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TRACKING TAIJI

Live Capture & Export Data from Drive Fisheries


COMPILED & AUTHORED BY:
Ceta-Base: Online Marine Mammal Inventory http://www.ceta-base.com Published: 14 March 2012

The following document has been compiled by Ceta-Base in an attempt to make available factual data concerning live-capture practices in drive hunt fisheries. This document is not an official capture statistic nor is it meant to replace ANY official documents/sources. However it is intended to provide baseline data on KNOWN individuals on public display that were acquired through drive hunt fisheries. All information within this document has been obtained through public sources, specifically the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), online news articles, blogs, message boards and eye-witness reports from land-based volunteers on site during drive hunts operations. All photography in this document remains property of the owner. No infringement of any kind was intended with the inclusion of photographs within this document. For more information please visit our website: http://www.ceta-base.com Send your comments, questions or information to: phinventory@gmail.com Tracking Taiji : Live Capture & Export Data from Drive Fisheries First Edition compiled, authored & self-published by Ceta-Base 2012 ON THE COVER: A dolphin is delivered to Laohutan Ocean Park in China on 27-Nov-2008 from Japan. Four bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops gilli) and Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhychus oblquidens) were park of this shipment Photo XINHUANET

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART ONE THE HUNT 1.0 Introduction 2.0 The Numbers: A Look at Capture Results by Year & Species 2.1: 2011/2012 Season (01 Sep 2011 to 27 Feb 2012) 2.2: 2010/2011 Season (01 Sep 2010 to 05 May 2011) 2.3: 2009, Calendar Year (Seasons 2008/2009 & 2009/2010) 2.4: 2008, Calendar Year (Seasons 2007/2008 & 2008/2009) 2.5: 2007, Calendar Year (Seasons 2006/2007 & 2007/2008) 2.6: 2006, Calendar Year (Seasons 2005/2006 & 2006/2007) 2.7: 2005, Calendar Year (Seasons 2004/2005 & 2005/2006) 2.8: 2004, Calendar Year (Seasons 2003/2004 & 2004/2005) 2.9: 2003, Calendar Year (Seasons 2002/2003 & 2003/2004) 2.10: 2002, Calendar Year (Seasons 2001/2002 & 2002/2003) 2.11: 2001, Calendar Year (Seasons 2000/2001 & 2001/2002) 2.12: 2000, Calendar Year (Seasons 1999/2000 & 2000/2001) 1 1 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 16 18

3.0 References & Citations

LIST OF FIGURES & TABLES


Figure 1: Total Catch, Total Kill versus Total Live Capture (2000-2009) Figure 2: Total Kill versus Total Live Capture (2000-2009) 4 5

Table 1: Table 2: Table 3: Table 4: Table 5: Table 6: Table 7: Table 8: Table 9: Table: 10 Table 11: Table 12: Table 13: Table 14: Table 15: Table 16: Table 17: Table 18: Table 19: Table 20: Table 21: Table 22: Table 23: Table 24:

Catch Statistics, 2000-2009, for small cetaceans taken via drive hunt in Taiji 2011/2012, drive hunt results by species 2010/2011, drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan Aug 2011 Jan 2011 Exports from Japan 2010 Domestic Trade, transfers within Japan (Apr 2011 Oct 2010) 2009 (2008/2009 & 2009/2010) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2009 2008 (2007/2008 & 2008/2009) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2008 2007 (2006/2007 & 2007/2008) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2007 2006 (2005/2006 & 2006/2007) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2006 2005 (2004/2005 & 2005/2006) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2005 2004 (2003/2004 & 2004/2005) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2004 2003 (2002/2003 & 2003/2004) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2003 2002 (2001/2002 & 2002/2003) seasons - drive hunt results by species Exports from Japan 2002 2001 (2002/2003 & 2003/2004) seasons - drive hunt results by species 2000 (1999/2000 & 2000/2001) seasons - drive hunt results by species

3 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17

PART ONE: THE HUNT

1.0 INTRODUCTION
Drive hunting or drive fishing is a method of whaling where dolphins and whales are driven into a small bay or onto a beach in order to harvest them. Its often referred to as the Oikomi method () which literally means to chase, drive, or pursue. The method utilizes noise created by banging metal pipes in the water; the pipes are mounted on vessels referred to as banger boats. The noise produces an acoustic barrier that will eventually herd animals into the shallows or bay where they can be easily harvested. Today, drive hunts continue to be practiced in the Solomon Islands, the Faroe Islands & Japan. In addition to killing the animals for meat and pest control there is a small percentage of animals which are live-capture, animals selected usually for sale to the aquarium or marine park industry. Statistical analysis of numbers reported to the Japanese Fisheries Agency between the years 2000-2009 suggest that animals taken through live-capture account for 5.5 % of the total catch during this ten year timeframe. Due to mortality and other events not all of the animals taken for live-capture would be considered for sale to an aquarium or marine park. This document will examine some of the reported results from each years hunt (Part 1) and focus on establishing a baseline inventory of cetaceans obtained through drive fisheries practices (Part 2). Its important to note that the majority of dolphins and whales are obtained through drive fisheries located in Japan, specifically Taiji (Wakayama), however other countries of origin will be noted when applicable.

