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Lecture 4 Meshing Methods 14. 0 Release Introduction to ANSYS Meshing 1 © 2011 ANSYS,
Lecture 4
Meshing Methods
14. 0 Release
Introduction to ANSYS
Meshing
1 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Meshing Methods What you will learn from this presentation • Algorithms for Tetrahedral Meshing •
Meshing Methods
What you will learn from this presentation
• Algorithms for Tetrahedral Meshing
• Different methods for Hex Meshing
• CutCell meshing
• Meshing for 2D and shell analysis
• Meshing Multiple Bodies
– Direct Meshing
– Interoperability
2 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Preprocessing Workflow Geometry Creation OR Geometry Import Geometry Meshing Solver Operations Sketches and
Preprocessing Workflow
Geometry Creation
OR
Geometry Import
Geometry
Meshing
Solver
Operations
Sketches and
Meshing
3D Operations
Planes
Methods
Boolean, Body
Hybrid Mesh: Tet,
Prisms, Pyramids
3D Operations
Operations, Split,
etc
Hexa Dominant,
Extrude, Revolve,
Sweep meshing
Sweep, etc
Geometry
Cleanup and
Assembly
Repair
Meshing
Geometry Import
Options
Automatic
Global Mesh
Cleanup
Settings
Direct CAD/Bi-
Directional CAD
Merge, Connect,
Local Mesh
Projection, Flow
Settings
Volume
Extraction, etc
Sizing,
Body/Sphere of
Influence, Match
Control, etc
3 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Inserting Methods • In the Outline, right click Mesh, Insert > Method – Select body
Inserting Methods
• In the Outline, right click Mesh, Insert > Method
– Select body in Details View
• Or, in the Graphics Window, Select body(s) , right
click, Insert > Method
– Body automatically selected in Details View
• Method is selectable using the drop down box
– Select, Automatic, Tetrahedrons, Hex Dominant,
Sweep or Multizone (Automatic is used where no
method has been explicitly specified)
4 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Automatic Method 5 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release 14.0
Automatic Method
5 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Automatic Method Method Behavior • Combination of Tetrahedron Patch Conforming and Sweep Method – Automatically
Automatic Method
Method Behavior
• Combination of Tetrahedron Patch
Conforming and Sweep Method
– Automatically identifies sweepable
bodies and creates sweep mesh
– All non‐ sweepable bodies meshed
using tetrahedron method
• Details of Tetrahedron Patch
Conforming & Sweep in following
slides
Access
• Default Method where not specified
• Can specify by inserting Method and
setting to Automatic
6 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method 7 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method
7 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method Method Behavior • Generates tetrahedral elements ‐ two algorithms are available: • Patch
Tetrahedrons Method
Method Behavior
• Generates tetrahedral elements ‐ two algorithms are
available:
• Patch Conforming
• Patch Independent
8 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Patch Conforming Method & Algorithm Behavior • Bottom up approach: Meshing process starts
Tetrahedrons Method: Patch Conforming
Method & Algorithm Behavior
• Bottom up approach: Meshing process starts
from edges, faces and then volume
• All faces and their boundaries are respected
(conformed to) and meshed
• Good for high quality (clean) CAD geometries
• Sizing is defined by global and/or local controls
Access
• Insert Method and set to Tetrahedrons
– Additional drop down box for algorithm choice
appears
• Set Patch Conforming
– Patch Conforming Method listed in Outline
under Mesh object
9 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Patch Independent Method & Algorithm Behavior • Top down approach: Volume mesh generated
Tetrahedrons Method: Patch Independent
Method & Algorithm Behavior
• Top down approach: Volume mesh generated
first and projected on to faces and edges
