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Corrosion Resistant Properties

Corrosion Resistant Properties

ADDITIONAL DATA

1. Internal corrosion cannot occur in sealed closed structural as water is excluded and oxygen unreplenished. Only external surface needs protection.

2. RHS/SHS have a smooth continuous profile with non re-entrant corners which do not trap dirt and water. RHS/SHS do not require stripe coating as they have no edges and sharp corners.

INTERNAL CORROSION –Acase study

Two of the original 'Tubewrights' erected in 1954 at Stamford Bridge, Chelsea, were replaced in 1975, taken down and the used sections were cut and despatched to the Corby Works of British Steel for examination.

Sample No 1. Of the 139.7mm o.d. CHS was cut lengthwise to expose the internal surfaces for examination. Little evidence of internal corrosion was found other than a discolouration of the surface caused by the oxygen and moisture in the entrapped air; much of the original mill scale was still visible. A light rust in the centre of the sample developed after the tube was cut open for examination.

Sample No 2.

Of the 139.7mm o.d. CHS incorporating an intermediate flanged joint was

examined and the condition of the internal flange face, which had been enclosed and thus hermatically sealed by welding to the CHS, was still comparatively bright with the marking-off lines clearly visible.

The above report is from British Steel Publication No. TD 347/10E/91 titled – CORROSION THE CASE for STRUCTURALHOLLOW SECTIONS.

The following historical examples demonstrate that corrosion will not occur on internal surface of sealed hollow sections.

Certain of the examination referred to have also indicated that, even when weld seams are not perfectly sealed or small holes have been made in the section, traces of superficial rust only can be detected in the immediate neighbourhood of the appropriate welds or holes.

Sample 1
Sample 1

Sample 2

Application

Location

Comment

Period of service of sample (years)

Examination

Trolley

Pittsburg

At least 22,000 such poles were installed. Some 18,000 still in service today

40-50

Thicknesses of section walls still within original manufacturing tolerance

bus poles

USA

Lighting

Daylon,

No corrosion damage visible on any column in the series

59

Internal surfaces still bore original mill scale, No pitting of steel

Column

Ohio, USA

Davits of

 

Application subject to aggressive marine environment. Two davits donated for research when ship scrapped

37

No internal corrosion

ocean liner

SSAquitania

Roof trusses

Hiltrup,

Extremely aggressive industrial environment

9

No internal corrosion. Original mill scale visible

at pickling

Westphalia

plant

   
 

Italy

Tubular lattices available

25-30

No internal corrosion detected

The above table is reprinted from CIDECT publication 'The Hollow Section' No.6, 1982, and refers to case studies that demonstrate the non- occurrence of Internal Corrosion.

Conclusion: Hollow Sections that are sealed by the combination of end details and structural quality welding do not corrode internally.

146

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,
 

LOAD

                                           

41.33

SAFE Leff 8m SAFE

Ryy

                                           

238.10

 

LOAD

                                           

53.40

Leff 7m

Ryy

                                           

208.33

SAFE

LOAD

                                     

25.34

29.99

33.95

70.11

Leff 6m

Ryy

                                     

237.15

240.96

244.90

178.57

 

LOAD

                                     

35.37

42.15

48.52

96.76

SAFE Leff 5m SAFE

Ryy

                                     

197.63

200.80

204.08

137.81 148.81

 

LOAD

                               

23.39

28.02

31.81

52.91

63.20

72.64

 
 

Ryy

                               

203.05

206.19

210.53

158.10

100.93 160.64

116.54 163.27

202.80 119.05

 

LOAD

       

14.94

16.29

19.01

21.78

10.63

11.65

13.49

15.16

19.40

22.74

26.84

29.97

39.16

46.78

53.00

84.30

     

Leff 3m SAFE Leff 4m

Ryy

       