2.0 THE NUMBERS: A LOOK AT RESULTS BY YEAR & SPECIES


The hunting of cetaceans through drive hunting currently occurs in two prefectures in Japan, Wakyama (Taiji) and Shizuoka (Futo) although Futo has not participated in a drive hunt since 2004. Due to this inactivity the numbers below are indicative of drive hunt activity in Wakayama only with notes to any hunts taking place elsewhere. The following numbers are based on the calendar or fiscal year which actually overlaps two fishing seasons (example: calendar year 2008 contains numbers for the end of the 2007/2008 season and the start of the 2008/2009 season). In general the drive hunt season runs from the first of September to the end of March and then another 30 days (till the end of April) for the hunting of false killer whales (okigondou or ), pilot whales (gondou or ) and Rissos dolphins (hanagondou or ).

Between the years 2000-2009 a total of 13,681 small cetaceans were killed by the drive fisheries in Wakayama (Taiji) and an additional 765 animals were live-captured. Please note that the numbers in Table 1 (pg. 3) only reflect catch statistics for Taiji (Wakayama). However, in 2004 Futo participated in a drive hunt that officially resulted in the catch of 24 bottlenose dolphins of which 9 were killed and 15 were live capture. Observers from environmental groups on site in Futo claim that the take was actually higher but there has been no other verification. Futo has not resumed its drive hunt since 2005. Including the animals from Futo results in a total kill of 13, 690. See Table 1, next page for each years breakdown of species either killed or live -captured

Table 1. Catch Statistics, 2000-2009 (Japanese Fisheries Agency), for small cetaceans taken via drive hunt in Taiji (Wakayama) Calendar Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
S pecies

K (LC) 1271 (68) 0 109 367 27 235 0 2,009 (68)

K (LC) 195 (12) 18 (11) 210 (2) 350 (3) 0 418 0 1,191 (28)

K (LC) 688 (72) 7 55 220 (1) 400 565 0 1,935 (73)

K (LC) 105 (16) 12 (5) 55 (0) 186 (5) 102 382 0 842 (26)

K (LC) 475 (95) 0 62 437 (7) 0 554 0 1,528 (102)

K (LC) 249 (36) 0 38 (2) 340 0 377 (2) 0 1,004 (40)

K (LC) 205 (80) 6 (24) 190 (8) 232 387 (13) 479 0 1,499 (125)

K (LC) 223 (77) 0 238 (5) 304 (8) 0 384 0 1,149 (90)

K (LC) 240 (57) 0 98 (1) 208 (8) 323 (6) 528 (5) 5 (16) 1,402 (93)

K (LC) 254 (98) 0 218 (1) 328 (8) 0 321 1 (13) 1,122 (120)

Bottlenose False KW SF Pilot Whale Rissos P. Spotted Striped P. White-sided


TOTALS (by year) TOTALS (all years)

13, 681 (765)

** K = kill, (LC )= live-capture ** in 2004 Futo captured 24 bottlenose dolphins according to official statistic however some conservation groups suggest that the total was actually higher Catch statistics from Save Japan Dolphins are listed below but not included in the above table as the numbers are compiled from volunteers on site in Taiji but do not reflect official statistics as released by the JFA. The numbers reflect total small cetaceans killed but does not include animals that were live-capture or released. 2008/2009 season: 1,484 2009/2010 season: 1,336 2010/2011 season: 1,190 2011/2012 season: 726-786 Catch statistics gathered from daily Sea Shepherd Conservation Society (SSCS) reports are listed in sections 2.1 & 2.2 (pgs. 5 & 6) but not included in the above table as the numbers are compiled from volunteers on site in Taiji but do not reflect official statistics as released by the JFA .

Annual hunts resulted in an average of 1445 animals captured per year with minimum total catch of 868 occurring in 2003 and at maximum total catch of 2,008 in the year 2002. Average total kill totaled 1,368 animal with maximum total kill of 2,009 in the year 2000 and minimum total kill of 842 in 2003. Live capture resulted in an average of 77.5 animals per year with minimum live-capture of 28 in 2001 and maximum total live capture of 125 in 2006. Examinations of the average numbers reveal 95% of animals captured through drive hunt fisheries were slaughtered while the remaining 5% were taken as live-capture. The chart below shows hunt results by calendar year with total catch (blue), total kill (red) and total live capture (green) represented. (Note: total catch = total kill + total live capture)

Figure 1. Total Catch, Total Kill versus Total Live Capture. Statistics compiled from Japanese Fisheries Agency

The chart below compares the number of animals killed by year versus those captured between the years 2000-2009. Total Kill = RED, Total Live Capture = GREEN.

