Sunteți pe pagina 1din 119
Luis-Fabiano Santos, Global Product Manager, Substation Automation Systems Global sales program Protection applications

Luis-Fabiano Santos, Global Product Manager, Substation Automation Systems

Global sales program Protection applications and system solutions

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 1

Systems Global sales program Protection applications and system solutions © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |

Bay protection solutions

Protection applications and system solutions

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 2

Content

Fundamental aspects

Physical arrangements

Line protection concepts

Transformer protection concepts

Busbar protection concepts

Communication and GOOSE in protection systems

Trends and potentials

Application example

Disturbance recorder

Retrofit of protection systems

Marketing and sales

Competitors in protection field

Disturbance recorder  Retrofit of protection systems  Marketing and sales  Competitors in protection field
Bay protection solutions Fundamental aspects

Bay protection solutions

Fundamental aspects

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 3

Bay protection solutions Fundamental aspects © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 3

Bay protection solutions

The basic principles

The failure of any object in the network cannot be allowed to cause a permanent danger to people, animals, nature or other objects

The damage to the faulted object shall be limited

The disturbance on consumer-level shall be kept to a minimum

The protection system must present:

Selectivity

Speed

Reliability

Dependability

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 4

system must present:  Selectivity  Speed  Reliability  Dependability © ABB Group July 26,
system must present:  Selectivity  Speed  Reliability  Dependability © ABB Group July 26,

Bay protection solutions

The need for protection

Bay protection solutions The need for protection © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 5

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 5

Bay protection solutions The need for protection © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 5

Bay protection solutions

The need for protection

Bay protection solutions The need for protection 35ms 100ms 500ms © ABB Group July 26, 2012

35ms

Bay protection solutions The need for protection 35ms 100ms 500ms © ABB Group July 26, 2012

100ms

Bay protection solutions The need for protection 35ms 100ms 500ms © ABB Group July 26, 2012

500ms

Bay protection solutions The need for protection 35ms 100ms 500ms © ABB Group July 26, 2012

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 6

Bay protection solutions The need for protection 35ms 100ms 500ms © ABB Group July 26, 2012

Bay protection solutions

Electromechanical relays

The first generation

Bay protection solutions Electromechanical relays  The first generation © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 7

Bay protection solutions Electromechanical relays  The first generation © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |
Bay protection solutions Electromechanical relays  The first generation © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |

Bay protection solutions

Electronic (static) relays

The second generation

Bay protection solutions Electronic (static) relays  The second generation © ABB Group July 26, 2012

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 8

Bay protection solutions Electronic (static) relays  The second generation © ABB Group July 26, 2012
Bay protection solutions Electronic (static) relays  The second generation © ABB Group July 26, 2012

Bay protection solutions

Micro-processed relays

Bay protection solutions Micro-processed relays © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 9

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 9

Bay protection solutions Micro-processed relays © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 9
Bay protection solutions Micro-processed relays © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 9

Bay protection solutions

Numerical relays

Tecnology based on microprocessors

High reliability

Self-supervision (watch-dog)

Multi-function protection capability, including control, monitoring, etc.

Event and fault recorders

Disturbance recorders

Measurement A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.

Communication interfaces

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 10

A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.  Communication interfaces © ABB Group
A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.  Communication interfaces © ABB Group
A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.  Communication interfaces © ABB Group
A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.  Communication interfaces © ABB Group
A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.  Communication interfaces © ABB Group
A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.  Communication interfaces © ABB Group
A, V, kW, kVA, kVAr, kWh, kVAh, kVArh, PF, etc.  Communication interfaces © ABB Group

Bay protection solutions

IED Intelligent Electronic Devices

IEC 61850 compliant

Designed to communicate

Extensive function library and powerful hardware

platform

Fast and reliable Ethernet communication

Efficient engineering and handling

Fast and reliable Ethernet communication  Efficient engineering and handling © ABB Group July 26, 2012

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 11

Fast and reliable Ethernet communication  Efficient engineering and handling © ABB Group July 26, 2012
Fast and reliable Ethernet communication  Efficient engineering and handling © ABB Group July 26, 2012
Fast and reliable Ethernet communication  Efficient engineering and handling © ABB Group July 26, 2012
Fast and reliable Ethernet communication  Efficient engineering and handling © ABB Group July 26, 2012
Fast and reliable Ethernet communication  Efficient engineering and handling © ABB Group July 26, 2012
Fast and reliable Ethernet communication  Efficient engineering and handling © ABB Group July 26, 2012

Bay protection solutions

Standards and functional descriptions

IEC 61850

ANSI

Function description

IEC 61850

ANSI

Function description

T2WPDIF

87T

Transformer differential protection, two windings

PDIF

87L

Line differential protection

T3WPDIF

87T

Transformer differential protection, three windings

PDIF

87B

Busbar differential protection

REFPDIF

87N

Restricted earth fault protection, low impedance

PDIF

87G

Generator differential protection

PHPIOC

50

Instantaneous phase overcurrent protection

PDIF

87M

Motor (machine) differential protection

OC4PTOC

51/67

Four step directional phase overcurrent protection

PDIS

21

Distance protection

EFPIOC

50N

Instantaneous residual overcurrent protection

RPSB

68

Power swing detection

EF4PTOC

51N/67N

Four step directional residual overcurrent protection

PPAM

78

Out-of-step protection

RBRF

50BF

Breaker failure protection

PTUC

37

Undercurrent protection

PTUV

27

Undervoltage protection

PTTR

49

Thermal overload protection

PTOV

59

Overvoltage protection

PTOC

46

Negative sequence based overcurrent function

PTOV

59N

Residual overvoltage protection

RSYN

25

Synchrocheck, energizing check, and synchronizing

PTUF

81

(U)

Underfrequency

RREC

79

Autoreclose

PTOF

81

(O)