• Faces, edges and vertices not necessarily
conformed to
– Controlled by tolerance and scoping of
Named Selection, load or other object
• Good for gross de‐ featuring of poor quality
(dirty) CAD geometries
• Method Details contain sizing controls
Access
• Insert Method and set to Tetrahedrons
– Additional drop down box for algorithm
choice appears
• Set Patch Independent
10 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Algorithm Comparison Geometry containing small details Patch Conforming: All geometric detail is
Tetrahedrons Method: Algorithm
Comparison
Geometry containing
small details
Patch Conforming: All
geometric detail is
captured
Patch Independent: Can
ignore and defeature
geometry
11 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Control Patch Conforming • Sizing – Mesh sizing for the Patch Conforming algorithm
Tetrahedrons Method: Control
Patch Conforming
• Sizing
– Mesh sizing for the Patch Conforming algorithm
is defined by Global & Local Controls
– Automatic refinement based on curvature
and/or proximity accessible in Global Controls
• Details of Global & Local Controls covered in
separate lectures
– Choice of surface mesher algorithm in global
controls
Proximity
Curvature
12 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Control Patch Independent • Sizing – Sizing for the Patch Independent algorithm defined
Tetrahedrons Method: Control
Patch Independent
• Sizing
– Sizing for the Patch Independent algorithm
defined in Patch Independent Details
– Automatic curvature & proximity
refinement option
13 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Control Patch Independent • Defeaturing Control – Set Mesh Based Defeaturing On –
Tetrahedrons Method: Control
Patch Independent
• Defeaturing Control
– Set Mesh Based Defeaturing On
– Set Defeaturing Tolerance
– Assign Named Selections to
selectively preserve geometry
Named Selection assigned
and Defeaturing Tolerance
= 0.03m. Features > 0.03m
respected.
Defeaturing Tolerance Off
14 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Inflation Also referred to as Prism/Boundary Layers • Used to: – Resolve high
Tetrahedrons Method: Inflation
Also referred to as Prism/Boundary Layers
• Used to:
– Resolve high gradients of flow variables and physics
complexities in close vicinity of walls for CFD analysis
– Resolve thin air gaps in Electromagnetic analysis
– Resolve regions of high stress concentrations in
Mechanical analysis
Inflation preview
• Compatible with both Patch Conforming and Patch
Independent tetrahedron meshing methods
• Inflation layers can be generated from Tri and Quad
surface mesh
• Inflation can be applied using Global and/or Local
controls
Tet + Prisms
15 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Application Examples Patch Conforming Patch Independent • Clean CAD, accurate surface mesh •
Tetrahedrons Method: Application
Examples
Patch Conforming
Patch Independent
• Clean CAD, accurate surface mesh
• Dirty CAD, defeatured surface mesh
16 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Hex Meshing 17 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release 14.0
Hex Meshing
17 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Introduction Hex Meshing Tet Mesh Elements: 48K • Reduced element count – Faster convergence •
Introduction
Hex Meshing
Tet Mesh
Elements: 48K
• Reduced element count
– Faster convergence
• Elements aligned in direction of flow
– Improved Accuracy
• Reduced numerical error
Methods Available
• Sweep
Sweep Mesh
Elements: 19K
• MultiZone
• Hex Dominant (only for Mechanical)
Initial Requirements
• Clean geometry
Interoperability between methods
18 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing Method Behavior Sweep Path • Meshes source surface, sweeps through to the target
Sweep Meshing
Method Behavior
Sweep Path
• Meshes source surface, sweeps through to the
target
• Generates hex/wedge elements
Side Face(s)
• Body must have topologically identical faces on