Figure 2.. Total Kill versus Total Live Capture (2000-2009) Statistics compiled from Japanese Fisheries Agency

2.1. 2011/2012 Season (01 Sep 2011 to 27 Feb 2012*)


The following numbers for the 2011/2012 season are not official statistics but rather reflect reports given by witnesses on-site in Taiji, Japan during the season. (Sea Shepherd Conservation Society) The 2011/2012 season started on September 1st, 2011 and has appeared to have ended early, at the time of this publication the last hunt was on February 27th, 2012. * It is possible that other species could be harvested up to April 30 th, 2012 and this document will be updated should that occur. During this season an estimated 823 animals have been driven into the cove at Taiji, Japan. . Of this total 719 (87%) were killed, 48 (6%) were released, 51 (6%) were livecapture. The status of the remaining five individuals (1%), false killer whales, is unknown. A total of eight species were captured, sold & killed including: Bottlenose Dolphins (T. gilli), False Killer Whales (P. crasssidens), Pacific White-sided Dolphins (L. obliquidens), 5

Pantropical Spotted Dolphins (S. attenuata), Risso's Dolphins (G. griseus), Short-finned Pilot Whale (G. macrorhynchus) and Striped Dolphins (S. coeruleoalba). See Table 2 below. Table 2. 2011/2012, drive hunt results by species SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP Bottlenose 24 13 False KW 8 4 Pilot Whale, SF 0 0 Rissos Dolphin 232 29 Rough-toothed 0 0 Spotted, Pantrop 131 2 Striped Dolphin 324 1 White-sided, Pac 0 2 TOTALS 719 51

REL. 24 0 3-4 16 2 0 2 0 48

UNK 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 5

TOTAL 61 17 3-4 272 2 133 327 2 823

2.2. 2010/2011 Season (01 Sep 2010 to 04 May 2011)


The following numbers for the 2010/2011 season are not official statistics but rather reflect reports given by witness on-site in Taiji, Japan during the 2010/2011 season. (Sea Shepherd Conservation Society). The 2010/2011 season started on September 1 st, 2010 and appeared to end on February 26th, 2011 however in May an extension of the season was granted and a pod of pilot whales was driven into the cove on May 4 th and May 5th of 2011. During this season an estimated 1,297 animals have driven into the cove at Taiji, Japan. Of this total 849 (65%) have been killed, 181 (14%) have been released and 98 (8%) were live-capture. The status of the remaining 169 (13%) individuals is unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (54%), Risso's Dolphins (4%), Striped Dolphins (20%), Pantropical Spotted Dolphins (2%), Pacific White-sided Dolphins (2%) and Short-finned Pilot Whales (4%). See Table 2. Table 3. 2010/2011, drive hunt results by species SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP Bottlenose 311 62 Pilot Whale, SF 35 2 Rissos Dolphin 220 11 Spotted, Pantrop 30 0 Striped Dolphin 251 2 White-sided, Pac 2 21 TOTALS 849 98 6

REL. 158 13 7 0 0 3 181

UNK 169 0 0 0 0 0 169

TOTAL 700 50 238 30 253 26 1297

For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan have a total of 62 cetacean exports from Japan between January 2011 and June 2011 to a total of four countries: China, who received 44 animals, the Republic of Georgia who received seven animals, Tunisia who received five animals and South Korea who received six animals. Through online news articles Ceta-Base can account for 35 animals exported from Japan during 2011 & six animals between 09 Sep 2010 and 07 Dec 2010. They are listed below with the date of export followed by country, receiving park and finally, species with number of individuals in parenthesis (most recent first). Table 4. Exports from Japan, Aug 2011 Jan 2011 26-Aug-2011 CN: Royal Fushun Sea World 29-Jul-2011 CN: Hefei Sea World May/Jun 2011 TN: Friguia Park 18-May-2011 CN: Qingdao Polar Ocean World 17-May-2011 CN: Polar Ocean Park 30-Mar-2011 CN: Changsha Underwater World 17-Mar-2011 KR: Hanwha Resort (Aqua Planet) 17-Mar-2011 CN: Nanjing Underwater World 17-Mar-2011 CN: Beijing Aquarium 17-Mar-2011 CN: Tianjin Polar Ocean World 24-Feb-2011 GE: Batumi Aquarium 17-Jan-2011 CN: Ningbo Ocean World Table 5. Exports from Japan, Dec 2010 Sep 2010 19-Sep-2010 CN: Beijing Aquarium 19-Sep-2010 CN: Beijing Aquarium

Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Pacific White-sided Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Spotted Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins

(3) (3) (5) (4) (4) (4) (6) (2) (2) (8) (7) (3)

Bottlenose Dolphins Pacific White-sided

(4) (2)

In addition to animals transferred internationally a total of 22 have been tracked and confirmed in domestic trade to aquariums in Japan. 8 of the 22 were moved between Jan 2011 and Apr 2011. The remaining 14 were transported between Oct 2010 and Dec 2010. See Table 6, next page.