188.68

189.87

193.55

198.68

223.88

225.56

232.56

240.00

181.82

185.19

188.68

193.55

152.28

154.64

157.89

118.58

120.48

122.45

89.29

SAFE

LOAD

4.98

9.55

10.88

11.77

29.96

32.76

38.53

44.70

22.30

24.30

27.93

31.84

38.37

45.27

53.82

60.74

73.00

87.85

100.62

140.97

170.40

197.63

291.36

Leff 2m

Ryy

198.02

202.02

208.33

217.39

125.79

126.58

129.03

132.45

149.25

150.38

155.04

160.00

121.21

123.46

125.79

129.03

101.52

103.09

105.26

79.05

80.32

81.63

59.52

Ryy

10.10

9.90

9.60

9.20

15.90

15.80

15.50

15.10

13.40

13.30

12.90

12.50

16.50

16.20

15.90

15.50

19.70

19.40

19.00

25.30

24.90

24.50

33.60

AREA

174

346

413

495

476

525

635

767

470

519

628

758

580

701

855

1001

854

1047

1231

1232

1514

1785

2028

SHS SIZE

50X25X2

50X25X2.6

50X25X3.2

50X25X4

60X40X2.6

60X40X2.9

60X40X3.6

60X40X4.5

66X33X2.6

66X33X2.9

66X33X3.6

66X33X4.5

80X40X2.6

80X40X3.2

80X40X4

80X40X4.8

96X48X3.2

96X48X4

96X48X4.8

122X61X3.6

122X61X4.5

122X61X5.4

145X82X4.8

147

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

148

SAFE

LOAD

76.72

103.58

113.92

119.10

144.87

168.30

210.68

233.82

287.08

337.47

432.42

193.09

235.90

275.51

351.35

562.23

728.68

884.79

1030.50

483.33

623.56

753.43

872.86

717.12

934.07

1140.09

1335.11

Leff 6m

Ryy

180.18

157.07

158.31

141.84

143.20

144.93

148.15

102.74

103.45

104.35

106.01

117.42

118.34

119.52

121.70

81.08

82.08

83.10

84.15

94.49

95.85

97.24

98.68

72.38

73.17

73.98

74.81

SAFE

LOAD

106.05

141.50

155.95

157.89

191.91

223.50

282.80

291.76

358.41

421.61

540.97

248.59

304.62

357.17

456.91

663.90

863.12

1051.44

1228.77

593.18

767.33

930.64

1082.64

821.40

1072.71

1312.89

1541.85

Leff 5m

Ryy

150.15

130.89

131.93

118.20

119.33

120.77

123.46

85.62

86.21

86.96

88.34

97.85

98.62

99.60

101.42

67.57

68.40

69.25

70.13

78.74

79.87

81.04

82.24

60.31

60.98

61.65

62.34

SAFE

LOAD

151.23

196.09

216.60

214.64

262.16

306.23

387.46

361.47

445.14

525.29

678.02

320.74

393.96

463.33

594.82

763.13

995.45

1216.87

1427.28

715.14

929.76

1132.61

1323.55

916.89

1200.99

1474.45

1737.13

Leff 4m

Ryy

120.12

104.71

105.54

94.56

95.47

96.62

98.77

68.49

68.97

69.57

70.67

78.28

78.90

79.68

81.14

54.05

54.72

55.40

56.10

62.99

63.90

64.83

65.79

48.25

48.78

49.32

49.88

SAFE

LOAD

223.50

274.52

303.83

290.59

356.21

418.04

533.75

430.35

531.16

628.60

815.77

401.84

495.33

585.24

756.65

849.00

1110.35

1361.01

1600.82

827.67