two ends, (which act as source and target
faces)
Target Face
Source Face
• Side faces must be mappable
• Only one source and one target face is allowed
• Alternative ‘Thin’ sweep method can have
multiple source and target faces – covered
later
Access
• Insert Method and set to Sweep
19 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing Source/Target (Src/Trg Selection) • Automatic – ANSYS Meshing automatically finds source and target
Sweep Meshing
Source/Target (Src/Trg Selection)
• Automatic
– ANSYS Meshing automatically finds source and
target
• Manual Source & Manual Source and Target
– User selection (required for inflation)
• Automatic Thin & Manual Thin
– Multiple source and target faces
Sweep Direction
Source Face
Target Face
20 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing Src/Trg Selection Behaviour • Automatic selection requires that the application find the Source
Sweep Meshing
Src/Trg Selection Behaviour
• Automatic selection requires
that the application find the
Source and Target. Specifying
both Source & Target will
accelerate meshing
Automatic Selection
Sweep Mesh No inflation
• Inflation
– Must specify at least Source
manually when using
Inflation & Sweep Method
– Source surface edges are
inflated then swept through
volume, source must
therefore be specified first
Manual Selection
Sweep Mesh with inflation
21 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing Rotational Sweeping • Sweep meshes can also be created by sweeping a Source
Sweep Meshing
Rotational Sweeping
• Sweep meshes can also be
created by sweeping a Source
around an axis
Target
Source
Face
Face
• Example: Src/Trg Selection ‐
Rotational sweep for sector
geometry
– Rotational sweeping requires
both Source & Target to be
selected
Sweep
Path
• For both rotational and axial
sweeping Source & Target faces
are colour coded when selected
Manual Source &
Target Selection
Sweep Mesh: Wedge
and Hex elements
22 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing Src/Trg Selection: Automatic Thin & Manual Thin • Selects an alternate sweep algorithm
Sweep Meshing
Src/Trg Selection: Automatic Thin
& Manual Thin
• Selects an alternate sweep
algorithm
• Advantages
– Capable of sweeping multiple
Source & Targets
Source
Faces
Target
– Can perform some automatic
defeaturing
• Disadvantages
– For Multibody Parts only one
division across the sweep is
allowed
– Inflation & Sweep Bias not
allowed
Source Faces
Imprinted on Target
23 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing How to Identify Sweepable bodies • ANSYS Meshing can identify sweepable bodies automatically
Sweep Meshing
How to Identify Sweepable bodies
• ANSYS Meshing can identify sweepable bodies automatically
– Rotational Sweep bodies are not identified
• Righ click Mesh object in Outline and select Show > Sweepable Bodies
Geometry
RMB on Mesh to find
sweepable bodies
Sweepable bodies in
green color
24 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing How to Ensure Bodies are Sweepable • Bodies which will not allow sweeping
Sweep Meshing
How to Ensure Bodies are Sweepable
• Bodies which will not allow sweeping can be decomposed into a number
of topologically simpler sweepable bodies
• Decomposition can be performed in CAD/DM
• Example 1
Decomposed in
CAD/DM
Unsweepable body
Sweepable!
25 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing Example 2 T Junction Geometry Unsweepable Decomposed in CAD/DM Sweepable! 26 © 2011
Sweep Meshing
Example 2
T Junction Geometry
Unsweepable
Decomposed in
CAD/DM
Sweepable!
26 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
MultiZone Meshing Method Behavior • Based on blocking approach used in ANSYS ICEM CFD Hexa
MultiZone Meshing
Method Behavior
• Based on blocking approach used in ANSYS ICEM
CFD Hexa
MultiZone
Mesh
• Automatically decomposes geometry
• Uses structured & unstructured blocks
• Generates structured hex mesh where possible,
fills remaining region with unstructured mesh.