Table 6. Domestic Trade, transfers within Japan (Apr 2011 Oct 2010) 16-Apr-2011 JP: Iruka Park Bottlenose Dolphins 01-Feb-2011 JP: Dolphin Island (Oita) Pacific White-sided 13-Jan-2011 JP: Shimoda Aquarium Bottlenose Dolphins 07-Dec-2011 JP: Katsurahama Aquarium Bottlenose Dolphins ??-Dec-2011 JP: Dolphin Land, Shibuishi Bay Bottlenose Dolphins 11-Oct-2010 JP: Nanki Shirahama Adv World Rissos Dolphin 11-Oct-2010 JP: Unk Facility Rissos Dolphin 05-Oct-2010 JP: Suma Aqualife Park Bottlenose Dolphins

(3) (3) (2) (2) (4) (1) (1) (2)

2.3. Calendar Year, 2009 (Seasons 2008/2009 & 2009/2010)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2009, which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2008/2009 season includes dates 01 Jan 2009 to 30 Apr 2009 and the start of the 2009/2010 season which dates 01 Sep 2009 to 31 Dec 2009. The numbers are sourced from the Japan Progress Report on Small Cetacean Researches maintained by the Japanese Fisheries Agency and are consider official statistics however since there is no independent oversight on fisheries activities its possible that numbers are incorrectly reports. In 2009, a total of 1,242 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,122 (90%) were killed and 120 (10%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (28%), Pacific White-sided Dolphin (1%), Risso's Dolphins (27%), Short-finned Pilot Whales (18%) and Striped Dolphins (26%). See Table 7. Table 7. 2009 (2008/2009 & 2009/2010 seasons - drive hunt results by species SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK Bottlenose 254 98 Unk 0 Pilot Whale, SF 218 1 Unk 0 Rissos Dolphin 328 8 Unk 0 Striped Dolphin 321 0 Unk 0 White-sided, Pac 1 13 Unk 0 TOTALS 1,122 120 Unk 0

TOTAL 353 219 336 321 14 1,242

For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total 34 animals exported to three countries: Korea (8), China (22) and the Philippines (4) Ceta-Base can account for 27 animals exported during the 2009 calendar year. See Table 8, next page

Table 8. Exports from Japan, 2009 25-Dec-2009 CN: Changsha Underwater World 15-Dec-2009 CN: Beijing Aquarium ??-Sep-2009 PH: Ocean Adventure, Subic Bay 25-Jun-2009 CN: Dalian Laohutan Polar OW 25-Jun-2009 CN: Dalian Laohutan Polar OW 16-Apr-2009 CN: Diao Mountain WAP 05-Mar-2009 CN: Hefei Sea World ??-???-2009 KR: Jangsaengpo Whale Museum ??-???-2009 KR: Pacific Land

Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Spotted Dolphins Pacific White-sided Rissos Dolphin Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins

(2) (5) (4) (3) (1) (2) (2) (4) (4)

2.4. Calendar Year, 2008 (Seasons 2007/2008 & 2008/2009)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2008, which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2007/2008 season includes dates 01 Jan 2008 to 30 Apr 2008 and the start of the 2008/2009 season which dates 01 Sep 2008 to 31 Dec 2008. The numbers are sourced from the Japan Progress Report on Small Cetacean Researches maintained by the Japanese Fisheries Agency and are consider official statistics however since there is no independent oversight on fisheries activities its possible that numbers are incorrectly reported. In 2008, a total of 1,495 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,402 (94%) were killed and 96 (6%) were live-capture. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops spp), Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (S. attenuata), Pacific White-sided Dolphin (L. obliquidens), Risso's Dolphins (G. griseus), Short-finned Pilot Whales (G. macrorhynchus) and Striped Dolphins (S. coeruleoalba). Results by species are listed in Table 9, next page

Table 9. 2008 (2007/2008 & 2008/2009 seasons - drive hunt results by species SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK Bottlenose 240 57 Unk 0 Pilot Whale, SF 98 1 Unk 0 Rissos Dolphin 208 8 Unk 0 Spotted, Pantrop 329 9 Unk 0 Striped Dolphin 528 5 Unk 0 White-sided, Pac 5 16 Unk 0 TOTALS 1,402 96 Unk 0

TOTAL 297 99 216 329 533 21 1,495

For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total 56 animals exported to five countries: China (27), Iran (12), Korea (1), Turkey (12) and United Arab Emirates (4) Ceta-Base can account for 54 animals exported during the 2008 calendar year, missing only 1 export to China and the single animal to Korea. See Table 10, next page. Table 10. Exports from Japan, 2008 27-Nov-2008 CN: Dalian Laohutan Ocean Park 27-Nov-2008 CN: Dalian Laohutan Ocean Park 11-Nov-2008 CN: Ningbo Ocean World 11-Nov-2008 CN: Ningbo Ocean World ??-Oct-2008 UA: Dubai Dolphinarium 28-Sep-2008 CN: Huangzhou Polar Ocean Park 23-Sep-2008 CN: Huangzhou Polar Ocean Park 23-Sep-2008 CN: Huangzhou Polar Ocean Park 13-Sep-2008 CN: Hefei Sea World 13-Sep-2008 CN: Hefei Sea World 30-May-2008 CN: Penglai Ocean Polar World 06-Feb-2008 TR: Sealanya 06-Feb-2008 TR: Unk location/facility ??-???-2008 IR: Kish Island Dolphin Park ??-???-2008 IR: Kish Island Dolphin Park

