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# Dictionar Englez-Roman de Termeni Matematici

A

analogical analogy analysis analyze angle anticosine antisine applicate approximate solution arbitrary arc arccosine arc-length arcsine arctangent area argument argument of a function arithmetic mean arithmetic progression associative law associative property assumption asymmetric(al) asymmetry asymptote asymptotes of a hyperbola average average value axiom axis

analogic analogie analiz a analiza unghi arccosinus arcsinus aplicat soluie aproximativ arbitrar arc arccosinus lungimea arcului arcsinus arctangent arie argument argument al funciei medie aritmetic progresie aritmetic lege asociativ proprietate asociativ presupunere asimetric asimetrie asimptot asimptote ale hiperbolei valoare medie valoare medie axiom ax

B
back-substitution bar base base angle {of a triangle} base vector substituie invers linie de fracie baz unghi la baz a triunghiului vector de baz

basis billion binary binomial binomial coefficient binomial expansion binomial formula biquadratic equation bisector bisectrix bounded interval braces brackets branch bridging brocken line

baz bilion binar binom coeficient binomial descompunere binomial formula binomului ecuaie bipatrat bisectoare bisectoare interval mrginit paranteze figurate paranteze patrate ramur translaie linie frnt

C
calculus cancel canonical Cartesian coordinate system Cartesian coordinates central angle central conic central symmetry centre centre of the escribed circle center change of variable chord circle circumcenter circumscribed figure closed closed interval coefficient coincident analiz matematic, calcul a simplifica canonic sistem cartezian de coordonate coordonate carteziene unghi la centru seciune conic central simetrie central centru centru unei circumferine exnscrise centru schimb de variabil coard cerc centrul circumferinei circumscrise figur circumscris nchis interval nchis, segment coeficient coincident

collinearity combination combine similar terms common denominator common difference common divisor common factor common fraction common logs common multiple common ratio commutative law comparation complementary angle complete induction complete solution complex number computable computation concave concave Curve concave function concentric circles condition cone congruence congruent angles congruent figures congruent polygons congruent segments conic conic section conjugate conjugate angle conjugate roots consecutive integers constant continuity

coliniaritate combinaie reducere a termenilor asemenea numitor comun raie a unei progresii aritmetice divizor comun divizor comun fracie ordinar logaritm zecimal multiplu comun raie a unei progresii geometrice lege comutativ comparaie, comparare unghi complementar {pn la 90o} inducie complet soluie complet numr complex calculabil calcul concav curb concav funcie concav cercuri concentrice condiie con congruen unghiuri congruente figuri congruente poligoane congruente segmente congruente seciune conic seciune conic conjugat unghi suplimentar pn la 360o rdcini conjugate numere ntregi consecutive constant continuitate

continuous function convex convex Curve convex polygon convexity coordinate coordinate axis coordinate system coplanar coplanar vector coprime numbers corollary corresponding angles count criterion criterion for divisibility cross-product cube cubic cubic Curve Curve cut cylinder

funcie continu convex curb convex poligon convex convexitate coordonat ax de coordonate sistem de coordonate coplanar vector coplanar numere reciproc prime consecin, corolar unghiuri corespondente a calcula criteriu criteriu de divizibilitate produs vectorial cub curb cubic curb cubic curb seciune cilindru

D
data decimal decimal fraction decimal number decision decomposition decomposition of a fraction decrease decreasing function deduction define definition degenerate date zecimal fracie zecimal numr zecimal decizie descompunere descompunere a unei fracii a descrete funcie descrescatoare deducie a defini definiie degenerat

degenerate conic degree degree of a polinomial denominator dependent derivative derivative at a point determinant determine deviation diagonal diagonal element diagonal matrix diameter diametrically opposite point difference differentiability differentiable function differential of area digit dihedral angle dilatation dimension direction direction cosine directly proportional discontinuous discontinuous function discriminant disposition distance distinct distributive law dividend divisable {by} division division algorithm divisor

seciune conic degenerat putere, ordin, grad, exponent grad al polinomului numitor dependent derivat derivat n punct determinant a determina deviaie, deviere diagonal element diagonal matrice diagonal diametru punct diametral opus diferen derivabilitate, difereniabilitate funcie difereniabil element de arie cifr unghi diedru delatare dimensiune direcie cosinus director direct proporional discontinuu funcie discontinu discriminant amplasare distan distinct lege distributiv demprit divizibil {prin} divizare algoritm de divizare divizor

domain domain of definition dot dot product dotted line double root dual duality principle

domeniu domeniu de definiie punct produs scalar linie punctat rdcin dubl dual principiul dualitii

