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LegalLegal TranslationTranslation WorkshopWorkshop ا ا An introduction to Legal Translation دا إ ا ل آ
LegalLegal TranslationTranslation WorkshopWorkshop
ا ا
An introduction to Legal Translation
دا إ
ا ل آ أ
ا او ا ر و ا ر ا
ا ا ا ير ا
و ا و ا ف ا آ م أ م
0127527090
aa.safwah@gmail.com
The Kadesh Treaty
The Kadesh Treaty
اا وو اا اا حوروحورو وو وو نن اا اا اا وو تاذتاذ ىى اا
اا وو اا اا
حوروحورو وو وو نن اا
اا اا وو
تاذتاذ ىى اا رر اواو
ً ً اا
اا
لل رر وو اا اا نن اا وو وو دد اا هه اا اا فافا
لل رر وو اا اا
نن اا
وو وو دد اا هه اا اا
فافا اا اا اا
ً ً وو
ً ً
مم اا زز وو ،ع،ع اا تاذتاذ تت اواو
ضض
وأوأ فف اا نودنود اا
هه اا نن هه اا
عع --تت اا اواو تت اا اا
اا اا مم وو
ةرةر وو
ActivityActivity (1)(1) FirstFirst PartyParty shallshall paypay thethe brokerage'brokerage' feesfees notnot
ActivityActivity (1)(1)
FirstFirst PartyParty shallshall paypay thethe brokerage'brokerage' feesfees
notnot lessless thanthan threethree monthsmonths
ةة اا مم رر نأنأ لولو اا فف اا
أأ زوزو ةة
زوزو اا بب أأ لولو اا فف اا مم
أأ اا
لولو اا فف اا ،، أأ نن
اا
ةة
ActivityActivity (2)(2) TheThe CourtCourt willwill bebe decideddecided thethe limitationlimitation challengechallenge
ActivityActivity (2)(2)
TheThe CourtCourt willwill bebe decideddecided thethe limitationlimitation
challengechallenge afterafter nextnext hearing.hearing.
ِ ِ ْ ْ َ َ اا ضاضا ِ ِ ْ ْ اِاِ اا رر فف
دد اا عع اا
اا ِ ِ ْ ْ َ َ اا اا رر
دد اا آآ اا
اا ىى اا اا اا
دد اا اا رر اا اا
ActivityActivity (3)(3) TheThe evidenceevidence atat trialtrial establishedestablished thatthat ClaimantClaimant hadhad
ActivityActivity (3)(3)
TheThe evidenceevidence atat trialtrial establishedestablished thatthat
ClaimantClaimant hadhad actualactual authorityauthority toto
contractcontract onon behalfbehalf ofof thethe DefendantDefendant
آآ ُ ُ اا نأنأ ىى اا ءء أأ دد اا تت أأ
ِ ِ ْ ْ َ َ َ َ ً ً ُ ُ اا فف اا
ُ ُ اا َ َ َآَآ َ َ ُ ُ اا دأدأ
ِ ِ ْ ْ َ َ َ َ ً ً ُ ُ اا
لل نن آآ ُ ُ اا نأنأ َ َ َآَآ َ َ ُ ُ اا ءء أأ اا أأ
ِ ِ ْ ْ َ َ َ َ ً ً ُ ُ اا فف
ActivityActivity (4)(4) ArbitrationArbitration awardaward dischargeddischarged thethe innocentinnocent CompanyCompany
ActivityActivity (4)(4)
ArbitrationArbitration awardaward dischargeddischarged thethe
innocentinnocent CompanyCompany toto conductconduct thesethese
transactionstransactions withwith thethe otherother party.party.
هه آآ آآ اا نأنأ اا
اا تت اا
هه رر آآ اا ةءاةءا اا رارا دد أأ
اا فف اا تت اا
اا آآ آآ اا نأنأ اا رارا رر أأ
اا تت اا هه ماما إإ
ActivityActivity (5)(5) AA tribunaltribunal isis establishedestablished byby thethe presentpresent statutestatute asas
ActivityActivity (5)(5)
AA tribunaltribunal isis establishedestablished byby thethe
presentpresent statutestatute asas thethe firstfirst instanceinstance
ofof thethe twotwo--tiertier formalformal systemsystem ofof
administrationadministration ofof justice,justice, toto bebe
knownknown asas thethe UnitedUnited NationsNations
DisputeDispute TribunalTribunal
فف اا مم اا اا هه رر اا هرهر ،ت،ت زز ةة اا اا رر
فف اا مم اا اا هه
رر اا هرهر ،ت،ت زز ةة اا اا
رر اا يذيذ اا لل اا إإ مم وو اا
اا فف نن اا اا هه
ردرد اا أأ سس أأ تت زز ةة اا
اا اا اا مم ً ً وو
ردرد اا اا نن اا اا هه
مم
ً ً وو تت زز ةة اا اا فف وو
اا اا اا
: prison distress, seize staying .
