

6.9 Bitstring Output

6-22

6.10 RTU560 Time Synchronization

6-23

RTU560 System Description

Contents

 

6.10.1 Time Synchronization Principle

6-23

6.10.2 Time Synchronization via the Telecontrol Line

6-25

6.10.3 Time Synchronization by Means of DCF 77 / GPS Receiver

6-25

6.10.4 Time Synchronization by Means of an External Minute Pulse

6-25

6.11

PLC Development System

6-26

6.11.1 Components of the Development System

6-26

6.11.2 MULTIPROG wt

6-27

6.11.3 PLC Performance Data

6-28

7 STATUS AND DIAGNOSTIC INFORMATION

7-1

7.1 Status and Error Report to NCC

7-1

7.2 Web-Server Diagnosis

7-1

7.2.1 System Diagnosis

7-1

7.2.2 Status Information

7-2

7.3 LEDs, Alarm and Warning

7-3

7.3.1 LED Signalling

7-3

7.3.2 RTU560 Alarm and Warning Relays

7-3

7.3.3 LED Indications

7-3

8 TECHNICAL DATA

8-1

RTU560 System Description

Abbreviations

Abbreviations

AMI

Analog Measured value Input

ASO

Analog Setpoint command Output

BCU

Bus Connection Unit

BSI

Bit String Input (8, 16 bit)

CMU

Communication and Data Processing Unit

CS

Control System

CSC

Command Supervision Channel

CS-Command

Clock Synch Command

DCO

Double Command Output

DMI

Digital Measured value Input (8, 16 bit)

DPI

Double Point Input

DSO

Digital Setpoint command Output (8, 16 bit)

EPI

Event of Protection equipment Input (1bit)

GCD

General Configuration Data

HCI

Host Communication Interface

IED

Intelligent Electronic Device

IOC

I/O Controller (Controller on I/O Board)

IOD

Input Output Data

IOM

I/O Bus Master (Function of SLC)

ITI

Integrated Totals Input

MFI

Analog Measured value Floating Input

MPU

Main Processing Unit

NCC

Network Control Center

PB

Peripheral Bus

PBP

Peripheral Bus Processor

PDP

Process Data Processing

PLC

Programmable Logic Control

PPP

Point to Point Protocol

Abbreviations

RTU560 Function Description

PSU

Power Supply Unit

RCO

Regulation step Command Output

RTC

Real Time Clock

SBO

Select before Operate

SCADA

Supervision, Control and Data Acquisition

SCI

Sub-Device Communication Interface

SCO

Single Command Output

SEV

System Events

SLC

Serial Line Controller

SOC

Strobe Output Channel

SPI

Single Point Input

STI

Step position Input (8 bit)

TSI

Time Synch Input

TSO

Time Synch Output

1 Application and Features

1.1

Application

The task to monitor and control the transportation network for energy to reach an economical operation control requests an ongoing penetration of the network down to the lowest levels. The increasing requirements to the availability of energy and their distribution and transportation also increases the demands on the control systems. Improved and new communication possibilities with a higher transmission bandwidth and new transmission media allows the telecontrol technology to realize these tasks.

The RTU560 is required to be configurable to nearly all demands made on remote stations in networks for electricity, gas, oil, water or district heating.

Station Control Telecontrol Center(s) IEC 60870-5-104 WAN IEC 60870-5-104 IEC 60870-5-101 IEC 60870-5-101 DNP 3.0
Station Control
Telecontrol Center(s)
IEC 60870-5-104
WAN
IEC 60870-5-104
IEC 60870-5-101
IEC 60870-5-101
DNP 3.0
DNP 3.0
IEC 60870-5-104
RTU 560
IEC 60870-5-103
IEC 60870-5-101
IEC 60870-5-101
DNP 3.0
DNP 3.0
SPABus
Modbus
IED
Process
IED
IED
Sub-RTU
Marshalling Rack
Protection and
IED
Control Units

Figure 1-1:

Protection and

Control Units

Typical configuration of a telecontrol system

Application and Features

RTU560 System Description

The RTU560 is using one set of communication units and I/O boards for all kinds of applications - starting with a configuration with some I/O boards and one communication unit for a small pump station or ring main unit station over medium size stations for distribution up to large stations on transmission level with all kinds of extensions.

Engineering the process signals of the RTU560 is done by means of only one tool 'RTUtil NT' for all sizes of stations. In the same way RTUtil NT also supports process signal routing from a small station on the lowest level up to the network control center (NCC) level, especially when the signals are routed via other RTU560 stations, operating as routers. This includes the conversion from a telecontrol protocol 'A' to another telecontrol protocol 'B' used on the next level. For example from DNP 3.0 to IEC 870-5- 104. At the end RTUtil NT generates all the files requested to run the RTU560 units. The files can be downloaded into the stations via the communication line or via INTRANET using WEB browser technology. In the first case the telecontrol protocol used must support file transfer (e.g. IEC 870-5-101 / 104).

RTU560 System Description

Application and Features

1.2

Features

The telecontrol system RTU560 also supports the extended transmission possibilities. Beside the acquisition and processing of the directly connected station process signals, the telecontrol system RTU560 is designed for the link of serial communication routes within the station as well to the higher control level. This can be another RTU560 router station or a network control center. Within the station it is the connection of other existing additional control, protection or monitoring devices (Intelligent Electronic Devices = IED) via serial interfaces.

The RTU560 concept allows the economical adaptation to the requested, different serial links by cascading the Communication and Processing Units (main CPUs) according to the number of needed interfaces.

Essential features of the telecontrol system RTU560:

High functional scope for telecontrol applications

Flexible configuration for small stations with few process data points up to large process stations with several thousand process data points

Large expandability to connect serial communication interfaces in all directions

Redundancy features for the communication subrack with central control boards and power supply

Compact design

Small number of different hardware units

High availability

Easy engineering of the single process station as well as for stations in a telecontrol network for the engineering and signal routing up to the network control level.

Extended diagnostic features by WEB browser technology

PLC Functions

Application and Features

RTU560 System Description

Process data signals

Process data acquisition is done by means of the I/O board family already used and proven in the RTU200 and RTU232. In the RTU560 the total number of usable I/O boards is increased by running up to four peripheral bus segments in parallel. Two peripheral bus segments will be supported by one communication unit. This allows an overall directly and indirectly connected I/O capacity for the RTU560 of:

max. 4 peripheral bus segments

max. 6 I/O subracks per peripheral bus segment

max. 24 I/O subracks per RTU560

max. 24 x 19 = 456 different I/O boards

overall capacity of 5000 direct and indirect connected process signal data points per RTU560

Within that range any number of different I/O signal types is possible. Their number may be limited by the addressing capacity of the telecontrol protocol used.

This total number of 5000 I/O points also includes the process signals which are defined by connected IEDs and / or connected sub-RTUs. The RTU560 used as a router also has the task to support each directly and indirectly connected process signal to the network control level with the status and value. Therefore all signals shall be processed in one common process signal database.

RTU560 System Description

Application and Features

Process data signal types and functions

Irrespective of the signal source the RTU560 handles the following process signal data types:

Binary input signals

Single indications

Double indications

Digital measured values; word length = 8 bit

Digital measured values; word length = 16 bit

Incremental totals in form of pulse counters

Bitstring input values

Binary output signals

Object (switching) commands 1-pole

Object commands 1.5-pole; including (1-out-of-n) check

Object commands 2-pole; including (1-out-of-n) check

Regulation step commands 1- or 2-pole

Bitstring output values

Analog input signals

Analog output signals

Setpoint commands; including strobe

The RTU560 has the following main processing features:

Time tagged events with 1 ms time resolution

Monitoring of double point information

Sequence of event queue

Acquisition of pulse counters for integrated totals

Archive for integrated totals

Command handling with or without (1 out of n) check

Select before operate sequence

Time synchronization with GPS or DCF 77 time standard

Application and Features

RTU560 System Description

Support of communication links

The key advantage of the RTU560 concept is the modular design of the serial communication links. It starts with one communication unit which includes already the capability for up to four serial links and ends up in a configuration with 2 communication subracks.

