Sunteți pe pagina 1din 265

SC ELECTRICA S.A.

3LI - I 165 2012

INSTRUCIUNI TEHNOLOGICE
pentru msurarea, analiza i remedierea sgeilor la conductoarele
LEA de m.t. n exploatare

Bucureti 2012

Elaborator : ing. Mihai VOICU - SC Electrica S.A.

CUPRINS

1. Domeniul de aplicare ...........................................................................................


2. Terminologia, abrevierile i simbolurile ................................................................
3. Condiii de dimensionare a LEA m.t ....................................................................
3.1.Montarea conductoarelor pe stlpi, distane, gabarite ...................................
4. Proiectarea- Expertizarea unei LEA 20 kV .........................................................
4.1. Proiectarea unei linii noi .................................................................................
4.2. Analiza unei linii existente ............................................................................
5. Condiii de coexisten a liniilor electrice aeriene cu conductoare neizolate cu
elemente naturale, obiecte, construcii, instalaii etc. din vecintate. ...................

4
4
11
12
81
81
90
104

ANEXE

Anexa 1
Anexa 2
Anexa 3
Anexa 4

Conductoare neizolate utilizate la LEA de medie tensiune ....................


Stlpi utilizai la LEA 20 kV ...............................................................
Console utilizate la LEA 20 kV .........................................................
Tabele de traciuni i sgei pentru conductoare ACSR,
n conformitate cu NTE 003/04/00 ........................................................
Anexa 5 - Raport cu incidentele produse n reelele de distribuie de medie
tensiune, n 2011 ....................................................................................

3LI - I 165 2012

115
119
143
155
265

1. Domeniul de aplicare
Aceast instruciune se aplic la lucrrile de ntreinere i de depistare a neconformitilor
aferente LEA de MT n exploatare, simplu sau dublu circuit cu conductoare neizolate, pe stlpi de
beton, metal sau lemn cu izolatoare suport sau lanuri de izolatoare.
2. Terminologia, abrevierile i simbolurile folosite n textul instruciunii :

Aliniament
Apropiere a LEA de un
obiect oarecare
Armturi

Cazuri excepionale sau


obligate

Circuit al unei LEA


Cleme
Conductoare ale LEA

Conductoare active

Culoar de trecere
(de funcionare) a
liniei electrice

Culoar de exploatare a
LEA
4

Poriune de linie electric aerian compus dintr-una sau mai


multe deschideri, n care linia i menine direcia (figura 1).
Acea situaie de vecintate n care LEA nu ncrucieaz
obiectul respectiv.
Dispozitive cu ajutorul crora se asambleaz i se monteaz
conductoare, izolatoare i alte accesorii ale liniilor electrice
aeriene.
Acele cazuri n care, din considerente tehnico-economice, nu
se pot aplica prevederile normativului.
Ansamblu de conductoare active care constituie o cale
independent de vehiculare a energiei electrice i poate fi
trifazat, bifazat sau monofazat.
Dispozitive care se afl n contact direct cu calea de curent i
permit executarea legturilor electrice i mecanice.
Funii metalice ntinse liber ntre punctele de prindere la stlpi
sau
alte construcii speciale, aparinnd LEA, indiferent dac sunt
sau nu sub tensiune.
Conductoare care servesc drept ci de curent pentru
transportul sau distribuia energiei electrice, putnd fi unice
pe faz sau ansambluri de dou sau mai multe pe faz, caz n
care se numesc fasciculare.
Conductoarele active pot fi neizolate, izolate sau izolate i
torsadate.
Suprafa terestr situat de-a lungul liniei electrice aeriene i
spaiul aerian de deasupra sa, n care se impun restricii i
interdicii din punctul de vedere al coexistenei liniei cu
elementele naturale, obiectele, construciile, instalaiile etc.;
Culoarul de trecere include zona de protecie i zona de
siguran.
Fie de teren neamenajat, situat n lungul traseului liniei,
ntre drumurile de acces permanente existente n zon,
permind accesul pedestru al personalului de exploatare.
3LI - I 165 2012

Culoar de lucru a LEA

Fie de teren care poate fi ocupat temporar, situat de


regul de-a lungul axului liniei, cuprins ntre platformele de
montaj, necesar montrii conductoarelor, accesului utilajelor
i transportului materialelor de montaj.
Distan msurat pe vertical ntre punctele de prindere ale
Denivelare, hi
conductorului la doi stlpi consecutivi (figura 1).
Distan msurat pe orizontal ntre axele a doi stlpi
Deschidere, ai
consecutivi (figura 1).
Deschidere convenional, la care punctele de prindere ale
Deschidere nominal, an
conductoarelor se gsesc n acelai plan orizontal, terenul este
plan, iar la sgeata maxim, gabaritul la sol al liniei este cel
minim admisibil, rezultat ca o valoare optim din calculele
tehnico-economice.
Deschiderii nominale i corespunde nlimea normal
(nominal) a stlpilor (figura 1).
Deschidere virtual, ah, a Distan la locul n care orizontala dus printr-unul din
punctele de prindere ale conductorului intersecteaz curba
unei deschideri denivelate
real a conductorului sau prelungirea ei, dup cum punctul
considerat este inferior sau superior punctului de prindere al
conductorului la stlpul adiacent (figura 1).
Semisum a deschiderilor reale adiacente unui stlp, de care
Deschidere la ncrcri
depind ncrcrile orizontale care acioneaz asupra stlpului,
din vnt, av
provenite din presiunea vntului pe conductoare (figura 1).
Semisum a deschiderilor virtuale adiacente unui stlp, de
Deschidere la
care depind ncrcrile verticale care acioneaz asupra
ncrcri verticale, ag
stlpului, provenite din greutatea conductoarelor (figura 1).
Deschideri la ncrcri din vnt, av, i la ncrcri verticale,
Deschideri de
ag, adoptate la dimensionarea stlpilor, pe baza criteriilor de
dimensionare a stlpilor
acoperire a tuturor amplasamentelor de pe traseul unei linii
electrice aeriene, cu luarea n considerare a criteriilor
tehnico-economice (la stlpii normali se adopt, de regul,
deschiderile de dimensionare:
av = (1,05 1,1)an i ag = (1,4 1,6)an pentru zona
meteorologic de dimensionare.
Deschidere real ntre doi stlpi consecutivi n care se
Deschidere la distana
realizeaz o sgeat a conductorului maxim permis de
ntre faze, af
distana minim existent pe stlp ntre conductoarele
diferitelor faze sau ntre acestea i conductoarele de protecie.
De regul, af = (1,2 1,3) an.
Fie de teren cu limea de 2,75 m care se ocup temporar
Drum de acces
pentru accesul mijloacelor de transport la culoarul de lucru a
LEA.
Ansamblu de conductoare, izolatoare, cleme i armturi,
Echipament al LEA
montat pe stlpii LEA.
For calculat de rupere a For determinat n mod convenional, n funcie de
caracteristicile mecanice ale materialelor firelor componente
unui conductor multifilar
i de alctuirea constructiv a conductorului, potrivit
standardelor de conductoare n vigoare. n cazul conduc.
multifilare nestandardizate, fora se determin cu ajutorul
metodei indicate n standardele de conductoare similare.

3LI - I 165 2012

For minim de rupere a


unui conductor multifilar

Fundaii ale stlpilor


Instalaii de legare la
pmnt ale LEA

Izolatoare
ncrcri normate
ncrcri de calcul

ncruciare a LEA cu
un obiect oarecare

Legtur dubl

Legtur de siguran

Linie aerian de energie


electric - denumit i
linie electric aerian
(LEA)

Lungime a liniei de fug

For de rupere a conductorului determinat prin ncercri, a


crei valoare nu trebuie s fie mai mic de 95% din valoarea
sarcinii de rupere calculate.
Elemente de construcie cu ajutorul crora se fixeaz n sol
stlpii, inclusiv ancorele acestora.
Instalaii care stabilesc n mod voit legtura cu pmntul a
elementelor bune conductoare de curent electric, care nu fac
parte din cile de curent, dar care pot ajunge accidental sub
tensiune.
Elemente componente ale LEA cu ajutorul crora se
realizeaz izolarea prilor aflate sub tensiune ntre ele i fa
de prile legate la pmnt.
Valori extreme ale ncrcrilor (maxime sau minime
probabile), definite statistic, realizabile cu o anumit
probabilitate (95 97,5)%.
Valori extreme ale ncrcrilor care se realizeaz cu o
probabilitate de 99,9% i care se determin prin nmulirea
ncrcrilor normate cu coeficienii pariali de siguran i cu
cei de grupare a ncrcrilor.
Acea situaie n care, n proiecie orizontal, cel puin unul din
conductoarele LEA, n poziie normal sau deviat i obiectul
respectiv se intersecteaz.
Legtur a conductorului de faz la stlpii de susinere sau
ntindere ai unei linii electrice aeriene cu izolatoare suport,
executat cu ajutorul a dou izolatoare, pe unul dintre
izolatoare executndu-se legtura principal a conductorului
care preia efortul din conductor n regimul normal de
funcionare a liniei, iar pe cellalt izolator efectundu-se
legtura care este pregtit s intervin n cazul deteriorrii
legturii principale.
Legtur auxiliar a conductorului de faz la un stlp de
susinere cu izolatoare suport, executat cu ajutorul unei
buci de conductor dispus la nivelul gtului izolatorului, pe
partea dinspre stlp i fixat mecanic de conductor, de o parte
i de alta a izolatorului de susinere, pentru mpiedicarea
cderii conductorului pe sol n cazul ruperii legturii de
susinere.
Instalaie montat n aer liber care servete la transportul i
distribuia energiei electrice fiind alctuit din conductoare,
izolatoare, cleme, armturi, stlpi, fundaii i instalaii de
legare la pmnt. Din punct de vedere constructiv, LEA pot
fi: simplu circuit, dublu circuit sau multiplu circuit.
Lungime minim msurat pe suprafaa izolaiei externe ntre
prile metalice cu potenial electric diferit. Cnd izolaia este
compus din mai multe elemente separate prin pri metalice,
drept lungime a liniei de fug a izolaiei se consider suma
lungimilor liniilor de fug ale diferitelor elemente, exclusiv
prilor bune conductoare de electricitate.

3LI - I 165 2012

Lungime specific a liniei Raport dintre lungimea total a liniei de fug a izolatorului,
de fug

Mediu cu pericol de

explozie
Panou de ntindere

Pri de construcie ale

LEA
Platform de lucru a LEA

Poluare atmosferic

Poriuni speciale de traseu

Priz natural de pmnt a


LEA

Priz artificial de pmnt


Regim normal de

funcionare al unei LEA

Regim de avarie al unei

LEA

Reea electric

3LI - I 165 2012

exprimat n centimetri i tensiunea cea mai ridicat a reelei


ntre faze, exprimat n kilovoli (cm/kV).
Spaiu n care se manipuleaz sau se vehiculeaz produse
explozive, definit conform normativului ID 17.
Poriune de linie compus dintr-una sau mai multe deschideri,
cuprins ntre doi stlpi de ntindere consecutivi (figura 1).
Elemente care susin deasupra solului echipamentele LEA i
cuprind: stlpi, fundaii i alte construcii speciale.
Suprafa de teren n jurul stlpilor necesar pentru execuia
de lucrri noi, de modernizare, de retehnologizare sau de
mentenan a LEA.
Stare a aerului atmosferic impurificat cu substane (gaze, praf
etc.) care, n condiii de exploatare, poate da natere, la
suprafaa izolatorului, unui mediu conductor electric.
Acele poriuni din traseul liniei, n care apare coexistena
LEA cu elementele naturale, obiectele, obiectivele,
instalaiile, construciile etc., situate n imediata apropiere a
liniei sau cu care linia se ncrucieaz.
Fa de acestea, linia trebuie realizat, astfel nct s se
asigure, pe de o parte, buna funcionare a liniei, iar pe de alt
parte, condiiile necesare existenei i funcionrii n bune
condiii a elementelor afectate de prezena liniei.
Priz de pmnt constituit din elemente conductoare n
contact permanent cu solul, ale unor construcii sau instalaii
destinate diferitelor scopuri, dar care pot fi folosite n acelai
timp pentru trecerea curentului de defect, dac elementele
conductoare sunt legate electric direct ntre i la prile
metalice ale LEA.
Priz de pmnt ale crei elemente componente sunt
constituite special pentru trecerea curentului de defect.
Regim n care linia n ansamblu i elementele sale
componente se gsesc n stare de funcionare, fr a fi
afectate prin ruperi, deformri etc.
Regim n care apar deformri ale elementelor componente,
ruperi sau topiri ale conductoarelor, ruperi de izolatoare,
cleme i armturi, ruperea sau pierderea stabilitii stlpilor
sau a fundaiilor etc., urmate n general de ntreruperea
funcionrii liniei.
Regimul de avarie al unei LEA, considerat ca ipotez de
calcul, este regimul n care izolatoarele i lanurile de
izolatoare, stlpii i fundaiile LEA sunt solicitate n mod
diferit fa de regimul normal de funcionare n urma ruperii
conductoarelor sau izolatoarelor.
Ansamblu de linii, inclusiv elemente de susinere i de
protecie a acestora, staiile electrice i alte echipamente
electroenergetice conectate ntre ele.

Rezisten mecanic

Valori ale acestor mrimi care se realizeaz cu o asigurare de


cel puin 95% i care se stabilesc statistic ca valori
normat i sarcin
caracteristice normate, corespunztoare unui coeficient de
mecanic normat
variaie normat care are o valoare reprezentativ pentru
calitatea de ansamblu a produciei, n perioada respectiv.
Valori ale rezistenei mecanice normate, respectiv ale sarcinii
Rezisten mecanic de
mecanice normate, mprite printr-un coeficient de siguran
calcul i sarcin mecanic
al materialului sau elementului constructiv respectiv, care se
de calcul
realizeaz cu o asigurare de cel puin 99,9%.
Raport ntre valoarea forei de rupere calculate, respectiv a
Rezisten de rupere
forei de rupere minime i seciunea real a conductorului.
calculat, prc, i rezisten
de rupere minim, pr min,
ale unui conductor funie
Sgeat a unui conductor Distan msurat pe vertical ntre punctul respectiv de pe
curba conductorului i dreapta care unete cele dou puncte
ntr-un anumit punct
de suspensie ale conductorului.
Cnd suspensia se realizeaz prin intermediul unor lanuri de
ntindere, punctele de suspensie se consider la prinderea
lanurilor de elementele stlpilor. n funcie de condiiile
climato-meteorologice existente la un moment dat, sgeata
conductorului ntr-un anumit punct poate avea diferite valori
(de exemplu: maxim, minim, medie). Cea mai mare sgeat
a conductorului poate fi considerat practic la mijlocul
deschiderii (figura 1).
Sum a seciunilor firelor componente ale conductorului.
Seciune real a unui
conductor funie, Sc
Seciune nominal a unui Valoare rotunjit a seciunii sale reale, valoare care servete
la denumirea conductorului; n cazul conductoarelor alctuite
conductor funie
din
dou metale, se exprim prin valorile rotunjite ale seciunilor
ambelor metale.
Construcii din metal, beton armat, lemn sau alte materiale
Stlpii LEA
care susin echipamentul LEA deasupra solului.
Suprafa de teren determinat de figura geometric rezultat
Suprafa a fundaiei
din perimetrarea fundaiei stlpului deasupra solului, inclusiv
stlpului LEA
a ancorelor.
Tensiune nominal a unei Valoare efectiv a tensiunii ntre faze, prin care este definit
linia
i
linii, Un
la care se refer unele caracteristici de funcionare ale
acesteia.
Valoare efectiv maxim a tensiunii ntre faze care poate s
Tensiune maxim de
apar
serviciu, Um
n condiii normale de funcionare n orice punct al liniei,
ntr-un moment oarecare.
Traciune n conductor, T Rezisten care ia natere n conductor, nmulit cu seciunea
real
a conductorului, n diferite stri de funcionare.

3LI - I 165 2012

Traciune orizontal, To,


n conductor
Traversare i
subtraversare
Unghi de protecie de
referin
Zon de protecie

Zon de siguran

Zone cu circulaie
frecvent

Zone cu circulaie redus


Zon a drumului

Valoare a traciunii n punctul n care tangenta la curba


conductorului este orizontal.
Acele ncruciri n care LEA trece pe deasupra, respectiv pe
sub obiectul ncruciat.
Unghi de protecie realizat la stlpul LEA pentru condiii de
dimensionare a LEA.
Zon adiacent capacitii energetice, extins n spaiu, n
care se introduc interdicii privind accesul persoanelor i
regimul construciilor.
Zon adiacent capacitilor energetice, extins n spaiu, n
care se instituie restricii i interdicii n scopul asigurrii
funcionrii normale i pentru evitarea punerii n pericol a
persoanelor, bunurilor i mediului; zona de siguran cuprinde
i zona de protecie.
Zone din:
interiorul perimetrului construibil al localitilor;
curile locuinelor din afara perimetrului construibil al
localitilor;
unitile industriale, agricole, de transporturi, militare
etc.,
situate
n afara localitilor, inclusiv o poriune de 15 m de la
gardul unitii, mai puin obiectivele energetice (staii,
centrale);
n afara localitilor unde pot aprea frecvent aglomerri
de persoane, cum sunt: locurile amenajate pentru
agrement i turism, popasuri, campinguri, staii ale
unitilor de transport n comun etc.
Nu se consider zone cu circulaie frecvent incintele
ngrdite unde are acces numai personalul de serviciu special
instruit, precum i zonele din apropierea drumurilor i
oselelor din afara localitilor.
Zone care nu se ncadreaz n categoriile celor cu circulaie
frecvent.
Poriune a amprizei drumului, plus cte dou fii laterale, de
fiecare parte a ei, denumite zone de siguran, respectiv de
protecie
(figura 12). Limea zonei drumului se stabilete prin
planurile de situaie sau proiectele de construcie,
modernizare
i
modificare
a drumurilor, ntocmite potrivit normelor stabilite prin lege.

Abrevieri:
LEA
LTc
PE
Un
Um

Linie Electric Aerian;


Linie de Telecomunicaii;
Prescripie Tehnic;
Tensiune nominal;
Tensiune maxim de serviciu.

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 2.1. Explicitarea grafic a noiunilor aliniament, panou, deschideri, denivelri.

10

Poriunea de traseu ntre stlpii 1 i 3 constituie aliniament;


Poriunea de linie ntre stlpii 1 i 3, constituie panou; stlpii 1, 3 sunt stlpi de
ntindere, iar stlpul 2 este stlp de susinere;
an
- este deschiderea nominal;
a1 , a2 - deschiderile reale;
av2 - deschiderea la ncrcri din vnt;
ag2 - deschiderea la ncrcri verticale;
ah
- deschiderea virtual;
h1, h2 - denivelri;
fn
- sgeata conductorului corespunztoare deschiderii nominale;
hc
- nlimea de prindere a conductorului;
hg
- gabaritul minim la sol;
2 - unghiul dintre dou aliniamente consecutive ale liniei.
3LI - I 165 2012

3. Condiii de dimensionare a LEA m.t


Construcia LEA m.t i dimensionarea acestora n ultimii 50 ani, s-a fcut n conformitate
cu normele n vigoare la momentul respectiv. Analiza unei linii electrice aeriene se va face numai
n funcie de anul punerii n funciune corelat cu normativul care era n vigoare la momentul
proiectrii liniei.
Dac facem o comparaie ntre prescripia nr.4 1960 Prescripii pentru construcia liniilor
aeriene de energie electric peste 1000 V i NTE 003/04/00 Normativ pentru construcia liniilor
aeriene de energie electrica cu tensiuni peste 1000 V din punct de vedere al condiiilor impuse
pentru conductoare ( tabelul 3.1.) se desprind urmtoarele aspecte:
Tabelul 3.1. Evoluia conductoarelor utilizate la LEA m.t. n ultimii 50 de ani.
Conductor
Construcie
Masiv
Funii
1.

2.

Zona meteo

Material
I
Prescripia nr.4 - 1960
Cupru, oel, bronz
Nu se admit
Aluminiu i aliajele lui
Nu se admit
Cupru, oel, bronz
16 mm2
Aluminiu i aliajele lui
25 mm2

II
10 mm2
Nu se admit
10 mm2
16 mm2

Conductorii activi se monteaz cu o traciune normal, pentru care trebuie s se asigure un coeficient de
siguran la ncrcri maxime :
a. Pentru conductorii funie .......................................... 2;
b. Pentru conductorii masivi ........................................ 2,5.
Conductorii activi se monteaz cu o traciune redus pentru care trebuie s se asigure un coeficient de
siguran la ncrcri maxime :
a. Pentru conductorii funie .......................................... 2,5;
b. Pentru conductorii masivi ........................................ 3,2.

NTE 003/04/00
Funii

Oel
Aluminiu-oel,
Aliaje de aluminiu-oel
Aliaje de aluminiu

16 mm2
25 mm2
25 mm2

Calculul mecanic al conductoarelor se efectueaz dup metoda la stri limit, n care rezistenele de calcul
sunt stabilite n procente din rezistena de rupere calculat a conductorului, prc.
Prin calcul, se urmrete ca rezistenele mecanice de calcul s nu fie depite cu mai mult de 5% n punctele
de prindere ale conductorului n cleme, la diferite stri de funcionare.

Pn n anii 70 axele liniilor electrice aeriene erau echipate (n marea majoritate) cu


conductoare funie din aluminiu - oel de 50 mm2 , iar conductoarele de AlOl-70 mm2 se
montau cu traciunea maxim a conductoarelor de AlOl-50mm2;
ntinderea conductoarelor (n special n zona II meteo) se realiza cu izolatoare suport tip
Is-Ns 20kV ( rezistena la ncovoiere 1000 daN);
Eforturile n conductoare au impus anumite tipuri de coronamente specifice zonelor meteo,
care la rndul lor a impus momentul capabil i nlimea stlpului utilizat.
Se va avea n vedere eforturile maxime la care au fost proiectate elementele componente
ale LEA m.t. pentru a nu fi depite n cazul schimbrii conductoarelor, sau la rentinderea
conductoarelor care au fluat peste limitele impuse. Pn n 1985 calculul mecanic al LEA m.t. se
fcea dup metoda coeficientului de siguran admisibil, ncepnd cu PE 104/1985 s-a adoptat
metoda de dimensionare la stri limit.
3LI - I 165 2012

11

Sgeata pe care o face un conductor ntr-o deschidere depinde de:


materialul din care este confecionat conductorul;
de tipul conductorului (multifilar sau masiv);
de distana ntre punctele de suspensie;
factori climatici.
n funcie de sgeata conductorului se determin :
dispoziia fazelor unui circuit n spaiu (coronamentul);
nlimea stlpului pentru a se asigura gabaritul impus, de normele n vigoare.
3.1 Montarea conductoarelor pe stlpi, distane, gabarite
Montarea conductoarelor pe stlpi se va realiza, astfel nct s se respecte distanele
minime admisibile ntre prile aflate sub tensiune, ntre acestea i prile legate la pmnt.
Distanele minime admisibile ntre conductoarele active i ntre conductoarele active i cele
de protecie, n poziii nedeviate, dup condiia apropierii n deschidere, rezult din relaia de mai
jos:
U
n
[m],
d k f l

iz

150

unde:
fc este sgeata maxim n deschidere, a conductoarelor, n m *);
liz - lungimea lanului de izolatoare, n m (pentru lanuri de izolatoare de ntindere, de
susinere montate n V i pentru izolatoare suport, liz = 0);
Un - tensiunea nominal a liniei, n kV **);
k - coeficientul care depinde de tensiunea nominal a liniei, de materialul i seciunea
conductoarelor i de poziia lor pe stlp *).
La aezarea pe orizontal sau pe vertical a conductoarelor, coeficientul k ia valorile lui kv,
respectiv kh, din tabelul 3.2, n care:
kv este coeficientul la aezarea conductoarelor pe vertical (aproximativ n acelai plan
vertical);
kh - coeficientul de aezare a conductoarelor pe orizontal (n acelai plan orizontal).
Tabelul 3.2. Valorile coeficienilor kv, kh. (conform NTE 003/04/00)
Materialul conductoarelor
Oel i oel
aluminat
(alumoweld)

Aluminiu i
aliaje de
aluminiu

12

16 150
150
-

110 kV

Oel
aluminiu i
conductoare
izolate

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


10 16
25 35
70 95
95

Tensiunea liniei, Un

16 70
95 150
185 300
300

Coeficientul
kv

kh

0,85
0,75
0,70
0,70

0,65
0,62
0,60
0,60

3LI - I 165 2012

Not:
(*)
(**)

- pentru conductoare din materiale sau seciuni diferite se ia n considerare conductorul


pentru care sgeata este cea mai mare, respectiv coeficientul k este cel mai mare;
- pentru circuite cu tensiuni nominale diferite, montate pe aceiai stlpi, se ia n
considerare valoarea cea mai mare a tensiunii.
Pentru aezri oarecare ale conductoarelor, coeficientul, k, se determin cu relaia:
b2
,
k k (k k )
h
v
h
a 2 b2

n care kv i kh sunt coeficienii cuprini n tabelul 3.2, iar a i b au semnificaia din figura 3.1.

Figura 3.1. Coronament de susinere

Pentru conductoarele de seciuni diferite, din materiale diferite sau cu sgei diferite,
se verific distana d ntre conductoare, n ipoteza c unul dintre conductoare este supus presiunii
maxime a vntului, iar cellalt presiunii unui vnt cu o vitez mai mic cu 20% dect primul.
Distana ntre conductoare n aceast ipotez trebuie s fie mai mare dect Un / 150, ns nu
mai mic de 0,20 m.
Distanele de separare minime admise ntre conductoare n cazul galoprii, saltului
conductoarelor sau al pendulrii asincrone se consider : 0,20 m pentru LEA 20 kV;
Distanele minime admisibile pe stlpi ntre prile aflate sub tensiune i prile legate la
pmnt sunt precizate n tabelul 3.
S analizm fiecare coronament utilizat n LEA m.t. din punct de vedere al sgeilor
maxime admise .

3LI - I 165 2012

13

Tabelul 3.3.

Distane minime admisibile ntre prile aflate sub tensiune i


prile legate la pmnt pe stlpi.

Condiia
climatometeorologic

Tensiunea nominal a liniei, Un


1 kV Un 20 kV
Distana minim (cm)

Modul de solicitare LEA


la tensiuni

Temperatura medie,
Supratensiuni de trsnet
25
viteza vntului 0 10 m/s *)
Temperatura medie,
Tensiunea maxim de
10
vnt maxim
funcionare normal
*) Din intervalul (0 10) m/s se alege acea valoare a vitezei vntului care conduce la cea
mai defavorabil situaie creat prin devierea prilor aflate sub tensiune n raport cu cele legate la
pmnt

Verificarea la pendulare
d=(fmax+li)2sin+Un/150

Distana pe orizontal ntre faze d[m]

2.5

1.5

0.5

0
0

Sgeata cond. + lungimea lanului de susinere

Figura 3.2.

14

10

[m]

Diagrama pentru verificarea distanei orizontale minime ntre faze


din condiia de pendulare (=6)

3LI - I 165 2012

Verificarea la galopare
Fenomenul de galopare se caracterizeaz prin amplitudini relativ mari ale micrii
conductoarelor care poate s ating valori de ordinul sgeilor i prin frecvene relativ mici de
ordinul a 0,1 . 1 Hz . Acest fenomen este provocat de vnturi avnd viteze de 3 pn la 22 m/s pe
conductoare acoperite cu chiciur. Forma profilului stratului de chiciur influeneaz apariia
fenomenului de galopare i valorile amplitudinilor . Datorit circulaiei de aer n jurul
conductorului astfel ncrcat apare o for portant. Fenomenul apare n cazul vibraiilor instabile
cu viteze n general mai mari de 7m/s i poate conduce la solicitri foarte puternice ale clemelor i
lanurilor de izolatoare sau la strpungeri ale spaiului dintre faze sau fa de pmnt
Pentru a explica vibraia conductorului este necesar a ine seama i de elasticitatea
acestuia fiind necesar astfel a rezolva o problem de aeroelasticitate . Pe baza ecuaiilor ce
exprim egalitatea dintre energiile cinetice i energiile poteniale ale conductorului se poate
determina amplitudinea maxim a oscilaiilor n funcie de viteza vntului i de frecvena proprie a
conductorului. Analiza cinematografic a galoprii conductoarelor simple a artat c, n
majoritatea cazurilor micrile conductoarelor s-au compus din micri de torsiune sincrone cu
oscilaii verticale . Studiile experimentale efectuate pe modele la scar natura1 au permis
determinarea locului geometric al punctelor de pe conductoare supus aciunii vntului . ntr-o
seciune transversa1, curba descris de conductor este cuprins n interiorul unei elipse
Galoparea poate cauza ntreruperi n exploatare cnd dou conductoare din faze diferite
se apropie suficient de mult unele de altele pentru a da natere la arcuri electrice
Practica curent arat c nici un dispozitiv de control n-a putut demonstra un
comportament real al conductoarelor supuse la asemenea micri i c se prevd n continuare
distane verticale mari pentru a prentmpina atingerea fazelor. Fenomenul de galopare nu are
totui o rspndire i o frecven de apariie prea mare pe teritoriul rii noastre ntlnindu-se n
zonele cu depuneri frecvente de chiciur i n terenuri deschise (platouri cmpii culmi de deal,
culmi de munte fr pduri sau plcuri de copaci). nfurtoarea punctelor n care se dep1aseaz
un conductor n timpul ga1oprii este asimi1at cu o e1ips a1ungit avnd axa mare aproximativ
de dou ori mai mare dect axa mic, elipsa nclinat fa de vertical (fig.3.3).

Figura 3.3.

3LI - I 165 2012

Locul geometric al unui punct de pe conductor


n timpul galoprii

15

Verificarea distanelor ntre conductoare la galopare se face prin stabilirea funciei :


s = f(h)
pentru care conductoarele se apropie la distana minim admis
n aceast funcie s-au utilizat notaiile:
s - distana pe orizontal ntre dou conductoare nvecinate;
h - distana pe vertical ntre aceleai conductoare .
Stabilirea relaiei de calcul se face lund n considerare urmtoarele ipoteze:
a)
conductoarele diferitelor faze galopeaz cu amplitudini egale i numr egal de
semiunde n deschidere ;
b)
domeniile de galopare ale conductoarelor nvecinate sunt delimitate prin elipse care
au raporturi egale ntre axa mare i axa mic i sunt orientate identic n spaiu
(elipsele I i II din fig. 3.4.) ;
c)
ntre elipsele de galopare se menin distantele de izolare n aer curba rezultat din
aceste condiii este aproximativ o elips (elipsa I ) ;
d)
conductoarele sunt deviate de vnt cu acelai unghi ;
e)
axa mare (a) a elipsei rezult din nsumarea amplitudinilor a1 i a2 (a2 > al)(fig. 3.3 );
f)
sgeata conductorului n timpul galoprii se consider la starea determinat de
temperatura de -5C conductoarele fiind ncrcate cu chiciur .
Elipsele I i II corespund conductoarelor C1 i C2, elipsele II i II reprezint elipsele
unor posibile zone de galopare a conductorului C2 (fig.6.), iar elipsele III reprezint nfurtoarea
punctelor 2 2 2 ... care se gsesc pe conductoarele C2 C2 C2 ...
Elipsa III are axa mare 2a + 2 i axa mic 2b + 2 .
Elipsa IV se obine prin translaia elipsei III, astfel ca centrul elipsei s ajung n centrul de
prindere 1 de consol al lanului i conductorului .
Se consider c o apropiere periculoas ntre conductoare este evitat, dac punctul de prindere
al conductorului C2 este pe elips (la limit) sau n afara elipsei IV.
Ecuaia elipsei IV este :
x2
( b ) 2

y2
( a ) 2

Notnd cu k gradul de contracie al elipsei :


k

b
a

rezult expresia variabilei x :

x k (a ) 2 y 2
Trecerea de la sistemul de axe de coordonate x,y la sistemul de axe s,h se face prin intermediul
relaiilor :
x s cos( el ) h sin( el )

y s sin( el ) h cos( el )
n care e1 este unghiul de nclinare a elipsei IV (fig.6.)
nlocuind expresiile coordonatelor x si y rezu1t :

hB
(b ) 2 C
B2 2
h


2
2A
A
A
4

unde coeficienii A,B i C au expresiile :


A cos 2 ( el ) k 2 sin 2 ( el )
16

3LI - I 165 2012

B (1 k 2 ) sin(2 el )
C sin 2 ( el ) k 2 cos 2 ( el )

Figura 3.4. Galoparea ntre dou conductoare active,


definirea mrimilor geometrice principale.

Figura 3.5. Galoparea ntre dou conductoare active.

3LI - I 165 2012

17

Tabelul 3.4. Valori recomandate pentru mrimile de calcul


Mrimea de calcul
Unghiul de nclinare al conductorului activ (ch)
Unghiul de nclinare a axei mari a elipsei
Mrimea axei mari a elipsei : a
(m)
Mrimea axei mici a elipsei : b (m)
Distana minim admis ntre elipsele galoprii

(m)

Galopare intens
i frecvent

Galopare
intens

Galopare
redus

15

14

14

ch
2

ch
2

ch
2

1 + 0,45 fch
0,45 fch
0,5+0,225 fch
0,14 fch
0,2 la LEA 20 kV

0,3 fch
0,14 fch

fch - sgeata conductorului ncrcat cu chiciur la temperatura de -5C .

Coronament de susinere din beton, dispunerea fazelor n triunghi

Figura 3.6. Coronament triunghi din beton pe stlp de beton


1.
3.
5.
7.

18

Vrfar din beton; 2. Izolator suport Is-Ns 20;


Conductor activ; 4. Consola de beton;
Cleme de alunecare CA; 6. Conductor de fixare;
Platband de Al 10x1mm.
3LI - I 165 2012

a)

b)

Figura 3.7. Coronament triunghi din beton pe stlp de beton,


cu legturi duble
a) montaj corect ; b) montaj incorect
1. Vrfar din beton; 2. Izolator suport Is-Ns 20;
3. Cleme de alunecare CA; 4. Cleme de blocare CB;
5. Consola de beton;

a)
Figura 3.8.

b)
Coronament triunghi din beton pe stlp de beton,
cu legturi duble n exploatare
a)

3LI - I 165 2012

montaj corect ; b) montaj incorect

19

Tabelul 3.5. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
16 70
150
95 150

kv
0,85
0,75

kh
0,65
0,62

Sgeata
Coronament
triunghi
m
2,52
3,17

Tabelul 3.6. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

Coronament triunghi
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
4,27
3,97
3,80
4,49
4,11
3,90
4,68
4,23
3,99
4,96
4,41
4,12

Tabelul 3.7. Sgeata maxim din condiia galoprii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)

kv

kh

16 70
95 150

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

Coronament triunghi
Galopare
Frecvent
Intens
Redus
i intens
0,60

3,01

4,61

Coronamentul triunghi nu poate fi folosit n zone cu galopare frecvent i intens.


Seciunea maxim admis este de 70 mm2.

20

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament de susinere orizontal

Figura 3.9. Coronament orizontal de susinere CSO 1100(1385)


Tabelul 3.8. Distana ntre faze la coronamentele orizontale din exploatare
Tip coronament orizontal
CMO 1050
CMO 1250
CMO 1400
CSO 1100
CSO 1385

3LI - I 165 2012

Distana ntre faze, d n [m]


1,050
1,250
1.400
1,100
1,385

21

Figura 3.10.

Figura 3.11.

22

Coronament orizontal de susinere legturi duble, montaj corect

Coronament orizontal de susinere legturi duble, montaj incorect

3LI - I 165 2012

n figura 3.11 ( coronament orizontal de susinere, montaj neconform cu specificaiile emise


de SC Electrica SA, improvizaii ale constructorilor), sgeile indic locul unde ar fi trebuit s fie
conductorul pozat pe izolatorii suport.
n prezenta specificaie ncercm s readucem n atenia factorilor interesai, concepia i
modul cum trebuie proiectat i realizat o linie electric aerian de medie tensiune cu conductoare
neizolate. Se impune o mai mare exigen la punerea n oper a materialelor i echipamentelor unei
LEA - m.t cu responsabiliti clare pe faze de execuie, cu refuzarea punerii sub tensiune dac
lucrarea nu este conform cu proiectul.

Tabelul 3.9. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i
aliaje de
Oel aluminiu
aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV
Sgeata
Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,75

kh
0,65
0,62

CSO 1100

CSO 1385

m
2,211
2,431

m
3,708
4,076

Tabelul 3.10. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

CSO 1100
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
2,96
2,75
2,63
3,11
2,85
2,70
3,24
2,93
2,76
3,44
3,06
2,85

Tabelul 3.11. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120

3LI - I 165 2012

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

CSO 1385
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
3,90
3,62
3,47
4,09
3,75
3,56
4,26
3,86
3,63
4,53
4,02
3,75

23

Tabelul 3.12. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i
aliaje de
Oel aluminiu
aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV
Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,75

kh
0,65
0,62

CMO
1050
m
1,99
2,19

Sgeata
CMO
1250
m
2,95
3,24

CMO
1400
m
3,80
4,17

Tabelul 3.13. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

CMO 1050
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
2,80
2,60
2,49
2,94
2,69
2,55
3,06
2,77
2,61
3,25
2,89
2,69

Tabelul 3.14. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

CMO 1250
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
3,45
3,21
3,07
3,63
3,32
3,15
3,78
3,42
3,22
4,01
3,57
3,33

Tabelul 3.15. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120
24

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

CMO 1400
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
3,95
3,66
3,51
4,15
3,79
3,60
4,32
3,90
3,68
4,58
4,07
3,80
3LI - I 165 2012

n situaia n care linia i schimb direcia cu un anumit unghi, distana ntre faze se
micoreaz n raport cu unghiul respectiv (fig.11).

Figura 3.12.

Coronament orizontal de susinere n col,


legturi duble, montaj corect

D1= dsin

Tabelul 3.16. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Unghiul
liniei
2

Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

[]
190
180
170

3LI - I 165 2012

Oel
aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor
(mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Tipul consolei
CMO 1050

Coeficientul
kv

kh

0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62

D1

Sgeata

1,050

1,047

1,050

1,037

1,050

1,021

25

1,975
2,171
1,933
2,125
1,865
2,050

Tabelul 3.17. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Unghiul
liniei
2
g

[]
190
180
170

Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel
aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor
(mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Tipul consolei
CMO 1250

Coeficientul
kv

kh

0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62

D1

Sgeata

1,250

1,246

1,250

1,235

1,250

1,215

2,931
3,222
2,871
3,155
2,772
3,046

Tabelul 3.18. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Unghiul
liniei
2
[g]
190
180
170

Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel
aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor
(mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Tipul consolei
CMO 1400

Coeficientul
kv

kh

0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62

D1

Sgeata

1,400

1,396

1,400

1,383

1,400

1,361

3,772
4,145
3,695
4,061
3,569
3,923

Tabelul 3.19. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Unghiul
liniei
2
g

[]
190
180
170

Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel
aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor
(mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
26

Tipul consolei
CSO 1100

Coeficientul
kv

kh

0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62

D1

Sgeata

1,100

1,097

1,100

1,086

1,100

1,070

2,196
2,414
2,150
2,363
2,075
2,280

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 3.20. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Unghiul
liniei
2

Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

[]
190
180
170

Oel
aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor
(mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Tipul consolei
CSO 1385

Coeficientul
kv

kh

0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62

D1

Sgeata

1,385

1,381

1,385

1,368

1,385

1,347

Seciunea maxim admis este de 70 mm2.

Coronament de susinere dezaxat CDzS

Figura 3.13. Coronament dezaxat de susinere

3LI - I 165 2012

27

3,683
4,048
3,608
3,965
3,569
3,923

a)

b)
Figura 3.14. Coronament dezaxat de susinere
a)

montaj corect ; b) montaj incorect

Tabelul 3.21. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
Oel aluminiu
de aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
28

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV
Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,75

kh
0,65
0,62

Sgeata
Coronament dezaxat
m
1,18
1,47

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 3.22. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

Coronament dezaxat
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
2,63
2,44
2,34
2,76
2,53
2,40
2,88
2,60
2,45
3,06
2,72
2,53

Tabelul 3.23. Sgeata maxim din condiia galoprii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)

kv

kh

16 70
95 150

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

Coronament dezaxat
Galopare
Frecvent
Intens
Redus
i intens
0,05

2,07

2,81

Coronamentul dezaxat nu se poate utiliza n zone cu galopare frecvent i intens.

