Sunteți pe pagina 1din 30

# Cuprins

1.Date de intrare.1
2.Calculul fortelor din sistem.1
2.1.Schema transmisiei...2
3.Calculul angrenajului planetar.3
4.Calculul angrenajului melcat..18
5.Calculul transmisiei prin curele..22
6.Calculul transmisiei prin lant..25

1

1. Date de intrare
Sa se proiecteze o transmisie pentru ridicarea unei greutatii, pornind de la urmatoarele date:
- Greutarea G = F = 3000kg = 30000N
- Turatia motorului n = 1500 rot/min
- Timpul de ridicare t = 50 s
- Inaltimea de ridicat h = 20 m
- Diametru tambur D = 2.5 m

2. Calculul fortelor din sistem
Calculul transmisiei
- Viteza de ridicare a greutatii V = h / t = 20 / 50 =0.4 m/s
- Puterea la iesire P
out
= F * V = 30000 * 0.4 = 12000 W = 12 kW
Motor electric
- Turatia motorului n = 1500 rot/min
- Diametru tambur D = 2.5 m
- Viteza de iesire a transmisiei n
out
= 60 * V / * D = 60 * 0.4 / * 2.5 = 3.055 [rot/min]
- Momentul de iesire din transmisie T
out
= 9.55 * 10^6 * P
out
/ n
out
= 9.55 * 10^6 * 12 /
3.055 = 37512274 Nmm
- Raportul de transmitere al sistemului este i
s
= n
imp
/ n
out
= 1500 / 3.055 = 490
Randamentul motorului
- Angrenaj melcat i
AM
= 20 80, ales i
AM
= 50
- Angrenaj cilindric i
AC
= 2 10, ales i
AC
= 8
- Trammisie lant-curea i
AC
= 1.2 1.5, ales i
L,C
= 1.25
- Randament transmisie =
AC
*

AM
*

LC
= 0.97 * 0.6 * 0.98 = 0.57
- Putere de intrare P
inp
= P
out
/ = 12 / 0.57 = 21kW

2

2.1 Schema transmisiei

V
G
Transmisie melc -roata melcata
Transmisie curea sau lant
Sistem planetar
Motor electric
3

3. Calculul angrenajului planetar
Pentru calculele angrenajelor si a transmisiilor care compun acest sistem mecanic s-a folosit
programul de calcul MDesign. In ceea ce urmeaza vor fi prezentate rezultatele obtinute in
urma introducerii in program a datelor calculate in capitolele anterioare.
i
t
= i
AM
* i
AC
* i
LC
= 50 * 8 * 1.25 = 490 unde i
AM
= i angrenaj melcat
i
AC
= i angrenaj cilindric
i
LC
= i transmisie lant sau curea

p
1
= p
motor
/ n
s
= 21 / 3 = 7kW, unde n
s
este numarul de sateliti n
s
= 3

1
=

=
1500
8
= 187.5 rot/min
Date de intrare: i
AC
= 1 + z
4
+ z
1

z
1
/ 2 + z
2
= z
4
/ 2
Date de iesire: z
2
/ z
1
= ?
+ z
2
/ z
1
= z
4
/ 2 * z
1
= i
AC

U = z
2
/ z
1
= (i
AC
1) / 2
Treapta 1: U = (8 1) / 2 = 3.5
z
1
= 20 dinti

Fig. Angrenaj planetar
4

Input data:

Spur Gear, Gear Rack

Calculation method Spur gear
Calculation variants All
Calculation standard ISO 6336
Type of toothing External toothing

Spur gear geometry
Basic data
Normal modulus mn = 4 mm
Helical angle | : 10
Centre distance a : 0 mm

Driving element Pinion
Input of geometry z1, i
Number of teeth (pinion) z1 = 20
Number of teeth (wheel) z2 = 60
Translation ratio i = 3

Pinion Wheel
Tooth width b = 40 42 mm

Input methode topland shortening No input

Addendum modification according to DIN 3992/3993
Input methode profile shift coefficients No input
Optimization for profile shift coefficient Special case (very high
strength capacity)

Basic gear rack Pinion Wheel
Tip clearance factor cP* = 0.25 0.25
Root fillet radius factor f P* = 0.38 0.38
Pressure angle op = 20
Tooth-tip thickness factor san* = 0.3

Pinion Wheel
Tooth-tip height factor haP* = 1 1
Residual fillet undercut spr : 2 2 mm