1081.20

1323.64

1554.86

993.72

1304.14

1604.27

1893.93

Leff 3m

Ryy

90.09

78.53

79.16

70.92

71.60

72.46

74.07

51.37

51.72

52.17

53.00

58.71

59.17

59.76

60.85

40.54

41.04

41.55

42.08

47.24

47.92

48.62

49.34

36.19

36.59

36.99

37.41

SAFE

LOAD

322.98

366.27

407.15

367.80

452.97

534.81

690.75

483.34

597.75

709.20

924.70

471.13

582.39

690.61

898.65

905.15

1186.92

1458.82

1720.66

912.06

1194.77

1466.92

1728.34

1042.74

1370.32

1688.00

1995.59

Leff 2m

Ryy

60.06

52.36

52.77

47.28

47.73

48.31

49.38

34.25

34.48

34.78

35.34

39.14

39.45

39.84

40.57

27.03

27.36

27.70

28.05

31.50

31.95

32.41

32.89

24.13

24.39

24.66

24.94

Ryy

33.30

38.20

37.90

42.30

41.90

41.40

40.50

58.40

58.00

57.50

56.60

51.10

50.70

50.20

49.30

74.00

73.10

72.20

71.30

63.50

62.60

61.70

60.80

82.90

82.00

81.10

80.20

AREA

2260

2383

2659

2295

2836

3363

4379

2775

3436

4083

5339

2775

3436

4083

5339

5043

6619

8143

9614

5163

6779

8343

9854

5763

7579

9343

11054

SHS SIZE

145X82X5.4

172X92X4.8

172X92X5.4

200X100X4

200X100X5

200X100X6

200X100X8

220X140X4

220X140X5

220X140X6

220X140X8

240X120X4

240X120X5

240X120X6

240X120X8

260X180X6

260X180X8

260X180X10

260X180X12

300X150X6

300X150X8

300X150X10

300X150X12

300X200X6

300X200X8

300X200X10

300X200X12

NOTE: 1) SAFE LOADS CALCULATED FOR L/RYY UPTO 250. 2) SAFE LOADS ARE CALCULATED CONSIDERING UNSUPPORTED ABOUT MINOR AXIS

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE RHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

SAFE

LOAD

             

74.66

91.47

107.22

135.59

58.37

71.00

82.44

103.14

207.44

266.99

321.80

371.86

161.64

206.71

247.40

283.69

289.01

372.85

450.53

522.02

Leff 12m

Ryy

             

205.48

206.90

208.70

212.01

234.83

236.69

239.04

243.41

162.16

164.16

166.20

168.30

188.98

191.69

194.49

197.37

144.75

146.34

147.97

149.63

SAFE

LOAD

     

47.55

57.48

66.22

68.12

104.08

127.25

148.76

188.62

81.28

99.05

115.30

146.46

284.45

365.64

440.11

508.09

223.35

285.58

343.48

396.23

383.59

497.44

604.37

704.34

Leff 10m

Ryy

     

236.41

238.66

241.55

246.91

171.23

172.41

173.91

176.68

195.69

197.24

199.20

202.84

135.14

136.80

138.50

140.25

157.48

159.74

162.07

164.47

120.63

121.95

123.30

124.69

SAFE

LOAD

 

49.76

54.53

57.77

69.65

79.98

99.74

124.72

152.61

178.59

226.88

98.65

120.24

139.99

177.43

332.16

429.02

519.05

602.23

268.27

343.95

412.81

474.81

452.02

585.43

710.31

826.62

Leff 9m

Ryy

 

