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Annotated Bibliography Cook, Philip J. "How We Can Reduce Gun Violence." Chronicle of Higher Education (2013): B2.

Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Jan. 2014. In this periodical published by a Chronicle review, Cook, senior associate dean for research at Dukes Universitys Sanford School of Public Policy, claims that since mental health records has been available, crime by those with a mental illness has decreased. Relying on his sources, Cook addresses the issue for gun control in terms of backgrounds checks. In response, he explains how background checks has help decrease crime in certain states. He explains how having mental health records accessible will help decrease the number of mass shootings because those with a mental illness will be disqualified from purchasing a firearm. Cook suggest that the government expand the requirement for background checks as part of gun transfers, such as at gun shows. This article is intended for a general audience curious to learn about background checks. While reading this article it is not obvious that Cook is an expert on this topic. He relies on his research to provide information on background checks and gun control. He is affiliated with a university newspaper; they just provide information on current events. I will have to do more information on how background checks work when trying to purchase a gun. He doesnt really mention how it works, he just mentions that metal health records are available. Cook stated that crime in Connecticut decreased but never provided any statistics to support this claim. This source will help me with giving an overview on how people with a mental illness might be able to purchase a gun.

Fisher, Carl E., and Jeffrey A. Lieberman. "Getting the Facts Straight About Gun Violence and Mental Illness: Putting Compassion before Fear." Annals of Internal Medicine 159.6 (2013): 423-424. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. In this academic Journal written by Fisher and Lieberman, both psychiatrist, focus their research on those who suffer with a mental illness. Aiming toward the general audience, Fisher and Lieberman attempt to convince there readers that everyone with a mental illness is not violent. In response, they also tell how people with a mental illness are not reason for the increase in crimes rates, and we shouldnt just blame them for it. Fisher and Lieberman also explain how focusing on making gun laws stricter will not help reduce mass shootings. In their eyes, the government needs to figure out alternative ways of providing help to those with a mental illness. Finally they point out that, since budget cuts on health, most mental health patients will most likely end up in jail or the hospital. It is obvious that Fisher and Lieberman did their research on this topic. In terms of credibility, I do think they are credible because they are doctors. However, I do not know what type of doctor they are. With further research I found out they are affiliated with a college of physicians that specialize in diagnosis and treatment for adults with illnesses. But, when I try to read about the head person they make me sign up. This source is missing information. Fisher and Lieberman couldve provided information on how they might approach different patients in terms of treatment. They mostly defend people who have a mental illness instead of explaining

why people might have the urge to hurt people. Also it seems like they contradict their claims. This source does help my research because it gives me a different perspective of people with mental illnesses. I can use this to show that not all people who are mentally ill can be dangerous or violent. Kramer, Douglas A., and Johan Verhulst. "Guns, Violence, And Mental Health: Did We Close The State Mental Hospitals Prematurely?" Psychiatric Times 30.6 (2013): 9. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 Jan. 2014. This Scholarly journal discuss patients with a mental illness who has committed a violent crime. Kramer Verhulst explain why people with a mental disorder cause harm to others. They provide evidence explaining that in the mass shooting most of the shooters were in the middle of an episode; showing that these individuals were not in the right state of mind. But they also state that is cannot be possible for each incident. Kramer and Verhulst also provide the factors that triggered these tragedies; untreated seriously mentally ill person with access to military style weapons, and illegal psychoactive drugs. The authors provide many statistics regarding the number of crimes people with a mental illness have committed. As a reader I have to make sure these statistics are accurate. The authors of this article are psychiatrists. They are credible because they know first-hand what mentally ill patients go through. I think they could have included what treatment they provide patients. It would have been a good way for the reader to understand how doctors cure their patients. I dont think this article is one sided or biased because they are just providing information on the mentally ill. With this information I can explain how mentally ill

patient get in the mindset when they are having an episode, or explain how they are able to cause harm to others. Obama, Barack. "Remarks on Gun Violence." Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents (2013): 1-4. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. In this speech given by President Barack Obama, he gives his condolences to the people who has lost loved ones in the Sandy Hook shooting. Distraught about what happened he urges us to stand up for what is right in terms of gun control. In response, Obama cites that he is redefining the Second amendment to reduce gun control. Members of Congress will be voting on new laws that will be potentially passed in order to make people feel safer, President Obamas speech is directed toward the American people. He is trying to get them to help him reduce gun violence in America. Obama explains how it may be hard to initiate the laws because there are powerful voice on the opposing side. As a reader I would not have to question the credibility of this source because it was given directly by President Barack Obama. In his speech he mentions that there are people who are against making gun laws stricter but he doesnt really say why they are against it. I think it wouldve been better it he mentioned that. I would say this speech is kind of bias because he shuts down other people opinions on guns and he only share how people felt who were affected by the shooting. This source will be helpful to my research because he gives the proposals that the congress are voting on, and he vaguely tells how he plan to keep guns out of the hands of criminals and people who are mentally ill but the administration want to vote on new policies that can potentially help reduce the number of mass shootings.

Verma, Aditi. "Gun Control and Mental Illness." Penn Bioethics Journal 8.2 (2012): 6-7. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Jan. 2014. In this academic journal, Verma argues that the government should attempt to reduce the number of mentally ill patients instead of focusing on preventing people from buying guns. Relying on her research she addresses the behavior of people who are mentally ill. In response, she uses the study of a professor who studied two groups of people those who were mentally ill with a criminal history and people who were mentally ill without a criminal history. The results were that regulation decrease the risk of future violence by those with a mental illness, but increase future violence by those with a criminal history. Aiming towards a well-educated audience, Verma attempts to convince her readers that showing people with a mental illness that we have their best interest in mind will get more people to get help. While searching to get more information on this author I couldnt find enough information on her to say if she is credible or not. I would also have to do more research on the source or publication because when I looked them up it said it was journals written by students. This journal provides a lot of information on mental health, so I dont see anything that is missing. While reading I did not find anything that was biased about it. I can use this source to provide further information on mental health by showing that President Obama is trying to provide more funding for mental health treatment.