Overfrequency

PTRC

94

Tripping logic

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 12

Autoreclose PTOF 81 (O) Overfrequency PTRC 94 Tripping logic © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |

Bay protection solutions

Examples of functionalities

Bay protection solutions Examples of functionalities © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 13

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 13

Bay protection solutions Examples of functionalities © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 13
Bay protection solutions Examples of functionalities © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 13

Bay protection solutions

Protection requirements

87B 87B 87T BU BU BU 87T 21 21 87L 87L
87B
87B
87T
BU
BU
BU
87T
21
21
87L
87L

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 14

Traditional protection requirements

Fast clearance of faults

Reliable fault isolation

Avoid heavy damages to primary and secondary equipment

Prevent cascading trips & keep power losses

small

Maintain maximum power availability

Reliable protections schemes to achieve

maximum security

New additional requirements

Optimized, pre-designed protection solutions

from distribution to EHV

Flexible realization of protection philosophy and schemes

Scalable hardware and functionality

Fully modeled schemes according IEC 61850 and efficient integration into IEC 61850- compliant systems

Convenient selection, simple ordering and fast delivery

and efficient integration into IEC 61850- compliant systems  Convenient selection, simple ordering and fast delivery

Bay protection solutions

Protection requirements

87B 87B 87T BU BU BU 87T 21 21 87L 87L
87B
87B
87T
BU
BU
BU
87T
21
21
87L
87L

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 15

Typical applications

Generation, transmission, subtransmission

and distribution levels

Unit and/or non-unit protections

Time-graded protections as backup

Typical functions

87T (PDIF) : Transformer differential protection

87B (PDIF) : Busbar differential protection

21 (PDIS) : Line distance protection

87L (PDIF) : Line differential protection

: Busbar differential protection  21 (PDIS) : Line distance protection  87L (PDIF) : Line

Bay protection solutions

The protection must be adapted to

The network

solutions The protection must be adapted to The network Solidly earthed Neutral impedance Neutral grounding

Solidly earthed

Neutral impedance

Neutral grounding

Solidly, neutral impedance, resonant, isolated

Autoreclosure

3-pole, 1-pole single-pole tripping capability

Tripping time

Network stability, cable thermal capability

Out-of-step tripping/blocking

Network stability

Substation arrangement

Single bus, double bus, 1 ½ breaker

High resistive faults

Fire, sand-storms, fast-growing plants, desert,

rocky ground, snow

The object itself

Line, transformer, generator, reactor, etc.

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 16

ground, snow The object itself Line, transformer, generator, reactor, etc. © ABB Group July 26, 2012

Bay protection solutions

The protection must be adapted to

Transmission lines

The protection must be adapted to Transmission lines QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 Long overhead
QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2

Long overhead line

Phase selection, impedance reach,

Communication schemes

Short overhead line

Danger of overreach (POTT, blocking,

differential, communication links)

Cables

Inaccurate zero-sequence impedance (Differential, POTT)

Compensation devices

Series or parallel compensation

Parallel lines

Fault current reversal

Weak end Infeed

Echo logic

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 17

Parallel lines Fault current reversal Weak end Infeed Echo logic © ABB Group July 26, 2012

Bay protection solutions

The protection must be adapted to

Power transformers

The protection must be adapted to Power transformers QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 Number of windings Two
The protection must be adapted to Power transformers QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 Number of windings Two
QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2

Number of windings

Two or three

Bus arrangement

Single bus, double bus or 1 ½ breaker

Transformers with tertiary

Tertiary loaded or not loaded

Number of tanks

One 3-phase tank or one tank per phase (+ spare)

Tap-changer

Regulation range

Cooling

Forced ONAF or natural ONAN

Connection group

Zero-sequence current suppression

Neutral grounding

Max. allowed zero-sequence current, grounding transformers

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 18

Neutral grounding Max. allowed zero-sequence current, grounding transformers © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide

Bay protection solutions

The protection must be adapted to

Busbars

QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QA1 QA1 QA1
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QA1
QA1
QA1
QA1
QA1
QA1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI4
BI4
BI4
BI4
BI4
BI4
BU1
BU1
BU1
BI6
BI6
BI5
BI7
BI7
long
medium
short

Types of substations

Single bus, double bus or 1 ½ beaker

Operating principle

High/medium impedance, low impedance

Types of earthing

Solidly earthed, low imped., high imped., etc.

Security

Undervoltage release, overcurrent release

High speed operation

High impedance

Availability of CT cores

5P, TPX, Class X, ANSI ‘C’ Class.

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 19

High impedance Availability of CT cores 5P, TPX, Class X, ANSI ‘C’ Class. © ABB Group

Substation Automation Systems

Allocation of Functions

Station Bay Level Level
Station
Bay Level
Level

Process

Level

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 20

Level Process Level © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 20 Functional allocation  Station
Level Process Level © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 20 Functional allocation  Station
Level Process Level © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 20 Functional allocation  Station

Functional allocation

Station automation

Monitoring

Fault evaluation

Event and alarm viewing and acknowledgement

Remote communication for telecontrol and supervision

Protection

Control

Monitoring

Interlocking

Data acquisition

GIS or AIS switchgear

Instrument transformers

Power transformers

Surge arresters

Non-conventional transformers

 Instrument transformers  Power transformers  Surge arresters  Non-conventional transformers

Modern bay protection solutions

Requirements

Traditional protection requirements

Fast clearance of faults

Reliable fault isolation

Avoid heavy damage to primary and secondary equipment

Prevent cascading trips and minimizes power

losses

Maintain maximum power availability

Reliable protection schemes to achieve maximum security

New additional requirements

Optimized, standard protection solutions for applications from Distribution to EHV