235.60

237.47

212.77

214.80

217.39

222.22

154.11

155.17

156.52

159.01

176.13

177.51

179.28

182.56

121.62

123.12

124.65

126.23

141.73

143.77

145.87

148.03

108.56

109.76

110.97

112.22

SAFE

LOAD

45.09

62.23

68.27

71.75

87.12

100.99

125.86

152.93

187.08

218.88

278.67

121.33

148.11

172.79

219.39

397.85

513.38

620.47

719.11

324.29

417.20

502.57

580.35

525.57

681.56

828.05

965.01

Leff 8m

Ryy

240.24

209.42

211.08

189.13

190.93

193.24

197.53

136.99

137.93

139.13

141.34

156.56

157.79

159.36

162.27

108.11

109.44

110.80

112.20

125.98

127.80

129.66

131.58

96.50

97.56

98.64

99.75

SAFE

LOAD

58.62

78.70

86.66

91.36

111.10

129.03

161.43

186.31

228.55

268.59

343.98

152.93

186.76

217.99

276.60

471.45

609.54

738.22

857.45

396.33

509.64

613.61

708.19

615.40

799.49

973.18

1136.41

Leff 7m

Ryy

210.21

183.25

184.70

165.48

167.06

169.08

172.84

119.86

120.69

121.74

123.67

136.99

138.07

139.44

141.99

94.59

95.76

96.95

98.18

110.24

111.82

113.45

115.13

84.44

85.37

86.31

87.28

Ryy

33.30

38.20

37.90

42.30

41.90

41.40

40.50

58.40

58.00

57.50

56.60

51.10

50.70

50.20

49.30

74.00

73.10

72.20

71.30

63.50

62.60

61.70

60.80

82.90

82.00

81.10

80.20

AREA

2260

2383

2659

2295

2836

3363

4379

2775

3436

4083

5339

2775

3436

4083

5339

5043

6619

8143

9614

5163

6779

8343

9854

5763

7579

9343

11054

SHS SIZE

145X82X5.4

172X92X4.8

172X92X5.4

200X100X4

200X100X5

200X100X6

200X100X8

220X140X4

220X140X5

220X140X6

220X140X8

240X120X4

240X120X5

240X120X6

240X120X8

260X180X6

260X180X8

260X180X10

260X180X12

300X150X6

300X150X8

300X150X10

300X150X12

300X200X6

300X200X8

300X20010

300X200X12

149

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

150

SAFE

LOAD

                                             

21.52

26.08

30.40

Leff 7m

Ryy

                                             

225.08

228.01

230.26

SAFE

LOAD

                                       

20.91

24.65

28.14

28.83

34.51

39.87

Leff 6m

Ryy

                                       

215.05

218.18

221.40

192.93

195.44

197.37

SAFE

LOAD

                               

15.15

16.67

19.56

22.50

29.31

35.03

40.19

39.90

48.00

55.69

Leff 5m

Ryy

                               

214.59

217.39

221.24

225.23

179.21

181.82

184.50

160.77

162.87

164.47

SAFE

LOAD

                       

12.53

13.57

15.77

17.69

21.65

25.54

30.10

33.98

43.54

52.06

59.63

58.35

70.26

81.57

Leff 4m

Ryy

                       

208.33

210.53

213.90

219.78

171.67

173.91

176.99

180.18

143.37

145.45

147.60

128.62

130.29

131.58

SAFE

LOAD

           

9.14

10.36

11.54

10.56

12.22

14.09

20.88

22.60

26.56

30.73

35.31

41.85

49.66

56.46

67.87

81.57

93.92

87.32

105.44

122.68

Leff 3m

Ryy

     

247.93

254.24

260.87

209.79

214.29

220.59

198.68

202.70

208.33

156.25

157.89

160.43

164.84

128.76

130.43

132.74

135.14

107.53

109.09

110.70

96.46

97.72

98.68

SAFE

LOAD

4.40

4.87

5.44

9.17

11.00

12.46

18.64

21.49

24.53

21.68

25.10

28.77

39.43

42.91

50.83

59.14

60.80

72.39

86.45

98.99

107.15

129.73

150.55

130.67

158.95

186.03

Leff 2m

Ryy

217.39

224.72

232.56

165.29

169.49

173.91

139.86

142.86

147.06

132.45

135.14

138.89

104.17

105.26

106.95

109.89

85.84

86.96

88.50

90.09

71.68

72.73

73.80

64.31

65.15

65.79

Ryy

9.20

8.90

8.60

12.10

11.80

11.50

14.30

14.00

13.60

15.10

14.80

14.40

19.20

19.00

18.70

18.20

23.30

23.00

22.60

22.20

27.90

27.50

27.10

31.10

30.70

30.40

AREA

174

216

253

230

288

342

351

419

503

372

445

535

476

525

635

767

580

701

855

1001

854

1047

1231

957

1175

1385

SHS SIZE

25X25X2

25X25X2.6

25X25X3.2

32X32X2

32X32X2.6

32X32X3.2

38X38X2.6

38X38X3.2

38X38X4

40X40X2.6

40X40X3.2

40X40X4

50X50X2.6

50X50X2.9

50X50X3.6

50X50X4.5

60X60X2.6

60X60X3.2

60X60X4

60X60X4.8

72X72X3.2

72X72X4

72X72X4.8

80X80X3.2

80X80X4

80X80X4.8

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310, IS-4923

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS MATERIAL TATA STRUCTURA GRADE YST-310,