• Can have multiple source and target faces
• Can select source & target faces automatically
or manually
• Block will be meshed by Hexa or Tetra
depending on the Mesh Type (struct / free)
• Compatible with Program Controlled inflation
Access
• Insert Method and set to Multizone
27 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
MultiZone Meshing Example 1 • Single body automatically decomposed into three blocks • Src/Trg Selection
MultiZone Meshing
Example 1
• Single body automatically decomposed into three blocks
• Src/Trg Selection – Automatic
• Results in all hex mesh
• Equivalent to manually decomposing by slicing off upper
and lower cylinders to produce three bodies and
applying sweep methods
28 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
MultiZone Meshing Example 2 • Blend on central body, Multizone longer able to create structured
MultiZone Meshing
Example 2
• Blend on central body, Multizone longer able to create
structured region
– Unstructured region referred to as Free Mesh
– Specify Type of Free Mesh
• Tetra, Hexa Core, Hexa Dominant
• Can specify type of surface mesh using Mapped
Mesh Type (Hexa, Hexa/Prism, Prism)
Free Mesh
Free Mesh
Tetra
Hexa Core
29 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing 30 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing
30 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing Method Behavior • Meshes an entire model as single process – Methods covered
Assembly Meshing
Method Behavior
• Meshes an entire model as single
process
– Methods covered so far are part or
body based methods
0
• Two Algorithms
– CutCell & Tetrahedrons
• Physics & Solver must be CFD &
FLUENT respectively
Access
• Activated by selecting
CutCell/Tetrahedrons under
Assembly Meshing Method
31 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing Controls • Physics/Solver set to CFD/Fluent • Set Advanced Size Functions – Edge
Assembly Meshing
Controls
• Physics/Solver set to CFD/Fluent
• Set Advanced Size Functions
– Edge proximity sources accessible
• Inflation defined by Global or Local controls
– Combined Global & Local not supported
• CutCell Meshing controls
– Feature Capture (Program Controlled = 40)
• Use drop down box to specify smaller angle
to capture more features, 0 to capture all.
– Tessellation (faceting) refinement
• Apply any required local size controls
• Statistics
– Use Orthogonal Quality
32 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing: Characteristics CutCell Meshing Characteristics • Creates a high fraction of hex and prismatic
Assembly Meshing: Characteristics
CutCell Meshing Characteristics
• Creates a high fraction of hex and prismatic
cells
• Patch independent:
– Eliminates the need for pinch control and VT
operations, tolerates overlapping bodies.
• Creates conformal meshes across parts in
contact
– Eliminates the need for multi ‐ body part
generation in CAD
• Operates on parts, multi‐ body parts, etc. with
new option to define virtual bodies
• Ability to create flow volumes from
a “closed” set of bodies (sheet or solid)
– Eliminates the need for Boolean/Fill
operations in CAD
33 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing Virtual Bodies ‐ Example • Use of virtual body (material point) to extract
Assembly Meshing
Virtual Bodies ‐ Example
• Use of virtual body (material point) to extract a flow region directly from CAD
Assembly
Handling face-
edge
connectivity
Capping
Face
Material
point
34 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing: Flow Volume Extraction Using Virtual Bodies Material 1. Define a new Coordinate System
Assembly Meshing: Flow Volume Extraction
Using Virtual Bodies
Material
1. Define a new Coordinate System
inside the Fluid Void
Point
2. Insert a Virtual Body
3. Assign the Coordinate System to the
Material Point in the details of the
Virtual Body
2
3
1
35 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Assembly Meshing – Limitations • Cannot be used in combination with other Meshing Methods •
Assembly Meshing – Limitations
• Cannot be used in combination with
other Meshing Methods
• Interoperability
• Feature recovery limitations
– Neither Body or Surface of
Influence are supported
– Sharp trailing edges and acute
edges will produce a jagged mesh
– Inflation not supported on baffles
or internal walls
– Recovering some features might
lead to bad quality
– Ignored symmetry condition for
meshing
• Prior to meshing the user is advised
to resolve geometry features
properly CAD/DM
– Avoid unnecessary geometry
details
– Min size should be ½ of smallest 3D
feature, check and adjust if
required.
• Failure in the CutCell meshing
algorithm is almost always related to
faceting issues in relation to the
value of Min Size. Make sure that the
value of Min Size truly represents the
smallest size that you want the
curvature and proximity size function
to capture.
• More on Assembly Meshing in the
Global Mesh Controls Lecture.