:
prison
distress, seize
staying
.
اا اا نن اا أأ --11 اا اا مم --22 :: AMPAROAMPARO .(.(temporarytemporary
اا اا
نن اا أأ --11
اا اا مم --22
:: AMPAROAMPARO
.(.(temporarytemporary protectionprotection))
ً ً أأ --33
هوهو تاتا ً ً ً ً عع اذإاذإ اا لل إإ نأنأ ىى زز ،،
هوهو تاتا
ً ً
ً ً
عع اذإاذإ
اا لل إإ نأنأ ىى زز ،،
اا وو وو آآ اا نن وو
وأوأ اا ،ر،ر
ActivityActivity (6)(6) "" CivilCivil personalitypersonality isis extinguishedextinguished byby death.death.
ActivityActivity (6)(6)
"" CivilCivil personalitypersonality isis extinguishedextinguished byby
death.death. TheThe effecteffect ofof deathdeath uponupon thethe
rightsrights andand obligationsobligations ofof thethe deceaseddeceased
isis determineddetermined byby law,law, byby contractcontract andand
byby will"will"
اا (( NatureNature PersonalityPersonality )) اا اا --أأ (( juridicaljuridical personalitypersonality)) رر
اا
(( NatureNature PersonalityPersonality )) اا اا --أأ
(( juridicaljuridical personalitypersonality)) رر اا اا --بب
Civil Personality
ن او ا ا ا
ي ا
ءء اا اا اا صص اا نأنأ اا اا ءء اا :: اا رر اا
ءء اا اا
اا صص اا
نأنأ اا اا ءء اا
:: اا رر اا
-- اا زز نإنإ –– اا اا نأنأ
اا وو أأ ُ ُ فف
اا وو اا اا اا نأنأ
تت بب إإ يديد اا
اا ءء نأنأ آآ
تت وو تت زز وو
نن
اا ةرةر إإ يديد
اا اا اا ىى اا اا اا اا يأيأ)) اا -- ً ً وأوأ وأوأ
اا اا اا
ىى
اا
اا اا اا يأيأ)) اا -- ً ً وأوأ
وأوأ اا لل اا اا ،، اا
.(.(ماما اا
اا مم يي اا ماما اا هه يأيأ)) اا -- ً ً
.(.( اا اا اا قق اا هه وأوأ
اا وأوأ ،، اا اا اا -- ً ً
اا اا اا InjunctiveInjunctive reliefrelief SurvivalSurvival hereinafterhereinafter
اا اا اا
InjunctiveInjunctive reliefrelief
SurvivalSurvival
hereinafterhereinafter
اا اا ِ ِ ْ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ُ ُ اا TenantTenant هه
اا اا
ِ ِ ْ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ُ ُ اا TenantTenant هه هه اا -- ً ً وأوأ
subsub--letlet oror commissioncommission oror anyany اا -- ً ً
otherother typetype ofof businessbusiness
َ َ ُ ُ اا LandlordLandlord هه هه اا -- ً ً
اا اا أأ أأ
لزلز اا وأوأ ،، اا اا زز عع يأّيأّ رر وأوأ ،ر،ر اا ةة اا
لزلز اا وأوأ ،، اا اا زز
عع يأّيأّ
رر وأوأ ،ر،ر اا
ةة اا اا اداد رر اا لل اا
اا ً ً اا صص اا ضاضا اا
اا اا نونو
لل TenantTenant isis notnot allowedallowed toto have,have, subsub--letlet oror assignmentassignment oror anyany
لل
TenantTenant isis notnot allowedallowed toto have,have, subsub--letlet
oror assignmentassignment oror anyany otherother typetype ofof
businessbusiness withinwithin thethe LeasedLeased otherother thanthan
whatwhat isis expresslyexpressly allowedallowed heretohereto
unlessunless approvedapproved inin writingwriting fromfrom
Landlord,Landlord, inin advanced.advanced.
