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The Mettur Dam is one of the largest dams in India built in 1934.[1] It was constructed in a gorge, where the Kaveri River enters the plains. The dam is one of the oldest in India[citation needed]. It provides irrigation facilities to parts of Salem, the length of Erode, Namakkal, Karur, Tiruchirappali and Thanjavur district for 271,000 acres (110,000 ha) of farm land. The total length of the dam is 1,700 m (5,600 ft). The dam creates Stanley Reservoir. The Mettur Hydro Electrical power project is also quite large. The dam, the park, the major Hydro Electric power stations and hills on all sides make Mettur a tourist attraction. Upstream from the dam is Hogenakal Falls.

The Lower Bhavani Project Canal is a 125-mile long irrigation canal, runs majority in Erode and terminates in the border of Karur districts of Tamil Nadu, India and irrigates 2.07 lakh hectares of land.[1] It is a valley-side contour canal and is fed by the Bhavani River.[2] In 2007 the canal breached its banks near the village of Chinniampalayam in Thiruvachi panchayat, causing flooding. Officials blamed erosion of the sand at the base of the banks

The Papanasam dam is located 49 kilometres (30 mi) away from Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, India. Dam is useful to irrigate 86,107 acres (34,846 ha) of paddy field cultivated in Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts.[1]

Papanasam Hydroelectric Power Plant

Papanasam Hydroelectric Power Plant was a design capacity of 32 MW. It has four Francis turbine-generators. The first unit was commissioned in 1944 and the last in 1951. It is operated by Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO)


The North Chennai Thermal Power Station is a power station situated about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Chennai city.[1] It is one of the major power plants of Tamil Nadu and has a total installed capacity of 630 MW[2][3][4]


The North Chennai Thermal Power Station was commissioned in the year 1994 in Thiruvallur district. It was built there due to its proximity to the Ennore Port, which also supplies Ennore Thermal Power Station. It has won various awards for productivity and reduction in auxiliary consumption.[2][5] The coal necessary for the power station arrives from the Ennore Port.[2] Recently a Stator was brought to the station via the sea.[6] In recent years due to shortage of coal in the state, coal is being imported to function the power plant.[7]

The Ennore Thermal Power Station is a coal based power plant located in Tamil Nadu . Ennore Thermal Power Station was constructed to serve the purpose of energy generation in the year 1970. It is one of the four major thermal power plants of Tamil Nadu established by TANGEDCO. Presently it has an installed capacity of 450-MW.[1] The necessary coal arrives through ship to the Ennore Port.[2][3] However the construction of the 1000 MW plants in the premise began in the year 2007.[4][5][6] The Station presently consists of two 60-MW and three 110-MW units. A 500-MW coal based unit is proposed and its development started in the month of November 2007.[7] The total cost of the venture was 270 crores

The Mettur Thermal Power Station is a coal-fired electric power station located in Salem district of Tamilnadu. It is operated by Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited. The power station was commissioned during various periods from 1987 and this is the first inland thermal Power Station of TANGEDCO.The coal from Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (Talcher and Ib Valley) and Eastern Coalfields Limited (Raniganj and Mugma) are transported to the load ports of Paradip (Orissa), Vizag (Andhra Pradesh) and Haldia (West Bengal). Thereafter the coal is transported to the discharge ports of Ennore and Tuticorin by ships. From Ennore Port the coal is transported again through rail to Ennore Thermal Power Station and Mettur Thermal Power Station.

Madras Atomic Power Station located at Kalpakkam about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Chennai, India, is a comprehensive nuclear power production, fuel reprocessing, and waste treatment facility that includes plutonium fuel fabrication for fast breeder reactors (FBRs). It is also India's first fully indigenously constructed nuclear power station. It has two units of 220 MWe capacity each. The first and second units of the station went critical in 1983 and 1985 respectively. The station has reactors housed in a reactor building with double shell containment ensuring total protection even in the remotest possibility of loss of coolant accident. An Interim Storage Facility [ISF] is also located in Kalpakkam.

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power station in Koodankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The plant's first reactor is the first Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR) belonging to the Light Water Reactor (LWR) category in India, and the 21st nuclear power reactor in the country. N. Nagaich, Executive Director (corporate planning and corporate communications) of the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL), described the first unit at Kudankulam as "the harbinger of the large-size LWR technology in India".[1] Construction on the plant began on 31 March 2002,[2] but faced several delays.[3] Long construction times for nuclear reactors are common in India,[2] but this delay was partly due to the 500-day long anti-nuclear protests by the locals, led by the People's Movement Against Nuclear Energy (PMANE).[3][4] The first reactor of the plant attained criticality on 13 July 2013 at 11.05pm IST. The plant was commissioned six years after the scheduled date. It is expected to begin power generation before the end of August 2013.[5] The original cost of the two units was 13,171 crore, but it was later revised to 17,270 crore. Russia advanced a credit of 6,416 crore to both the units.[1]