The RTU560 is designed for the following communication capabilities:

max. 2 communication subracks

each subrack with max. 8 communication units

max. 8 host interfaces to NCC etc.

max. 60 serial interfaces for / to:

max. 4 peripheral bus segments

sub-RTUs

all kinds of IEDs

2 System Overview

2.1 System Concept

The RTU560 is structured into two main components:

The central communication component in the communication subrack or in one of the I/O subracks

The I/O signal component in the I/O subracks

The communication subrack contains – in addition to the power supplies – the configured main CPU boards and optional a real-time clock board.

The I/O subracks and the I/O boards have been taken over from the proven RTU232 system family. The I/O subracks are linked via the proven peripheral bus to the main CPU boards, which run the telecontrol application software for the directly connected I/O signals. The I/O signal concept is based on I/O boards with microcontrollers in order to preprocess the signals directly on the board.

in order to preprocess the signals directly on the board. Figure 2-1: Communication subrack of the

Figure 2-1:

Communication subrack of the RTU560A

System Overview

RTU560 System Description

The software and hardware concepts are based on modularity. The software application tasks can be organized in such a way as to be distributed over different central CPU boards. This is possible due to an internal communication concept that keeps all CPU boards informed about the contents of the process data interface. A copy of the system database is available for each central CPU board. The internal communication system ensures that all process data are consistent. The different CPU boards run the communication tasks for the connected serial links. This procedure defines which and how many different communication links are running on one CPU board. System performance depends on the configuration of the CPU boards which allows a cost optimized or performance optimized configurations of the communication subrack.

2.2 Software structure

The high processing performance of the RTU560 Remote Terminal Unit is accomplished by the efficient distribution of the tasks to the communication and processing units (CMU) and the microcontrollers on the I/O boards.

Each of the input/output boards has its own input/output microcontroller (IOC) which supports the basic input/output functions of the board.

The CMUs have various tasks:

Communication with the network control center(s)

Communication with subordinated devices

Updating of the data base for the process signals, handling of the SCADA functions which are not performed by the I/O-boards

The different processors of a CMU (MPU and SLC) can work independently of each other and are decoupled from each other via shared memories. Different CMUs can handle different tasks independently and communicate with each other via the internal system bus. By this means optimal execution of the individual tasks is accomplished.

The program system of the RTU560 remote terminal unit is of modular design and consists of the following program types:

Microcontroller programs

Standard programs

Application programs

The microcontroller programs of the boards are optimized to the components and for the defined functions. They are an integral part of the boards.

The standard programs written in C programming language cover the programs for all telecontrol functions, for system monitoring, time management and for the handling of the process data base.

The 32 bit operating system used in RTU560 is VxWorks ® (Wind River Systems).

The PLC programs for the tasks of station automation functions are cyclically executed by the optionally installed PLC software.

RTU560 System Description

Application and Features

Local I/O

and

Process Data

Processing

Communi-

cation

Protocols

System

Control

PLC

Function

and

Diagnosis

Hardware

Networking

PC-Card

Drivers

File

Systems

FTP

Server

Web

Server

Device

Drivers

VxWorks ® Real Time Operating System

Figure 2-2:

Software structure of RTU560

2.3 I/O Bus system

Application

Software

Standard

Software

Packages

Operating

System

The input/output boards are connected to one or two main CMUs by means of a bus system which consists of one to four serial I/O bus segments.

The serial I/O buses connect the extension subracks to one ore more of the main CMUs. The transmission speed on the serial I/O buses is 19200 Bit/s. The serial RS-485 bus allows a maximum length of approx. 1000m in consideration of the electrical specifications and noise fields like equipotential bonding, EMC conditions etc. as they are described in the RS-485 standard.

In configurations with decentralized extension subracks it will be advantageous to use fibre optic cables for the serial system bus to reduce inductive and capacitive interferences. As interface the fiber optic coupler board 23OK22 is used on both ends of the cable. Dependent on the type of the fiber optic cable distances of up to 2600 meters can be realized.

System Overview

RTU560 System Description

Network Control Centers

CMU CMU CMU CMU RTU560 System Bus CMU CMU CMU CMU I/O Boards IED Sub-RTU
CMU
CMU
CMU
CMU
RTU560 System Bus
CMU
CMU
CMU
CMU
I/O Boards
IED
Sub-RTU
IED
I/O Boards
IED
Sub-RTU
IED
I/O Boards
I/O Boards

Figure 2-3:

RTU560 Hardware concept

RTU560 System Description

Application and Features

2.4 RTU560 Configuration Types

Depending on where the RTU560 is used, it is not always necessary to support multiple communication links. The RTU560 concept allows the configuration of two types of RTU.

The Standard RTU560A

The Compact RTU560C

The RTU560C, which does not use the central communication subrack, allows a maximum of two main CMU boards to be plugged into a standard I/O subrack. The standard version is one main CMU board with one or two links to the NCC(s) or one NCC link and one link for IEDs. The residual part of the I/O subrack can be used for I/O boards. The Compact RTU560 also supports the full volume of I/O boards distributed over the I/O bus segments.

If more communication lines are required, the RTU560A must be used. RTU560A built up by
If more communication lines are required, the RTU560A must be used. RTU560A built up
by one or two central communication subracks with their full range of flexibility and
configuration capabilities and I/O subracks for the I/O boards.
431
2
OFF
560SLI01
560SLI01
23NG24
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BE21
23BA20
23BA20
23BA20
Tx Rx CE
Tx Rx
CE
A
A
5 V
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
B
B
PST
PST
PST
1
1
24
V
2
2
1 1
9
9
1
9
1
9
1 1
9
1 1
9
1
9
9
9
1
9
1
9
1
9
2 2
10
10
2
10
2
10
2 2
10
2 2
10
10
2
10
10
2
10
2
10
2
10
MMI
MMI
3 3
11
11
3
11
3
11
3 3
11
3 3
11
3
11
11
11
3
11
3
11
3
11
A
A
UE +
4 4
12
12
4
12
4
12
4 4
12
4 4
12
12
4
12
12
4
12
4
12
4
12
5 13 5
13
5
13
5
13
5 5
13
5 5
13
13
5
13
13
5
13
5
13
5
13
UE -
B
B
6 6
14
14
6
14 6
14
6 6
14
6 6
14
14
6
14
14
6
14
6
14
6
14
PE
7 7
15
15
7
15 7
15
7 7
15
7 7
15
15
7
15
15
7
15
7
15
7
15
8 8
16
16
8
16 8
16
8 8
16
8 8
16
16
8
16
16
8
16
8
16
8
16
1
1
ON
CO
CO
CO
3
3
OFF

Figure 2-4:

Main rack of RTU560C

System Overview

RTU560 System Description

2.5

Redundancy

The availability of a station is a top priority. RTU560 supports this demand by a redundancy concept with a different steps:

2.5.1 Redundant power supply in communication subracks.

It is possible to place two redundant power supplies in the central communication subrack. If one power supply fails, the second one takes over the complete supply of the communication subrack.

2.5.2 Redundant CMUs

It is possible to add redundant CMUs into an RTU560 communication subrack. It is possible to double all CMUs or only some CMUs. The redundant RTU560 is split into an active working part and a standby part. If the standby part detects a failure (internal operation error missing of a CMU board) of the active part it deactivates the active system and takes over the task of the active system. The now active system starts with initialization and update of the complete process information.

Control Center 10 MB Ethernet LAN RTU560 Power Power CMU CMU CMU CMU CMU Supply
Control
Center
10 MB Ethernet LAN
RTU560
Power
Power
CMU
CMU
CMU
CMU
CMU
Supply
A1
A2
B1
B2
3
System Bus
Supply
1
2
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
Subrack
Subrack
Subrack
Subrack
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
Subrack
Subrack
Subrack
Subrack
I/O
I/O
IED
IED
Subrack
Subrack
IED
IED
IED
IED
IED
Figure 2-5:
Configuration example with redundant power supplies, redundant
CPUs and redundant communication lines

3

Communication

3.1

General

The practical handling of the different communication protocols running on one main CMU board is defined as follows:

Max. two different protocols to the NCC or to the sub-RTUs or IEDs e.g. IEC 870-5-101 to the NCC and IEC 870-5-103 to support protection relays

Two peripheral bus segments with a maximum of 2x6 I/O subracks

With a maximum of sixteen CPU boards, the possibility is given for a total of 32 communication lines with different protocols.

