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POLITICAL SCIENCE

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How successful have Chinese efforts been to assuage the concerns of regional

states about its dramatic rise?

Dramatic rise of economic and political influence of China has a direct impact on

China's increased activity in the global and regional scale. China had successful efforts to

assuage the concerns of regional diplomacy that showed China's ability to prudently and

carefully move towards the main goal of "peaceful development". This maneuver can help

China to become a global power. N.Segers stated that: “China should not waste the

opportunity to regain a benevolent and non-threatening image in its (maritime) areas of

influence - especially when it affects the regional strategic balance - as trustworthiness has

sunk to a low probably comparable to China's awful diplomatic position in 1989” (Segers,

2011).

The

dramatic

rise

of

China

is

the

inevitable

result

of

economic

and

social

development. This rise is both a challenge and opportunity. J.Holslag stated that: “"China

increasingly feels like a trapped giant with its diplomatic manoeuvrability being squeezed

from all sides. The key question is, to which degree China will adjust its posturing and scale

back its robust military manoeuvring offshore in the South China Sea and along the border

with India" (Holslag, 2011). The U.S. pursues a contact policy with China, it means that they

seeking opportunity to cooperate with the international affairs through contacts. Such

cooperation should be based not only on the interests of the U.S., but also China. The U.S.

does not seek to contain China and try to direct its influence in a positive direction. China

shows success in overcoming the concerns of regional states. In its relations with the world's

major centers China prefers to maintain a stable relationship and to avoid open confrontation.

It helps to maintain the position on key issues for China.

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Analysts such as R.Ayson, B.Schwartz and E.Gartzke agree that Asia is the area of

highest concentration of economic power in the XXI century. China is able to further

integration, interdependence and institutional mechanisms for conflict prevention. In any

case, there remain a number of outstanding issues: what force is the "engine" of the region;

whether it will retain its current role of the U.S.; what will be the inner transformation of

regional states and how to change the relationship between the regional states. China is

important for America as for a number of reasons for the economic and foreign policy, as

from the point of view of security. The United States is quite closely involved in the

development of the regional strategic balance, and the situation in China is often has a direct

impact on America's foreign policy planning.

The behavior of regional states will be in the XXI century the main backbone element

of international relations. The regional states will have a growing influence on the overall

dynamics of world development. In particular this applies to India, which is among the

developing countries with the greatest economic and demographic potential.

To determine the degree of success of China in regional issues can be in two ways (Medeiros,

2003):

- China's participation in the development of military-technical cooperation with the countries

of the region;

- China's role in the regional strategic balance.

At the regional level and in relations with developing countries, China is trying to gain

the confidence to create a stable and predictable environment in which Beijing could advance

their interests. Methods for solving problems in China diplomatic different: somewhere

dominated economic interests, security interests somewhere. The second aspect is negative

effect. D. Shambaugh wrote: “The second negative and important effect on China's foreign

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policy is that Beijing has become less likely to join the international community in tackling

global problems. For example, a tough Chinese stand on North Korean or Iranian nuclear

proliferation is now easily portrayed by nationalist elements as an accommodation to the

United States” (Shambaugh, 2005).

The main problem in the development of nuclear arsenals in China is that they still do

not have the necessary infrastructure to maintain nuclear forces, appropriate communications,

intelligence and early warning systems at the present level. Furthermore the allocation of

nuclear arsenals for the establishment of such infrastructure will fall on China’s economy.

The advent of nuclear weapons from China to the specific conditions of the regional conflict

does not bring stability, it will adds uncertainty to the situation and increase the risk of

conventional military conflict in minor or moderate intensity between China and regional

states.

 

References

 

Ayson,

R.

(2005).

Regional

Stability

in

the

Asia-Pacific:

Toward

a

Conceptual

Understanding. Asian Security. Vol. 1. No 2. P. 198.

Christensen,T. (2011). The advantages of an assertive china: responding to Beijing's abrasive

diplomacy in foreign affairs 90.2.

Gartzke, E. (2008). The Classical Liberals Were Just Lucky: A Few Thoughts About

Interdependence and Peace. Economic Interdependence and International Conflict:

New Perspectives on and Enduring Debate. P. 96-110.

Holslag, J. (2011).Trapped giant: china's military. Rise London: Routledge for IISS, 2011,

pp. 29-73.

Medeiros, E. (2003). China’s New Diplomacy. Foreign Affairs. Vol. 82. Р. 26-35.

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Schwartz, B. (2005). Managing China’s Rise. The Atlantic Monthly. Vol. 3.P. 27-28.

Segers, N. (2011). China's Naval Posturing Strains Sino-American Relations. Retrieved from:

http://www.atlanticcommunity.org/index/articles/view/China's_Naval_Posturing_Strains_Sin

o-American_Relations

Shambaugh, D. (2005).China Engages Asia: reshaping the regional order in international

sercurity 29.3, 2005, pp 64-99.