Cutter data Pinion Wheel
Number of cutter teeth z0 : 0 0
Basic gear rack profile shift coefficient x0 : 0 0

Spur Gear Calculation - Strength
Drive data
Application factor KA = 1.35
Performance P = 7 kW
Rotation speed (pinion) n1 = 1500 1/min

Lubrication
Viscosity class for 40 voil = 68 cSt
5

Oil temperature uoil = 50 C
Force level (according to FZG-test) 12
Type of oil distribution Splash lubrication

Material selection
Pinion - materials (strength values) according to MDESIGN database
International materials no

Material designation 18CrNiMo7-6
Material number 1.6587
Material group Casehardening steel
Heat treatment / State trial hardened
Standard dimension dNm = 16 mm
Standard dimension dNp = 16 mm
Ultimate strength for dNm RmN = 1200 N/mm
Yield point for dNp RpN = 850 N/mm
Tooth root strength oFlim = 430 N/mm
Surface durability (pitting) oHlim = 1500 N/mm
Type of Material 7
Modulus of elasticity E = 210000 N/mm
Poisson's ratio v = 0.3
Hardness scale HB
Hardness = 0
Density = 7850 kg/m
Linear expansion factor o = 12 10^-6/K

Temperature T = 20 C

Wheel - materials (strength values) according to MDESIGN database
International materials no

Material designation 18CrNiMo7-6
Material number 1.6587
Material group Casehardening steel
Heat treatment / State trial hardened
Standard dimension dNm = 16 mm
Standard dimension dNp = 16 mm
Ultimate strength for dNm RmN = 1200 N/mm
Yield point for dNp RpN = 850 N/mm
Tooth root strength oFlim = 430 N/mm
Surface durability (pitting) oHlim = 1500 N/mm
Type of Material 7
Modulus of elasticity E = 210000 N/mm
Poisson's ratio v = 0.3
Hardness scale HB
Hardness = 0
Density = 7850 kg/m
Linear expansion factor o = 12 10^-6/K

Temperature T = 20 C

Spur gear calculation material Pinion Wheel
Structure factor XW = 1 1.15
Thermal conductivity = 50 40 N/(s*K)
Heat capacity cM = 485 500 N*m/(k
g*K)
Root roughness Rz = 16 16 m
6

Tooth flank roughness Rz = 4 4 m

Tooth modification No
Bearing span l = 100 mm
Eccentricity (pinion) s : 20 mm
Shaft diameter at pinion dsh = 10 mm
Factor K' = 1.33
Type of helical toothing Simple
Face load factor (root stress) KF| : 0
Face load factor (contact stress) KH| : 0

Transverse load factor (root stress) KFo : 0
Transverse load factor (contact stress) KHo : 0

General input Pinion Wheel
Gearing quality 7 8
Design Disk Disk
Inner diameter of rim di : 0 0 mm
Tooth modification, base relief Ca : 0 0 m
Pittings allowed? no yes

Minimal root safety SFmin = 1.1
Minimal flank safety SHmin = 1.2
Minimal scuffing load safety SBmin = 1.3

Standard gauge spur gear
General data Pinion Wheel
Deviation of teeth thickness (DIN 3967) - -
Tolerances of teeth thickness (DIN 3967) - -
Number of teeth dimension k : 0 0
Spherical dimension- and roll diameter DM : 0 0 mm

Deviation of centre distances (DIN 3964) -

Free input deviations Pinion Wheel
Upper deviation of teeth thickness Asne : 100 120 m
Lower deviation of teeth thickness Asni : -12 0 m

Machining allowance q : 4 mm
Upper deviation of centre distances Aae : 15 m
Lower deviation of centre distances Aai : -20 m

Results:

General data
Effective number of teeth ratio u = 3.500
Effective translation ratio i = 3.500
Transverse pressure angle ot = 20.284
Pressure angle at pitch cylinder owt = 23.537
Zero centre distance ad = 182.777 mm
7

Centre distance a = 187.000 mm
Profile shift coefficient (pinion) x1 = 0.5288
Profile shift coefficient (wheel) x2 = 0.6100
Sum profile shift coefficient xs = 1.1388

Length of path of contact go = 13.184 mm
Length of recess path ga = 8.387 mm
Length of approach path gf = 4.797 mm
Transverse contact ratio co = 1.102
Overlap ratio c| = 0.553
Total contact ratio c = 1.654