Flexible realization of protection philosophy and schemes

Scalable hardware and functionality

Fully modeled schemes compliant with IEC

61850 for efficient integration into IEC 61850-

compliant systems

Convenient selection, simple ordering and fast

delivery

compliant systems  Convenient selection, simple ordering and fast delivery © ABB Group July 26, 2012

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 21

compliant systems  Convenient selection, simple ordering and fast delivery © ABB Group July 26, 2012

RESP07

Protection and control panel

©

©

ABB Group

ABB Group

July 26, 2012 | Slide 22

July 26, 2012 | Slide 22

ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 22 July 26, 2012 | Slide 22 The RESP

The RESP panel can be ordered to the following

specifications:

Size (variable width):

2000 x 800 x 800 / 1200 / 1600 mm

2200 x 800 x 800 / 1200 / 1600 mm

Protection class: IP54

Color: RAL 7032 or RAL 7035

Heating / thermostat / light

Hygrostat

Wiring of control, signal and VT circuits

1.5 or 2.5 mm 2

Wiring of CT circuits

2.5 or 4 mm 2

Wiring

PVC

Halogen-free

Wire markers

Spare terminal blocks

Any other panel type or panel requirement can be applied

on request

 Wire markers  Spare terminal blocks Any other panel type or panel requirement can be

Example

Bay protection solutions

M1 / Group 1

M2 / Group 2

Busbar

©

©

ABB Group

ABB Group

July 26, 2012 | Slide 23

July 26, 2012 | Slide 23

Bus coupler

Line

Line

Line

Transformer

Transformer

QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QB1 QB2 QA1 QA1 QA1
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QB1
QB2
QA1
QA1
QA1
QA1
QA1
QA1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI1
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI2
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI3
BI4
BI4
BI4
BI4
BI4
BI4
BU1
BU1
BU1
BI6
BI6
BI5
BI7
BI7
long
medium
short
BU1 BU1 BU1 BI6 BI6 BI5 BI7 BI7 long medium short Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution
BU1 BU1 BU1 BI6 BI6 BI5 BI7 BI7 long medium short Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution
BU1 BU1 BU1 BI6 BI6 BI5 BI7 BI7 long medium short Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution
BU1 BU1 BU1 BI6 BI6 BI5 BI7 BI7 long medium short Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution
BU1 BU1 BU1 BI6 BI6 BI5 BI7 BI7 long medium short Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution
BU1 BU1 BU1 BI6 BI6 BI5 BI7 BI7 long medium short Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution
BU1 BU1 BU1 BI6 BI6 BI5 BI7 BI7 long medium short Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution

Solution 1

Solution 2

Solution 3

Solution 4

Solution 5

Solution 6

Process connections

IEC61850-8-1

Panel Interconnections

Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution 3 Solution 4 Solution 5 Solution 6 Process connections IEC61850-8-1 Panel
Bay protection solutions Physical arrangements

Bay protection solutions

Physical arrangements

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 24

Bay protection solutions Physical arrangements © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 24

Bay protection solutions

Redundant scheme with main 1 and main 2

Battery 1 Battery 2 Trip, Trip, Fault-type 1) Fault-type 1) Main 1 AR Main 2
Battery 1
Battery 2
Trip,
Trip,
Fault-type 1)
Fault-type 1)
Main 1
AR
Main 2
1-or 3-pole
1-or 3-pole
trip allowed
trip allowed
1) Start and trip,
fault-type or
trip, fault-type
2) Alternatively,
block DEF for
1-pole AR
Trip 1
Position for DEF 2)
Close
Position, O-C-O, C-O
Trip 2
Position for DEF 2)

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 25

1 Position for DEF 2) Close Position, O-C-O, C-O Trip 2 Position for DEF 2) ©

Bay protection solutions

Scheme with main and backup (reduced redundancy)

Battery 1 Battery 2 Trip, Fault-type 1) Main 1 AR Backup 1-or 3-pole delayed trip
Battery 1
Battery 2
Trip,
Fault-type 1)
Main 1
AR
Backup
1-or 3-pole
delayed
trip allowed
3-pole trip delayed,
1) Start and
trip, fault-type
without AR
or trip, fault-
type
2) Alternatively,
Block DEF for
1-pole AR
Trip 1
Position for DEF 2)
Close
Position, O-C-O, C-O
Trip 2

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 26

DEF for 1-pole AR Trip 1 Position for DEF 2) Close Position, O-C-O, C-O Trip 2

Bay protection solutions

Scheme with main and stand-by (reduced redundancy)

Battery 1 Battery 2 Trip, Stand-by Backup Fault-type 1) Main AR Instantaneous Delayed 1-or 3-pole
Battery 1
Battery 2
Trip,
Stand-by
Backup
Fault-type 1)
Main
AR
Instantaneous
Delayed
1-or 3-pole
functions
functions
trip allowed
normally blocked,
released if Main is out
always active
of function
Main out of function
3-pole trip,
1) Start and
without AR
trip, fault-type
or trip, fault-
type
2) Alternatively,
Block DEF for
1-pole AR
Trip 1
Position for DEF 2)
Close
Position, O-C-O, C-O
Trip 2

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 27

DEF for 1-pole AR Trip 1 Position for DEF 2) Close Position, O-C-O, C-O Trip 2

Bay protection solutions

Physical arrangements for P&C panels

Main 1 TRIP
Main 1
TRIP
Arrangement 1 Main 2 TRIP
Arrangement 1
Main 2
TRIP
Control TRIP
Control
TRIP
Arrangement 2 Main 1 Main 2 Control TRIP TRIP
Arrangement 2
Main 1
Main 2
Control
TRIP
TRIP
Arrangement 3 Main 1 Control Main 2 TRIP TRIP
Arrangement 3
Main 1
Control
Main 2
TRIP
TRIP
Arrangement 4 Main 1 Main 2 Control TRIP
Arrangement 4
Main 1
Main 2
Control
TRIP
Arrangement 5 Main2 / Main 1 Control TRIP TRIP
Arrangement 5
Main2 /
Main 1
Control
TRIP
TRIP