اا اا تت نأنأ ،، هه آوآو اا اا تت فف نأنأ اا تت اا
اا اا تت
نأنأ ،، هه آوآو اا
اا تت فف نأنأ
اا تت اا
LegalLegal TranslationTranslation
اا اا طط أأ :: وأوأ
TypologyTypology
TheThe NatureNature ofof LegalLegal
اا اا :: ً ً
LanguageLanguage
SourcesSources ofof اا اا إإ ردرد :: ً ً
DifficultyDifficulty inin LegalLegal TranslationTranslation
LegalLegal Translator'sTranslator's
اا اا وو :: ً ً
taskstasks
ارار
اا اا ىى أأ إإ صص اا تت اا مم مم اا اا اا اا
اا اا
ىى أأ إإ صص اا
تت اا مم مم اا اا
اا اا اا لل أوأو اا
اا تت اواو اا اا نزانزا
اا اا وو اا تاتا هه اواو اا تت اا --11 translatingtranslating domesticdomestic
اا اا
وو اا تاتا هه اواو اا تت اا --11
translatingtranslating domesticdomestic statutesstatutes andand internationalinternational treatiestreaties
اا اا اا --22
translatingtranslating privateprivate legallegal documentsdocuments
قاروأقاروأ)) اا مم اا
اا اا اا --33
(( اا
translatingtranslating casecase lawlaw
اا اا --44
translatingtranslating nonnon enforceableenforceable law,law, e.g.e.g. legallegal scholarlyscholarly worksworks
وو اا تاتا هه اواو اا تت اا TRANSLATINGTRANSLATING DOMESTICDOMESTIC STATUTESSTATUTES ANDAND
وو اا تاتا هه اواو اا تت اا
TRANSLATINGTRANSLATING DOMESTICDOMESTIC STATUTESSTATUTES ANDAND INTERNATIONALINTERNATIONAL TRETREATIESATIES
BasicBasic ConceptionsConceptions أأ هه
نن اا
PublicPublic LawLaw مم
نن
PrivatePrivate LawLaw صص نن
–– اا نن اا --يرير اا
نن اا )) مم اا نن اا
.(.( اا نن اا –– يراديراد اا نن اا
هه :: اا ءاءا اا ((أأ)) اا صص اا كك اا بب آآ نن اا
هه
:: اا ءاءا اا ((أأ))
اا صص اا كك اا بب آآ نن اا هدهد تت اا
:: وو اا
CapitalCapital punishmentpunishment ماما اا
prisonprison اا
jailjail oror imprisonmentimprisonment اا
finefine اا اا
PrisonPrison andand JailJail قق اا
اا أأ إإ اا يي قرقر كك هه أأ رر
:: اا اا اا
نن اا ةة نن اا ءء هه إإ ((prisonprison))
وأوأ نن
ً ً وو آآ اا نونو هه ((JailJail)) أأ ،ي،ي آآ
اا
:: اا ءاءا اا ((بب)) nullitynullity oror invalidityinvalidity نن اا revocationrevocation اا
:: اا ءاءا اا ((بب))
nullitynullity oror invalidityinvalidity نن اا
revocationrevocation اا
compensationcompensation oror indemnityindemnity اا
CompensationCompensation andand indemnityindemnity قق اا
مأمأ ،ل،ل اواو اا
ً ً اداد CompensationCompensation
دد
اا
indemnityindemnity
DisciplinaryDisciplinary
(( دد اا تاءاتاءا اا)) يراديراد اا ءاءا اا
اا تت اا تت اا لل اا ً ً MeaningMeaning andand SpellingSpelling ofof WordsWords AndAnd
اا تت اا تت اا لل اا ً ً
MeaningMeaning andand SpellingSpelling ofof WordsWords
AndAnd andand OrOr ::لل اا :: ً ً وأوأ
aa husbandhusband andand fatherfather ……
aa husbandhusband andand aa fatherfather ……
AA fatherfather andand aa husbandhusband shallshall filefile aa statementstatement
AA ministerminister ofof educationeducation andand aa ministerminister ofof healthhealth shshallall signsign thethe AgreementAgreement
AA ministerminister ofof education,education, andand aa MinisterMinister ofof healthhealth sshallhall signsign thethe
AgreementAgreement
AA ministerminister ofof educationeducation oror aa MinisterMinister ofof healthhealth shshallall signsign thethe AgreementAgreement
……
اا اا صص اا نن اا عوعو CivilCivil LawLaw اا نن اا –– ً ً
اا اا
صص اا نن اا عوعو
CivilCivil LawLaw اا نن اا –– ً ً وأوأ
آآ وأوأ "" StatutesStatutes LawLaw "" :: اا لالا اا --11
FamilyFamily LawLaw ""ةة اا نن "" نن اا
اا اا اا ،، تت اا --22
نن اا لل اا وو ،، لل اا دادا اا ةة دد اا