Figura 3.15. Coronament dezaxat de susinere, montaj incorect

3LI - I 165 2012

29

Coronament deformabil CD (NAPPE VOUTE)


Coronamentul deformabil a fost preluat de la francezi, ca form i dimensiuni n prima
etap i utilizat cu precdere n zona meteo Ib i zona II meteo n conformitate cu PE 104/71.
Coronamentele ce echipeaz stlpii de susinere, se realizeaz din profile cornier cu
dimensiunile 50 x 50 x 5, 60 x 60 x 6, 70 x 70 x 7 sau 80 x 80 x 8. Se utilizeaz urmtoarele tipuri
de coronamente :
CD 140-87 - susinere n aliniament;
CDC 140-87 - susinere n col.
Coronamentele sunt dimensionate pentru o distan maxim ntre faze de 140 cm.

Tabelul 3.24. Greutatea elementelor constitutive ale coronamentului deformabil , n kg


Cornier
Elementul
Traversa 3,00 m
Montant 1,86 m (1 buc.)

50x 50x 5

60 x 60x 6

70 x 70 x 7

80 x 80 x 8

11,4

16,3

22,1

29,0

7,1

10,1

13,7

18,0

Figura 3.16. Coronament de susinere n aliniament, deformabil CD 140-87


30

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronamentul CD 140-87 este un element de siguran pentru stlp i este dimensionat n


raport cu momentul capabil al stlpului la ncastrare.
In caz de avarie, ruperea unei faze, protecia LEA se realizeaz prin deformarea
coronamentului la un efort inferior momentului capabil al stlpului de susinere pe direcia
secundar. Acest lucru este necesar deoarece se utilizeaz cleme cu blocare la prinderea
conductorului de lanul de izolatoare.
Din calcul i experimentri rezult c n cazul ruperii unei faze, central sau marginal,
numrul de coronamente deformate este de circa trei, adiacente deschiderii avariate.
Stabilirea efortului la care se produce deformarea coronamentului, se face innd cont de
atingerea rezistenei de curgere a profilelor din care sunt realizai montanii.
In cazul avariei fazei de mijloc, efortul de deformare a montanilor se stabilete cu relaia:

Tk l
2

unde :
Rc
Tk
l
W

rezistena de curgere a montanilor (se consider Rc = 2200 daN/cm2);


diferena de traciune ntre dou deschideri adiacente (daN);
lungimea montantului (l=116 cm);
modulul de rezisten al montanilor (cm3) .

Tabelul 3.25. Efortul maxim pe faza de mijloc la care montanii nu se deformeaz


Montani

W
cm3

Tk
daN

L 50 x 50 x 5

2,59

98

L 60 x 60 x 6

3,95

150

L 70 x 70 x 7

6,27

238

L 80 x 80 x 8

9,36

355

n cele ce urmeaz ne propunem s verificm unghiurile maxime admise de coronament n


condiiile echiprii cu lanuri de izolatoare cap-tij CTS 70-1 n diverse zone de poluare , precum
i n cazul lanurilor tij din porelan ITfs 45/4.

3LI - I 165 2012

31

Figura 3.17. Coronament de susinere n aliniament, deformabil CD 140-87


echipat cu lanuri simple de susinere LSS-3xCTS 70-1
Din fig.3.17 se observ faptul c, la un unghi de nclinare lan mai mare de 6 distana ntre
prile sub tensiune (conductor-clem) i cele legate la pmnt pe stlp este sub limita impus de
250 mm. S verificm n condiii de exploatare la ce valoare a vitezei vntului se depete
valoarea unghiului de 6. Calculul se va face analitic pe coordonatele din fig.3.18.
Tabelul 3.26. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.17,3.18)
cu variaia vitezei vntului
Conductor : AlOl-50/8
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
4
6
8
10
16
20
27

32

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
[mm]
[mm]
714
703
696
659
619
470
308
189

280
255
242
191
154
92
94
125

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
3
5
12
19
38
54
65

0
12
0
38
18
14
29
27

0
30
20
17
29
54
22
16

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.18. Verificarea condiiilor din tab.3.3, apropieri fa de


prile legate la pmnt pe stlp

Tabelul 3.27. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.18)


cu variaia vitezei vntului
Conductor : AlOl-120/21
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
4
6
8
10
15
16
20
25

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
[mm]
[mm]
714
705
692
670
639
515
484
363
237

280
260
235
204
170
102
95
88
110

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
2
5
10
16
33
36
49
61

0
39
57
31
10
7
35
14
7

0
26
41
0
32
49
46
33
7

n concluzie coronamentul CD 140-87 nu poate fi echipat cu lanuri de izolatori cu trei


cape-tij din sticl tip CTS 70-1. Nu respect ambele condiii din tab.3.3 de apropiere fa de
prile legate la pmnt pe stlp. Se poate echipa numai cu lanuri cu dou cape-tij CTS 70-1, iar
pe faza de mijloc se va utiliza lan dublu montaj n v (fig.3.19).
3LI - I 165 2012

33

Figura 3.19. Coronament de susinere n aliniament, deformabil CD 140-87


echipat cu lanuri simple de susinere LSS-2xCTS 70-1
Tabelul 3.28. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,75

kh
0,65
0,62

Sgeata
Coronament CD 140-87 cu
LSS-3CTS70-1
m
3,19
3,62

Tabelul 3.29. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor


Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120
34

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

Coronament CD 140-87 cu
LSS-3CTS70-1
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
7,77
7,17
6,84
8,20
7,45
7,04
8,57
7,69
7,21
9,13
8,05
7,47
3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 3.30. Sgeata maxim din condiia galoprii conductoarelor


Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)

kv

kh

16 70
95 150

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

Coronament CD 140-87
Galopare
Frecvent
Intens
Redus
i intens
2,64

8,12

8,23

Figura 3.20. Coronament de susinere n aliniament, deformabil CD 140-87


echipat cu lanuri simple de susinere LSS-ITfs 45/4

3LI - I 165 2012

35

Tabelul 3.31. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.20)


cu variaia vitezei vntului
Conductor : AlOl-50/8
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
4
6
8
10
15
20
25
28

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
[mm]
[mm]
603
591
572
541
496
340
195
99
40

Unghiul de nclinare lan

359
333
302
267
232
189
206
238
265

[]

[]

[]

0
3
8
15
23
43
59
69
75

0
53
42
14
3
45
34
23
22

0
45
42
17
23
42
19
54
11

Coronamentul CD 140-87 echipat cu lanuri de izolatoare tij ITfs 45/4 i conductor AlOl50/8 mm2 pentru o deschidere medie de 70 m, la viteze ale vntului cuprinde ntre 0 i 10 m/s nu
se respect distana minim fa de prile legate la pmnt pe stlp (tab. 3.3 ).
Tabelul 3.32. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.20)
cu variaia vitezei vntului
Conductor : AlOl-120/21
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
4
6
8
10
11
15
20
22
25
28

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
[mm]
[mm]
602
593
580
559
529
509
409
270
222
160
112

357
338
315
286
255
240
198
192
200
216
233

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
2
6
11
17
20
35
51
56
62
67

0
51
25
19
22
43
8
21
33
54
48

0
54
28
11
6
46
8
53
8
28
51

Din tabelul 3.32 , n cazul utilizrii unui conductor din AlOl-120/21 mm2 condiiile impuse
n tab.3.3 sunt ndeplinite. La viteze ale vntului cuprinde ntre 0 i 10 m/s se respect distana
minim fa de prile legate la pmnt pe stlp (tab. 3.3 ), ns rezerva de unghi este mic i nu
acoper variaia deschiderii combinat cu denivelarea terenului.
n concluzie, coronamentul CD 140-87 echipat cu lanuri simple de izolatoare tij ITfs 45/4,
va fi prevzut cu lan n v pe faza din mijloc (fig.21).
36

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.21. Coronament de susinere n aliniament, deformabil CD 140-87


echipat cu lanuri de susinere LSV-ITfs 45/4 pe faza de mijloc

Figura 3.22. Coronament de susinere n col CDC 140-87, deschiderea ntre faze de 140 cm
3LI - I 165 2012

37

Figura 3.23. Coronament de susinere n col CDC 140-87,deschiderea ntre faze de 150 cm

Tabelul 3.33. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere


Unghiul
liniei
2
[g]
190
180
170

Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel
aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor
(mm2)
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150
16 150
16 70
150
95 150

Tipul consolei
CDC 140-87

Coeficientul
kv

kh

0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75
0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62
0,65
0,62

D1

Sgeata

1,5

1,495

1,5

1,482

1,5

1,459

4,22
4,70
4,12
4,61
4,00
4,45

Coronamentul CD 140-87 s-a promovat n special n zona Ib i II n conformitate cu


reglementrile normativului PE 104/71.
Pentru a se putea utiliza i n zona Ia (I-PE 104/85, B-NTE 003/04/00) coronamentul a fost
reproiectat i redenumit CIE.
38

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament cu izolaie elastic CIE

Figura 3.24. Coronament de susinere cu izolaie elastic CIE

Tabelul 3.34. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere


Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
16 70
150
95 150

3LI - I 165 2012

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV
Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,75

kh
0,65
0,62

Sgeata
Coronament CIE cu
LSS-ITfs 45/4
m
3,94
4,44

39

Tabelul 3.35. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor


Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


50
70
95
120

Figura 3.25.

40

kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

Coronament CIE cu
LSS-ITfs 45/4
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
8,62
7,96
7,60
9,09
8,27
7,82
9,49
8,52
8,00
10,11
8,92
8,29

Coronament de susinere cu izolaie elastic CIE,


caracteristici geometrice, stabilirea unghiurilor maxime
admise la nclinarea lanurilor de izolatoare ITfs 45/4.
3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 3.36. Sgeata maxim din condiia galoprii conductoarelor


Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)

kv

kh

16 70
95 150

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

Figura 3.26.

Coronament CIE
Galopare
Frecvent
Intens
Redus
i intens
3,17

8,98

9,08

Coronament de susinere cu izolaie elastic CIE,


neconform cu specificaiile SC Electrica
( LEA 20 kV Mihileti, jud. Buzu)

Din fig. 3.26 se observ c unghiul montantului este de 24 i nu de 37 cum este specificat
n documentaia SC Electrica SA, fapt ce conduce la unghiuri mai mici de nclinare pentru lanurile
de izolatoare utilizate. Astfel s-a montat pe fazele extreme lanuri simple de izolatoare echipate cu
3x CTS 70 (zon de poluare IV) , iar pe faza de mijloc s-a montat un lan simplu cu 2xCTS 70
(echivalent zonei II de poluare). Se pune ntrebarea : linia n ce zon de poluare funcioneaz?
Cum s-a rezolvat neconformitatea ? Simplu , ca n fig. 3.27.
S analizm aceast situaie din exploatare reproducnd grafic unghiurile maxime admise
de coronamentul CIE echipat cu lanuri de izolatoare CTS 70-1.
3LI - I 165 2012

41

Figura 3.27.

Coronament CIE, neconform cu specificaiile SC Electrica


( LEA 20 kV Mihileti, jud. Buzu)

Figura 3.28.

42

Coronament CIE echipat cu lanuri de susinere cap tij (LSS-CTS70-1)

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.29.

Coronament CIE echipat cu lanuri de susinere cap tij


(LSS-CTS 70-1): faza din mijloc pt. poluare II, iar fazele
extreme pt. poluare III-IV ( LEA 20 kV Mihileti, jud. Buzu)

Din fig.3.28, i 3.29 se observ c, la coronamentul CIE faza de mijloc impune unghiul
maxim de nclinare al lanurilor de izolatoare. Cu ct lungimea lanului crete scade unghiul de
3LI - I 165 2012

43

nclinare al lanului. Astfel pe faza din mijloc nu se pot monta lanuri de izolatoare cu 3xCTS 701(gr. IV de poluare), CIE admite numai LSS-2xCTS 70-1 (fig. 3.29).
n fig. 3.30 se prezint coronamentul CIE echipat corect cu LSS- CTS 70-1 pentru zona IV
de poluare .

Figura 3.30.

Coronament CIE echipat corect cu lanuri de susinere cap tij


(LSS-CTS 70-1) zon de poluare III-IV

Tabelul 3.37. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere


Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
16 70
150
95 150

44

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV
Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,75

kh
0,65
0,62

Sgeata
Coronament CIE cu
LSS-CTS70-1
m
3,86
4,36

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.31.

Coronament de susinere cu izolaie elastic CIE,


neconform cu specificaiile SC Electrica
( LEA 20 kV Mihileti, jud. Buzu)

Coronamentul din fig.3.31 admite un unghi maxim de 11 pentru viteze ale vntului
cuprinse ntre 0 i 10 m/s, iar pentru vnt maxim unghiul maxim admis de coronament este de 43.
Pentru coronamentul din fig.3.31 s calculm unghiul maxim de nclinare n condiiile
impuse de NTE 003/04/00 n cele dou situaii din tab.3.3. Coronamentul analizat se afl pe LEA
20 kV Mihileti borna 2 (stlp de susinere SC 15006, conductor Al/Ol-50/8mm2) , avnd o
deschidere la vnt de cca. 60 m, i se regsete n zona meteorologic B. n tabelul 37 se prezint
variaia unghiului de nclinare a lanului de izolatori fa de vertical, n funcie de viteza vntului.

3LI - I 165 2012

45

Figura 3.32.

CIE (fig.3.31- faza de mijloc) variaia unghiului de nclinare lan,


LSS-2xCTS 70-1, gr.II de poluare

Tabelul 3.38. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.32) cu variaia vitezei vntului
LSS-2xCTS 70-1, gr.II de poluare
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
4
6
8
10
16
20
25
27

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
613
611
606
594
573
456
365
282
257

654
644
628
603
566
404
302
211
185

350
322
288
244
196
87
62
59
61

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
3
8
14
21
45
57
67
70

0
35
2
6
26
9
31
50
44

0
45
51
34
32
18
17
5
50

unde :
D1
D2
D3

distana de la cel mai ndeprtat punct de pe clem la dreapta OA;


distana de la cel mai ndeprtat punct de pe clem la dreapta AB;
distana de la cel mai ndeprtat punct de pe clem la dreapta BC.
46

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.33.

3LI - I 165 2012

CIE ( faza de mijloc) variaia unghiului de nclinare lan,


LSS- compozit, gr.IV de poluare
47

S considerm coronamentul CIE echipat conform fig.3.33 cu conductor AlOl-50/8 i s


verificm analitic n zona meteo A , unghiul de nclinare (tabelul 3.39.).

Tabelul 39. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.33) cu variaia vitezei vntului
LSS- compozit, gr.IV de poluare
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
5
8
10
15
20
21
22
25

Figura 3.34.

48

Distana de apropiere
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
607
585
540
492
345
231
272
258
223

492
447
392
357
318
330
334
338
351

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
7
18
27
49
64
66
68
70

0
30
38
47
51
37
43
35
02

0
20
19
23
29
18
9
34
18

CIE variaia unghiului de nclinare lan, echipat cu LDS- compozit


fazele extreme i LDV- compozit faza de mijloc, gr.IV de poluare

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suport, CSS(I)

Figura 3.35.

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suport, CSS(I)

Tabelul 3.40. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere , montaj corect
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
150

3LI - I 165 2012

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

16 70
95 150

Sgeata
Coronament CSS(I)

Coeficientul

kv

kh

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

3,06
Nu se utilizeaz

49

Tabelul 3.41. Sgeata maxim din condiia pendulrii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu
Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)
50
70
95
120

Figura 3.36.
50

Coeficientul
kv
0,85
0,85
0,75
0,75

kh
0,65
0,65
0,62
0,62

Coronament CSS(I)
Zona meteorologic
A
B
C
3,82
3,27
3,13
4,00
3,38
3,21
Nu se utilizeaz

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suport CSS(I),


dispunerea corect a fazelor pe izolatori.
3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 3.42. Sgeata maxim din condiia galoprii conductoarelor , montaj corect
Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)

kv

kh

16 70
95 150

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

Figura 3.37.

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament CSS(I)
Galopare
Frecvent
Intens
Redus
i intens
1,27
3,29
4,95
Nu se utilizeaz

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suport CSS(I),


dispunerea incorect a fazelor pe izolatori.
51

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suspendate, CDCS

Figura 3.38. Coronament de susinere dublu circuit CDCS, echipat cu LSS-3CTS70-1


Tabelul 3.43. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere, coronament fig.3.38.
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
150

52

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

16 70
95 150

Sgeata
Coronament CDCS

Coeficientul

kv

kh

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

1,94
2,68
3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.39.

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit CDCS, LDS-3CTS 70-1 montat


perpendicular pe axul liniei

Tabelul 3.44. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere, coronament fig.3.39.
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
150
3LI - I 165 2012

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

16 70
95 150

Sgeata
Coronament CDCS

Coeficientul

kv

kh

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

1,69
2,42

53

Figura 3.40.

Coronament de susinere CDCS, LDS-3CTS 70-1

Tabelul 3.45. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.40) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
2
6
10
15
20
25

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
743
741
723
679
573
428
287

601
595
545
448
282
122
10

420
420
425
447
527
666
816

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
0
4
12
26
41
54

0
30
36
36
42
48
24

0
44
3
1
0
3
21

Not: Conductor ALOL-120/21 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.

54

3LI - I 165 2012

x
A

Figura 3.41.

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suspendate CDCS,


echipat cu LDS-3CTS 70-1 montat paralel cu axul liniei

55

x
A

Figura 3.42.

Coronament CDCS, echipat cu LDS-3CTS 70-1


verificarea distanelor de apropiere.

Tabelul 3.46. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.42) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
2
4
10
15
20
22
23

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
743
743
742
723
661
556
509
487

794
788
771
646
453
219
140
105

420
420
421
447
532
675
738
769

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
0
2
13
27
43
48
51

0
32
9
15
56
18
45
16

0
25
36
50
26
59
56
21

Not: Conductor ALOL-120/21 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.


56

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.43.

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suspendate CDCS,


echipat cu LSS -ITfs 45/4

Tabelul 3.47. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere, coronament fig.3.43.
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
150
3LI - I 165 2012

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

16 70
95 150

Sgeata
Coronament CDCS

Coeficientul

kv

kh

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

2,07
2,80

57

Figura 3.44. Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suspendate CDCS,


echipat cu LDS -ITfs 45/4 montat perpendicular pe axul liniei cu U100
Tabelul 3.48. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere, coronament fig.3.44.
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
150

58

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

16 70
95 150

Sgeata
Coronament CDCS

Coeficientul

kv

kh

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

1,79
2,52

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.45.

Coronament CDCS cu LDS -ITfs 45/4 verificarea distanelor de apropiere.

Tabelul 3.49. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.44,3.45) cu variaia vitezei


vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
5
10
15
20
21

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
637
625
574
466
332
308

628
586
465
302
127
89

420
424
462
578
749
783

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
4
16
33
49
52

0
10
15
15
23
7

0
8
15
53
16
33

Not: Conductor ALOL-50/8 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.


3LI - I 165 2012

59

Figura 3.46.

60

Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suspendate CDCS,


echipat cu LDS -ITfs 45/4 montat paralel cu axul liniei

3LI - I 165 2012

x
A

y
B

Figura 3.47.

Coronament CDCS cu LDS -ITfs 45/4 verificarea distanelor de apropiere.

Tabelul 3.50. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.46,3.47) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
5
10
15
4620
21

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
551
543
506
420
313
293

653
617
511
340
103
66

420
424
466
594
771
805

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
4
17
34
51
53

0
26
14
55
9
50

0
13
37
46
2
58

Not: Conductor ALOL-50/8 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.


3LI - I 165 2012

61

Figura 3.48. Coronament de susinere dublu circuit cu izolatoare suspendate CDCS,


echipat cu LDS -ITfs 45/4 montat perpendicular pe axul liniei cu U250

62

3LI - I 165 2012

x
O

y
B

Figura 3.49.

Coronament CDCS cu LDS -ITfs 45/4 montat perpendicular pe axul liniei cu U250
verificarea distanelor de apropiere.

Tabelul 3.51. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.49) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
5
10
15
20
22
23
24

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
630
618
571
473
354
311
291
273

626
590
485
344
200
136
109
84

450
454
487
591
743
802
830
857

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
4
16
33
49
54
56
59

0
9
11
9
15
33
55
7

0
3
16
5
56
35
43
7

Not: Conductor ALOL-50/8 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.


3LI - I 165 2012

63

Figura 3.50. Coronament de susinere dublu circuit CDCS cu izolatoare suspendate,


echipat cu LSS compozit, gr.IV de poluare

Tabelul 3.52. Sgeata maxim din condiia apropierii n deschidere, coronament fig.3.50.
Materialul conductoarelor
Aluminiu i aliaje
de aluminiu

Oel aluminiu

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)


16 150
150

64

Tensiunea liniei, Un = 20 kV

16 70
95 150

Sgeata
Coronament CDCS

Coeficientul

kv

kh

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

2,59
3,32
3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.51. Coronament de susinere dublu circuit CDCS cu izolatoare suspendate,


echipat cu LSS compozit, gr.IV de poluare, determinarea analitic a
unghiului maxim admis de coronament
Tabelul 3.53. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.51) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]

D1
[mm]

0
5
10
15
20
21
22
23

672
664
592
444
314
294
276
260

Distana de apropiere
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
752
678
472
258
137
122
109
97

728
736
808
956
1086
1106
1124
1140

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
7
27
49
64
66
67
69

0
31
51
55
40
46
38
42

0
31
7
57
48
26
38
18

Not: Conductor ALOL-50/8 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.


3LI - I 165 2012

65

Figura 3.52. Coronament CDCS crlig U100 , echipat cu LSS compozit, gr.IV de poluare,
montat perpendicular pe axul liniei

66

3LI - I 165 2012

x
A

Figura 3.53. Coronament CDCS crlig U100 , echipat cu LSS compozit, gr.IV de poluare,
determinarea analitic a unghiului maxim admis de coronament.

Tabelul 3.54. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.53) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
5
10
15
16
17

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
606
592
516
372
343
316

659
597
423
176
127
84

473
481
564
758
799
820

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
6
25
47
50
52

0
48
31
3
43
26

0
34
51
41
21
21

Not: Conductor ALOL-50/8 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.

3LI - I 165 2012

67

Figura 3.54. Coronament CDCS crlig U250 , echipat cu LSS compozit, gr.IV de poluare,
montat perpendicular pe axul liniei

68

3LI - I 165 2012

x
A

Figura 3.55. Coronament CDCS crlig U250 , echipat cu LSS compozit, gr.IV de poluare,
montat perpendicular pe axul liniei, determinarea analitic a unghiului
maxim admis de coronament.

Tabelul 3.55. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.55) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]
0
5
10
15
16
17
18

Distana de apropiere
D1
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
675
661
585
442
413
385
359

693
631
458
209
161
118
80

403
411
494
688
729
769
807

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
6
25
47
50
54
57

0
48
31
3
43
4
7

0
34
51
41
21
43
48

Not: Conductor ALOL-50/8 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.


3LI - I 165 2012

69

x
A

Figura 3.56. Coronament CDCS crlig U250 , echipat cu LSS compozit, gr.IV de poluare,
montat paralel cu axul liniei, determinarea analitic a unghiului
maxim admis de coronament.

Tabelul 3.56. Variaia unghiului de nclinare lan ( fig.3.56) cu variaia vitezei vntului
Viteza vntului
[m/s]

D1
[mm]

0
5
10
15
16
17
18

675
666
603
472
445
419
395

Distana de apropiere
D2
D3
[mm]
[mm]
739
677
502
197
149
107
71

403
412
499
698
740
780
817

Unghiul de nclinare lan


[]

[]

[]

0
7
26
47
51
54
57

0
1
14
57
36
56
57

0
34
33
51
28
7
2

Not: Conductor ALOL-50/8 , deschiderea 60 m , n aliniament.


70

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 3.57. Sgeata maxim din condiia galoprii conductoarelor


Sgeata [m]

Materialul conductoarelor
Oel aluminiu

Coeficientul

Seciunea conductoarelor (mm2)

kv

kh

16 70
95 150

0,85
0,75

0,65
0,62

Figura 3.57.

Coronament CDCS
Galopare
Frecvent
Intens
Redus
i intens
0,90

2,94

4,42

LEA 20 kV Movilia , coronament CDCS, echipat cu LSS -2xCTS 70-1


i distanoare ntre faze ( nu corespunde la galopare frecvent i intens)

Concluzii :
n cazul coronamentelor cu dispunerea fazelor pe orizontal galoparea nu produce
efecte negative (nu se ia n calcul), se verific doar la pendulare . Toate coronamentele orizontale
cu izolatoare suport au dezavantajul impus de rigiditatea structurii care se acceuteaz n cazul
stlpilor rigizi (beton ), fapt ce impune deschideri egale n panou. Prin dublarea legturilor acolo
unde se impun, datorit unor neglijene pe lanul proiectare execuie recepie, n loc s creasc
sigurana liniei , scade ( fig. 3.8, 3.11, 3.15).
n cazul coronamentelor cu izolatoare suspendate, o importan deosebit o are tipul
izolaiei din punct de vedere al geometrie lanului , modul de prindere la consol i al funciei
consolei n linie (deformabil sau nu).
Din acest motiv se impune, din faza de proiectare, ca elementele care compun LEA (stlpi,
console, conductoare, izolatoare , cleme ancore i fundaii) s fie specificate clar n proiect
(deoarece toate calculele se fac n conformitate cu acestea), orice schimbare s aibe acordul
proiectantului. Schimbarea unui izolator cu alt tip (din aceiai categorie, dar de la alt fabricant cu
alte caracteristici geometrice) poate s conduc la unghiuri de nclinare mai mici, ce ar conduce la
incidente n perioade cu vnt sub cele normate.
3LI - I 165 2012

71

Figura 3.58.

LEA 20 kV Mihileti, LSS -3xCTS 70-1cu chiciur

a)

Figura 3.59.

72

b)
Neconformiti n execuia LEA
a) Clema de ntindere CTPf folosit la susinere;
b) Clem cu crestturi, cu trei crestturi.

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament de ntindere simplu circuit, CIT 140

Figura 3.60.

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament CIT 140, echipat cu LSI -3xCTS 70-1, cleme cu crestturi


73

Figura 3.61.
74

Coronament CIT 140, echipat cu LSI ITfs 60/6,cleme CLAMI 35-50


3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.62.
3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament CIT 140, echipat cu LSI -Maira,cleme CLAMI 35-50


75

Figura 3.63.
76

Coronament CIT 140, echipat cu LDI -Maira,cleme CLAMI 35-50


3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 3.64. LDI Izolaie compozit, clem de intindere CLAMI 35-50 (montaj greit)

Figura 3.65. LDI Izolaie compozit, clem de intindere CLAMI 35-50 (montaj corect)
3LI - I 165 2012

77

Coronament de ntindere simplu circuit dezaxat , CDzI

Figura 3.66.
78

Coronament CDzI, echipat cu LSI -Maira,cleme CLAMI 35-50


3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament de ntindere simplu circuit, CIT 220

Figura 3.67.

3LI - I 165 2012

Coronament CIT 220, echipat cu LDI -Maira,cleme CLAMI 35-50

79

Figura 3.68.

80

Coronament CIT 220, utilizat la deschideri de peste 150 m

3LI - I 165 2012

4. Proiectarea- Expertizarea unei LEA 20kV


Pentru a putea verifica o linie electric aerian de energie electric, indiferent ce
conductoare se utilizeaz (neizolate, preizolate sau torsadate) trebuie mai nti s ti s proiectezi o
linie electric aerian de energie electric.
Am s ncerc n cele ce urmeaz s v prezint paii ce trebuie parcuri n faza de proiectare
i n faza de analiz n cazul unor fenomene meteorologice deosebite, verificri de gabarite , etc.
4.1. Proiectarea unei linii noi
Pasul 1:
Stabilirea traseului ( minim dou variante de traseu).
Interpretarea hrii zonelor climatice
n cazurile cnd traseul liniei de energie electric traverseaz sau se afl n zona de 5 km de
o parte sau alta a liniei imaginare de demarcare a zonelor meteorologice, se vor adopta urmtoarele
condiii meteorologice de calcul (se menioneaz c desenele de mai jos sunt exemplificri) :
Pentru situaia cnd traseul LEA strbate o zon meteorologic n condiii mai grele spre
zona meteorologic cu condiii mai uoare, linia se va dimensiona pentru condiiile grele dincolo de
linia de demarcaie pn la 5 km adncime, considerat ca limit a zonei de influen.
n exemplul considerat, LEA se va dimensiona pentru zona B a n poriunea AB, iar n rest
corespunztor zonei C.
A
ZONA B

ZONA C

Figura 4.1. LEA ce strbate dou zone distincte din punct de vedere meteorologic
n situaia cnd traseul liniei electrice aeriene trece alternativ prin dou zone meteorologice,
pot exista urmtoarele cazuri:
Linia are traseul n majoritate printr-o anumit zon i ptrunde pe o anumit lungime n
zona vecin pn la limita de influen a primei zone.

3LI - I 165 2012

81

n acest caz, LEA se va dimensiona numai dup condiiile meteorologice impuse de zona n
care se afl traseul n majoritate.
Linia are traseul n majoritate printr-o anumit zon meteorologic i ptrunde
pe o anumit lungime n zona meteorologic vecin, dincolo de limita de influen.
n aceast situaie, dac lungimea poriunii de LEA ce se afla n zona vecin nu depete
10% din lungimea traseului, toat LEA se va dimensiona conform condiiilor meteorologice impuse
de zona meteorologic preponderent.

A
ZONA B

ZONA C

Figura 4.2. LEA ce ptrunde ntr-o alt zon meteo fr s depeasc linia
de influen a zonei majoritare (dimensionare dup zona B)

ZONA B

ZONA C

Figura 4.3. LEA ce ptrunde ntr-o alt zon meteo fr s depeasc


10% din traseul LEA (dimensionare dup zona B)
82

3LI - I 165 2012

ZONA B

ZONA C

Figura 4.4. LEA ce ptrunde ntr-o alt zon meteo i depete 10% din traseul LEA
Dac lungimea poriunii de LEA ce se afl n zona vecin depete 10% din lungimea
traseului (fig. 4.4), linia se va dimensiona corespunztor fiecrei zone meteorologice pe poriunile
de traseu corespunztor cu lungimile din fiecare zon.

Interpretarea altitudinii
Prin altitudine se nelege nlimea exprimat n m fa de nivelul Mrii Negre, la care se
afl obiectul considerat, n cazul de fa fiind linia electric aerian.
Condiiile meteorologice de calcul pentru LEA vor fi diferite funcie de altitudinea la care
se afl. Condiiile de dimensionare funcie de altitudine se vor interpreta n felul urmtor:
Atunci cnd traseul LEA se va gsi n zona de altitudine sub 1000 m i numai 10%
din traseu depete acest plafon, dar nu peste altitudinea de 1100 m, linia se va dimensiona pentru
condiiile meteorologice corespunztoare zonelor sub 1000 m.

Figura 4.5.

3LI - I 165 2012

LEA se dimensioneaz pentru condiii meteorologice


pn la 1000 m altitudine
83

Aceast interpretare se d liniilor de medie tensiune, deoarece acestea (prin similitudine cu


liniile de joas tensiune) sunt ferite de aciunea vntului datorit obstacolelor naturale sau
construcii: vi n lungul vntului predominant, zone mpdurite, zone cu pomi izolai etc.
Delimitarea altitudinii de 1000 m se consider la baza stlpului deci cota terenului.
Atunci cnd linia trece prin zona de altitudine peste 1000 m pe o lungime "L" mai
mare ca 10% din traseu, LEA se va dimensiona separat pentru condiiile meteorologice sub 1000 m
sau peste 1000 m corespunztor cu lungimile de traseu care trec prin fiecare zon de altitudine.

Figura 4.5.

LEA se dimensioneaz separat la condiiile de altitudine


corespunztor cu lungimile de traseu strbtute prin ceste zone

Pasul 2:
Pentru obinerea avizelor de amplasament pentru terenul ocupat de stlpi ct i de culoarul
liniei, se impune realizarea planului de situaie. Dac prin tema de proiectare (la faza de studiu de
prefezabilitate / fezabilitate) nu se impune un anumit tip de stlp (lemn,beton, metal, material
compozit, etc.) i nu se d nicio prognoz de consum pe urmtorii 10 - 15 ani, deschiderea maxim
ntre stlpi este dat de deschiderea minim admis de supori determinat n ipoteza unei seciuni
de conductor mai mare.
Exemplu :
84

3LI - I 165 2012

S presupunem c suntem n zona meteo B seciunea conductorului minim 70 mm2.


n funcie de cerina beneficiarului prin tema de proiectare se pot elimina din start o
multitudine de variante. S considerm o fi de date sub forma de mai jos.
Tipul LEA

ax

derivaie ;

Nr. circuite

simplu ciruit ;

Tip stlp

lemn ; beton ; compozit;

dublu circuit ;

metalic zbrelit ; metalic tubular;


ancorat ; neancorat ;
Tip coronament :

triunghi ; orizontal ; dezaxat;


deformabil ; alt tip;

Tip conductor

neizolat ; preizolat ; torsadat;


AlOl

Tip izolator

; Al ; Aliaj de Al

suport ;

susinere :

suspendat;

sticl ; porelan ; compozit


Tip izolator ntindere :
Tip cleme de susinere

sticl ; porelan ; compozit


:

cu alunecare ; cu declanare ; cu blocare;


preformer;

Tip cleme de ntindere

cu crestturi ; CLAMI;

preformer;

Tip fundaie susinere

burat ; turnat ; prefabricat

Tip fundaie ntindere

turnat ; prefabricat

n cazul n care proiectantul nu are o asemenea fi ataat la tema de proiectare va


solicita clarificri beneficiarului, iar n situaia n care beneficiarul nu va bifa nicio csu,
proiectantul va analiza pentru fiecare poziie cel puin dou variante de echipare (beneficiarul va
suporta costurile suplimentare aferente numrului de variante luate n calcul).
3LI - I 165 2012

85

n situaia n care se analizeaz doar o singur variant de realizare a LEA din punct de
vedere al suporiilor, n faza de PT (proiect tehnic) s constai c nu mai poi utiliza acei stlpi din
diverse motive (fabricaie, comercial, etc), iar nlocuirea lor implic modificarea distanelor ntre
stlpi, refacerea planului de situaie i ATENIE! Obinerea avizelor de amplasament n noua
soluie.
Din acest motiv cnd se alege stlpul de susinere (majoritar la o LEA) beton, metal,
lemn, etc. s aibe aceiai nlimea i momentul normat de exploatare de calcul (fora normat la
vrful stlpului) s fie comparabil (comparabil). Din start avem dou variante de ofertare pentru
suporii de susinere fr implicaii n schimbarea soluiei avizate.
Pentru reducerea numrului de variante vom considera doar dou tipuri de stlpi (beton
i metalic tubular) pentru susinere ax LEA 20 kV s.c coronament deformabil (CIE) izolaie
compozit grad IV de poluare. n lipsa un studiu geo al zonei vom considera fundai turnate.
Din anexa 2 alegem pentru susinere stlpul SC 15006 (beton centrifugat) i SMT
15006 (metalic tubular). Cu ajutorul programului de calcul LEAMT se determin domeniul de
utilizare pentru cei doi stlpi (fig. 4.6.) n condiiile date.

SC 15006

Figura 4.6.

86

SMT 15006

Alegerea stlpilor de susinere

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 4.1. Domeniul de utilizare pt. SC 15006 cu conductor AlOl-70/12 mm2


SIMBOL
An(6)
An(7)
Av
Af
Af
Ag

SEMNIFICATIE
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 6 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 7 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de presiunea vintului
Deschiderea max.limitata de distanta intre faze
Deschiderea limitata de galopare intensa si frecventa
Deschiderea max.limitata de fortele verticale

UM
m
m
m
m
m
m

VALOARE
130
114
72
123
114
147

Tabelul 4.2. Domeniul de utilizare pt. SC 15006 cu conductor AlOl-120/21 mm2


SIMBOL
An(6)
An(7)
Av
Af
Af
Ag

SEMNIFICATIE
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 6 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 7 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de presiunea vintului
Deschiderea max.limitata de distanta intre faze
Deschiderea limitata de galopare intensa si frecventa
Deschiderea max.limitata de fortele verticale

UM
m
m
m
m
m
m

VALOARE
96
85
68
97
91
121

Tabelul 4.3. Domeniul de utilizare pt. SMT 15006 cu conductor AlOl-70/12 mm2
SIMBOL
An(6)
An(7)
Av
Af
Af
Ag

SEMNIFICATIE
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 6 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 7 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de presiunea vintului
Deschiderea max.limitata de distanta intre faze
Deschiderea limitata de galopare intensa si frecventa
Deschiderea max.limitata de fortele verticale

UM
m
m
m
m
m
m

VALOARE
127
112
72
120
112
147

Tabelul 4.4. Domeniul de utilizare pt. SMT 15006 cu conductor AlOl-120/21 mm2
SIMBOL
An(6)
An(7)
Av
Af
Af
Ag

3LI - I 165 2012

SEMNIFICATIE
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 6 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de gabaritul la sol de 7 m.
Deschiderea max.limitata de presiunea vintului
Deschiderea max.limitata de distanta intre faze
Deschiderea limitata de galopare intensa si frecventa
Deschiderea max.limitata de fortele verticale

UM
m
m
m
m
m
m

VALOARE
96
85
67
97
91
121

87

Dac analizm cele patru tabele se constat :


n cazul echiprii celor doi stlpi (SC 15006 i SMT 15006) cu conductor de
AlOl-70/12 mm2 deschiderea maxim este de 72 m i este limitat n ambele
situaii de presiunea vntului;
n situaia n care am dori peste 10 ani schimbarea conductorului cu o seciune
mai mare ( AlOl-120/21mm2) deschiderea la vnt scade cu 4 m la stlpul de
beton i cu 5 m la stlpul metalic;
avnd n vedere c domeniile de utilizare au fost calculate fr s se in seama
de denivelri, practic deschiderea maxim ntre stlpi nu va depi 60 m.

Pasul 3:
Dup ridicarea traseului din teren n format stereo 70, se trece la ntocmirea planului de
situaie (scara 1:1000) prin dispunerea stlpilor pe traseu cu respectarea normelor n vigoare .
Formatul planurilor, att pentru planul de situaie ct i pentru profil va fi multiplu de A4
conform fig. 4.7.

P5
49

48

T2B35

SMZ

P4

47

46

45

44

43

42

T2B35

T2B35

T2B35

T2B35

T2B35

T2B35

41

T2B35

40

40

SMZ

SMZ

39

H3B35

P3
38

H3B35

37

T1B39

P2
36

T1B39

36

35

T1B39 H3B40

35

H3B40

P1
34

H3B40

34

H3B40

33

SC 15014
/2i

PLAN DE COMPARATIE

PC 360 m

PC 410 m

COTA PUNCTULUI
DISTANTE PARTIALE
DISTANTA NTRE PICHETI
2

NUMAR PICHETI
DISTANTA NTRE STLPI SI
DISTANTA CUMULATA

Figura 4.7.

Formatul planurilor de situaie i a profilului longitudinal

RECOMANDARE : nainte de obinerea avizelor (la SF) pentru terenul ocupat de stlpi i de
culoarul liniei se va elabora profilul longitudinal cu calcularea sgeilor i traciunilor n
conductoare n scopul verificrii tuturor condiiilor impuse de norme, chiar dac profilul se va
preda la faza PT.
La faza de SF nu se cere profil longitudinal, dar se cer toate avizele .
Ce facem n situaia elaborrii PT-ului, cnd la realizarea profilului longitudinal constatm
c nu se respect normativul (apropieri fa de obiectivele din traseu) i c trebuie s
repoziionm 2 3 stlpi. Se reface planul de situaie i se reiau demersurile pentru
obinerea avizelor pentru stlpii n cauz. Se obin avizele i se trece la faza urmtoare a
proiectului.
Dar dac nu se oin ? Se reia totul de la capt.

88

3LI - I 165 2012

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
53

Figura 4.8.

Plan de situaie

Pasul 4:
Realizarea profilului longitudinal (Certificatul de natere a unei LEA)
La ntocmirea planului de situaie se are n vedere tipul de linie care se va construii (simplu,
dublu sau multiplu circuit) deoarece culoarul liniei difer de la o linie la alta. Topometristul
mpreun cu proiectantul liniei vor parcurge traseul (traseele) liniei scannd un culoar cu o lime
minim egal cu distana pe orizontal conform fig. 4.9.

Figura 4.9.

Culoarul liniei ce trebuie parcurs i analizat

4.2 Analiza unei linii existente


Avnd profilul longitudinal , planul de situaie, foaia de pichetaj i tabelele de traciuni i
sgei corespunztoare panourilor ce compun linia, se poate face orice verificare la linie att n
regim normal ct i n regim de avarie. Dac aceste documente lipsec ele trebuie reconstituite prin
msurtori n teren cu identificarea tuturor elementelor componente ale liniei.
Orice analiz a unei LEA se pleac de la proiectul iniial al liniei, dup care se merge n
teren i se identific ce este specificat n proiect cu ce exist n teren. Se fac msurtori se culeg
date aferente sgeilor conductoarelor, se solicit i rapoartele meteo de la ANM privind condiiile
meteo din zona referitoare la :
viteza maxim a vntului;
viteza vntului cu chiciur;
grosimea stratului de chiciur;
densitatea chiciurei.

