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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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RENR5514-01 September 2003

312C Excavator Hydraulic System


CBA1-UP CAE1-UP BNN1-UP FDS1-UP CBT1-UP BWH1-UP DBN1-UP

2003 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

Printed in U.S.A.

COMPONENT LOCATION
Description Accumulator Gp Cylinder & Seal GP - Boom Cylinder & Seal GP - Bucket Cylinder & Seal GP - Stick Filter & Valve GP - Pilot Filter Gp - Oil Filter Gp - Oil - Hyd Return Manifold GP - Ctrl - Pilot Oil Motor GP - Swing Pump GP - Main Hydraulic Switch AS - Pressure(Implement) Switch AS - Pressure(Travel) Swivel GP Tank & Filter GP - Hydraulic Valve GP - Check - Cooler Bypass Valve Gp - Main Control Valve GP - Pilot (Boom/Bucket) Valve GP - Pilot (Stick/Swing) Valve Gp - Pilot Travel Valve GP - Pressure Reducing(Boom Priority) Valve GP - Shuttle Valve GP - Solenoid(Swing Parking Brake) Valve GP - Solenoid(Travel Speed) Part Machine Schematic Number Location Location 087-4456 1 B-4 170-9834 2 F-3 170-9803 3 F-2 170-9835 4 F-3 158-8987 5 A-4 126-2075 6 A-4 173-3434 7 A-5 158-8251 8 B-4 170-9893 9 F-7 173-0663 10 B-2 170-9335 11 D-4 170-9335 12 C-4 162-4696 13 E-5 168-9526 14 A-5 171-0002 15 C-1 171-0016 16 D-2 165-9522 17 C-6 165-9522 18 C-7 165-9522 19 D-6 148-6218 20 C-2 185-0462 21 B-6 121-1492 22 B-4 121-1491 23 B-4

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
MAIN AUX.

PUMP or MOTOR

FLUID CONDITIONER

SPRING

CONTROL VALVES

RESTRICTION

LINE RESTRICTION (FIXED)

2-SECTION PUMP

PUMP: VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED

VARIABILITY

SPRING (ADJUSTABLE)

LINE RESTRICTION (VARIABLE)

PRESSURE COMPENSATION

HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC ENERGY TRIANGLES

LINE RESTRICTION
VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED

ATTACHMENT

VALVE ENVELOPES

VALVES

VALVE PORTS

ONE POSITION

TWO POSITION

THREE POSITION

TWO-WAY

THREE-WAY

FOUR-WAY

CONTROL VALVES
AB AB

CHECK VALVES

P T NORMAL POSITION

P T SHIFTED POSITION

INFINITE POSITION

BASIC SYMBOL

SPRING LOADED

SHUTTLE

PILOT CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

VENTED

PRESSURIZED

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

MEASUREMENT

ROTATING SHAFTS

PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

FLOW

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID

SOLENOID or MANUAL

SOLENOID and PILOT

SOLENOID and PILOT or MANUAL

SERVO

THERMAL

DETENT

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH-PULL LEVER

MANUAL SHUTOFF

GENERAL MANUAL

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL

SPRING

RELEASED PRESSURE

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN

INTERNAL RETURN

SIMPLIFIED

COMPLETE

INTERNAL SUPPLY PRESSURE

ACCUMULATORS

CROSSING AND JOINING LINES

HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

SPRING LOADED

GAS CHARGED

LINES CROSSING

LINES JOINING

SINGLE ACTING

DOUBLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED UNIDIRECTIONAL

HYDRAULIC MOTORS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS
INFINITE POSITIONING THREE POSITION TWO POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

FLOW IN ONE DIRECTION

PARALLEL FLOW

CROSS FLOW

FLOW ALLOWED IN EITHER DIRECTION

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS
Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

G
Transducer (Fluid) Transducer (Gas / Air) Generator

M
Electric Motor

Pressure Switch

Pressure Switch (Adjustable)

Temperature Switch

Electrical Wire

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

Pressure Symbol

Temperature Symbol

Level Symbol

Flow Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example


Current Standard
Harness identification code This example indicates wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire

