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MAGNETIC COMPASS DEVIATION TABLE

COMPASS LOCATION: INSTALLATION: COMPASS DETAILS: Bridge Permanent Size Make Serial No
YACHTS HEADING MAGNETIC YACHTS HEADING MAGNETIC YACHTS HEADING MAGNETIC

Flying Bridge Portable

Other Other

DEVIATION

DEVIATION

DEVIATION

0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105

120 135 150 165 180 195 210 225

240 255 270 285 300 315 330 360

DEVIATIONS DETERMINED BY:


DATE OF ADJUSTMENT / CALCULATION: SIGNED: (Adjuster or Navigator)

Suns Azimuth

Gyro

GPS

Shore Bearings

APPROVED: (Master / Captain)

This deviation table shall be recalculated each calendar year and/or immediately upon completion of any work that affects the hulls magnetism (i.e. new electronics, wiring, engines, steel plates, etc). In all cases, it shall be recalculated no later than twelve (12) months from the above date.

Providing the Standard of Excellence for Yacht Certification

Phone: 954-596-2728 Fax: 954-418-0244 Web: www.yachtbureau.org Email: survey@yachtbureau.org

DEVIATION CARD INSTRUCTIONS


USING A SHORESIDE LANDMARK EXAMPLE: Sail the vessel offshore, noting a prominent landmark. Find the landmark on the chart and sail towards it. On the chart, you note the landmark to have a true bearing of 032o. The chart shows the Variation (difference between the True North and the Magnetic North), as 2313' W in 1998, and "(2'W)" showing the annual change. In 2005, it is seven years later; 7 x 2' = 14' W. The westerly Variation is becoming more west by 14'. So, 23 13' + 14'W becomes 23 27' W - rounded off to the nearest whole number of degrees we use 23 W. 032 True + 23 W Variation = 055 Magnetic

WHEN A HEADING IS SEEN TO BE 055C WHICH IS ALSO ALONG A CHART CALCULATED 055M LINE, DEVIATION = 0

If the compass number had been larger or smaller than 055C when the yacht was sailing or motoring in the magnetic direction of 055M, the difference would be the 'Dev' when on that heading. If the difference was due to the compass number of degrees being more than 055 M, the 'Dev' is "W" (West). If the compass number was less than the magnetic number, deviation will be "E" (East). After sailing through all the headings (i.e. swinging the ship), subtract the compass reading from the binnacle reading for each heading. If the number is positive, it is West (west is best). If the difference is negative, it is East (east is least). For example: 90 (binnacle) - 87 (hand) = + 3 (West); 240 (binnacle) - 244 (hand) = - 4 (East). Plot the differences for each point of sail on the deviation card. USING A GPS This is to be done where there is no current or tidal stream, and in calm conditions (no leeway, and in flat waters). Set the GPS to show the movement direction as "magnetic. Steer as straight a direction (heading) as possible; watch the GPS's "COG (course over the ground) for several minutes. What is the most frequent or average COG? While you are watching the COG for changes, either you or preferably someone else, the helmsman (?), should also be watching the compass course. There will be small changes because it is not possible to stay in a perfectly straight heading for too long. We therefore want to know the most common or average compass course steered. Is the average GPS COG the same as the compass heading average? If yes, the deviation for that heading is 0. If the compass heading is a bigger number than the COG, the deviation is the number of degrees difference, and because the compass number is larger, it is West. If the compass heading is a smaller number than the COG, the deviation is the number of degrees difference, and because the compass number is less than the COG, is East. Repeat this for every 15 heading changes. USING THE DEVIATION CARD 1. 2. 3. 4. Calculate the Magnetic course (True + Variation = Magnetic); Look at the card for the deviation for that particular heading; Add the deviation for a West correction, and subtract the deviation for an East correction; Use the binnacle compass to steer a course based on the deviation calculation (Magnetic + Deviation = Compass). For example, if the course is 90 degrees and the deviation is 3 degrees West, steer 93 degrees.

Providing the Standard of Excellence for Yacht Certification

Phone: 954-596-2728 Fax: 954-418-0244 Web: www.yachtbureau.org Email: survey@yachtbureau.org