Integration of protection and control in the same IED

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 28

Arrangement 6 Main 1 Main 2 / Control TRIP
Arrangement 6
Main 1
Main 2 /
Control
TRIP
Arrangement 7 Main 1 Main 2 Control 1 Control 2 TRIP TRIP
Arrangement 7
Main 1
Main 2
Control 1
Control 2
TRIP
TRIP

Redundant control

Arrangement 8 Main 1 / Control 1 Main 2 / Control 2 TRIP TRIP
Arrangement 8
Main 1 /
Control 1
Main 2 /
Control 2
TRIP
TRIP

Redundant control integrated with protection

control Arrangement 8 Main 1 / Control 1 Main 2 / Control 2 TRIP TRIP Redundant

Bay protection solutions

Centralized busbar protection

=QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QB9 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB9
=QB9
=QC9
=QC9
=Q1
=Q2
=Q3
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
BBP
Main 2
Main 2
Main 2
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 29

Bay protection solutions

Distributed busbar protection

=QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QB9 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB9
=QB9
=QC9
=QC9
=Q1
=Q2
=Q3
Central
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Unit
Main 2
Main 2
Main 2
Bay
Unit
Bay Unit
Bay
Unit
Bay Unit
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 30

2 Main 2 Main 2 Bay Unit Bay Unit Bay Unit Bay Unit TRIP TRIP TRIP

Bay protection solutions

Busbar bay unit with main 2 functionality

Central Main 1 Main 1 Main 1 Unit Main 2 Main 2 Main 2 Bay
Central
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Unit
Main 2
Main 2
Main 2
Bay
Unit
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
Central Main 1 Main 1 Main 1 Unit Main 2 / Main 2 / Main
Central
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Unit
Main 2 /
Main 2 /
Main 2 /
Bay Unit
Bay
Unit
Bay
Unit
Bay
Unit
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 31

2 / Main 2 / Bay Unit Bay Unit Bay Unit Bay Unit TRIP TRIP TRIP

Bay protection solutions

Distributed busbar protection: main 1 + main + control

87B REB500 Central Unit TRIP © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 32
87B
REB500
Central Unit
TRIP
© ABB Group
July 26, 2012 | Slide 32
=QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QB9 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB9
=QB9
=QC9
=QC9
=Q1
=Q2
=Q3
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Main 2
Main 2
Main 2
Main 2
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Control
Control
Control
Control
REC670
REC670
REC670
REC670
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
REB500
REB500
REB500
REB500
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP

Bay protection solutions

Distributed busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 + control

87B REB500Sys Central Unit TRIP © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 33
87B
REB500Sys
Central Unit
TRIP
© ABB Group
July 26, 2012 | Slide 33
=QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QB9 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB9
=QB9
=QC9
=QC9
=Q1
=Q2
=Q3
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Main 2 / BU
Main 2 / BU
Main 2 / BU
Main 2 / BU
REB500
REB500
REB500
REB500
Control
Control
Control
Control
REC670
REC670
REC670
REC670
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP

Bay protection solutions

Centralized busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 + control

87B REB670 TRIP © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 34
87B
REB670
TRIP
© ABB Group
July 26, 2012 | Slide 34
=QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QB9 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB9
=QB9
=QC9
=QC9
=Q1
=Q2
=Q3
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Main 2
Main 2
Main 2
Main 2
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Control
Control
Control
Control
REC670
REC670
REC670
REC670
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP

Bay protection solutions

Distributed busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 & control

87B REB500 Central Unit TRIP © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 35
87B
REB500
Central Unit
TRIP
© ABB Group
July 26, 2012 | Slide 35
=QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QB9 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB9
=QB9
=QC9
=QC9
=Q1
=Q2
=Q3
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Main 2 & C
Main 2 & C
Main 2 & C
Main 2 & C
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
Bay Unit
REB500
REB500
REB500
REB500
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP

Bay protection solutions

Centralized busbar protection: main 1 + main 2 & control

87B REB670 TRIP © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 36
87B
REB670
TRIP
© ABB Group
July 26, 2012 | Slide 36
=QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QA1 =QB9 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QA1
=QB9
=QB9
=QC9
=QC9
=Q1
=Q2
=Q3
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
Main 1
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
Main 2 & C
Main 2 & C
Main 2 & C
Main 2 & C
REL670
REL670
RET670
REL670
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
TRIP
Bay protection solutions Line protection concepts

Bay protection solutions

Line protection concepts

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 37

Bay protection solutions Line protection concepts © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 37

Bay protection solutions

Line protection

Line differential protection

Line distance protection

Series

compensation

Fault A I I B A B 87L 87L
Fault
A
I
I
B
A
B
87L
87L
Z K = U k / I k U k Fault Z k U k
Z K = U k / I k
U k
Fault
Z k
U k =0
A
B
I K
21

Phase-Phase Loop

Z

m

I

ph

1

I

ph

2

E ph

1

E

ph

2

Phase-to-Earth Loop

2 E ph 1  E ph 2 Phase-to-Earth Loop Z  m I ph 1

Z

m

I ph

1

E ph 1

K 3 I

N

0

K

N

Z 3 Z Z

0

1

1

A 21 K C = X C / X L
A
21 K C = X C / X L

Cartesian plan

Distance quadrilateral

Distance mho

X Z Z2 Z Z1 R
X
Z Z2
Z Z1
R
Idiff Operate Restraint Irest
Idiff
Operate
Restraint
Irest
I  I  I diff A B I  I I  A B
I
I  I
diff
A
B
I
I
I
A
B
rest
2
 I  I diff A B I  I I  A B rest 2
X Z Z2 Z Z1 -rca R
X
Z
Z2
Z
Z1
-rca
R

