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PNEUMATIC SPIDER OPERATING PROCEDURE MANUAL

Doc. 20-1715 Pneumatic Spider Operating Procedure Manual

Rev D (9/12/1005)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section

Page

1 - Introduction 1.1 General Information 1.2 Description 1.3 Technical Data 2 - Operation 2.1 Preperation 2.2 Installation 2.3 Operation 3 - Maintenance 3.1 Inspection 3.2 Lubricants 4 - Shop Repairs 4.1 General Use 4.2 Replacement of Slip Inserts 4.3 Replacement of Bushings 4.4 Replacement of Crankshafts 4.5 Replacement of Slip Assembly

5-8

Assembly, Parts Breakdown and Replacement Parts Certificate of Warranty and Guarantee to Quality

9-10 11

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1 - INTRODUCTION 1.1 GENERAL INFORMATION This technical manual contains operation and maintenance instructions for AOT 125 Ton and 55 Ton Air Spiders with complete parts breakdown. It provides a guide for proper field use, disassembly, and repair. 1.2 DESCRIPTION Access Oil Tools, Inc. has two models of the pneumatic spider available. They handle a range of O.D.s with the simple installation of slips and proper size inserts.

MODEL 34-550 34-551

MAXIMUM LOAD RATING 55 TONS 125 TONS

RANGE 1.315 - 5-1/2 1.315 - 5-1/2

1.3 TECHNICAL DATA


Material: Pneumatic Operating Pressure: Low Alloy High Strength 40 - 50 PSI OPENING DIMENSIONS GATE BOWL 4.44 6.13 4.75 6.63

MODEL 34-550 34-551

WEIGHT 217 lbs 345 lbs

HEIGHT 14.13 17.88

BASE DIMENSIONS 15.88 x 18.94 18.38 x 19

BOLT CENTERS 11.44 to 16.69 12.94 to 16.88

Any overloading of the recommended rating or misuse Of this equipment can cause serious injury or death.

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2 - OPERATION 2.1 PREPARATION In order for the pneumatic operated spider to operate properly, it is necessary to install the proper size inserts corresponding to the size O.D. it is to catch. Follow the procedures on page 7 replacement of slip inserts. 2.2 INSTALLATION The spider is easily installed around the tubing on the rig floor. Disassemble the gate by removing the two gate pins. With the slips in the up position place the spider around the tubing and reinstall gate with both pins. Next install the regulator in a safe and convenient location. Hook up the male end of one of the hoses provided to an air source and the other to the matching connection on the filter. Hook another hose to the male end of the lubricator and the other to the bottom male connection on the foot control valve. Next, hook up the remaining two hoses to the matching connections on the air cylinder. (see following illustration). 2.3 OPERATION Caution: Before operating the spider insure that the inserts are the correct size for the type of tubing you will be using. Also, never exceed the maximum load rating of the spider, and check the air regulator pressure setting to insure that it is set to 40-45 PSI. The backs of the slips and I.D. of the bowl should be cleaned and greased before use, and daily during use. To operate the spider, simply depress the foot control valve pedal, and this will either lift or lower the slips around the tubing depending on their previous orientation. The foot control valve has a pawl driven ratchet with a spring, so that once you depress the pedal you can remove your foot and the pedal will return to its original position, and doesnt redirect the air flow to the cylinder. Therefore, to reverse the cylinder, just depress the pedal again.
34-631 AIR CYL. ON SPIDER

AIR SUPPLY ON RIG

LUBRICATOR REGULATOR FILTER

34-127 REGULATOR ASSY

FOOT CONTROL

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3 - MAINTENANCE Caution: Practice safety at all times when servicing the equipment and use of Access Oil Tools, Inc. equipment. Always use proper safety methods, materials and tools, and always wear protective gear for eyes, head and hands. 3.1 INSPECTION To insure optimum performance from your pneumatic spider the following checks should be made once a week. 1. Check for worn gate pins, slip segment ear bolts, pins on cranks, keepers, link arms, cylinder yoke bolt, and cylinder pivot bolt and replace as necessary. 2. Check inserts for wear and replace as necessary. 3. Spiders should undergo a magnetic particle inspection a minimum of once a month when in use and after every job. 3.2 LUBRICATIONS Lubricate the spider regularly during usage and storage to prevent corrosion. Use an extreme pressure, multi-purpose, lithium base grease of no. 1 or no. 2 consistency and multiweight motor oil. When the tool is in use, lubricate the spider according to the following schedule or annually while in storage. Daily Weekly Clean and grease slip backs and bowl I.D. Grease link arm, crank and body bushing grease zerts