Hydraulic Schematic Example


Current Standard

Circuit Number Identification

Wire Color

325-AG135 PK-14 325-PK


Circuit Identification Number Wire Color Wire Gauge

Previous Standard
Wire Wire Color

325-PK-14
B
Circuit Number Identification Wire Gauge
(EXAMPLE VALVE)

(9) MOTOR GP - SWING 170-9893

TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT)


R/G

TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT)


R/G

F
Dr Au T PS PS T

F
(4) CYLINDER & SEAL GP STICK 170-9835 (2) CYLINDER & SEAL GP BOOM 170-9834 (3) CYLINDER & SEAL GP BUCKET 170-9803

M2 E F

M1

M1

M2

A A B A B

(13) SWIVEL GP 162-4696

(11) SW AS PRES (IMP) 170-9335

PP dA1 PA1 PSW PB1 dB1 aL3 bL3 BL3 AL3 dB

(19) VALVE GP PILOT TRAVEL 165-9522

(16) VALVE GP MAIN CONROL 171-0016

TT

TP R2

B3 B4

B2 B1 B6

(17) VALVE GP PILOT (BOOM/BUCKET) 165-6522

(18) VALVE GP PILOT (STICK/SWING) 165-6522


JL1 JLT

B5

HL HR JR3

C
JL4

JRP

C
JR4 R1

JL2

JR2

(20) VALVE GP PRESS REDUCING 148-6218

JLP

JL3

JRT

JR1 bR5 bR4 PTA PR PL dST1 aL5 bL5 aL6 P2 P1 B3 B4 B5 B2 B1 B6 P T bL6

(15) VALVE GP CHECK 171-0002

(12) SWITCH AS PRESS (TRAVEL) 170-9335 (23) VALVE GP SOL (TRAVEL) 121-1491 (22) VALVE GP SOL (SWING) PSA2 121-1492
M2 M4 A2 A3 PS

X2

B
(21) VALVE GP SHUTTLE 185-0462

P2 DR1 DR2 DR3 DR4 DR5 DR6

P1

Pi1

Pi2

PSA1

(8) PILOT OIL MANIFOLD GP CONTROL 158-8251

B
(10) PUMP GP - MAIN HYDRAULIC 173-0663

A1 B1

A2 B2

A3 B3

A5 C B5

A6

A8

A4 B4

A7 B7

B6

B8

Si

RELIEF VALVE

TOUT2

TOUT1

PIN

(1) ACCUM GP 087-4456

S3

Dr

(5) FILTER & VALVE GP PILOT 158-8987


DrB5

DrB4 DrB7 DrB1 DrB3

A1 J M3 M5 X1

LINE PATTERNS
M1

(6) FILTER GP OIL 126-2075

Main Connector / Pressure Line Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure Drain / Return Lines Component Group

PG

(14) TANK & FILTER GP 168-9526

(7) FILTER GP OIL RETURN 173-3434

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 312C EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM MEDIA NUMBER: RENR5514-01 SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 158-8235, CHANGE: 02, VERSION: Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off, transmission shifter in neutral and with parking brake set. Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.

MACHINE COMPONENT LOCATIONS


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

19 20 16 15

17

18

21 2 9 11 12 13 6 3

1 10 8

14

MAIN CONTROL VALVE

RBL2 MR NRL PTA

bL6 bL3

bL5 bL2 bL1

bR4 bR2

bR5 bR3 RBr3

bL4

bR1 PP

PSW

RBL4 CLa2

RBL3

bL4

bL3

bL2

bL1

bR1

bR2

bR3 PBR3

RBL4 RBL3

dB1

PB1 PP PSW

PBR3

BL2 BRC BR2 BR3 ARC FA1 dA1 LCs LCPa1

BL1

BR1

BL4 BL3 LCa2 LCBR

LCb1

LCO AL3 AL4

AL2

AL1

AR1

AR2

LCa1 AR3

RAL3 aL4 RAL4

aL3 RAL2

aL1

aR1

aR2

aR3

PILOT MANIFOLD
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

PAC

DR2 DR6

T-OUT(2) T-OUT(1) PSA1

22
DR1 DR5

PSA2

Pi2

P-IN Pi1

DR4 P2

23

P1