E
edge element element of area elimination elimination by substitution elimination method ellipse empty set equation equation of a straight line equilateral equilateral polygon equilateral triangle equivalent equivalent figure error escribed essential estimation Euclidean algorithm Euclidean geometry Euclidean space evaluation evaluation of determinant even even function even number everywhere defined muchie element element de arie eliminare eliminare prin substituie metoda eliminrii elips mulime vid ecuaie ecuaie a liniei drepte echilateral poligon regulat triunghi echilateral echivalent figur congruent eroare circumscris, exnscris esenial estimaie algoritmul lui Euclid geometrie euclidian spaiu euclidian evaluare calculul determinantului par funcie par numr par definit peste tot

exact exact division exact solution example excentre exclusion existential quantifier expansion expansion of a determinant explementary angle exponent exponential exponential equation expression exterior angle {of a triangle} extremal extremum point

exact mprire fr rest soluie exact exemplu centru al unei circumferine exnscrise excepie cuantor existenial descompunere, dezvoltare dezvoltare a determinantului unghi complementar pn la 360o exponent, ordin exponenial ecuaie exponenial expresie unghi exterior {al triunghiului} extremal punct de extremum

F
factor factor theorem factoring factorization family field first derivative first-order equation flow chart flux focal point focus foot {of a perpendicular} formula fraction function function of a complex variable function of a single variable function of several variables factor, multiplicator teorema lui Bezout descompunere n factori descompunere n factori familie cmp prim derivat ecuaie de ordinul nti schem bloc flux punct focal focar picior al perpendicularei formul fracie funcie funcie de variabil complex funcie de o variabil funcie de mai multe variabile

## - fundamental - teorem fundamental a aritmeticii

G
general general form general solution general term geometric average geometric locus geometric mean geometric progression geometry grade greatest common divisor greatest common factor general form general soluie general termen general medie geometric loc geometric al punctelor medie geometric progresie geometric geometrie grad, exponent, putere cel mai mare divizor comun cel mai mare divizor comun

H
half-angle formulas halve height hemisphere hexagon hexaeder hexahedron hill climbing homogeneous homogeneous equation homogeneous system horizontal horizontal axis Horner's scheme hyperbola hyperbolic hypotenuse hypothesis formule ale jumtii unui unghi a mpri n dou {n jumtate} nlime semisfer hexagon hexaedru hexaedru determinarea extremului omogen ecuaie omogen sistem omogen orizontal ax orizontal schema lui Horner hiperbol hiperbolic ipotenuz ipotez

identity if and only if image implication improper fraction incenter incircle include inclusion inconsistent incorrect increase increment indefinite independent independent variable indeterminancy induction inequality infinite infinite decimal fraction inflexion inhomogeneous initial initial condition initial value inscribe inscribed angle inscribed circle inscribed polygon integer number integral integral Curve integrand integration by parts integration constant inter-stage function intercept

identitate dac i numai dac imagine implicaie fracie supraunitar centrul circumferinei nscrise circumferin nscris a include incluziune incompatibil incorect a crete cretere nedeterminat independent variabil independent nedeterminare inducie inecuaie infinit fracie zecimal infinit inflexiune neomogen iniial condiie iniial valoare iniial a nscrie unghi nscris circumferin nscris poligon nscris numr ntreg integral curb integral expresie de sub integral integrare prin pri constant de integrare funcie n scar segment

intercept theorem interdependency interior angle intersection interval inverse inversely proportional irrational number irreductibility isosceles triangle

teorema lui Thales interdependen unghi interior intersecie interval invers invers proporional numr iraional ireductibilitate triunghi isoscel