90

3LI - I 165 2012

P1

CONDUCTOR ALOL-70/12
1

SC 15014

SC 15006-120

SC 15006-120

SC 15006-120

SC 15006-120

SC 15006-120

SC 15006-120

SC 15006-120

SC 15014

PLAN DE COMPARATIE

PC 80 m

COTA PUNCTULUI
DISTANTE PARTIALE
DISTANTA NTRE PICHETI
NUMAR PICHETI
DISTANTA NTRE STLPI SI
DISTANTA CUMULATA
COTA STALPULUI

Figura 4.10.

LEA 20 kV Profil longitudinal

S presupunem c avem de analizat profilul din fig. 4.10 , un panou compus din 9 stlpi i
10 deschiderei, stlpi de susinere SC 15006-120 echipat cu coronament deformabil CIE i lanuri
simple de izolatori compozii, pentru gradul IV de poluare. Conductorul utilizat AlOL-70/12 mm2,
zona meteo B.
Cu ajutorul programului CALMECO vom calcula traciunile i sgeile n panou,
deschiderile reale Av i Ag , unghiul maxim de deviere al lanului de izolatori, precum i gabaritele
n starea final a conductorului (dup ce conductorul nu mai flueaz, circa 10 ani de la montaj).
Dup introducerea datelor n program obinem :
Varianta 1
Tabelul 4.5. Traciuni de calcul , n daN/mm2
Starea
-30
15
-5+ch+v

Traciuni impuse
KP
Trac.clema
0,44
13,377
0,18
5,4724
0,67
20,3696

Traciuni reale
KP
Trac.clema
0,37
11,3152
0,18
5,4724
0,56
17,0886

Dimensioneaza starea de la :Tmed


Tabelul 4.5. certific faptul c programul a rulat corect din punct de vedere al alegerii
strii critice de dimensionare aferent conductorului. Operatorul a impus pentru fiecare stare un
efort maxim n conductor, ce nu trebuie depit. Traciunile obinute trebuie s fie mai mici sau cel
mult egale cu cele impuse. Dac aceast condiie nu este ndeplinit analiza listingului cu rezultate
se oprete n acest punct i se caut eventualele erori de introducere a datelor de intrare.

Tabelul 4.6. Caracteristici panou


Stlpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Deschiderea

Denivelarea

[m]

[m]

60
58
60
60
56
62
59
60

-0,59
2
-1
0
0
0
-0,70
0,29

Deschiderea medie
Factor denivelare
Tractiunea orizontal minim
Temperatura critic
92

[m] :
:
[daN/mm2] :
[C] :

cos

Traciunea
orizontal
[daN/mm2]

1
0,9994
0,9999
1
1
1
0,9999
1

5,4721
5,4642
5,4724
5,4712
5,4714
5,4711
5,4722
5,4706

59,44
1,00011
5,4642
70,94
3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 4.7. Calculul contragreutatilor

Stilp

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Deschideri limitate de :

Distanta
de la sol
la
consol

Cot
teren
stlp

Vnt

[m]

[m]

[m]

9,95
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
9,95

100
99
101
100
100
100
100
99,3
100

30
59
59
60
58
59
60,5
59,5
30

Contrageuti

Unghiul de
nclinare lan
susinere far
contragreuti

[Kg]

[grade]

0
23,89
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
93
34
69
57
57
50
69
0

Sarcini verticale
-5+ch

tmin

tmed

[m]

34,8
37,3
84,1
51,8
58
59
66,3
51,3
32,3

61,7
-84,4
224,8
6
58
59
99
5,6
45,4

-9,4
138,1
34,2
58
59
78,9
33,8
-

Tipul izolaiei de susinere : LSS-IV-IPROEB


- Lungimea lanului de susinere
[m]: 0,59
- Lungimea ochiului de suspensie lan
[m]: 0,10
- Limea lanului paralel cu axul liniei
[m]: 0,10
- Limea lanului perpendicular pe axul liniei
[m]: 0,10
- Greutatea lanului de susinere
[daN]: 1,90
- Fora vntului pe lanul de susinere
[daN]: 2,19
- Unghiul maxim de nclinare lan de susinere [grade min.sec.]: 70 0 0
Tipul izolaiei de ntindere la stlpul
1
- Lungimea lantului de intindere de la stilpul 1
- Greutatea lantului de intindere de la stilpul 1

: LSI-IV-IPROEB
[m]: 0,686
[daN]: 1,800

Tipul izolaiei de ntindere la stlpul


9
- Lungimea lanului de ntindere de la stlpul 9
- Greutatea lanului de ntindere de la stlpul 9

: LSI-IV-IPROEB
[m]: 0,686
[daN]: 1,800

- Lungimea total conductor n panou


- Traciunea n conductor n regim de avarie

[m]: 475,08
[daN/mm2]: 12,321

ATENIE !: Proiectarea economic a unei LEA impune alegerea stlpilor, coronamentelor i


izolaiei ( de acelai tip constructiv dar cu valori diferite) n funie de eforturile
reale din teren.
Acest lucru necesit calcule precise la determinarea traciuniilor i sgeilor n
panouri. Dac de exemplu, se dorete utilizarea unei izolaii compozite dar fr precizarea
fabricantului, proiectantul trebuie s se raporteze la izolatorul (lantul de izolatoare) care impune
unghiuri mai mici, ceea ceimplic soluii mai scumpe. n capitolul anterior s-a prezentat diverse
coronamente echipate cu diverse tipuri de izolatoare (lanuri de izolatoare), cu precizarea
unghiului maxim de nclinare admis de coronament pe care l face lanul sub aciunea vntului.

3LI - I 165 2012

93

De exemplu, coronamentul CIE cu un izolator compozit (fabricant X) admite un unghi


maxim de 65, iar alt izolator tot compozit (fabricant Y) admite un unghi maxim de 71. Ca s
putem utiliza practic ambii izolatori vom introduce n calcul unghiul maxim de nclinade 65.
Din tabelul 4.7 rezult :
1. nclinarea lanurilor de la stlpul 2 depete unghiul maxim impus de lanul de izolatori
de 70 ( a se vedea fig.3.33);
2. Deschiderea maxim limitat de forele verticale Ag la stlpul 3 este mai mare dect
admite stlpul (tab.4.2).
Soluii : Soluiile prezentate sunt enumerate n ordinea cresctoare a costurilor implicite:
1. Scderea traciunii n conductoare fr depirea sgeilor impuse din condiiile de
gabarit, pendulri, galopri, etc;
2. Montarea de contragreuti;
3. Blocarea izolaiei pe direcia vntului;
4. nlocuirea stlpului (implicit coronamentul).

S analizm traciunile i sgeile att n starea de montaj (tab. 4.8.) ct i n starea final
(tab.4.9).
Tabelul 4.9. Sgei de montaj

Stlp

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1
8

Temperatura [C]
-30
5
40
-5+ch
Stlp
Denivelarea
Traciunea [daN/mm2]
[m]
[m]
11,283 5,384
2,966 12,265
60
2
-0,59
0,139
0,291
0,528
0,916
58
3
2
0,139
0,272
0,494
0,857
60
4
-1
0,139
0,291
0,528
0,916
60
5
0
0,139
0,291
0,528
0,916
56
6
0
0,121
0,253
0,46
0,798
62
7
0
0,148
0,311
0,564
0,979
59
8
-0,7
0,134
0,281
0,511
0,886
60
9
0,29
0,139
0,291
0,528
0,916
Amed = 59,44 m
0,136
0,286
0,136
0,899
Sgei cu luarea n considerare a lanurilor de ntindere
60
2
-0,59
0,139
0,291
0,529
0,916
60
9
0,29
0,139
0,291
0,529
0,916

Deschiderea

94

-5+ch+v
13,593
1,041
0,974
1,042
1,041
0,907
1,112
1,007
1,041
1,022
1,041
1,041

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 4.9. Sgei de gabarit

Stlp

Deschiderea

Stlp

[m]

Denivelarea
[m]

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

-0,59
2
-1
0
0
0
-0,7
0,29

-30
5,093
0,308
0,288
0,308
0,308
0,268
0,328
0,297
0,308

Temperatura [C]
5
40
-5+ch
Traciunea [daN/mm2]
2,516
1,925
1,424
0,623
0,814
1,1
0,582
0,761
1,029
0,623
0,814
1,1
0,623
0,814
1,1
0,542
0,709
0,958
0,665
0,869
1,175
0,602
0,787
1,064
0,623
0,814
1,1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

60
58
60
60
56
62
59
60

1
8

Amed = 59,44 m
0,302
0,611
0,799
Sgei cu luarea n considerare a lanurilor de ntindere
60
2
-0,59
-0,59
0,308
0,624
60
9
0,29
0,29
0,308
0,624

-5+ch+v
9,204
1,221
1,142
1,222
1,221
1,064
1,304
1,181
1,221

1,08

1,199

0,815
0,815

1,102
1,102

Nr. Stlp
cr.

Mrime

Stlp

[m]

6
7

6
7

62
59

7
8

Denivelarea
H

Distana
punctului
fa de
stlul din
stnga

nlime
Cota
punct
teren a fa de
punc. sol

Sgeata

Deschiderea

Gabarit fa
de punct

Tabelul 4.10. Verificarea gabaritelor de pe traseu

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

0
-0,7

12,54
29,09

100
99,16

5
6,35

4,52
3,33

0,84
1,18

Gabaritul s-a calculat fata de sageata maxim (aferenta strii de la -5+ch)


Conform profilului longitudinal din fig.4.10. sub linie nu se regsec pomi ( livad de meri
n vecintatea stlpilor 6-9), dar n calule s-a considerat c n timp pot aprea rzle i sub linie
pomi fructiferi cu nlimile precizate n profil. Verificarea gabaritelor la pomi se face astfel nct
s se in cont de creterea anual a pomilor. Practic la nlimea pomilor se a mai adaug 1 m, iar
gabaritul se calculeaz ca i cum pomii ar avea acest nlime. n deschiderea 6 gabaritul real al
pomilor este de 4 m s-a luat n calcul 5m, iar n deschiderea 7 de la 5,35 s-a considerat 6,35.

3LI - I 165 2012

95

Figura 4.11. Culoarul necesar la trecerea LEA prin pduri livezi, etc.

96

3LI - I 165 2012

Figura 4.12. LEA cu importan deosebit prin pduri livezi, etc.

3LI - I 165 2012

97

Din fig. 4.12. gabaritul minim fa de coroana copacilor sete de 2 m. Din tab.4.10. putem s
scdem traciunea fr nicio problem din acest punct de vedere.
Sgeata maxim admis de coronament este dat de galoparea conductoarelor ( galopare
frecvent i intens tab. 3.36.) de 3,17 m.

Varianta 2
Scdem traciunea n conductor astfel nct unghiul de nclinare lan s fie mai mic dect cel
admis de coronamemt, i se reia calculul.
Tabelul 4.11. Traciuni de calcul , n daN/mm2
Starea
-30
15
-5+ch+v

Traciuni impuse
KP
Trac.clema
0,44
9,2546
0,18
3,7860
0,67
14,0923

Traciuni reale
KP
Trac.clema
0,15
4,5414
0,06
1,9196
0,46
14,0923

Dimensioneaza starea de la :-5+ch

Tabelul 4.12. Caracteristici panou


Stlpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Deschiderea

Denivelarea

[m]

[m]

60
58
60
60
56
62
59
60

-0,59
2
-1
0
0
0
-0,70
0,29

Deschiderea medie
Factor denivelare
Tractiunea orizontal minim
Temperatura critic
98

[m] :
:
2
[daN/mm ] :
[C] :

cos

Traciunea
orizontal
[daN/mm2]

1
0,9994
0,9999
1
1
1
0,9999
1

5,4721
5,4642
5,4724
5,4712
5,4714
5,4711
5,4722
5,4706

59,44
1,00011
13,9617
50,18
3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 4.13. Calculul contragreutatilor

Stilp

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Deschideri limitate de :

Distanta
de la sol
la
consol

Cot
teren
stlp

Vnt

[m]

[m]

[m]

9,95
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
11,05
9,95

100
99
101
100
100
100
100
99,3
100

30
59
59
60
58
59
60,5
59,5
30

Contrageuti

Unghiul de
nclinare lan
susinere far
contragreuti

[Kg]

[grade]

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
67
47
60
57
57
54
60
0

Sarcini verticale
-5+ch

tmin

tmed

[m]

33,5
43,2
77,3
54,1
58
59
64,7
53,6
31,7

42,4
2,7
124,1
38,8
58
59
75,6
38,3
36,1

36,5
85
51,5
58
59
66,5
51,1
-

Tipul izolaiei de susinere : LSS-IV-IPROEB


- Lungimea lanului de susinere
[m]: 0,59
- Lungimea ochiului de suspensie lan
[m]: 0,10
- Limea lanului paralel cu axul liniei
[m]: 0,10
- Limea lanului perpendicular pe axul liniei
[m]: 0,10
- Greutatea lanului de susinere
[daN]: 1,90
- Fora vntului pe lanul de susinere
[daN]: 2,19
- Unghiul maxim de nclinare lan de susinere [grade min.sec.]: 70 0 0
Tipul izolaiei de ntindere la stlpul
1
- Lungimea lantului de intindere de la stilpul 1
- Greutatea lantului de intindere de la stilpul 1

: LSI-IV-IPROEB
[m]: 0,686
[daN]: 1,800

Tipul izolaiei de ntindere la stlpul


9
- Lungimea lanului de ntindere de la stlpul 9
- Greutatea lanului de ntindere de la stlpul 9

: LSI-IV-IPROEB
[m]: 0,686
[daN]: 1,800

- Lungimea total conductor n panou


- Traciunea n conductor n regim de avarie

3LI - I 165 2012

[m]: 475,08
[daN/mm2]: 12,321

99

Tabelul 4.14. Sgei de montaj

Stlp

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1
8

Temperatura [C]
-30
5
40
-5+ch
Stlp
Denivelarea
Traciunea [daN/mm2]
[m]
[m]
4,428 2,466
1,349
8,912
60
2
-0,59
0,354 0,635
1,162
1,261
58
3
2
0,331 0,594
1,086
1,179
60
4
-1
0,354 0,635
1,162
1,262
60
5
0
0,354 0,635
1,162
1,261
56
6
0
0,308 0,553
1,012
1,099
62
7
0
0,378 0,678
1,241
1,347
59
8
-0,7
0,342 0,614
1,123
1,220
60
9
0,29
0,354 0,635
1,162
1,261
Amed = 59,44 m
0,347 0,623
1,14
1,238
Sgei cu luarea n considerare a lanurilor de ntindere
60
2
-0,59
0.354
0.636
1.164
1.261
60
9
0,29
0.354
0.636
1.164
1.261

Deschiderea

-5+ch+v
10,378
1,364
1,276
1,365
1,364
1,188
1,457
1,319
1,364
1,339
1.364
1.364

Tabelul 4.15. Sgei de gabarit

Stlp

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1
8

Temperatura [C]
-30
5
40
-5+ch
Stlp
Denivelarea
Traciunea [daN/mm2]
[m]
[m]
2,432
1,472
1,118
7,847
60
2
-0,59
0,644
1,065
1,402
1,433
58
3
2
0,602
0,996
1,311
1,340
60
4
-1
0,644
1,065
1,402
1,433
60
5
0
0,644
1,065
1,402
1,433
56
6
0
0,561
0,928
1,221
1,248
62
7
0
0,688
1,137
1,497
1,530
59
8
-0,7
0,623
1,030
1,356
1,386
60
9
0,29
0,644
1,065
1,402
1,433
Amed = 59,44 m
0,632
1,045
1,376
1,406
Sgei cu luarea n considerare a lanurilor de ntindere
60
2
-0,59
0,645
1,067
1,404
1,433
60
9
0,29
0,645
1,067
1,404
1,433

Deschiderea

100

-5+ch+v
9,296
1,523
1,424
1,524
1,523
1,327
1,627
1,473
1,523
1,495
1,523
1,523

3LI - I 165 2012

Nr. Stlp
cr.

Mrime

Stlp

[m]

6
7

6
7

62
59

7
8

Denivelarea
H

Distana
punctului
fa de
stlul din
stnga

nlime
Cota
punct
teren a fa de
punc. sol

Sgeata

Deschiderea

Gabarit fa
de punct

Tabelul 4.16. Verificarea gabaritelor de pe traseu

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

0
-0,7

12,54
29,09

100
99,16

5
6,35

4,38
3,12

0,99
1,39

Gabaritul s-a calculat fata de sageata maxim (aferenta strii de la -5+ch)


Dup cum se poate observa din tab.4.13., prin scderea traciunii de montaj de la 13,593
daN/mm2 la 10,378 daN/mm2 , unghiul de nclinare lan a sczut de la 93 la 67 (70 admis de
coronament).
Avem o cretere de sgeat de gabarit de la 1,175 m (desciderea 6 62 m) la 1,530 m.
Din tabelul 4.16. gabaritele se verific, iar sgeata maxim nu depete sgeata din
galopare. Practic fr nicio investiie n plus s-a rezolvat o problem care o regsim n 80 % din
declanrile sau semnalizrile (cnd neutrul este tratat prin bobin) n perioadele cu vnt intens.
n vederea verificrii gabaritelor fa de sol sau alte obiective peste care LEA trece este
necesar completarea tabelului 4.17. n acest sens cu ajutorul unui termometru (fig. 4.13.) se
msaoar temperatura la care se fac msurtorile de gabarit implicit de sgei, iar cu telemetru
(telemetrul din fig.4.14. poate msura i temperatura) se msoar distana de la sol la conductorul
cel mai apropiat de sol.

Figura 4.13. Termometru special pentru LEA

Figura 4.14. Telemetru


Modul de rentindere la sgeat a conductoarelor pentru realizarea gabaritelor se face
conform FL-4-85 Fi tehnologic privin construcia LEA de 6-20 kV pe stlpi de beton simplu i
dublu circuit.
3LI - I 165 2012

101

Tabelul 4.17. Tabel centralizator cu elementele minimale ale unei LEA 20 kV pentru analiz LEA.
Sect. (mm2)
Conductor
Activ

SC 1540014

CIT 140

ACSR 70/12

SC 15006

CIE

ACSR 70/12

SC 150014

CIT 140

ACSR 70/12

1
2
3
4

m
60
58
59
65

2
3
4
5

SD

IS+IS

IS+ID

ID+ID

compozit

compozit
6

PANOU

compozit

SAGETI GABARITE

Cota teren
stlpi

m
100
99
101
102,3

Traversari

m
99
101
102,3
103

nlime stlp
deasupra solului
(la stalpii de
sustinere - la capat
izolator, respectiv
consola la stalpii de
intindere)
m
m
9,95
11,05
11,05
9,9
9,95
11,05
11,05
9,95

Distanta
fa
stlpul
din
stnga
m
25,30
24,67

m
99,67
99,76

m
6,91
7,48

m
106,58
107,24

Temp

SS

Tip izolatori
(dimensiune)

Sageata
pct.

Nr.
Stalpi

Bornele

Deschiderea

Panou

DATE

Modul de sustinere (nr. izolatori)

Cota conductor.

Nr.
stalp

Tip
coronament

Gabarit
fa de punct

Tip
Stalp

Cota teren
a pct.

Nr.cr
t

3,57
3,18

19
19

PANOUL 1

SC 15014

SC 15006-120

SC 15014

PLAN DE COMPARATIE

PC 80 m

COTA PUNCTULUI
DISTANTE PARTIALE
DISTANTA NTRE PICHETI
NUMAR PICHETI
DISTANTA NTRE STLPI SI
DISTANTA CUMULATA

COTA STALPULUI

Figura 4.13. Msurtori n teren pentru ridicarea profilului LEA,


n vederea verificrilor impuse de norme
3LI - I 165 2012

103

5. Condiii de coexisten a liniilor electrice aeriene cu conductoare neizolate


cu elemente naturale, obiecte, construcii, instalaii etc. din vecintate.

Tabelul 5.1.

Distane minime pe vertical, m

Obiectivul traversat

Elementul fa de care
se msoar distana de
la conductorul inferior
a LEA

Ipoteza de calcul
Sgeata
max.

Ruperea
cond. n
deschiderea
vecin

Electrificat sau n curs de


electrificare

Cablul purttor al liniei de


contact

Electrificabil

Ciuperca inei

11,5

9,5

Neelectrificabil cu trafic
permanent

Ciuperca inei

7,5

Neelectrificabil cu trafic
intermitent

Ciuperca inei

6,5

5,5

Naionalale

Parte carosabil

5,5

Judeene

Parte carosabil

5,5

Locale

Parte carosabil

Drumuri care servesc


activitilor economice

Parte carosabil

Mijloace de transport pe cablu suspendat1

Cablu purttor

Conducte supraterane de fluide necombustibile i


combustibile2

Conduct

3,5

Zone cu circulaie frecvent

Sol

Sol

Partea superioar a spalierului


sau ngrdirii

Orice parte a cldirii

Anten radio sau TV

Orice parte a cldirii

Partea circulat a podului

Orice parte a construciei


cond. LEA n orice poziie

Partea circulat a digului sau


barajului

Orice parte a construciei


cond. LEA n orice poziie

Partea circulat a digului sau


barajului

Orice parte a construciei


cond. LEA n orice poziie

Cale ferat

Drumuri publice

Drumuri de
utilitate privat

Culturi pe spaliere metalice i peste ngrdiri metalice

Locuite3

Cldiri

Nelocuite
Poduri

Poduri, baraje,
diguri (traversri
i treceri)5

Diguri i baraje accesibile


circulaiei autovehicolelor fr a
fi prevzute cu drumuri de
categoria I,II, i III4

Diguri i baraje accesibile


numai circulaiei pedestre

104

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 5.1. - continuare Distane minime pe vertical, m

Obiectivul traversat

Ape i cursuri de
ape

Elementul fa de care
se msoar distana de
la conductorul inferior
a LEA

Ipoteza de calcul
Sgeata
max.

Cond. LEA
n orice
poziie

Navigabile n zonele
localitilor i n zonele amonte
ale lucrrilor hidrotehnice
dispuse transversal pe albie

Nivelul maxim al apei cu


asigurare 1%

Navigabile celelalte zone

Nivelul maxim al apei cu


asigurare 1%

Navigabile

G gabaritul de liber
trecere al navelor; se va
fixa n funcie de
specificul de navigaie
de comun acord cu
autoritile competente

G+1

1) Se vor evita ncrucirile ntre LEA i funiculare. n situaii obligate, astfel de ncruciri se
admit cu recomandarea ca LEA s traverseze funicularul. n acest caz se iau urmtoarele
msuri de siguran:
- protecie mrit conform art. 115.-NTE 003
- lanuri duble de izolatoare , respectiv legturi duble n cazul izolatoarelor suport
- elementele funicularului se vor lega la pmnt.
n cazurile n care LEA subtraverseaz funicularul, msurile de siguran (plase de
protecie, poduri protectoare etc.) se iau n comun acord cu autoritile n administraia
crora se gsete acesta.
2) Se vor evita traversrile peste conductele de transport a fluidelor combustibile. n cazuri
impuse condiiile de traversare se stabilesc cu acordul beneficiarilor conductei.(NTE 003
tab.29.a, tab.29.b i tab.29.c)
3) Se interzice trecerea LEA cu tensiuni nominale 1 Un 110 kV peste cldiri locuite.
4) Traversrile sau trecerile LEA peste sau pe diguri sau baraje, pe care se desfoar o
circulaie permanent de vehicule se trateaz analog cu traversarea sau trecerea LEA peste
sau pe poduri, att din punctul de vedere al msurilor de siguran, ct i al distanelor
minime.
5) Amplasarea LEA de-a lungul podurilor, digurilor sau barajelor este permis numai cu
acordul autoritilor competente.

3LI - I 165 2012

105

Tabelul 5.1. - continuare Distane minime pe vertical, m


Caracteristicile
LEA
care traverseaz

Elementul fa de care se
msoar distana de la
conductorul inferior a LEA

Ipoteza de calcul

Distana pe
vertical H
a100

a100

2,5

2,5

ncruciri fa de LEA cu tensiunea nominal peste 1000 V


d 30 m
d 50 m

Linii cu tensiunea
nominal 20 kV n
funcie de lungimea
deschiderii
a (m)

Conductorul superior
al linie traversate
cnd distana d de la
locul de traversare la
cel mai apropiat stlp
al liniei care
traverseaz.

d 70 m
d 100 m
d 120 m

d 120 m

Ambele conductoare se afl la


+15C
n cazul liniilor pe stlpi de
lemn fr conductor de
protecie, att pentru cele care
traverseaz, ct i pentru cele
traversate, aceste distane
rmn valabile, doar dac se
monteaz pe stlpii adiaceni
traversrii descrctoare (dac
deschiderea d < 40 m, se vor
monta descrctoare numai pe
stlpul cel mai apropiat);
n caz contrar, distanele se
majoreaz cu 2 m.

ncruciri1 fa de LEA cu tensiunea nominal sub 1000 V.


d 40 m

Linii cu tensiunea
nominal de 20 kV2

Conductorul superior
al liniei cu tensiunea
nominal sub 1000V,
n funcie de distana
d de la axul stlpului
liniei pn la punctul
de ncruciare.

d 40 m

d 40 m
d 40 m

conduc. LEA peste 1000 V


se afl la t = -5oC cu
chiciur, iar cel al LEA sub
1000 V la t = -5oC fr
chiciur;
ambele conductoare se afl
la t = +40oC.
Ruperea unui conductor n
deschiderea alturat3

2,5

1
1

1) Linia cu tensiune mai mare trebuie s traverseze linia cu tensiune mai mic.
2) Pentru LEA cu Un <110 kV prevzute cu izolatoare suport, situate n interiorul localitilor,
se vor adopta msurile de siguran prevzute la trecerea LEA prin zone cu circulaie
frecvent (tabelul 30 din NTE 003/04/00).
3) Verificarea distanei se face numai n cazul stlpilor prevzui cu lanuri de izolatoare.

106

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 5.2.1. - Distane minime pe orizontal la traversri i apropieri

Ci ferate

Distana pe orizontal [m]


Mrime

Fundaia stlpului i cea


mai apropiat in1)

nlimea stlpului
deasupra solului plus 3
m.
n cazuri obligate,
aceast distan poate fi
redus pn la 6,00 m
dar numai cu acordul
operarului de reea. n
acest caz,
la LEA cu Un110 kV i
izolatoare suport, stlpii
de traversare vor fi de tip
ntindere sau terminal.

Distane
DDa

D Da

Puncte de reper

Apropieri

d Dma

Tipul
obiectivului pe
lng care trece
linia

d Dma

Msuri de
siguran
Deschiderile reale
ale stlpilor la vnt
i la sarcini verticale
nu vor depi 90%
din cele de
dimensionare ale
stlpilor.
Aceste apropieri
se interzic.

D - distana de la axul LEA la cea mai apropiat in.


Da - distana de apropiere = nlimea deasupra solului a celui mai nalt stlp din zona de
apropiere, plus 3 m.
d - distana pe orizontal ntre conductorul extrem al LEA la deviaie maxim, n condiiile art.
23, pct. d (NTE 003/04/00) i cea mai apropiat in.
Dma - distana minim de apropiere egal cu: 7,50 m 1 kV Un 110 kV

1) La cile ferate simple, se ine seama de posibilitile de dublare.

3LI - I 165 2012

107

Tabelul 5.2.2. - Distane minime pe orizontal la traversri i apropieri


Distana pe orizontal [m]

50 m

- drumuri naionale:
- europene (E);
- principale;
- secundare;

22 m

- drumuri judeene

20 m
18 m

DDa

d Dma

Aceste apropieri se
vor evita. n cazuri
obligate, cu acordul
organelor
competente, se vor
trata ca traversare,
exceptnd msura
pentru tipul stlpilor
LEA cu izolatoare
suport i cea
privitoare la
interzicerea nndirii
conductoarelor

- drumuri comunale;
- strzi:
- urbane;
- rurale.

4m

Pentru drumuri
publice de interes
naional i judeean,
protecie mrit
conform art. 115
(NTE 003/04/00),
excluznd msura
privitoare la tipul
stlpului i al
clemelor pentru
LEA cu izolatoare
suport i cea
privitoare la
nndirea
conductoarelor

d Dma

- autostrzi

Drumuri care servesc


activitilor
economice.

Msuri de
siguran

Distane

D Da

Drumuri situate n
afara localitiilor

Drumuri de utilitate privat

Fundaia
celui mai
apropiat
stlp i
ampriza
drumului

Apropieri

Mrime

Puncte de reper

Drumuri publice

Tipul
obiectivului pe
lng care trece
linia

D distana de la axul LEA la limita amprizei drumului.


Da distana de apropiere egal cu nlimea celui mai nalt stlp din zona de apropiere,
plus 3 m.
d distana pe orizontal ntre conductorul extrem al LEA la deviaia maxim i limita a a
amprizei drumului.
Dma distana minim de apropiere, egal cu : 1,00 m 1 kV Un 110 kV

108

3LI - I 165 2012

Drumuri publice

Drumuri situate n
interiorul
localitiilor

3LI - I 165 2012


Fundaia
celui mai
apropiat
stlp i
ampriza
drumului
- drumuri
comunale;
- strzi:
- urbane;
- rurale.

Drumuri care
servesc activitilor
economice.

- drumuri naionale:
- europene (E);
- principale;
- secundare;

- drumuri judeene

LEA cu
izolatoare
suport

- Protecie mrit conform art. 115, excluzndu-se msura interzicerii nndirilor.


- Lanuri duble de izolatoare exceptnd:
- cazurile cnd sunt prevzute lanuri multiple, din considerente mecanice;
- deschiderile dintre stlpii terminali ai LEA i cadrele (cldirile) staiilor electrice.
- lanuri cu izolatoare compozite fr piese metalice din font turnat.

Distana pe orizontal [m]

- Deschiderile reale ale stlpilor la ncrcri din vnt i la ncrcri verticale nu vor depi
90% din cele de dimensionare ale stlpilor.
- Prinderea conductorului de izolator se va realiza prin legturi duble 2).
- Seciuni minime de conductoare conform art. 115 (tabel 18 NTE 003/04/00).

Distane

Mrime

Stlpii pot fi amplasai n zona de siguran a drumului , cu acordul organizaiilor n


administrarea crora se gsete drumul.

Puncte de
reper

Nu se impune

Tipul
obiectivului pe
lng care
trece linia

Drumuri de utilitate privat

Tabelul 5.2.3. - Distane minime pe orizontal la traversri i apropieri


Apropieri

Msuri de siguran
LEA cu lanuri
de izolatoare

- autostrzi

Nu se impun distane minime de apropiere.

109

Tabelul 5.2.4. - Distane minime pe orizontal la traversri i apropieri


Tipul
obiectivului pe
lng care
trece linia

Distana pe orizontal [m]


Puncte de reper

Distana pe orizontal, d,
ntre cel mai apropiat
conductor al liniei
traversate, la deviaia lui
maxim i orice element
al stlpului liniei care
traverseaz
Linii cu tensiune
nominal peste
1000 V

2,50

Distane

Msuri de
siguran

- Se recomand ca distana ntre


axele liniilor, s fie cel puin egal
cu nlimea deasupra solului a
celui mai nalt stlp din zona de
apropiere, plus 3 m, respectiv 100
m cnd una din LEA are
Un = 400 kV.

- n cazuri obligate, pe poriuni scurte de traseu, aceast distan poate fi redus, astfel nct
distana ntre conductoarele extreme ale liniilor n poziie normal, L, s fie cel puin:
3,00 m 1 kV Un 20 kV
5,00 m 20 kV Un 110 kV
10,00 m Un = 220 kV
15,00 m Un = 400 kV
- n astfel de cazuri deschiderile reale la ncrcri din vnt i la ncrcri verticale nu vor depi
90% din cele de dimensionare ale stlpilor, fiind necesar totodat verificarea distanei la
nclinarea conductorului unei linii fa de stlpul celeilalte linii; se vor calcula de asemenea
influenele electromagnetice i prin cuplaj rezistiv.

Distana pe orizontal de la
orice element al stlpului
LEA peste 1000 V, la cel
mai apropiat conductor al
LEA sub 1000 V1): d
Linii cu tensiune
nominal sub
1000 V

Mrime

Apropieri

- Se recomand ca distana ntre


axele liniilor, s fie cel puin egal
cu nlimea deasupra solului a
celui mai nalt stlp din zona de
apropiere, plus 3 m.

- n cazuri obligate, aceast distan poate fi redus, astfel nct distana orizontal, L, ntre
orice element al LEA sub 1000 V i cel mai apropiat conductor al LEA, peste 1000 V, la
deviaia maxim, s fie minimum:
2,00 m 1 kV Un 20 kV;
3,00 m 20 kV Un 110 kV;
5,00 m
Un = 220 kV;
7,00 m
Un = 400 kV.
- n toate cazurile se vor lua msuri pentru evitarea influenei electromagnetice i prin cuplaj
rezistiv asupra LEA sub 1000 V.

1) Distana pe vertical se verific n condiiile:


- conductorul LEA peste 1000 V se afl la t = -5oC cu chiciur, iar cel al LEA sub 1000 V
la t = -5oC fr chiciur;
- ambele conductoare se afl la t = +40oC.

110

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 5.2.5. - Distane minime pe orizontal la traversri i apropieri


Tipul
obiectivului pe
lng care trece
linia

Distana pe orizontal [m]


Puncte de reper

Mrime

Apropieri
Distane

Mijloace de
transport pe cablu
suspendat

Distana pe orizontal
ntre orice parte a
funicularului i
marginea celui mai
apropiat stlp

D Da

nlimea stlpului
deasupra solului plus 3 m.
Aceast distan poate fi
redus cu acordul
autoritilor n administraia
crora se gsete
funicularul.
n toate cazurile, distana
ntre cea mai apropiat
fundaie sau priz de
pmnt a unui stlp LEA i
priza de pmnt a
funicularului,, va fi de
minimum 20 m.

d Dma

DDa

d Dma

Msuri de
siguran
Deschiderile reale
ale stlpilor la vnt
i la sarcini verticale
nu vor depi 90%
din cele de
dimensionare ale
stlpilor.
La funiculare aceste
apropieri se vor
evita. n cazuri
obligate, cu acordul
organelor
competente se vor
trata ca ncruciare,
exceptnd msura
pentru tipul stlpului
LEA cu izolatoare
suport i cea
privitoare la
interzicerea nndirii
conductoarelor. La
teleferice aceste
apropieri se interzic.

D - distana pe orizontal de la axul LEA pn la cablul purttor.


Da - distana de apropiere - nlimea deasupra solului a celui mai nalt stlp din zona de
apropiere, plus 10 m.
d - distana pe orizontal ntre conductorul extrem al LEA la deviaia maxim i cablul purttor.
Dma - distana minim de apropiere egal cu: 12,00 m 1 kV Un 110 kV;

3LI - I 165 2012

111

Tabelul 5.2.6. - Distane minime pe orizontal la traversri i apropieri


Distana pe orizontal [m]

Tipul
obiectivului
pe lng
care trece
linia

Puncte de
reper

Mrime

Apropieri
Distane

D Da

DDa
Se recomand ca distana s fie
mai mare dect nlimea
Deschiderile reale ale
stlpului, deasupra solului, plus
stlpilor la vnt i la
3 m.
sarcini verticale nu vor
Aceast distan poate fi redus n
depi 90% din cele de
Distana pe
cazuri obligate, pn la 5 m, cu
dimensionare ale
orizontal, ntre precizarea c, n cazul liniilor noi,
stlpilor.
baza celui mai
deschiderile reale la ncrcri din
apropiat stlp i vnt i la ncrcri verticale nu
Aceste apropieri se vor
peretele
vor depi 90% din cele de
evita. n cazuri obligate,
conductei
dimensionare ale stlpilor.
se vor trata ca o
n toate cazurile distana ntre
d Dma
traversare exceptnd
cea mai apropiat fundaie sau
msura pentru tipul
priza de pmnt a unui stlp
stlpilor LEA.
LEA i priza de pmnt a
conductei, va fi de min.20 m.
D - distana ntre axul LEA i peretele conductei.
Da - distana de apropiere - nlimea deasupra solului a celui mai nalt stlp din zona de
apropiere, plus 3 m.
d - distana pe orizontal ntre conductorul extrem al LEA la deviaia lui maxim i peretele
conductei.
Dma - distana minim de apropiere egal cu: 5,00 m 1 kV Un 110 kV;
d Dma

Conducte
supraterane de
fluide
neinflamabile

Dma2 - distana minim de


apropiere egal cu:
5,00 m 1 kV Un 110 kV;

Dma2 d Dma1

Dma1 - distana minim de


apropiere egal cu:
15,00 m 1 kV Un 110 kV;

d Dma2

Distana pe
orizontal, ntre
baza celui mai
apropiat stlp i
peretele
conductei

D Da

d Dma1

DDa

Conducte
supraterane de
lichide
inflamabile

Msuri de
siguran

Deschiderile reale ale


stlpilor la vnt i la
sarcini verticale nu vor
depi 90% din cele de
dimensionare ale
stlpilor.
- Protecie mrit
conform art. 115(NTE
003), exceptnd msura
prevzut pentru stlpii
LEA cu izolatoare
suport.
- Lanuri duble de
izolatoare 1), respectiv
legturi duble n cazul
izolatoarelor suport.
Aceste apropieri se
interzic

D - distana ntre axul LEA i peretele conductei.


Da - distana de apropiere - nlimea deasupra solului a celui mai nalt stlp din zona de
apropiere, plus 3 m.
d - distana pe orizontal ntre conductorul extrem al LEA la deviaia lui maxim i peretele
conductei.

112

3LI - I 165 2012

Tabelul 5.2.7. - Distane minime pe orizontal la traversri i apropieri


Tipul
obiectivului
pe lng
care trece
linia

Distana pe orizontal [m]


Puncte de
reper

Mrime

Apropieri
Distane

Dma2 - distana minim de


apropiere egal cu:
5,00 m 1 kV Un 110 kV;

Dma2 d Dma1

Dma1 - distana minim de


apropiere egal cu:
15,00 m 1 kV Un 110 kV;

d Dma2

Conducte
supraterane de
gaze inflamabile

Distana pe
orizontal, ntre
baza celui mai
apropiat stlp i
peretele
conductei

D Da

d Dma1

DDa

Msuri de
siguran
Deschiderile reale ale
stlpilor la vnt i la
sarcini verticale nu vor
depi 90% din cele de
dimensionare ale
stlpilor.
- Protecie mrit
conform art. 115(NTE
003), exceptnd msura
prevzut pentru stlpii
LEA cu izolatoare
suport.
- Lanuri duble de
izolatoare 1), respectiv
legturi duble n cazul
izolatoarelor suport.
Aceste apropieri se
interzic

D - distana ntre axul LEA i peretele conductei.


Da - distana de apropiere - nlimea deasupra solului a celui mai nalt stlp din zona de
apropiere, plus 3 m.
d - distana pe orizontal ntre conductorul extrem al LEA la deviaia lui maxim i peretele
conductei.

Cldiri

Distana ntre
conductorul
extrem al LEA, la
deviaia lui
maxim i cea
mai apropiat
parte a cldirii
fr s constituie
traversare.