Protection

Full scheme

Phase selection

Power swing

Teleprotection

X Z Z2 Z Z1 -rca R
X
Z
Z2
Z
Z1
-rca
R

Protection

Full scheme

Phase selection

Power swing

Teleprotection

Characteristics:

Excellent tripping time <25 ms

Completely phase segregated measurement

Extremely stable for external faults

Very good sensitivity for internal faults

Flexible communication configuration

Low CT requirements, and different CT ratio

Dual slope stabilization

Minimum operate current 10-150% Transfer trip can be sent to all terminals

Characteristics:

Possible to set resistive and reactive reach independently for positive and zero sequence fault

loops

Possible to set individual fault resistance settings for phase-phase and phase-earth fault together

Load encroachment algorithm improves the probability of detecting high resistive faults without conflicting with the load impedance

Characteristics:

The use of load a encroachment algorithm improves the probability of detecting high resistive faults without

conflicting with the load impedance

Possible to use the phase-to-earth quadrilateral impedance characteristic together with the mho characteristic increases the probability of overcoming potential desensitization of the mho element due to the shaping of the curve at remote end faults.

Benefits:

Increase power transfer

Increase stability limit

etc.

Challenges:

Current inversion

Voltage Inversion

Transients (SC, MOV, Spark Gap) etc.

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 38

inversion  Voltage Inversion  Transients (SC, MOV, Spark Gap)  etc. © ABB Group July

Bay protection solutions

The need for teleprotection schemes

Zone 2

Zone 1

Zone 1
Busbar A Busbar B t = 0 ms t = 300 ms Zone 1
Busbar A
Busbar B
t = 0 ms
t = 300 ms
Zone 1

Zone 2

Zone 2
X Z Z2 B Z Z1 A R © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |
X
Z Z2
B
Z Z1
A
R
© ABB Group
July 26, 2012 | Slide 39

Line distance protection

Typical impedance settings:

Zone 1 = 80% of ZL

Zone 2 = 120% of ZL

Typical time settings:

Time Zone 1 = 0 ms (instantaneous)

Time Zone 2 = 300 400 ms (time delayed)

X Z Z2 A Z Z1 B R
X
Z Z2
A
Z Z1
B
R

Bay protection solutions

Permissive schemes

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 40

Underreach Overreach
Underreach
Overreach
© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 40 Underreach Overreach The permission is sent by
© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 40 Underreach Overreach The permission is sent by

The permission is sent by

underreach zone

Permissive

Permission to trip, instantaneously

is sent by underreach zone Permissive Permission to trip, instantaneously The permission is sent by overreach

The permission is sent by overreach zone

is sent by underreach zone Permissive Permission to trip, instantaneously The permission is sent by overreach

Bay protection solutions

Permissive underreach

Zone 2

Zone 1

Zone 1
Busbar A Busbar B send receive Telecom & Zone 1 Zone 2 t TRIP TRIP
Busbar A
Busbar B
send
receive
Telecom
&
Zone 1
Zone 2
t
TRIP
TRIP
Zone 2
t
1
Zone 1
Zone 3
t
Zone 3
t

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 41

& Zone 1 Zone 2 t TRIP TRIP Zone 2 t 1 Zone 1 Zone 3

Bay protection solutions

Line differential protection

Busbar A Busbar B I Telecom Comm Comm I A B TRIP I  I
Busbar A
Busbar B
I
Telecom
Comm
Comm
I
A
B
TRIP
I
I  I
TRIP
I
I  I
Idiff
diff
A
B
diff
A
B
Idiff
Operate
Operate
I
I
I
I
I
A
B
I
A
B
Restraint
rest
2
rest
2
Restraint
Irest
Irest

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 42

I I  A B I  A B Restraint rest 2 rest 2 Restraint Irest

Bay protection solutions

Typical functionality (1)

=QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QB9 =QC9 =Q1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QB9
=QC9
=Q1

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 43

Line protection

 

Protection concept

Main functions

Group 1

Group 2

Backup

Short line/cables (<30 km)

     

Longitudinal per phase differential protection

 

Thermal overload (for cables only)

 

Medium line

     

Longitudinal per phase differential protection

   

Distance protection with associated functions

 

Directional earth-fault protection with communication logic

 

 

Long line

     

Distance protection with associated functions

 

High-speed zone

     

Directional earth-fault protection with communication logic

 
zone       Directional earth-fault protection with communication logic • •  

Bay protection solutions

Typical functionality (2)

=QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =QB9 =QC9 =Q1
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=QB9
=QC9
=Q1

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 44

Line protection

 

Protection concept

Main functions

Group 1

Group 2

Backup

Common functions

     

Zone extension in distance protection

 

Fault locator

 

Definite time phase O/C protection

 

Inverse time phase O/C protection

 

Broken conductor check function

 

E/F overcurrent backup protection

 

Autoreclose (1/3 phase )

 

Synchrocheck with voltage selection for double busbar

 

Overvoltage function

 

Disturbance recorder (basic)

 

Event recording

 

Trip circuit supervision relays

 
• •   Event recording • •   Trip circuit supervision relays • •  

Relion ® product family

Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 45  One common
Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 45  One common
Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 45  One common
Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 45  One common

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 45

One common tool for all Relion ® products, protection and control IED manager PCM600

Covers all applications, from interconnected transmission grids to secondary distribution kiosks

Generation, transmission and subtransmission applications

Power distribution and industrial applications

Application

Type

670 series

650 series

630 series

615 series

610 series

605 series

Feeder protection & control

REF

     

● ●

Bay control

REC

       

Transformer protection

RET

 

● ●

   

Line distance protection

REL

       

Line differential protection

RED

   

   

Motor protection

REM

     

● ●

 

Generator protection

REG

       

Busbar protection

REB

       

Breaker protection

REQ

 

       

Voltage protection

REU

       