J
jump jump function - salt - funcie n scar

K
kilogram(me) kilometre known - kilogram - kilometru - cunoscut

L
law law of composition law of sines law of the excluded middle least common denominator least common multiple leg Leibniz rule lemma length like denominators like signs limit limit value limits of integration line line segment lege lege de compoziie teorema sinusurilor legea terului exclus cel mai mic numitor comun cel mai mic multiplu comun fa lateral formula lui Leibniz lem lungime numitori identici aceleai semne limit valoare limit limite de integrare dreapt segment liniar

linear linear equation linear function linear independency linearity local logarithm lower limit lowest common denominator lowest common multiple lozenge

liniar ecuaie de gradul nti (liniar) funcie liniar independen liniar liniaritate local logaritm limit inferioar cel mai mic numitor comun cel mai mic multiplu comun romb

M
magnitude main diagonal major axis many-variable system map mapping meter mathematical induction mathematics matrix matrix of the transformation maximum mean mean proportional measurable measure median {of a triangle} member {of a set} minimum minuend minus {sign} module monom monotone decreasing function monotone increasing function mrime diagonal principal ax principal sistem cu mai multe necunoscute imagine, aplicaie imagine, aplicaie metru inducie matematic matematic matrice matrice de transformare maximum, maxim medie aritmetic medie geometric msurabil msur median element {al mulimii} minimum, minim desczut semnul scderii modul monom funcie monoton descresctoare funcie monoton cresctoare

monotonic function monotonous multiple multiplex multiplicand multiplication multiplier multiply mutually mutually disjoint

funcie monoton monoton multiplu multiplu, repetat denmulit nmulire, multiplicare nmulitor, multiplicator a nmuli mutual mutual disjuncte

N
natural logarithm natural number necessary and sufficient condition negative negligible node non-decreasing non-degnerate non-degenerate conic non-degenerate conic section non-linear non-linear equation non-orthogonal coordinate system non-periodic non-symmetric non-terminating decimal non-trivial solution non-zero solution normal normal to the surface normal vector null-vector null-matrix null-set number number line logaritm natural numr natural condiie necesar i suficient negativ neglijabil nod nedescresctor nedegenerat seciune conic nedegenerat seciune conic nedegenerat neliniar ecuaie neliniar sistem neortogonal de coordonate neperiodic nesimetric fracie zecimal infinit soluie netrivial soluie nenul normal, perpendicular normal la suprafa vector normal vector nul matrice nul mulime vid numr dreapt numeric

numerator

- numrtor

O
oblique obtuse angle obtuse triangle octagon odd odd-function one-to-one open interval opposite interior angles order order of derivative order of equation ordered pair ordinal number ordinate origin {of coordinates} orthogonal base orthogonal coordnate system orthonormal basis oval oblic unghi obtuz triunghi obtuzunghic octagon impar funcie impar biunivoc interval deschis unghiuri alterne interioare ordine ordin al derivatei ordinul ecuaiei cuplu ordonat numr ordinal ordonat origine de coordonate baz ortogonal sistem ortogonal de coordonate baz ortonormat oval

P
pair parabola parabolic parallel parallelepiped parallelogram parallelogram law parallelogram rule parameter parametric form parentheses partial fraction partial-fraction expansion cuplu parabol parabolic paralel paralelepiped paralelogram regula paralelogramului regula paralelogramului parametru form parametric paranteze rotunde fracie elementar descompunere n fracii elementare

pencil pencil of lines pentagon per cent perimeter period periodic decimal fraction periodic function periodic solution permissible solution perpendicular pivot plane plane geometry planimetry plus sign point point of discontinuity point of inflexion polygon polyhedron polynomial positive possibility power pre-image preceding prime factorization prime number pimitive principal principal axis principal diagonal principle of complete induction prism product progression projection

fascicul fascicul de drepte pentagon procent perimertu perioad fracie zecimal periodic funcie periodic soluie periodic soluie admisibil perpendicular ax de rotaie, centru de rotaie plan planimetrie planimetrie semnul adunrii, plus punct punct de discontinuitate punct de inflexiune poligon poliedru polinom pozitiv posibilitate putere, exponent preimagine precedent descompunere n factori primi numr prim funcie primitiv principal ax principal diagonal principal metoda induciei complete prizm produs progresie proiecie

proof proper factor proper fraction property proportion proposition prove pyramid Pythagorean theorem

demonstraie divizor propriu fracie subunitar proprietate proporie propoziie a demonstra piramid teorema lui Pythagoras