Dma - distana minim de


apropiere :

Cldiri locuite 3m;


Cldiri nelocuite 3m.

dDma

Nu se iau dac nu
constituie zon locuit

d Dma

Aceste apropieri se vor


trata ca traversri

d - distana ntre conductorul extrem al LEA, la deviaia lui maxim i cea mai apropiat parte a
cldirii fr s constituie traversare.
Dma - distana minim de apropiere

3LI - I 165 2012

113

ANEXE

114

3LI - I 165 2012

Anexa 1

Conductoare neizolate utilizate la LEA de medie tensiune

3LI - I 165 2012

115

ACSR

Seciunea

Diametrul Masa

Cod
Al

Ol
2

mm

16/2,5
25/4
35/6
50/8
70/11
70/12
95/15
127/7
120/21
95/55
150/25
185/32
160/95
240/40
300/50
300/69
450/75
450/97
680/85
973/228

15,27
23,86
34,35
48,25
68,05
66,16
90,05
127,2
122,6
96,51
148,8
183,8
163,3
236,1
294,9
305,3
445,3
449,1
678,6
973,9

116

ACSR
2

mm

2,54
3,98
5,73
8,04
11,34
11,56
14,97
7,07
20,91
56,30
24,25
31,67
97,03
40,08
49,48
68,98
75,55
97,03
85,95
227,83

mm

17,8
27,8
40,1
56,3
79,4
77,7
105,0
134,3
143,5
152,8
173,1
215,4
260,4
276,1
344,4
374,3
520,9
546,2
764,5
1201,7

Rezisten
a electric
la 20C

Capacitatea de
transport

Conductoare din oel-aluminiu, conform SF 35/1999-IPROEB

daN

/km

580
895
1237
1681
2336
2576
3372
2969
4591
7785
5367
6734
14084
8464
10359
12956
16409
18697
20656
41555

1,8793
1,2028
0,8353
0,5946
0,4217
0,4364
0,3206
0,2264
0,2356
0,2992
0,1940
0,1571
0,1773
0,1223
0,0979
0,0947
0,0649
0,0644
0,0426
0,0297

145
192
243
302
376
371
451
556
551
492
623
717
690
842
973
1000
1264
1281
1662
2124

Fora
de rupere
ACSR

mm

kg/km

5,40
6,75
8,10
9,60
11,40
11,55
13,35
15,00
15,65
16,00
17,10
19,20
20,75
21,70
24,20
25,15
29,25
30,15
36,00
44,50

61,7
96,4
138,8
195,0
275,0
272,6
365,6
405,4
501,8
706,4
600,5
754,9
1213,2
965,0
1200,9
1384,7
1823,4
2002,5
2550,8
4481,3

3LI - I 165 2012

AAAC

16
25
35
50
70
70
95
120
150
185
240
300
305
450
680

3LI - I 165 2012

ACSR

16/2,5
25/4
35/6
50/8
70/11
70/12
95/15
120/21
150/25
185/32
240/40
300/50
300/69
450/75
680/85

Capacitatea
de transport a curentului

AAAC

Rezistenta
in curent continuu
la 20C

Conductoare din aliaj de aluminiu, conform SF 35-A2/2007-IPROEB

Sectiune
conductor

Diametru
conductor

Masa

Forta de
rupere
nominala

mm2

mm

kg/km

daN

/km

18,0
27,8
40,1
56,3
79,4
79,7
106,4
146,2
174,6
220,1
279,2
347,9
400,1
515,4
778,1

5,43
6,75
8,10
9,60
11,40
11,55
13,35
15,65
17,10
19,20
21,70
24,20
26,00
29,50
36,25

49
76
110
154
217
219
293
403
481
606
770
960
1105
1424
2150

585
903
1302
1829
2501
2587
3454
4748
5671
6930
9074
11306
13003
16751
24510

1,8483
1,1954
0,8303
0,5911
0,4190
0,4199
0,3145
0,2287
0,1915
0,1520
0,1200
0,0964
0,0839
0,0650
0,0426

157
207
262
326
407
408
491
604
677
786
918
1059
1155
1375
1807

117

AAAC

16
25
40
63
100
125
160
200
250
315
400
450
500
560
630
710
800
900
1000
1120
1250

118

Masa

Forta de
rupere
nominala

Capacitatea
de transport a curentului

AAAC

Sectiune Diametru
conductor conductor

Rezistenta
in curent continuu
la 20C

Conductoare din aliaj de aluminiu, conform CEI 61089-1991 (aliaj din aluminiu
tare, tip A2)-IPROEB

mm2

mm

kg/km

daN

/km

18,4
28,8
46
72,5
115
144
184
230
288
363
460
518
575
645
725
817
921
1036
1151
1289
1439

5,49
6,86
8,68
10,90
13,90
15,50
17,60
19,60
22,00
24,70
27,90
29,60
31,20
33,00
35,00
37,20
39,50
41,80
44,10
46,70
49,40

50,4
78,7
125,9
198,3
316,3
395,4
506,1
632,7
790,8
998,9
1268,4
1426,9
1585,5
1778,4
2000,7
2254,8
2540,6
2861,1
3179,0
3560,5
3973,7

543
849
1358
2139
3395
4244
5432
6791
8488
10695
13581
15279
16976
19014
21390
24107
27162
30558
33953
38027
42441

1,7896
1,1453
0,7158
0,4545
0,2877
0,2302
0,1798
0,1439
0,1151
0,0916
0,0721
0,0641
0,0577
0,0516
0,0458
0,0407
0,0361
0,0321
0,0289
0,0258
0,0231

150
200
270
361
487
562
659
760
879
1019
1188
1282
1370
1472
1585
1706
1840
1975
2104
2249
2401

3LI - I 165 2012

Anexa 2

Stlpi utilizai la LEA 20 kV

Stlpi din beton;


Stlpi metalici tubulari cu seciune poligonal;
Stlpi din lemn;

3LI - I 165 2012

119

SLPI DIN BETON VIBRAI - PRECOMPRIMAI

Tipul stlpului
nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Latura mic
Latura mare
nlime
Latura mic
Dimensiune
Latura mare
vrf
nlime
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la Faa plin
ncastrare
Faa alveole
Momentul de calcul Faa plin
la ncastrare
Faa alveole
Dimensiune
baz

Tipul stlpului
nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Latura mic
Latura mare
nlime
Latura mic
Dimensiune
Latura mare
vrf
nlime
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la Faa plin
ncastrare
Faa alveole
Momentul de calcul Faa plin
la ncastrare
Faa alveole
Dimensiune
baz

120

U.M.
m
kg
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
m
daNm
daNm
daNm
daNm

SE 4T
10,00
860
31,30
33,70
23,50
14,23
15,77
15,00
1,4

U.M.
m
kg
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
m
daNm
daNm
daNm
daNm

SE 8T
12,00
3430
70,15
74,85
47,00
28,50
31,50
30,00
1,4

1,50
2171
1045
2822
1359

1,70
19100
5465
24830
7105

SE 5T
SE 6TM
11,20
12,00
1300
2310
43,70
63,30
46,30
66,70
27,50
35,00
18,10
23,80
19,90
26,20
19,00
25,00
1,4
1,4
0,1,2,3
Turnat
1,60
1,70
4189
10523
1285
3473
5446
13680
1671
4515

SE 7TM
14,00
2860
63,30
66,70
35,00
23,80
26,20
25,00
1,4

SE 9T
SE 10T
14,00
10,00
4370
2110
77,50
51,90
82,50
55,10
50,00
32,00
28,50
23,75
31,50
26,25
30,00
25,00
1,4
1,4
0,1,2,3
Turnat
2,00
1,50
21523
6988
7145
2719
27980
9084
9289
3535

SE 11T
10,00
2700
63,50
67,50
43,50
28,52
31,48
30,00
1,4

2,00
11770
3885
15301
5051

1,50
13638
5547
17729
7211

3LI - I 165 2012

STLPI DIN BETON ARMAT CENTRIFUGAT

Tipul stlpului
nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Dimensiune

Vrf
Baz
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la ncastrare
Momentul de calcul la ncastrare

Tipul stlpului
nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Dimensiune

U.M.
m
kg
26.80
36.00
m
daNm
daNm

Vrf
Baz
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la ncastrare
Momentul de calcul la ncastrare

U.M.
m
kg
cm
cm
m
daNm
daNm

Tipul stlpului

U.M.

nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Dimensiune

m
kg
cm
cm
m
daNm
daNm

Vrf
Baz
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la ncastrare
Momentul de calcul la ncastrare

3LI - I 165 2012

SCP
15006-9.2
9,20
1130
24.00
36.00
0,7

1,4
4232
5502

SC 15007
14,00
1750
21,00
35,00
0,7

SCP
15006-120 SC 10005
12,00
10,00
1400
1700
24,00
26,00
34,00
41,00
0,7
0,7
0,1,2,3
Turnat
1,7
1,5
4232
8844
5502
11497

SC 15006N
12,00
1250
24,00
36,00
0,7

1,7
4232
5502

SC 15014
12,00
2310
32,00
50,00
0,7

2,00
4389

SC 15014-10,5
10,50
1930
34,25
50,00
0,7
0,1,2,3
Turnat
1,60
13077

5706

17000

17000

SC 15015
14.00
2830
32.00
53.00
0,7

2,00
15836
20587

SC 122200
12.00
3600
44.00
62.00
0,7

SC 123100
12.00
4500
56.00
74.00
0,7
0,1,2,3
Turnat
1,70
1,70
23874
34009
31036
44212

1,70
13077

SC 18-1300
18.00
5820
44.00
74.00
0,7

2,20
21740
28262
121

SC 10005
DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 10005
Varianta PC 52

122

PC 52

3LI - I 165 2012

SC 15007
DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 15007
Varianta PC 52

PC 52

3LI - I 165 2012

123

SC 15014

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 15014


Varianta PC 52

PC 52

124

3LI - I 165 2012

SC 15014

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 15014 SI SC 15014-105


Varianta PC 60

PC 60

3LI - I 165 2012

125

SC 15015
DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 15015
Varianta PC 52

126

PC 52

3LI - I 165 2012

SC 15015

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 15015


Varianta PC 60

PC 60

3LI - I 165 2012

127

SC 12-2200

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 12-2200


Varianta PC 60

128

PC 60

3LI - I 165 2012

SC 12-3100

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 12-3100


Varianta PC 60

3LI - I 165 2012

PC 60

129

SC 1187-1

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU TC 1187-1


Varianta PC 52

PC 52

130

3LI - I 165 2012

SC 1187-1

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU TC 1187-1


Varianta PC 60

PC 60

3LI - I 165 2012

131

SC 18-1300

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTE DE CALCUL PENTRU SC 18 -1300


Varianta PC 60

PC 60

132

3LI - I 165 2012

STLPI METALICI TUBULARI CU SECIUNE POLIGONAL

Tipul stlpului
nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Dimensiune

Vrf
Baz
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la ncastrare
Momentul de calcul la ncastrare

U.M.
m
kg
cm
cm
m
daNm
daNm

SMT 4T
10,00
172
15,00
25,60
1,0

Tipul stlpului

U.M.

nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Dimensiune

m
kg
cm
cm
m
daNm
daNm

SMT
15007
14,00
340
18,00
32,00
1,0

Vrf
Baz
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la ncastrare
Momentul de calcul la ncastrare

Tipul stlpului
nlimea stlpului
Greutatea stlpului
Dimensiune

Vrf
Baz
Coef. aerodinamic stlp
Categorie teren
Tipul fundaiei
Adncimea de ncastrare
Momentul normat la ncastrare
Momentul de calcul la ncastrare

3LI - I 165 2012

U.M.
m
kg
cm
cm
m
daNm
daNm

1,50
2193
2850

SMT 10T SMT 11T


10,00
10,00
292
401
20,00
24,00
40,00
58,00
1,0
1,0
0,1,2,3
Turnat
1,50
1,50
7013
13770
9116
17901

2,00
4620
6006

SMT 12-3100
12,00
890
30,00
71,15
1,0

1,70
33990
44187

SMT
15014
12,00
585
30,00
50,00
1,0

SMT
15015
14,00
820
30,00
54,00
1,0
0,1,2,3
Turnat
1,70
2,00
13081
15840
17005
20592

SMTi 20116
16,65
1074
30,80
64,00
1,0
0,1,2,3
Turnat
2,10
17897
23266

SMT 15006
12,00
291
18,00
32,00
1,0

1,70
4120
5356

SMT 122200
12,00
670
30,00
71,50
1,0

1,70
23896
31064

SMT 20219
19,75
2264
34,00
68,40
1,0

2,20
41418
53843

133

134

3LI - I 165 2012

3LI - I 165 2012

135

136

3LI - I 165 2012

3LI - I 165 2012

137

138

3LI - I 165 2012

3LI - I 165 2012

139

140

3LI - I 165 2012

3LI - I 165 2012

141

STLPI DIN LEMN

CARACTERISTICILE STLPILOR DIN LEMN conf. ST nr.1-Electrica


Fora de
rupere

Fora
normat la
vrf
Fn

[m]

[ daN ]

Lungime
Tip stlp

Diametrul
la vrf

Diametrul la
baz (minim)

Fr

Fora
de
strivire
Fstr

Dv

Db

[ daN ]

[ KN ]

[ cm ]

[ cm ]

13 - 15
13 - 15
13 - 15

16 - 22
17 - 23
19 - 24

150
128
110
97

16 - 19
16 - 19
16 - 19
16 - 19

21 - 27,5
21,5 - 28,5
26 - 30,0
28 - 31,0

390
332
288
254
227

20 - 26
20 - 26
20 - 26
20 - 26
20 - 26

26 - 36,6
27 - 37,0
27 - 38,0
28 - 39,5
30 - 40,5

STLPI UORI
S8-U
S9-U
S 10 - U

8
9
10

175
175
175

683
683
683

79
66
54

STLPI MIJLOCII
S9-M
S 10 - M
S 11 - M
S 12 - M

9
10
11
12

300
300
300
300

S 10 - G
S 11 - G
S 12 - G
S 13 - G
S 14 - G

10
11
12
13
14

600
600
600
600
600

1170
1170
1170
1170
STLPI GREI
2340
2340
2340
2340
2340

NOT: - Fora la vrf acioneaz la 0,25 m de la vrf;

142

3LI - I 165 2012

Anexa 3

Console utilizate la LEA 20 kV

3LI - I 165 2012

143

V
T
G

CONSOL CSO 1100

Nr.
crt.

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS

MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
1
L 63x63x6 7836/1-80 L 63x63x6 7836/1-80
2
L 60x60x6 7836/1-80 L 60x60x6 7836/1-80
3
L 60x60x6
424-91
L 60x60x6
424-91
4
L 70x70x7
424-91
L 70x70x7
424-91
2
OL 52 (Rc =3150 daN/cm )
5
L 60x60x6
424-91
L 60x60x6
424-91
6
L 60x60x6
424-91
L 50x50x5
424-91

144

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
400
385
365
430

190
170
165
270

163
142
140
220

440
440

240
130

198
114

3LI - I 165 2012

V
T
G

CONSOL CSO 1385

Nr.
crt.

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS

MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
1
L 70x70x7
424-91
L 60x60x6
424-91
2
L 70x70x7 7836/1-80 L 60x60x6 7836/1-80
OL 52 (Rc =3150 daN/cm2)
3
L 70x70x7
424-91
L 60x60x6
424-91

3LI - I 165 2012

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
400
400

160
165

138
143

460

240

198

145

V
T
G

CONSOL CIT 140

Nr.
crt.

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS

MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
1
L 63x63x6
424-91
L 60x60x6
424-91
2
L 70x70x7 7836/1-80 L 60x60x6 7836/1-80
OL 52 (Rc =3150 daN/cm2)
3
L 60x60x6
424-91
L 60x60x6
424-91

146

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
300
300

350
350

1500
1500

330

350

1500

3LI - I 165 2012

V
T
G

CONSOL CDS

CONTRAFIS
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
1
U 80x50x4 7835/1-80 L 50x50x4 7835/1-80
OL 52 (Rc =3150 daN/cm2)
2
U 80x50x4 7835/1-80 L 50x50x4 7835/1-80
Nr.
crt.

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS

3LI - I 165 2012

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
250

150

70

320

180

100

147

V
T
G

CONSOL CDI

Nr.
crt.
1

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS
U 80x50x4

148

CONTRAFIS
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
7835/1-80 L 60x60x6 7835/1-80

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
250

150

800

3LI - I 165 2012

V
T
G

CONSOL CIE

Nr.
crt.

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS

MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
1
L 70x70x7
424-91
L 70x70x7
424-91
2
L 70x70x7
424-91
L 80x80x8
424-91
3
L 80x80x8
424-91
L 80x80x8
424-91
4
L 70x70x7 7836/1-80 L 80x80x7 7836/1-80
5
L 80x80x7 7836/1-80 L 80x80x7 7836/1-80
OL 52 (Rc =3150 daN/cm2)
6
L 60x60x6
424-91
L 70x70x7
424-91
7
L 70x70x7
424-91
L 70x70x7
424-91

3LI - I 165 2012

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
300
300
350
320
370

110
150
150
145
145

86
129
129
118
118

255
400

155
155

123
123

149

V
T
G

CONSOL CDV 550

Nr.
crt.
1
2

150

TRAVERS
EFORT MAXIM (daN)
PROFIL
STAS
G
V
T
2
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm )
L 60x60x6 7835/1-80
150
100
150
L 60x60x6
424-91
150
100
150

3LI - I 165 2012

V
T
G

CONSOL CSS

Nr.
crt.
1

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS
L 70x70x7

424-91

MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
U 6,5
424-91

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
400

250

350

CONSOL CSI

Nr.
crt.
1

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS
L 70x70x7

3LI - I 165 2012

424-91

MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm2)
L 70x70x7
424-91

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
400

250

145

151

V
T
G

V
CONSOL CIS, CII

Nr.
crt.
1

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS
L 70x70x7

152

424-91

MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
OL 52 (Rc =3150daN/cm2)
L 70x70x7
424-91

EFORT MAXIM (daN)


G
V
T
300

200

1000

3LI - I 165 2012

V
T
G

CONSOL CDCS (Pianjen)

Nr.
crt.
1
2
3
4

3LI - I 165 2012

TRAVERS
EFORT MAXIM (daN)
PROFIL
STAS
G
V
T
2
OL 37 (Rc =2200 daN/cm )
U 10
564-86
200
200
116
U8
564-86
315
195
87
U 100x50x6
7835/1-80
190
190
107
U 80x60x5
7835/1-80
275
185
119

153

V
G

CONSOL CDCI

Nr.
crt.
1

TRAVERS
PROFIL
STAS
L 60x60x6

154

424-91

GEFORT MAXIM (daN)


MONTANT
PROFIL STAS
G
V
T
2
OL 52 (Rc =3150 daN/cm )
L 60x60x6
424-91
320
225
1250

3LI - I 165 2012

Anexa 4

Tabele de traciuni i sgei pentru conductoare ACSR,


n conformitate cu NTE 003/04/00

3LI - I 165 2012

155

ALOL-35/6

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
40.00
:
8.10
:
0.1392
: 7509.3
:
0.000019
: 1230.60
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
1.20
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:
1.20
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
1.10
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
1.80

1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

157

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1392
0.003480
0.1531
0.003828
2. Din chiciura .................................. 0.9085
0.022714
1.6354
0.040885
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.0477
0.026194
1.7885
0.044713
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.4520
0.011300
0.5876
0.014689
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 0.8950
0.022376
1.1635
0.029089
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.4729
0.011823
0.6072
0.015180
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 1.3780
0.034450
2.1337
0.053342
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.1721
0.004303
0.2238
0.005594
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.0618
0.026545
1.8024
0.045061
==============================================================================================

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

158
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.401| 5.236| 2.285| 9.876| 10.774| 9.914|12.860| 5.261| 19.566| 12.792| 0.17| 0.30| 13.9|IMAG.| 66.69| 73.15| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.306| 5.218| 2.492|10.751| 11.944|10.802|12.860| 5.260| 19.553| 14.528| 0.28| 0.49| 13.9|IMAG.| 66.69| 73.15| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |11.185| 5.196| 2.682|11.611| 13.067|11.674|12.859| 5.260| 19.536| 16.156| 0.41| 0.70| 13.9|IMAG.| 66.69| 73.15| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 |11.039| 5.173| 2.856|12.440| 14.136|12.515|12.859| 5.260| 19.516| 17.689| 0.55| 0.95| 13.9|IMAG.| 66.69| 73.15| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 |10.868| 5.148| 3.013|13.236| 15.154|13.320|12.859| 5.259| 19.493| 19.139| 0.71| 1.21| 13.9|IMAG.| 66.69| 73.15| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 8.262| 3.558| 2.394|12.805| 14.995|12.903|12.859| 5.259| 19.465| 19.465| 1.16| 1.64| 13.9|IMAG.| 66.69| 73.15| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 5.032| 2.493| 1.972|12.139| 14.549|12.247|12.859| 5.258| 19.434| 19.434| 1.79| 2.18| 13.9|IMAG.| 66.69| 73.15| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

CONDUCTOR

ALOL-35/6

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

159

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
5.032
4.182
3.517
3.248
3.017
2.817
2.644
2.493
2.362
2.246
2.144
2.053
1.972 12.139 14.549
================================================================================================================================
35
0.11
0.13
0.15
0.16
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.33
0.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.14
0.17
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.28
0.29
0.31
0.32
0.34
0.35
0.43
0.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.18
0.21
0.25
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.33
0.35
0.37
0.39
0.41
0.43
0.45
0.55
0.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.22
0.26
0.31
0.33
0.36
0.39
0.41
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.67
0.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.26
0.31
0.37
0.41
0.44
0.47
0.50
0.53
0.56
0.59
0.61
0.64
0.67
0.82
0.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.31
0.37
0.45
0.48
0.52
0.56
0.59
0.63
0.66
0.70
0.73
0.76
0.79
0.97
1.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.37
0.44
0.52
0.57
0.61
0.65
0.70
0.74
0.78
0.82
0.86
0.90
0.93
1.14
1.25
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.42
0.51
0.61
0.66
0.71
0.76
0.81
0.85
0.90
0.95
0.99
1.04
1.08
1.32
1.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.49
0.59
0.70
0.75
0.81
0.87
0.93
0.98
1.04
1.09
1.14
1.19
1.24
1.52
1.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.55
0.67
0.79
0.86
0.92
0.99
1.05
1.12
1.18
1.24
1.30
1.36
1.41
1.73
1.89
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.62
0.75
0.89
0.97
1.04
1.12
1.19
1.26
1.33
1.40
1.47
1.53
1.59
1.95
2.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
0.70
0.84
1.00
1.08
1.17
1.25
1.33
1.41
1.49
1.57
1.64
1.72
1.79
2.18
2.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
0.78
0.94
1.12
1.21
1.30
1.39
1.49
1.57
1.66
1.75
1.83
1.91
1.99
2.43
2.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
0.86
1.04
1.24
1.34
1.44
1.54
1.65
1.74
1.84
1.94
2.03
2.12
2.21
2.70
2.96
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
0.95
1.15
1.36
1.48
1.59
1.70
1.81
1.92
2.03
2.14
2.24
2.34
2.43
2.97
3.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
1.05
1.26
1.50
1.62
1.74
1.87
1.99
2.11
2.23
2.34
2.45
2.56
2.67
3.26
3.58
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
12.25 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

CONDUCTOR

ALOL-35/6

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

160

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.171
2.759
2.449
2.323
2.212
2.114
2.026
1.947
1.876
1.812
1.753
1.699
1.650 11.002 13.397
================================================================================================================================
35
0.17
0.19
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.36
0.39
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.22
0.25
0.28
0.30
0.31
0.33
0.34
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.48
0.51
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.28
0.32
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.43
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.52
0.53
0.60
0.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.34
0.39
0.44
0.47
0.49
0.51
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.74
0.80
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.42
0.48
0.54
0.57
0.59
0.62
0.65
0.68
0.70
0.73
0.75
0.77
0.80
0.90
0.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.49
0.57
0.64
0.67
0.71
0.74
0.77
0.80
0.83
0.86
0.89
0.92
0.95
1.07
1.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.58
0.67
0.75
0.79
0.83
0.87
0.91
0.94
0.98
1.01
1.05
1.08
1.11
1.26
1.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.67
0.77
0.87
0.92
0.96
1.01
1.05
1.09
1.14
1.18
1.22
1.25
1.29
1.46
1.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.77
0.89
1.00
1.05
1.11
1.16
1.21
1.26
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.44
1.48
1.67
1.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.88
1.01
1.14
1.20
1.26
1.32
1.37
1.43
1.48
1.54
1.59
1.64
1.69
1.90
2.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.99
1.14
1.28
1.35
1.42
1.49
1.55
1.61
1.68
1.73
1.79
1.85
1.90
2.15
2.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.11
1.28
1.44
1.52
1.59
1.67
1.74
1.81
1.88
1.94
2.01
2.07
2.14
2.41
2.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.24
1.42
1.60
1.69
1.77
1.86
1.94
2.02
2.09
2.17
2.24
2.31
2.38
2.69
2.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.37
1.58
1.78
1.87
1.97
2.06
2.15
2.23
2.32
2.40
2.48
2.56
2.64
2.98
3.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
1.51
1.74
1.96
2.06
2.17
2.27
2.37
2.46
2.56
2.65
2.74
2.82
2.91
3.28
3.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
1.66
1.91
2.15
2.27
2.38
2.49
2.60
2.70
2.81
2.91
3.00
3.10
3.19
3.60
3.89
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.11 daN/mm2

ALOL-35/6

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
40.00
:
8.10
:
0.1392
: 7509.3
:
0.000019
: 1230.60
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1392
0.003480
0.1531
0.003828
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.5603
0.039007
2.8085
0.070212
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.6995
0.042487
2.9616
0.074040
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.6328
0.015819
0.8226
0.020565
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.4536
0.036340
1.8897
0.047242
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.6479
0.016198
0.8367
0.020918
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.2363
0.055908
3.5131
0.087828
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.2795
0.006988
0.3634
0.009085
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.7223
0.043058
2.9838
0.074595
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

161

162

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.401| 5.236| 2.285|11.644| 13.058|11.706|12.860| 5.261| 19.538| 16.186| 0.17| 0.41| 22.9|IMAG.| 40.35| 43.39| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.306| 5.218| 2.492|13.070| 14.863|13.148|12.860| 5.260| 19.503| 18.756| 0.28| 0.65| 22.9|IMAG.| 40.35| 43.39| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 | 7.185| 2.393| 1.495|12.524| 14.754|12.623|12.859| 5.260| 19.458| 19.458| 0.73| 1.06| 22.9|IMAG.| 40.35| 43.39| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 2.326| 1.324| 1.111|11.554| 14.081|11.667|12.859| 5.260| 19.403| 19.403| 1.41| 1.65| 22.9|IMAG.| 40.35| 43.39| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 1.352| 1.072| 0.975|10.920| 13.604|11.039|12.859| 5.259| 19.338| 19.338| 2.19| 2.38| 22.9|IMAG.| 40.35| 43.39| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 1.101| 0.964| 0.906|10.488| 13.255|10.610|12.859| 5.259| 19.262| 19.262| 3.07| 3.24| 22.9|IMAG.| 40.35| 43.39| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 0.987| 0.902| 0.864|10.177| 12.985|10.299|12.859| 5.258| 19.175| 19.175| 4.08| 4.23| 22.9|IMAG.| 40.35| 43.39| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

ALOL-35/6

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

163

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.101
1.066
1.033
1.018
1.004
0.990
0.976
0.964
0.951
0.939
0.928
0.917
0.906 10.488 13.255
================================================================================================================================
20
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.25
0.26
0.26
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.32
0.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.40
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.46
0.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.62
0.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.81
0.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.80
0.83
0.85
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
1.03
1.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.99
1.02
1.05
1.07
1.08
1.10
1.11
1.13
1.14
1.16
1.17
1.19
1.20
1.27
1.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
1.19
1.23
1.27
1.29
1.31
1.33
1.35
1.37
1.38
1.40
1.42
1.44
1.45
1.53
1.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
1.42
1.47
1.52
1.54
1.56
1.58
1.60
1.63
1.65
1.67
1.69
1.71
1.73
1.82
1.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.67
1.72
1.78
1.80
1.83
1.86
1.88
1.91
1.93
1.96
1.98
2.00
2.03
2.14
2.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.94
2.00
2.06
2.09
2.12
2.15
2.18
2.21
2.24
2.27
2.30
2.33
2.35
2.48
2.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
2.22
2.30
2.37
2.40
2.44
2.47
2.51
2.54
2.57
2.61
2.64
2.67
2.70
2.85
2.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
2.53
2.61
2.69
2.73
2.77
2.81
2.85
2.89
2.93
2.96
3.00
3.04
3.07
3.24
3.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
2.85
2.95
3.04
3.09
3.13
3.18
3.22
3.26
3.30
3.35
3.39
3.43
3.47
3.66
3.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
3.20
3.31
3.41
3.46
3.51
3.56
3.61
3.66
3.70
3.75
3.80
3.84
3.89
4.10
4.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
3.56
3.68
3.80
3.86
3.91
3.97
4.02
4.07
4.13
4.18
4.23
4.28
4.33
4.57
4.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
3.95
4.08
4.21
4.27
4.33
4.39
4.46
4.51
4.57
4.63
4.69
4.75
4.80
5.06
5.27
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.61 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

ALOL-35/6

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

164

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.024
0.995
0.968
0.956
0.944
0.932
0.921
0.910
0.900
0.889
0.880
0.870
0.861 10.068 12.773
================================================================================================================================
20
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.27
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.47
0.49
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.59
0.60
0.61
0.61
0.62
0.65
0.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.84
0.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.86
0.89
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.07
1.11
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
1.06
1.09
1.12
1.14
1.15
1.17
1.18
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.32
1.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
1.29
1.32
1.36
1.38
1.39
1.41
1.43
1.45
1.46
1.48
1.50
1.51
1.53
1.60
1.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
1.53
1.57
1.62
1.64
1.66
1.68
1.70
1.72
1.74
1.76
1.78
1.80
1.82
1.90
1.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.80
1.85
1.90
1.92
1.95
1.97
2.00
2.02
2.04
2.07
2.09
2.11
2.13
2.23
2.31
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
2.08
2.14
2.20
2.23
2.26
2.29
2.31
2.34
2.37
2.40
2.42
2.45
2.48
2.58
2.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
2.39
2.46
2.53
2.56
2.59
2.63
2.66
2.69
2.72
2.75
2.78
2.81
2.84
2.97
3.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
2.72
2.80
2.88
2.91
2.95
2.99
3.02
3.06
3.09
3.13
3.17
3.20
3.23
3.38
3.50
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
3.07
3.16
3.25
3.29
3.33
3.37
3.41
3.45
3.49
3.53
3.57
3.61
3.65
3.81
3.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
3.44
3.54
3.64
3.69
3.73
3.78
3.83
3.87
3.92
3.96
4.01
4.05
4.09
4.27
4.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
3.83
3.95
4.05
4.11
4.16
4.21
4.26
4.31
4.36
4.41
4.46
4.51
4.56
4.76
4.94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
4.25
4.37
4.49
4.55
4.61
4.67
4.72
4.78
4.84
4.89
4.95
5.00
5.05
5.27
5.47
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.19 daN/mm2

ALOL-35/6

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
40.00
:
8.10
:
0.1392
: 7509.3
:
0.000019
: 1230.60
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1392
0.003480
0.1531
0.003828
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.5603
0.039007
2.8085
0.070212
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.6995
0.042487
2.9616
0.074040
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.8286
0.020716
1.0772
0.026930
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.6474
0.041185
2.1416
0.053541
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.8402
0.021006
1.0880
0.027201
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.3669
0.059172
3.6548
0.091370
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3168
0.007920
0.4119
0.010296
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.7287
0.043219
2.9901
0.074753
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

165

166

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.401| 5.236| 2.285|11.644| 13.392|11.723|12.860| 5.261| 19.534| 16.515| 0.17| 0.41| 23.9|IMAG.| 38.78| 41.66| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.306| 5.218| 2.492|13.070| 15.283|13.170|12.860| 5.260| 19.496| 19.162| 0.28| 0.65| 23.9|IMAG.| 38.78| 41.66| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 | 5.931| 1.933| 1.324|11.995| 14.757|12.123|12.859| 5.260| 19.448| 19.448| 0.82| 1.11| 23.9|IMAG.| 38.78| 41.66| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 1.848| 1.192| 1.028|11.043| 14.129|11.186|12.859| 5.260| 19.388| 19.388| 1.52| 1.73| 23.9|IMAG.| 38.78| 41.66| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 1.209| 0.995| 0.915|10.435| 13.684|10.583|12.859| 5.259| 19.317| 19.317| 2.33| 2.49| 23.9|IMAG.| 38.78| 41.66| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 1.016| 0.905| 0.856|10.024| 13.356|10.175|12.859| 5.259| 19.235| 19.235| 3.25| 3.39| 23.9|IMAG.| 38.78| 41.66| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 0.923| 0.852| 0.820| 9.728| 13.099| 9.880|12.859| 5.258| 19.140| 19.140| 4.30| 4.42| 23.9|IMAG.| 38.78| 41.66| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

ALOL-35/6

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

167

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.016
0.988
0.962
0.949
0.938
0.926
0.915
0.905
0.894
0.884
0.875
0.865
0.856 10.024 13.356
================================================================================================================================
10
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.48
0.50
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.58
0.59
0.60
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.62
0.65
0.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.80
0.81
0.85
0.89
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.87
0.89
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.07
1.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
1.07
1.10
1.13
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.19
1.20
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.26
1.27
1.32
1.38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
1.30
1.33
1.37
1.39
1.40
1.42
1.44
1.45
1.47
1.49
1.50
1.52
1.54
1.60
1.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
1.54
1.59
1.63
1.65
1.67
1.69
1.71
1.73
1.75
1.77
1.79
1.81
1.83
1.91
1.99
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.81
1.86
1.91
1.94
1.96
1.98
2.01
2.03
2.06
2.08
2.10
2.12
2.15
2.24
2.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
2.10
2.16
2.22
2.24
2.27
2.30
2.33
2.36
2.38
2.41
2.44
2.46
2.49
2.60
2.71
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
2.41
2.48
2.54
2.58
2.61
2.64
2.67
2.71
2.74
2.77
2.80
2.83
2.86
2.98
3.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
2.74
2.82
2.89
2.93
2.97
3.01
3.04
3.08
3.11
3.15
3.18
3.22
3.25
3.39
3.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
3.09
3.18
3.27
3.31
3.35
3.39
3.43
3.47
3.51
3.55
3.59
3.63
3.67
3.83
4.00
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
3.47
3.57
3.66
3.71
3.76
3.80
3.85
3.90
3.94
3.98
4.03
4.07
4.11
4.29
4.49
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.18 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

ALOL-35/6

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

168

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
0.954
0.931
0.909
0.898
0.888
0.878
0.869
0.860
0.851
0.842
0.834
0.826
0.818
9.650 12.909
================================================================================================================================
10
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.47
0.47
0.48
0.50
0.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.56
0.57
0.59
0.59
0.60
0.61
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.65
0.67
0.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.73
0.75
0.77
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.88
0.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.92
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.11
1.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
1.14
1.17
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.28
1.29
1.30
1.32
1.33
1.38
1.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
1.38
1.41
1.45
1.47
1.48
1.50
1.51
1.53
1.55
1.56
1.58
1.59
1.61
1.66
1.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
1.64
1.68
1.72
1.74
1.76
1.78
1.80
1.82
1.84
1.86
1.88
1.90
1.91
1.98
2.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.93
1.98
2.02
2.05
2.07
2.09
2.12
2.14
2.16
2.18
2.20
2.23
2.25
2.33
2.42
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
2.23
2.29
2.35
2.37
2.40
2.43
2.45
2.48
2.50
2.53
2.56
2.58
2.61
2.70
2.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
2.56
2.63
2.69
2.72
2.76
2.79
2.82
2.85
2.88
2.90
2.93
2.96
2.99
3.10
3.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
2.92
2.99
3.06
3.10
3.13
3.17
3.20
3.24
3.27
3.31
3.34
3.37
3.40
3.52
3.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
3.29
3.38
3.46
3.50
3.54
3.58
3.62
3.66
3.69
3.73
3.77
3.81
3.84
3.98
4.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
3.69
3.79
3.88
3.92
3.97
4.01
4.06
4.10
4.14
4.18
4.22
4.27
4.31
4.46
4.64
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.80 daN/mm2

AL/OL-50/8

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
56.30
:
9.60
:
0.1953
: 7503.6
:
0.000019
: 1669.80
:
30.00
: 120.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1953
0.003469
0.2148
0.003816
2. Din chiciura .................................. 0.9651
0.017142
1.7372
0.030856
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.1604
0.020611
1.9520
0.034671
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.5357
0.009515
0.6964
0.012369
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 0.9285
0.016492
1.2071
0.021440
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.5702
0.010127
0.7288
0.012944
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 1.4862
0.026397
2.2951
0.040765
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.1786
0.003172
0.2321
0.004123
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.1741
0.020854
1.9658
0.034916
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

169

170

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.201| 5.045| 2.159| 9.129| 9.755| 9.155|12.397| 5.071| 18.868| 11.335| 0.18| 0.25| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.099| 5.026| 2.376| 9.789| 10.646| 9.825|12.397| 5.071| 18.860| 12.714| 0.29| 0.42| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |10.969| 5.004| 2.572|10.451| 11.517|10.496|12.397| 5.071| 18.850| 14.020| 0.42| 0.62| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 |10.811| 4.979| 2.748|11.098| 12.354|11.152|12.397| 5.070| 18.838| 15.254| 0.57| 0.84| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 |10.628| 4.953| 2.906|11.722| 13.154|11.783|12.397| 5.070| 18.824| 16.424| 0.73| 1.08| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 |10.420| 4.927| 3.048|12.320| 13.917|12.389|12.397| 5.069| 18.807| 17.534| 0.91| 1.34| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 |10.189| 4.902| 3.176|12.891| 14.645|12.967|12.396| 5.069| 18.788| 18.592| 1.11| 1.62| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 100 | 8.072| 3.816| 2.745|12.507| 14.450|12.592|12.396| 5.068| 18.767| 18.767| 1.58| 2.06| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 5.720| 3.029| 2.412|12.004| 14.103|12.095|12.396| 5.067| 18.744| 18.744| 2.18| 2.60| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 4.087| 2.599| 2.209|11.594| 13.811|11.690|12.395| 5.067| 18.718| 18.718| 2.83| 3.20| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 120.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

171

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
4.087
3.610
3.236
3.079
2.939
2.814
2.701
2.599
2.507
2.422
2.345
2.274
2.209 11.594 13.811
================================================================================================================================
20
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.14
0.15
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.20
0.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.13
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.27
0.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.17
0.19
0.21
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.36
0.38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.21
0.24
0.27
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.45
0.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.27
0.30
0.34
0.35
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.42
0.43
0.45
0.46
0.48
0.49
0.56
0.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.32
0.36
0.41
0.43
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.59
0.67
0.72
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.38
0.43
0.48
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.67
0.69
0.71
0.80
0.86
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.45
0.51
0.57
0.59
0.62
0.65
0.68
0.70
0.73
0.76
0.78
0.81
0.83
0.94
1.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.52
0.59
0.66
0.69
0.72
0.76
0.79
0.82
0.85
0.88
0.91
0.93
0.96
1.09
1.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.60
0.68
0.75
0.79
0.83
0.87
0.90
0.94
0.97
1.01
1.04
1.07
1.10
1.25
1.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.68
0.77
0.86
0.90
0.94
0.99
1.03
1.07
1.11
1.15
1.18
1.22
1.26
1.42
1.53
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.77
0.87
0.97
1.02
1.07
1.11
1.16
1.21
1.25
1.29
1.34
1.38
1.42
1.61
1.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
0.86
0.97
1.09
1.14
1.19
1.25
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.45
1.50
1.54
1.59
1.80
1.94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
0.96
1.08
1.21
1.27
1.33
1.39
1.45
1.51
1.56
1.62
1.67
1.72
1.77
2.01
2.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.06
1.20
1.34
1.41
1.48
1.54
1.61
1.67
1.73
1.79
1.85
1.91
1.96
2.22
2.39
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.69 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 120.00

172

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.064
2.802
2.589
2.498
2.414
2.337
2.267
2.202
2.142
2.086
2.034
1.986
1.940 10.656 12.840
================================================================================================================================
20
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.22
0.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.17
0.19
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.27
0.30
0.31
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.23
0.25
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.39
0.41
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.29
0.31
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.49
0.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.35
0.39
0.42
0.43
0.45
0.46
0.48
0.49
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.55
0.56
0.60
0.64
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.43
0.47
0.51
0.53
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.61
0.63
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.73
0.78
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.51
0.56
0.60
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.69
0.71
0.73
0.75
0.77
0.79
0.80
0.87
0.93
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.60
0.65
0.71
0.73
0.76
0.78
0.81
0.83
0.86
0.88
0.90
0.92
0.94
1.02
1.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.69
0.76
0.82
0.85
0.88
0.91
0.94
0.96
0.99
1.02
1.04
1.07
1.10
1.18
1.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.80
0.87
0.94
0.98
1.01
1.04
1.08
1.11
1.14
1.17
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.36
1.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.91
0.99
1.07
1.11
1.15
1.19
1.22
1.26
1.30
1.33
1.36
1.40
1.43
1.55
1.64
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.02
1.12
1.21
1.25
1.30
1.34
1.38
1.42
1.46
1.50
1.54
1.58
1.61
1.75
1.86
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.15
1.25
1.36
1.41
1.45
1.50
1.55
1.60
1.64
1.68
1.73
1.77
1.81
1.96
2.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.28
1.40
1.51
1.57
1.62
1.67
1.73
1.78
1.83
1.88
1.92
1.97
2.02
2.18
2.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.42
1.55
1.67
1.74
1.80
1.86
1.91
1.97
2.02
2.08
2.13
2.18
2.23
2.42
2.57
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.75 daN/mm2

