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(passives, causatives and get)

4
Match parts 1 3 with A C in each set.

set a
1

Have him report to me

___

A because I was his line manager.

I had him reported

___

B when you see him later.

I had him report to me

___

C to his commanding officer.

set b
1

We got the computer repaired

___

A or you'll be in trouble.

Get the computer repaired

___

B after he had fixed the printer.

We got the engineer to repair the


computer

___

C because it had broken down.

A passive verb would be more appropriate for ten of the sentences (1 15). Tick the five sentences
which should not be changed. If you think a sentence should be changed, choose the correct
reason(s) (A D) from the list in the box then rewrite the sentence. The first two have been done as
examples (0 and 00).
The passive form is more appropriate because:
A the agent is unknown or unimportant
B

the agent is obvious from the context or general knowledge

we are describing rules, processes or procedures

D we prefer to put new information or a long subject clause at the end of a sentence
0

You must dry clean this garment.

A/B

This garment should be dry cleaned.

00

That baby really resembles her mother.

The stunning vista of long white beaches backed by verdant hills entranced her.

________________________________________________________________________
2

Our sales manager has decided to leave.

_____________________________________________

The executioner executed the prisoner at dawn.

A man who had never known that he had rich relations inherited the estate.

_______________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________
5

My parents are staying with us over the weekend. _______________________________________

The New York flight leaves at six thirty.

They collect the information from various retail outlets and they enter it onto the database.

____________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________
8

An unknown person has vandalised the


lift in our block.

______________________________________________

The ancient Egyptians were superb stonemasons.

10

People hardly ever see foxes in daylight.

______________________________________________

11

People must complete this form in


black ink and they must sign it.

______________________________________________

12

Several members of the international press corps interviewed the terrorists.

________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________
13

This house used to belong to my aunt.

______________________________________________

14

The jury convicted the man and the judge sentenced him to fifteen years in jail.
_________________________________________________________________________

15

They heat milk to 110C and then they rapidly cool it to produce the final pasteurised product.
_________________________________________________________________________

For each of the sentences below, write a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the
original sentence using the word given.

The accountants are looking into the matter.

being

The matter is being looked into.


1

They are delivering Daphne's new car this afternoon.

having

_______________________________________________________________________
2

The athletes will have to pass a series of rigorous drug tests.

be

_______________________________________________________________________
3

The parish council let us use the village hall for our meeting.

allowed

________________________________________________________________________
4

Having completed the project, we were able to leave early.

been

________________________________________________________________________
5

We resented the fact that the new manager didn't consult us over the expansion plans.

not having

________________________________________________________________________
6

I'll instruct the caretaker to open the gates early for you.

have

________________________________________________________________________
7

They believe the suspect is hiding somewhere across the border.

believed

________________________________________________________________________
8

They sacked her for being late so often.

got

________________________________________________________________________
Rewrite each sentence without the words underlined, using a causative have construction.
Make any other necessary changes.
A

Some painters have painted the outside of the house.


We have had the outside of our house painted.

A hairdresser cut Martin's hair yesterday.


______________________________________________________________________

Some plumbers are installing a new central heating system at our house tomorrow.
______________________________________________________________________

An optician is going to examine my eyes this afternoon.


______________________________________________________________________

A surgeon altered Tom's nose last year.


______________________________________________________________________

The dry cleaners cleaned my leather coat specially.


______________________________________________________________________

An art specialist has valued our paintings.


______________________________________________________________________