The internal process database contains all process objects. This includes the directly connected I/O signals via I/O boards and the process signals coming from the IEDs and from the sub-RTUs all the information from the process database can be provided for NCC communication.

Examples of communication protocols provided with RTU560:

Host communication (HCI) interfaces towards the NCC or router RTUs

IEC 60870-5-101

slave

IEC 60870-5-104

slave

DNP 3.0.

slave

Subdevice communication (SCI) Interfaces to subordinated devices (sub-RTUs and IEDs)

IEC 60870-5-101

master

IEC 60870-5-103

master

Communication

RTU560 System Description

Network Control Center Station Control IEC 60870-5-104 WAN IEC 60870-5-104 IEC 60870-5-1010 IEC 60870-5-101 DNP
Network Control Center
Station Control
IEC 60870-5-104
WAN
IEC 60870-5-104
IEC 60870-5-1010
IEC 60870-5-101
DNP 3.0
DNP 3.0
IEC 60870-5-104
HCI
HCI
HCI
RTU560
IC
SCI
PDP
SCI
SCI
IEC 60870-5-101
SPABus
IEC 60870-5-103
DNP 3.0
Modbus
IEC 60870-5-101
IED
Sub-RTU
Process
IED
IED
Marshalling Rack
IED
Protection and
Control Units
Protection and
Control Units
Figure 3-1:
RTU560 Network

RTU560 System Description

Communication

3.2 Host communication interfaces

The RTU560 allows the communication up to eight different NCCs by using the serial interfaces of 560SLI01 CMU or serial and Ethernet interfaces from the 560ETH01 CMU. The configuration of the interfaces as host and communication lines with their protocols is completely done in RTUtil NT. There are no hardware switches to configure the interfaces.

For detailed information and protocol specific restrictions see the host communication interface of the protocol.

The assignment of UART host protocols to the serial interfaces is totally free. There are no dependencies between the different protocols on one CMU. The only restriction is the number of communication protocols offered in one firmware package.

Protocols not using UART are restricted to the interfaces CPA and CPB on the CMU 560SLI01 and 560ETH01.

Ethernet and TCP/IP based protocols could only be used with the Ethernet interface on the 560ETH01 CMU.

Monitoring Direction

All active NCCs get any message that is created in the RTU560. Also any message that comes from a substation and could be translated between the protocols is sent to the activated NCCs.

To avoid transmission of certain data points on certain HCIs, a filter can be set in the configuration for these data points.

In Monitoring Direction the following RTU560 information types are translated into protocol specific telegrams:

Single Point Information

SPI

Double Point Information

DPI

Step Position Information

STI

Bit String Information

BSI

Integrated Totals

ITI

Digital Measured Information

DMI

Analog Measured Information

AMI

RTU information qualifier (Blocked, Substituted, Not Topical Invalid) can translated into the protocol if supported.

Communication

RTU560 System Description

Command Direction

Commands to the RTU560 are accepted by all central systems in the same way. There is no restriction to the number of different commands that can be handled at a time in the RTU560. The acknowledgement of a command will be sent to every NCC (if supported by the protocol).

In Command Direction the protocol specific telegrams are translated into the following RTU560 information types:

SCO

Single Command Output

DCO Double Command Output

Analog Setpoint Output

ASO

Digital Setpoint Output

DSO

Bitstring Output

BSO

General Interrogation

The HCI contains a database with the actual state of the process data objects and the state of the objects from sub-stations. A general interrogation command is answered directly from HCI with the entries of this database.

RTU560 System Description

Communication

3.3 Sub-Device Communication Interface

The SCI supports various communication protocols. The protocol specific configuration parameters are described in additional documents.

The configuration of the SCI and communication lines with their protocols is completely done in RTUtil NT. There are no hardware switches to configure the interfaces.

The SCI can manage up to 32 devices per line. In a RTU560 it is possible to have up to 60 sub-lines.

For detailed information and protocol specific restrictions see the Sub-Device communication interface of the protocol.

The assignment of UART sub-protocols to the serial interfaces is totally free. There are no dependencies between the different protocols on one CMU. The only restriction is the number of communication protocols offered in one firmware package. Not all existing protocols can be combined on one CMU board. Only certain combinations of protocols are possible.

Protocols not using UART are restricted to the interfaces CPA and CPB on the CMU 560SLI01 and 560ETH01.

Ethernet and TCP/IP based protocols can only be used with the Ethernet interface on the 560ETH01 CMU.

Monitoring Direction

In Monitoring Direction the protocol specific telegrams are translated into the following RTU560 information types.

Single Point Information

SPI

Double Point Information

DPI

Step Position Information

STI

Bit String Information

BSI

Integrated Totals

ITI

Digital Measured Information

DMI

Analog Measured Information

AMI

If the specific protocol supports qualifiers they will be translated into the RTU560 information qualifiers (Blocked, Substituted, Not Topical, Invalid).

Communication

RTU560 System Description

Command Direction

In Command Direction the following RTU560 command types are translated into protocol specific telegrams:

SCO

Single Command Output

DCO Double Command Output

Analog Setpoint Output

ASO

Digital Setpoint Output

DSO

Bitstring Output

BSO

4 RTUtil NT

4.1 Basics

The basic topics of RTUtil NT are:

Configuration and data engineering tool for RTU560 projects

The user interface is structured according to the principles of IEC 1346-1

MS Windows NT 4.0 platform

The User Interface of RTUtil NT is an application based on the Microsoft standard presentation format

Documentation of all project steps

External data interface concept

Multilingual tool (user interface and help files)

Delivery version with setup, installation and uninstallation program on CD-ROM

4.2 System requirements

The performance requirements for the data engineering tool RTUtil NT, particularly the free disc space, depends on the project size. Basic requirements are:

Operating system: MS Windows NT 4.0

Memory: 64 MB RAM

Processor: Pentium class

Hard disc: > 200MB free disc space

Hard lock: dongle

RTUtil NT

RTU560 System Description

4.3 RTUtil NT Structure

RTUtil NT enables the user to control the whole engineering process of an RTU based system. All configuration data is managed from RTUtil NT. To do so several functional concepts for data storage, structuring and presentation are needed.

To meet the requirements the internal software structure of RTUtil NT is split up into different function parts as shown in the figure below.

RTUtil NT

User Document Plausibility Download Excel PLC Interface Generator Check Tool Interface Interface (UI) (DG)
User
Document
Plausibility
Download
Excel
PLC
Interface
Generator
Check
Tool
Interface
Interface
(UI)
(DG)
(PC)
(DT)
(EI)
(PI)
Database
(DB)

Figure 4-1: Overview RTUtil NT components

RTU560 System Description

Communication

4.4 General Data Structuring and View

The general view of the user on the engineering data is implemented on the basis of international Standard IEC 1346-1. This standard describes the structuring principles and reference designations for industrial systems, installations and equipment.

In the user interface this standard is presented in trees showing the RTU from different points of view. To describe the whole process the view is split up into three trees. IEC 1346-1 defines how to split up a system (function-, product- and location-oriented structure).

The user interface structure offers three trees to describe the system structure usually used for an RTU.

NetworkTree

The NetworkTree shows the lines and protocols for routing the data points through the network.

SignalTree

In the SignalTree the location and designation of signals are shown. The signal location describes the place of the data points in the primary process.

HardwareTree

The HardwareTree presents the structure of an RTU with the levels cabinet, rack, board and the reference to the data points defined in SignalTree.

The structuring in trees provides a common presentation format and a general user interface of the RTU data and the environment.