AL/OL-50/8

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
56.30
:
9.60
:
0.1953
: 7503.6
:
0.000019
: 1669.80
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1953
0.003469
0.2148
0.003816
2. Din chiciura .................................. 0.9651
0.017142
1.7372
0.030856
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.1604
0.020611
1.9520
0.034671
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.5357
0.009515
0.6964
0.012369
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 0.9285
0.016492
1.2071
0.021440
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.5702
0.010127
0.7288
0.012944
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 1.4862
0.026397
2.2951
0.040765
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.1786
0.003172
0.2321
0.004123
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.1741
0.020854
1.9658
0.034916
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

173

174

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 8.072| 3.816| 2.745|12.507| 14.450|12.592|12.396| 5.068| 18.767| 18.767| 1.58| 2.06| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 5.720| 3.029| 2.412|12.004| 14.103|12.095|12.396| 5.067| 18.744| 18.744| 2.18| 2.60| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 4.087| 2.599| 2.209|11.594| 13.811|11.690|12.395| 5.067| 18.718| 18.718| 2.83| 3.20| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 3.209| 2.344| 2.074|11.260| 13.564|11.360|12.395| 5.066| 18.690| 18.690| 3.53| 3.87| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 2.737| 2.178| 1.979|10.985| 13.355|11.088|12.395| 5.065| 18.660| 18.660| 4.29| 4.60| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 2.455| 2.062| 1.909|10.758| 13.175|10.862|12.394| 5.064| 18.627| 18.627| 5.11| 5.39| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 2.271| 1.977| 1.855|10.566| 13.019|10.672|12.394| 5.062| 18.592| 18.592| 5.99| 6.24| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 2.141| 1.912| 1.811|10.404| 12.882|10.510|12.393| 5.061| 18.554| 18.554| 6.92| 7.16| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 2.045| 1.860| 1.776|10.263| 12.760|10.370|12.393| 5.060| 18.514| 18.514| 7.91| 8.13| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 1.970| 1.818| 1.747|10.140| 12.650|10.247|12.392| 5.059| 18.472| 18.472| 8.96| 9.17| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 1.911| 1.783| 1.722|10.030| 12.550|10.138|12.392| 5.057| 18.427| 18.427|10.07|10.27| 10.7|IMAG.| 83.51| 92.77| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

175

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.911
1.880
1.851
1.837
1.823
1.809
1.796
1.783
1.770
1.758
1.745
1.734
1.722 10.030 12.550
================================================================================================================================
105
2.50
2.54
2.58
2.60
2.62
2.64
2.66
2.68
2.70
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.78
2.83
2.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.75
2.79
2.83
2.86
2.88
2.90
2.92
2.94
2.96
2.98
3.01
3.03
3.05
3.11
3.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.00
3.05
3.10
3.12
3.15
3.17
3.19
3.22
3.24
3.26
3.29
3.31
3.33
3.40
3.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.27
3.32
3.37
3.40
3.43
3.45
3.48
3.50
3.53
3.55
3.58
3.60
3.63
3.70
3.79
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
3.55
3.60
3.66
3.69
3.72
3.74
3.77
3.80
3.83
3.85
3.88
3.91
3.93
4.01
4.11
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
3.83
3.90
3.96
3.99
4.02
4.05
4.08
4.11
4.14
4.17
4.20
4.23
4.26
4.34
4.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.14
4.20
4.27
4.30
4.34
4.37
4.40
4.43
4.46
4.50
4.53
4.56
4.59
4.68
4.79
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
4.45
4.52
4.59
4.63
4.66
4.70
4.73
4.77
4.80
4.84
4.87
4.90
4.94
5.03
5.15
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
4.77
4.85
4.93
4.96
5.00
5.04
5.08
5.11
5.15
5.19
5.22
5.26
5.29
5.40
5.53
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
5.11
5.19
5.27
5.31
5.35
5.39
5.43
5.47
5.51
5.55
5.59
5.63
5.67
5.78
5.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
5.45
5.54
5.63
5.67
5.72
5.76
5.80
5.84
5.89
5.93
5.97
6.01
6.05
6.17
6.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
5.81
5.90
6.00
6.04
6.09
6.14
6.18
6.23
6.27
6.32
6.36
6.40
6.45
6.58
6.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
6.18
6.28
6.38
6.43
6.48
6.53
6.57
6.62
6.67
6.72
6.76
6.81
6.86
6.99
7.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
6.56
6.67
6.77
6.82
6.88
6.93
6.98
7.03
7.08
7.13
7.18
7.23
7.28
7.42
7.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
6.95
7.06
7.17
7.23
7.29
7.34
7.39
7.45
7.50
7.56
7.61
7.66
7.71
7.87
8.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
7.35
7.47
7.59
7.65
7.71
7.77
7.82
7.88
7.94
7.99
8.05
8.10
8.16
8.32
8.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
7.77
7.89
8.02
8.08
8.14
8.20
8.26
8.32
8.38
8.44
8.50
8.56
8.62
8.79
9.00
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
8.19
8.33
8.46
8.52
8.59
8.65
8.72
8.78
8.84
8.91
8.97
9.03
9.09
9.27
9.49
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.14 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

176
TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]
(Zona meteorologica

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.842
1.814
1.788
1.775
1.762
1.750
1.738
1.726
1.714
1.703
1.692
1.681
1.670
9.761 12.232
================================================================================================================================
105
2.60
2.64
2.67
2.69
2.71
2.73
2.75
2.77
2.79
2.81
2.83
2.84
2.86
2.91
2.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.85
2.89
2.94
2.96
2.98
3.00
3.02
3.04
3.06
3.08
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.19
3.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.11
3.16
3.21
3.23
3.25
3.28
3.30
3.32
3.34
3.37
3.39
3.41
3.43
3.49
3.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.39
3.44
3.49
3.52
3.54
3.57
3.59
3.62
3.64
3.67
3.69
3.71
3.74
3.80
3.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
3.68
3.73
3.79
3.82
3.84
3.87
3.90
3.93
3.95
3.98
4.00
4.03
4.06
4.12
4.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
3.98
4.04
4.10
4.13
4.16
4.19
4.22
4.25
4.27
4.30
4.33
4.36
4.39
4.46
4.56
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.29
4.36
4.42
4.45
4.48
4.52
4.55
4.58
4.61
4.64
4.67
4.70
4.73
4.81
4.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
4.61
4.69
4.75
4.79
4.82
4.86
4.89
4.92
4.96
4.99
5.02
5.06
5.09
5.17
5.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
4.95
5.03
5.10
5.14
5.17
5.21
5.25
5.28
5.32
5.35
5.39
5.42
5.46
5.55
5.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
5.30
5.38
5.46
5.50
5.54
5.58
5.61
5.65
5.69
5.73
5.77
5.80
5.84
5.94
6.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
5.66
5.74
5.83
5.87
5.91
5.95
5.99
6.04
6.08
6.12
6.16
6.20
6.24
6.34
6.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
6.03
6.12
6.21
6.25
6.30
6.34
6.39
6.43
6.47
6.52
6.56
6.60
6.65
6.76
6.91
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
6.41
6.51
6.60
6.65
6.70
6.75
6.79
6.84
6.89
6.93
6.98
7.02
7.07
7.19
7.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
6.80
6.91
7.01
7.06
7.11
7.16
7.21
7.26
7.31
7.36
7.41
7.45
7.50
7.63
7.80
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
7.21
7.32
7.43
7.48
7.54
7.59
7.64
7.69
7.75
7.80
7.85
7.90
7.95
8.08
8.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
7.63
7.74
7.86
7.92
7.97
8.03
8.08
8.14
8.19
8.25
8.30
8.36
8.41
8.55
8.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
8.06
8.18
8.30
8.36
8.42
8.48
8.54
8.60
8.66
8.71
8.77
8.83
8.88
9.03
9.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
8.50
8.63
8.76
8.82
8.88
8.95
9.01
9.07
9.13
9.19
9.25
9.31
9.37
9.53
9.74
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.87 daN/mm2

AL/OL-50/8

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
56.30
:
9.60
:
0.1953
: 7503.6
:
0.000019
: 1669.80
:
30.00
: 100.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1953
0.003469
0.2148
0.003816
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.6380
0.029095
2.9484
0.052370
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.8333
0.032563
3.1633
0.056186
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.7500
0.013321
0.9749
0.017317
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.4954
0.026562
1.9441
0.034531
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.7750
0.013765
0.9983
0.017732
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.3659
0.042023
3.7129
0.065949
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.2876
0.005108
0.3739
0.006640
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.8557
0.032962
3.1853
0.056577
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

177

178

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.201| 5.045| 2.159|10.435| 11.471|10.479|12.397| 5.071| 18.852| 13.968| 0.18| 0.35| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.099| 5.026| 2.376|11.548| 12.889|11.606|12.397| 5.071| 18.832| 16.034| 0.29| 0.56| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |10.969| 5.004| 2.572|12.617| 14.229|12.687|12.397| 5.071| 18.806| 17.956| 0.42| 0.81| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 8.549| 3.326| 2.002|12.510| 14.430|12.594|12.397| 5.070| 18.774| 18.774| 0.78| 1.17| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 4.253| 1.928| 1.516|11.674| 13.853|11.770|12.397| 5.070| 18.736| 18.736| 1.40| 1.71| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 2.207| 1.513| 1.321|11.077| 13.416|11.179|12.397| 5.069| 18.692| 18.692| 2.10| 2.35| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 1.648| 1.332| 1.218|10.645| 13.081|10.751|12.396| 5.069| 18.642| 18.642| 2.88| 3.10| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 100 | 1.418| 1.232| 1.155|10.324| 12.819|10.432|12.396| 5.068| 18.585| 18.585| 3.75| 3.94| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

179

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.207
1.985
1.812
1.740
1.675
1.616
1.562
1.513
1.469
1.427
1.389
1.354
1.321 11.077 13.416
================================================================================================================================
20
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.15
0.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.12
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.33
0.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.24
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.45
0.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.31
0.35
0.38
0.40
0.41
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.51
0.53
0.59
0.63
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.40
0.44
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.63
0.65
0.66
0.74
0.79
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.49
0.55
0.60
0.62
0.65
0.67
0.69
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.92
0.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.59
0.66
0.72
0.75
0.78
0.81
0.84
0.87
0.89
0.92
0.94
0.97
0.99
1.11
1.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.71
0.79
0.86
0.90
0.93
0.97
1.00
1.03
1.06
1.09
1.12
1.15
1.18
1.32
1.41
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.83
0.92
1.01
1.05
1.09
1.13
1.17
1.21
1.25
1.28
1.32
1.35
1.39
1.55
1.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.96
1.07
1.17
1.22
1.27
1.32
1.36
1.40
1.45
1.49
1.53
1.57
1.61
1.80
1.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.11
1.23
1.35
1.40
1.46
1.51
1.56
1.61
1.66
1.71
1.76
1.80
1.85
2.07
2.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.26
1.40
1.53
1.60
1.66
1.72
1.78
1.83
1.89
1.94
2.00
2.05
2.10
2.35
2.51
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.42
1.58
1.73
1.80
1.87
1.94
2.01
2.07
2.13
2.19
2.26
2.31
2.37
2.66
2.83
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.59
1.77
1.94
2.02
2.10
2.17
2.25
2.32
2.39
2.46
2.53
2.59
2.66
2.98
3.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.77
1.97
2.16
2.25
2.34
2.42
2.51
2.59
2.66
2.74
2.82
2.89
2.96
3.32
3.53
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.96
2.18
2.39
2.49
2.59
2.68
2.78
2.87
2.95
3.04
3.12
3.20
3.28
3.67
3.92
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.18 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

180

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.753
1.627
1.523
1.477
1.435
1.396
1.361
1.327
1.296
1.267
1.240
1.214
1.190 10.329 12.622
================================================================================================================================
20
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.15
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.25
0.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.30
0.33
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.48
0.51
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.40
0.43
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.50
0.51
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.63
0.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.50
0.54
0.58
0.59
0.61
0.63
0.65
0.66
0.68
0.69
0.71
0.72
0.74
0.80
0.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.62
0.67
0.71
0.73
0.76
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.87
0.89
0.91
0.99
1.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.75
0.81
0.86
0.89
0.91
0.94
0.96
0.99
1.01
1.04
1.06
1.08
1.10
1.19
1.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.89
0.96
1.03
1.06
1.09
1.12
1.15
1.18
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.29
1.31
1.42
1.50
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.04
1.13
1.20
1.24
1.28
1.31
1.35
1.38
1.41
1.45
1.48
1.51
1.54
1.66
1.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.21
1.31
1.40
1.44
1.48
1.52
1.56
1.60
1.64
1.68
1.71
1.75
1.79
1.93
2.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.39
1.50
1.60
1.65
1.70
1.75
1.79
1.84
1.88
1.93
1.97
2.01
2.05
2.22
2.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.58
1.71
1.82
1.88
1.93
1.99
2.04
2.09
2.14
2.19
2.24
2.29
2.33
2.52
2.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.79
1.93
2.06
2.12
2.18
2.24
2.30
2.36
2.42
2.47
2.53
2.58
2.63
2.85
3.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
2.00
2.16
2.31
2.38
2.45
2.52
2.58
2.65
2.71
2.77
2.83
2.89
2.95
3.19
3.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
2.23
2.41
2.57
2.65
2.73
2.80
2.88
2.95
3.02
3.09
3.16
3.22
3.29
3.56
3.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
2.47
2.67
2.85
2.94
3.02
3.11
3.19
3.27
3.35
3.42
3.50
3.57
3.64
3.94
4.16
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.43 daN/mm2

AL/OL-50/8

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
56.30
:
9.60
:
0.1953
: 7503.6
:
0.000019
: 1669.80
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1953
0.003469
0.2148
0.003816
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.6380
0.029095
2.9484
0.052370
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.8333
0.032563
3.1633
0.056186
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.7500
0.013321
0.9749
0.017317
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.4954
0.026562
1.9441
0.034531
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.7750
0.013765
0.9983
0.017732
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.3659
0.042023
3.7129
0.065949
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.2876
0.005108
0.3739
0.006640
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.8557
0.032962
3.1853
0.056577
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

181

182
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 1.418| 1.232| 1.155|10.324| 12.819|10.432|12.396| 5.068| 18.585| 18.585| 3.75| 3.94| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 1.293| 1.168| 1.112|10.076| 12.606|10.185|12.396| 5.067| 18.523| 18.523| 4.72| 4.89| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 1.214| 1.123| 1.081| 9.878| 12.428| 9.988|12.395| 5.067| 18.454| 18.454| 5.78| 5.93| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 1.159| 1.090| 1.056| 9.714| 12.274| 9.824|12.395| 5.066| 18.378| 18.378| 6.94| 7.08| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 1.118| 1.064| 1.037| 9.573| 12.137| 9.683|12.395| 5.065| 18.296| 18.296| 8.20| 8.33| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 1.087| 1.042| 1.020| 9.449| 12.011| 9.558|12.394| 5.064| 18.206| 18.206| 9.57| 9.69| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 1.061| 1.024| 1.005| 9.336| 11.893| 9.445|12.394| 5.062| 18.109| 18.109|11.04|11.16| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 1.039| 1.008| 0.992| 9.231| 11.780| 9.339|12.393| 5.061| 18.005| 18.005|12.63|12.74| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 1.020| 0.994| 0.980| 9.131| 11.669| 9.239|12.393| 5.060| 17.894| 17.894|14.34|14.44| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 1.003| 0.980| 0.968| 9.034| 11.559| 9.141|12.392| 5.059| 17.774| 17.774|16.17|16.27| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 0.987| 0.967| 0.957| 8.938| 11.449| 9.045|12.392| 5.057| 17.646| 17.646|18.12|18.22| 17.3|IMAG.| 51.29| 55.04| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

183

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
0.987
0.982
0.978
0.976
0.974
0.972
0.970
0.967
0.965
0.963
0.961
0.959
0.957
8.938 11.449
================================================================================================================================
100
4.39
4.41
4.43
4.44
4.45
4.46
4.47
4.48
4.49
4.50
4.51
4.52
4.53
4.55
4.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
4.84
4.87
4.89
4.90
4.91
4.92
4.93
4.94
4.95
4.96
4.97
4.98
4.99
5.02
5.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
5.32
5.34
5.36
5.38
5.39
5.40
5.41
5.42
5.44
5.45
5.46
5.47
5.48
5.51
5.55
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
5.81
5.84
5.86
5.88
5.89
5.90
5.91
5.93
5.94
5.95
5.97
5.98
5.99
6.02
6.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
6.33
6.36
6.38
6.40
6.41
6.43
6.44
6.45
6.47
6.48
6.50
6.51
6.52
6.56
6.61
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
6.87
6.90
6.93
6.94
6.96
6.97
6.99
7.00
7.02
7.03
7.05
7.06
7.08
7.12
7.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
7.43
7.46
7.49
7.51
7.53
7.54
7.56
7.57
7.59
7.61
7.62
7.64
7.66
7.70
7.75
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
8.01
8.04
8.08
8.10
8.12
8.13
8.15
8.17
8.19
8.20
8.22
8.24
8.26
8.30
8.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
8.61
8.65
8.69
8.71
8.73
8.75
8.77
8.78
8.80
8.82
8.84
8.86
8.88
8.93
8.99
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
9.24
9.28
9.32
9.34
9.36
9.38
9.40
9.42
9.44
9.46
9.48
9.50
9.52
9.57
9.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
9.89
9.93
9.98
10.00
10.02
10.04
10.06
10.08
10.11
10.13
10.15
10.17
10.19
10.25
10.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
10.56
10.60
10.65
10.67
10.70
10.72
10.75
10.77
10.79
10.81
10.84
10.86
10.88
10.94
11.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
11.25
11.30
11.35
11.37
11.40
11.42
11.45
11.47
11.50
11.52
11.55
11.57
11.60
11.66
11.75
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
11.96
12.02
12.07
12.10
12.12
12.15
12.18
12.20
12.23
12.26
12.28
12.31
12.33
12.40
12.49
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
12.70
12.76
12.81
12.84
12.87
12.90
12.93
12.95
12.98
13.01
13.04
13.06
13.09
13.16
13.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
13.46
13.52
13.58
13.61
13.64
13.67
13.70
13.73
13.76
13.79
13.82
13.84
13.87
13.95
14.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
14.24
14.30
14.36
14.40
14.43
14.46
14.49
14.52
14.55
14.58
14.62
14.65
14.68
14.75
14.87
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
15.04
15.11
15.17
15.21
15.24
15.27
15.31
15.34
15.37
15.41
15.44
15.47
15.50
15.59
15.70
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.04 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

184

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
0.977
0.972
0.968
0.966
0.964
0.962
0.960
0.958
0.956
0.954
0.952
0.950
0.948
8.855 11.344
================================================================================================================================
100
4.44
4.46
4.48
4.49
4.50
4.51
4.52
4.53
4.54
4.55
4.56
4.56
4.57
4.60
4.63
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
4.89
4.92
4.94
4.95
4.96
4.97
4.98
4.99
5.00
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
5.07
5.11
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
5.37
5.40
5.42
5.43
5.44
5.45
5.47
5.48
5.49
5.50
5.51
5.52
5.54
5.56
5.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
5.87
5.90
5.92
5.94
5.95
5.96
5.97
5.99
6.00
6.01
6.02
6.04
6.05
6.08
6.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
6.39
6.42
6.45
6.46
6.48
6.49
6.50
6.52
6.53
6.55
6.56
6.57
6.59
6.62
6.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
6.94
6.97
7.00
7.01
7.03
7.04
7.06
7.07
7.09
7.10
7.12
7.13
7.15
7.18
7.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
7.50
7.54
7.57
7.59
7.60
7.62
7.63
7.65
7.67
7.68
7.70
7.71
7.73
7.77
7.83
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
8.09
8.13
8.16
8.18
8.20
8.22
8.23
8.25
8.27
8.28
8.30
8.32
8.34
8.38
8.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
8.70
8.74
8.78
8.80
8.82
8.83
8.85
8.87
8.89
8.91
8.93
8.95
8.97
9.01
9.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
9.33
9.38
9.42
9.44
9.46
9.48
9.50
9.52
9.54
9.56
9.58
9.60
9.62
9.66
9.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
9.99
10.03
10.08
10.10
10.12
10.14
10.16
10.19
10.21
10.23
10.25
10.27
10.29
10.34
10.42
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
10.67
10.71
10.76
10.78
10.81
10.83
10.85
10.88
10.90
10.92
10.94
10.97
10.99
11.04
11.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
11.37
11.42
11.47
11.49
11.51
11.54
11.56
11.59
11.61
11.64
11.66
11.69
11.71
11.77
11.85
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
12.09
12.14
12.19
12.22
12.25
12.27
12.30
12.32
12.35
12.38
12.40
12.43
12.45
12.51
12.61
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
12.83
12.89
12.94
12.97
13.00
13.03
13.05
13.08
13.11
13.14
13.17
13.19
13.22
13.28
13.38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
13.60
13.66
13.72
13.75
13.77
13.80
13.83
13.86
13.89
13.92
13.95
13.98
14.01
14.08
14.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
14.38
14.45
14.51
14.54
14.57
14.60
14.64
14.67
14.70
14.73
14.76
14.79
14.82
14.89
15.00
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
15.20
15.26
15.33
15.36
15.39
15.43
15.46
15.49
15.53
15.56
15.59
15.62
15.66
15.73
15.85
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.96 daN/mm2

AL/OL-50/8

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
56.30
:
9.60
:
0.1953
: 7503.6
:
0.000019
: 1669.80
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1953
0.003469
0.2148
0.003816
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.6380
0.029095
2.9484
0.052370
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.8333
0.032563
3.1633
0.056186
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.9821
0.017444
1.2767
0.022677
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.6948
0.030104
2.2033
0.039135
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.0013
0.017785
1.2947
0.022996
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.4967
0.044346
3.8550
0.068472
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3259
0.005789
0.4237
0.007526
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.8621
0.033074
3.1915
0.056688
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

185

186
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.201| 5.045| 2.159|10.435| 11.722|10.492|12.397| 5.071| 18.850| 14.220| 0.18| 0.35| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.099| 5.026| 2.376|11.548| 13.209|11.622|12.397| 5.071| 18.828| 16.347| 0.29| 0.56| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |10.969| 5.004| 2.572|12.617| 14.611|12.707|12.397| 5.071| 18.800| 18.325| 0.42| 0.81| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 7.500| 2.767| 1.782|12.029| 14.422|12.138|12.397| 5.070| 18.766| 18.766| 0.88| 1.22| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 3.355| 1.716| 1.399|11.197| 13.879|11.319|12.397| 5.070| 18.725| 18.725| 1.52| 1.78| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 1.904| 1.394| 1.238|10.615| 13.470|10.744|12.397| 5.069| 18.677| 18.677| 2.24| 2.45| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 1.495| 1.246| 1.150|10.200| 13.157|10.333|12.396| 5.069| 18.623| 18.623| 3.05| 3.23| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

187

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.495
1.428
1.368
1.341
1.315
1.291
1.268
1.246
1.225
1.205
1.186
1.168
1.150 10.200 13.157
================================================================================================================================
10
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.26
0.27
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.36
0.38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.36
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.49
0.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.46
0.49
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.59
0.60
0.64
0.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.59
0.62
0.64
0.65
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.81
0.85
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.72
0.76
0.79
0.81
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.87
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.93
0.94
1.00
1.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.88
0.92
0.96
0.98
1.00
1.02
1.03
1.05
1.07
1.09
1.11
1.12
1.14
1.21
1.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
1.04
1.09
1.14
1.16
1.19
1.21
1.23
1.25
1.27
1.30
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.44
1.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.23
1.28
1.34
1.37
1.39
1.42
1.45
1.47
1.50
1.52
1.54
1.57
1.59
1.69
1.78
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.42
1.49
1.55
1.58
1.62
1.65
1.68
1.71
1.73
1.76
1.79
1.82
1.85
1.96
2.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.63
1.71
1.78
1.82
1.85
1.89
1.92
1.96
1.99
2.02
2.06
2.09
2.12
2.24
2.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.86
1.94
2.03
2.07
2.11
2.15
2.19
2.23
2.27
2.30
2.34
2.38
2.41
2.55
2.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
2.10
2.19
2.29
2.34
2.38
2.43
2.47
2.52
2.56
2.60
2.64
2.68
2.72
2.88
3.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
2.35
2.46
2.57
2.62
2.67
2.72
2.77
2.82
2.87
2.92
2.96
3.01
3.05
3.23
3.41
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.33 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

90.00

188

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.350
1.299
1.253
1.232
1.211
1.192
1.174
1.156
1.139
1.123
1.108
1.093
1.078
9.697 12.585
================================================================================================================================
10
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.26
0.28
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.36
0.36
0.38
0.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.39
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.49
0.51
0.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.63
0.64
0.67
0.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.65
0.68
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.85
0.89
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.80
0.83
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.91
0.92
0.94
0.95
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.01
1.05
1.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.97
1.01
1.05
1.07
1.08
1.10
1.12
1.13
1.15
1.17
1.18
1.20
1.22
1.27
1.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
1.16
1.20
1.25
1.27
1.29
1.31
1.33
1.35
1.37
1.39
1.41
1.43
1.45
1.51
1.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.36
1.41
1.46
1.49
1.51
1.54
1.56
1.58
1.61
1.63
1.65
1.68
1.70
1.77
1.86
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.57
1.64
1.70
1.73
1.75
1.78
1.81
1.84
1.86
1.89
1.92
1.94
1.97
2.06
2.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.81
1.88
1.95
1.98
2.01
2.05
2.08
2.11
2.14
2.17
2.20
2.23
2.26
2.36
2.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
2.06
2.14
2.22
2.25
2.29
2.33
2.36
2.40
2.44
2.47
2.51
2.54
2.57
2.69
2.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
2.32
2.41
2.50
2.54
2.59
2.63
2.67
2.71
2.75
2.79
2.83
2.87
2.90
3.03
3.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.85
2.90
2.95
2.99
3.04
3.08
3.13
3.17
3.21
3.26
3.40
3.57
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.83 daN/mm2

AL/OL-50/8

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
56.30
:
9.60
:
0.1953
: 7503.6
:
0.000019
: 1669.80
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.1953
0.003469
0.2148
0.003816
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.6380
0.029095
2.9484
0.052370
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.8333
0.032563
3.1633
0.056186
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.9821
0.017444
1.2767
0.022677
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.6948
0.030104
2.2033
0.039135
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.0013
0.017785
1.2947
0.022996
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.4967
0.044346
3.8550
0.068472
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3259
0.005789
0.4237
0.007526
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.8621
0.033074
3.1915
0.056688
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

189

190

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 1.313| 1.161| 1.096| 9.893| 12.910|10.028|12.396| 5.068| 18.562| 18.562| 3.96| 4.11| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 1.210| 1.106| 1.058| 9.657| 12.708| 9.793|12.396| 5.067| 18.495| 18.495| 4.96| 5.10| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 1.143| 1.066| 1.030| 9.468| 12.537| 9.604|12.395| 5.067| 18.420| 18.420| 6.06| 6.19| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 1.096| 1.037| 1.008| 9.310| 12.388| 9.446|12.395| 5.066| 18.338| 18.338| 7.27| 7.39| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 1.060| 1.013| 0.990| 9.174| 12.252| 9.310|12.395| 5.065| 18.248| 18.248| 8.59| 8.70| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 1.032| 0.994| 0.974| 9.054| 12.127| 9.189|12.394| 5.064| 18.151| 18.151|10.01|10.12| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 1.008| 0.977| 0.961| 8.943| 12.007| 9.078|12.394| 5.062| 18.047| 18.047|11.56|11.65| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 0.988| 0.962| 0.948| 8.839| 11.891| 8.973|12.393| 5.061| 17.934| 17.934|13.22|13.31| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 0.971| 0.948| 0.936| 8.740| 11.776| 8.873|12.393| 5.060| 17.812| 17.812|15.01|15.09| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 0.955| 0.935| 0.925| 8.643| 11.661| 8.775|12.392| 5.059| 17.681| 17.681|16.92|17.00| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 0.940| 0.923| 0.914| 8.546| 11.544| 8.677|12.392| 5.057| 17.542| 17.542|18.98|19.05| 17.9|IMAG.| 49.39| 52.92| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00
[m]

191

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
0.971
0.966
0.960
0.958
0.955
0.953
0.951
0.948
0.946
0.943
0.941
0.939
0.936
8.740 11.776
================================================================================================================================
100
4.47
4.49
4.51
4.53
4.54
4.55
4.56
4.57
4.59
4.60
4.61
4.62
4.63
4.66
4.71
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
4.93
4.95
4.98
4.99
5.00
5.02
5.03
5.04
5.06
5.07
5.08
5.09
5.11
5.13
5.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
5.41
5.43
5.46
5.48
5.49
5.51
5.52
5.53
5.55
5.56
5.58
5.59
5.60
5.64
5.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
5.91
5.94
5.97
5.99
6.00
6.02
6.03
6.05
6.06
6.08
6.09
6.11
6.13
6.16
6.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
6.43
6.47
6.50
6.52
6.54
6.55
6.57
6.59
6.60
6.62
6.64
6.65
6.67
6.71
6.78
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
6.98
7.02
7.05
7.07
7.09
7.11
7.13
7.15
7.16
7.18
7.20
7.22
7.24
7.28
7.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
7.55
7.59
7.63
7.65
7.67
7.69
7.71
7.73
7.75
7.77
7.79
7.81
7.83
7.87
7.96
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
8.14
8.18
8.23
8.25
8.27
8.29
8.31
8.34
8.36
8.38
8.40
8.42
8.44
8.49
8.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
8.76
8.80
8.85
8.87
8.90
8.92
8.94
8.96
8.99
9.01
9.03
9.06
9.08
9.13
9.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
9.39
9.44
9.49
9.52
9.54
9.57
9.59
9.62
9.64
9.67
9.69
9.71
9.74
9.79
9.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
10.05
10.10
10.16
10.18
10.21
10.24
10.26
10.29
10.32
10.34
10.37
10.40
10.42
10.48
10.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
10.73
10.79
10.85
10.88
10.90
10.93
10.96
10.99
11.02
11.04
11.07
11.10
11.13
11.19
11.31
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
11.44
11.50
11.56
11.59
11.62
11.65
11.68
11.71
11.74
11.77
11.80
11.83
11.86
11.92
12.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
12.16
12.23
12.29
12.32
12.36
12.39
12.42
12.45
12.48
12.52
12.55
12.58
12.61
12.68
12.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
12.91
12.98
13.05
13.08
13.12
13.15
13.18
13.22
13.25
13.29
13.32
13.35
13.39
13.46
13.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
13.68
13.75
13.83
13.86
13.90
13.93
13.97
14.01
14.04
14.08
14.11
14.15
14.18
14.26
14.42
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
14.47
14.55
14.63
14.67
14.70
14.74
14.78
14.82
14.86
14.89
14.93
14.97
15.01
15.09
15.25
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
15.29
15.37
15.45
15.49
15.53
15.57
15.61
15.65
15.69
15.73
15.77
15.81
15.85
15.94
16.11
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.87 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-50/8

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

192

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
0.959
0.954
0.949
0.947
0.944
0.942
0.939
0.937
0.935
0.932
0.930
0.928
0.926
8.644 11.651
================================================================================================================================
100
4.52
4.55
4.57
4.58
4.59
4.60
4.62
4.63
4.64
4.65
4.66
4.67
4.68
4.71
4.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
4.99
5.01
5.04
5.05
5.06
5.08
5.09
5.10
5.11
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.17
5.19
5.25
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
5.47
5.50
5.53
5.54
5.56
5.57
5.59
5.60
5.61
5.63
5.64
5.65
5.67
5.70
5.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
5.98
6.01
6.04
6.06
6.07
6.09
6.10
6.12
6.13
6.15
6.17
6.18
6.20
6.23
6.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
6.51
6.55
6.58
6.60
6.61
6.63
6.65
6.66
6.68
6.70
6.71
6.73
6.75
6.78
6.85
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
7.07
7.10
7.14
7.16
7.18
7.19
7.21
7.23
7.25
7.27
7.28
7.30
7.32
7.36
7.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
7.64
7.68
7.72
7.74
7.76
7.78
7.80
7.82
7.84
7.86
7.88
7.90
7.92
7.96
8.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
8.24
8.28
8.33
8.35
8.37
8.39
8.41
8.43
8.45
8.48
8.50
8.52
8.54
8.58
8.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
8.86
8.91
8.96
8.98
9.00
9.02
9.05
9.07
9.09
9.11
9.14
9.16
9.18
9.23
9.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
9.51
9.56
9.61
9.63
9.66
9.68
9.70
9.73
9.75
9.78
9.80
9.83
9.85
9.90
10.00
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
10.17
10.23
10.28
10.31
10.33
10.36
10.39
10.41
10.44
10.46
10.49
10.52
10.54
10.59
10.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
10.86
10.92
10.98
11.01
11.03
11.06
11.09
11.12
11.15
11.17
11.20
11.23
11.26
11.31
11.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
11.58
11.64
11.70
11.73
11.76
11.79
11.82
11.85
11.88
11.91
11.93
11.96
11.99
12.05
12.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
12.31
12.38
12.44
12.47
12.50
12.54
12.57
12.60
12.63
12.66
12.69
12.72
12.75
12.82
12.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
13.07
13.14
13.21
13.24
13.27
13.31
13.34
13.37
13.41
13.44
13.47
13.51
13.54
13.61
13.75
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
13.85
13.92
13.99
14.03
14.06
14.10
14.14
14.17
14.21
14.24
14.28
14.31
14.35
14.42
14.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
14.65
14.73
14.80
14.84
14.88
14.92
14.96
14.99
15.03
15.07
15.10
15.14
15.18
15.26
15.42
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
15.48
15.56
15.64
15.68
15.72
15.76
15.80
15.84
15.88
15.92
15.96
15.99
16.03
16.12
16.28
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.78 daN/mm2

AL/OL-70/12

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
81.30
:
11.70
:
0.2830
: 7477.1
:
0.000019
: 2601.80
:
30.00
: 100.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.2830
0.003481
0.3113
0.003829
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.0443
0.012845
1.8797
0.023120
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.3273
0.016326
2.1910
0.026949
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.6529
0.008030
0.8487
0.010439
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 0.9754
0.011997
1.2680
0.015597
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.7116
0.008752
0.9040
0.011119
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 1.6471
0.020260
2.5314
0.031137
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.1876
0.002307
0.2438
0.002999
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.3405
0.016488
2.2045
0.027116
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

193

194
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.615| 5.449| 2.434| 9.031| 9.413| 9.046|13.377| 5.472| 20.364| 10.555| 0.16| 0.20| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.528| 5.432| 2.628| 9.485| 10.038| 9.507|13.377| 5.472| 20.360| 11.600| 0.26| 0.34| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |11.417| 5.412| 2.810| 9.962| 10.675| 9.991|13.377| 5.472| 20.355| 12.615| 0.39| 0.51| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 |11.283| 5.390| 2.979|10.443| 11.304|10.479|13.377| 5.471| 20.348| 13.590| 0.53| 0.70| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 |11.127| 5.365| 3.133|10.917| 11.916|10.959|13.376| 5.471| 20.340| 14.521| 0.68| 0.92| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 |10.950| 5.340| 3.273|11.378| 12.506|11.425|13.376| 5.470| 20.331| 15.412| 0.85| 1.15| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 |10.752| 5.315| 3.401|11.824| 13.073|11.876|13.376| 5.470| 20.321| 16.263| 1.04| 1.40| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 100 |10.537| 5.291| 3.518|12.253| 13.618|12.310|13.376| 5.469| 20.310| 17.078| 1.24| 1.67| 8.1|IMAG.| 122.07| 145.11| IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

195

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC 10.752
9.441
8.166
7.549
6.951
6.375
5.828
5.315
4.842
4.413
4.030
3.694
3.401 11.824 13.073
================================================================================================================================
15
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.07
0.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.11
0.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.16
0.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.21
0.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.06
0.07
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.17
0.19
0.20
0.28
0.31
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.17
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.35
0.39
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.10
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.17
0.19
0.20
0.22
0.25
0.27
0.29
0.32
0.43
0.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.17
0.19
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.27
0.30
0.33
0.36
0.39
0.52
0.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.15
0.17
0.19
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.27
0.29
0.32
0.35
0.39
0.42
0.46
0.62
0.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.17
0.19
0.23
0.24
0.26
0.29
0.32
0.35
0.38
0.42
0.46
0.50
0.54
0.73
0.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.20
0.23
0.26
0.28
0.31
0.33
0.37
0.40
0.44
0.48
0.53
0.58
0.63
0.85
0.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.23
0.26
0.30
0.32
0.35
0.38
0.42
0.46
0.51
0.55
0.61
0.66
0.72
0.97
1.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.26
0.29
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.44
0.48
0.52
0.58
0.63
0.69
0.75
0.82
1.10
1.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.29
0.33
0.38
0.42
0.45
0.49
0.54
0.59
0.65
0.71
0.78
0.85
0.92
1.25
1.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
0.33
0.37
0.43
0.47
0.51
0.55
0.60
0.66
0.73
0.80
0.87
0.95
1.04
1.40
1.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
0.37
0.42
0.48
0.52
0.56
0.62
0.67
0.74
0.81
0.89
0.97
1.06
1.15
1.56
1.75
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
0.40
0.46
0.53
0.58
0.63
0.68
0.75
0.82
0.90
0.99
1.08
1.18
1.28
1.73
1.94
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.88 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

196

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
5.673
4.711
3.926
3.603
3.323
3.080
2.871
2.691
2.534
2.397
2.278
2.172
2.078
9.198 10.551
================================================================================================================================
15
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.15
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.09
0.11
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.19
0.21
0.23
0.24
0.26
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.32
0.34
0.35
0.38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.16
0.19
0.22
0.24
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.33
0.35
0.37
0.39
0.41
0.42
0.45
0.49
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.19
0.23
0.28
0.30
0.33
0.35
0.38
0.40
0.43
0.45
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.55
0.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.23
0.28
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.43
0.46
0.49
0.52
0.55
0.58
0.61
0.63
0.67
0.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.28
0.33
0.40
0.43
0.47
0.51
0.55
0.58
0.62
0.65
0.69
0.72
0.75
0.80
0.86
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.32
0.39
0.47
0.51
0.55
0.60
0.64
0.68
0.73
0.77
0.81
0.85
0.88
0.94
1.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.38
0.45
0.54
0.59
0.64
0.69
0.74
0.79
0.84
0.89
0.94
0.98
1.03
1.09
1.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.43
0.52
0.62
0.68
0.74
0.79
0.85
0.91
0.97
1.02
1.07
1.13
1.18
1.25
1.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.49
0.59
0.71
0.77
0.84
0.90
0.97
1.03
1.10
1.16
1.22
1.28
1.34
1.42
1.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.55
0.67
0.80
0.87
0.95
1.02
1.09
1.17
1.24
1.31
1.38
1.45
1.51
1.60
1.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
0.62
0.75
0.90
0.98
1.06
1.14
1.23
1.31
1.39
1.47
1.55
1.62
1.70
1.80
1.94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
0.69
0.83
1.00
1.09
1.18
1.27
1.37
1.46
1.55
1.64
1.72
1.81
1.89
2.00
2.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
0.77
0.92
1.11
1.21
1.31
1.41
1.52
1.62
1.72
1.81
1.91
2.00
2.09
2.22
2.40
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.26 daN/mm2

AL/OL-70/12

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
81.30
:
11.70
:
0.2830
: 7477.1
:
0.000019
: 2601.80
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.2830
0.003481
0.3113
0.003829
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.0443
0.012845
1.8797
0.023120
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.3273
0.016326
2.1910
0.026949
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.6529
0.008030
0.8487
0.010439
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 0.9754
0.011997
1.2680
0.015597
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.7116
0.008752
0.9040
0.011119
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 1.6471
0.020260
2.5314
0.031137
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.1876
0.002307
0.2438
0.002999
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.3405
0.016488
2.2045
0.027116
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

