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Fuel Injection System FAQs

Q: Is the TITAN EXP Fuel Injection System certificated? A: No. The TITAN EXP Fuel Injection System is not certificated at the present time. It is eligible for experimental aircraft. Q: Does ECi intend to certificate the system? A: The answer to that question will be determined by market demand. Q: Is the system compatible with unleaded gas? A: Yes. However, the owner/operator must determine the compatibility of unleaded fuels with the requirements of the engine and installation. The materials in the valves, valve seats and valve guides of the ECi TITAN KitEngine cylinders require the use of 100LL aviation fuel for initial break-in, approximately the first 25 hours of engine operation. ECi does NOT recommend the use of current unleaded fuel in any engine having a compression ratio in excess of 8.5:1, in any engine subject to operation in excess of rated RPM nor in engines that are supercharged. Q: Can the TITAN EXP Fuel Injection System be overhauled in the field? A: Yes. Overhaul data and competitively priced replacement parts will be available. In addition, a Calibration Kit is available from ECi. Q: Will all TITAN KitEngines come equipped with the TITAN EXP Fuel Injection System? A: No. This will be a kit option. Q: What type of pump does the system use? A: A mechanically driven vane type fuel pump that operates at pressures up to 30 psi. The pump attaches to the accessory housing by means of an AN pad and is gear driven. Q: Are the vane type fuel pump and the automotive diaphragm type fuel pump interchangeable on the same accessory case? A: No, but soon you will be able to mount the fuel pump on the vacuum pump pad on those aircraft not using a vacuum pump.

Q: What happens if the pump fails? A: The mechanical system is backed up by an electrically driven boost pump for engine starting and emergencies. Q: Does it make any difference if the airplane has a high wing or a low wing? A: No. Q: How does the return fuel line work? A: The outgoing and the return fuel lines are routed as a pair and are simultaneously controlled by a fuel selector valve manufactured by Andair Ltd. When the fuel selector valve is turned to the desired tank, fuel is taken from the tank and the excess fuel is returned to the same tank. Q: Will the TITAN EXP Fuel Injection System only work with the TITAN EXP Cold Induction System? A: No. TITAN EXP Fuel Injection System will work with any induction system currently on the market but enhances engine performance the most when used in conjunction with the TITAN EXP Cold Induction System.

FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM

The TITAN EXP FIS kit components include: fuel pump and vapor separator assembly; throttle body; injector nozzles; fuel manifold valve includes fittings and bracket; fuel lines; complete installation and adjustment instructions.

RELIABILITY REDUCED WEIGHT INCREASED POWER FUEL ECONOMY AFFORDABILITY

1-800-ECi-2FLY | www.eci.aero
9503 Middlex San Antonio, TX 78217 | Tel 210.820.8101 Fax 210.820.8102 | sales-service@eci.aero ECi is recognized for Quality Management System Registration to ISO 9001:2000. Federal Aviation Administration Joint Aviation Authorities JAR-145 Acceptance Certified JAA\MAINT\A 10\93-L530. ECi and TITAN are registered trademarks of Engine Components, Inc or Airmotive Engineering, Inc. 2009 Engine Components, Inc. M250 (05/18/09)

Fuel Injection System


Check Valve
Flow Direction

WHY TITAN FIS?


Pros and Cons Analysis
CARBURETOR
Pros Simple Reliable Can be overhauled with no requirement for a test bench Cons Prone to icing which can lead to engine stoppage Poor fuel distribution Poor fuel atomization Requires provision for carb heat Will not work in negative G condition Proper overhaul can only be validated by installing the carburetor on an engine and flying the airplane 1920s technology
vent