تاذتاذ تت اا اا وو ،، قق نن
وأوأ ،، إإ هه وو
دد نن اا هه
."." RealReal RightRight "" اا اا --أأ
"" PersonalPersonal RightRight "" اا اا --بب
نن اا تت OrdinanceOrdinance ActAct StatueStatue CodeCode DecreeDecree OrderOrder
نن اا تت
OrdinanceOrdinance
ActAct
StatueStatue
CodeCode
DecreeDecree
OrderOrder
ActivityActivity 88 WhichWhich LawLaw dealsdeals withwith thethe followingfollowing matters.matters. IgnoranceIgnorance
ActivityActivity 88
WhichWhich LawLaw dealsdeals withwith thethe followingfollowing matters.matters.
IgnoranceIgnorance ofof thethe lawlaw doesdoes notnot affordafford anyany excuseexcuse forfor (1(1
anan actact oror omissionomission whichwhich wouldwould otherwiseotherwise constituteconstitute
anan offence,offence, unlessunless knowledgeknowledge ofof thethe lawlaw byby thethe
offenderoffender isis expresslyexpressly declareddeclared toto bebe anan elementelement ofof thethe
offenceoffence
2)2) ShipsShips ofof anyany nationalitynationality areare forbiddenforbidden toto dischadischargerge oiloil
oror oilyoily mixturesmixtures inin thethe territorialterritorial seasea oror thethe exclexclusiveusive
economiceconomic zonezone ofof thethe ArabArab RepublicRepublic ofof Egypt.Egypt.
3)3) AnAn agreementagreement byby whichwhich thethe professionalprofessional activitieactivitiess ofof
aa commercialcommercial agentagent areare restrictedrestricted afterafter thethe
cancellationcancellation ofof thethe commercialcommercial agencyagency contractcontract
(restrictions(restrictions onon competition)competition) shallshall bebe enteredentered intointo inin
writing.writing.
4)4) TheThe wages,wages, lessless lawfullawful deductions,deductions, earnedearned byby butbut notnot yetyet paidpaid
4)4) TheThe wages,wages, lessless lawfullawful deductions,deductions, earnedearned byby butbut notnot yetyet paidpaid
toto anan employeeemployee whosewhose contractcontract ofof serviceservice terminatesterminates inin
accordanceaccordance withwith sectionsection 11(1)11(1) oror ofof sectionsection 1212 shalshalll bebe paidpaid toto
suchsuch employeeemployee notnot laterlater thanthan thethe dayday onon whichwhich suchsuch contractcontract ofof
serviceservice soso terminates.terminates.
5)5) CivilCivil servantsservants areare promotedpromoted toto thethe immediatelyimmediately ffollowingollowing
uniformuniform rank,rank, ifif theythey havehave completedcompleted thethe requiredrequired ttimeime ofof
serviceservice atat theirtheir currentcurrent rankrank andand ifif theythey havehave thethe
materialmaterial qualificationsqualifications accordingaccording toto thethe informatioinformationn inin theirtheir
personalpersonal recordsrecords
InIn particularparticular inin regardregard withwith thethe promotionpromotion toto rankrank A,A, aa civilcivil seservantrvant
mustmust undisputedlyundisputedly
havehave thethe materialmaterial qualificationsqualifications requiredrequired accordingaccording toto thethe
informationinformation inin hishis personalpersonal
record.record.
6)6) AA lawsuitlawsuit arisingarising fromfrom airair transporttransport shallshall bebe ununderder thethe
jurisdictionjurisdiction ofof thethe people'speople's courtcourt inin thethe placeplace whewherere thethe
transporttransport began,began, wherewhere itit endedended oror wherewhere thethe contracontractct waswas
signed.signed.
