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Math 1432 Notes Week 10

More examples from 10.4



State whether the sequence converges as n ; if it does, find the limit.

1.
7
n
e
!






2.








3.







4.










5.










6.








7.

















8.







9.
9
sin n
n
! " #
$ %
& '








10.
9
cos( ) n n!






























LecPop10_1

1. Give the limit of the sequence:
!
"
#
$
%
&
+ +
+ + '
5 2 6
1 3 2
2
2
n n
x n

A.
3
1

B. -
3
1

C. 3
D. -3
E. this sequence diverges




One more for practice:

Beteimine whethei the following !"#$"%&" conveiges oi uiveiges. If it conveiges,
finu its limit.
1
1 : lim 1
3
n n
x
n
n
x
a recall e
n n
!>"
# $
# $ # $
= + + =
% &
% & % &
% &
' ( ' (
' (






















!"#$ & '() *+,)-)./0+1+- 23./ 4"5"6

7893:0-1;8< =>;):
Suppose that 0 ) ( ! x f anu 0 ) ( ! x g as ! " " # " + " x c x c x c x , , , oi !" # x .
If L
x g
x f
!
) ( '
) ( '
then L
x g
x f
!
) (
) (


(Note, it is possible that ! " ! = or L )

Examples:

1.








2.
0
sin
lim
x
x
x
!>







3.













4.
2
0
1
lim
x
x
e x
x
!>
! !













5.
2
0
1
lim
x
x
e
x
!>
!






























!"#? & '() *+,)-)./0+1+- 23./ 4 ! !/ 6

@;; *+,)-)./0+1-) A3./<B



7893:0-1;8< =>;):
Suppose that ! " ) (x f anu ! " ) (x g
as ! " " # " + " x c x c x c x , , , oi !" # x .

If L
x g
x f
!
) ( '
) ( '
then L
x g
x f
!
) (
) (


(Note, it is possible that ! " ! = or L )

Examples:
1. For which of the following limits can L'Hopital's Rule be applied? DO NOT
COMPUTE THE LIMIT.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)


(E)






C3DE A3. -() 3+)< D().) 7= 1::;0), 1F3G)E H0G) -() ;0/0- 40A :3<<0F;)6














































I# Finu:











































7)JK3:!"L!


2. What is wiong with the following.

lim
x!0+
x
2
sin x
= lim
x!0+
2x
cos x
= lim
x!0+
2
"sin x
= "#


A. nothing
B. L'Bopital's iule uoes not apply to the fiist expiession
C. L'Bopital's iule uoes not apply to the seconu expiession
B. The final answei shoulu be positive infinity



S. =
!
!
"
#
$
$
%
&
'
(
x
x
x
1
0
tan
lim

A. V B. u C. 1 B. ! E. -1



4# =
!
"
#
$
%
&
+
+
' (
4
) 3 ln(
lim
n
n
n


A. B. u C. 1 B. ! E. 4S

















!"#M */:.3:). *+-)H.1;<

If L dx x f
b
a
b
=
!
" #
) ( lim then we wiite
!
"
=
a
L dx x f ) ( anu say
!
"
a
dx x f ) ( conveiges to (
0theiwise
!
"
a
dx x f ) ( uiveiges.
Note:
!
"
1
1
dx
x
p
conveiges foi ) > 1 anu uiveiges foi ) !1

*+,)-./!+% 0"!1:
Suppose that 2 anu 3 aie continuous anu ) ( ) ( 0 x g x f ! ! foi all ) , [ ! " a x
! !
" "
a a
converges dx x f then converges dx x g If i ) ( , ) ( .
diverges dx x g then diverges dx x f If ii
a a
! !
" "
) ( , ) ( .

Examples:


1.




















2.
2
0
1
1
dx
x
!
+
"




















3.
2
1
(ln )
e
dx
x x
!
"




















N+F3>+,), 2>+J-03+<B
If we have a half-open inteival |-, 4) then foi L dx x f
c
a
b c
=
!
" #
) ( lim we wiite
L dx x f
b
a
=
!
) ( anu say
!
b
a
dx x f ) ( conveiges to (. 0theiwise, it uiveiges.
(same is tiue foi (-, 4j).

Examples:











































































1
4/5
2
1
dx
x
!
"











































Which of the following are improper integrals?

1.
3
2/3
2
1
dx
x
!


2.
1
1
x
e
dx
x
!
"



3.
3
2
1
1
1
dx
x
!
+
"


4.
( )
3
2
1
1
2
dx
x !
"



5.
/ 2
0
cos
1 sin
x
dx
x
!
"
#


6.
2
0
x
e dx
!
"
#

























LecPop10_1

5. Evaluate:
e
!7x
0
"
#
dx


a. -1/7
b. 7
c. 1/7
d. 1
e. -7
f. none of these