Number of teeth z = 20 70
Virtual number of teeth of helical gear zn = 20.864 73.024

Geometrical data
Reference diameter d = 81.234 284.319 mm
Base diameter db = 76.197 266.688 mm
Pitch diameter dw = 83.111 290.889 mm
Root diameter df = 75.465 279.199 mm
V-circle diameter dv = 85.465 289.199 mm
Tip diameter da = 91.117 294.852 mm
Theoretical tip diameter da th = 93.465 297.199 mm
Root form circle diameter dFf = 114.235 309.730 mm
Root form diameter dNf = 79.766 284.606 mm

Specific sliding at point A ,A = -0.523
Specific sliding at point E ,E = -0.759

Tooth thickness on the tip cylinder san = 3.399 3.896 mm
Tooth depth h = 7.826 7.826 mm
Addendum ha = 4.941 5.266 mm
Dedendum hf = 2.885 2.560 mm

Bottom clearance c = 1.000 1.000 mm
Tip shortening k = 1.1739 1.1739 mm

Normal base pitch pen = 11.809 mm
Transverse base pitch pet = 11.969 mm
Normal pitch on base cylinder pbn = 11.809 mm
Transverse pitch on base cylinder pbt = 11.969 mm

Cutter data of gear rack
Cutter data pinion type cutter
Number of teeth z0 = 0 0
Profile shift coefficient x0 = 0.000 0.000
Topland height factor haP0* = 1.250 1.250
Root height factor hfP0* = 1.000 1.000
Actual topland play ctat = -9.936 -9.914 mm
Reference diameter d0 = 0.000 0.000 mm
Base diameter db0 = 0.000 0.000 mm
Tip diameter da0 = 10.000 10.000 mm
Deddendum diameter (generation) dfE = 98.976 302.755 mm
Centre distance a0 = 49.782 153.647 mm
Zere centre distance ad0 = 40.617 142.160 mm
Pressure angle at pitch cylinder owt0 = 40.066 29.789

8

Results of calculation strength
Forces, moment, speed
at reference cylinder
Ft = 1097.159 N
at pitch cylinder
Ftw = 1072.381 N
Axial load at pitch cylinder Faw = 189.090 N
Tooth load at pitch cylinder Fw = 1184.879 N
Moment (pinion) T1 = 44.563 N*m
Moment (wheel) T2 = 155.972 N*m

= 37.029 N/mm
Peripheral speed at reference cylinder v = 6.380 m/s
Peripheral speed at pitch cylinder vw = 6.528 m/s
Rotation speed (pinion) n1 = 1500.000 1/min
Rotation speed (wheel) n2 = 428.571 1/min

General factors
Hekix slope deviation fH| = 12.000 22.000 m
Transverse pitch deviation fpe = 13.000 22.000 m
Profile form deviation ffo = 15.000 26.000 m
Effective meshing slope deviation fpe eff = 20.688 m
Effective profile form deviation ffo eff = 24.462 m
Flank line deviation F|x = 943.948 m
Manufacturing - flank line deviation fma = 22.000 m
Flank line deviation through pinion def. fsh = 693.194 m
Reduced mass / tooth width mred = 0.024 kg/mm
Individual spring rigidity c' = 20.044 N/(mm*m)
Meshing spring rigidity c = 19.414 N/(mm*m)
Resonance velocity (pinion) nE1 = 13687.152 1/min
Resonance velocity (gear) nE2 = 3910.615 1/min
Basic velocity NR = 0.110
Dynamic factor Kv = 1.911
Face load factor (root stress) KF| = 12.552
Face load factor (contact stress) KH| = 22.684
Transverse load factor (root stress) KFo = 1.000
Transverse load factor (contact stress) KHo = 1.000
Helix angle factor KB = 1.000

Zone factor ZH = 2.269
Elasticity factor ZE = 191.646
Contact ratio factor Zc = 0.966
Helix angle factor Z| = 0.992
Lubricant factor (static) ZL = 1.000
Lubricant factor (dyn.) ZL = 0.946
Velocity factor (static) Zv = 1.000
Velocity factor (dyn.) Zv = 0.988
Roughness factor (static) ZR = 1.000
Roughness factor (dyn.) ZR = 0.984
Work hardening factor ZW = 1.000