اا اا اا --22 translatingtranslating privateprivate legallegal documentsdocuments دد دد وو وأوأ
اا اا اا --22
translatingtranslating privateprivate legallegal documentsdocuments
دد دد وو وأوأ ءء آآ آأآأ وأوأ قق اا هه اا
وأوأ ماما اا ءء إإ دارإدارإ اا هه ىى أأ ةرةر وأوأ
:: (( ContractContract )) وو(( AgreementAgreement )) قق اا وو اا قق اا
وأوأ وأوأ ماما اا ءء إإ آأآأ وأوأ دارإدارإ اا "" ::(( AgreementAgreement ))
تت اا اا ،، اا ماما اا ءء إإ قق
إإ
وأوأ اا اا اا ماما اا قق اا وو
ماما اا قق اا وو
يي اا وو اا آآ
وأوأ اا اداد اا
ءء إإ قق اا وو
طط إإ وأوأ ماما أأ نانا اا قق اا
اا
ءء اا ماما اا
قق
اا أأ (( ContractContract )) اا أأ
ماما اا ءء إإ وأوأ هه اا اا رر
رر اا دد اا CommercialCommercial contractscontracts رر اا دد اا نأنأ لل اا هذهذ
رر اا دد اا
CommercialCommercial contractscontracts رر اا دد اا
نأنأ لل اا هذهذ وو ،، يرير اا ادًادً
ً ً نن اا
اا اا أأ ،، ىرىر عوعو مم هه يرير اا اا
يرير عوعو صص وأوأ اا آآ نأنأ اواو نن اا ءء
يرير
:: رر اا دد اا
وو ،، رر اا آآ اواو هه اواو اا
وو ،، رر اا
تت اا دد --11
رر اا تت آآ اا
وو اواو اا اا
يرير اا اا
وو دد اا هه وو ،ت،ت آآ اا دد --22
لوالوا اا تاتا اا وو ،، رر اا قاقارورو اا --33
اا
تت آآ اا لل اا LegalLegal FormsForms ofof CommercialCommercial CompaniesCompanies GeneralGeneral
تت آآ اا لل اا
LegalLegal FormsForms ofof CommercialCommercial CompaniesCompanies
GeneralGeneral Partnership:Partnership: اا آآ --
:: اا آآ اا وو
mademade andand enteredentered intointo thisthis………………
اا رر --11
Partners'Partners' namename اا ءء آآ اا ءء أأ --22
Company'sCompany's addressaddress آآ اا نانا --33
principalprincipal officeoffice ofof businessbusiness آآ اا آآ --44
Company'sCompany's objectobject آآ اا ضض --55
CapitalCapital آآ اا لل سأرسأر --66
Company'sCompany's termterm آآ اا ةة --77
ManagementManagement
FiscalFiscal yearyear
آآ اا ةرادإةرادإ --88
اا اا --99
ProfitsProfits andand LossesLosses اا وو حح رر اا --1010
WithdrawalWithdrawal andand assignmentassignment ofof sharesshares اا لزلز اا وو بب اا --1111
WindingWinding--upup
DissolutionDissolution آآ اا --1212
andand liquidationliquidation وو آآ اا --1313
LimitedLimited PartnershipPartnership اا اا آآ -- ParticularParticular PartnershipPartnership اا آآ --
LimitedLimited PartnershipPartnership اا اا آآ --
ParticularParticular PartnershipPartnership اا آآ --
JointJoint stockstock companycompany هه اا آآ اا
LimitedLimited liabilityliability ةدوةدو تاذتاذ آآ
companycompany
:: اا ةدوةدو اا اا تاذتاذ آآ اا وو مم اا هه آآ –– ––
:: اا ةدوةدو اا اا تاذتاذ آآ اا وو
مم اا هه آآ –– –– –– آآ اا اا --11
Company'sCompany's namename ,, ObjectObject ,, TermTerm andand HeadHead OfficeOffice
اا –– آآ اا لل سأرسأر --22
CapitalCapital –– SharesShares
آآ اا ةرادإةرادإ --33
DirectorsDirectors
اا اا --44
TheThe generalgeneral MeetingMeeting
حح رر اا زز ،، اا لل اا سأرسأر ،، اا بب اا ،، دد اا ،، اا اا --55
Company'sCompany's fiscalfiscal yearyear ,, inventoryinventory ,, closingclosing accountaccount ,, reserves,reserves, andand
distributiondistribution ofof dividendsdividends
اا رر اا وو تت اا اا --66
AuditorAuditor andand CounselCounsel
تت زز اا --77
DisputesDisputes
وو آآ اا --88
DissolutionDissolution andand liquidationliquidation
رادراد اا دد اا AdministrativeAdministrative contractscontracts :: رادراد اا دد اا عاعا
رادراد اا دد اا
AdministrativeAdministrative contractscontracts
:: رادراد اا دد اا عاعا أأ
ContractContract ofof publicpublic worksworks اا لل اا دد --11
SupplySupply contractscontracts رر اا دد --22
ConcessionConcession AgreementAgreement زز اا دد --33
اا اا وو اا ةة اا اا لل اا WordsWords ofof authoritiesauthorities :: ShallShall لل
اا اا وو اا ةة اا اا لل اا
WordsWords ofof authoritiesauthorities
:: ShallShall لل اا --11
TenantTenant shallshall paypay thethe rentrent onon thethe firstfirst ofof eacheach month.month.