Bottlenose Dolphins Pacific White-sided Bottlenose Dolphins Rissos Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Pilot Whales, SF Bottlenose Dolphins Rissos Dolphins False Killer Whale Rissos Dolphin Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Pacific White-sided

(4) (2) (4) (2) (4) (2) (5) (2) (1) (1) (3) (10) (2) (6) (6)

2.5. Calendar Year, 2007 (Seasons 2006/2007 & 2007/2008)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2007, which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2006/2007 season includes dates 01 Jan 2007 to 30 Apr 2007 and the start of the 2007/2008 season which dates 01 Sep 2007 to 31 Dec 2007.

10

In 2007, a total of 1,239 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,149 (93%) were killed and 90 (7%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (24%), Risso's Dolphins (25%), Short-finned Pilot Whales (20%) and Striped Dolphins (31%). See Table 11. Table 11. 2007 (2006/2007 & 2007/2008 seasons - drive hunt results by species) SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 223 77 Unk 0 300 Pilot Whale, SF 238 5 Unk 0 243 Rissos Dolphin 304 8 Unk 0 312 Striped Dolphin 384 0 Unk 0 383 TOTALS 1,149 90 Unk 0 1,239 For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total 29 animals exported to two countries: China (25) and the Philippines (4). Ceta-Base can account for 23 animals, confirming the 4 to the Philippines and 19 to China, exported during the 2007 calendar year. See Table 12. Table 12. Exports from Japan, 2007 19-Sep-2007 CN: Nanjing Underwater World 06-Aug-2007 CN: Qingdao Polar Ocean World 06-Aug-2007 CN: Qingdao Polar Ocean World 17-Jul-2007 CN: Guangzhou Ocean World ??-???-2007 PH: Ocean Adventure

Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins False Killer Whales Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins

(2) (8) (5) (4) (4)

2.6. Calendar Year, 2006 (Seasons 2005/2006 & 2006/2007)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2006, which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2005/2006 season includes dates 01 Jan 2006 to 30 Apr 2006 and the start of the 2006/2007 season which dates 01 Sep 2006 to 31 Dec 2006. In 2006, a total of 1,624 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,499 (92%) were killed and 125 (8%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown.

11

Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (18%), False Killer Whale (2%), Pantropical Spotted Dolphins (25%), Risso's Dolphins (14%), Short-finned Pilot Whales (12%) and Striped Dolphins (29%). See Table 13. Table 13. 2006 (2005/2006 & 2006/2007 seasons - drive hunt results by species) SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 205 80 Unk 0 285 False KW 6 24 Unk 0 30 Pilot Whale, SF 190 8 Unk 0 198 Rissos Dolphin 232 0 Unk 0 232 Spotted, Pantrop 387 13 Unk 0 400 Striped Dolphin 479 0 Unk 0 479 TOTALS 1,499 125 Unk 0 1,642 For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total 11 animals exported to one country: China (11). Ceta-Base can account for four animals exported during the 2006 calendar year. See Table 14. Table 14. Exports from Japan, Dec 2006 ??-Apr-2006 CN: Fushun Royal Sea World

Bottlenose Dolphins

(4)

2.7. Calendar Year, 2005 (Seasons 2004/2005 & 2005/2006)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2005, which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2004/2005 season includes dates 01 Jan 2005 to 30 Apr 2005 and the start of the 2005/2006 season which dates 01 Oct 2005 to 31 Dec 2005. In 2005, a total of 1,062 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,022 (96%) were killed and 40 (4%) were live-capture. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops spp), Risso's Dolphins (G. griseus), Short-finned Pilot Whales (G. macrorhynchus) and Striped Dolphins (S. coeruleoalba). See Table 15.

12

Table 15. 2005 (2004/2005 & 2005/2006 seasons - drive hunt results by species) SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 249 36 Unk 0 285 Pilot Whale, SF 38 2 Unk 0 40 Rissos Dolphin 340 0 Unk 0 340 Striped Dolphin 395 2 Unk 0 397 TOTALS 1,022 40 Unk 0 1,062 For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total 18 animals exported to two countries: China (17) and Taiwan (1). Ceta-Base can account for 11 animals, all in China, exported during the 2005 calendar year. See Table 16. Table 16. Exports from Japan, 2005 15-Jun-2005 CN: Dalian Sun Asia Ocean World ??-Apr-2005 CN: Qingdao Polar Ocean World

Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins

(8) (3)

2.8. Calendar Year, 2004 (Seasons 2003/2004 & 2004/2005)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2004, which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2003/2004 season includes dates 01 Jan 2004 to 30 Apr 2004 and the start of the 2004/2005 season which dates 01 Oct 2004 to 31 Dec 2004. In 2004, a total of 1,676 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,537 (92%) were killed and 102 (8%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (35%), Risso's Dolphins (27%), Short-finned Pilot Whales (4%) and Striped Dolphins (34%). See Table 17. Table 17. 2004 (2003/2004& 2004/2005 seasons - drive hunt results by species) SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 475 95 Unk 0 570 Pilot Whale, SF 62 0 Unk 0 62 Rissos Dolphin 437 7 Unk 0 444 Striped Dolphin 554 0 Unk 0 554 TOTALS 1,537 102 Unk 0 1,676

