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Essay writing

Please refer to http://www.cep.kiev.ua/Publications/materials.html (EM-007 "Academic Writing" by Richard Donnelly) for f rther remar!s on "riting conference #a#ers$ P%EA&E also chec! the follo"ing 'R%s( http://www.ceu.hu/ltc/sfaccess.html http://www.essex.ac.uk/literature/current/teaching/undergraduate/ugwritingessays.htm http://www.economist.co.uk/library/StyleGuide/index.cfm http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/advise.html )ear in mind that* according to the internationally acclaimed no+elist and essayist ,eorge -r"ell* ".larity of "riting s ally follo"s clarity of tho ght$ &o thin! "hat yo "ant to say* then say it as sim#ly as #ossible"$ /he "isdom of this ad+ice cannot be o+erstated$ -r"ell says there are si0 elementary r les that all "riters sho ld follo"( 1$ 2e+er se a meta#hor* simile or other fig re of s#eech "hich yo are sed to seeing in #rint$ 3$ 2e+er se a long "ord "here a short one "ill do$ 4$ 5f it is #ossible to c t a "ord o t* al"ays c t it o t$ 6$ 2e+er se the #assi+e "here yo can se the acti+e$ 7$ 2e+er se a foreign #hrase* a scientific "ord or a 8argon "ord if yo can thin! of an e+eryday English e9 i+alent$ :$ )rea! any of these r les sooner than say anything o tright barbaro s$ P !G"!#"S$ and;or lac! of #ro#er referencing "ill 2-/ be tolerated$ %& P#ESE&'!'"%&S Remember that #resentations m st last an absol te ma0im m of 10 min tes$ /he moderator and the chair of the #anel "ill sto# any #resentation going beyond the 10 min tes mar!$ Presentations at the st dent conference are intended to allo" #artici#ants to get ac9 ainted "ith the main thesis* arg ments and concl sions of each st dent<s #a#er$ 5t sho ld not be a f ll e0#osition of the #a#er$ = rthermore* since #resentations m st last less than 10 min tes* this time "ill #ro+e ins fficient to allo" the st dent #resenting to read (or "recite") the f ll #a#er$ /h s* #resentations m st be gi+en by ma!ing se of "free s#eech" and* ideally* "ith the s ##ort of hando ts* o+er-head #ro8ector slides and;or the se of the blac!board and other materials$ )ring eno gh co#ies of yo r hando ts "ith yo * as "ell as any other s ##orting material-s ch as slides-ready$ P%EA&E #re#are #resentations before coming to the conference by follo"ing the #resentation ti#s belo"( Presentation tips: 1) Pre#are an eight min te #resentation$ 5t is common to obser+e that things do not go 100> as desired d ring #resentations* th s it is im#ortant to ha+e some e0tra time in case of e+ent alities$ )ring 1

yo r o"n "atch;cloc!;chronometer to time yo rself$ ,ood time management "ill hel# yo not to r sh thro gh yo r #resentation$ 3) Meas re yo r s#ea!ing #ace$ /his "ill ma!e easier to yo r a dience to nderstand yo $ &omeone gi+ing a #resentation at high s#eeds loo!s terrible and does not accom#lish her;his tas!( /hat is* to #resent the main hy#otheses* arg ments and concl sions of yo r research$ 4) Write do"n a g ide for yo r #resentation "ith a large font and sing only 3;4 of one sheet of #a#er$ /his is not something that has to be read* b t rather some hel# for the st dent to !ee# in mind the main #oints and str ct re of her;his #resentation$ Print yo r main hy#otheses and concl sions sing a bold font$ 6) ?a+e yo r main hy#otheses and concl sions clearly stated d ring yo r #resentation$ 5t might #ro+e cr cial to finish the #resentation "ith +ery clear concl sions on yo r research since this "o ld enco rage other st dents to as! yo 9 estions on it$ /he more 9 estions yo are as!ed* the more o##ort nities yo "ill ha+e to elaborate on yo r #a#er<s res lt$ 7) Ma!e s re that yo !no" 8argon* scientific terms* and other +ocab lary yo "ill se d ring yo r #resentation$ &ometimes st dents !no" the #recise "ording in their nati+e lang age* b t ha+e #roblems ma!ing the translation$ Ma!e s re yo !no" all the English +ocab lary yo may need$ :) Practice yo r #resentation@ Practice it se+eral times "ith yo r s #er+isor and do not forget to time it$ /he better yo r #resentation is* the better im#ression yo "ill ma!e on yo r f t re colleag es$ ()*ES'"%&S !&+ !&S,E#S( SESS"%& Within each #anel* after all #resentations ha+e ta!en #lace* the moderator "ill ma!e comments;9 estions on each st dent #resentation and then o#en the floor to 9 estions from the a dience$ &t dents #artici#ating in each #anel sho ld e0#ect challenging 9 estions to be ans"ered in one or t"o min tes$ /he clearer yo r hy#otheses* arg ments and concl sions are in yo r mind* the easiest it "ill be for yo to ans"er them in a con+incing and #ers asi+e "ay$ Ans"ering becomes also easier if the a dience has access to hando ts "ith diagrams* gra#hs* etc$ that #ortray yo r main theses* arg ments or concl sions$ P%EA&E #re#are #resentations before coming to the conference by follo"ing the #resentation ti#s belo"( 1) /a!e notes on the 9 estions yo are as!ed and on the comments of the moderator$ &ome of the 9 estions from the a dience might be ndesirably long or elaborated$ /a!ing notes and ma!ing s re that yo nderstood the 9 estion "ill allo" yo to ans"er it in a better "ay$ 3) /hin! yo r ans"er for a fe" seconds before ans"ering$ -rder yo r ans"er in yo r mind before deli+ering it$ 2ot ans"ering immediately "ill red ce the ris! of yo thin!ing a better ans"er in yo r mind to the 9 estion "hile ans"ering it in some (less efficient) "ay$ 4) /a!e notes on other #resentations in yo r #anel$ 5t is common to recei+e 9 estions that relate yo r o"n #a#er to other(s) in yo r #anel$ /he better nderstanding yo ha+e on other #a#ers* the better yo "ill be able to ans"er to this !ind of 9 estions and;or ma!e yo r o"n 9 estions;comments$