Grease gate pins Remove inserts and grease insert slots

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4 - SHOP REPAIRS 4.1 GENERAL USE


1. Whenever doing any work on the spider assembly, release the chain and hold down system, which positions the spider over the wellhead and blowout prevention equipment. Move the spider assembly to a convenient place to work, so that parts and/or tools cannot fall into the well. 2. Whenever a pipe string will be supported for a period of time by the spider assembly, flip the safety latch (34-629) to trap the link (34-603/34-503) from moving to release the holding slip assembly. The accidental hitting of the pneumatic pressure control valve could cause the cylinder to force the movement of the link to lift and release the slip assembly. 3. Replace crank bushings (34-619/34-519) and link bushings (34-620/34-520) every six months, depending on service usage 4. Replace left hand crank shaft (34-604/34-504) and right hand crank shaft (34-605/34-505), crank bushings (34-619/34-519), link bushings (34-620/34-520), every twelve months depending on service usage. 5. Inspect pneumatic cylinder periodically, depending on service usage. Install replacement oring kit as needed. (Note: pneumatic cylinder has normal compressed air working pressure of 40-50 PSI).

4.2 REPLACEMENT OF SLIP INSERTS


1. With the spider assembly away from the well, use the pneumatic system to lift and hold the slip bodies to the raised position, which provides access to the slip inserts. The slip bodies, inserts and components illustration on page 11 will help in understanding the described procedure. 2. Remove the four cotter pins. 3. Remove the four retainer pins (34-152). A drift pin might be required to drive the retainer pin from the hole between the slip body and slip insert. 4. Remove the four inserts (part no. depends on size of insert). 5. Clean dirt and hardened grease from the slip body. Then re-grease the slip body with clean grease. 6. Install new inserts into slip bodies. Align the groove on the insert back with the mating groove in the inner bore of the slip body. 7. Insert the retainer pin into the hole formed between the insert and slip body. 8. Insert the cotter pin into the hole in the slip body. Spread the cotter pin legs, so it will not come out. The spider is ready to use.

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4.3 REPLACEMENT OF BUSHINGS


1. With the spider assembly away from the well, use the pneumatic system to lift and hole the slip bodies to the raised position, which provides access to the slip body assembly. (Figure 1) 2. Remove slip assembly halves per the replacement of slip assembly procedure described on the following page. 3. Bleed-off the pressure to pneumatic cylinder. Remove nut (34-612) and yoke bolt (34-613) from the yoke (34-607). Move the yoke away from the link. The spider assembly illustration on page 11 helps to understand the rest of the procedure. 4. Remove two retainer rings (34-617), and remove link (34-603/34-503) from the left/right crankshafts (34-604/34-504 and 34-605/34-505). 5. Use press or bushing puller to remove the two bushings (34-620/34-520) from the (34-603/34-503). link

6. Move lifting arm (34-606/34-506) into position to drive out the tapered pins (34-616) from both lifting arms (34-606/34-506). 7. Use hex wrench to unscrew the setscrews (34-615) which fixes the lifting arms (34-606/34506) to the left/right crankshaft (34-605/34-505 and 34-606/34-506). 8. Lightly tap on the ends of the left/right crankshafts, to remove them from the spider body (34601/34-501). 9. Use press or bushing puller to remove the four bushings (34-619/34-519) from the spider body (34-601/34-501). 10. Install four new crank shaft bushings (34-619/34-519) into the spider body. 11. Install two new link bushings (34-620/34-520) into the link (34-603/34-503). 12. Install left crankshaft (34-604/34-504) into the spider body (34-601/34-501) with spacer (34621/34-521) and lifting arm (34-60634-506) in proper position. Install right crank shaft (34605/34-5005) into spider body (34-601/34-501) with spacer (34-621/34-521) and lifting arm (34606/34-506) in proper position. 13. Install link (34-603/34-503) onto the ends of the left/right crankshafts (34-605 & 34-606/34-505 & 34-506)). Install the retainer rings (34-617/34-517) on crankshafts to retain the link. 14. When looking at the link, move the link to the far left position. Shift and position the lifting arm on the left crank shaft and install the two tapered pins (34-616) into the mating holes in the lifting arm and crankshaft. Screw in the set screw (34-615) located on this lifting arm to fix the lifting arm to the shaft. Repeat this process for the right crankshaft and its lifting arm. 15. Use yoke bolt (34-611) and nut (34-612) to attach yoke (34-607) to the link (34-603/34-503). 16. Attach the slip assembly halves to the lifting arms (34-606/34-506) by the description in the replacement of slip assembly procedure, which is described below.
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4.4 REPLACEMENT OF CRANKSHAFTS