TheThe employeeemployee shallshall bebe reimbursedreimbursed reasonablereasonable
expenses.expenses.””
TheThe leaselease shallshall terminateterminate onon DecemberDecember 31,2008.31,2008.
TenantTenant shallshall dodo everyevery efforteffort toto keepkeep thethe premisespremises inin
itsits previousprevious conditionsconditions ………… ""
ماما اا لل أأ abideabide byby –– complycomply withwith –– adhereadhere toto The licensee shall
ماما اا لل أأ
abideabide byby –– complycomply withwith –– adhereadhere toto
The licensee shall abide by the following
ماما اا لل أأ declaredeclare ,, acknowledgeacknowledge ,, representrepresent -- acceptaccept --
ماما اا لل أأ
declaredeclare ,, acknowledgeacknowledge ,, representrepresent
--
acceptaccept --
agreeagree اا --
:: لل نأنأ اا لل أأ زز
TheThe CompanyCompany shallshall agreeagree toto
:: هه اا إإ وو
TheThe CompanyCompany agreesagrees toto
MustMust –– ً ً TheThe employeeemployee mustmust applyapply inin writingwriting toto his/herhis/her
MustMust –– ً ً
TheThe employeeemployee mustmust applyapply inin writingwriting toto
his/herhis/her supervisorsupervisor forfor leaveleave withoutwithout paypay
willwill ماما اا –– ً ً لل اا اا ذذ وو ،، يي ماما اا
willwill ماما اا –– ً ً
لل اا اا ذذ وو ،، يي ماما اا اا
اا اا
maymay ماما اا –– ً ً ارار
IfIf aa laborlabor certificationcertification isis denied,denied, thethe employeremployer
maymay makemake aa requestrequest forfor reconsideration,reconsideration, inin
writingwriting andand withinwithin 3030 daysdays ofof thethe datedate ofof thethe
determination,determination, toto thethe CertifyingCertifying OfficerOfficer whowho
mademade thethe determination.determination.
اا :: shallshall notnot --11 EmployeeEmployee shallshall notnot performperform anyany workwork
اا
:: shallshall notnot --11
EmployeeEmployee shallshall notnot performperform anyany workwork
inconsistentinconsistent withwith thethe Company'sCompany's
interestsinterests
maymay notnot --22
TenantTenant maymay notnot assignassign oror subletsublet thethe
PremisesPremises withoutwithout LandlordLandlord 's's consentconsent
اا تت اا AgentAgent shallshall devotedevote itsits bestbest effortsefforts toto marketingmarketing thethe
اا تت اا
AgentAgent shallshall devotedevote itsits bestbest effortsefforts toto
marketingmarketing thethe ProductsProducts andand servicingservicing
accountsaccounts whichwhich carrycarry thethe ProductsProducts inin
thethe Territory.Territory.