Vapor Return

Firewall
vent

Right Fuel Tank


Vapor Return

Pressure Release Valve

Fuel Supply

Fuel Pump & Vapor Separator

Manifold

Flow
Vapor Return

Flow Direction

Direction

vent

Left Fuel Tank


(Fuel Boost Pump and Installation Kit) From Vans Aircraft*

Check Valve

Boost Pump
overboard drain

MANIFOLD

Fuel Supply

Filter

mixture control

Injectors

MECHANICAL FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM


Pros Excellent fuel metering, distribution, atomization and vaporization Carb heat provision not required No requirement to pass induction air through oil sump to improve fuel distribution and vaporization Smoother running engine due to better fuel distribution Allows fuel/air mixture to be optimized for each cylinder Works in any aircraft attitude Throttle body can be mounted in any position available on the engine Can be installed to take advantage of ram air Allows engine to be leaned more precisely thereby improving fuel economy More HP for the same amount of fuel Spark plugs remain cleaner and therefore, live longer Works in supercharged applications The same basic system works on engines of different displacements Works on any induction system in the market Proper fuel flow and operation are validated during bench tests Direct injection into the intake port cools the intake valve 1-1/2 to 2 manifold pressure advantage over a carburetor or servo system. (Due to lack of a venturi in the inlet air passage.) a) 1 of manifold pressure equates to 2 to 3% horsepower. b) 1 of manifold pressure equates to approximately 1000 of critical altitude. c) 1000 of altitude with the same HP equals 2.5 +kts.

Cons More complex than a carburetor Requires the use of a calibrated test bench for overhaul

Firewall
The Fuel Selector primary function is to allow selection or shut-off of either main fuel tank The secondary purpose is to return vapor to the same tank which the system is drawing fuel from (fuel feed - top valve; vapor return - bottom valve). This function was developed so that any one tank cannot be overfilled.

Throttle Body

PARTS INCLUDED IN THE TITAN EXP

FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM


Fuel pump and vapor separator assembly gasket Throttle Body Fuel manifold valve includes fittings engine bracket and hardware Fuel hoses from pump to manifold valve includes brackets and clamps Injectors fuel lines Complete installation & adjustment instructions Accessory Case with AN Fuel Pump Pad TITAN EXP Calibration Kit Available Options (not included in kit)

Check Valves allow fuel to flow in one direction only. Check valves are installed in the vapor return system and in the fuel supply system.

Fuel Pump/Vapor Separator supplies fuel to the injection system and performs part of the metering functions. It increases fuel flow with engine RPM at a 1:1 ratio. The injection pump has a vapor return function to reduce possibility of vapor lock at high altitudes or high temperatures, provides idle fuel pressure adjustment, full throttle fuel pressure adjustment, and mixture control through the whole range of operation.

Manifold Valve continuously

Throttle Body is the unit


Fuel Boost Pump and Installation Kit (Vans Aircraft) A module is installed in the cockpit that contains the fuel boost pump, selector valve, fuel filter, and installation hardware. The basic components (the duplex fuel selector valve must be purchased seperately) can be purchased in kit form from Vans1, i.e. 7/7A F.I. Pump (18 psi min.) Install which fits the RV 6/6A, 7/7A, and 9/9A. A duplex valve must be substituted for the single valve with additional plumbing added to accommodate the vapor return lines.

supplies even fuel distribution to all fuel injector nozzles and provides metering functions. It also provides fuel cut-off between the injectors and the throttle body during engine shutdown.

which meters air and fuel in relation proportion to the throttle position. Secondary function is idle speed and idle mixture adjustment.

ECi TITAN EXP Fuel Injection System Legend

Injector Nozzles meter fuel and allow air to mix with fuel to improve atomization and vaporization while injecting fuel directly into cylinder intake ports.The injectors consist of calibrated orifice, screen shield, screen, and a nozzle body.

Fuel Supply from fuel tank Fuel vapor returning to fuel tank Unmetered fuel Metered Fuel Nozzle Pressure
*Fuel Boost Pump and Installation Kit Vans Aircraft, Inc. www.vansaircraft.com
2009. Engine Components, Inc. All rights reserved.

800-324-2359 | www.eci.aero