1. Follow steps 1 through 13 of replacement of bushings, except replace the original crankshaft(s) (34-604 and 34-605 / 34-504 & 34-505) and lift arms (34-606/34-506) with new parts. 2. Shift the lifting arms back and forth on the shafts, so they are centered to the bore through the spider body. Rotate the lift arms (34-606/34-506) so they are resting on top of bowl base of spider body (34-601/34-501) (Figure 1). Move link arm (34-603/34-503) until taper side of the catch is .12 or 3.1 mm from safety latch bolt (34-630) (Figure 2). Use a hex wrench to tighten the set screws (34-615), which lock the lifting arms to the left and right crank shafts. Tie down arms with a tie down bar on a drill table. Use a center punch to locate two holes and drill the two holes through the center of each lifting arm and respective crank shaft. These holes should be placed in the same plane about an inch away from the setscrew hole to reduce the possibility of a stress riser on holes with a #7 tapered reamer. Then install the #7 tapered pins (34-616) into the reamed holes. 3. Use yoke bolt (34-611) and nut (34-612) to attach yoke (34-607) to the link (34-603/34-503) 4. Install the slip assembly halves to the lifting arms per the replacement of slip assembly procedure.

4.5 REPLACEMENT OF SLIP ASSEMBLY


1. With the spider assembly away from the well, use the pneumatic system to lift and hole the slip body assembly halves to the raised position, which provides access to the slip assembly. The slip bodies, inserts and components illustration on page 11 will help in understanding the described procedure. 2. Remove the nuts (34-151) from arm bolts (34-150). This will release the two slip assembly halves from the lifting arm. 3. Install the new arm bolt (34-150) and nut (34-151) into the top of each new slip assembly half. Always keep the slip assembly halves paired together, as they are machined sets. Tighten the nut, so the end of the bolt is flush with the outside edge of the nut. (Note: the plastic insert, locking means on the nut, prevents the nut from unscrewing.) 4. Take one slip assembly half and position/align the lower hole in the slip assembly half with the hole at the end of the lifting arm. Install the arm bolt into the aligned holes and attach the mating nut. Tighten the nut, so the end of the bolt is flush with the outside edge of the nut. Repeat this procedure for the other slip assembly half. (Note: the slip assembly half needs to have movement with respect to the lifting arm, so that the slip assembly is free to float in the spider bowl, as the slips are set to support the tubing string. Operate the hydraulic/pneumatic system to check the function of the slip assembly in the bowl of the spider assembly). 5. The spider is ready for use.

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Figure 1

Figure 2

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AOT PNEUMATIC SPIDERS


P/N 34-550 34-551 34-127 34-129 34-130 34-131 Description 55 Ton Spider Assembly Less Slip, Inserts, Hoses, Foot Control, and Air Filter 125 Ton Spider Assembly Less Slip, Inserts, Hoses, Foot Control, and Air Filter Air Filter, Pressure Regulator, Gauge Assy, w/ Lubricator & Quick Connects Foot Opertate Air Control Valve Assy. w/ Box and Quick Connects 25 Air Hose 25 Air Supply Hose No. Req 1 1 1 1 2 2

