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# Math 1432 Notes Week 10

## More examples from 10.4

State whether the sequence converges as n ; if it does, find the limit.

1.
7
n
e
!

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.
9
sin n
n
! " #
\$ %
& '

10.
9
cos( ) n n!

LecPop10_1

1. Give the limit of the sequence:
!
"
#
\$
%
&
+ +
+ + '
5 2 6
1 3 2
2
2
n n
x n

A.
3
1

B. -
3
1

C. 3
D. -3
E. this sequence diverges

One more for practice:

Beteimine whethei the following !"#\$"%&" conveiges oi uiveiges. If it conveiges,
finu its limit.
1
1 : lim 1
3
n n
x
n
n
x
a recall e
n n
!>"
# \$
# \$ # \$
= + + =
% &
% & % &
% &
' ( ' (
' (

!"#\$ & '() *+,)-)./0+1+- 23./ 4"5"6

7893:0-1;8< =>;):
Suppose that 0 ) ( ! x f anu 0 ) ( ! x g as ! " " # " + " x c x c x c x , , , oi !" # x .
If L
x g
x f
!
) ( '
) ( '
then L
x g
x f
!
) (
) (

(Note, it is possible that ! " ! = or L )

Examples:

1.

2.
0
sin
lim
x
x
x
!>

3.

4.
2
0
1
lim
x
x
e x
x
!>
! !

5.
2
0
1
lim
x
x
e
x
!>
!

!"#? & '() *+,)-)./0+1+- 23./ 4 ! !/ 6

@;; *+,)-)./0+1-) A3./<B

7893:0-1;8< =>;):
Suppose that ! " ) (x f anu ! " ) (x g
as ! " " # " + " x c x c x c x , , , oi !" # x .

If L
x g
x f
!
) ( '
) ( '
then L
x g
x f
!
) (
) (

(Note, it is possible that ! " ! = or L )

Examples:
1. For which of the following limits can L'Hopital's Rule be applied? DO NOT
COMPUTE THE LIMIT.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

C3DE A3. -() 3+)< D().) 7= 1::;0), 1F3G)E H0G) -() ;0/0- 40A :3<<0F;)6

I# Finu:

7)JK3:!"L!

2. What is wiong with the following.

lim
x!0+
x
2
sin x
= lim
x!0+
2x
cos x
= lim
x!0+
2
"sin x
= "#

A. nothing
B. L'Bopital's iule uoes not apply to the fiist expiession
C. L'Bopital's iule uoes not apply to the seconu expiession
B. The final answei shoulu be positive infinity

S. =
!
!
"
#
\$
\$
%
&
'
(
x
x
x
1
0
tan
lim

A. V B. u C. 1 B. ! E. -1

4# =
!
"
#
\$
%
&
+
+
' (
4
) 3 ln(
lim
n
n
n

A. B. u C. 1 B. ! E. 4S

!"#M */:.3:). *+-)H.1;<

If L dx x f
b
a
b
=
!
" #
) ( lim then we wiite
!
"
=
a
L dx x f ) ( anu say
!
"
a
dx x f ) ( conveiges to (
0theiwise
!
"
a
dx x f ) ( uiveiges.
Note:
!
"
1
1
dx
x
p
conveiges foi ) > 1 anu uiveiges foi ) !1

*+,)-./!+% 0"!1:
Suppose that 2 anu 3 aie continuous anu ) ( ) ( 0 x g x f ! ! foi all ) , [ ! " a x
! !
" "
a a
converges dx x f then converges dx x g If i ) ( , ) ( .
diverges dx x g then diverges dx x f If ii
a a
! !
" "
) ( , ) ( .

Examples:

1.

2.
2
0
1
1
dx
x
!
+
"

3.
2
1
(ln )
e
dx
x x
!
"

N+F3>+,), 2>+J-03+<B
If we have a half-open inteival |-, 4) then foi L dx x f
c
a
b c
=
!
" #
) ( lim we wiite
L dx x f
b
a
=
!
) ( anu say
!
b
a
dx x f ) ( conveiges to (. 0theiwise, it uiveiges.
(same is tiue foi (-, 4j).

Examples:

1
4/5
2
1
dx
x
!
"

Which of the following are improper integrals?

1.
3
2/3
2
1
dx
x
!

2.
1
1
x
e
dx
x
!
"

3.
3
2
1
1
1
dx
x
!
+
"

4.
( )
3
2
1
1
2
dx
x !
"

5.
/ 2
0
cos
1 sin
x
dx
x
!
"
#

6.
2
0
x
e dx
!
"
#

LecPop10_1

5. Evaluate:
e
!7x
0
"
#
dx

a. -1/7
b. 7
c. 1/7
d. 1
e. -7
f. none of these