TheThe InvestorInvestor isis aa dulyduly formedformed company/consortiumcompany/consortium exexistingisting underunder
TheThe InvestorInvestor isis aa dulyduly formedformed company/consortiumcompany/consortium exexistingisting
underunder thethe lawslaws ofof [[●●].]. ItIt hashas fullfull capacitycapacity toto enterenter intointo thethe
SubscriptionSubscription Agreement,Agreement, carrycarry outout obligationsobligations derivderiveded fromfrom
itit oror taketake advantagesadvantages ofof rightsrights laidlaid downdown inin it.it.
TheThe InvestorInvestor representsrepresents thatthat signingsigning thethe SubscriptiSubscriptionon AgreementAgreement
asas wellwell asas carryingcarrying outout undertakingsundertakings outlinedoutlined hereiherein:n:
DoesDoes notnot contravenecontravene anyany Law,Law, rulerule oror regulationregulation inin forceforce andand
dodo notnot conflictconflict withwith anyany courtcourt decision;decision;
IsIs dulyduly authorizedauthorized byby thethe InvestorInvestor’’ss competentcompetent corporatecorporate
bodiesbodies andand thatthat neitherneither otherother formalformal requirementrequirement nonorr priorprior
authorizationauthorization areare requisiterequisite forfor enteringentering intointo and/oand/orr carryingcarrying
outout undertakingsundertakings hereof.hereof. TheThe InvestorInvestor isis dulyduly boundbound byby
termsterms ofof thethe SubscriptionSubscription Agreement.;Agreement.; andand
CompliesComplies withwith licensinglicensing andand authorizationauthorization requiremerequirementsnts toto
whichwhich thethe InvestorInvestor isis subjectsubject includingincluding noticenotice toto ccompetentompetent
authorities,authorities, namelynamely thosethose pertainingpertaining toto shareholdinshareholding.g.
AlthoughAlthough protectionprotection wouldwould latolato sensusensu bebe allall encompassing,encompassing,
AlthoughAlthough protectionprotection wouldwould latolato sensusensu
bebe allall encompassing,encompassing, strictostricto sensusensu,,
withwith aa rightsrights--basedbased approach,approach, therethere
wouldwould bebe aa certaincertain specificityspecificity toto rightsrights
ensuingensuing therethere fromfrom thatthat wouldwould havehave toto
bebe elaborated.elaborated. TheThe differencedifference betweenbetween
protectionprotection latulatu sensusensu andand protectionprotection
strictostricto sensusensu waswas hermeneutical,hermeneutical, withwith
thethe latterlatter focusingfocusing onon thethe rightsrights
involvedinvolved
AnyAny personperson whowho willfullywillfully obstructsobstructs oror resistsresists anyany personperson lawfullylawfully
AnyAny personperson whowho willfullywillfully obstructsobstructs oror
resistsresists anyany personperson lawfullylawfully chargedcharged
withwith thethe executionexecution ofof anan orderorder oror
warrantwarrant ofof anyany courtcourt ofof justicejustice isis guiltyguilty
ofof aa misdemeanor,misdemeanor, andand isis liableliable toto
imprisonmentimprisonment notnot exceededexceeded forfor 33 yearsyears
ForFor thethe purposepurpose ofof determiningdetermining MembersMembers entitledentitled toto noticenotice of,of, oror
ForFor thethe purposepurpose ofof determiningdetermining MembersMembers
entitledentitled toto noticenotice of,of, oror toto votevote atat anyany meetingmeeting
ofof MembersMembers oror anyany adjournmentadjournment thereof,thereof, oror
MembersMembers entitledentitled toto receivereceive paymentpayment ofof anyany
Dividend,Dividend, oror inin orderorder toto makemake aa determinationdetermination
ofof MembersMembers forfor anyany otherother purpose,purpose, thethe
DirectorsDirectors maymay provideprovide thatthat thethe registerregister ofof
MembersMembers shallshall bebe closedclosed forfor transferstransfers forfor aa
statedstated periodperiod whichwhich shallshall notnot inin anyany casecase
exceedexceed fortyforty days.days. IfIf thethe registerregister ofof MembersMembers
shallshall bebe closedclosed forfor thethe purposepurpose ofof
determiningdetermining MembersMembers entitledentitled toto noticenotice of,of, oror
toto votevote at,at, aa meetingmeeting ofof MembersMembers thethe registerregister
ofof MemberMember shallshall bebe closedclosed forfor atat leastleast tenten
daysdays immediatelyimmediately precedingpreceding thethe meetingmeeting