RTUtil NT

RTU560 System Description

4.5 General Tree Structure

The following example shows the implementation of the structuring principles according to IEC 1346-1. In the picture Network - RTU - Process the project views down to the RTU internal configuration are shown. This is only a small example of an RTU network. RTU 01 is the concentrator station in this network. The right side of the picture shows the electrical process (one bay in a station, with the double point indication Q0). This scenario will be built up in the three trees: NetworkTree, SignalTree, HardwareTree.

04 Plant Ladenburg 110kV CS 1 CS 2 Line 2 Line 2 Line 1 Line
04 Plant Ladenburg 110kV
CS 1
CS 2
Line 2
Line 2
Line 1
Line 1
Rack TP 1, Segment 1
Rack TP 2, Segmen
RTU 01
Com Subrack 560CSR01
23 NG
560SLI01
560SLI01
23 Tx Rx
C E
Tx 1 Rx C
E
5V
1
Line 3
24V
Line 4
2 1 MMI
2 1 MMI
A 2
A 2
UP
B A
B A
On
B
B
Q0
Off
RTU 11
RTU 21
Peripherie Bus Line, Segment 1
Rack TP 1, Segment 2
Rack TP 2, Segment 2
Line 3
SPAx 1
Line 4
RTU 12
Line 5
Peripherie BusLine, Segment2
SPAx 2
21.03 MW
SPAx 2

Figure 4-2: Network - RTU - Process

The root node of a tree is similar to the tree type (e. g. SignalTree, HardwareTree).

The NetworkTree is the representation of the network structure. The concentrator RTU 01 is chosen as root node in the NetworkTree because the concentrator RTU is normally a unique starting point in an RTU station network. The hosts (central systems) are represented below the root RTU.

In the SignalTree the electrical process is structured and the names of the single point indications are defined. The name for every data point is derived from the structure of the electrical process.

Some nodes have different locations of presentation (references) in several trees. These nodes are the line and station nodes from the NetworkTree and the data point nodes from the SignalTree. The line and station nodes have references in the HardwareTree and in the NetworkTree. The data point nodes have references in the HardwareTree and in the SignalTree.

The HardwareTree describes the internal structure of the station nodes (e. g. RTU 01). The RTU and Line node types in the HardwareTree are linked nodes from the NetworkTree. The double point indication Q0 in the electrical process in the SignalTree shall be linked with a binary input board in the HardwareTree.

5 Boards and Mechanics

5.1 General Boards of the RTU560

5.1.1 Communication and Processing Unit 560SLI01/02

The serial line interface 560SLI01/02 is one of the CMU boards (CMU = communication unit) of the remote terminal unit RTU560.

The essential tasks are:

Managing and controlling of the I/O boards via up to two interfaces to the RTU peripheral bus.

Reading process events from the input boards

Writing commands to the output boards

Serial communication with up to four control centers

Managing the time base for the RTU560 station and synchronizing the I/O boards

Handling the dialogue with RTU560s PC based data engineering and diagnostic tool RTUtil NT via the MMI interface

Within RTU560s communication subrack 560CSR01 the board occupies two slots. It contacts itself via a DIN F socket connector to the communication subrack.

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

RTU System Bus Serial Interface RS232 / RS422 1 2 RTU Bus Controller UART MPU
RTU System Bus
Serial Interface
RS232 / RS422
1
2
RTU Bus
Controller
UART
MPU Processor Bus
MPU
RAM/Flash
UART
NS486
Memory
MMI
RAM
SLC
A
B

Serial Interfaces RS485 / RS232

(RTU560 I/O Bus)

Figure 5-1: Communication Unit 560SLI01/02

The two microprocessors are the essential hardware parts of the sharing the tasks.

MPU 32 Bit Main Processing Unit

SLC

8 Bit Serial Line Interface

The MPU 32 bit main processing unit manages the serial interfaces CP1, CP2 (RS232/RS422, serial interfaces CPA, CPB (RS485/RS232) and MMI.

The SLC 8 bit serial line controller handles the time base for the I/O boards and synchronizes them periodically.

The serial communication interfaces CP1, CP2 are designed to RS232C and RS422 standard (software selectable).

The serial communication interfaces CPA and CPB are designed to RS232C and RS485 standard (software selectable).

The MMI interface connector (RS232C) is integrated in the board's front plate. It is the MPU interface to the utility RTUtil NT.

Further information:

Data Sheet 560SLI01/02 Publication No. 1KGT 150 420 / 1KGT 150 477

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.1.2 Communication and Processing Unit 560ETH01/02

The Ethernet unit 560ETH01/02 is one of the CMU boards (CMU = communication unit) of the remote terminal unit.

The essential tasks are:

Managing and controlling of the I/O boards via up to two interfaces to the RTU peripheral bus.

Reading process events from the input boards

Writing commands to the output boards

Communications with control centers and local MMI systems via the implemented Ethernet 10Base2 LAN interface

Managing the time base for the RTU560 station and synchronizing the I/O boards

Handling the dialogue with RTU560s PC based data engineering and diagnostic tool RTUtil NT via MMI interface

Within RTU560s communication subrack 560CSR01 the board occupies two slots. It connects via a DIN F socket connector to the communication subrack.

RTU System Bus 10 MB Ethernet LAN RTU Bus Ethernet Controller Controller MPU Processor Bus
RTU System Bus
10 MB Ethernet LAN
RTU Bus
Ethernet
Controller
Controller
MPU Processor Bus
MPU
RAM/Flash
UART
NS486
Memory
MMI
RAM
SLC
A
B

Figure 5-2:

Serial Interfaces RS485 / RS232

(e.g. RTU 560 I/O bus)

Communication and Processing Unit 560ETH01/02

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

The two microprocessors are the essential hardware parts of the board, sharing the tasks.

MPU 32 Bit Main Processing Unit

SLC

8 Bit Serial Line Interface

The MPU 32 bit main processing unit manages the serial interfaces CPA, CPB (RS485/RS232) and MMI.

The SLC 8 bit serial line controller handles the time base for the I/O boards and synchronizes them periodically.

The serial communication interfaces CPA and CPB are designed acc. to RS232C and RS485 standard (software selectable).

The MMI interface connector (RS232C) is integrated in the board's front plate. It is the MPU interface to the utility RTUtil NT.

Further information Data Sheet 560ETH01/02 Publication No.1KGT 150 413 / 1KGT 150 475

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.1.3 Bus Connection Unit 560BCU01

The bus connection unit 560BCU01 is designed to make the RTU560 system bus signals from the 560CSR01 accessible to the outside and make a connection to a second

560CSR01.

ALARM (ALR) and WARNING (WRN) are signalled to the outside with relay contacts.

An external minute impulse may be connected via an optocoupler. The filtered internal minute impulse is outputted as 24 V impulse.

Using the 9-pole Sub D connector, the SEB (SEB = system extension bus) is connected to a second bus connection unit 560BCU01.

The 560BCU01 may be used only in a communication sub rack 560CSR01.

backplane connector TSI + TSI retriggering monoflop TSI - ATR 30 s ALR ≥≥≥≥ 1
backplane connector
TSI +
TSI
retriggering
monoflop
TSI -
ATR
30 s
ALR
≥≥≥≥
1
+24 V
WRN
≥≥≥≥ 1
+24 V
TSO
SEB
suBmetysSUTR

Figure 5-3:

Bus Connection Unit 560BCU01

Alarm 1

Alarm 2

Warning 1

Warning 2

TSO +

Further information: Data Sheet 560BCU01 Publication No. 1KGT 150 408

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.1.4 Bus Connection Unit 560BCU02

The bus connection unit 560BCU02 is designed to make the RTU560 system bus signals accessible to the outside.

ALARM (ALR) and WARNING (WRN) are signalled to the outside with relay contacts.

An external minute impulse may be connected via an optocoupler. The filtered internal minute impulse is outputted as 24 V impulse.

The 560BCU02 may only be used in the 23TP21.