36 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
2D Meshing 37 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release 14.0
2D Meshing
37 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Methods for 2D Meshing Automatic Triangles • Patch Conforming Methods – Automatic Method (Quad Dominant)
Methods for 2D Meshing
Automatic
Triangles
• Patch Conforming Methods
– Automatic Method (Quad
Dominant) & All Triangles
• Advanced size functions and local size
controls supported
Uniform
Uniform
Quad/Tri
Quad
• Patch Independent Methods
– Uniform Quad/Tri & Uniform Quad
• Advanced size functions and local size
controls NOT supported
38 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
2D Meshing Control & Inflation Mapped Surface Meshes Mapped • Fully mapped surface meshes and
2D Meshing Control & Inflation
Mapped Surface Meshes
Mapped
• Fully mapped surface meshes and
specified edge sizing/intervals can be
obtained by applying local controls
Control
• Covered in the Local Mesh Controls
lecture
2D mesh with Inflation
• Same method as applied in the 3D
sweep method
• Boundary edges are inflated
• Support for global and local inflation
controls
39 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
2D Mesh Solver Guidelines ANSYS FLUENT ANSYS CFX • For a 2D analysis in FLUENT
2D Mesh Solver Guidelines
ANSYS FLUENT
ANSYS CFX
• For a 2D analysis in FLUENT generate
the mesh in the XY plane (z=0).
• For axisymmetric applications y  0
and make sure that the domain is
axisymmetric about x axis
• For 2D analysis in CFX, create a
volume mesh (using Sweep) that is 1
element thick in the symmetry
direction, i.e.,
• Thin Block for Planar 2D
• In ANSYS Meshing, by default, a
thickness is defined for a surface
body and is visible when the view is
not normal to the XY Plane. This is
purely graphical – no thickness will
be present when the mesh is
exported into the FLUENT 2D solver
• Thin Wedge (< 5°) for 2D Axis‐
symmetric
40 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Meshing Multiple Bodies 41 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release 14.0
Meshing Multiple Bodies
41 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Selective Meshing What is Selective Meshing? • Selectively picking bodies and meshing them incrementally Why
Selective Meshing
What is Selective Meshing?
• Selectively picking bodies and meshing them incrementally
Why use Selective Meshing?
• Bodies can be meshed individually
• Mesh seeding from meshed bodies influences neighboring bodies (user
has control)
• Automated meshing can be used at any time to mesh all remaining
bodies
• When controls are added, only affected body meshes require remeshing
• Selective body updating
• Extensive mesh method interoperability
42 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Selective Meshing Local meshing • Mesh or clear meshes on individual bodies • Subsequent bodies
Selective Meshing
Local meshing
• Mesh or clear meshes on individual bodies
• Subsequent bodies will use the attached face
mesh
• The meshing results (cell types) will depend on
the meshing order
• Adjust/add controls – able to remesh only
affected body
• Select body(s) right click for context menu
Meshing first the pipe then the block
Meshing first the block then the pipe
43 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Selective Meshing Recording Mesh Operations • When using selective meshing the order of meshing can
Selective Meshing
Recording Mesh Operations
• When using selective meshing the order
of meshing can be recorded for
automated future use
• Right click Mesh in the Outline for
Context Menu
• Worksheet is generated recording mesh
operations as ordered steps
• Named Selections are automatically
created for each meshed body for
reference in the Worksheet
– Example; Meshing cylinder then block
44 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Selective Meshing Selective Body Updating • For large models, Compare Parts on Update option saves
Selective Meshing
Selective Body Updating
• For large models, Compare Parts on
Update option saves time remeshing only
bodies that have changed
• Access option through Tools > Options
– Associatively: Accommodates for body
topology change (add/delete) (slower)
– Non‐ Associatively: Assumes no topology
change (faster)
• Example; Geometric change to block.