Life factor for contact stress (static) ZNT = 1.600

1.600
9

Life factor for contact stress (dyn.) ZNT = 1.000

1.000
Size factor (static) ZX = 1.000

1.000
Size factor (dyn) ZX = 1.000

1.000
Single pair tooth contact factor ZB = 1.043 ZD = 1.000
Pitting stress limit (static) oHG = 2400.000 2400.000 N/mm
Pitting stress limit (dyn) oHG = 1379.230 1379.230 N/mm
Allowable flank pressure (static) oHP = 2000.000 2000.000 N/mm
Allowable flank pressure (dyn) oHP = 1149.358 1149.358 N/mm
Contact stress oH = 2192.500 2192.500 N/mm
Safety factor for pitting (static) SH = 1.095 1.095
Safety factor for pitting (dyn) SH = 0.629 0.629
Attainable lifetime Lh = 11.161 39.063 h

Overlapping factor (root stress) Yc = 0.926
Helix angle factor Y| = 0.954
Tooth form factor YF = 5.028 4.958
Stress correction factor YS = 1.451 1.506
Life factor for tooth root stress (static) YNT = 2.500 2.500
Life factor for tooth root stress (dyn) YNT = 1.000 1.000
Relativ notch sensitivity factor (static) YorelT = 0.962 0.965
Relativ notch sensitivity factor (dyn) YorelT = 0.962 0.970
Relativ survace factor (static) YRrelT = 1.000 1.000
Relativ survace factor (dyn) YRrelT = 0.982 0.982
Size factor (static) YX = 1.000 1.000
Size factor (dyn) YX = 1.000 1.000
Tooth root stress limit (static) oFG = 2067.308 2075.619 N/mm
Tooth root stress limit (dyn) oFG = 812.668 819.468 N/mm
Allowable root stress (static) oFP = 1879.371 1886.926 N/mm
Allowable root stress (dyn) oFP = 738.789 744.971 N/mm
Tooth root stress oF = 1545.182 1581.725 N/mm
Safety factor for tooth breakage (static) SF = 1.338 1.312
Safety factor for tooth breakage (dyn) SF = 0.526 0.518
Attainable lifetime Lh = 197.345 176.689 h
Angle factor Xo| = 1.026
Lubricant factor XS = 1.000

Flash temperature calculation way
Load distribution factor XI = 1.000
Flash factor XM = 1.655
Structur factor XB = 0.195
Tangential line force at weigth wBt = 1605.450 N/mm
Scuffing temperature u = 445.253 C
Corrosion safety factor SB = 27.494

Integral calculation way
Flash factor XM = 1.654
Geometry factor (pinion tip) XBE = 0.224
Pitch factor XQ = 1.000
Tip relief factor XCa = 1.000
Contact ratio factor Xc = 0.366
Mass temperature uM = 51.640 C
Integral temperature uint = 55.155 C
Scuffing integral temperature uintS = 445.253 C
Corrosion safety factor SintS = 8.073
Scuffing load safety factor SSL = 76.668
10

Ultimate strength for pinion Rm = 944.8 mm (for deff = 76.20 mm )
Ultimate strength for gear Rm = 750.5 mm (for deff = 266.69 mm )
Yielding point for pinion Re = 669.2 mm (for deff = 76.20 mm )
Yielding point for gear Re = 531.6 mm (for deff = 266.69 mm )

Results check gauge
Case centre distance a = 187.000 mm
Maximum case centre distance amax = 187.015 mm
Minimum case centre distance amin = 186.980 mm
Theoretical backlash jt = -0.107 mm
Maximum theoretical backlash jt max = 0.023 mm
Minimum theoretical backlash jt min = -0.238 mm

Upper deviation of teeth thickness Asne = 100.000 120.000 m
Lower deviation of teeth thickness Asni = -12.000 0.000 m
Tolerance of teeth thickness Tsn = 112.000 120.000 m
Fluctuation of teeth thickness Rs = 20.000 36.000 m
Nominal teeth thickness (theoretical) snth = 7.823 8.059 mm
Nominal teeth thickness sn = 16.380 16.633 mm
Maximum nominal teeth thickness sn max = 16.436 16.693 mm
Minimum nominal teeth thickness sn min = 16.324 16.573 mm
Base tangent length (theoretical) Wkth = 43.947 117.947 mm
Base tangent length Wk = 51.989 126.003 mm
Maximum base tangent length Wk max = 52.041 126.060 mm
Minimum base tangent length Wk min = 51.936 125.947 mm
Number of teeth dimension k = 4 10
Measure roller diameter DM = 8.000 7.000 mm
Radial gauge spheres/roller Mrk = 55.397 158.252 mm
Maximum radial gauge spheres/roller Mrke = 55.437 158.309 mm
Minimum radial gauge spheres/roller Mrki = 55.357 158.196 mm
Diametral gauge spheres Mdk = 110.794 316.505 mm
Diametral gauge roller MdR = 110.794 316.505 mm
Factor of deviation of base tangent length Aw = 0.940 0.940
Factor of deviation radial spheres/roller Amr = 0.709 0.938
Factor of deviation diametral roller Amd = 1.419 1.877
Factor of deviation diametral spheres Amd = 1.415 1.876

