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# Name: _________________________________________

Teacher’s Code

## New Zealand Institute of Physics

PHYSICS
Level 2: 2007
90528 v2 Demonstrate understanding of physics in an integrated context

Credits: Three

## Answer ALL the questions in the spaces provided.

If you need more space for any answer, use the pages provided at the back of this booklet and clearly
number the question.

For all numerical answers, full working should be shown and the answer should be rounded to the
correct number of significant figures and given with an SI unit.

For all ‘describe’ or ‘explain’ questions, the answer should be in complete sentences with all logic fully
explained.

YOU MUST HAND THIS BOOKLET TO THE SUPERVISOR AT THE END OF THE ASSESSMENT.

## For Assessor’s use only

Achievement Criteria
Achievement Achievement Achievement
with Merit With Excellence

Identify or describe aspects of Give descriptions or explanations in Give concise explanations that
phenomena, concepts or principles terms of phenomena, concepts, show clear understanding, in terms
in an integrated context. principles and/or relationships. of phenomena, concepts, principles
and/or relationships.

## Overall Level of Performance

90528 • Demonstrate understanding of physics in an integrated context • Question and Answer Booklet 2007
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## You may find the following information and formulae useful:

Acceleration due to gravity = 10 ms 2 (2sf)

1 1 1 di h n1 v 2 λ 2
= + m= = i n1sinθ 1 = n2sinθ 2 = = v = fλ
f d o di do h o n2 v1 λ 1

∆d ∆v vi + vf
v= a= vf = vi + at d = vit + ½at2 d= t vf2 = vi2 + 2ad
∆t ∆t 2

W
p = mv ∆ p = F∆ t EP = ½kx2 EK = ½mv2 ∆ EP = mg∆ h W = Fd P=
t

v2 mv 2
F = ma τ = Fd F = −kx ac = Fc =
r r

V
E= F = Eq ∆ EP = Eqd EK = ½mv2 F = BIL F = Bqv V = BvL
d

q ΔE ΔE
I= V= V = IR P = IV P= RT = R1 + R2 + ….
t q t
1 1 1
= + + ...
R T R1 R 2

90528 • Demonstrate understanding of physics in an integrated context • Question and Answer Booklet 2007
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## It is recommended that you take 50 minutes to complete this assessment.

Annie and Brendan are sitting in the stand watching a game of tennis.

QUESTION ONE

One of the players is serving the ball. A serve is when the ball is thrown up into the air and then
hit by the racquet so that it goes over the net and hits the ground on the other side. The diagram
below shows the path of the ball from the instant it is hit by the racquet to when it hits the
ground.

38 m s−1

net

The radar gun measures the speed of the ball, after it was served, at 38 ms -1. The radar gun
measures the horizontal speed of the ball, but the ball leaves the racquet travelling downward
at an angle of 4.50° to the horizontal.

(a) [i] Show that the vertical speed of the ball as it leaves the racquet has an unrounded
value of 2.99066 ms-1.

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## [ii] Round this value to the correct number of significant figures.

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## Vertical speed = _______________________________

The ball follows a projectile path as it travels from the racquet to the ground on the opposite
side of the net.

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(b) Assuming friction with the air can be ignored, explain why the path of the ball, while it is
in the air, can be considered projectile motion.

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(c) If the ball is in the air for 0.47 s calculate the height above the ground at which the ball
left the racquet.

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Height = _____________________________________

(d) When the player serves the ball the force that is applied by the racquet strings against
the ball causes the strings to stretch a bit. Explain the energy changes that take place
while the ball is in contact with the racquet strings that cause the ball to travel forward off
the racquet.

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The ball bounces up high and is hit by the receiver’s racquet in such a way that it travels back
parallel to its incident path. The change in momentum of the ball is 2.3 kg ms-1.

23 m s−1
−1
17 m s

(e) Draw an arrow on the diagram to show the direction of the change in momentum.