Q

R
radian radical radical sign radius radius vector raise to a power range rank of a matrix ratio rational rational function rational number ray real real number reciprocal matrix rectangle rectangular coordonate system radian radical, semnul rdcinii radical, semnul rdcinii raz raz vectoare a ridica la putere mulime de valori, domeniu rang al unei matrici ct, raport raional funcie raional numr raional semidreapt real numr real matrice invers dreptunghi sistem rectangular de coordonate

reduce reducible regular polygon relation relative relatively prime numbers remainder repeated root replace represent rest restriction rhomb rhombus right angle right triangle root rotation round rounding error rule

a reduce reductibil poligon regulat relaie, raport relativ numere reciproc prime rest rdcin multipl a substitui, a nlocui a reprezenta rest restricie romb romb unghi drept triunghi dreptunghic rdcin rotaie a rotunji eroare de rotunjire regul

S
same denominators satisfy scalar scalene triangle secant sector of a circle segment semi-circle semiclosed interval set set theory side {of an angle} sign signum function similar fractions numitori identici a satisface scalar triunghi scalen secant sector circular segment semicerc interval seminchis mulime teoria mulimilor latur {a unui unghi} semn funcia signum fracii cu numitori egali

similar polygons similar terms similar triangle similarity similitude simple simple root simplification sine Curve sine rule single single root skew lines slope slope angle slope formula slope-intercept form of a straight line equation solution {of a problem} solution set solve space speed sphere square square brackets square root standard form statement step function straight straight angle straight-line straight-line segment stretching strict strongly monotonic subset

- poligoane asemenea - termeni asemenea - triunghi asemenea - asemnare - asemnare - simplu - rdcin simpl - simplificare - sinusoid - teorema sinusurilor - unic - rdcin simpl - drepte neconcurente - nclinare, coeficient unghiular - unghi de nclinare - formula coeficientului unghiular - ecuaie a unei drepte cu coeficient unghiular - soluie {a unei probleme} - mulime de soluii - a soluiona, a rezolva - spaiu - vitez - sfer - patrat, a ridica la patrat - paranteze patrate - rdcin patrat - form standard - propoziie, afirmaie - funcie n scar - drept - unghi ntins, unghi plin - linie dreapt - segment liniar - delatare - strict - strict monoton - submulime

substitution subtraction subtrahend sum summand supplementary angles surface surface area surface element surface of revolution symbol symmetric symmetric function synthetic division system system of linear equations

substituie scdere scztor sum termen al sumei unghiuri suplimentare {pn la 180o} suprafat arie a suprafeei element de arie {al suprafeei} suprafa de rotaie simbol simetric funcie simetric, funcie par schema lui Horner sistem sistem de ecuaii liniare

T
tangent tangent line tangent plane term term of a fraction terminating decimal fraction tetragon tetrahedron theorem theory transcendental number transform transform of coordinates transitivity translation trapezium trapezoid triangle triangular trigonometric tangent linie tangent plan tangent termen numrtor al fraciei fracie zecimal finit patrulater tetraedru teorem teorie numr transcendent a transforma transformare de coordonate tranzitivitate translare trapez trapez triunghi triunghiular trigonometric

## funcie trigonometric trigonometrie trisecie a unui unghi veridicitate

U
unambiguous unbounded uncertainty undefined undetermined unequal union unique solution uniqueness unit unit circle unit tangent vector unit vector universal quantifier universal set unknown unlike denominators unsymmetric univoc nemrginit incertitudine, nedeterminare nedefinit nedeterminat inegal, diferit reuniune soluie unic unicitate unitate circumferin unitar vector tangent unitar vector unitar cuantor universal mulime universal necunoscut numitori diferii asimetric

V
valid value vanish variable vector vector product velocity verify vertex vertex angles vertical vertical axis valid, valabil valoare a se anula, a disprea variabil vector produs vectorial vitez a verifica vrf unghiuri opuse la vrf vertical ax vertical

## - invers, reciproc - linie de fracie - volum

W
way well-defined whole - drum, distant - bine definit - tot, n ntregime

X
x-axis x-intercept xy-plane - axa x - segment de pe axa x - plan xOy

Y
y-axis - axa y

Z
z-axis zero zero solution - axa z - zero - soluie nul

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