11

Specific sliding accord. to DIN 3960
External toothing
x1 = 0.529
x2 = 0.610
xs = 1.139
ga = 8.387
gf = 4.797
go = 13.184
Kga1 = 0.259
Kga2 = 0.148
Kgf1 = 0.148
Kgf2 = 0.259
spec. sliding
,A = -0.523
,E = -0.759
Meshing Line
[mm]
Kg ,
0.89
-0.89
1.8
-1.8
2.7
-2.7
3.5
-3.5
0
0 7.468 22.403 37.338 52.273 67.208
,1
,2
C
A E
Kg1
Kg2
0.513
-0.513
1.797
-1.797
0.259
0.148
-0.259
-0.148
Tooth profile (evolvent) pinion
df1
d1
dw1
da1
12

Tooth profile (evolvent) gear
df2
d2
dw2
da2
Gap of tooth (envelope curve, evolvent) pinion
df1
d1
dw1
da1
13

Gap of tooth (envelope curve, evolvent) gear
df2
d2
dw2
da2
Side view pinion
df1 d1 da1
Side view gear
df2 d2 da2
14

Front view pinion
df1 d1 da1
Front view gear
df2 d2 da2
Gear wheel (evolvent ) pinion
15

Gear wheel (evolvent ) gear
Pinion, Pitting Bearing Capacity Diagram
material : 18CrNiMo7-6
oHG
[N/mm]
0
600
1200
1800
2400
3000
2
10
3
10
4
10
5
10
6
10
7
10
8
10
9
10
10
10
10
10 111111.11
9
10 11111.11
8
10 1111.11
7
10 111.11
6
10 11.11
5
10 1.11
4
10 0.11
3
10 0.01
2
10 0.00
static
time strength
fatigue strength
16

Gear, Pitting Bearing Capacity Diagram
material : 18CrNiMo7-6
oHG
[N/mm]
0
600
1200
1800
2400
3000
2
10
3
10
4
10
5
10
6
10
7
10
8
10
9
10
10
10
10
10 388888.89
9
10 38888.89
8
10 3888.89
7
10 388.89
6
10 38.89
5
10 3.89
4
10 0.39
3
10 0.04
2
10 0.00
static
time strength
fatigue strength
Pinion, Root Bearing Capacity Diagram
material : 18CrNiMo7-6
oFG
[N/mm]
0
600
1200
1800
2400
3000
2
10
3
10
4
10
5
10
6
10
7
10
8
10
9
10
10
10
10
10 111111.11
9
10 11111.11
8
10 1111.11
7
10 111.11
6
10 11.11
5
10 1.11
4
10 0.11
3
10 0.01
2
10 0.00
static
time strength
fatigue strength
17

Gear, Root Bearing Capacity Diagram
material : 18CrNiMo7-6
oFG
[N/mm]
0
600
1200
1800
2400
3000
2
10
3
10
4
10
5
10
6
10
7
10
8
10
8
10 3888.89
7
10 388.89
6
10 38.89
5
10 3.89
4
10 0.39
3
10 0.04
2
10 0.00
static
time strength
fatigue strength
18

4. Calculul angrenajului melcat
Pentru calculul angrenajului melcat sau folosit urmatoarele date de intrare

2
,
1,
-la pinionul angrenajului
P
1
= P
inp
*

= 21 * 0.98 = 20.58 kW
n
2
= n
1
/ i
AC
= 1500 / 8 = 187.5 rot/min
i = 50
u =

1
unde
2
reprezinta numarul de dinti de la roata,
1
reprezinta numarul de inceputuri ale
melcului

2
=30...60

1
= 2
Daca
1
=1, randamentul este scazut

19

With the following program, based on the groundwork calculations of DIN 3996 Method C, the strength
examination (pitting bearing capacity, root bearing capacity), safety against deflection, safety against
temperature and wear bearing strength of cylindrical worm gear pairs will be calculated.