13

For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total 14 animals exported to three countries: China (5), Philippines (4) and Taiwan (5). Ceta-Base can account for 11 animals, confirming the five to Taiwan, four to Philippines and just two to China, exported during the 2004 calendar year. See Table 18. Table 18. Exports from Japan, 2004 03-Jun-2004 CN: Nanning Zoo ??-???-2004 PH: Ocean Adventure ??-???-2004 TW: Hualien Farglory Ocean Park

Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins

(2) (4) (5)

2.9. Calendar Year, 2003 (Seasons 2002/2003 & 2003/2004)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2003, which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2002/2003 season includes dates 01 Jan 2003 to 30 Apr 2003 and the start of the 2003/2004 season which dates 01 Oct 2003 to 31 Dec 2003. In 2003, a total of 872 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 842 (96%) were killed and 30 (4%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (14%), False Killer Whale (2%), Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (12%), Risso's Dolphins (22%), Short-finned Pilot Whales (6%) and Striped Dolphins (44%). See Table 18. Table 19. 2003 (2002/2003 & 2003/2004 seasons - drive hunt results by species) SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 105 16 Unk 0 121 False KW 12 5 Unk 0 17 Pilot Whale, SF 55 0 Unk 0 55 Rissos Dolphin 186 6 Unk 0 186 Spotted, Pantrop 102 3 Unk 0 105 Striped Dolphin 382 0 Unk 0 382 TOTALS 842 30 Unk 0 872 For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total eight animals exported to one country: China (8).

14

Ceta-Base can confirm a total of 10 animals exported during the 2003 calendar year. See Table 20. Table 20. Exports from Japan, 2003 ??-Nov-2003 CN: Guangzhou Ocean World 20-Mar-2003 CN: Beijing Aquarium

Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins

(4) (6)

2.10. Calendar Year, 2002 (Seasons 2001/2002 & 2002/2003)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2002 which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2001/2002 season includes dates 01 Jan 2002 to 30 Apr 2002 and the start of the 2002/2003 season which dates 01 Oct 2002 to 31 Dec 2002. In 2002, a total of 2,018 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,935 (96%) were killed and 76 (4%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (38 %), False Killer Whale (0$%), Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (20%), Risso's Dolphins (11%), Short-finned Pilot Whales (3%) and Striped Dolphins (28%). See Table 21. Table 21. 2002 (2001/2002 & 2002/2003 seasons - drive hunt results by species) SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 688 72 Unk 0 760 False KW 7 0 Unk 0 7 Pilot Whale, SF 55 0 Unk 0 55 Rissos Dolphin 220 1 Unk 0 221 Spotted, Pantrop 400 3 Unk 0 400 Striped Dolphin 565 0 Unk 0 565 TOTALS 1,935 76 Unk 0 2,018 For animals that were live-capture Trade Statistics of Japan reports a total 17 animals exported to two countries: China (6) and Taiwan (11). Ceta-Base can account for 13 animals exported during the 2002 calendar year. See Table 22.

15

Table 22. Exports from Japan, 2002 30-Apr-2002 CN: Nanning Zoo 10-Apr-2002 CN: Beijing Aquarium ??-???-2002 TW: Hualien Farglory Ocean Park

Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins Bottlenose Dolphins

(2) (2) (11)

* The dolphins sent to Beijing Aquarium in April 2002 were just there for holding, they were later transferred to Shanhaguan Happy Ocean Park in Nov 2002.

2.11. Calendar Year, 2001 (Seasons 2000/2001 & 2001/2002)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2001 which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 2000/2001 season includes dates 01 Jan 2001 to 30 Apr 2001 and the start of the 2001/2002 season which dates 01 Oct 2001 to 31 Dec 2001. In 2001 a total of 1,226 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 1,191 (98%) were killed and 28 (2%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops spp), False Killer Whale (P. crassidens), Risso's Dolphins (G. griseus), Short-finned Pilot Whales (G. macrorhynchus) and Striped Dolphins (S. coeruleoalba). Results by species are listed below: Table 23. 2001(2000/2001 & 2001/2002 seasons - drive hunt results by species) SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 195 12 Unk 0 207 False KW 18 11 Unk 0 29 Pilot Whale, SF 210 2 Unk 0 212 Rissos Dolphin 350 3 Unk 0 353 Striped Dolphin 418 0 Unk 0 418 TOTALS 1,191 28 Unk 0 1,226 Ceta-Base does not currently have any records of animals exported during the 2001 calendar year.

