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PR E S E N T SI M P L E

Se folosete prezentul simplu pentru a vorbi despre fapte care sunt in general adevrate i rutine in special cnd specificam ct de des. Ex: The planets go round the sun. Venus orbits the sun. Flowers bloom in the spring. Sound travels al 332 metres per second. M !ather never gets up late " have brea#!ast al eight o$cloc#. The %rime Minister always addresses parliament on Tuesda . " don$t smo#e. The never ta#e their holida s in the summer. Se folosete uneori in istorisirea de povesti sau glume despre trecut Ex: " wal# into the shop and as# !or the ring and the woman behind the counter tells me the $re closed& Se folosete in comentarii cnd se descrie scurte aciuni ndeplinite cum au fost descrise Ex: So' now " brea# the egg' add it to the other ingredients and put the mixture in the pan. Se poate folosi la exprimarea viitorului cnd se refera la un timp anume Ex: (ur bus arrives at )).)* on +ednesda morning. (ur plane leaves at , am tomorrow morning. The !ilm starts al - pm. School starts again next Monda . Se poate folosi dup if, when, until, as soon as, before, after, cnd o alta parte a propoziiei indic viitorul Ex: +e$ll have plent o! time !or lunch i! the train arrives on time. +hen ou get here' we$ll visit the museum.

PR E S E N T CO N T I N U O U S
se folosete cnd se vorbete despre aciuni ce se petrec in acel moment .i& +hat are ou two doing/ 0othing reall . +e$re 1ust tal#ing. se folosete cnd se vorbete despre aciuni dintr-un prezent mai lung(dar tot temporal) Ex: 2re ou doing an thing interesting these da s/ 3es. "$m learning to drive. pentru situai care se sc imb Ex: 3our English is improving& pentru a te plnge despre o situaie temporala Ex: 3ou$re eating m ice cream& c iar si despre obiceiuri folosindu-se mereu !al"a#s$ Ex: M sister$s always wearing m clothes& unele verbe (stative verbs) nu sunt folosite in mod normal in forma continua Ex: That soup smells great& " thin# he$s a composer. %b& appear' seem' believe' realise' suppose' t in(' recognise' understand' (no"' remember' see ()understand) disli(e' ate' prefer' love' li(e' "ant' "is ear' sound' smell' taste o"n' possess' belong' include' need' o"e mean' matter' surprise *otui unele dintre acestea pot fi folosite intr-un sens diferit ce verbe de aciune. +tunci pot lua forma continua Ex: +h are ou smelling our !ood/ "s something wrong/

4e 5uiet a minute' "$m thin#ing& se folosete pt viitor cnd se vorbete despre aran,amente fixe din viitor(in general nu se poate folosi pentru a nlocui !"ill$ Ex: 2re ou meeting the director tomorrow/ 3es. "$m seeing him at )) o$cloc#.

PA S T SI M P L E
se !olose6te pentru ac7iuni ce au avut loc in trecut la un moment determinat Ex: France won the +orld 8up in )99-. in special pentru o serie de ac7iuni terminate Ex: The girl wal#ed out o! the house' got into the car and drove o!!. sau pentru ac7iuni repetate Ex: She stopped three times !or petrol and arrived in Vienna 2: hours later. Trecutul este !ie indicat ;)99-< !ie sugerat ;at the time o! the stor = at the time we$re tal#ing about< 2dv: two da s ago' last wee#' esterda

PA S T CO N T I N U O U S
Se !olose6te pentru a descrie o scen> din trecut Ex: +e were late and when we got there people were tal#ing' drin#ing and eating' and some were dancing to the band' which was pla ing a tango. Se !olose6te c?nd se vorbe6te despre ceva care s@a Ant?mplat de1a la un moment din trecut Ex: 2t eight o$cloc# last night' " was watching Tv. Se !olose6te in situa7ii Antrerupte de past simple Ex: The old miner was loo#ing !or water when he saw the gold. (bserva7i di!eren7ele dintre: +hen " got there' Mar was leaving ;ea era pe punctul de a pleca oricum< 6i +hen " got there' Mar le!t ;a plecat dup> ce am venit' din cauBa mea<

T H E FU T U R E

WILL

Se folosete -"ill$ pentru viitor n general i mai ales pentru o predic7ii Ex: 3ou$ll love 4udapest& o promisiuni Ex: " won$t tell an one our secret o o!erte Ex: +e$ll help ou with the washing up' Mum. o cereri Ex: +ill ou give me a ride to school tomorrow/ o Se folosete -./01. */$ pentru a vorbe despre planuri Ex: M brother$s going to visit Condon soon. inten7ii Ex: "$m going to bu that magaBine. 2tunci c?nd sunt preBente doveBi ale unei predic7ii

GOING TO

Ex: +e$re on the last lap and Schumacher$s going to win the .ungarian Drand %rix& o Ee cele mai multe ori c?nd going to este !olosit cu verbul go verbul este omis. Ex: "$m going ;to go< !or a ride. Eo ou want to come/ o (bserva7i di!eren7ele dintre inten7iile si deciBiile luate in acel moment "$m going to have lunch at the ca!eteria. Dood idea& " thin# "$ll come with ou.

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o Se folosete present continuous s se vorbeasc despre argumente fixe din viitor. Ex: 2re ou meeting the director tomorrow/ 3es. "$m seeing him at )) o$cloc#. o Fn general nu se poate !olosi present continuous in loc de will. Ex: "t$ll be cold tomorrow. She will be twent on 3rd Ma . .e won$t expect that&

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o o Se folosete present simple pentru a vorbi despre un orar cu referire la viitor Ex: (ur bus arrives at )).)* on +ednesda morning. Se mai poate folosi 2resent simple dup if, when, until, as soon as, before, after, cnd o alta parte a propoziiei indic viitorul Ex: +e$ll have plent o! time !or lunch i! the train arrives on time. +hen ou get here' we$ll visit the museum. Se folosete future continuous pentru a vorbi despre aciuni care se vor ntmpla la un moment din viitor Ex: "n three hours$ time' "$ll be relaxing in the ca!eteria with a cup o! co!!ee. Se mai poate !olosi !uture continuous in mod similar cam se !olose6te present continuous pentru viitor dar cu mai mult accent pe elementul de viitor Ex: +e$ve en1o ed our sta and we$ll be coming bac# again next ear. Se mai poate !olosi si cum present continuous nu poate pentru a da ideea unui eveniment ce este repetat in viitor Ex: .e$ll be meeting a lot o! di!!erent people in his new 1ob. Se folosete future perfect simple sau continuous pentru ideea c ceva va fi terminat intr-un moment al viitorului. Ex: 3ou$ll have eaten all the biscuits be!ore the guests arrive i! ou don$t stop. 4 the next month we$ll have been living here !or ten ears. 2oate fi folosit n legtur cu un lucru din viitor n acelai fel cum prezent perfect poate fi folosit pentru o perioad pn i ce poate include i prezentul. Se folosete deseori -b#$. 4 the time "$m 3G' " will have spent more than !our ears watching television. 4 the ear 2G2G' we will have used -GH o! the world$s oil. ;ntmplrile din viitor care nu sunt prea sigure' aa ca acest timp este folosit dup t in(' ope' expect' etc& " thin# " will have !inished m homewor# b seven o$cloc#. " expect we will have started a new boo# b this time next ear. " hope " will have !ound a 1ob b the time " leave school.

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