The groundwork calculations for the module are described by the following DIN specifications:

- DIN
3974
Teil 1, Edition November
1995
(Accuracy of worms and worm gears,
general bases)
- DIN
3974
Teil 2, Edition November
1995
(Accuracy of worms and worm gears,
tolerances)
- DIN
3975
Edition October 1976 (Terms and definitions for cylindrical
worm gears with shaft angle 90)
- DIN
3976
Edition November
1980
(Cylindrical worms)
- DIN
3996
Entwurf Edition September
1996
(Calculation of load capacity of cylindrical
worm gear pairs)
- DIN
3998
Teil 4, Edition September
1976
(Denominations on gears and gear pairs,
worm gear pairs)

Input data:

Cylindrical worm gear pairs

Main form of the flanks Flank main form ZI
Angle of action o = 20
Diameter-Center distance relation dm1/a : 0.33
Axial-/Front modulus m : 0 mm
Reference diameter dm1 : 0 mm
Number of teeth (gear) z2 = 50
Driving element worm
Center Distance a = 300 mm
Addendum modification coefficient x : 0.5
Face width of the worm b1 : 200 mm
Face width of the gear b2 : 80 mm

Application factor KA = 1.25
Normal performance P2 = 13 kW
Rotational velocity n1 = 214 1/min
Gear width b2H : 0 mm
Rim width b2R : 0 mm
Num. of radial bearing wheels (worm shaft) r = 1
Allowable reduction tooth thickness factor deltas* : 0.2
Allowable reduction mass dmlim : 1.5 kg

Lubrication
Lubrication system splash lubrication
20

Oil base mineral oil
Lubrication viscosity v = 150 mm/s
Lubrication temperature toil = 60 C
Worm gear no
Injection mass for injection lubrication Qoil : 0.05 m/s
Case with ventilator

Worm gear bearing
Gear bearing Employed gear bearing
Distance of the worm shaft bearing l1 = 100 mm
Distance of the worm shaft l11 = 40 mm

Worm - Material (strength values) according to Own assignment

Material designation 16MnCr5
Material number 1.7131

Material group Unalloyed structural steel
Heat treatment / State none

Standard dimension dNm = 40 mm
Standard dimension dNp = 40 mm
Ultimate strength for dNm RmN = 490 N/mm
Yield point for dNp RpN = 295 N/mm
Modulus of elasticity E = 215000 N/mm
Poisson's ratio v = 0.3
Density = 7850 kg/m
Elongation at break Amin = 20 %

Yield point ratio Rp/Rm Rp/Rm <= 0.75

Gear - Material (strength values)
Material Designation

GGG-40
Material number

0.7040
Density = 7 kg/dm
Modulus of elasticity E = 98100 N/mm
Poisson's ratio v = 0.3
Tooth root strength oFlim = 115 N/mm
Surface durability (pitting) oHlim = 490 N/mm

Material/Lubrication factor WML = 1
Material factor (gear) YW = 1.3
Gearing Quality (gear) 7
Avg. Roughness (tooth flank, worm) Rz = 1.6 m

Idling power loss Pvo : 0 W

Results:

Geometry
Effective number of teeth ratio u = 50.0000
21

Speed ratio i = 50.0000
Axial-/Front modulus m = 9.8235 mm
Diametral quotient q = 10.0778
Normal modulus mn = 9.7755 mm

Normal tooth thickness snm = 15.3554 mm

Basic pitch angle b = 20.7556
Reference pitch angle m = 5.6668
Angle of action ox = 20.0904
Reference spiral angle |m = 84.3332

Axial pitch px = 30.8615 mm
Normal pitch pn = 30.7107 mm
Basic cylinder pitch pb = 28.8586 mm