With this board two RTU560 communication boards 560SLI01 and/or 560ETH01 are usable within the 23TP21.

plug-in terminal strip 1 RTU System Bus plug-in terminal strip 2 TSI + TSI retriggering
plug-in
terminal strip 1
RTU System Bus
plug-in
terminal strip 2
TSI +
TSI
retriggering
monoflop
TSI -
ATR
30 s
ALR
≥≥≥≥
1
+24 V
WRN
≥≥≥≥ 1
+24 V
TSO
suBmteysSUTR

Figure 5-4:

Bus Connection Unit 560BCU02

Alarm 1

Alarm 2

Warning 1

Warning 2

TSO +

Further information: Data Sheet 560BCU02 Publication No. 1KGT 150 409

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.1.5 Bus Connection Unit 560BCU03

The bus connection unit 560BCU03 is designed to make the RTU560 system bus signals accessible to the outside.

ALARM (ALR) and WARNING (WRN) are signalled to the outside with relay contacts.

An external minute impulse may be connected via an optocoupler. The filtered internal minute impulse is output as 24 V impulse.

The 560BCU03 may be used only in the 23ET23.

With this board two RTU560 communication boards 560SLI01 and/or 560ETH01 are usable within the 23ET23.

sub sub RTU System Bus connector 1 connector 2 TSI + TSI retriggering monoflop TSI
sub
sub
RTU System Bus
connector 1
connector 2
TSI +
TSI
retriggering
monoflop
TSI -
ATR
30 s
ALR
≥≥≥≥
1
+24 V
WRN
≥≥≥≥ 1
+24 V
TSO
suBmteysSUTR

Figure 5-5:

Bus Connection Unit 560BCU03

Alarm 1

Alarm 2

Warning 1

Warning 2

TSO +

Further information: Data Sheet 560BCU03 Publication No.1KGT 150 410

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.1.6 Power Supply Unit 560PSU01

The power supply unit 560PSU01 generates the two supply voltages (5 V DC and 24 V DC) for the RTU560 boards in the communication subrack 560CSR01. The output power is sufficient to supply a communication subrack 560CSR01 with typical configurations.

It is possible to configure a redundant power supply for project configurations with higher requirements to availability. In this configuration two power supply units 560PSU01 are operating in parallel. Each one can to take over the full load if the other power supply fails.

The power supply unit 560PSU01 is available in two versions for different input voltage

60 V DC and in a second version for the range from

ranges, for the range from 24

110 220 V DC. S1 F1 ALARM +Ue -Ue +U1 5 V DC PE -U1
110
220 V DC.
S1
F1
ALARM
+Ue
-Ue
+U1
5 V DC
PE
-U1
+U2
24 V DC
-U2
Figure 5-6:
Power Supply Unit 560PSU01

The power supply unit has the following properties and functions:

potential isolation between inputs and outputs

cooling by natural convection

electronic power limitation

short-circuit proof

over-voltage protection

controlled load balancing

two light emitting diodes for displaying output voltages U1 and U2

parallel operation with monitoring of the redundant power supply configuration

Alarm indication (relay) in case of failure

Further information: Data Sheet 560PSU01 Publication No.1KGT 150 416

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.1.7 Power Supply Unit 23NG24

The power supply unit 23NG24 generates the two supply voltages (5 V DC and 24 V DC) for the RTU560 boards. The output power is sufficient to supply a RTU560 subrack with typical configurations.

The power supply unit 23NG24 is available in two versions for different input voltage

ranges, for the range from 24

60 V DC and in a second version for the range from

110 220 V DC. S1 F1 +Ue -Ue +U1 5 V DC PE -U1 +U2
110
220 V DC.
S1
F1
+Ue
-Ue
+U1
5 V DC
PE
-U1
+U2
24 V DC
-U2
Figure 5-7:
Power Supply Unit 23NG24

The power supply unit has the following properties and functions:

cooling by natural convection

electronic power limitation

short-circuit proof

over-voltage protection

controlled load balancing

two light emitting diodes for displaying output voltages U1 and U2

Further information: Data Sheet 23NG24 Publication No.1KGT 150 414

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.1.8 Real Time Clock 560RTC01

A remote terminal unit RTU560 can be synchronized with the time information received from the global positioning system (GPS) satellites using the module 560RTC01. The RTU560 reads the time and date from the module 560RTC01 and synchronizes its internal time to the standard time by the means of a minute pulse. The use of the module 560RTC01 ensures that process information from several terminal units are synchronized, when they include time information.

Figure 5-8:

ext. GPS antenna

GPS 4 FR LS receiver ST MN monitoring - + minute pulse - transmitter monitoring
GPS
4 FR
LS
receiver
ST
MN
monitoring
-
+
minute pulse
-
transmitter
monitoring
k1
serial

+24V

MIN1

MIN2

Alarm

RS 232

RTU system bus

Real Time Clock 560RTC01

Further information: Data Sheet 560RTC01 Publication No. 1KGT 150 418

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.1.9 Real Time Clock 560RTC02

A remote terminal unit RTU560 can be synchronized with the standard time of the long-wave transmitter DCF 77 using the module 560RTC02. The RTU560 reads the time and date from the module 560RTC02 and synchronizes its internal clock to the standard time by means of a minute pulse. The use of the module 560RTC02 ensures that indications from several terminal units are synchronized, if they include a time information.

ext. antenna Quartz 4 signal FR CD evaluation MN ST +24V monitoring MIN1 - +
ext. antenna
Quartz
4
signal
FR
CD
evaluation
MN
ST
+24V
monitoring
MIN1
-
+
MIN2
minute pulse
-
transmitter
monitoring
k1
serial
RS 232

Figure 5-9:

RTU system bus

Real Time Clock 560RTC02

Further information: Data Sheet 560RTC02 Publication No. 1KGT 150 453

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.1.10 Modem 23WT21

The data transmission follows the CCITT V.23 standard. The 23WT21 modem can run on 600 or 1200 Bit/s, according to V.23.

On a two-wire transmission line a 23WT21 modem can be used in half duplex operation, for duplex operation a four-wire line has to be reserved. On a multi drop line up to 10 stations may be configured without repeaters. 23WT21 is connector compatible to the 23WT20 and 23WT22 modems.

Further information: Data Sheet 23WT21 Publication No. 1KGT 150 427

5.1.11 Modem 23WT22

The modem is used for remote data transfer using voice frequencies via telephone lines and other transmission channels. Channel frequencies and baud rates can be selected

according to CCITT frequency maps (R.35

definitions the channels can be set in 120 Hz steps.

or V.23 respectively. Beside the CCITT

R.38)

The modem operates on the frequency shift keying principle (FSK). On a multi drop line up to 10 stations may be configured without repeaters.

RxD RxD DCD CTS

i e NF2a DSR (M1) CTS (M2) e i i e DCD (M5) NF2b e
i e
NF2a
DSR (M1)
CTS (M2)
e
i
i e
DCD (M5)
NF2b
e
i
RxD (D2)
DCE.SGND
e
i
DSP
TxD (D1)
e
i
RTS (S2)
i e
NF1a
DTE.SGND
SQL
i e
AK1
NF1b
EQZ
TxD
TxD
MK1
k1
RK1
k1
Figure 5-10:
Modem 23WT22

Further information: Data Sheet 23WT21 Publication No. 1KGT 150 428

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.1.12 Fibre Optic Coupler 23OK22

The board 23OK22 is used for transmitting data via multimode optical fibre cables. Optical fibre cables are not sensitive to inductive and capacitive interferences as well as to potential differences between the two data communication equipment. Fibre optic links will be used for bridging over distances in critical environments.

The possible distance depends on the type of optical fibre cable used and can be up to 2600 m (glass optical fibres).

The board can be used for the signal conversion of the receive and transmit data of the following electrical serial interface standards:

RTU560 peripheral bus

RS-422

RS-485

RS-232C

RS-232 C optical RS-422 fibre TX ≥1 transmitter RTU peripheral bus RS-485 optical fibre RS
RS-232 C
optical
RS-422
fibre
TX
≥1
transmitter
RTU
peripheral bus
RS-485
optical
fibre
RS C
RX
receiver
RS-422

Figure 5-11:

Fibre optic coupler board 23OK22

Hence the following applications are possible in the RTU560 remote station:

Substitution of the RTU560 electrical serial peripheral bus

between all subracks of a station

between distributed groups of subracks. E.g. a link between two RTU560 cubicles with some subracks each.