197

198
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 |10.537| 5.291| 3.518|12.253| 13.618|12.310|13.376| 5.469| 18.175| 17.078| 1.24| 1.67| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 |10.305| 5.267| 3.624|12.664| 14.139|12.727|13.375| 5.468| 18.161| 17.859| 1.45| 1.95| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 9.070| 4.659| 3.395|12.539| 14.142|12.608|13.375| 5.468| 18.145| 18.145| 1.85| 2.34| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 7.276| 3.935| 3.077|12.131| 13.855|12.205|13.375| 5.467| 18.128| 18.128| 2.39| 2.84| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 5.763| 3.460| 2.859|11.783| 13.604|11.860|13.374| 5.466| 18.110| 18.110| 2.98| 3.39| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 4.679| 3.143| 2.702|11.486| 13.385|11.567|13.374| 5.465| 18.091| 18.091| 3.62| 4.00| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 3.976| 2.923| 2.586|11.233| 13.194|11.317|13.374| 5.464| 18.070| 18.070| 4.31| 4.65| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 3.521| 2.762| 2.496|11.017| 13.026|11.103|13.373| 5.463| 18.047| 18.047| 5.04| 5.35| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 3.214| 2.642| 2.426|10.831| 12.878|10.918|13.373| 5.462| 18.024| 18.024| 5.81| 6.10| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 2.996| 2.548| 2.369|10.669| 12.747|10.758|13.372| 5.460| 17.998| 17.998| 6.63| 6.90| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 2.834| 2.473| 2.322|10.528| 12.630|10.617|13.372| 5.459| 17.972| 17.972| 7.50| 7.75| 8.1|IMAG.| 97.22| 115.01| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.60
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 170.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00
[m]

199

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.521
3.307
3.124
3.041
2.965
2.893
2.826
2.762
2.703
2.647
2.594
2.544
2.496 11.017 13.026
================================================================================================================================
105
1.36
1.45
1.54
1.58
1.62
1.66
1.70
1.74
1.77
1.81
1.85
1.89
1.92
2.04
2.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
1.50
1.59
1.69
1.73
1.78
1.82
1.86
1.91
1.95
1.99
2.03
2.07
2.11
2.24
2.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
1.63
1.74
1.84
1.89
1.94
1.99
2.04
2.08
2.13
2.17
2.22
2.26
2.31
2.45
2.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
1.78
1.89
2.01
2.06
2.11
2.17
2.22
2.27
2.32
2.37
2.42
2.46
2.51
2.67
2.80
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
1.93
2.06
2.18
2.24
2.29
2.35
2.41
2.46
2.52
2.57
2.62
2.67
2.72
2.89
3.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
2.09
2.22
2.35
2.42
2.48
2.54
2.60
2.66
2.72
2.78
2.83
2.89
2.95
3.13
3.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
2.25
2.40
2.54
2.61
2.67
2.74
2.81
2.87
2.93
3.00
3.06
3.12
3.18
3.38
3.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
2.42
2.58
2.73
2.80
2.88
2.95
3.02
3.09
3.16
3.22
3.29
3.35
3.42
3.63
3.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
2.60
2.77
2.93
3.01
3.09
3.16
3.24
3.31
3.38
3.46
3.53
3.60
3.66
3.89
4.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
2.78
2.96
3.13
3.22
3.30
3.38
3.46
3.54
3.62
3.70
3.77
3.85
3.92
4.17
4.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
2.97
3.16
3.35
3.44
3.53
3.61
3.70
3.78
3.87
3.95
4.03
4.11
4.19
4.45
4.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
3.16
3.37
3.57
3.66
3.76
3.85
3.94
4.03
4.12
4.21
4.29
4.38
4.46
4.74
4.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
3.36
3.58
3.79
3.90
4.00
4.09
4.19
4.29
4.38
4.48
4.57
4.66
4.75
5.04
5.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
3.57
3.80
4.03
4.13
4.24
4.35
4.45
4.55
4.65
4.75
4.85
4.94
5.04
5.35
5.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
3.78
4.03
4.27
4.38
4.49
4.61
4.72
4.82
4.93
5.03
5.14
5.24
5.34
5.67
5.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
4.00
4.26
4.51
4.64
4.76
4.87
4.99
5.10
5.22
5.33
5.43
5.54
5.65
6.00
6.30
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
4.23
4.50
4.77
4.90
5.02
5.15
5.27
5.39
5.51
5.63
5.74
5.85
5.97
6.34
6.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
4.46
4.75
5.03
5.16
5.30
5.43
5.56
5.69
5.81
5.93
6.06
6.17
6.29
6.69
7.02
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.10 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 170.00

200

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.049
2.900
2.768
2.709
2.652
2.599
2.549
2.501
2.456
2.413
2.372
2.332
2.295 10.329 12.293
================================================================================================================================
105
1.57
1.65
1.73
1.77
1.81
1.85
1.88
1.92
1.95
1.99
2.02
2.06
2.09
2.18
2.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
1.73
1.82
1.90
1.94
1.99
2.03
2.07
2.11
2.14
2.18
2.22
2.26
2.29
2.39
2.49
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
1.89
1.98
2.08
2.12
2.17
2.21
2.26
2.30
2.34
2.39
2.43
2.47
2.51
2.61
2.72
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
2.06
2.16
2.26
2.31
2.36
2.41
2.46
2.51
2.55
2.60
2.64
2.69
2.73
2.84
2.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
2.23
2.34
2.46
2.51
2.56
2.62
2.67
2.72
2.77
2.82
2.87
2.91
2.96
3.09
3.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
2.41
2.54
2.66
2.71
2.77
2.83
2.89
2.94
2.99
3.05
3.10
3.15
3.20
3.34
3.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
2.60
2.73
2.86
2.93
2.99
3.05
3.11
3.17
3.23
3.29
3.34
3.40
3.46
3.60
3.75
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
2.80
2.94
3.08
3.15
3.22
3.28
3.35
3.41
3.47
3.53
3.60
3.66
3.72
3.87
4.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
3.00
3.16
3.30
3.38
3.45
3.52
3.59
3.66
3.73
3.79
3.86
3.92
3.99
4.15
4.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
3.21
3.38
3.54
3.61
3.69
3.77
3.84
3.91
3.99
4.06
4.13
4.20
4.27
4.45
4.64
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
3.43
3.61
3.78
3.86
3.94
4.02
4.10
4.18
4.26
4.33
4.41
4.48
4.55
4.75
4.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
3.65
3.84
4.02
4.11
4.20
4.29
4.37
4.45
4.54
4.62
4.70
4.78
4.85
5.06
5.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
3.89
4.09
4.28
4.37
4.47
4.56
4.65
4.74
4.82
4.91
5.00
5.08
5.16
5.38
5.61
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
4.12
4.34
4.54
4.64
4.74
4.84
4.93
5.03
5.12
5.21
5.30
5.39
5.48
5.71
5.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
4.37
4.60
4.81
4.92
5.02
5.13
5.23
5.33
5.43
5.52
5.62
5.71
5.81
6.05
6.31
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
4.62
4.86
5.09
5.20
5.32
5.42
5.53
5.64
5.74
5.84
5.94
6.04
6.14
6.40
6.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
4.88
5.14
5.38
5.50
5.61
5.73
5.84
5.95
6.06
6.17
6.28
6.38
6.49
6.76
7.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
5.15
5.42
5.67
5.80
5.92
6.04
6.16
6.28
6.40
6.51
6.62
6.73
6.84
7.13
7.44
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.41 daN/mm2

AL/OL-70/12

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
81.30
:
11.70
:
0.2830
: 7477.1
:
0.000019
: 2601.80
:
30.00
: 150.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.2830
0.003481
0.3113
0.003829
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.7469
0.021487
3.1444
0.038676
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.0299
0.024968
3.4557
0.042505
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.9140
0.011242
1.1882
0.014615
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.5540
0.019115
2.0202
0.024849
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.9568
0.011769
1.2283
0.015108
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.5564
0.031445
4.0029
0.049236
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.2989
0.003676
0.3885
0.004779
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.0518
0.025237
3.4775
0.042773
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

201

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

202

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.615| 5.449| 2.434| 9.899| 10.588| 9.927|13.377| 5.472| 20.356| 12.479| 0.16| 0.28| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.528| 5.432| 2.628|10.714| 11.643|10.753|13.377| 5.472| 20.346| 14.092| 0.26| 0.47| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |11.417| 5.412| 2.810|11.525| 12.669|11.573|13.377| 5.472| 20.332| 15.614| 0.39| 0.68| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 |11.283| 5.390| 2.979|12.313| 13.652|12.370|13.377| 5.471| 20.316| 17.052| 0.53| 0.91| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 |11.127| 5.365| 3.133|13.072| 14.592|13.137|13.376| 5.471| 20.296| 18.415| 0.68| 1.17| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 |10.950| 5.340| 3.273|13.800| 15.490|13.872|13.376| 5.470| 20.274| 19.712| 0.85| 1.45| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 9.166| 4.245| 2.846|13.704| 15.592|13.785|13.376| 5.470| 20.248| 20.248| 1.24| 1.84| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 100 | 6.203| 3.043| 2.347|13.087| 15.156|13.176|13.376| 5.469| 20.220| 20.220| 1.85| 2.38| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 4.039| 2.470| 2.079|12.590| 14.795|12.685|13.375| 5.468| 20.188| 20.188| 2.53| 3.00| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 2.978| 2.167| 1.917|12.192| 14.493|12.291|13.375| 5.468| 20.153| 20.153| 3.27| 3.69| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 2.473| 1.985| 1.809|11.869| 14.241|11.971|13.375| 5.467| 20.115| 20.115| 4.06| 4.44| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 2.193| 1.864| 1.733|11.605| 14.026|11.708|13.374| 5.466| 20.074| 20.074| 4.92| 5.27| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 2.017| 1.777| 1.675|11.385| 13.842|11.490|13.374| 5.465| 20.029| 20.029| 5.84| 6.17| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 150.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

203

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.017
1.956
1.900
1.873
1.848
1.824
1.800
1.777
1.756
1.734
1.714
1.694
1.675 11.385 13.842
================================================================================================================================
10
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.25
0.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.34
0.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.37
0.38
0.38
0.39
0.39
0.40
0.40
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.44
0.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.56
0.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.54
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.60
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.69
0.71
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.65
0.67
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.83
0.86
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.99
1.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.91
0.94
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.10
1.16
1.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.06
1.09
1.12
1.14
1.15
1.17
1.18
1.20
1.21
1.23
1.24
1.26
1.27
1.34
1.39
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.21
1.25
1.29
1.31
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.38
1.39
1.41
1.43
1.44
1.46
1.54
1.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.38
1.42
1.47
1.49
1.51
1.53
1.55
1.57
1.59
1.61
1.62
1.64
1.66
1.75
1.82
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.49 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

204
CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 150.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.882
1.831
1.785
1.763
1.741
1.721
1.701
1.682
1.663
1.645
1.627
1.610
1.594 10.939 13.344
================================================================================================================================
10
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.35
0.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.39
0.40
0.40
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.52
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.54
0.55
0.55
0.58
0.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.58
0.59
0.61
0.62
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.68
0.71
0.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.70
0.72
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.86
0.89
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.83
0.86
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
1.03
1.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.98
1.00
1.03
1.04
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.21
1.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.13
1.16
1.19
1.21
1.22
1.24
1.25
1.27
1.28
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.34
1.40
1.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.30
1.34
1.37
1.39
1.41
1.42
1.44
1.46
1.47
1.49
1.50
1.52
1.54
1.60
1.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.48
1.52
1.56
1.58
1.60
1.62
1.64
1.66
1.67
1.69
1.71
1.73
1.75
1.83
1.89
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.04 daN/mm2

AL/OL-70/12

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
81.30
:
11.70
:
0.2830
: 7477.1
:
0.000019
: 2601.80
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.2830
0.003481
0.3113
0.003829
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.7469
0.021487
3.1444
0.038676
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.0299
0.024968
3.4557
0.042505
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.9140
0.011242
1.1882
0.014615
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.5540
0.019115
2.0202
0.024849
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.9568
0.011769
1.2283
0.015108
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.5564
0.031445
4.0029
0.049236
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.2989
0.003676
0.3885
0.004779
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.0518
0.025237
3.4775
0.042773
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

205

206
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 6.203| 3.043| 2.347|13.087| 15.156|13.176|13.376| 5.469| 20.220| 20.220| 1.85| 2.38| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 4.039| 2.470| 2.079|12.590| 14.795|12.685|13.375| 5.468| 20.188| 20.188| 2.53| 3.00| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 2.978| 2.167| 1.917|12.192| 14.493|12.291|13.375| 5.468| 20.153| 20.153| 3.27| 3.69| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 2.473| 1.985| 1.809|11.869| 14.241|11.971|13.375| 5.467| 20.115| 20.115| 4.06| 4.44| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 2.193| 1.864| 1.733|11.605| 14.026|11.708|13.374| 5.466| 20.074| 20.074| 4.92| 5.27| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 2.017| 1.777| 1.675|11.385| 13.842|11.490|13.374| 5.465| 20.029| 20.029| 5.84| 6.17| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 1.897| 1.713| 1.631|11.199| 13.682|11.305|13.374| 5.464| 19.981| 19.981| 6.83| 7.13| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 1.809| 1.663| 1.595|11.039| 13.540|11.145|13.373| 5.463| 19.930| 19.930| 7.88| 8.17| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 1.741| 1.622| 1.566|10.900| 13.413|11.006|13.373| 5.462| 19.876| 19.876| 9.00| 9.28| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 1.688| 1.589| 1.541|10.776| 13.296|10.882|13.372| 5.460| 19.818| 19.818|10.19|10.46| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 1.645| 1.561| 1.519|10.664| 13.189|10.771|13.372| 5.459| 19.756| 19.756|11.46|11.71| 12.9|IMAG.| 76.37| 85.24| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

207

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.741
1.713
1.685
1.672
1.659
1.647
1.634
1.622
1.611
1.599
1.588
1.577
1.566 10.900 13.413
================================================================================================================================
100
2.50
2.54
2.58
2.60
2.62
2.64
2.66
2.68
2.70
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.78
2.86
2.93
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
2.75
2.80
2.85
2.87
2.89
2.91
2.94
2.96
2.98
3.00
3.02
3.04
3.06
3.16
3.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.02
3.07
3.12
3.15
3.17
3.20
3.22
3.25
3.27
3.29
3.32
3.34
3.36
3.46
3.55
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.30
3.36
3.41
3.44
3.47
3.49
3.52
3.55
3.57
3.60
3.62
3.65
3.68
3.79
3.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.60
3.66
3.72
3.75
3.78
3.80
3.83
3.86
3.89
3.92
3.95
3.97
4.00
4.12
4.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
3.90
3.97
4.03
4.07
4.10
4.13
4.16
4.19
4.22
4.25
4.28
4.31
4.34
4.47
4.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.22
4.29
4.36
4.40
4.43
4.47
4.50
4.53
4.57
4.60
4.63
4.66
4.70
4.84
4.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.55
4.63
4.71
4.74
4.78
4.82
4.85
4.89
4.92
4.96
4.99
5.03
5.06
5.22
5.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
4.90
4.98
5.06
5.10
5.14
5.18
5.22
5.26
5.30
5.33
5.37
5.41
5.45
5.61
5.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
5.25
5.34
5.43
5.47
5.51
5.56
5.60
5.64
5.68
5.72
5.76
5.80
5.84
6.02
6.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
5.62
5.72
5.81
5.85
5.90
5.95
5.99
6.03
6.08
6.12
6.17
6.21
6.25
6.44
6.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
6.00
6.10
6.20
6.25
6.30
6.35
6.40
6.44
6.49
6.54
6.58
6.63
6.68
6.88
7.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
6.40
6.50
6.61
6.66
6.71
6.76
6.82
6.87
6.92
6.97
7.02
7.07
7.11
7.33
7.50
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
6.80
6.92
7.03
7.08
7.14
7.19
7.25
7.30
7.36
7.41
7.46
7.51
7.57
7.80
7.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
7.22
7.34
7.46
7.52
7.58
7.64
7.69
7.75
7.81
7.86
7.92
7.98
8.03
8.28
8.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
7.65
7.78
7.91
7.97
8.03
8.09
8.15
8.21
8.27
8.33
8.39
8.45
8.51
8.77
8.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
8.10
8.23
8.36
8.43
8.50
8.56
8.63
8.69
8.75
8.82
8.88
8.94
9.00
9.28
9.49
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.01 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

208

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.677
1.651
1.627
1.615
1.603
1.592
1.581
1.570
1.559
1.549
1.538
1.528
1.518 10.611 13.078
================================================================================================================================
100
2.59
2.63
2.67
2.69
2.71
2.73
2.75
2.77
2.79
2.81
2.83
2.85
2.87
2.94
3.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
2.86
2.90
2.95
2.97
2.99
3.01
3.03
3.06
3.08
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.24
3.31
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.14
3.19
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.31
3.33
3.35
3.38
3.40
3.42
3.45
3.47
3.56
3.64
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.43
3.48
3.54
3.56
3.59
3.61
3.64
3.67
3.69
3.72
3.74
3.77
3.79
3.89
3.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.74
3.79
3.85
3.88
3.91
3.94
3.96
3.99
4.02
4.05
4.07
4.10
4.13
4.24
4.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.05
4.12
4.18
4.21
4.24
4.27
4.30
4.33
4.36
4.39
4.42
4.45
4.48
4.60
4.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.38
4.45
4.52
4.55
4.59
4.62
4.65
4.68
4.72
4.75
4.78
4.81
4.84
4.97
5.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.73
4.80
4.87
4.91
4.95
4.98
5.02
5.05
5.09
5.12
5.15
5.19
5.22
5.36
5.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
5.08
5.16
5.24
5.28
5.32
5.36
5.39
5.43
5.47
5.51
5.54
5.58
5.62
5.77
5.89
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
5.45
5.54
5.62
5.66
5.71
5.75
5.79
5.83
5.87
5.91
5.95
5.99
6.03
6.18
6.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
5.84
5.93
6.02
6.06
6.11
6.15
6.19
6.24
6.28
6.32
6.36
6.41
6.45
6.62
6.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
6.23
6.33
6.43
6.47
6.52
6.57
6.61
6.66
6.70
6.75
6.80
6.84
6.88
7.07
7.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
6.64
6.74
6.85
6.90
6.95
7.00
7.05
7.10
7.14
7.19
7.24
7.29
7.34
7.53
7.69
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
7.06
7.17
7.28
7.34
7.39
7.44
7.49
7.55
7.60
7.65
7.70
7.75
7.80
8.01
8.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
7.50
7.61
7.73
7.79
7.84
7.90
7.95
8.01
8.07
8.12
8.17
8.23
8.28
8.50
8.69
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
7.95
8.07
8.19
8.25
8.31
8.37
8.43
8.49
8.55
8.60
8.66
8.72
8.78
9.01
9.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
8.41
8.54
8.67
8.73
8.79
8.86
8.92
8.98
9.04
9.10
9.16
9.22
9.28
9.53
9.74
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.72 daN/mm2

AL/OL-70/12

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
81.30
:
11.70
:
0.2830
: 7477.1
:
0.000019
: 2601.80
:
30.00
: 150.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.2830
0.003481
0.3113
0.003829
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.7469
0.021487
3.1444
0.038676
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.0299
0.024968
3.4557
0.042505
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.1969
0.014722
1.5560
0.019139
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.7612
0.021663
2.2896
0.028162
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.2299
0.015128
1.5868
0.019518
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.6874
0.033056
4.1454
0.050989
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3387
0.004166
0.4403
0.005416
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.0579
0.025313
3.4836
0.042849
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

209

210

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.615| 5.449| 2.434| 9.899| 10.761| 9.935|13.377| 5.472| 20.355| 12.662| 0.16| 0.28| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.528| 5.432| 2.628|10.714| 11.872|10.764|13.377| 5.472| 20.344| 14.324| 0.26| 0.47| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |11.417| 5.412| 2.810|11.525| 12.947|11.587|13.377| 5.472| 20.330| 15.890| 0.39| 0.68| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 |11.283| 5.390| 2.979|12.313| 13.976|12.386|13.377| 5.471| 20.312| 17.368| 0.53| 0.91| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 |11.127| 5.365| 3.133|13.072| 14.958|13.155|13.376| 5.471| 20.291| 18.769| 0.68| 1.17| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 |10.950| 5.340| 3.273|13.800| 15.896|13.893|13.376| 5.470| 20.267| 20.102| 0.85| 1.45| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 8.158| 3.690| 2.576|13.222| 15.581|13.327|13.376| 5.470| 20.240| 20.240| 1.37| 1.91| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 100 | 5.230| 2.715| 2.166|12.603| 15.170|12.718|13.376| 5.469| 20.209| 20.209| 2.01| 2.48| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 3.437| 2.260| 1.943|12.113| 14.829|12.234|13.375| 5.468| 20.175| 20.175| 2.71| 3.12| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 2.641| 2.013| 1.805|11.723| 14.545|11.849|13.375| 5.468| 20.137| 20.137| 3.47| 3.83| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 2.252| 1.860| 1.712|11.411| 14.307|11.539|13.375| 5.467| 20.096| 20.096| 4.30| 4.62| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 2.028| 1.757| 1.645|11.156| 14.105|11.286|13.374| 5.466| 20.052| 20.052| 5.18| 5.48| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 1.883| 1.683| 1.595|10.944| 13.931|11.076|13.374| 5.465| 20.004| 20.004| 6.14| 6.42| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 150.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

211

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.883
1.833
1.786
1.764
1.742
1.722
1.702
1.683
1.664
1.646
1.628
1.611
1.595 10.944 13.931
================================================================================================================================
15
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.35
0.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.39
0.40
0.40
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.52
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.54
0.55
0.55
0.58
0.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.58
0.59
0.61
0.62
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.68
0.71
0.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.70
0.72
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.86
0.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.83
0.85
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
1.03
1.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.98
1.00
1.03
1.04
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.20
1.25
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.13
1.16
1.19
1.21
1.22
1.24
1.25
1.27
1.28
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.34
1.40
1.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.30
1.34
1.37
1.39
1.40
1.42
1.44
1.45
1.47
1.49
1.50
1.52
1.53
1.60
1.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.48
1.52
1.56
1.58
1.60
1.62
1.64
1.66
1.67
1.69
1.71
1.73
1.75
1.83
1.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.67
1.72
1.76
1.78
1.80
1.83
1.85
1.87
1.89
1.91
1.93
1.95
1.97
2.06
2.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.87
1.92
1.97
2.00
2.02
2.05
2.07
2.09
2.12
2.14
2.16
2.19
2.21
2.31
2.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
2.09
2.14
2.20
2.23
2.25
2.28
2.31
2.33
2.36
2.39
2.41
2.44
2.46
2.57
2.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
2.31
2.37
2.44
2.47
2.50
2.53
2.56
2.59
2.61
2.64
2.67
2.70
2.73
2.85
2.97
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
11.08 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 150.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

212
TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]
(Zona meteorologica

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.771
1.729
1.689
1.670
1.652
1.634
1.617
1.601
1.584
1.569
1.554
1.539
1.524 10.543 13.466
================================================================================================================================
15
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.36
0.38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.49
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.50
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.53
0.54
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.56
0.57
0.57
0.58
0.60
0.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.61
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.71
0.74
0.77
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.86
0.90
0.93
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.88
0.91
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.07
1.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.04
1.06
1.09
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.21
1.25
1.30
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.28
1.29
1.30
1.32
1.33
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.39
1.40
1.45
1.50
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.38
1.42
1.45
1.47
1.48
1.50
1.51
1.53
1.54
1.56
1.58
1.59
1.61
1.67
1.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.57
1.61
1.65
1.67
1.69
1.70
1.72
1.74
1.76
1.78
1.79
1.81
1.83
1.89
1.96
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.77
1.82
1.86
1.88
1.90
1.92
1.94
1.96
1.98
2.00
2.02
2.04
2.06
2.14
2.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.99
2.04
2.09
2.11
2.13
2.16
2.18
2.20
2.22
2.25
2.27
2.29
2.31
2.40
2.49
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
2.22
2.27
2.32
2.35
2.38
2.40
2.43
2.45
2.48
2.50
2.53
2.55
2.58
2.67
2.77
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
2.46
2.52
2.58
2.60
2.63
2.66
2.69
2.72
2.75
2.77
2.80
2.83
2.85
2.96
3.07
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.67 daN/mm2

AL/OL-70/12

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
:
81.30
:
11.70
:
0.2830
: 7477.1
:
0.000019
: 2601.80
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.2830
0.003481
0.3113
0.003829
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.7469
0.021487
3.1444
0.038676
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.0299
0.024968
3.4557
0.042505
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.1969
0.014722
1.5560
0.019139
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.7612
0.021663
2.2896
0.028162
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.2299
0.015128
1.5868
0.019518
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.6874
0.033056
4.1454
0.050989
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3387
0.004166
0.4403
0.005416
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.0579
0.025313
3.4836
0.042849
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

213

214

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 5.230| 2.715| 2.166|12.603| 15.170|12.718|13.376| 5.469| 20.209| 20.209| 2.01| 2.48| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 3.437| 2.260| 1.943|12.113| 14.829|12.234|13.375| 5.468| 20.175| 20.175| 2.71| 3.12| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 2.641| 2.013| 1.805|11.723| 14.545|11.849|13.375| 5.468| 20.137| 20.137| 3.47| 3.83| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 2.252| 1.860| 1.712|11.411| 14.307|11.539|13.375| 5.467| 20.096| 20.096| 4.30| 4.62| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 2.028| 1.757| 1.645|11.156| 14.105|11.286|13.374| 5.466| 20.052| 20.052| 5.18| 5.48| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 1.883| 1.683| 1.595|10.944| 13.931|11.076|13.374| 5.465| 20.004| 20.004| 6.14| 6.42| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 1.782| 1.626| 1.555|10.766| 13.778|10.898|13.374| 5.464| 19.953| 19.953| 7.16| 7.42| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 1.707| 1.582| 1.523|10.612| 13.641|10.745|13.373| 5.463| 19.898| 19.898| 8.25| 8.50| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 1.648| 1.546| 1.497|10.478| 13.518|10.610|13.373| 5.462| 19.839| 19.839| 9.42| 9.65| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 1.602| 1.516| 1.474|10.358| 13.405|10.491|13.372| 5.460| 19.776| 19.776|10.66|10.88| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 1.563| 1.491| 1.454|10.250| 13.299|10.383|13.372| 5.459| 19.710| 19.710|11.97|12.18| 13.3|IMAG.| 73.71| 82.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

215

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.648
1.624
1.601
1.589
1.578
1.567
1.557
1.546
1.536
1.526
1.516
1.506
1.497 10.478 13.518
================================================================================================================================
100
2.64
2.68
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.78
2.80
2.81
2.83
2.85
2.87
2.89
2.91
2.98
3.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
2.91
2.95
3.00
3.02
3.04
3.06
3.08
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.18
3.20
3.28
3.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.19
3.24
3.29
3.31
3.34
3.36
3.38
3.41
3.43
3.45
3.47
3.50
3.52
3.60
3.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.49
3.54
3.60
3.62
3.65
3.67
3.70
3.72
3.75
3.77
3.80
3.82
3.84
3.94
4.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.80
3.86
3.91
3.94
3.97
4.00
4.03
4.05
4.08
4.11
4.13
4.16
4.19
4.29
4.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.12
4.19
4.25
4.28
4.31
4.34
4.37
4.40
4.43
4.46
4.48
4.51
4.54
4.65
4.78
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.46
4.53
4.59
4.63
4.66
4.69
4.72
4.76
4.79
4.82
4.85
4.88
4.91
5.03
5.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.81
4.88
4.95
4.99
5.03
5.06
5.09
5.13
5.16
5.20
5.23
5.26
5.30
5.43
5.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
5.17
5.25
5.33
5.37
5.40
5.44
5.48
5.52
5.55
5.59
5.63
5.66
5.70
5.84
5.99
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
5.55
5.63
5.72
5.76
5.80
5.84
5.88
5.92
5.96
6.00
6.03
6.07
6.11
6.26
6.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
5.94
6.03
6.12
6.16
6.20
6.25
6.29
6.33
6.37
6.42
6.46
6.50
6.54
6.70
6.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
6.34
6.44
6.53
6.58
6.62
6.67
6.72
6.76
6.81
6.85
6.90
6.94
6.98
7.16
7.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
6.76
6.86
6.96
7.01
7.06
7.11
7.16
7.20
7.25
7.30
7.35
7.39
7.44
7.63
7.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
7.19
7.29
7.40
7.45
7.51
7.56
7.61
7.66
7.71
7.76
7.81
7.86
7.91
8.11
8.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
7.63
7.74
7.86
7.91
7.97
8.02
8.08
8.13
8.19
8.24
8.29
8.35
8.40
8.61
8.83
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
8.08
8.21
8.33
8.38
8.44
8.50
8.56
8.62
8.68
8.73
8.79
8.85
8.90
9.12
9.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
8.55
8.68
8.81
8.87
8.93
9.00
9.06
9.12
9.18
9.24
9.30
9.36
9.42
9.65
9.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
9.03
9.17
9.30
9.37
9.44
9.50
9.57
9.63
9.70
9.76
9.82
9.89
9.95
10.19
10.46
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.61 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-70/12

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

216
TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]
(Zona meteorologica

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.594
1.571
1.550
1.540
1.530
1.520
1.510
1.500
1.491
1.482
1.473
1.464
1.455 10.218 13.205
================================================================================================================================
100
2.73
2.77
2.81
2.83
2.84
2.86
2.88
2.90
2.92
2.94
2.95
2.97
2.99
3.05
3.13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------105
3.01
3.05
3.09
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.18
3.20
3.22
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.30
3.37
3.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.30
3.35
3.40
3.42
3.44
3.46
3.49
3.51
3.53
3.55
3.57
3.60
3.62
3.70
3.79
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.61
3.66
3.71
3.74
3.76
3.79
3.81
3.84
3.86
3.88
3.91
3.93
3.95
4.04
4.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.93
3.99
4.04
4.07
4.10
4.12
4.15
4.18
4.20
4.23
4.25
4.28
4.31
4.40
4.51
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.27
4.33
4.39
4.42
4.44
4.47
4.50
4.53
4.56
4.59
4.62
4.64
4.67
4.77
4.89
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.61
4.68
4.74
4.78
4.81
4.84
4.87
4.90
4.93
4.96
4.99
5.02
5.05
5.16
5.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.98
5.05
5.12
5.15
5.18
5.22
5.25
5.29
5.32
5.35
5.38
5.42
5.45
5.57
5.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
5.35
5.43
5.50
5.54
5.58
5.61
5.65
5.68
5.72
5.76
5.79
5.83
5.86
5.99
6.13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
5.74
5.82
5.90
5.94
5.98
6.02
6.06
6.10
6.14
6.17
6.21
6.25
6.29
6.42
6.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
6.14
6.23
6.32
6.36
6.40
6.44
6.48
6.52
6.57
6.61
6.65
6.69
6.73
6.87
7.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
6.56
6.65
6.74
6.79
6.83
6.88
6.92
6.97
7.01
7.05
7.10
7.14
7.18
7.34
7.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
6.99
7.09
7.19
7.23
7.28
7.33
7.38
7.42
7.47
7.52
7.56
7.61
7.65
7.82
8.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
7.43
7.54
7.64
7.69
7.74
7.79
7.85
7.90
7.94
7.99
8.04
8.09
8.14
8.32
8.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
7.89
8.00
8.11
8.17
8.22
8.27
8.33
8.38
8.43
8.49
8.54
8.59
8.64
8.83
9.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
8.36
8.48
8.60
8.65
8.71
8.77
8.82
8.88
8.94
8.99
9.05
9.10
9.16
9.35
9.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
8.85
8.97
9.09
9.16
9.22
9.28
9.34
9.40
9.45
9.51
9.57
9.63
9.69
9.90
10.14
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.35 daN/mm2

AL/OL-95/15

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 105.00
:
13.40
:
0.3660
: 7514.3
:
0.000019
: 3342.00
:
30.00
: 100.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.3660
0.003486
0.4026
0.003834
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.1084
0.010556
1.9950
0.019000
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.4744
0.014041
2.3976
0.022835
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.7477
0.007121
0.9720
0.009257
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.0133
0.009651
1.3173
0.012546
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.8325
0.007928
1.0521
0.010020
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 1.7890
0.017038
2.7357
0.026054
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.1949
0.001856
0.2533
0.002413
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.4872
0.014164
2.4110
0.022962
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

217

218
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 | 8.879| 2.961| 1.257| 6.622| 7.016| 6.638|13.304| 3.023| 20.255| 8.200| 0.31| 0.24| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 | 8.565| 2.927| 1.487| 7.011| 7.551| 7.033|13.304| 3.023| 20.252| 9.104| 0.47| 0.40| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 | 8.170| 2.896| 1.674| 7.380| 8.052| 7.408|13.304| 3.022| 20.248| 9.933| 0.65| 0.59| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 7.703| 2.870| 1.827| 7.720| 8.510| 7.753|13.304| 3.022| 20.244| 10.688| 0.86| 0.82| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 7.176| 2.848| 1.953| 8.027| 8.925| 8.065|13.304| 3.021| 20.238| 11.378| 1.09| 1.07| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 6.612| 2.830| 2.058| 8.304| 9.300| 8.346|13.303| 3.020| 20.232| 12.008| 1.36| 1.35| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 6.038| 2.815| 2.145| 8.551| 9.638| 8.596|13.303| 3.019| 20.225| 12.584| 1.65| 1.66| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 100 | 5.490| 2.803| 2.218| 8.771| 9.942| 8.820|13.303| 3.018| 20.217| 13.111| 1.96| 2.00| 6.8|IMAG.| 145.66|1002.19| IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.10
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

219

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
6.612
5.475
4.482
4.055
3.678
3.350
3.070
2.830
2.625
2.451
2.301
2.171
2.058
8.304
9.300
================================================================================================================================
15
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.06
0.07
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.13
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.19
0.20
0.22
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.26
0.28
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.11
0.13
0.16
0.17
0.19
0.21
0.23
0.25
0.27
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.34
0.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.13
0.16
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.29
0.31
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.41
0.43
0.43
0.46
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.16
0.20
0.24
0.27
0.30
0.33
0.35
0.38
0.41
0.44
0.47
0.50
0.53
0.53
0.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.20
0.24
0.29
0.33
0.36
0.39
0.43
0.47
0.50
0.54
0.57
0.61
0.64
0.64
0.69
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.24
0.29
0.35
0.39
0.43
0.47
0.51
0.55
0.60
0.64
0.68
0.72
0.76
0.76
0.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.28
0.34
0.41
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.89
0.89
0.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.32
0.39
0.48
0.53
0.58
0.64
0.70
0.75
0.81
0.87
0.93
0.98
1.04
1.04
1.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.37
0.45
0.55
0.60
0.67
0.73
0.80
0.87
0.93
1.00
1.07
1.13
1.19
1.19
1.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.42
0.51
0.62
0.69
0.76
0.83
0.91
0.99
1.06
1.14
1.21
1.28
1.36
1.35
1.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.48
0.58
0.70
0.78
0.86
0.94
1.03
1.11
1.20
1.28
1.37
1.45
1.53
1.53
1.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
0.53
0.64
0.79
0.87
0.96
1.05
1.15
1.25
1.34
1.44
1.53
1.63
1.72
1.71
1.85
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
0.59
0.72
0.88
0.97
1.07
1.17
1.28
1.39
1.50
1.60
1.71
1.81
1.91
1.91
2.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
0.66
0.80
0.97
1.07
1.18
1.30
1.42
1.54
1.66
1.78
1.89
2.01
2.12
2.11
2.29
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.35 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

80.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

220
TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]
(Zona meteorologica

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.766
3.135
2.673
2.491
2.336
2.201
2.084
1.982
1.892
1.811
1.740
1.675
1.617
6.890
7.897
================================================================================================================================
15
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.10
0.11
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.07
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.16
0.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.10
0.13
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.23
0.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.14
0.17
0.20
0.21
0.23
0.24
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.31
0.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.19
0.22
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.37
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.43
0.41
0.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.23
0.28
0.33
0.35
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.52
0.55
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.29
0.35
0.41
0.44
0.47
0.49
0.52
0.55
0.58
0.60
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.64
0.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.35
0.42
0.49
0.53
0.56
0.60
0.63
0.67
0.70
0.73
0.76
0.79
0.82
0.77
0.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.42
0.50
0.59
0.63
0.67
0.71
0.75
0.79
0.83
0.87
0.90
0.94
0.97
0.92
0.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.49
0.59
0.69
0.74
0.79
0.84
0.88
0.93
0.97
1.02
1.06
1.10
1.14
1.08
1.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.57
0.68
0.80
0.86
0.91
0.97
1.02
1.08
1.13
1.18
1.23
1.27
1.32
1.25
1.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.65
0.78
0.92
0.98
1.05
1.11
1.18
1.24
1.30
1.35
1.41
1.46
1.52
1.43
1.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.74
0.89
1.04
1.12
1.19
1.27
1.34
1.41
1.47
1.54
1.60
1.66
1.72
1.63
1.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.84
1.00
1.18
1.26
1.35
1.43
1.51
1.59
1.66
1.74
1.81
1.88
1.95
1.84
1.95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
0.94
1.13
1.32
1.42
1.51
1.60
1.69
1.78
1.87
1.95
2.03
2.11
2.18
2.06
2.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.04
1.25
1.47
1.58
1.68
1.79
1.89
1.98
2.08
2.17
2.26
2.35
2.43
2.30
2.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.16
1.39
1.63
1.75
1.87
1.98
2.09
2.20
2.30
2.41
2.50
2.60
2.69
2.55
2.70
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.93 daN/mm2

AL/OL-95/15

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 105.00
:
13.40
:
0.3660
: 7514.3
:
0.000019
: 3342.00
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.3660
0.003486
0.4026
0.003834
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.1084
0.010556
1.9950
0.019000
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.4744
0.014041
2.3976
0.022835
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.7477
0.007121
0.9720
0.009257
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.0133
0.009651
1.3173
0.012546
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 0.8325
0.007928
1.0521
0.010020
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 1.7890
0.017038
2.7357
0.026054
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.1949
0.001856
0.2533
0.002413
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.4872
0.014164
2.4110
0.022962
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

221

222

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 9.589| 4.661| 3.183|10.895| 12.003|10.941|13.303| 5.439| 15.062| 15.062| 1.37| 1.61| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 7.913| 3.915| 2.901|10.488| 11.713|10.539|13.303| 5.439| 15.050| 15.050| 1.82| 2.02| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 6.344| 3.415| 2.708|10.143| 11.463|10.198|13.302| 5.438| 15.037| 15.037| 2.32| 2.49| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 5.080| 3.084| 2.571| 9.853| 11.248| 9.912|13.302| 5.437| 15.023| 15.023| 2.86| 3.01| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 4.207| 2.858| 2.470| 9.611| 11.064| 9.672|13.302| 5.436| 15.008| 15.008| 3.46| 3.58| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 3.643| 2.697| 2.393| 9.407| 10.906| 9.470|13.301| 5.435| 14.991| 14.991| 4.10| 4.20| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 3.274| 2.578| 2.333| 9.235| 10.769| 9.299|13.301| 5.434| 14.973| 14.973| 4.78| 4.87| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 3.021| 2.487| 2.285| 9.088| 10.650| 9.154|13.300| 5.433| 14.955| 14.955| 5.51| 5.58| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 2.839| 2.415| 2.245| 8.962| 10.545| 9.028|13.300| 5.432| 14.934| 14.934| 6.29| 6.35| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 2.702| 2.357| 2.212| 8.852| 10.452| 8.919|13.299| 5.430| 14.913| 14.913| 7.11| 7.16| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 2.597| 2.309| 2.184| 8.756| 10.368| 8.823|13.299| 5.429| 14.891| 14.891| 7.98| 8.02| 6.8|IMAG.| 76.54| 94.33| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.50
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

223

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.597
2.524
2.457
2.425
2.394
2.365
2.336
2.309
2.282
2.257
2.232
2.207
2.184
8.756 10.368
================================================================================================================================
105
1.85
1.90
1.96
1.98
2.01
2.03
2.06
2.08
2.10
2.13
2.15
2.18
2.20
2.21
2.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.03
2.09
2.15
2.17
2.20
2.23
2.26
2.28
2.31
2.34
2.36
2.39
2.41
2.43
2.49
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
2.22
2.28
2.35
2.38
2.41
2.44
2.47
2.50
2.52
2.55
2.58
2.61
2.64
2.65
2.72
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
2.42
2.49
2.55
2.59
2.62
2.65
2.69
2.72
2.75
2.78
2.81
2.84
2.87
2.89
2.96
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
2.62
2.70
2.77
2.81
2.84
2.88
2.91
2.95
2.98
3.02
3.05
3.08
3.12
3.13
3.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
2.84
2.92
3.00
3.04
3.08
3.11
3.15
3.19
3.23
3.26
3.30
3.34
3.37
3.39
3.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
3.06
3.15
3.23
3.27
3.32
3.36
3.40
3.44
3.48
3.52
3.56
3.60
3.64
3.65
3.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
3.29
3.38
3.48
3.52
3.57
3.61
3.66
3.70
3.74
3.78
3.83
3.87
3.91
3.93
4.03
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
3.53
3.63
3.73
3.78
3.83
3.87
3.92
3.97
4.01
4.06
4.11
4.15
4.19
4.21
4.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
3.78
3.88
3.99
4.04
4.09
4.15
4.20
4.25
4.30
4.34
4.39
4.44
4.49
4.51
4.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
4.03
4.15
4.26
4.32
4.37
4.43
4.48
4.53
4.59
4.64
4.69
4.74
4.79
4.82
4.93
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
4.30
4.42
4.54
4.60
4.66
4.72
4.77
4.83
4.89
4.94
5.00
5.05
5.11
5.13
5.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
4.57
4.70
4.83
4.89
4.95
5.02
5.08
5.14
5.20
5.26
5.32
5.37
5.43
5.46
5.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
4.85
4.99
5.13
5.19
5.26
5.32
5.39
5.45
5.52
5.58
5.64
5.70
5.77
5.79
5.94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
5.14
5.29
5.43
5.50
5.57
5.64
5.71
5.78
5.85
5.91
5.98
6.04
6.11
6.14
6.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
5.44
5.59
5.75
5.82
5.90
5.97
6.04
6.11
6.19
6.26
6.33
6.40
6.46
6.49
6.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
5.74
5.91
6.07
6.15
6.23
6.31
6.38
6.46
6.53
6.61
6.68
6.76
6.83
6.86
7.03
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
6.06
6.23
6.40
6.49
6.57
6.65
6.73
6.81
6.89
6.97
7.05
7.13
7.20
7.24
7.42
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.82 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