Lead (worm) pz1 = 30.8615 mm
Reduced lead (worm) pz1red = 4.9118 mm

worm gear
Reference diameter dm = 99.0000

501.0000 mm

520.6471 mm
Root diameter df = 75.4235

477.4235 mm

Pitch diameter d = -

491.1765 mm
Basic diameter db = 25.9211 mm
Tip diameter de = -

530.4706 mm

Tooth depth h = 21.6118

21.6118 mm

14.7353 mm
Dedendum hf = 11.7882

6.8765 mm

Tooth force

worm gear
Normal - tangential force Ftm = 16174.4434

1.1578e+005 N
Normal - axial force Fxm = -1.1578e+005

-1.6174e+004 N
Normal - radial force Frm = 44700.8970

-4.4701e+004 N
Normal - component of force Fnm = 1.3062e+005

1.3062e+005 N

Efficiency
Middle tooth coefficient of friction zm = 0.033190
Angle of friction z = 1.901
Gear efficiency qz = 74.69 %
Total efficiency qges = 72.45 %
Gear power loss Pvz = 4405.15 W
Idling power loss Pvo = 34.18 W
Bearing race power loss Pvlp = 478.77 W
Bond power loss Pvd = 24.71 W
Total power loss pv = 4942.81 W

General factors
Middle circumferential speed vm1 = 1.1093 m/s
22

Middle rubbing speed vgm = 1.1147 m/s
Rotational velocity (gear) n2 = 4.3 1/min
Torsion moment (worm) T1 = 800.635 N*m
Torsion moment (gear) T2 = 29003.972 N*m
Performance (worm) P1 = 17.943 kW

Characteristic (average flank pressure) pm* = 1.05417
Characteristic (average glide path) s* = 67.71593
Characteristic (average lubric. split thickn.) h* = 0.06403

Gear mass temperature (splash lubrication)
Gear mass temperature vM = 86.68 C

Deflection (worm)
Resultant deflection om = 0.001081 mm
Limited deflection olim = 0.098235 mm
Safety against deflection So = 90.90

Wear bearing strength
Average lubrication split thickness hminm = 0.0819 m
Glide path sw = 20538.51 m
Wear intensity Jw = 5.614e-008
Allowable wear abrasion owlimn = 1.9551 mm
Existing wear abrasion own = 1.1530 mm
Safety against wear SW = 1.70

Temperature Safety (splash lubrication)
Oil sump temperature vs = 76.87 C
Limit of oil sump temperature vslim = 90.00 C
Safety against injection lubrication ST = 1.17

Pitting bearing capacity
Substitute - E - Modulus Ered = 148051.57 N/mm
Model factor ZS = 0.9682
lubricant factor Zoil = 0.8900
Speed factor ZV = 0.9887
Average flank pressure oHm = 582.87 N/mm
Limit of flank pressure oHG = 667.98 N/mm
Safety against pitting SH = 1.15

Root bearing Capacity
Dedendum chord (tooth, front section) sft2 = 24.2691 mm
Form factor YF = 1.1738
Overlap factor Yeps = 0.5000
Raising factor Y = 1.0049
Rim thickness factor YK = 1.0000
Limit of shear stress tFG = 170.41 N/mm
Existing shear stress (root) tF = 108.62 N/mm
Safety against root stress SF = 1.57

23

5. Calculul transmisiei prin curele
Pentru calculul transmisiei prin curele sau folosit urmatoarele date de intrare:
P = P
inp
= 21kW
n
3
= n
1
/ (i
AC
*

i
AM
) = 1500 / (8 * 50) = 3.75 rot/min
i = 1.25
n
4
= n
3
/ i
LC
= 3.75 / 1.25 = 3 rot/min

The groundwork calculations for the Narrow V-Belts module are described by DIN 7753, part 2, April 1976 edition.

The following DIN specifications will also be utilized:

- DIN 323 part 1, edition 8/74 standard numbers
- DIN 323 part 2, edition 11/74 standard numbers
- DIN 7753 part 1, edition 1/88 infinite narrow V-belts
- DIN 2211 part 1, edition 3/84 narrow V-belt pulleys
- DIN 2215 edition 3/75 infinite V-belts

The standard performance values for narrow V-belts are standardized according to DIN 7753 part 2, lieing however far below the
present state of the technique, so that the performance values of the manufacturer Continental (for SKR, SPZ, SPA, SPB, SPC) and
Optibelt (SKR 19) will be used as the basis for this module.

If the performance data of the narrow V-belt deviates from the basic length, then this will be considered through the length factor,
c3 . Also here the specifications of the manufacturer Continental and Optibelt serve as the basis.