Coupling of digital protection relays (IEC 60870-5-103) or SPA-Bus devices with fibre optic interfaces

in point-to-point configuration

in star configuration

in ring configuration (SPA-Bus only)

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

Direct fibre-optic link between the RTU560 station (I/O-bus interface) and the central system in a point-to-point link.

Connection of other units with an optical interface (project specific).

The board is available with two different fibre-optic connector types:

for glass optical fibres

R5011:

(connector BFOC/2.5 / IEC-SC86B)

for plastic optical fibres (connector F-SMA / IEC 874-2)

R5012:

Further information: Data Sheet 23OK22, Publication-No. 1 KGT 150 415

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.1.13 Mains Adapter 23VG23

The mains adapter 23VG23 is an AC/DC converter in combination with an external back- up battery for use as an uninterruptible power system (UPS). It contains a switch-mode power supply of 92 V AC to 265 V AC without input voltage switchover. The mains adapter supplies an output voltage of 24 V DC with an output current of min. 0.2 A and max. 2 A.

It can supply the boards of an RTU560 subrack with a power output of 48 W.

Battery with

temperature sensor Ut1 Ut2 L1 F1 +Ub 115 / 230 V AC -Ub N Back-up
temperature sensor
Ut1
Ut2
L1
F1
+Ub
115 / 230 V AC
-Ub
N
Back-up
battery
~ K1
Power failure
K2
= LB1
Low battery
LB2
PE
-Ua
F2
+Ua
Output
24 V DC
-Ua
+Ua

Figure 5-12:

Mains adapter 23VG23

In the mains adapter there is integrated:

a battery charging device

a switch-over device and

a exhaustive discharge protection

The mains adapter contains contacts for monitoring of mains failure and of low battery. Double output terminals are available for simplified wiring.

Further information: Data Sheet 23VG23, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 423

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.1.14 Mains Adapter 23VG24

The mains adapter 23VG24 is an AC/DC converter for an input voltage of 115 or 230 V AC. It supplies an output voltage of 24 V DC with an output current of max. 10 A.

It can supply the module racks, the mounting panels and the I/O modules of a RTU560 station with a power output of approx. 240 W.

L

115 / 230 V AC

N

PE

F1 ~ =
F1
~
=

+

24 V DC

-

Figure 5-13:

Mains adapter 23VG24

The mains adapter is constructed in a rugged housing for mounting on mounting panels with mounting rails

The wires are connected to the input and output side by the use of plug-in terminal strips.

The input voltage can be adopted by the use of a voltage selector switch placed on the side of the device.

The output voltage is regulated at the terminal connector to approx. 1 %. The output is sustained short-circuit-proofed, stable at no load and overload-proofed.

Further information: Data Sheet 23VG23, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 424

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.2 Input / Output Boards

The connection to process signals is made by means of input and output boards. Each of the boards is equipped with its own microprocessor (EAP), which is configured with a 24k Byte RAM and a 32k Byte EPROM program memory.

The processor executes extensive tests of the memory and the input/output hardware at start-up and during run-time. Faults or error conditions on the board are indicated by a red LED (ST) on the front panel. The monitoring logic with a watchdog timer controls the correct operation of the microprocessor.

5.2.1 Time Management on the I/O Boards

For the synchronization of their own timer all the I/O modules receive the current time with an accuracy of 300 microseconds from the central control unit via the serial RTU560 system bus (typically every 2 seconds). The I/O boards have a control loop which compensates the inaccuracy of the quartz crystal.

5.2.2 Board Design

Front panel Monitoring circuit Processor circuit Bus connection Device-specific
Front panel
Monitoring circuit
Processor circuit
Bus connection
Device-specific

Figure 5-14:

processing circuit

Principle layout of the I/O boards

RTU560

System bus

circuit Principle layout of the I/O boards RTU560 System bus Process signals The hardware circuitry of

Process signals

layout of the I/O boards RTU560 System bus Process signals The hardware circuitry of the bus

The hardware circuitry of the bus module is the same for all I/O boards and located in the upper half of the Euro-card. The bus module is assembled by the IOP, the bus connection to the RTU560 system bus and the necessary monitoring circuits. Each I/O board can be accessed by the parallel or serial peripheral bus. The hardware circuitry for the I/O interfaces is placed in the lower half of the board.

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.2.3 Software Organization

The software of the I/O boards can be split into two essential parts, the general bus module and the task specific I/O interface software. The bus module handles all tasks for communication with the central control unit and provides general services for the I/O software.

5.2.4 Analog Output Board 23AA20

Analog control outputs for sequential or closed-loop control, display instruments, measured-value recorders etc. can be connected to the RTU560 by the analog output board 23AA20. The 23AA20 board has two output channels which are isolated and can be

configured to different output current ranges. The output format unipolar, bipolar or live

zero (4

20

mA) will be configured by software parameters.

The following output current ranges can be configured by plug-in jumpers, for each channel individually:

0

2,5 mA,

±2,5 mA

0

5 mA,

± 5 mA

0

10 mA,

±10 mA

0

20 mA,

±20 mA

4

20 mA,

(live zero)

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

+ opto- D I011 output memory - I010 A coupler DC/DC adjustment current range converter
+
opto-
D
I011
output
memory
-
I010
A
coupler
DC/DC
adjustment
current range
converter
opto-
+
D
I021
output
memory
-
I020
A
coupler
DC/DC
adjustment
current range
converter
ST
B
B
U S
U S
M O D U L E
M O D U L E

Figure 5-15:

Analog output board 23AA20

Both channels can be individually adjusted to different output ranges. The analog value is represented in a binary way by 11 bits plus sign.

Further information: Data Sheet 23AA20, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 401

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.2.5 Analog Input Board 23AE21

The 23AE21 board records up to eight analog measured values. The 23AE21 board allows the connection of all typical measured value ranges

It can be configured for the following measured ranges by simple switches and jumpers:

±

2 mA

±

5 mA

± 10 mA

± 20 mA

± 40 mA

± 2 V DC

0

+ 20 V DC

Other effective ranges and live zero signals generated from these ranges through conversion in the CMU (CMU = communication unit).

In terms of function and pin arrangement the 23AE21 board is compatible with the 23AE20 board.

AD converter

multiplexer connection + EA11 D M M O O D D - EA10 U U
multiplexer
connection
+
EA11
D
M
M
O
O
D
D
-
EA10
U
U
L L
input circuit
E
E
B
B
U
U
+ EA81
A
S
S
input circuit
-
EA80
protection circuit
resistor network

Figure 5-16:

Analog input board 23AE21

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

Basic checks and, cyclical processing functions requiring considerable computing capacity will already be carried out on the board reducing the burden of the communication unit. The board transmits relevant changes as events via the peripheral bus.

The 8 differential inputs are not isolated from the RTU560 power supply.

23AE21 resolves unipolar or bipolar values into 4096 steps (12 bit plus sign) for 100 % of the measuring signal.

The differential inputs are protected against static and dynamic over-voltages by a protection circuit. A low-pass filter suppresses non-line frequency ac disturbance.

The AD converter, operating with the sigma-delta method scans with a higher resolution and has additional algorithms for a high suppression of line frequency and harmonic interference voltages. Even for a deviation of ± 10 % of the line frequency there is still a suppression of > 45 dB. The internal high resolution allows all measuring ranges (exception: ± 2 V DC (11 bit + sign)) to be scanned with the same resolution (12 bit + sign) on one board. A 9th channel is used for automatic zero calibration.

