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Math 1432 Notes Week 12

Some review from last week:













































Examples:
Converge or diverge?


1
n
2
!1
"




2
3
!
"
#
$
%
&
k
'



n!
n
2
!



3k +1
2k
5
! k
2
"



k3
k
5
k
!

























!"#$%&'()'

1. Find the sum of the series.


a) 160 b) 80 c) 160/3 d) 120 e) 240


2. Determine whether the series converges or diverges.


a) diverges
b) cannot be determined
c) converges

3. Determine whether the series converges or diverges.


a) diverges
b) cannot be determined
c) converges




















''+, -./%012" 3%45"67"4#" 849 -02"6482:47 ;"6:"/

An 802"6482:47 /"6:"/ is a seiies whose teims alteinate in sign. Foi example:



( )
1
1
1
1 1 1 1
1 1
2 4 8 2
n
n
n
!
"
"
=
# $
" + " + = "
% &
' (
)
!

-02"6482:47 ;"6:"/ <"/2=
If an alteinating seiies
( ) ( )
1
1 2 3 4
1
1 , 0
n
n n
n
a a a a a a
!
"
=
" = " + " + >
#
!
satisfies (!)
1 n n
a a
+
! foi all " (non incieasing) ANB (!!) lim 0
n
n
a
!"
= then the seiies is
conveigent.


Examples:
1.
( )
!
"
"
1
1
2
n
n







2.
( )
1
3
1
1 1
3
n
n
n
n
+
!
=
" +
+
#








S.
( ) 1
n
!
"








If an alteinating seiies conveiges, it can be classifieu as eithei absolutely conveigent
oi conuitionally conveigent.



If the seiies
! n
a is conveigent, then
! n
a is conveigent. We say that
! n
a is
8./%012"0> #%45"67"42.



If the seiies
! n
a is conveigent anu the seiies
! n
a is uiveigent, we say that
! n
a is #%49:2:%4800> #%45"67"42.



Examples:
1.
( )
!
"
"
1
1
2
n
n

























2.
2
sin( ) k
k k
!
"














3.
( )
2
1
1
n n
n
!
!
"











4.
( )
( )
1 1
k
k k ! + !
"

















If a convergent alternating series satisfies the condition 0 < a
n+1
< a
n
, then the remainder
R
N
involved in approximating the sum S by S
N
is less in magnitude than the first
neglected (truncated) term. That is,
1 N N N
R S S a
+
= ! "

Examples:
1. Appioximate the sum of
( )
1
1
1
1
!
n
n
n
!
+
=
" #
$
% &
' (
)
by its fiist six teims anu finu the eiioi.
















2. Finu the smallest integei " so that #" will appioximate
( )
!
"
=
+
#
0
2
2
1
k
k
k
to within u.u1





















$%&&"6'()'

4. Determine whether the series converges absolutely, converges conditionally or
diverges.
cos( ) k
k k
!
"

a) converges absolutely
b) cannot be determined
c) converges conditionally
d) diverges



REVIEW:

7 mult choice and 5 free response
Sections 9.5-11.3