Input data:
Narrow V-Belts
24

Operational Factor c2 = 1.3
For Transmitting Performance P = 21 kW
Driving Velocity n1 : 3.75 1/min
Driven Velocity n2 : 3.05 1/min
Max. Pulley Diameter dmax = 2000 mm
Approximate Axis Position e' : 2500 mm
Translation Ratio i : 1.25

Results:

Data Depends on the Belt Profile:
Belt Profile accord. to DIN 7753 SPC
Standard Performance of the Belt PN = 0.79 kW
Required Belt Number z = 32
Outer Length La = 11230 mm
Face Width of the Belt Pulley kbr = 824.50 mm

Valid Results For All Profiles:

Driving Pulley Effective Diameter dr1 = 1600 mm
Driven Pulley Effective Diameter dr2 = 2000 mm

Driving Pulley Velocity n1 = 4 1/min
25

Driven Pulley Velocity n2 = 3 1/min
Translation Ratio i = 1.25

Effective Length Lw = 11200 mm
Axis Position e = 2765 mm

Axis Post. Adjust. Range at the Feed y = 168 mm
Axis Adjust. Range at the Grip x = 336 mm

Belt Contact Angle Sml. Pulley |1 = 172

Angle Factor c1 = 0.98
Length Factor c3 = 1.10

Belt Velocity v = 0.31 m/s
Bending Frequency fB = 0.06 1/s
Circumferential Force Fu = 86899 N

26

6. Calculul transmisiei prin curele
Pentru calculul transmisiei prin lant sau folosit urmatoarele date de intrare:
P = P
inp
= 21kW
n
3
= n
1
/ (i
AC
*

i
AM
) = 1500 / (8 * 50) = 3.75 rot/min
i = 1.25
n
4
= n
3
/ i
LC
= 3.75 / 1.25 = 3 rot/min
z
1
= 60
z
2

= i * z
1
= 1.25 * 60 = 75

The calculation module is based upon DIN ISO 10823 "Guidance on the selection of roller chain drives". This international standard
refers to roller chains and chain wheels in accordance with ISO 606.
The selection procedures and the chain ratings in ISO 10823 provide for roller chain drives with a life expectancy of approximately
15,000 hours under the following conditions:
- Utilisation of a suitable method of lubrication (as shown on the results page),
- Use of a lubricating oil with a suitable viscosity class (table can be selected to be shown on results page)
- Centre distance measures between 30 and 50 times the chain pitch,
- Arc of contact of not less than 120 on the drive sprocket,

In ISO 10823 it is specifically recommended to consult with the supplier of the equipment intended to be used to ensure its
suitability.

Input data:
Roller Chains ISO 10823

Method of calculation Calculation of all suitable chains
Type of roller chain to be used European Type (DIN 8187)
Input power P = 12 kW
Input speed n1 = 3.75 1/min
27

Number of teeth on driver sprocket z1 = 60
Number of teeth on driven sprocket z2 = 75
Drive ratio i = 1.25
Approximate centre distance a0 = 2000 mm
Define minimum and maximum centre distance? No
Characteristics of driver machine Smooth running
Characteristics of driven machine Smooth running

Application factor to allow for the operating conditions f1 = 1
Factor for number of teeth on drive sprocket f2 = 0.37
Corrected power Pc = 4.44 kW
Allow adjustment of factors f1 and f2? No

Display intermediate results on output page? No
Display listing of viscosity classes of lubricating oil on output page? No

Results:
General results
Chain
type
Strands Pitchp
mm
m/s
Max.
center
distancea
mm
Lubrication
range
48B 1 76.200 122 0.286 2068.421 2
40B 2 63.500 132 0.238 2042.223 1
48B 2 76.200 122 0.286 2068.421 2
32B 3 50.800 148 0.191 2041.036 1
40B 3 63.500 132 0.238 2042.223 1
48B 3 76.200 122 0.286 2068.421 2
28

Lubrication range 1: Oil supply by means of oil can or brush, applied manually at frequent intervals
Lubrication range 2: Drip-feed lubrication
Lubrication range 3: Oil bath or disc lubrication
Lubrication range 4: Forced-feed lubrication with filter and, if necessary, an oil cooler

29

Calcul de arbori

Unde 160 mm este raza de rostogolire.

160

## Meniu subsol

### Obține aplicațiile noastre gratuite

Drepturi de autor © 2022 Scribd Inc.

## Meniu subsol

### Obține aplicațiile noastre gratuite

Drepturi de autor © 2022 Scribd Inc.