Further information: Data Sheet 23AE21, Publication-No. 1 KGT 150 402

5.2.6 Binary Output Board 23BA20

The binary output board 23BA20 can be used for the isolated output of up to 16 binary signals to the process. An output can be freely assigned to a number of processing functions within the scope of the configuration rules. The 23BA20 can be used for the following types of signals:

Object commands with 1- or 2-pole output without (1-out-of-n) check

Object commands with 1.5- or 2-pole output with (1-out-of-n) check

Set-point messages

General output messages

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

output relay

W1 driver k01 k01 A1 k08 k08 A8 k11 k11 A9 monitoring of the command
W1
driver
k01
k01
A1
k08
k08
A8
k11
k11
A9
monitoring of
the command
output
k18
voltage
monitoring
k18
A16
W2
CO
k1
output relay control
k1
release
+ 24V
PST
ST
B U S
M O D U L E

Figure 5-17:

Binary output board 23BA20

The binary output is made via relay contacts. Resistive loads of up to 60 W can be switched with output voltages between 24 and 60 V DC. The process relays to be switched have to be equipped with zero voltage diodes.

The 16 outputs are combined into two groups. Each group of 8 outputs a common return. The groups are isolated from one another as well as from other logic.

Commands to the process equipment can be output either directly or in conjunction with the board 23BA22 command output monitoring.

Further information: Data Sheet 23BA20, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 403

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.2.7 Binary Output Board 23BA22

The 23BA22 board is intended to be used in the Remote Terminal Unit RTU560.

The 23BA22 board should be installed if the output circuit of an object command has to be checked before the actual command is given. The 23BA22 board executes an (1 out of n)-check. It checks that only one interposing relay will be activated in the output circuit. This is feasible only if all interposing relays connected to one check circuit have the same resistance value.

The 23BA22 board allows to check two different interposing relay types by using two separated check circuits. The permissible tolerance range is defined by means of parameters.

Up to 32 different relay types can be supervised by means of the 23BA22 boards in one remote terminal unit

The 23BA22 board is functional and pin-compatible to the 23BA21 board. The essential additional tasks are:

Galvanic isolation of the check circuit

Suppression of line frequency during measuring

Figure 5-18 shows the connection of a binary output board 23BA20 and a 23BA22 board in two-pole activation for the (1 out of n)-check.

The check circuit for measuring the resistance of the relay coil is galvanic isolated against the electronic voltage and against the switching voltage (UD) of the interposing relays. This is done by means of a galvanic isolated DC/DC-converter and optocouplers.

An auxiliary test voltage is not necessary. During measuring the 23BA22 board switches the respective check circuit (P1 or P2) two-pole and therefore separates both.

In the (1 out of n)-check the 23BA22 board measures the resistance value in the output circuit and compares this value with the configured upper and lower limit values.

If the resistance value is within the limits the selected interposing relay can be activated. The object command will be acknowledged positively.

If the measured resistance value is outside the tolerance limits the 23BA22 blocks the output and indicates the error to the CMU (CMU = communication unit).

The limits of the coil resistance for the interposing relay can be adjusted in steps of 10 in the range of 100 to 10 000 by means of parameters. Line frequency ripple voltages will be filtered.

The direct activation of process relays on electrical apparatus (isolators, circuit-breakers) is possible by using an additional booster relay Figure 5-19.

Further information: Data Sheet 23BA22, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 404

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

23BA22 LOC PST k1 "GO"- TM0 Relais TM1 + CO UDV - LOC 1 DC
23BA22
LOC
PST
k1
"GO"-
TM0
Relais
TM1
+
CO
UDV
-
LOC
1
DC
X502
X501
DC
+
2
BO
-
(1-out -of-n)-check
3
k5
k4
k3
k2
+ P2 -
+ P1 -
further
2-pole connection
23BA20
23BA20
W1
W2
k01
k08
k11
k18
A1
A8
A9
A16
Interposing relay
process
1: Monitoring switching voltage UD
2: Monitoring UD during command output
3: Resistance measurement of output circuit (1-out-of-n)-check
B U S
M O D U L E

Figure 5-18:

Figure 5-19:

Binary output board 23BA22

+ DU -

Booster k1 23BA22 KB + UDV - kB + BO kB - k3 k2 -
Booster
k1
23BA22
KB
+
UDV
-
kB
+
BO
kB
-
k3
k2
-
+
P1
23BA20
W2
W1
A1
An+8
Process relay

(apparatus)

+

UD1

-

Relay activation by means of a booster relay

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

In the (1-out-of-n) check the 23BA22 board measures the resistance value in the output circuit and compares this value with the configured upper and lower limit values.

If the resistance value is within the limits the selected interposing relay can be activated. The object command will be acknowledged positively.

If the measured resistance value is outside the tolerance limits the 23BA22 will blocks the output and indicates the error to the CMU (CMU = communication unit).

The limits of the coil resistance for the interposing relay can be adjusted in steps of 10 in the range of 100 to 10 000 by means of parameters. Line frequency ripple voltages will be filtered by the A/D converter.

The direct activation of process relays on electrical apparatus (isolators, circuit-breakers) is possible by using an additional booster relay Figure 5-19.

Further information: Data Sheet 23BA22, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 404

5.2.8 Command Output 23BA30

The relay module 23BA30 has 16 switching relays with 2 normally open (NO) contacts each, which are completely wired to the output terminal strip. The module can be used for

the isolation of the 16 output circuits of a 23BA20 with higher a switching capacity in addition

potential isolation per output circuit

switching voltage up to 220 V DC

In the operation mode interposing, each of the 16 output relays of a 23BA20 board is attached to the corresponding relay of a 23BA30 module.

Further information: Data Sheet 23BA30, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 405

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.2.9 Binary Input Board 23BE21

The binary input board 23BE21 is used for the isolated input of up to 16 binary process signals. Scanning and processing of the inputs are executed with the high time resolution of 1 ms. Allocation of an input to a processing function can be at will within the rules of configuration. The board 23BE21 can process the following types of signals:

16 single indications with time stamp

8 double indications with time stamp

2 digital measured values each with 8 bit

1 digital measured value with 16 bit

16 pulse counters

E01 E02 E03 E04 E05 E06 E07 E08 W01 E09 E10 E11 E12 E13 E14
E01
E02
E03
E04
E05
E06
E07
E08
W01
E09
E10
E11
E12
E13
E14
E15
E16
W02
B
U
S
M
O
D
U
L
E

Figure 5-20:

Binary Input board 23BE21

The 16 inputs form two groups. The inputs are isolated by means of optocouplers. The board allows process signal voltages from 24 to 60 V DC. The input circuit is dimensioned in that way, that current regulating [controlling] diodes keep the signal current constant.

Further information: Data Sheet 23BE21, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 406

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.2.10 Binary Input 23BE30

If the binary input board 23BE21 fails to meet the requirements to the input signal channel the binary input module 23BE30 can be used instead.

process signal voltage 110 V DC

electrical isolation per input channel

Like the binary input board 23BE21 the binary input module 23BE30 has 16 input channels. The module 23BE30 is available for process signal voltages of 24, 48, 60 or 110 V DC.

The module 23BE30 can be easily snapped on standardized mounting rails. The process

signal wires will be connected in two-pole form to screw terminals (max. AWG 12 / 2.5

mm

2 ).

The electrical isolation is done by optocouplers. LEDs (yellow) indicate the signal state.

Figure 5-21:

+ 24 V DC

X4 / 1 + 1 2 input 1 X1 / 1 - 3 + Input
X4 / 1
+
1
2
input 1
X1 / 1
-
3
+
Input 2
2
-
5
+
Input 3
3
-
31
+
Input 16
16
-
17
X2 / 1
2

+ 24 V DC

X3 / 1

2

3

4

5

6

31

32

Binary Input module 23BE30

Further information: Data Sheet 23BE30, Publication No. 1 KGT 150 407

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.3 Mechanical Construction

The subracks of the remote terminal unit RTU560 can be installed directly in a swing frame or in a 19“ rack. An alternative solution is the RTU560 mounting panel, which can be screwed onto a mounting plate on the back side of the cubicle. In this case the subracks are mounted on a mounting panel with plugs and connectors.