SAFE

LOAD

47.54

57.26

66.11

67.09

80.55

92.67

112.65

124.55

168.53

186.24

196.96

241.44

283.37

361.14

298.82

367.16

432.88

557.84

653.33

849.54

1035.12

1211.22

819.93

1071.29

1312.72

1542.50

Leff 6m

Ryy

168.54

170.45

172.41

154.24

156.25

158.31

136.36

136.99

116.28

116.96

101.18

101.87

102.74

104.53

83.80

84.39

84.99

86.08

68.97

69.77

70.59

71.34

60.48

61.10

61.66

62.31

SAFE

LOAD

64.96

78.38

90.67

91.23

109.89

126.86

148.78

164.63

216.19

239.42

245.46

301.05

353.58

451.25

355.90

438.14

517.59

669.49

739.00

963.76

1177.86

1382.16

901.54

1180.18

1448.70

1705.75

Leff 5m

Ryy

140.45

142.05

143.68

128.53

130.21

131.93

113.64

114.16

96.90

97.47

84.32

84.89

85.62

87.11

69.83

70.32

70.82

71.74

57.47

58.14

58.82

59.45

50.40

50.92

51.39

51.92

SAFE

LOAD

91.96

111.07

128.62

125.84

152.08

176.20

198.56

220.15

278.15

308.55

302.53

371.89

438.07

562.57

412.89

509.34

602.98

782.99

749.55

978.84

1197.98

1407.61

971.72

1274.18

1566.52

1847.74

Leff 4m

Ryy

112.36

113.64

114.94

102.83

104.17

105.54

90.91

91.32

77.52

77.97

67.45

67.91

68.49

69.69

55.87

56.26

56.66

57.39

45.98

46.51

47.06

47.56

40.32

40.73

41.11

41.54

SAFE

LOAD

131.85

160.00

186.19

175.39

212.63

247.16

265.11

294.39

346.98

385.90

358.42

441.54

521.54

673.62

462.65

571.64

677.81

882.80

877.31

1149.09

1410.66

1662.22

1024.56

1345.31

1656.05

1956.14

Leff 3m

Ryy

84.27

85.23

86.21

77.12

78.13

79.16

68.18

68.49

58.14

58.48

50.59

50.93

51.37

52.26

41.90

42.19

42.49

43.04

34.48

34.88

35.29

35.67

30.24

30.55

30.83

31.15

SAFE

LOAD

182.77

223.25

261.57

231.76

282.90

331.20

329.46

366.58

405.39

451.80

400.81

494.71

585.76

760.37

496.82

614.82

730.19

953.83

915.33

1200.50

1475.80

1741.19

1054.16

1385.57

1707.18

2018.63

Leff 2m

Ryy

56.18

56.82

57.47

51.41

52.08

52.77

45.45

45.66

38.76

38.99

33.73

33.96

34.25

34.84

27.93

28.13

28.33

28.69

22.99

23.26

23.53

23.78

20.16

20.37

20.55

20.77

Ryy

35.60

35.20

34.80

38.90

38.40

37.90

44.00

43.80

51.60

51.30

59.30

58.90

58.40

57.40

71.60

71.10

70.60

69.70

87.00

86.00

85.00

84.10

99.20

98.20

97.30

96.30

AREA

1232

1514

1785

1495

1836

2163

2028

2260

2383

2659

2295

2836

3363

4379

2775

3436

4083

5339

5043

6619

8143

9614

5763

7579

9343

11054

SHS SIZE

91.5X91.5X3.6

91.5X91.5X4.5

91.5X91.5X5.4

100X100X4

100X100X5

100X100X6

113.5X113.5X4.8

113.5X113.5X5.4

132X132X4.8

132X132X5.4

150X150X4

150X150X5

150X150X6

150X150X8

180X180X4

180X180X5

180X180X6

180X180X8

220X220X6

220X220X8

220X220X10

220X220X12

250X250X6

250X250X8

250X250X10

250X250X12

151

NOTE: 1) SAFE LOADS CALCULATED FOR L/RYY UPTO 250. 2) SAFE LOADS ARE CALCULATED CONSIDERING UNSUPPORTED ABOUT MINOR AXIS

SAFE LOADS IN “KN” FOR SINGLE SHS STRUT DIFFERENT L/Rmin RATIOS