2.12. Calendar Year, 2000 (Seasons 1999/2000 & 2000/2001)


The following capture statistics represent data collected for the calendar year, 2000 which actually overlaps two seasons of the drive hunt - the end of the 1999/2000 season includes dates 01 Jan 2000 to 30 Apr 2000 and the start of the 2000/2001 season which dates 01 Oct 2000 to 31 Dec 2000. 16

In 2000 a total of 2,077 animals were captured during the drive hunts in Wakayama (Taiji). Of this total 2,009 (97%) were killed and 68 (3%) were live-capture.. Specifics of the hunts by the day and details such as the number of animals released are currently unknown. Species captured, sold & killed include: Bottlenose Dolphins (65%), Pantropical Spotted Dolphins (1%), Risso's Dolphins (18%), Short-finned Pilot Whales (5%) and Striped Dolphins (11%). See Table 24, next page.

Table 24. 2000 (1999/2000 & 2000/2001 seasons - drive hunt results by species SPECIES KILL LIVE-CAP REL. UNK TOTAL Bottlenose 1,271 68 Unk 0 1,339 Pilot Whale, SF 109 0 Unk 0 109 Rissos Dolphin 367 0 Unk 0 367 Spotted, Pantrop 27 0 Unk 0 27 Striped Dolphin 235 0 Unk 0 235 TOTALS 2,009 68 Unk 0 2,077 Ceta-Base does not currently have any records of animals exported during the 2000 calendar year.

Coming Soon! PART TWO: THE TRADE An Inventory of Drive Hunt Dolphins

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3.0. REFERENCES & CITATIONS


Trade Statistics of Japan, Ministry of Finance http://www.customs.go.jp/toukei/info/index_e.htm Numbers of Dolphins Exported from Japan: Elsa Nature Conservancy http://en.elsaenc.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/ELSANumber_of_Dolphins_Exported_from_Japan.pdf The Dolphin Drive Hunt: Appropriate Management? Observations from the Emergency Extension of the Hunting season of the Dolphin Drive Hunt in Taiji. Elsa Nature Conservancy http://en.elsaenc.net/report/dolphin-drive-hunt/ Driven by Demand: Dolphin Drive Hunts in Japan and the Involvement of the Aquarium Industry. Whale & Dolphin Conservation Society http://www.wdcs.org/submissions_bin/drivenbydemand.pdf 2009: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, Apr 2009 - Mar 2010. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2009-jpfisheries.pdf 2008: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, Apr 2008 - Mar 2009. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2008-jpfisheries.pdf 2007: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, Apr 2007 - Mar 2008. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2007-jpfisheries.pdf 2006: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, May 2006 - Mar 2007. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2006-jpfisheries.pdf 2005: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, May 2005 - Apr 2006. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2005-jpfisheries.pdf 2004: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, May 2004 - Apr 2005. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2004-jpfisheries.pdf 2003: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, Apr 2003 - Apr 2004. (PDF) 18

http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2003-jpfisheries.pdf

2002: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, May 2002 - Mar 2003. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2002-jpfisheries.pdf 2001: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, Jun 2001 - Apr 2002. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2001-jpfisheries.pdf 2000: Japanese Fisheries Agency. Japan Progress Report of Small Cetacean Researches, May 2000 - May 2001. (PDF) http://www.ceta-base.com/library/drivehunt/2001-jpfisheries.pdf 3 new dolphins to Fushun Royal Ocean World (title translated, original Chinese). LN China News. 27 Aug 2011. http://www.ln.chinanews.com/html/2011-08-27/325786.html Keywords: Fushun Royal Ocean World 9 dolphins airborne Wuhan Polar Ocean World (title translated, original Chinese). Finance QQ.com . 17 Sep 2011 http://finance.qq.com/a/20110917/000284.htm Keywords: Wuhan Polar Ocean World Dolphin Center Tsudacho Japan Tsuruha Sanuki, (photo) the addition of two new dolphins. Two horses currently in training, which aims to chance to interact with visitors in summer. (title translated, original Japanese). Yoimuri Shimbun. 30 Jun 2011 Keywords: Japanese Dolphin Center, Rissos dolphin In Ningbo Ocean World celebrate the three dolphins settled (title translated, original Chinese). China Society of Fisheries. 21 Jan 2011 http://www.csfish.org.cn/csf/showInfo.asp?id=483 Keywords: Ningbo Ocean World Japan will give Georgia's seven dolphins (title translated, original Russia). Rosbault.ru. 10 Feb 2011 http://www.rosbalt.ru/main/2011/02/10/817959.html Keywords: Batumi Dolphinarium (Republic of Georgia) [Jeju] Aquarium showcase dolphins' express Operation transport (title translated, original Korean). SBS. 18 Mar 2011 http://news.sbs.co.kr/section_news/news_read.jsp?news_id=N1000879685 Keywords: Hanwa Resort Hotel, Bottlenose 19