45 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Workshop 2 – Introducing Meshing Methods 46 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release
Workshop 2 – Introducing Meshing
Methods
46 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Appendix Contents • Hex Dominant Meshing • Sweep Meshing Biasing & Complex Geometry • Surface
Appendix
Contents
• Hex Dominant Meshing
• Sweep Meshing Biasing & Complex Geometry
• Surface Meshing with Inflation
• Mesh Connections
• Shell Meshing
• Patch Independent Tetrahedrons ‐ Transition
47 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Hex Dominant Meshing • The mesh contains a combination of tet and pyramid cells with
Hex Dominant Meshing
• The mesh contains a combination of tet and pyramid cells with majority
of cell being of hex type
• Useful for bodies which cannot be swept
• Useful for CFD applications not requiring inflation
• Useful for CFD in the range of acceptable Skewness or Orthogonal
Quality mesh quality metrics
Access
• RMB on Mesh
• Insert  Method
• Definition  Method  Hex Dominant
48 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Hex Dominant Meshing • Example: Geometry with valve inside Due to valve sweep method cannot
Hex Dominant Meshing
• Example:
Geometry with
valve inside
Due to valve sweep
method cannot be
used
Hex Dominant
Mesh generated
49 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Hex Dominant Meshing Free (unstructured) Face Mesh Types • Determines the element shape in the
Hex Dominant Meshing
Free (unstructured) Face Mesh Types
• Determines the element shape in the free zone (where structured
meshing is not possible)
Options
• Quad/Tri
• All Quad
– May insert triangular elements depending on complexity of geometry
50 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Hex Dominant Meshing Example: Higher no. of elements Free Face Mesh Type: Quad/Tri Geometry with
Hex Dominant Meshing
Example:
Higher no. of
elements
Free Face Mesh Type:
Quad/Tri
Geometry with
valve inside
Lower no. of
elements
Free Face Mesh Type:
All Quad
51 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Wedge Pyramid Hex Dominant Meshing Example: Hex Dominant Mesh Elements Tet Hex Dominant Mesh Hex
Wedge
Pyramid
Hex Dominant Meshing
Example: Hex Dominant Mesh Elements
Tet
Hex Dominant Mesh
Hex
52
© 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing • Control: • Free (unstructured) Mesh Type Source face elements: Only Quad Type:
Sweep Meshing
• Control:
• Free (unstructured) Mesh Type
Source face
elements: Only
Quad
Type: All Quad
Source face
elements: Quad
plus Tri
Type: Quad/Tri
Sweepable Geometry
Source face
elements: Only Tri
Type: All Tri
53 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing Control: Type Element size in swept direction 2mm Sweep Element Size Sweepable Geometry
Sweep Meshing
Control: Type
Element size in
swept direction
2mm
Sweep Element Size
Sweepable Geometry
No. of elements in
swept direction: 10
Sweep Num Divisions
The Number of Divisions can be > 1000. If this number is > 1000 the divisions will not be drawn
on the edge
54 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing • Control: Sweep Bias Type Uniform mesh No Bias Sweepable Geometry Cells are
Sweep Meshing
• Control: Sweep Bias Type
Uniform mesh
No Bias
Sweepable Geometry
Cells are
concentrated on
one side
With Bias
55 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing : Complex geometry 56 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27, 2011 Release 14.0
Sweep Meshing : Complex geometry
56 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Surface Meshing with Inflation Triangular Mesh with ‘Inflation’ 57 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. December 27,
Surface Meshing with Inflation
Triangular Mesh with ‘Inflation’
57 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Mesh Connections For sheet models, connections can be defined as “Mesh connections” Gap Mesh connections
Mesh Connections
For sheet models,
connections can be
defined as “Mesh
connections”
Gap
Mesh connections can be
used to extend mesh at
mesh level
• Tolerance Value can be
specified to close gaps at
mesh level
Gap removed at
mesh level
Connected Mesh
• “Mesh connections” will
be created at mesh time
(rather than as CE in
solver)
58 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Shell Meshing: Example Edge colored by the number of connected faces • Automatic generation of
Shell Meshing: Example
Edge colored by the number of connected faces
• Automatic generation of mesh connections
• Mesh connectivity can be shown also after meshing
• Ability to find mappable faces
59 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0
Tetrahedrons Method: Patch Independent Transition • Effect of Smooth Transition • Smooth transition uses advanced
Tetrahedrons Method: Patch Independent
Transition
• Effect of Smooth Transition
• Smooth transition uses advanced
front meshing technique
Smooth Transition Off (default)
Smooth Transition On
60 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
December 27, 2011
Release 14.0