224

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.434
2.373
2.316
2.290
2.264
2.238
2.214
2.191
2.168
2.145
2.124
2.103
2.083
8.385
9.954
================================================================================================================================
105
1.97
2.02
2.07
2.10
2.12
2.15
2.17
2.19
2.22
2.24
2.26
2.28
2.31
2.31
2.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.17
2.22
2.28
2.30
2.33
2.36
2.38
2.41
2.43
2.46
2.48
2.51
2.53
2.53
2.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
2.37
2.43
2.49
2.52
2.55
2.57
2.60
2.63
2.66
2.69
2.71
2.74
2.77
2.77
2.83
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
2.58
2.64
2.71
2.74
2.77
2.80
2.83
2.86
2.89
2.92
2.95
2.98
3.01
3.01
3.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
2.80
2.87
2.94
2.97
3.01
3.04
3.07
3.11
3.14
3.17
3.21
3.24
3.27
3.27
3.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
3.03
3.10
3.18
3.22
3.25
3.29
3.33
3.36
3.40
3.43
3.47
3.50
3.54
3.54
3.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
3.26
3.35
3.43
3.47
3.51
3.55
3.59
3.63
3.66
3.70
3.74
3.78
3.81
3.82
3.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
3.51
3.60
3.69
3.73
3.77
3.82
3.86
3.90
3.94
3.98
4.02
4.06
4.10
4.10
4.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
3.76
3.86
3.95
4.00
4.05
4.09
4.14
4.18
4.23
4.27
4.31
4.36
4.40
4.40
4.50
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
4.03
4.13
4.23
4.28
4.33
4.38
4.43
4.48
4.52
4.57
4.62
4.66
4.71
4.71
4.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
4.30
4.41
4.52
4.57
4.62
4.68
4.73
4.78
4.83
4.88
4.93
4.98
5.03
5.03
5.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
4.58
4.70
4.82
4.87
4.93
4.98
5.04
5.09
5.15
5.20
5.25
5.30
5.36
5.36
5.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
4.87
5.00
5.12
5.18
5.24
5.30
5.36
5.42
5.47
5.53
5.59
5.64
5.70
5.70
5.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
5.17
5.31
5.44
5.50
5.56
5.63
5.69
5.75
5.81
5.87
5.93
5.99
6.05
6.05
6.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
5.48
5.62
5.76
5.83
5.89
5.96
6.03
6.09
6.16
6.22
6.28
6.35
6.41
6.41
6.55
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
5.80
5.95
6.09
6.17
6.24
6.31
6.38
6.44
6.51
6.58
6.65
6.71
6.78
6.78
6.93
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
6.13
6.28
6.44
6.51
6.59
6.66
6.74
6.81
6.88
6.95
7.02
7.09
7.16
7.16
7.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
6.46
6.63
6.79
6.87
6.95
7.03
7.10
7.18
7.26
7.33
7.41
7.48
7.55
7.56
7.72
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.45 daN/mm2

AL/OL-95/15

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 105.00
:
13.40
:
0.3660
: 7514.3
:
0.000019
: 3342.00
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.3660
0.003486
0.4026
0.003834
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.8350
0.017476
3.3030
0.031457
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.2010
0.020962
3.7056
0.035291
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.0468
0.009970
1.3609
0.012960
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.6015
0.015252
2.0819
0.019828
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.1089
0.010561
1.4192
0.013516
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.7220
0.025923
4.2504
0.040480
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3080
0.002933
0.4004
0.003813
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.2224
0.021166
3.7272
0.035497
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

225

226
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.593| 5.419| 2.411| 9.468| 9.986| 9.489|13.304| 5.442| 15.106| 11.549| 0.16| 0.25| 10.6|IMAG.| 48.85| 57.43| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.505| 5.402| 2.608|10.125| 10.842|10.155|13.304| 5.442| 15.097| 12.906| 0.27| 0.41| 10.6|IMAG.| 48.85| 57.43| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |11.392| 5.382| 2.792|10.791| 11.688|10.828|13.304| 5.442| 15.085| 14.199| 0.39| 0.61| 10.6|IMAG.| 48.85| 57.43| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 |10.541| 4.757| 2.639|11.017| 12.106|11.063|13.304| 5.441| 15.070| 15.070| 0.59| 0.86| 10.6|IMAG.| 48.85| 57.43| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 7.747| 3.105| 2.064|10.304| 11.608|10.360|13.304| 5.441| 15.052| 15.052| 1.03| 1.25| 10.6|IMAG.| 48.85| 57.43| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 4.967| 2.303| 1.794| 9.754| 11.212| 9.816|13.303| 5.441| 15.031| 15.031| 1.55| 1.72| 10.6|IMAG.| 48.85| 57.43| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 3.148| 1.942| 1.647| 9.338| 10.901| 9.404|13.303| 5.440| 15.008| 15.008| 2.14| 2.27| 10.6|IMAG.| 48.85| 57.43| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.50
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

227

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.148
2.743
2.438
2.314
2.204
2.107
2.020
1.942
1.872
1.808
1.750
1.696
1.647
9.338 10.901
================================================================================================================================
15
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.17
0.19
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.34
0.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.22
0.25
0.29
0.30
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.45
0.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.28
0.32
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.57
0.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.70
0.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.42
0.48
0.54
0.57
0.60
0.63
0.65
0.68
0.70
0.73
0.75
0.78
0.80
0.85
0.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.50
0.57
0.64
0.68
0.71
0.74
0.78
0.81
0.84
0.87
0.90
0.92
0.95
1.01
1.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.58
0.67
0.76
0.80
0.84
0.87
0.91
0.95
0.98
1.02
1.05
1.09
1.12
1.19
1.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.68
0.78
0.88
0.92
0.97
1.01
1.06
1.10
1.14
1.18
1.22
1.26
1.30
1.37
1.46
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.78
0.89
1.01
1.06
1.11
1.16
1.21
1.26
1.31
1.36
1.40
1.44
1.49
1.58
1.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.89
1.02
1.14
1.21
1.27
1.32
1.38
1.44
1.49
1.54
1.59
1.64
1.69
1.80
1.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.00
1.15
1.29
1.36
1.43
1.49
1.56
1.62
1.68
1.74
1.80
1.86
1.91
2.03
2.15
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.12
1.29
1.45
1.53
1.60
1.68
1.75
1.82
1.89
1.95
2.02
2.08
2.14
2.27
2.41
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.25
1.43
1.61
1.70
1.78
1.87
1.95
2.02
2.10
2.17
2.25
2.32
2.39
2.53
2.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.38
1.59
1.79
1.88
1.98
2.07
2.16
2.24
2.33
2.41
2.49
2.57
2.64
2.81
2.97
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.40 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

228

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.319
2.111
1.945
1.875
1.810
1.752
1.698
1.649
1.604
1.562
1.523
1.486
1.452
8.506 10.034
================================================================================================================================
15
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.17
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.23
0.25
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.30
0.33
0.36
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.38
0.42
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.52
0.53
0.55
0.56
0.58
0.59
0.61
0.62
0.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.47
0.52
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.73
0.75
0.77
0.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.57
0.62
0.68
0.70
0.73
0.75
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.87
0.89
0.91
0.93
0.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.68
0.74
0.81
0.84
0.87
0.90
0.92
0.95
0.98
1.00
1.03
1.06
1.08
1.11
1.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.79
0.87
0.95
0.98
1.02
1.05
1.08
1.12
1.15
1.18
1.21
1.24
1.27
1.30
1.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.92
1.01
1.10
1.14
1.18
1.22
1.26
1.29
1.33
1.37
1.40
1.44
1.47
1.51
1.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.06
1.16
1.26
1.31
1.35
1.40
1.44
1.49
1.53
1.57
1.61
1.65
1.69
1.73
1.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.20
1.32
1.43
1.49
1.54
1.59
1.64
1.69
1.74
1.79
1.83
1.88
1.92
1.97
2.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.36
1.49
1.62
1.68
1.74
1.80
1.85
1.91
1.96
2.02
2.07
2.12
2.17
2.23
2.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.52
1.67
1.81
1.88
1.95
2.01
2.08
2.14
2.20
2.26
2.32
2.37
2.43
2.50
2.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.70
1.86
2.02
2.10
2.17
2.24
2.32
2.38
2.45
2.52
2.58
2.65
2.71
2.78
2.91
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.88
2.06
2.24
2.32
2.41
2.49
2.57
2.64
2.72
2.79
2.86
2.93
3.00
3.08
3.23
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.57 daN/mm2

AL/OL-95/15

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 105.00
:
13.40
:
0.3660
: 7514.3
:
0.000019
: 3342.00
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.3660
0.003486
0.4026
0.003834
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.8350
0.017476
3.3030
0.031457
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.2010
0.020962
3.7056
0.035291
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.0468
0.009970
1.3609
0.012960
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.6015
0.015252
2.0819
0.019828
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.1089
0.010561
1.4192
0.013516
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.7220
0.025923
4.2504
0.040480
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3080
0.002933
0.4004
0.003813
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.2224
0.021166
3.7272
0.035497
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

229

230

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 6.599| 3.192| 2.429|11.923| 13.608|11.994|13.303| 5.439| 18.029| 18.029| 1.79| 2.20| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 4.554| 2.646| 2.190|11.482| 13.283|11.559|13.303| 5.439| 18.005| 18.005| 2.41| 2.76| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 3.384| 2.340| 2.038|11.126| 13.013|11.206|13.302| 5.438| 17.978| 17.978| 3.08| 3.39| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 2.788| 2.151| 1.935|10.837| 12.787|10.919|13.302| 5.437| 17.949| 17.949| 3.80| 4.09| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 2.455| 2.024| 1.861|10.599| 12.595|10.684|13.302| 5.436| 17.918| 17.918| 4.59| 4.85| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 2.246| 1.932| 1.805|10.402| 12.431|10.488|13.301| 5.435| 17.885| 17.885| 5.43| 5.67| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 2.104| 1.864| 1.761|10.236| 12.289|10.322|13.301| 5.434| 17.849| 17.849| 6.33| 6.55| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 2.001| 1.811| 1.726|10.093| 12.164|10.180|13.300| 5.433| 17.810| 17.810| 7.30| 7.50| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 1.923| 1.768| 1.696| 9.969| 12.052|10.057|13.300| 5.432| 17.769| 17.769| 8.32| 8.52| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 1.862| 1.733| 1.671| 9.860| 11.952| 9.948|13.299| 5.430| 17.725| 17.725| 9.41| 9.59| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 1.813| 1.703| 1.650| 9.762| 11.859| 9.850|13.299| 5.429| 17.679| 17.679|10.56|10.74| 10.6|IMAG.| 73.67| 84.06| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.60
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

231

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.923
1.885
1.849
1.832
1.816
1.799
1.783
1.768
1.753
1.738
1.724
1.710
1.696
9.969 12.052
================================================================================================================================
105
2.50
2.55
2.60
2.62
2.65
2.67
2.69
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.79
2.81
2.83
2.90
2.96
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.74
2.80
2.85
2.88
2.90
2.93
2.96
2.98
3.01
3.03
3.06
3.08
3.11
3.18
3.25
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.00
3.06
3.12
3.14
3.17
3.20
3.23
3.26
3.29
3.32
3.34
3.37
3.40
3.48
3.56
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.26
3.33
3.39
3.42
3.46
3.49
3.52
3.55
3.58
3.61
3.64
3.67
3.70
3.78
3.87
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
3.54
3.61
3.68
3.72
3.75
3.78
3.82
3.85
3.88
3.92
3.95
3.98
4.01
4.11
4.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
3.83
3.91
3.98
4.02
4.06
4.09
4.13
4.16
4.20
4.24
4.27
4.31
4.34
4.44
4.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.13
4.21
4.29
4.33
4.37
4.41
4.45
4.49
4.53
4.57
4.61
4.64
4.68
4.79
4.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
4.44
4.53
4.62
4.66
4.70
4.75
4.79
4.83
4.87
4.91
4.95
4.99
5.03
5.15
5.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
4.76
4.86
4.95
5.00
5.05
5.09
5.14
5.18
5.23
5.27
5.31
5.36
5.40
5.53
5.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
5.10
5.20
5.30
5.35
5.40
5.45
5.50
5.55
5.59
5.64
5.69
5.73
5.78
5.91
6.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
5.44
5.55
5.66
5.71
5.77
5.82
5.87
5.92
5.97
6.02
6.07
6.12
6.17
6.31
6.46
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
5.80
5.92
6.03
6.09
6.14
6.20
6.25
6.31
6.36
6.42
6.47
6.52
6.58
6.73
6.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
6.17
6.29
6.41
6.47
6.53
6.59
6.65
6.71
6.77
6.82
6.88
6.94
6.99
7.16
7.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
6.55
6.68
6.81
6.87
6.94
7.00
7.06
7.12
7.18
7.24
7.30
7.36
7.42
7.60
7.77
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
6.94
7.08
7.21
7.28
7.35
7.42
7.48
7.55
7.61
7.68
7.74
7.80
7.87
8.05
8.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
7.34
7.49
7.63
7.70
7.78
7.85
7.92
7.98
8.05
8.12
8.19
8.26
8.32
8.52
8.71
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
7.75
7.91
8.06
8.14
8.21
8.29
8.36
8.43
8.51
8.58
8.65
8.72
8.79
9.00
9.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
8.18
8.34
8.50
8.58
8.66
8.74
8.82
8.90
8.97
9.05
9.12
9.20
9.27
9.49
9.71
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
10.06 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

232

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.838
1.805
1.773
1.758
1.743
1.729
1.715
1.701
1.687
1.674
1.661
1.649
1.637
9.659 11.698
================================================================================================================================
105
2.61
2.66
2.71
2.73
2.76
2.78
2.80
2.82
2.85
2.87
2.89
2.91
2.94
2.99
3.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.87
2.92
2.97
3.00
3.02
3.05
3.07
3.10
3.12
3.15
3.17
3.20
3.22
3.28
3.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.13
3.19
3.25
3.28
3.31
3.33
3.36
3.39
3.41
3.44
3.47
3.49
3.52
3.59
3.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.41
3.48
3.54
3.57
3.60
3.63
3.66
3.69
3.72
3.75
3.78
3.81
3.83
3.91
3.99
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
3.70
3.77
3.84
3.87
3.91
3.94
3.97
4.00
4.03
4.07
4.10
4.13
4.16
4.24
4.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.01
4.08
4.15
4.19
4.22
4.26
4.29
4.33
4.36
4.40
4.43
4.47
4.50
4.58
4.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.32
4.40
4.48
4.52
4.56
4.59
4.63
4.67
4.71
4.74
4.78
4.82
4.85
4.94
5.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
4.65
4.73
4.82
4.86
4.90
4.94
4.98
5.02
5.06
5.10
5.14
5.18
5.22
5.32
5.43
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
4.98
5.08
5.17
5.21
5.26
5.30
5.34
5.39
5.43
5.47
5.51
5.56
5.60
5.70
5.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
5.33
5.43
5.53
5.58
5.62
5.67
5.72
5.76
5.81
5.86
5.90
5.95
5.99
6.10
6.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
5.69
5.80
5.90
5.95
6.00
6.06
6.10
6.15
6.20
6.25
6.30
6.35
6.40
6.52
6.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
6.07
6.18
6.29
6.34
6.40
6.45
6.51
6.56
6.61
6.66
6.71
6.76
6.82
6.94
7.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
6.45
6.57
6.69
6.75
6.80
6.86
6.92
6.97
7.03
7.09
7.14
7.19
7.25
7.39
7.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
6.85
6.98
7.10
7.16
7.22
7.28
7.34
7.40
7.46
7.52
7.58
7.64
7.69
7.84
8.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
7.26
7.39
7.52
7.59
7.65
7.72
7.78
7.85
7.91
7.97
8.03
8.09
8.15
8.31
8.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
7.68
7.82
7.96
8.03
8.10
8.17
8.23
8.30
8.37
8.43
8.50
8.56
8.63
8.79
8.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
8.11
8.26
8.41
8.48
8.55
8.63
8.70
8.77
8.84
8.91
8.98
9.04
9.11
9.28
9.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
8.56
8.71
8.87
8.95
9.02
9.10
9.17
9.25
9.32
9.39
9.47
9.54
9.61
9.79
10.00
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.74 daN/mm2

AL/OL-95/15

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 105.00
:
13.40
:
0.3660
: 7514.3
:
0.000019
: 3342.00
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.3660
0.003486
0.4026
0.003834
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.8350
0.017476
3.3030
0.031457
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.2010
0.020962
3.7056
0.035291
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.3708
0.013055
1.7821
0.016972
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.8150
0.017286
2.3595
0.022471
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.4188
0.013513
1.8270
0.017400
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.8528
0.027170
4.3930
0.041838
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3490
0.003324
0.4537
0.004321
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.2285
0.021224
3.7333
0.035555
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

233

234
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 |11.593| 5.419| 2.411| 9.468| 10.119| 9.495|13.304| 5.442| 15.408| 11.694| 0.16| 0.25| 10.9|IMAG.| 49.56| 57.85| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 |11.505| 5.402| 2.608|10.125| 11.022|10.163|13.304| 5.442| 15.398| 13.093| 0.27| 0.41| 10.9|IMAG.| 49.56| 57.85| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 |11.392| 5.382| 2.792|10.791| 11.911|10.839|13.304| 5.442| 15.385| 14.424| 0.39| 0.61| 10.9|IMAG.| 49.56| 57.85| IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 |10.620| 4.822| 2.671|11.064| 12.415|11.122|13.304| 5.441| 15.370| 15.370| 0.59| 0.85| 10.9|IMAG.| 49.56| 57.85| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 7.747| 3.105| 2.064|10.304| 11.923|10.375|13.304| 5.441| 15.351| 15.351| 1.03| 1.25| 10.9|IMAG.| 49.56| 57.85| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 4.899| 2.284| 1.784| 9.721| 11.530| 9.801|13.303| 5.441| 15.330| 15.330| 1.56| 1.73| 10.9|IMAG.| 49.56| 57.85| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 3.081| 1.921| 1.634| 9.284| 11.221| 9.369|13.303| 5.440| 15.305| 15.305| 2.16| 2.29| 10.9|IMAG.| 49.56| 57.85| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.51
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

235

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.081
2.693
2.400
2.280
2.175
2.081
1.996
1.921
1.852
1.790
1.734
1.682
1.634
9.284 11.221
================================================================================================================================
15
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.13
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.17
0.20
0.22
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.23
0.26
0.29
0.31
0.32
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.43
0.45
0.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.29
0.33
0.37
0.39
0.41
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.49
0.51
0.52
0.54
0.57
0.61
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.55
0.57
0.59
0.61
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.71
0.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.43
0.49
0.55
0.58
0.61
0.63
0.66
0.69
0.71
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.81
0.85
0.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.51
0.58
0.65
0.69
0.72
0.75
0.79
0.82
0.85
0.88
0.90
0.93
0.96
1.02
1.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.60
0.68
0.77
0.81
0.85
0.88
0.92
0.96
0.99
1.03
1.06
1.09
1.13
1.19
1.28
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.69
0.79
0.89
0.94
0.98
1.03
1.07
1.11
1.15
1.19
1.23
1.27
1.31
1.38
1.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.80
0.91
1.02
1.07
1.13
1.18
1.23
1.28
1.32
1.37
1.41
1.46
1.50
1.59
1.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.91
1.04
1.16
1.22
1.28
1.34
1.40
1.45
1.51
1.56
1.61
1.66
1.71
1.81
1.94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.02
1.17
1.31
1.38
1.45
1.51
1.58
1.64
1.70
1.76
1.82
1.87
1.93
2.04
2.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.15
1.31
1.47
1.55
1.62
1.70
1.77
1.84
1.91
1.97
2.04
2.10
2.16
2.29
2.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.28
1.46
1.64
1.72
1.81
1.89
1.97
2.05
2.12
2.20
2.27
2.34
2.41
2.55
2.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.41
1.62
1.82
1.91
2.00
2.09
2.18
2.27
2.35
2.43
2.51
2.59
2.67
2.82
3.03
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
9.37 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

236

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

90.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.286
2.085
1.925
1.856
1.793
1.736
1.684
1.636
1.592
1.550
1.512
1.476
1.443
8.464 10.358
================================================================================================================================
15
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.17
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.27
0.28
0.30
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.23
0.26
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.30
0.33
0.36
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.50
0.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.39
0.42
0.46
0.48
0.49
0.51
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.57
0.58
0.60
0.61
0.63
0.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.48
0.52
0.57
0.59
0.61
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.74
0.75
0.77
0.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.58
0.63
0.68
0.71
0.73
0.76
0.78
0.81
0.83
0.85
0.87
0.89
0.91
0.94
0.99
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.69
0.75
0.82
0.85
0.87
0.90
0.93
0.96
0.99
1.01
1.04
1.06
1.09
1.11
1.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.81
0.88
0.96
0.99
1.03
1.06
1.09
1.13
1.16
1.19
1.22
1.25
1.28
1.31
1.39
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.93
1.02
1.11
1.15
1.19
1.23
1.27
1.30
1.34
1.38
1.41
1.45
1.48
1.52
1.61
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.07
1.18
1.27
1.32
1.37
1.41
1.46
1.50
1.54
1.58
1.62
1.66
1.70
1.74
1.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.22
1.34
1.45
1.50
1.55
1.61
1.66
1.70
1.75
1.80
1.84
1.89
1.93
1.98
2.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.38
1.51
1.64
1.70
1.76
1.81
1.87
1.92
1.98
2.03
2.08
2.13
2.18
2.24
2.37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.54
1.69
1.83
1.90
1.97
2.03
2.10
2.16
2.22
2.28
2.33
2.39
2.45
2.51
2.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1.72
1.89
2.04
2.12
2.19
2.26
2.33
2.40
2.47
2.54
2.60
2.66
2.73
2.79
2.96
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
1.91
2.09
2.26
2.35
2.43
2.51
2.59
2.66
2.74
2.81
2.88
2.95
3.02
3.10
3.28
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.55 daN/mm2

AL/OL-95/15

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 105.00
:
13.40
:
0.3660
: 7514.3
:
0.000019
: 3342.00
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.3660
0.003486
0.4026
0.003834
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.8350
0.017476
3.3030
0.031457
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.2010
0.020962
3.7056
0.035291
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.3708
0.013055
1.7821
0.016972
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.8150
0.017286
2.3595
0.022471
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.4188
0.013513
1.8270
0.017400
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.8528
0.027170
4.3930
0.041838
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3490
0.003324
0.4537
0.004321
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.2285
0.021224
3.7333
0.035555
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV :
=================

237

238

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 3.312| 2.111| 1.803|10.032| 12.113|10.123|13.303| 5.439| 16.498| 16.498| 2.42| 2.61| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 2.555| 1.906| 1.699| 9.703| 11.870| 9.798|13.303| 5.439| 16.470| 16.470| 3.10| 3.27| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 2.185| 1.778| 1.628| 9.444| 11.670| 9.542|13.302| 5.438| 16.439| 16.439| 3.85| 4.00| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 1.974| 1.691| 1.577| 9.237| 11.504| 9.336|13.302| 5.437| 16.405| 16.405| 4.67| 4.79| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 1.838| 1.628| 1.538| 9.068| 11.363| 9.167|13.302| 5.436| 16.368| 16.368| 5.55| 5.66| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 1.743| 1.580| 1.507| 8.927| 11.240| 9.027|13.301| 5.435| 16.329| 16.329| 6.51| 6.60| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 1.673| 1.542| 1.482| 8.806| 11.133| 8.907|13.301| 5.434| 16.286| 16.286| 7.53| 7.62| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 1.619| 1.512| 1.461| 8.702| 11.036| 8.802|13.300| 5.433| 16.241| 16.241| 8.62| 8.70| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 1.576| 1.486| 1.442| 8.609| 10.948| 8.709|13.300| 5.432| 16.193| 16.193| 9.79| 9.86| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 1.541| 1.464| 1.426| 8.526| 10.866| 8.626|13.299| 5.430| 16.141| 16.141|11.03|11.09| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 1.511| 1.445| 1.412| 8.449| 10.789| 8.549|13.299| 5.429| 16.086| 16.086|12.34|12.40| 10.9|IMAG.| 59.00| 67.83| IMAG. |-5+ch+v|
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.18
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.55
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

239

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.511
1.495
1.481
1.473
1.466
1.459
1.452
1.445
1.438
1.432
1.425
1.419
1.412
8.449 10.789
================================================================================================================================
105
3.18
3.21
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.29
3.31
3.32
3.34
3.36
3.37
3.39
3.40
3.42
3.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.49
3.53
3.56
3.58
3.60
3.61
3.63
3.65
3.67
3.68
3.70
3.72
3.73
3.75
3.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.81
3.85
3.89
3.91
3.93
3.95
3.97
3.99
4.01
4.02
4.04
4.06
4.08
4.10
4.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
4.15
4.20
4.24
4.26
4.28
4.30
4.32
4.34
4.36
4.38
4.40
4.42
4.44
4.47
4.53
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.51
4.55
4.60
4.62
4.64
4.67
4.69
4.71
4.73
4.76
4.78
4.80
4.82
4.85
4.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.87
4.92
4.97
5.00
5.02
5.05
5.07
5.10
5.12
5.14
5.17
5.19
5.21
5.24
5.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
5.26
5.31
5.36
5.39
5.42
5.44
5.47
5.49
5.52
5.55
5.57
5.60
5.62
5.65
5.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
5.65
5.71
5.77
5.80
5.82
5.85
5.88
5.91
5.94
5.97
5.99
6.02
6.05
6.08
6.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
6.06
6.13
6.19
6.22
6.25
6.28
6.31
6.34
6.37
6.40
6.43
6.46
6.49
6.52
6.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
6.49
6.56
6.62
6.65
6.69
6.72
6.75
6.78
6.82
6.85
6.88
6.91
6.94
6.98
7.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
6.93
7.00
7.07
7.11
7.14
7.17
7.21
7.24
7.28
7.31
7.35
7.38
7.41
7.45
7.56
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
7.38
7.46
7.53
7.57
7.61
7.65
7.68
7.72
7.75
7.79
7.83
7.86
7.90
7.94
8.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
7.85
7.93
8.01
8.05
8.09
8.13
8.17
8.21
8.25
8.29
8.32
8.36
8.40
8.44
8.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
8.33
8.42
8.50
8.55
8.59
8.63
8.67
8.71
8.75
8.80
8.84
8.88
8.92
8.96
9.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
8.83
8.92
9.01
9.06
9.10
9.15
9.19
9.23
9.28
9.32
9.36
9.41
9.45
9.50
9.64
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
9.34
9.44
9.53
9.58
9.63
9.68
9.72
9.77
9.81
9.86
9.91
9.95
10.00
10.05
10.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
9.87
9.97
10.07
10.12
10.17
10.22
10.27
10.32
10.37
10.42
10.46
10.51
10.56
10.61
10.77
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
10.41
10.52
10.62
10.68
10.73
10.78
10.83
10.88
10.94
10.99
11.04
11.09
11.14
11.19
11.36
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.55 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

AL/OL-95/15

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 200.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

240
TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]
(Zona meteorologica

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.476
1.462
1.448
1.441
1.434
1.428
1.421
1.415
1.408
1.402
1.396
1.390
1.384
8.287 10.590
================================================================================================================================
105
3.25
3.29
3.32
3.33
3.35
3.37
3.38
3.40
3.41
3.43
3.44
3.46
3.47
3.49
3.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.57
3.61
3.64
3.66
3.68
3.69
3.71
3.73
3.74
3.76
3.78
3.79
3.81
3.83
3.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.90
3.94
3.98
4.00
4.02
4.04
4.06
4.07
4.09
4.11
4.13
4.15
4.16
4.18
4.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
4.25
4.29
4.33
4.35
4.37
4.40
4.42
4.44
4.46
4.48
4.50
4.52
4.54
4.55
4.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.61
4.66
4.70
4.72
4.75
4.77
4.79
4.81
4.83
4.86
4.88
4.90
4.92
4.94
5.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.99
5.04
5.09
5.11
5.13
5.16
5.18
5.21
5.23
5.25
5.28
5.30
5.32
5.34
5.42
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
5.38
5.43
5.49
5.51
5.54
5.56
5.59
5.61
5.64
5.66
5.69
5.71
5.74
5.76
5.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
5.79
5.84
5.90
5.93
5.95
5.98
6.01
6.04
6.06
6.09
6.12
6.15
6.17
6.20
6.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
6.21
6.27
6.33
6.36
6.39
6.42
6.45
6.48
6.51
6.53
6.56
6.59
6.62
6.65
6.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
6.64
6.71
6.77
6.80
6.84
6.87
6.90
6.93
6.96
6.99
7.02
7.06
7.09
7.11
7.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
7.09
7.16
7.23
7.26
7.30
7.33
7.37
7.40
7.43
7.47
7.50
7.53
7.57
7.60
7.70
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
7.56
7.63
7.70
7.74
7.78
7.81
7.85
7.89
7.92
7.96
7.99
8.03
8.06
8.09
8.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
8.04
8.12
8.19
8.23
8.27
8.31
8.35
8.39
8.42
8.46
8.50
8.54
8.57
8.61
8.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
8.53
8.61
8.70
8.74
8.78
8.82
8.86
8.90
8.94
8.98
9.02
9.06
9.10
9.14
9.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
9.04
9.13
9.22
9.26
9.30
9.35
9.39
9.43
9.48
9.52
9.56
9.60
9.64
9.68
9.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
9.56
9.66
9.75
9.80
9.84
9.89
9.93
9.98
10.03
10.07
10.11
10.16
10.20
10.24
10.39
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
10.10
10.20
10.30
10.35
10.40
10.45
10.49
10.54
10.59
10.64
10.68
10.73
10.78
10.82
10.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
10.66
10.76
10.86
10.92
10.97
11.02
11.07
11.12
11.17
11.22
11.27
11.32
11.37
11.41
11.58
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
8.39 daN/mm2

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 143.50
:
15.70
:
0.5020
: 7553.6
:
0.000018
: 4544.80
:
30.00
:
80.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.5020
0.003498
0.5522
0.003848
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.1951
0.008328
2.1511
0.014990
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.6971
0.011826
2.7033
0.018838
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.8761
0.006105
1.1389
0.007936
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.0647
0.007419
1.3841
0.009645
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.0097
0.007036
1.2657
0.008820
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.0034
0.013961
3.0370
0.021164
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.2047
0.001427
0.2662
0.001855
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.7094
0.011912
2.7164
0.018929
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV : AL/OL-120/21


=================

241

242
TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 | 8.865| 2.945| 1.256| 6.325| 6.601| 6.336|13.238| 3.008| 20.156| 7.556| 0.31| 0.21| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 | 8.544| 2.911| 1.486| 6.593| 6.985| 6.609|13.238| 3.008| 20.154| 8.271| 0.47| 0.36| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 | 8.141| 2.880| 1.673| 6.852| 7.348| 6.872|13.238| 3.007| 20.152| 8.929| 0.65| 0.54| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 7.663| 2.853| 1.825| 7.091| 7.682| 7.115|13.238| 3.007| 20.149| 9.529| 0.86| 0.75| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 7.126| 2.832| 1.951| 7.307| 7.984| 7.335|13.238| 3.006| 20.145| 10.074| 1.10| 0.99| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 6.552| 2.814| 2.054| 7.500| 8.254| 7.531|13.238| 3.005| 20.141| 10.569| 1.36| 1.26| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.10
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

70.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
7.126
5.902
4.788
4.292
3.846
3.454
3.117
2.832
2.591
2.389
2.219
2.074
1.951
7.307
7.984
================================================================================================================================
10
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.08
0.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.13
0.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.18
0.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.17
0.19
0.21
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.27
0.25
0.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.10
0.12
0.15
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.25
0.27
0.29
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.32
0.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.21
0.23
0.26
0.28
0.31
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.43
0.45
0.41
0.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.15
0.19
0.23
0.25
0.28
0.32
0.35
0.39
0.42
0.46
0.49
0.53
0.56
0.51
0.55
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.19
0.22
0.28
0.31
0.34
0.38
0.42
0.47
0.51
0.55
0.60
0.64
0.68
0.61
0.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.22
0.27
0.33
0.37
0.41
0.46
0.50
0.56
0.61
0.66
0.71
0.76
0.81
0.73
0.79
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.26
0.31
0.39
0.43
0.48
0.53
0.59
0.65
0.71
0.77
0.83
0.89
0.95
0.85
0.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.30
0.36
0.45
0.50
0.56
0.62
0.69
0.76
0.83
0.90
0.97
1.03
1.10
0.99
1.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.35
0.42
0.51
0.57
0.64
0.71
0.79
0.87
0.95
1.03
1.11
1.19
1.26
1.14
1.23
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.39
0.47
0.58
0.65
0.73
0.81
0.90
0.99
1.08
1.17
1.26
1.35
1.43
1.29
1.40
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
7.33 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

243

CONDUCTOR

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

244

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

70.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.862
3.129
2.600
2.396
2.225
2.080
1.955
1.848
1.754
1.673
1.600
1.536
1.478
5.715
6.415
================================================================================================================================
10
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.06
0.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.10
0.11
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.07
0.09
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.16
0.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.10
0.13
0.15
0.16
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.23
0.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.14
0.17
0.21
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.36
0.32
0.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.18
0.22
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.47
0.41
0.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.23
0.28
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.43
0.45
0.48
0.50
0.53
0.55
0.58
0.60
0.52
0.55
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.28
0.35
0.42
0.46
0.49
0.53
0.56
0.59
0.62
0.65
0.68
0.71
0.74
0.65
0.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.34
0.42
0.51
0.55
0.59
0.64
0.68
0.72
0.75
0.79
0.83
0.86
0.90
0.78
0.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.41
0.50
0.61
0.66
0.71
0.76
0.81
0.85
0.90
0.94
0.98
1.03
1.07
0.93
0.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.48
0.59
0.71
0.77
0.83
0.89
0.94
1.00
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20
1.25
1.09
1.15
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.55
0.68
0.82
0.89
0.96
1.03
1.10
1.16
1.22
1.28
1.34
1.40
1.45
1.27
1.33
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.64
0.79
0.95
1.03
1.11
1.18
1.26
1.33
1.40
1.47
1.54
1.60
1.66
1.46
1.53
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.72
0.89
1.08
1.17
1.26
1.35
1.43
1.51
1.60
1.67
1.75
1.82
1.89
1.66
1.74
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
5.74 daN/mm2

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 143.50
:
15.70
:
0.5020
: 7553.6
:
0.000018
: 4544.80
:
90.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 30.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 12.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 16.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.5020
0.003498
0.5522
0.003848
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.1951
0.008328
2.1511
0.014990
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 1.6971
0.011826
2.7033
0.018838
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 0.8761
0.006105
1.1389
0.007936
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.0647
0.007419
1.3841
0.009645
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.0097
0.007036
1.2657
0.008820
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.0034
0.013961
3.0370
0.021164
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.2047
0.001427
0.2662
0.001855
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 1.7094
0.011912
2.7164
0.018929
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV : AL/OL-120/21


=================

245

246

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 90 | 3.548| 2.070| 1.730| 6.370| 7.191| 6.404|13.237| 2.250| 20.136| 9.705| 2.05| 1.88| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 100 | 3.161| 2.065| 1.774| 6.438| 7.307| 6.474|13.237| 2.248| 20.131| 9.978| 2.46| 2.30| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 2.898| 2.060| 1.810| 6.494| 7.404| 6.531|13.237| 2.247| 20.125| 10.214| 2.92| 2.75| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 2.717| 2.055| 1.839| 6.539| 7.484| 6.578|13.236| 2.245| 20.119| 10.418| 3.42| 3.26| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 2.587| 2.051| 1.862| 6.576| 7.551| 6.616|13.236| 2.243| 20.112| 10.595| 3.97| 3.80| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 2.490| 2.048| 1.881| 6.605| 7.607| 6.646|13.236| 2.240| 20.104| 10.748| 4.56| 4.39| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 2.417| 2.044| 1.897| 6.629| 7.653| 6.671|13.235| 2.238| 20.096| 10.881| 5.19| 5.02| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 2.359| 2.040| 1.910| 6.648| 7.692| 6.690|13.235| 2.235| 20.087| 10.996| 5.86| 5.69| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 2.312| 2.037| 1.920| 6.662| 7.723| 6.705|13.234| 2.233| 20.078| 11.095| 6.58| 6.41| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 2.274| 2.034| 1.928| 6.673| 7.749| 6.717|13.234| 2.230| 20.068| 11.181| 7.35| 7.18| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 2.241| 2.030| 1.935| 6.681| 7.769| 6.725|13.233| 2.227| 20.058| 11.255| 8.16| 7.99| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 2.214| 2.026| 1.940| 6.686| 7.785| 6.731|13.233| 2.223| 20.047| 11.318| 9.01| 8.84| 5.5|IMAG.| 180.25| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.08
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
A)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

247

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.274
2.213
2.157
2.131
2.105
2.081
2.057
2.034
2.011
1.990
1.969
1.948
1.928
6.673
7.749
================================================================================================================================
105
2.12
2.18
2.23
2.26
2.29
2.32
2.34
2.37
2.40
2.42
2.45
2.47
2.50
2.44
2.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.33
2.39
2.45
2.48
2.51
2.54
2.57
2.60
2.63
2.66
2.69
2.72
2.74
2.68
2.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
2.54
2.61
2.68
2.71
2.75
2.78
2.81
2.84
2.88
2.91
2.94
2.97
3.00
2.93
2.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
2.77
2.85
2.92
2.96
2.99
3.03
3.06
3.10
3.13
3.17
3.20
3.23
3.27
3.19
3.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
3.01
3.09
3.17
3.21
3.25
3.28
3.32
3.36
3.40
3.43
3.47
3.51
3.54
3.46
3.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
3.25
3.34
3.43
3.47
3.51
3.55
3.59
3.63
3.67
3.71
3.75
3.79
3.83
3.74
3.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
3.51
3.60
3.69
3.74
3.79
3.83
3.87
3.92
3.96
4.01
4.05
4.09
4.13
4.04
4.10
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
3.77
3.87
3.97
4.02
4.07
4.12
4.17
4.21
4.26
4.31
4.35
4.40
4.44
4.34
4.41
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
4.04
4.15
4.26
4.31
4.37
4.42
4.47
4.52
4.57
4.62
4.67
4.72
4.77
4.66
4.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
4.33
4.45
4.56
4.62
4.67
4.73
4.78
4.84
4.89
4.95
5.00
5.05
5.10
4.98
5.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
4.62
4.75
4.87
4.93
4.99
5.05
5.11
5.17
5.22
5.28
5.34
5.39
5.45
5.32
5.41
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
4.92
5.06
5.19
5.25
5.32
5.38
5.44
5.50
5.57
5.63
5.69
5.75
5.81
5.67
5.77
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
5.24
5.38
5.52
5.59
5.65
5.72
5.79
5.85
5.92
5.98
6.05
6.11
6.17
6.03
6.13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
5.56
5.71
5.86
5.93
6.00
6.07
6.14
6.21
6.28
6.35
6.42
6.49
6.55
6.40
6.51
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
5.89
6.05
6.21
6.28
6.36
6.44
6.51
6.59
6.66
6.73
6.80
6.87
6.94
6.78
6.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
6.23
6.40
6.57
6.65
6.73
6.81
6.89
6.97
7.04
7.12
7.20
7.27
7.35
7.18
7.30
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
6.58
6.76
6.94
7.02
7.11
7.19
7.28
7.36
7.44
7.52
7.60
7.68
7.76
7.58
7.71
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
6.94
7.13
7.32
7.41
7.50
7.59
7.68
7.76
7.85
7.93
8.02
8.10
8.19
8.00
8.13
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.72 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 180.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

