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Amazing Facts about India and Indians! India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization.

India never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history. India is the world's largest democracy. aranasi, also !nown as "enares, was called #the ancient city# when $ord "uddha visited it in %00 ".&.', and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today. India invented the (umber )ystem. *ero was invented by Aryabhatta. +he ,orld's first university was established in +a!shashila in -00"&. .ore than 10,%00 students from all over the world studied more than /0 sub0ects. +he 1niversity of (alanda built in the 2th century "& was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education. )ans!rit is the mother of all the 'uro3ean languages. )ans!rit is the most suitable language for com3uter software 4 a re3ort in Forbes magazine, 5uly 167-. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine !nown to humans. &hara!a, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 8%00 years ago. +oday Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful 3lace in our civilization. Although modern images of India often show 3overty and lac! of develo3ment, India was the richest country on earth until the time of "ritish invasion in the early 1-th &entury. &hristo3her &olumbus was attracted by India's wealth.

+he art of (avigation was born in the river )indhu /000 years ago. +he very word (avigation is derived from the )ans!rit word (A 9A+I:. +he word navy is also derived from )ans!rit '(ou'. "has!aracharya calculated the time ta!en by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer )mart. +ime ta!en by earth to orbit the sun; <%th century= >/%.8%7-%/272 days. +he value of 3i was first calculated by "udhayana, and he e?3lained the conce3t of what is !nown as the @ythagorean +heorem. :e discovered this in the /th century long before the 'uro3ean mathematicians. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Auadratic eBuations were by )ridharacharya in the 11th century. +he largest numbers the 9ree!s and the Comans used were 10/ whereas :indus used numbers as big as 10DD%><10 to the 3ower of %>= with s3ecific names as early as %000 "&' during the edic 3eriod. 'ven today, the largest used number is +era 10DD18<10 to the 3ower of 18=. I''' has 3roved what has been a century old sus3icion in the world scientific community that the 3ioneer of wireless communication was @rof. 5agdish "ose and not .arconi. +he earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in )aurashtra. According to )a!a Eing Cudradaman I of 1%0 &' a beautiful la!e called )udarshana was constructed on the hills of Caivata!a during &handragu3ta .aurya's time. &hess <)hataran0a or Ashta@ada= was invented in India. )ushruta is the father of surgery. 8/00 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted com3licated surgeries li!e cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even 3lastic surgery and brain surgery. 1sage of anesthesia was well !nown in ancient India. Fver 18% surgical eBui3ment were used. Gee3 !nowledge of anatomy, 3hysiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many te?ts. ,hen many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over %000 years ago, Indians established :ara33an culture in )indhu alley <Indus alley &ivilization=. +he four religions born in India, :induism, "uddhism, 5ainism, and )i!hism, are followed by 8%H of the world's 3o3ulation. +he 3lace value system, the decimal system was develo3ed in India in 100 "&. India is one of the few countries in the ,orld, which gained inde3endence without violence. India has the second largest 3ool of )cientists and 'ngineers in the ,orld. India is the largest 'nglish s3ea!ing nation in the world.

India is the only country other than 1) and 5a3an, to have built a su3er com3uter indigenously. Famous Auotes on India <by non4Indians= Albert 'instein said; ,e owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made. .ar! +wain said; India is, the cradle of the human race, the birth3lace of human s3eech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Fur most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured u3 in India only. French scholar Comain Colland said; If there is one 3lace on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of e?istence, it is India. :u )hih, former Ambassador of &hina to 1)A said; India conBuered and dominated &hina culturally for 80 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border. )hare if you are a 3roud Indian

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