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Seminar general Istorie Modern Universal - Statul Modern An II, Semestrul I

[1] Statul modern: caracteristici generale Forme de putere, caracteristici originare feudale, grad de instituionalizare Tipologia statului modern: republic, federaii/ imperii nebuloas /monar!ii "omponentele modernitii politice "urente #i $iziuni istoriografice pri$ind emergena statului modern %rototipul statului modern &n 'uropa continental: Statul absolut ( Statul administrati$ )imensiunea teoretic a Statului absolut: su$eranitate, origine di$in, raiune de stat* [+] F,-./- 0secolele 1233(123334 "aracteristici instituionale ,eformele lui ,ic!elieu #i 5azarin ,eformele lui "olbert 6u$ernarea lui 7udo$ic al 132(lea ,eacii la absolutismul monar!ic: reacii de mas 0Frondele48 reacii indi$iduale 0Fen9lon, Saint Simon4 [:] -.673- 0secolele 123(12334 "onflictul dintre legitimismul monar!ic #i %arlament 6u$ernarea personal a Stuarilor #i particularitile sale &n raport cu e;periena francez ,zboiul ci$il %rotectoratul < ,epublica ( ,estauraia =,e$oluia glorioas : caracteristici ale regimului parlamentar britanic > T?' .'T?',7-.)S /rile de @os &n epoca ,zboiului de independen "aracteristici socio(economice ale spaiului neerlandez %articulariti ale regimului politic 0sec* 12334 A ,'7-/33 3.T',.-/3B.-7' %acea Cestfalic #i noul sistem internaional: conceptul de stat su$eran, laic #i teoria balanei de putere in gestionarea relaiilor internaionale "aracteristicile sistemului internaional modern &nainte de "ongresul de la 2iena .a#terea diplomaiei moderne: instituia ambasadorului rezident

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