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LOUVRE - THE MOST VISITED MUSEUM IN THE WORLD AND A HISTORIC MONUMENT

Many people think the Eiffel Tower is the only place that you should visit if you go to Paris, but they are wrong. The Louvre museum is one of the most important places where famous paintings are exhibit to keep alive the wonderful wit of people as Leonardo da inci, incent an !ogh, "embrandt among others.

History of the Louvre The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace #Palais du Louvre$ which began as a fortress built in the late %&th century under Philip ''.

"emnants of the fortress are still visible. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. 'n %()&, Louis *' chose the Palace of ersailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from %(+&, a collection of anti,ue sculpture. 'n %(+&, the building was occupied by the -cad.mie des 'nscriptions et /elles Lettres and the -cad.mie "oyale de Peinture et de 0culpture, which in %(++ held the first of a series of salons. The -cad.mie remained at the Louvre for %11 years. 2uring the 3rench "evolution, the 4ational -ssembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum, to display the nation5s masterpieces. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis * ''' and 6harles *, and during the 0econd 3rench Empire the museum gained &1,111 pieces. 7oldings have grown steadily through donations and gifts

since the Third "epublic, except during the two 8orld 8ars. -s of &11), the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments9 Egyptian -nti,uities: 4ear Eastern -nti,uities: !reek, Etruscan, and "oman -nti,uities: 'slamic -rt: 0culpture: 2ecorative -rts: Paintings: Prints and 2rawings. Each season, the Louvre features a series of temporary exhibitions, each the result of the latest expert research. 0ome of these shows are more suitable for the general public, but in their conception they act as echoes, versions and counterpoints to the museum5s collections.

Louvre: the "ichelieu 8ing to the north: and the 2enon 8ing, which borders the 0eine to the south. The Louvre Palace and the Pyramid were completed in %+)+. 'n %+);, 3rench President 3ran<ois Mitterrand proposed the Grand Louvre plan to renovate the building and relocate the 3inance Ministry, allowing displays throughout the building. -rchitect '. M. Pei was awarded the pro=ect and proposed a glass pyramid for the central courtyard. The pyramid and its underground lobby were inaugurated on %> ?ctober %+)). The second phase of the Grand Louvre plan, La Pyramide 'nvers.e #The 'nverted Pyramid$, was completed in %++;. -s of &11&, attendance had doubled since completion.

Gra ! Louvre a ! the "yra#i!s The Louvre Palace is an almost rectangular structure, composed of the s,uare Cour Carre and two wings which wrap the Cour Napolon to the north and south. 'n the heart of the complex is the Louvre Pyramid, above the visitor5s center. The museum is divided into three wings9 the 0ully 8ing to the east, which contains the Cour Carre and the oldest parts of the

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Louvre Museum ?fficial 8eb 0ite @ http9AAwww.louvre.frA 8ikipedia 3ree Encyclopedia http9AAwww.wikipedia.orgA

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