 
REQ   ●         Voltage protection REU         ●  

Line distance protection

REL670 and REL650

REL670

Line distance protection REL670 and REL650 REL670 R E L 6 5 0 © ABB Group

REL650

protection REL670 and REL650 REL670 R E L 6 5 0 © ABB Group July 26,

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 46

Full scheme distance protection with 5

zones, supporting series compensation

Versatile backup protection

Autoreclose and synchrocheck

Scheme communication

Selective single-phase and three-phase tripping

IEC 61850-8-1, DNP 3.0, IEC 60870-5-

103, LON and SPA protocols

Full scheme distance protection with 5 zones

Versatile backup protection

Autoreclose and synchrocheck

Scheme communication

Single-phase and three-phase tripping

IEC 61850-8-1, DNP 3.0 protocols

Quadrilateral and mho characteristics

X Z Z2 Z Z1 -rca R
X
Z
Z2
Z
Z1
-rca
R
X Z Z2 Z Z1 -rca R
X
Z
Z2
Z
Z1
-rca
R

Application example

110 kV

110 kV 400 kV
110 kV
400 kV
and mho characteristics X Z Z2 Z Z1 -rca R X Z Z2 Z Z1 -rca

Line differential protection

RED670

RED670

Line differential protection RED670 RED670  Phase-segregated differential protection for 2- terminal and

Phase-segregated differential protection for 2-

terminal and multi-terminal lines for up to 5 line ends

Direct fiber-optic link between relays

(3 to 100 km)

With / without transformers in the protected zone

Binary signal transfer to remote end

Redundant communication possibility

GPS time synchronization in route switched networks

Dual CT inputs for enhanced through-fault

stability

Long lines with charging current compensation

Non-directional E/F over-current protection

Full scheme distance protection as back-up

Large library of backup functions

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 47

Full scheme distance protection as back-up  Large library of backup functions © ABB Group July
Full scheme distance protection as back-up  Large library of backup functions © ABB Group July
Full scheme distance protection as back-up  Large library of backup functions © ABB Group July

Feeder protection

REF630 and RED615

REF630

Feeder protection REF630 and RED615 REF630 RED615  Full scheme distance protection with 3 zones 

RED615

Feeder protection REF630 and RED615 REF630 RED615  Full scheme distance protection with 3 zones 

Full scheme distance protection with 3

zones

Versatile backup protection

Autoreclose and synchrocheck

Three-phase tripping

IEC 61850-8-1, DNP 3.0 protocols

Phase segregated line differential protection with two stages

Three-phase non-directional overcurrent,

directional/non-directional earth fault, BFP, thermal, autoreclose as option

IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103,

Modbus

Binary signal transfer between the IEDs in

the substations (located apart from each

other)

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 48

Application example

=QB1 =QA1 =QB9 =QC9
=QB1
=QA1
=QB9
=QC9
from each other) © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 48 Application example =QB1 =QA1

=Q1

Application example

from each other) © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 48 Application example =QB1 =QA1
from each other) © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 48 Application example =QB1 =QA1

Bay protection solution

Transmission, medium Lines, differential/distance with AR

Feeder voltage level Functionality / protection concept Main 1 Option protection package Line bay single
Feeder
voltage level
Functionality /
protection concept
Main 1
Option
protection
package
Line bay single / double bus
IEC
ANSI
IEC
ANSI
PDIF
87L
RSYN
25
PDIS
21
RREC
79
BB I
PTOC
51/67N
PTOC
51/67
BB II
PIOC
50/50N
PTOV
59/59N
RPSB
78
PSOF
SOTF
QB1
QB2
PTRC
94
RDRE
95DR
GGIO
DTT
Main 2
Option
QA1
protection
package
IEC
ANSI
IEC
ANSI
PDIS
21,85
RSYN
25
PTOC
51/67N
RREC
79
BI 1
PTOC
51/67
PIOC
50/50N
BI 2
PTOV
59/59N
RPSB
78
PSOF
SOTF
BI 3
PTTR
49
PTRC
94
BI4
RDRE
95DR
GGIO
DTT
BU 1
Add on
package
Add on
busbar &
package
breaker failure
general
protection
IEC
ANSI
IEC
ANSI
PDIF
87B
27 TCS
RBRF
50/62BF
69 Latch
PTOC
51EFP
RDRE
95DR
PTRC
94

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 49

Relay hardware
Relay hardware

Main 1 RED670

16

binary inputs,

24

binary outputs,

6

analog voltage inputs

6

analog current inputs

1

C37.94 : 3 km 100 km

Main 2 REL670

16

binary inputs,

24

binary outputs,

6

analog voltage inputs

6

analog current inputs

1

C37.94 : 3 km 100 km

Bay unit REB500

16

binary inputs,

24

binary outputs,

6

analog voltage inputs

6

analog current inputs

Bay protection solution
Bay protection
solution
inputs, 24 binary outputs, 6 analog voltage inputs 6 analog current inputs Bay protection solution
inputs, 24 binary outputs, 6 analog voltage inputs 6 analog current inputs Bay protection solution

Bay protection solutions for transmission systems

Example for line protection

Line protection application

Transmission

Main protection functions

 

Typical hardware

Application

IED

ANSI

IEC61850

Physical

Communication

     

87L, 21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51, 59, 49, 79M, 79F, 25M, 25F

PDIF, PDIS, PDSE, PSCH, PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR, RREC, RSYN

¾

19” casing

 

Main 1

RED670

1xBIM, 1xBOM,

1xOEM-IEC61850

1xCB - 1pTrip

1xIOM,1xTRM

1xLDCM-C37.94

Short line

 

6I + 6U ( Default)

     

PDIF, PDIS, PDSE, PSCH, PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR, RREC,

RSYN

¾

19” casing

 
 

RED670

1xBIM, 1xBOM,

1xOEM-IEC61850

Main 2

1xCB - 1pTrip

87L, 21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51, 59, 49, 79M, 79F,