November 27, Dalian Tiger Beach Ocean Park, Polar Museum staff in the lifting transport dolphins (title translated, original Chinese). Pet4.Org. 12 Feb 2008 http://news.pet4.org/fish/news/2008/0941423062864839.shtml Keywords: Dalian: Laohutan Ocean Park Polar Park again six Japanese dolphin (title translated, original Chinese). Huangzhou City Express. 18 May 2011 http://jrsh.hangzhou.com.cn/ent/content/2011-05/18/content_3729996.htm Keywords: Huangzhou Polar Park Saakashvili opens dolphinarium in Batumi. News.Az. 07 May 2011. http://www.news.az/articles/georgia/35947 Keywords: Batumi Dolphinarium (Republic of Georgia) Three heads join Katsumotoch Iki Park City Dolphins (title translated, original Japanese). 19 Apr 2011 Keywords: Iruka Park Iki City Ulsan, Japan in February next year comes two dolphins (title translated, original Korean). Yo Hap News Agency Korea. 22 Nov 2011 http://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/economy/2011/11/22/0302000000AKR2011112206600 0057.HTML Welcome to Iki! ~ 3 ~ dolphin head long. Iki Park Blog of the Dolphin Staff. Posted: 07 May 2011 http://ikiirukapark.blog114.fc2.com/blog-entry-60.html Keywords: Iruka Park Iki City Dan, Han. Pilot whales to stay in Hangzhou Ocean Park eat 20 kilograms of squid (title translated, original Chinese). Zhejiang Online. 01 Oct 2008 http://news.ifeng.com/society/2/200810/1001_344_813551.shtml Keywords: Huangzhou Ocean Park, pilot whales & Rissos

Gengshen , Ma. 10 dolphins imported from Osaka, Japan travel J56222 flight arrived in Tianjin Binhai International Airport. (title translated, original Chinese). Business Times. 17 Mar 2011 http://china.huanqiu.com/roll/2011-03/1572503.html Keywords: Tianjin Polar Ocean World Hill, Heather. Day 16: Rest in Peace Jiyu. My Porpoise Driven Life . Posted: 10 Nov 2011. (blog) http://myporpoisedrivenlife.blogspot.com/2011/11/day-16-rest-in-peace-jiyu.html 20

Keywords: Taiji Whale Museum, Jiyu (real name Teru) Hitoshi, Kurasawa. Dolphins: two female heads, join Katsurahama Aquarium (title translated, original Japanese). Mainichi.jp 30 Dec 2010 Keywords: Katsurahama Aquarium (Urato Aquarium) Liao, Xi Zhang. Liaobu: Hong Zoo invites you to view dolphins (title translated, original Chinese). Dayang - Information Times. 19 Apr 2011 http://roll.sohu.com/20110419/n306026204.shtml Keywords: Dongguan Hong Zoo, Pantropical spotted dolphins Lvke, Xie Minmin Wang Huan. Hefei Evening News three Japanese dolphin baby arrived (title translated, original Chinese). Hefei Evening News http://www.hfuww.com/news_show.php?cat_id=7&art_id=165 Keywords: Hefei Sea World Makoto, Hazime. Dolphins: "Land Shibushi Bay dolphins," debuts next spring, opening day of arrival to the head 4. (title translated, original Japanese). Mainichi.jp 30 Dec 2010 Keywords: Dolphin Bay (Shibushi) Na, Shengxiao. Gray dolphins in Japan arrived in Qingdao will be shipped to the Rongcheng Wild Animal Park (title translated, original Chinese). Peninsula Metropolitan. 22 Apr 2009 http://www.bbwfish.com/article.asp?artid=68678 Keywords: Diao Mountain Park, Rissos Peilifukai, Zhang. Male and female dolphins ability to mate to see good fortune. Hefei Online. 31 Jul 2011. http://roll.sohu.com/20110731/n315019712.shtml Keywords: Hefei Sea World Xin, Ye. Dolphins from Japan tested for radiation at Changsha (English). People's Daily Online. 15 Apr 2011. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90783/91321/7336248.html Xiangming, Shen Ran Sun. Japan dolphin to Ning, the first "verification" (title translated, original Chinese). China News Daily. 18 Mar 2011. http://www.csdaily.com.cn/html/shishang_ly/2011-3-18/11318105546734201096.html Keywords: Nanjing Underwater World Yanan, Sun. Qingdao was first introduced into Japan sickle fin (title translated, original Chinese). Sina News. 20 May 2011. http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2011-05-20/025322496293.shtml Keywords: Qingdao Polar Ocean World, Pacific white-sided dolphins (sickle fin) 21

Yin, Ru. Dolphin began in fat "calm life". Japanese trainer will be a few days in Hefei, to help them adapt to the new home (title translated, original Japanese). Hefei Online . 30 Jul 2011. http://news.hf365.com/system/2011/07/30/011039807.shtml Keywords: Hefei Sea World Yuan , Zhang Xiufeng Zhai. Tianjin Customs rapid clearance of 10 from Japan. Huanqui.com . 17 Mar 2011 http://china.huanqiu.com/roll/2011-03/1572503.html Keywords: Tianjin Polar Ocean World, Beijing Aquarium, Bottlenose, Spotted dolphins Zhengzhou dolphin aquariums in Japan to see (title translated, original Japanese). http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2011-07-05/000222755417.shtml Keywords: Zhenghou Aquarium

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