248
TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]
(Zona meteorologica

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


A)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.138
2.088
2.040
2.018
1.996
1.975
1.954
1.934
1.915
1.896
1.878
1.860
1.843
6.382
7.424
================================================================================================================================
105
2.25
2.31
2.36
2.39
2.42
2.44
2.47
2.49
2.52
2.54
2.57
2.59
2.62
2.55
2.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
2.47
2.53
2.59
2.62
2.65
2.68
2.71
2.74
2.76
2.79
2.82
2.84
2.87
2.80
2.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
2.70
2.77
2.83
2.87
2.90
2.93
2.96
2.99
3.02
3.05
3.08
3.11
3.14
3.06
3.11
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
2.94
3.02
3.09
3.12
3.16
3.19
3.22
3.26
3.29
3.32
3.35
3.39
3.42
3.34
3.38
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
3.20
3.27
3.35
3.39
3.42
3.46
3.50
3.53
3.57
3.60
3.64
3.67
3.71
3.62
3.67
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
3.46
3.54
3.62
3.66
3.70
3.74
3.78
3.82
3.86
3.90
3.94
3.97
4.01
3.91
3.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
3.73
3.82
3.91
3.95
3.99
4.04
4.08
4.12
4.16
4.20
4.24
4.29
4.33
4.22
4.28
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
4.01
4.11
4.20
4.25
4.29
4.34
4.39
4.43
4.48
4.52
4.56
4.61
4.65
4.54
4.61
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
4.30
4.40
4.51
4.56
4.61
4.66
4.71
4.75
4.80
4.85
4.90
4.94
4.99
4.87
4.94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
4.60
4.71
4.82
4.88
4.93
4.98
5.04
5.09
5.14
5.19
5.24
5.29
5.34
5.21
5.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
4.91
5.03
5.15
5.21
5.26
5.32
5.38
5.43
5.49
5.54
5.60
5.65
5.70
5.57
5.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
5.23
5.36
5.49
5.55
5.61
5.67
5.73
5.79
5.85
5.90
5.96
6.02
6.08
5.93
6.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
5.57
5.70
5.84
5.90
5.97
6.03
6.09
6.16
6.22
6.28
6.34
6.40
6.46
6.31
6.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
5.91
6.05
6.19
6.26
6.33
6.40
6.47
6.53
6.60
6.67
6.73
6.79
6.86
6.69
6.79
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
6.26
6.41
6.56
6.64
6.71
6.78
6.85
6.92
6.99
7.06
7.13
7.20
7.27
7.09
7.20
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
6.63
6.79
6.94
7.02
7.10
7.18
7.25
7.33
7.40
7.47
7.55
7.62
7.69
7.51
7.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
7.00
7.17
7.34
7.42
7.50
7.58
7.66
7.74
7.82
7.89
7.97
8.05
8.12
7.93
8.05
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
7.38
7.56
7.74
7.82
7.91
7.99
8.08
8.16
8.24
8.33
8.41
8.49
8.57
8.36
8.49
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.42 daN/mm2

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 143.50
:
15.70
:
0.5020
: 7553.6
:
0.000018
: 4544.80
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.5020
0.003498
0.5522
0.003848
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.9542
0.013618
3.5176
0.024513
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.4562
0.017117
4.0698
0.028361
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.2265
0.008547
1.5944
0.011111
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.6656
0.011607
2.1653
0.015089
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.3252
0.009235
1.6873
0.011758
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.9677
0.020681
4.6100
0.032125
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3203
0.002232
0.4164
0.002902
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.4770
0.017261
4.0911
0.028509
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV : AL/OL-120/21


=================

249

250

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 | 6.866| 1.706| 0.941| 5.785| 6.330| 5.808|13.238| 1.804| 20.153| 7.941| 0.42| 0.33| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 | 5.961| 1.684| 1.102| 6.173| 6.868| 6.202|13.238| 1.804| 20.148| 8.885| 0.64| 0.55| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 | 4.896| 1.670| 1.218| 6.486| 7.308| 6.521|13.238| 1.803| 20.143| 9.678| 0.90| 0.82| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 3.846| 1.661| 1.304| 6.737| 7.667| 6.776|13.238| 1.802| 20.136| 10.346| 1.21| 1.14| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 3.054| 1.654| 1.367| 6.936| 7.958| 6.979|13.238| 1.800| 20.127| 10.911| 1.57| 1.51| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 2.575| 1.649| 1.414| 7.094| 8.195| 7.140|13.238| 1.799| 20.118| 11.391| 1.98| 1.93| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 2.297| 1.644| 1.450| 7.221| 8.389| 7.269|13.237| 1.797| 20.107| 11.798| 2.44| 2.40| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.06
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

60.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

251

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
3.846
3.027
2.443
2.224
2.044
1.894
1.768
1.661
1.569
1.489
1.420
1.358
1.304
6.737
7.667
================================================================================================================================
10
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.07
0.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.07
0.09
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.20
0.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.10
0.13
0.16
0.18
0.19
0.21
0.22
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.29
0.30
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.14
0.18
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.39
0.41
0.39
0.41
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.18
0.23
0.29
0.31
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.42
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.52
0.54
0.51
0.54
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.23
0.29
0.36
0.40
0.43
0.47
0.50
0.53
0.56
0.59
0.62
0.65
0.68
0.64
0.68
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.28
0.36
0.45
0.49
0.53
0.58
0.62
0.66
0.70
0.73
0.77
0.80
0.84
0.79
0.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.34
0.44
0.54
0.59
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.84
0.89
0.93
0.97
1.01
0.96
1.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.41
0.52
0.64
0.71
0.77
0.83
0.89
0.95
1.00
1.06
1.11
1.16
1.21
1.14
1.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.48
0.61
0.76
0.83
0.90
0.98
1.05
1.11
1.18
1.24
1.30
1.36
1.42
1.34
1.42
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.56
0.71
0.88
0.96
1.05
1.13
1.21
1.29
1.37
1.44
1.51
1.58
1.64
1.56
1.65
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
0.64
0.81
1.01
1.11
1.20
1.30
1.39
1.48
1.57
1.65
1.73
1.81
1.89
1.79
1.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
0.73
0.92
1.15
1.26
1.37
1.48
1.58
1.69
1.78
1.88
1.97
2.06
2.15
2.03
2.16
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
0.82
1.04
1.29
1.42
1.55
1.67
1.79
1.90
2.01
2.12
2.23
2.33
2.42
2.29
2.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
0.92
1.17
1.45
1.59
1.73
1.87
2.00
2.13
2.26
2.38
2.49
2.61
2.72
2.57
2.73
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.78 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

252

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

60.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
2.211
1.884
1.654
1.563
1.484
1.415
1.354
1.300
1.252
1.208
1.168
1.132
1.099
5.790
6.696
================================================================================================================================
10
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.15
0.15
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.12
0.15
0.17
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.23
0.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.18
0.21
0.24
0.25
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.33
0.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.24
0.28
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.41
0.43
0.44
0.46
0.47
0.49
0.45
0.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.32
0.37
0.42
0.45
0.47
0.49
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.59
0.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.40
0.47
0.54
0.57
0.60
0.63
0.65
0.68
0.71
0.73
0.76
0.78
0.81
0.75
0.78
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.49
0.58
0.66
0.70
0.74
0.77
0.81
0.84
0.87
0.91
0.94
0.97
1.00
0.92
0.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.85
0.89
0.93
0.98
1.02
1.06
1.10
1.13
1.17
1.20
1.12
1.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.71
0.84
0.95
1.01
1.06
1.11
1.16
1.21
1.26
1.30
1.35
1.39
1.43
1.33
1.39
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
0.84
0.98
1.12
1.18
1.24
1.31
1.36
1.42
1.48
1.53
1.58
1.63
1.68
1.56
1.63
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
0.97
1.14
1.30
1.37
1.44
1.51
1.58
1.65
1.71
1.77
1.83
1.89
1.95
1.81
1.89
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.11
1.31
1.49
1.57
1.66
1.74
1.82
1.89
1.97
2.04
2.11
2.17
2.24
2.08
2.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.27
1.49
1.69
1.79
1.89
1.98
2.07
2.15
2.24
2.32
2.40
2.47
2.55
2.37
2.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.43
1.68
1.91
2.02
2.13
2.23
2.33
2.43
2.52
2.62
2.70
2.79
2.88
2.67
2.79
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.60
1.88
2.14
2.27
2.39
2.50
2.62
2.72
2.83
2.93
3.03
3.13
3.22
2.99
3.13
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
5.83 daN/mm2

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 143.50
:
15.70
:
0.5020
: 7553.6
:
0.000018
: 4544.80
: 100.00
: 200.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 42.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 15.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.5020
0.003498
0.5522
0.003848
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.9542
0.013618
3.5176
0.024513
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.4562
0.017117
4.0698
0.028361
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.2265
0.008547
1.5944
0.011111
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.6656
0.011607
2.1653
0.015089
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.3252
0.009235
1.6873
0.011758
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 2.9677
0.020681
4.6100
0.032125
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3203
0.002232
0.4164
0.002902
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.4770
0.017261
4.0911
0.028509
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV : AL/OL-120/21


=================

253

254

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 1.614| 1.361| 1.262| 6.333| 7.470| 6.380|13.237| 1.492| 20.094| 10.864| 3.47| 3.38| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 1.557| 1.357| 1.274| 6.368| 7.536| 6.416|13.237| 1.489| 20.081| 11.049| 4.15| 4.07| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 1.516| 1.354| 1.284| 6.393| 7.586| 6.442|13.236| 1.486| 20.066| 11.199| 4.91| 4.82| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 1.485| 1.351| 1.290| 6.409| 7.623| 6.459|13.236| 1.483| 20.050| 11.319| 5.73| 5.64| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 1.460| 1.347| 1.295| 6.419| 7.649| 6.470|13.236| 1.480| 20.032| 11.415| 6.62| 6.53| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 1.440| 1.344| 1.298| 6.424| 7.667| 6.475|13.235| 1.476| 20.014| 11.491| 7.58| 7.49| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 1.423| 1.340| 1.300| 6.423| 7.677| 6.475|13.235| 1.472| 19.993| 11.550| 8.61| 8.53| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 1.408| 1.336| 1.300| 6.419| 7.682| 6.471|13.234| 1.468| 19.972| 11.593| 9.72| 9.63| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 180 | 1.395| 1.332| 1.300| 6.412| 7.680| 6.464|13.234| 1.463| 19.949| 11.624|10.90|10.81| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 190 | 1.383| 1.327| 1.299| 6.401| 7.674| 6.453|13.233| 1.459| 19.925| 11.644|12.15|12.07| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 200 | 1.372| 1.322| 1.297| 6.388| 7.664| 6.440|13.233| 1.453| 19.899| 11.654|13.49|13.40| 8.3|IMAG.| 116.05| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.05
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 160.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
B)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

255

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.423
1.403
1.384
1.375
1.366
1.357
1.348
1.340
1.332
1.323
1.315
1.308
1.300
6.423
7.677
================================================================================================================================
105
3.39
3.44
3.48
3.51
3.53
3.55
3.58
3.60
3.62
3.64
3.66
3.69
3.71
3.67
3.71
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.72
3.77
3.82
3.85
3.87
3.90
3.92
3.95
3.97
4.00
4.02
4.05
4.07
4.03
4.07
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
4.07
4.12
4.18
4.21
4.23
4.26
4.29
4.32
4.34
4.37
4.40
4.42
4.45
4.41
4.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
4.43
4.49
4.55
4.58
4.61
4.64
4.67
4.70
4.73
4.76
4.79
4.82
4.84
4.80
4.85
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.80
4.87
4.94
4.97
5.00
5.03
5.07
5.10
5.13
5.16
5.19
5.23
5.26
5.20
5.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
5.19
5.27
5.34
5.38
5.41
5.45
5.48
5.52
5.55
5.58
5.62
5.65
5.69
5.63
5.69
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
5.60
5.68
5.76
5.80
5.83
5.87
5.91
5.95
5.98
6.02
6.06
6.09
6.13
6.07
6.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
6.02
6.11
6.19
6.23
6.27
6.32
6.36
6.40
6.44
6.48
6.52
6.55
6.59
6.53
6.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
6.46
6.55
6.64
6.69
6.73
6.77
6.82
6.86
6.90
6.95
6.99
7.03
7.07
7.00
7.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
6.92
7.01
7.11
7.16
7.20
7.25
7.30
7.34
7.39
7.43
7.48
7.52
7.57
7.49
7.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
7.38
7.49
7.59
7.64
7.69
7.74
7.79
7.84
7.89
7.94
7.99
8.03
8.08
8.00
8.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
7.87
7.98
8.09
8.14
8.20
8.25
8.30
8.35
8.41
8.46
8.51
8.56
8.61
8.53
8.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
8.37
8.49
8.60
8.66
8.72
8.77
8.83
8.88
8.94
9.00
9.05
9.10
9.16
9.07
9.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
8.88
9.01
9.13
9.19
9.25
9.31
9.37
9.43
9.49
9.55
9.61
9.67
9.72
9.63
9.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
9.41
9.55
9.68
9.74
9.80
9.87
9.93
9.99
10.06
10.12
10.18
10.24
10.30
10.20
10.31
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
9.96
10.10
10.24
10.30
10.37
10.44
10.51
10.57
10.64
10.71
10.77
10.84
10.90
10.79
10.91
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
10.52
10.67
10.81
10.89
10.96
11.03
11.10
11.17
11.24
11.31
11.38
11.45
11.51
11.40
11.52
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
11.10
11.25
11.41
11.48
11.56
11.63
11.71
11.78
11.85
11.93
12.00
12.07
12.14
12.02
12.16
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.47 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

CONDUCTOR

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 160.00

256

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


B)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.378
1.360
1.343
1.335
1.326
1.318
1.310
1.303
1.295
1.287
1.280
1.273
1.266
6.258
7.485
================================================================================================================================
105
3.50
3.54
3.59
3.61
3.63
3.66
3.68
3.70
3.72
3.74
3.77
3.79
3.81
3.77
3.81
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.84
3.89
3.94
3.96
3.99
4.01
4.04
4.06
4.09
4.11
4.13
4.16
4.18
4.14
4.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
4.20
4.25
4.31
4.33
4.36
4.39
4.41
4.44
4.47
4.49
4.52
4.54
4.57
4.52
4.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
4.57
4.63
4.69
4.72
4.75
4.78
4.81
4.83
4.86
4.89
4.92
4.95
4.98
4.92
4.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.96
5.02
5.09
5.12
5.15
5.18
5.21
5.25
5.28
5.31
5.34
5.37
5.40
5.34
5.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
5.36
5.43
5.50
5.54
5.57
5.61
5.64
5.67
5.71
5.74
5.77
5.81
5.84
5.78
5.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
5.78
5.86
5.93
5.97
6.01
6.05
6.08
6.12
6.15
6.19
6.23
6.26
6.30
6.23
6.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
6.22
6.30
6.38
6.42
6.46
6.50
6.54
6.58
6.62
6.66
6.70
6.73
6.77
6.70
6.77
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
6.67
6.76
6.85
6.89
6.93
6.97
7.02
7.06
7.10
7.14
7.18
7.22
7.26
7.19
7.26
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
7.14
7.23
7.33
7.37
7.42
7.46
7.51
7.55
7.60
7.64
7.69
7.73
7.77
7.69
7.77
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
7.62
7.72
7.82
7.87
7.92
7.97
8.02
8.07
8.11
8.16
8.21
8.25
8.30
8.21
8.30
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
8.12
8.23
8.34
8.39
8.44
8.49
8.54
8.59
8.64
8.70
8.75
8.80
8.85
8.75
8.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
8.64
8.75
8.86
8.92
8.98
9.03
9.09
9.14
9.19
9.25
9.30
9.35
9.41
9.31
9.40
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
9.17
9.29
9.41
9.47
9.53
9.59
9.64
9.70
9.76
9.82
9.87
9.93
9.99
9.88
9.98
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
9.72
9.84
9.97
10.03
10.10
10.16
10.22
10.28
10.34
10.40
10.46
10.52
10.58
10.47
10.58
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
10.28
10.42
10.55
10.62
10.68
10.75
10.81
10.88
10.94
11.00
11.07
11.13
11.19
11.08
11.19
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
10.86
11.00
11.14
11.21
11.28
11.35
11.42
11.49
11.56
11.62
11.69
11.76
11.83
11.70
11.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
11.45
11.60
11.75
11.83
11.90
11.97
12.05
12.12
12.19
12.26
12.33
12.40
12.47
12.34
12.47
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.31 daN/mm2

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 143.50
:
15.70
:
0.5020
: 7553.6
:
0.000018
: 4544.80
:
30.00
:
90.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.5020
0.003498
0.5522
0.003848
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.9542
0.013618
3.5176
0.024513
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.4562
0.017117
4.0698
0.028361
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.6061
0.011192
2.0879
0.014550
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.8877
0.013155
2.4540
0.017101
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.6827
0.011726
2.1597
0.015050
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 3.0978
0.021588
4.7524
0.033118
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3630
0.002530
0.4719
0.003289
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.4829
0.017302
4.0971
0.028551
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV : AL/OL-120/21


=================

257

258

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 30 | 6.019| 1.404| 0.859| 5.343| 6.047| 5.374|13.238| 1.503| 20.153| 7.690| 0.46| 0.36| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 40 | 4.749| 1.390| 0.991| 5.635| 6.516| 5.673|13.238| 1.502| 20.148| 8.548| 0.71| 0.61| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 50 | 3.428| 1.381| 1.081| 5.852| 6.876| 5.896|13.238| 1.501| 20.142| 9.237| 1.01| 0.91| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 60 | 2.514| 1.375| 1.144| 6.013| 7.153| 6.062|13.238| 1.500| 20.134| 9.792| 1.38| 1.28| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 70 | 2.058| 1.371| 1.189| 6.132| 7.365| 6.185|13.238| 1.498| 20.125| 10.242| 1.80| 1.71| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 80 | 1.828| 1.367| 1.221| 6.220| 7.529| 6.276|13.238| 1.496| 20.115| 10.606| 2.29| 2.20| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 90 | 1.697| 1.364| 1.245| 6.285| 7.655| 6.344|13.237| 1.494| 20.103| 10.902| 2.85| 2.76| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.05
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

259

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.828
1.690
1.577
1.528
1.483
1.441
1.403
1.367
1.334
1.303
1.274
1.247
1.221
6.220
7.529
================================================================================================================================
10
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.10
0.10
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.22
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.32
0.31
0.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.29
0.32
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.42
0.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.38
0.41
0.44
0.46
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.51
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.55
0.57
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.48
0.52
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.61
0.63
0.65
0.66
0.68
0.70
0.71
0.73
0.70
0.73
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.60
0.65
0.69
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.80
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.88
0.90
0.86
0.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.72
0.78
0.84
0.87
0.89
0.92
0.94
0.97
0.99
1.02
1.04
1.06
1.08
1.04
1.08
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
0.86
0.93
1.00
1.03
1.06
1.09
1.12
1.15
1.18
1.21
1.24
1.26
1.29
1.24
1.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.01
1.09
1.17
1.21
1.25
1.28
1.32
1.35
1.39
1.42
1.45
1.48
1.51
1.45
1.51
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.17
1.27
1.36
1.40
1.45
1.49
1.53
1.57
1.61
1.64
1.68
1.72
1.75
1.69
1.76
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.35
1.46
1.56
1.61
1.66
1.71
1.75
1.80
1.84
1.89
1.93
1.97
2.01
1.93
2.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.53
1.66
1.77
1.83
1.89
1.94
2.00
2.05
2.10
2.15
2.20
2.24
2.29
2.20
2.29
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1.73
1.87
2.00
2.07
2.13
2.19
2.25
2.31
2.37
2.42
2.48
2.53
2.59
2.49
2.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1.94
2.10
2.25
2.32
2.39
2.46
2.53
2.59
2.66
2.72
2.78
2.84
2.90
2.79
2.90
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.28 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

260

CONDUCTOR

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL :

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

80.00

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.539
1.451
1.375
1.342
1.310
1.281
1.253
1.227
1.203
1.180
1.158
1.137
1.117
5.715
6.970
================================================================================================================================
10
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.09
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.15
0.15
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25
0.18
0.19
0.20
0.20
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.23
0.24
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30
0.26
0.27
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.34
0.35
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
0.35
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.46
0.47
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40
0.45
0.48
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59
0.60
0.62
0.63
0.60
0.62
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
0.58
0.61
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.69
0.71
0.72
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.78
0.79
0.76
0.78
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50
0.71
0.75
0.79
0.81
0.83
0.85
0.87
0.89
0.91
0.93
0.94
0.96
0.98
0.94
0.97
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
0.86
0.91
0.96
0.99
1.01
1.03
1.06
1.08
1.10
1.12
1.14
1.16
1.18
1.13
1.17
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
1.02
1.08
1.14
1.17
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.28
1.31
1.33
1.36
1.38
1.41
1.35
1.39
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
1.20
1.27
1.34
1.38
1.41
1.44
1.47
1.51
1.54
1.57
1.60
1.62
1.65
1.58
1.64
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
1.39
1.48
1.56
1.60
1.64
1.67
1.71
1.75
1.78
1.82
1.85
1.88
1.92
1.83
1.90
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
1.60
1.70
1.79
1.83
1.88
1.92
1.96
2.00
2.05
2.09
2.12
2.16
2.20
2.11
2.18
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------80
1.82
1.93
2.03
2.09
2.14
2.19
2.23
2.28
2.33
2.37
2.42
2.46
2.50
2.40
2.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
2.05
2.18
2.30
2.35
2.41
2.47
2.52
2.57
2.63
2.68
2.73
2.78
2.83
2.70
2.80
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
2.30
2.44
2.58
2.64
2.70
2.77
2.83
2.89
2.94
3.00
3.06
3.12
3.17
3.03
3.14
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
5.77 daN/mm2

Sectiunea reala conductor..........[mmp]


Diametrul conductorului.............[mm]
Masa conductorului negresat......[daN/m]
Modulul de elasticitate........[daN/mmp]
Coeficient de dilatare termica.....[1/C]
Forta de rupere conductor..........[daN]
Deschiderea minima in panou..........[m]
Deschiderea maxima in panou..........[m]

CONDITII METEOROLOGICE : Conform NTE 003/04/00


======================
: 143.50
:
15.70
:
0.5020
: 7553.6
:
0.000018
: 4544.80
: 100.00
: 170.00

COEFICIENTII AERODINAMICI AI CONDUCTORULUI


- la vint nesimultan cu chiciura :
- la vint simultan cu chiciura
:

1.20
1.20

Presiunea de baza vint ,la vint maxim ...[daN/mp] : 55.000


Presiunea de baza vint ,vint cu chiciura [daN/mp] : 17.000
Grosimea stratului de chiciura...............[mm] : 22.000
Densitatea chiciurii....................[daN/dm3] : 0.750
Coeficient de rafala vint pe stilp ...............: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe izolatoare ................: 1.620
Coef.de rafala vint pe conductoare................: 1.550
COEFICIENTII INCARCARILOR DE CALCUL PENTRU :
Greutatea proprie conductor................:
Greutatea chiciurii pe cond.,stilp,izol....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.,stilp,izol.....:
Presiunea vintului pe cond.la avarie.......:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim normal....:
Tractiunea in conductor in regim de avarie :

==============================================================================================
NORMATE
DE CALCUL
I N C A R C A R I
------------------------------------UNITARE
SPECIFICE
UNITARE
SPECIFICE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------daN/m
daN/m.mmp
daN/m
daN/m.mmp
==============================================================================================
1. Din masa conductorului ........................ 0.5020
0.003498
0.5522
0.003848
2. Din chiciura .................................. 1.9542
0.013618
3.5176
0.024513
3. Din masa conductorului si chiciura ............ 2.4562
0.017117
4.0698
0.028361
4. Din presiunea vintului maxim .................. 1.6061
0.011192
2.0879
0.014550
5. Din presiunea vintului simultan cu chiciura ... 1.8877
0.013155
2.4540
0.017101
6. Din masa cond.si presiunea vintului maxim ..... 1.6827
0.011726
2.1597
0.015050
7. Din masa cond.cu chiciura simultan cu vint .... 3.0978
0.021588
4.7524
0.033118
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Din pres.vint la avarie simultan cu chiciura... 0.3630
0.002530
0.4719
0.003289
9. Din masa cond.cu chiciura si cu vint la avarie. 2.4829
0.017302
4.0971
0.028551
==============================================================================================

1.10
1.80
1.30
0.25
1.30
1.10

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR ACTIV : AL/OL-120/21


=================

261

262

TABEL

DE

TRACTIUNI

ORIZONTALE (daN/mmp)

SI

SAGETI (m)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

========================================================================================================================================
| D |
|
TRACTIUNI DE CALCUL
|
|
|
| E |
TRACTIUNI NORMATE
|---------------------+-------| SAGEATA |
D I M E N S I O N E A Z A
|
| S |
|
I M P U S E
| REALE |
|
|
| C |------+------+------+------+-------+------|------+------+-------|-------|-----+-----|-----+-----+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| (m) | -30 | 15 | 40 | -5+CH|-5+CH+V|AVARIE| -30 | 15 |-5+CH+V|-5+CH+V| 40 |-5+CH| Q | QCR | ACR12 | ACR13 | ACR23 |STAREA |
|======================================================================================================================================|
| 100 | 1.614| 1.361| 1.262| 6.333| 7.752| 6.394|13.237| 1.492| 20.090| 11.144| 3.47| 3.38| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 110 | 1.557| 1.357| 1.274| 6.368| 7.827| 6.430|13.237| 1.489| 20.076| 11.339| 4.15| 4.07| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 120 | 1.516| 1.354| 1.284| 6.393| 7.884| 6.456|13.236| 1.486| 20.060| 11.499| 4.91| 4.82| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 130 | 1.485| 1.351| 1.290| 6.409| 7.927| 6.473|13.236| 1.483| 20.043| 11.627| 5.73| 5.64| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 140 | 1.460| 1.347| 1.295| 6.419| 7.958| 6.484|13.236| 1.480| 20.024| 11.730| 6.62| 6.53| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 150 | 1.440| 1.344| 1.298| 6.424| 7.979| 6.489|13.235| 1.476| 20.004| 11.812| 7.58| 7.49| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 160 | 1.423| 1.340| 1.300| 6.423| 7.993| 6.490|13.235| 1.472| 19.983| 11.876| 8.61| 8.53| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
|-----|------|------|------|------|-------|------|------|------|-------|-------|-----|-----|-----|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|
| 170 | 1.408| 1.336| 1.300| 6.419| 7.999| 6.486|13.234| 1.468| 19.960| 11.924| 9.72| 9.63| 8.6|IMAG.| 112.46| IMAG. | IMAG. | TMED. |
========================================================================================================================================
NOTA :
Q
- Greutatea specifica relativa
COEFICIENTII DE SIGURANTA IMPUSI :
QCR
- Greutatea specifica relativa critica
KP(Tmin)
= 0.44
ACR12 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , -30) in [m]
KP(Tmed)
= 0.05
ACR13 - Deschiderea critica(-5+ch+v , 15) in [m]
KP(-5+ch+v)= 0.67
ACR23 - Deschiderea critica( -30 , 15) in [m]

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 100.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

SI SAGETI DE MONTAJ
C)

NTE 003/04/00

[m]

263

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.614
1.546
1.486
1.458
1.432
1.407
1.383
1.361
1.339
1.318
1.299
1.280
1.262
6.333
7.752
================================================================================================================================
105
2.99
3.12
3.24
3.31
3.37
3.43
3.49
3.54
3.60
3.66
3.71
3.77
3.82
3.72
3.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.28
3.42
3.56
3.63
3.70
3.76
3.83
3.89
3.95
4.01
4.07
4.13
4.19
4.09
4.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.58
3.74
3.89
3.97
4.04
4.11
4.18
4.25
4.32
4.39
4.45
4.52
4.58
4.47
4.60
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
3.90
4.07
4.24
4.32
4.40
4.48
4.55
4.63
4.70
4.78
4.85
4.92
4.99
4.86
5.01
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.23
4.42
4.60
4.69
4.77
4.86
4.94
5.02
5.10
5.18
5.26
5.34
5.42
5.28
5.44
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
4.58
4.78
4.97
5.07
5.16
5.25
5.34
5.43
5.52
5.61
5.69
5.77
5.86
5.71
5.88
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
4.94
5.15
5.36
5.47
5.57
5.66
5.76
5.86
5.95
6.04
6.14
6.23
6.32
6.16
6.34
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
5.31
5.54
5.77
5.88
5.99
6.09
6.20
6.30
6.40
6.50
6.60
6.70
6.79
6.62
6.82
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
5.70
5.95
6.19
6.30
6.42
6.53
6.65
6.76
6.87
6.97
7.08
7.18
7.29
7.10
7.32
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
6.10
6.36
6.62
6.75
6.87
6.99
7.11
7.23
7.35
7.46
7.58
7.69
7.80
7.60
7.83
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
6.51
6.79
7.07
7.20
7.34
7.47
7.60
7.72
7.85
7.97
8.09
8.21
8.33
8.12
8.36
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
6.94
7.24
7.53
7.68
7.82
7.96
8.09
8.23
8.36
8.49
8.62
8.75
8.87
8.65
8.91
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
7.38
7.70
8.01
8.16
8.31
8.46
8.61
8.75
8.89
9.03
9.17
9.30
9.44
9.20
9.48
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
7.83
8.17
8.50
8.67
8.83
8.98
9.14
9.29
9.44
9.59
9.73
9.87
10.02
9.76
10.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
8.30
8.66
9.01
9.18
9.35
9.52
9.68
9.84
10.00
10.16
10.31
10.46
10.61
10.35
10.66
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
8.78
9.16
9.53
9.72
9.89
10.07
10.24
10.41
10.58
10.75
10.91
11.07
11.23
10.95
11.28
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
9.27
9.68
10.07
10.26
10.45
10.64
10.82
11.00
11.18
11.35
11.52
11.69
11.86
11.56
11.91
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
9.78
10.21
10.62
10.83
11.02
11.22
11.41
11.60
11.79
11.97
12.15
12.33
12.51
12.20
12.57
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.39 daN/mm2

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

CONDUCTOR

264

CONDUCTOR

: AL/OL-120/21

DESCHIDEREA DE CALCUL : 100.00

TABEL DE TRACTIUNI (orizontale) [daN/mmp]


(Zona meteorologica

[m]

NTE 003/04/00

SI SAGETI DE GABARIT [m]


C)

Traciuni i sgei

LEA 20 kV cu conductoare neizolate

================================================================================================================================
TEMP.
-30
-20
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-5+ch
-5+ch+v
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TRAC
1.466
1.414
1.367
1.345
1.325
1.305
1.285
1.267
1.250
1.233
1.216
1.201
1.186
5.967
7.335
================================================================================================================================
105
3.29
3.41
3.53
3.58
3.64
3.70
3.75
3.80
3.86
3.91
3.96
4.01
4.07
3.95
4.06
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------110
3.61
3.74
3.87
3.93
3.99
4.06
4.12
4.18
4.23
4.29
4.35
4.41
4.46
4.34
4.45
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------115
3.94
4.09
4.23
4.30
4.37
4.43
4.50
4.56
4.63
4.69
4.75
4.82
4.88
4.74
4.87
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------120
4.29
4.45
4.61
4.68
4.75
4.83
4.90
4.97
5.04
5.11
5.18
5.24
5.31
5.16
5.30
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------125
4.66
4.83
5.00
5.08
5.16
5.24
5.32
5.39
5.47
5.54
5.62
5.69
5.76
5.60
5.75
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------130
5.04
5.22
5.40
5.49
5.58
5.66
5.75
5.83
5.91
6.00
6.08
6.15
6.23
6.06
6.22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------135
5.43
5.63
5.83
5.92
6.02
6.11
6.20
6.29
6.38
6.47
6.55
6.64
6.72
6.53
6.71
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------140
5.84
6.06
6.27
6.37
6.47
6.57
6.67
6.76
6.86
6.95
7.05
7.14
7.23
7.03
7.21
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------145
6.27
6.50
6.72
6.83
6.94
7.05
7.15
7.26
7.36
7.46
7.56
7.66
7.75
7.54
7.74
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------150
6.71
6.96
7.20
7.31
7.43
7.54
7.65
7.76
7.87
7.98
8.09
8.19
8.30
8.07
8.28
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------155
7.16
7.43
7.68
7.81
7.93
8.05
8.17
8.29
8.41
8.52
8.64
8.75
8.86
8.61
8.84
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------160
7.63
7.91
8.19
8.32
8.45
8.58
8.71
8.83
8.96
9.08
9.20
9.32
9.44
9.18
9.42
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------165
8.12
8.42
8.71
8.85
8.99
9.13
9.26
9.39
9.53
9.66
9.79
9.91
10.04
9.76
10.02
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------170
8.62
8.93
9.24
9.39
9.54
9.69
9.83
9.97
10.11
10.25
10.39
10.52
10.66
10.36
10.63
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------175
9.13
9.47
9.79
9.95
10.11
10.26
10.42
10.57
10.72
10.86
11.01
11.15
11.29
10.98
11.27
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------180
9.66
10.02
10.36
10.53
10.70
10.86
11.02
11.18
11.34
11.49
11.65
11.80
11.95
11.62
11.92
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------185
10.21
10.58
10.95
11.12
11.30
11.47
11.64
11.81
11.98
12.14
12.30
12.46
12.62
12.27
12.59
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------190
10.76
11.16
11.54
11.73
11.92
12.10
12.28
12.46
12.63
12.81
12.98
13.15
13.31
12.94
13.28
================================================================================================================================
NOTA : Tractiunea orizontala in conductor la avarie
6.03 daN/mm2

Anexa 5

Raport cu incidentele produse n reelele


de distribuie de medie tensiune, n 2011

3LI - I 165 2012

265

Raport incidente 01.01.2011 31.12.2011


Cod
grupa

Cod
cauza

1
12
13
2
21
22
3
31
32
33
35
4
41
42
43
44
45
6
62
63
65
66
67
68
69
7
71
72
8
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
89
810
811
9
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
10
100

Cauza
Deficiente in conceptia si proiectarea instalatiilor
Alegerea de echipament sau material subdimensionat sau necorespunzator conditiilor reale de funct.
Stabilirea incorecta prin proiect a unor valori de reglaj pentru inst. de protectii si automatizari
Deficiente in fabricatia echipamentelor
Utilizarea necorespunzatoare a materialelor sau subans.,nerespectarea la executia in fabrica a docum.si tehnologiei,etc.
Altele
Deficiente de constructie-montaj a instalatiilor
Nerespectarea documentatiei de constructie-montaj,a tehnologiilor sau reglementarilor
Neterminarea lucrarilor de constructie-montaj si executarea unor lucrari provizorii
Transport,manipulare sau conservare necorespunzatoare
Altele
Calitatea necorespunzatoare a materialului
Defecte de fabricatie
Uzura tehnica a materialului cu epuizarea duratei de functionare,in cazul mat.cu durata de funct.limitata prevazuta prin proiect
Uzura tehnica a materialului in conditii normale de functionare
Uzura tehnica a materialului pentru care nu este stabilita durata de functionare proiectata
Altele
Solicitari peste limite pentru care au fost dimensionate instalatiile datorate unor factori externi intamplatori
Poluarea izolatiei electrice datorita mediului
Corodarea materialelor,echipamentelor datorita agresivitatii mediului
Supratensiuni electrice externe(atmosferica,atingere cu instalatii de tensiuni superioare)
Functionarea in regimuri nedorite impuse de factori externi
Deteriorari ca urmare a arcului electric, explozii, etc. la echipamente adiacente
Eroziune si cavitatie
Altele
Functionari incorecte ale echipamentelor informatice si de comunicatii
Deficiente ale echipamentelor informatice (hard, soft)
Deficiente ale echipamentelor si retelelor de telecomunicatii
Conditii meteorologice deosebite sau calamitati naturale
Vint puternic
Chiciura
Viscol
Descarcari atmosferice
Inundatii,viituri
Alunecari de teren
Infiltratii de apa
Polei
Inghet,zai
Altele
Cauze exterioare gestionarului de instalatii
Deficiente la consumatori, in instalatiile acestora sau la cladiri ce adapostesc instalatii ale furnizorului
Deficiente la alti gestionari de instalatii de distributie
Deficiente la al?i gestionari de instala?ii de producere sau transport
Actiuni externe asupra instalatiilor energetice(loviri sau atingeri de conductori si cabluri,ruperi de stilpi sau cabluri,obiecte cazute pe
inst.,etc)
Produse de vegeta?ie (c?deri de copaci, crengi luate de vnt, etc.)
Actiuni ale pasarilor
Actiuni ale animalelor mici
Furturi sau tentative de furturi
Altele
Cauze neidentificate (in situatia in care dupa analiza incidentului nu s-a putut identifica cauza)
Cauze neidentificate
Totale

Nr. incidente
Cu
Total
defectare

Durata incidentului
Cu
Total
defectare

Durata indisponibila
Cu
Total
defectare

Durata
medie

2
1
1
7
5
2
17
12
1
1
3
1096
33
34
1001
22
6
60
1
2
33
4
12
2
6
13
7
6
792
514
13
17
221
5
7
3
1
2
9
935
134
27
6

1
1
0
1
1
0
12
8
1
1
2
964
30
30
884
17
3
47
1
2
32
2
3
1
6
3
3
0
485
308
5
10
149
3
3
3
0
2
2
301
13
0
0

18h 19'
18h 15'
18h 15'
11h 8'
0h 4'
0h 4'
38h 5'
10h 42'
10h 42'
10h 42'
10h 42'
2983h 40'
0h 26'
0h 26'
0h 26'
0h 26'
0h 26'
161h 5'
32h 23'
32h 23'
32h 23'
32h 23'
32h 23'
32h 23'
32h 23'
9h 29'
4h 5'
4h 5'
3723h 24'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
2841h 38'
1h 15'
1h 15'
1h 15'

18h 15'
18h 15'
18h 15'
1h 22'
0h 0'
0h 0'
28h 48'
1h 22'
1h 22'
1h 22'
1h 22'
2635h 57'
0h 0'
0h 0'
0h 0'
0h 0'
0h 0'
142h 47'
23h 21'
23h 21'
23h 21'
23h 21'
23h 21'
23h 21'
23h 21'
1h 59'
4h 5'
4h 5'
2634h 29'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
1395h 54'
1h 0'
1h 0'
1h 0'

18h 19'
18h 15'
18h 15'
403h 11'
0h 4'
0h 4'
1226h 7'
45h 16'
45h 16'
45h 16'
45h 16'
13047h 59'
357h 55'
357h 55'
357h 55'
357h 55'
357h 55'
352h 54'
792h 58'
792h 58'
792h 58'
792h 58'
792h 58'
792h 58'
792h 58'
69h 11'
4h 5'
4h 5'
9790h 2'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
10864h 10'
186h 17'
186h 17'
186h 17'

18h 15'
18h 15'
18h 15'
26h 56'
0h 0'
0h 0'
468h 56'
26h 56'
26h 56'
26h 56'
26h 56'
11906h 58'
0h 0'
0h 0'
0h 0'
0h 0'
0h 0'
331h 12'
50h 2'
50h 2'
50h 2'
50h 2'
50h 2'
50h 2'
50h 2'
38h 34'
4h 5'
4h 5'
7943h 0'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
242h 47'
6316h 0'
172h 2'
172h 2'
172h 2'

9h 9'
18h 15'
18h 15'
1h 35'
0h 4'
0h 4'
2h 14'
2h 8'
2h 8'
2h 8'
2h 8'
2h 43'
0h 13'
0h 13'
0h 13'
0h 13'
0h 13'
2h 41'
2h 41'
2h 41'
2h 41'
2h 41'
2h 41'
2h 41'
2h 41'
0h 43'
4h 5'
4h 5'
4h 42'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
0h 22'
3h 2'
0h 25'
0h 25'
0h 25'

165
370
162
4
16
51
130
130
3052

91
135
40
1
8
13
2
2
1816

1h 15'
1h 15'
1h 15'
1h 15'
1h 15'
1h 15'
198h 15'
147h 43'
9985h 3'

1h 0'
1h 0'
1h 0'
1h 0'
1h 0'
1h 0'
3h 12'
144h 55'
6862h 43'

186h 17'
186h 17'
186h 17'
186h 17'
186h 17'
186h 17'
1085h 3'
736h 55'
36856h 56'

172h 2'
172h 2'
172h 2'
172h 2'
172h 2'
172h 2'
107h 29'
691h 18'
27157h 20'

0h 25'
0h 25'
0h 25'
0h 25'
0h 25'
0h 25'
1h 31'
4h 28'
3h 16'