25M, 25F

1xIOM,1xTRM

6I + 6U ( Default)

1xLDCM-C37.94

       

PDIF, PDIS, PDSE, PSCH, PIOC, PTOC,

¾

19” casing

 

RED670

1xBIM, 1xBOM,

1xOEM-IEC61850

Main 1

1xCB - 1pTrip

87L, 21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51, 59, 49, 79M, 79F,

25M, 25F

PTOV, PTTR, RREC,

RSYN

1xIOM,1xTRM

6I + 6U ( Default)

1xLDCM-C37.94

Medium line

       

¾

19” casing

 

Main 2

REL670

QuadDist-1CB-1pTrip

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51, 59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,

PIOC, PTOC, PTOV,

PTTR, RREC, RSYN

1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xIOM,

1xTRM

6I + 6U (Default)

1xOEM-IEC61850

       

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH, PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR, RREC, RSYN

¾

19” casing

 

Main 1

REL670

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,

1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xIOM,

1xOEM-IEC61850

QuadDist-1CB-1pTrip

59, 49, 79, 25

 

1xTRM

Long line

 

6I + 6U (Default)

Main 2

REL670

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51, 59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,

¾

19” casing

1xBIM, 1xBOM, 1xIOM,

1xOEM-IEC61850

 

QuadDist-1CB-1pTrip

PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR, RREC, RSYN

 

1xTRM

 

6I + 6U (Default)

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 50

PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR, RREC, RSYN   1xTRM   6I + 6U (Default) © ABB Group

Bay protection solutions for subtransmission and distribution

Example for line protection

Transformer protection

Subtransmission and distribution

Main protection functions

 

Typical hardware

application

Application

IED

ANSI

IEC61850

 

Physical

Communication

         

4U 179.8mm casing,

 

87L, 50, 51, 49, 50/62BFP, 79

PDIF, PIOC, PTOC, PTTR, RBRF

 

1

PSM (6BO),

Main 1

RED615

1-CB, 3-pole trip

1 BIO (8BI,4BO),

1 BIO (6BI, 3BO),

1xIEC61850

Short / medium lines

   

1 TRM (4I + 1U, 3BI)

       

4U 179.8mm casing,

 
 

Backup

REF615

67N, 50, 51, 49

PIOC, PTOC, PTTR

 

1

PSM (6BO),

1xIEC61850

1-CB, 3-pole trip

1

BIO (8BI,4BO),

     

1 TRM (4I + 1U, 3BI)

         

4U ½ 19” casing,

 

Main 1

REF630

1-CB, 3-pole trip

21(3Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,

59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PSCH, PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR,

 

1 COM (14BI),

1 PSM (9BO),

1xIEC61850

RREC, RSYN

1 BIO (9BI, 9BO),

Medium / long lines

 

1

TRM (5I + 4U)

       

4U ½ 19” casing,

 
 

PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR

 

1 COM (14BI),

Backup

REF630

1-CB, 3-pole trip

67N, 50, 51, 49

1 PSM (9BO),

1 BIO (9BI, 9BO),

1xIEC61850

 

1 TRM (5I + 4U)

         

6U ½ 19” casing,

 

Main 1

REL650

1-CB, 3-pole trip

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51,

59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH, PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR, RREC, RSYN

 

1 COM (14BI),

1 PSM (9BO),

1xIEC61850

Long lines

BIO (9BI, 9BO), 1TRM 5I + 5U

2

       

6U ½ 19” casing,

 
 

Main 2

REL650

1-CB, 3-pole trip

21(5Z), 67N, 85, 50, 51, 59, 49, 79, 25

PDIS, PDSE, PSCH,

PIOC, PTOC, PTOV, PTTR, RREC, RSYN

 

1 COM (14BI),

1 PSM (9BO),

1xIEC61850

2

BIO (9BI, 9BO),

     

1TRM 5I + 5U

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 51

1xIEC61850 2 BIO (9BI, 9BO),       1TRM – 5I + 5U © ABB Group
Bay protection solutions Transformer protection concepts

Bay protection solutions

Transformer protection concepts

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 52

Bay protection solutions Transformer protection concepts © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 52

Bay protection solutions

Transformer protection

Typical functionality

Two- and three-winding applications

Stabilization of up to six inputs

Inrush current stabilization

Second harmonic

Waveform

Fifth harmonic stabilization at

overvoltage

Sensitivity influenced by tap changer position

Selectable subtraction of zero

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 53

sequence currents

by tap changer position  Selectable subtraction of zero © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |
by tap changer position  Selectable subtraction of zero © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |
by tap changer position  Selectable subtraction of zero © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |
by tap changer position  Selectable subtraction of zero © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |
by tap changer position  Selectable subtraction of zero © ABB Group July 26, 2012 |

Transformer protection and control

Simplified functional scheme

AIM NUM BOM Ia, Ib, Ic PDIF PTOC Trip PTOV Trip Block BO Ia, Ib,
AIM
NUM
BOM
Ia, Ib, Ic
PDIF
PTOC
Trip
PTOV
Trip
Block
BO
Ia, Ib, Ic
Ua, Ub, Uc
PTOC
PTOV
etc
BIM
increase, decrease tap
signals, alarms
1
BI
position
OLTC
A/D Conversion, Scaling with CT
and VT ratio & Pre-Filtering
DFF in Primary values

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 54

Conversion, Scaling with CT and VT ratio & Pre-Filtering DFF in Primary values © ABB Group

Typical functional allocation

Single and double bus stations

=QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =Q3
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=Q3

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 55

Two-winding transformer

 

Protection concept

Main functions

Group 1

Group 2

Backup

Biased differential protection

   

Phase overcurrent protection (primary and secondary)

   

Thermal overload (primary and/or secondary)

   

Restricted earth-fault, high impedance (primary)

 

 

Restricted earth-fault, high impedance (secondary star/star)

 

 

Overfluxing protection

 

 

Overvoltage protection

 

 

Overcurrent backup protection (primary and secondary)

 

 

Logic for Buchholz

 

 

Logic for winding, oil temperature, etc.

