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Transformations in Lighting

2011 DOE Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop

White LED Chromaticity Control -The State of the Art


Ralph C. Tuttle

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 1

Outline: 1. Chromaticity Requirements 2. Meeting the Requirements 3. Effects of Operating Conditions on Color Point 4. Long Term Chromaticity Control

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 2

ANSI_NEMA_ANSLG C78.377-2008
Chromaticity Requirements for Energy Star Products

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 3

ANSI_NEMA_ANSLG C78.377-2008

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 4

ANSI_NEMA_ANSLG C78.377-2008

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 5

ANSI_NEMA_ANSLG C78.377-2008
(.2409, .5251)

(.2339, .4994)

uv = .0266 A one step MacAdam Ellipse = .001


Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc. R.C. Tuttle pg. 6

NEMA Standards Publication SSL 3-2010


High-Power White LED Binning for General Illumination
0.440

0.420

0.400

0.380 y 0.360

0.340

0.320

0.300 0.300 0.320 0.340 0.360 0.380 0.400 x 0.420 0.440 0.460 0.480 0.500

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 7

Meeting C78.377 Requirements


Cree Standard Chromaticity Regions

* Tested at 350mA, 25C, 25ms


Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc. R.C. Tuttle pg. 8

Meeting C78.377 Requirements


Cree Easy White Chromaticity Regions

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 9

Effects of Operating Conditions on Color

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 10

Effects of Operating Conditions on Color

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 11

Effects of Operating Conditions on Color


XP-E shift in color point (u,v) vs Junction Temperature

10C 25C 85C

When Tj increases from 25C to 85C, the color point shifts .002 in the uv color space.

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 12

Effects of Operating Conditions on Color


Cree XR-E LED Drive Current

350mA

50mA 1000 mA

When If increases from 350mA to 1000mA, color point shifts .002 in the uv color space.

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 13

Effects of Operating Conditions on Color


Commercially available LED for General Lighting

Increase in If to 1000mA

350mA

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 14

Effects of Operating Conditions on Color

Temp Increases 25C to 85C Chromaticity Shift Duv = +.006

Increase in Luminous Flux = +5%

Relative Hot Lumens increase with color shift due to eye response.

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 15

Long Term Chromaticity Control

XPE XLamp

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 16

Long Term Chromaticity Control

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 17

Long Term Chromaticity Control LM-80 Testing

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 18

In Summary
1. LED manufacturers can provide very tight color bins for white LEDs that allow the user to effectively color mix to achieve very tight color point consistency. 2. LED manufacturers can provide very tight color bins (2-step Macadam Ellipse) in some products. 3. Issues like droop and hot/cold factor can be greatly affected by changes in chromaticity! 4. Ask your LED supplier for data that shows the color point behavior of LEDs under varying operating conditions. 5. Ask your LED supplier for data that shows the color point stability over time (LM-80 test data). 6. If a supplier cant provide the data reconsider using that LED!
Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc. R.C. Tuttle pg. 19

Thank You!

Ralph C. Tuttle Cree, Inc. ralph_tuttle@cree.com

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 20

Copyright 2011, Cree, Inc.

R.C. Tuttle

pg. 21