For the configuration of RTU560 substations with subracks or mounting panels various possibilities are offered as a standard. Available are:

Wall housings in two sizes accommodating one or two mounting panels

Cabinet with mounting assembly accommodating up to four mounting panels

Swing frame cabinet accommodating up to five I/O subracks

Communication unit 560PSU01 560PSU01 560ETH01 560ETH01 560ETH01 560SLI01 560SLI01 560SLI01 560SLI01 560RTC02
Communication unit
560PSU01
560PSU01
560ETH01
560ETH01
560ETH01
560SLI01
560SLI01
560SLI01
560SLI01
560RTC02
560BCU01
Tx
Rx CE
Tx
Rx CE
Tx
Rx CE
Tx
Rx CE
Tx
Rx CE
Tx
Rx CE
Tx
Rx CE
5
V
5
V
A
ERR
A
ERR
A
ERR
ERR
ERR
A
ERR
ERR
A
A
A
24
V
24
V
B
B
B
ERR
B
B
B
B
ALR
S1
A
C
A
C
A
C
1
1
1
1
E
2
WRN
E
E
2
2
2
MMI
FR
MMI
MMI
MMI
MMI
MMI
MMI
LS
TSI
UE +
UE +
A
A
A
A
A
A MN
A
TSO
UE -
UE -
PE
PE
SEB
B
B
B
B B
B
B
ON
ON
1
1
1 1
E
E
E
OFF
OFF
2 2
2
2
Decentralized configuration unit
23NG24
24
V
1234
OFF
5
V
UE +
UE -
PE
ON
0FF
1
19
Process connections
RTU System Bus

Figure 5-22:

RTU560 hardware structure RTU560A

Communication

subrack

Max. 6

extension

subracks

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

Communication unit 560SLI01 560SLI01 23NG24 Tx Rx CE Tx Rx CE 24 V A ERR
Communication unit
560SLI01
560SLI01
23NG24
Tx
Rx CE
Tx
Rx CE
24
V
A
ERR
ERR
A
5
V
B
B
1
1
2
2
MMI
MMI
A
A
UE +
UE -
PE
B
B
1
1
ON
2
2
0FF
560BCU0x
Decentralized configuration unit
23NG24
24
V
5
V
UE +
UE -
PE
ON
0FF
1
19
Process connections
RTU System bus

Figure 5-23:

RTU560 hardware structure RTU560C

5.3.1 Assembly variants

Communication

subrack

Max. 6

extension

subracks

There are four possibilities for the installation of RTU560 boards:

RTRU560A:

communication subrack 560CSR01 R0012, max. 6 extension mounting panel 23TP21

communication subrack 560CSR01 R0011, max. 6 extension subrack 23ET23

RTRU560C:

mounting panel 23TP21 with 560BCU02, max. 6 extension mounting panel 23TP21

subrack 23ET23 with 23BCU03 max. 6 extension subrack 23ET23

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.3.2 Communication subrack 560CSR01

The communication subrack 560CSR01 is prepared to accommodate the RTU560 power modules, communication units 560ETH01 and 560SLI01, real time module and a bus communication unit.

The 560CSR01 is available in 2 different versions:

for swing frame mounting

R0011:

for assembly on mounting panel

R0012:

Power supply unit

Real time clock

Communication units Bus connection unit 560PSU01 560PSU01 560ETH01 560ETH01 560ETH01 560SLI01 560SLI01 560SLI01
Communication units
Bus connection unit
560PSU01
560PSU01
560ETH01
560ETH01
560ETH01
560SLI01
560SLI01
560SLI01
560SLI01
560RTC02
560BCU01
Tx
Rx
CE
Tx
Rx
CE
Tx
Rx
CE
Tx
Rx
CE
Tx
Rx
CE
Tx
Rx
CE
Tx
Rx
CE
5
V
5
V
A
A
ERR
ERR
A
ERR
A
ERR
A
ERR
ERR
A
ERR
A
24
V
24
V
ALR
ERR
S1
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
C
A
C
1
A
C
1
1
1
WRN
2
E
E
E
2
2
2
FR
MMI
MMI
MMI
MMI
MMI
TSI
MMI
MMI
LS
UE +
UE +
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
MN
TSO
UE -
UE -
PE
PE
SEB
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
E
E
E
ON
ON
1
1
1
1
OFF
OFF
2
2
2
2
1234
OFF

Figure 5-24:

Mechanical design of communication subrack 560CSR01

All connections to the outside are done via their connectors on the front panel. The communication subrack itself has no connections to the outside.

The 19" board rack has a height of 3 HE for single eurocard format boards (DIN 41494). There are 11 slots for the installation of the boards.

Further information: Data Sheet 560CSR01, Publication No. 1KGT 150 411

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.3.3 Extension Mounting Panel 23TP21

The extension mounting panel 23TP21 is intended to be installed in the RTU560 standard cabinet with mounting assembly 23SC20 or in the 23WG20 and 23WG22 wall housings.

Power supply unit

I/O boards 23NG24 24 V 5 V UE + UE - PE ON 0FF Supply
I/O boards
23NG24
24
V
5
V
UE +
UE -
PE
ON
0FF
Supply connectors
I/O-bus interface
Process terminal strips

Figure 5-25:

Mechanical design of extension mounting panel 23TP21

The extension mounting panel 23TP21 is intended to accommodate the RTU560 general boards as well as for the installation of up to 19 I/O-boards.

Further information: Data Sheet 23TP21, Publication No. 1KGT 150 422

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

5.3.4 Extension Subrack 23ET23

The 23ET23 subrack can be used as an alternatives to the mounting panels. Then the

equipment is installed either in an RTU560 standard swing frame cabinet or in a rack with

a 19" frame. The internal wiring within the subrack is done by a printed board. On its rear

side all connectors and adjusters are located, thus space requirements for the installation

of the subrack can be minimized by using this printed board for cable connections.

The slot configurations of the 23ET23 extension subrack are the same as those for the mounting panel.

DIN-F connector with cutout for row 22 - 32

Sub-connector
Sub-connector

Figure 5-26:

Sub-connector design

For the physical interfacing of boards special edge connectors are used. The upper part

of the edge connector is soldered directly to the printed board establishing the connection

to the RTU560 system bus. The process signals are connected by means of a sub-plug which clips into a cut-out. In addition to the use of prefabricated cables it is possible to attach individual wires during commissioning.

An integrated monitoring circuit constantly checks the supply voltages of the boards as well as the functional operation of the central control unit.

Further information: Data Sheet 23ET23, Publication No. 1KGT 150 412.

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

5.3.5 Cabinet and Housing Types

Various possibilities are offered for the installation of the subrack and mounting panel, which allow optimal adaptation to the local conditions:

23SC20 floor cabinet with mounting assembly accommodating a maximum of four mounting panels 23TP21

23SR20 swing frame cabinet accommodating a maximum of six 23ET23 subracks

23WG20 wall housing accommodating one 23TP21 mounting panel

23WG22 wall housing accommodating two 23TP21 mounting panels

23ET23 / 560CSR01 23ET23 23ET23 23ET23 23ET23 Swing
23ET23 / 560CSR01
23ET23
23ET23
23ET23
23ET23
Swing

Figure 5-27:

frame

Swing frame cabinet 23SR20

Boards and Mechanics

RTU560 System Description

Mounting plate 23TP21/ 560CSR01 23TP21 23TP21 23TP21 23VG24
Mounting plate
23TP21/
560CSR01
23TP21
23TP21
23TP21
23VG24

Mounting

panel

Cabel channel

Power supply unit

Figure 5-28:

Standard cabinet with mounting assembly 23SC20

RTU560 System Description

Boards and Mechanics

Mounting plate

System Description Boards and Mechanics Mounting plate 23TP21 23TP21 23VG24 Mounting panel Cable channel Figure
23TP21 23TP21 23VG24
23TP21
23TP21
23VG24

Mounting panel

Cable channel

Figure 5-29:

Wall housing 23WG22

All of these cabinet and housing types are available as standa