   
  Logic for Buchholz      Logic for winding, oil temperature, etc.     

Typical functional allocation

Single and double bus stations

=QB1 =QB1 =QA1 =Q3
=QB1
=QB1
=QA1
=Q3

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 56

Three-winding transformer

 

Protection concept

Main functions

Group 1

Group 2

Backup

Biased differential protection

   

Phase overcurrent protection (primary and secondary)

   

Thermal overload (primary and/or secondary)

   

Restricted earth-fault, high impedance (primary)

 

 

Restricted earth-fault, high impedance (secondary star/star)

 

 

Overfluxing protection

 

 

Overvoltage protection

 

 

Overcurrent backup protection (primary and secondary)

 

 

Tertiary neutral overcurrent protection (unloaded tertiary)

 

 

Logic for Buchholz

 

 

Logic for winding, oil temperature, etc.

   
  Logic for Buchholz      Logic for winding, oil temperature, etc.     

Relion ® product family

Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 57  One common
Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 57  One common
Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 57  One common
Relion ® product family © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 57  One common

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 57

One common tool for all Relion ® products, protection and control IED manager PCM600

Covers all applications, from interconnected transmission grids to secondary distribution kiosks

Generation, transmission and subtransmission applications

Power distribution and industrial applications

Application

Type

670 series

650 series

630 series

615 series

610 series

605 series

Feeder protection & control

REF

     

● ●

Bay control

REC

       

Transformer protection

RET

 

● ●

   

Line distance protection

REL

       

Line differential protection

RED

   

   

Motor protection

REM

     

● ●

 

Generator protection

REG

       

Busbar protection

REB

       

Breaker protection

REQ

 

       

Voltage protection

REU

       

 
REQ   ●         Voltage protection REU         ●  

Transformer protection

RET670 and RET650

RET670

Transformer protection RET670 and RET650 RET670 RET650  Fast and secure transformer differential protection function:

RET650

Transformer protection RET670 and RET650 RET670 RET650  Fast and secure transformer differential protection function:

Fast and secure transformer differential

protection function:

for 2-windings with 4-restraint inputs

for 3-windings with 6-restraint inputs

Low and/or high impedance restricted earth- fault protection.

Distance protection and backup protection

Automatic voltage control for up to eight transformers

Apparatus control for up to 30 objects

Transformer differential protection function

for 2-windings with 2-restraint inputs

for 3-windings with 3-restraint inputs

Low impedance restricted earth fault protection.

Integrated back-up protection

(OC, EF, OV, THOL, OVEX, etc.)

Automatic voltage control for one or two transformers within one IED

Universal 1A/5A CT input

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 58

Application examples for RET670

1A/5A CT input © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 58 Application examples for RET670
1A/5A CT input © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 58 Application examples for RET670
1A/5A CT input © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 58 Application examples for RET670

Application examples for RET650

1A/5A CT input © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 58 Application examples for RET670
1A/5A CT input © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 58 Application examples for RET670

Transformer protection

RET630 and RET615

RET630

Transformer protection RET630 and RET615 RET630 RET615  Two-winding transformer differential protection with

RET615

Transformer protection RET630 and RET615 RET630 RET615  Two-winding transformer differential protection with

Two-winding transformer differential

protection with stabilized restricted earth-

fault protection

Backup protection: non-directional overcurrent and non-directional earth-fault

Completed with negative sequence

overcurrent and thermal overload

protection, over and under-voltage protection

IEC 61850, DNP3.0

Three-phase stabilized and instantaneous transformer differential protection for two-

winding transformers

Numerical stabilized low impedance restricted earth-fault protection or high

impedance based restricted earth-fault

protection

Three-phase non-directional overcurrent,

non-directional earth fault, BFP, Thermal,

IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus

© ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59

Application example

IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application
IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application
IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application
IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application
IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application
IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application

Application example

IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application
IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 870-5-103, Modbus © ABB Group July 26, 2012 | Slide 59 Application

Bay protection solution

Transmission, 3w transformer

Feeder voltage level
Feeder
voltage level
Functionality / protection concept
Functionality /
protection concept
Trafo bay single / double bus BB I BB II QB1 QB2 QA1 BI 1
Trafo bay single / double bus
BB I
BB II
QB1
QB2
QA1
BI 1
BI 2
BI 3
BI4
BI5
BI6
BI7
BU 1
© ABB Group
July 26, 2012 | Slide 60

Group 1

protection

IEC

ANSI

PDIF

87T

PTOC

51/67

PIOC

50/50N

PTTR

49

PTRC

94

RDRE

95DR

GGIO

DTT

Group 2

protection

IEC

ANSI

PTOC

51/67N

PTOC

51/67

PIOC

50

PVPH

24

PTOV

59

PTRC

94

RDRE

95DR

GGIO

DTT

Add-on package

Busbar and

breaker failure

protection

IEC

ANSI

PDIF

87B

RBRF

50/62BF

PTOC

51EFP

RDRE

95DR

PTRC

94

Add-on package IEC ANSI GGIO Guard
Add-on package
IEC
ANSI
GGIO
Guard
Add-on package IEC ANSI PDIF HV 87N PDIF MV 87N GGIO Guard
Add-on package
IEC
ANSI
PDIF HV
87N
PDIF MV
87N
GGIO
Guard
Add-on package general IEC ANSI 27 TCS
Add-on package
general
IEC
ANSI
27 TCS
Relay hardware
Relay hardware

Group 1

16

binary inputs,

24

binary outputs,

3

analog voltage inputs

9

analog current inputs

Group 2

16

binary inputs,

24

binary outputs,

3