(f) If the average force on the ball while it is in contact with the racquet is 410 N, calculate
the time that the ball is in contact with the racquet.

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Time = ______________________________________

## (g) Calculate the mass of the ball.

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Mass = ______________________________________

The ball hits the strings of the racquet, but the player holds the racquet by its handle and so
the impact of the ball on the racquet will try to make it pivot.

pivot

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(h) If the distance between the point of impact of the ball on the strings and the point on the
handle at which the racquet tries to pivot is 0.55 m, calculate the torque of the ball on the
racquet.

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Torque = ____________________________________

(i) Explain what the player must do to prevent the racquet from pivoting.

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QUESTION TWO

Annie finds it helpful to listen to a radio broadcast of the match while she is watching it. The
radio she is using does not require any batteries because her turning a handle generates the
power it uses. The action of turning the handle causes a coil of wire to turn inside a magnetic
field.

The diagram below shows one turn of the coil. As the coil rotates a voltage is induced across
PQ and across RS.

North South
Q R

P S

## (a) Explain why a voltage is not induced across QR.

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(b) Explain why the voltage induced across PQ will be in series with (i.e. it will not oppose)
the voltage induced across RS.

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The size of the magnetic field is 0.75 T, the dimensions of the loop are PQ = RS = 0.058 m, QR
= 0.018 m, and the speed of PQ and QR as they rotate is 0.23 ms-1.

(c) Calculate the size of the voltage induced across one complete turn of the coil.

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Voltage = ____________________________________

(d) The mass of an electron is 9.11 × 10-31 kg. Calculate the centripetal force on each
electron in PQ and RS of the coil.

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## Centripetal force = _____________________________

A simple representation of the electric circuit of the radio is shown. The resistance, R, includes
the resistance of the coil and of the other components needed to ensure the radio, including all

When the resistance of R1 is set at its maximum value of 31 Ω the total resistance of the circuit
is 29.2 Ω .

3.0 V
R
I 1.3 Ω

R1max = 31 Ω

R2

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(e) Show that the combined resistance of the two parallel resistors is 27.9 Ω .

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## (f) Calculate the current, I, in the circuit.

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Current = ____________________________________

## (g) Calculate the current through the 31 Ω resistor.

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Current = ____________________________________

## (h) Calculate the resistance of the resistor R2.

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Resistance = _________________________________

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(i) Explain what happens to the voltage across R when the resistance R1 is
reduced.

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(j) The upper part of the stand Annie is sitting in blocks the straight-line passage of
a radio wave from the transmitter but Annie’s eye does not receive a light wave
from the transmitter.

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QUESTION THREE

Brendan uses binoculars to get a better view of the action. Each side of the binoculars consists
of an objective lens and an eyepiece lens. The following diagram (not to scale) is a simplified
representation of the arrangement of the lenses.

objective
eyepiece lens
lens light from a
distant point

objective
image

(a) If the focal length of the objective lens is 0.15 m calculate the image distance of a point
on an object that is 15 m from the lens.

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## Image distance = ______________________________

To make the physical size of the binoculars as small as possible, prisms are used to cause
multiple reflections between the objective lens and image. The diagram shows the principle of
this arrangement.

(b) The angle of incidence at each reflecting surface is 45°. If this is the critical angle
calculate the refractive index of the material of the prisms.

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## Refractive index = _____________________________

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The image created by the objective lens becomes the object of the eyepiece lens.

(c) Suggest a reason why the image created by the eyepiece lens should be virtual.

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(d) If the focal length of the eyepiece is 20 mm and the magnification is 8, calculate the
distance of the objective image from the eyepiece lens (i.e. the object distance for the
eyepiece lens).

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## Object distance = ______________________________

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Question
Number If you need more space for any answer, continue here. Clearly number the question.
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90528 • Demonstrate understanding of physics in an integrated context • Question and Answer Booklet 2007