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Sinele

Sinele
James : physical self, mental self, spiritual self Minimal self (Gallagher, 2000) bazal, accesibil imediat, prezent Narrative (Dennett) / extended (Neisser) self continuitate, legatura intre trecut (amintiri) si viitor (intentii)

Sinele minimal - Embodied


The sense of the body is the very basic feeling that I am the body it is not a cognitive state, nor an explicit thought: it is the very simple fact that I do not have a body, but that this body is the body that I am (Borghi & Cimatti, 2010) Spatial Motor Afectiv (Vignemont, 2010)

Sinele minimal - Embodied


Mecanisme sentimentul de sine ca si corp:
1. a. b.

Ownership sentimentul de a fi proprietarul partilor corpului (inclusiv recunoasterea lor) actiunilor Agency sentimentul de a fi agentul propriilor actiuni

2.

Fig. Gallagher, 2000

Sinele minimal - Embodied


Limite flexibile Ex. Rubber hand illusion (RHI)

Ex. Amputatii membre virtuale (Cole et al., 2009;


Ramachandran et al., 1996)

Modificari la nivelul membrului real in timpul rubber hand illusion scaderea temperaturii Incetinirea procesarii informatiei provenite de la membrul real Rolul procesarii top-down pentru sinele fizic!

Body model hypothesis (de Preester &


Tsakiris, 2009):
-

Model al propriului corp: descriere de referinta a proprietatilor vizuale, anatomice si posturale ale propriului corp input multisenzorial + reprezentare Permite integrarea unor elemente exterioare acestuia daca: forma anatomica, nu se incalca anumite asumptii privind realitatea etc. (Vignemont,
2010)

Explica de ce fenomenul nu apare in cazul uneltelor

Dezvoltarea sinelui corporal


Reprezentare online a sinelui corporal Reprezentare offline a sinelui corporal (Carruthers,
2008)

Cum apare reprezentarea offline? - Suma experientelor anterioare de tip online - Predispozitie pentru reprezentarea prototipica a corpului?? Membru fantoma la persoane nascute fara membre (Berlucchi & Aglioti, 1997)

Sinele corporal - Disembodiment


Lipsa de familiaritate (ex. somatoparafrenie) Sentimentul de ireal Lipsa utilitatii/controlului Lipsa apartenentei (ownership) (ex. Body integrity identity disorder BIID)

Sinele minimal Limbajul


Pronumele de persoana I, parte a sinelui minimal? - Imunitatea la eroare (schizofrenie) Limbajul intern ca parte a sinelui corporal?
(Borghi & Cimatti, 2010)

Jill Bolte Taylor


The most notable difference between my pre- and post-stroke cognitive experience was the dramatic silence that had taken residency inside my head. I just didnt think in the same way. Communication with the external world was out. Language with linear processing was out. But thinking in pictures was in (Bolte Taylor, 2006)

Pierderea limbajului intern afectarea sinelui fizic: I could not determine how my body was positioned, where it began or where it ended. Without the traditional sense of my physical boundaries, I felt I was one with the vastness of the universe My entire self-concept shifted as I no longer perceived myself as a single, a solid, an entity with boundaries that separated myself from the entities around me I had stepped beyond my perception of myself as an individual (Bolte Taylor, 2006)

Sinele interior

Sf. Augustin (354-430)

Sinele narativ/extins
Aspecte episodice: memoria autobigrafica Aspecte semantice: cunostinte factuale, trasaturi, perspectiva subiectiva asupra lumii Perspectiva de persoana I (Gillihan & Farah, 2005)

Emisfera stanga: Whole brain interpreter (Gazzaniga)


Our brains have evolved to make decisions that enhance reproductive success. There seems to be a left-brain mechanism that's constantly trying to find relationships between events that you encounter in the world and constantly assessing where you stand in relation to others. Legatura cu realitatea

Sinele in creier