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AIR SPIDER PARTS LIST


No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 55 Ton P/N 34-501 34-502 34-503 34-504 34-505 34-506 34-607 34-508 34-609 34-610 34-611 34-612 34-613 34-514 34-615 34-616 34-517 34-618 34-519 34-520 34-521 34-628A PF-VNP-L6-1.5 34-629 34-630 34-631 34-633 34-560 125 Ton P/N 34-602 34-602 34-603 34-604 34-605 34-606 34-607 34-608 34-609 34-610 34-611 34-612 34-613 34-614 34-615 34-616 34-617 34-618 34-619 34-620 34-621 34-628A PF-VNP-L6-1.5 34-629 34-630 34-631 34-633 34-660 Description Body Only Gate Link Shaft (Left Hand Crank) Shaft (Right Hand Crank) Lift Arm Yoke Safety Guard Link Grease Zert Cylinder Bolt Cylinder Yoke Bolt Cylinder Nut Safety Guard Bolt w/ Lock Washer Door Pin with Chain Lifting Arm Set Screw Lifting Arm Taper Pin Retaining Clip Crank Shaft Grease Zert Crank Bushing Link Bushing Spacer Male Air Coupling 3/8 Nipple Safety Latch Safety Bolt Air Cylinder Assembly Yoke Jam Nut Spare Parts Kits f/ 1 Year Less Inserts No. Req 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 4 2 2 4 2 4 4 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 No. Req. 1 1 1 1 1 No. Req 4 4 4 4 No. Req 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

SLIP ASSEMBLIES
P/N 34-121 34-122 34-123 34-125 34-126 No. 28 29 30 31 No. 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 Description 3-1/2 Slip Assembly (1.315 3-1/2) Less Inserts for 55 Ton 3-1/2 Slip Assembly (1.315 3-1/2) Less Inserts for 125 Ton 4-1/2 Slip Assembly (3-1/2 4-1/2) Less Inserts for 55 Ton 5 Slip Assembly w/ Mill Cut Teeth for 125 Ton 5-1/2 Slip Assembly w/ Mill Cut Teeth for 125 Ton

SLIP REPLACEMENT PARTS


P/N 34-150 34-151 34-152 34-153 Description Slip Bolt Slip Bolt Nut Insert Retainer Pin Insert Retainer Pin Cotter

AIR SPIDER SLIP INSERTS


P/N Description 34-205 3-1/2 x 3-1/2 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-206 3-1/2 x 2-7/8 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-207 3-1/2 x 2-3/8 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-228 3-1/2 x 2-1/16 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-229 3-1/2 x 1-1/2 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-230 3-1/2 x 1-1/4 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-231 3-1/2 x 1 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-209 4-1/2 x 4-1/2 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-210 4-1/2 x 4 Inserts (Set of 4) 34-211 4-1/2 x 3-1/2 Inserts (Set of 4) Recommended Inserts for 1 Year Orders 2 Sets for Each Size To Be Run

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CERTIFICATE OF WARRANTY AND GUARANTEE TO QUALITY Seller warrants all materials, products and supplies manufactured or furnished by it to be free from defects in material and workmanship, under normal use and service, when installed, used and serviced in the manner provided and intended by seller for a period of twelve (12) months after installation or delivery, whichever shall occur first. Sellers obligations under this warranty are expressly limited to repair or replacement, at its option, of any materials, products or supplies returned to sellers plant, Broussard, Louisiana, and which are determined by seller to be defective. All freight charges for return and reshipment shall be paid by customer. A new warranty period shall not be established for repaired or replaced materials, products or supplies; such items shall remain under warranty only for the remainder of the warranty period on the original materials, products or supplies. This is the sole warranty of seller and no other warranty is applicable, either expressed or implied, in fact or by law, including any warranty as to merchantability or fitness for a particular use or purpose. In case of goods or parts not wholly of sellers manufacture, seller shall make available to the customer whatever warranty or guaranty is extended to seller for such goods or parts by the supplier or manufacturer thereof. Seller will not assume responsibility or liability for any repairs, rebuilding, welding or heat treating done to its material, products or supplies outside of sellers plants, such work shall void any all warranties. All parts used in the manufacture and/or final assembly of sellers materials, products and supplies are necessary for both safety and operational performance. Omission of any part or failure to replace any part may result in a malfunction and a consequent safety hazard for which seller disclaims any responsibility or liability for injuries or damage as a result thereof. Buyers sole and only remedy in regard to any defective materials, products or supplies shall be the repair or replacement thereof as herein provided, and seller shall not be liable for any consequential, special, incidental or punitive damages resulting from or caused by any defective materials, products or supplies.

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